Budapest 6-9 desember  2016

endringer 19.8.2019
Grete Emblemsvåg


photo

med Escape travel
reiseleder: Istvan Aranyi


Budapest er hovedstad i Ungarn og landets økonomiske, industrielle, politiske og kulturelle sentrum.
Opprinnelig var Budapest to byer på hver side av Donau, Buda og Pest (uttales Pesjt på ungarsk).
De to byene ble slått sammen i 1873. Med sin historie og gamle arkitektur er byen et svært interessant reisemål.
Byen har gjennomgått mye uroligheter gjennom tidene – ikke minst mot slutten av andre verdenskrig,
da mer enn 80 % av bygningene ble mer eller mindre ødelagt under de langvarige kampene under slaget om
Budapest.


Romerne grunnla byen Aquincum i år 89, der en keltisk by tidligere hadde ligget. Fra år 106 til det 4. århundre var
Aquincum hovedstaden i den romerske provinsen Pannonia. Contra Aquincum (eller Trans Aquincum) var det
nåværende Pest.

Omkring år 900 kom magyarene, forfedrene til de moderne ungarerne, til området. I middelalderen ble de to byene
Buda og Pest viktige.
Buda ble sete for et kongelig slott i 1247, og i 1361 ble byen Ungarns hovedstad.
Pest ble ødelagt av mongolene i 1241, men ble raskt gjenreist igen.


Det osmanske rikes erobring av Ungarn i det 16. århundre stanset byenes vekst:
Pest falt til osmanerne i 1526, og Buda falt 15 år senere.
Buda ble hovedstad for en osmansk guvernør, mens Pest ble forlatt før habsburgerne inntok byen i 1686.


Det var Pest, hjemsted for administrasjon siden 1723, som vokste hurtigst i 18. og 19. århundre.
I 1800 var Pest større enn Buda og Obuda til sammen.
Pests befolkning vokste med 20 ganger gjennom det 19. århundre, til 600.000 innbyggere,
mens Buda og Óbudas befolkning ble kun 4 ganger større fram til 1900.


Sammenslåingen av de tre byene under én kommunal ledelse ble først gjennomført av den revolusjonære ungarske
regjeringen i 1849, deretter ble dette omgjort av den habsburgske ledelsen, men ble til slutt slått fast av den ungarske
kongelige regjeringen, etablert ved det østerriksk-ungarske Ausgleich-kompromisset av 1867.
Befolkningen i den nye byen, Budapest, vokste 7 ganger i størrelse i periodeBudapest var en riktig imperial by,
ved at byen var hovedstad i den ungarske delen av Østerrike-Ungarn.
Den ungarske regjeringen var en viktig del av keiserrikets styre.
Mange av byens store bygninger stammer fra det 19. århundre.n 1840 til 1900, da den nådde 730.000.

https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budapest

tilbake til 1. side


bilder fra turen

Tirsdag 6. desember 2016

 Budapest
 
Budapest_Zenit-hotel
Resepsjonen på Zenit hotel, Budapest
http://budapest.zenithoteles.com/en
Budapest_Zenit-hotel
På rommet var det
satt fram
et deilig fruktfat.

Etter innsjekking gikk vi en liten runde i nærområdet
sammen med vikarguide Gyorgyi Zahorak.
Et av de store julemarkedene i byen lå like ved hotellet,
så lenger enn det kom vi ikke.
Vi måtte ha litt mat også før vi skulle i operaen


 Budapest_julemarked
Karl Martin i gågata. Et av de store julemarkedene ligger like bak ham.
Budapest_julemarked
Grete er klar for julemarked.
Kommer du til Budapest og ønsker
å få med deg julemarkedene?
Det har du god grunn til, for i
Budapest har de noen av de flotteste julemarkedene i hele Europa.
Det er selvfølgelig svært subjektivt
når vi sier at julemarkedene i
Budapest er blant de beste i Europa,
men i flere og flere artikler som blir publisert i aviser og på internett framhever de markedene i
Budapest
som spesielt trivelige, blant annet på grunn av den flotte belysningen
de har på kveldstid, men også spesielt
fordi de har mange sitteplasser der
man kan sitte og nyte god
mat etter
lang og slitsom shopping. 

http://www.budapestungarn.no/aktiviteter/julemarked

 



Budapest_opera
Budapest_opera
The Budapest Opera House, in Hungarian known as the
Magyar Állami Operaház, is located in central Pest.
It was built according to the Neo-Renaissance style, a movement that
developed in the XIX century along with Neo-Classicism and Neo-Gothic
based on the Renaissance Architecture.
The Budapest Opera House officially opened its doors on
September 27th 1884; at that time it had 1.310 seats. -
(27. mars 2020)
https://www.budapest.org/en/budapest-opera-house/

Budapest_opera
Vi så operaen Karmelittsøstrene:
Dialogues des Carmélites
 (Dialogues of the Carmelites) is a French opera in three acts, divided
into twelve scenes with linking
orchestral interludes, with music and
libretto by Francis Poulenc, completed
in 1956. The composer's second opera,
Poulenc wrote the libretto after the
work of the same name by Georges
Bernanos. The opera tells a fictionalised version of the story of the Martyrs of Compiègne, Carmelite nuns who, in 1794 during the closing days of the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution,
were guillotined in Paris for refusing
to renounce their vocation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dialogues_of_the_C
armelites
The Budapest Opera House
It is a richly-decorated building and is considered one of the architect's
masterpieces.
It was built in neo-Renaissance style, with elements of baroque.
Ornamentation includes paintings and sculptures by leading figures of
Hungarian art of the time including Bertalan Székely, Mór Than
and Károly Lotz.
Although in size and capacity it is not among the greatest,
in beauty and the quality of acoustics the Budapest Opera House
is considered to be amongst the first few opera houses in the world.


 Budapest_operahuset
The auditorium holds 1261 seats. It is horseshoe shaped
and – according to measurements done in the 1970s by a group of
international engineers – has the 3rd best acoustics in Europe
after La Scala in Milan and the Palais Garnier in Paris.
(27. mars 2020)
https://www.360cities.net/it/image/hungarian-state-opera-house-budapest
Onsdag 7. desember 2016

Budapest_Heltenes_plass
Budapest_Heltenes_plass

Hősök tere 
(Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈhøːʃøk ˈtɛrɛ]; Heroes' Square)
is one of the major squares in Budapest, Hungary, noted for its iconic
statue complex featuring the Seven chieftains of the Magyars and other
important Hungarian national leaders, as well as the Memorial Stone of
Heroes, often erroneously referred as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
The square lies at the outbound end of Andrássy Avenue next to City Park
(Városliget). It hosts the Museum of Fine Arts and the Műcsarnok.
The square has played an important part in contemporary Hungarian
history and has been a host to many political events, such as the reburial
of Imre Nagy in 1989.
The sculptures were made by sculptor Zala György from Lendava.
Budapest_Heltenes_plass
The central feature of Heroes' Square,
as well as a landmark of Budapest,
is the Millennium Memorial (Hungarian: Millenáriumi Emlékmű,
also translated Millennium Monument or Millennial Monument). Construction began in 1896 to
commemorate the thousandth
anniversary of the Hungarian
conquest of the Carpathian Basin and the foundation of the Hungarian state
in 1896, and was part of a much
larger construction project which also included the expansion and
refurbishing of Andrássy Avenue and
the construction of the first metro line
 in Budapest (Hungarian: Földalatti). 
Budapest_Heltenes_plass
Construction was mostly completed in
1900, which was when the square
received its name.
The four allegoric sculptures were
added in 1906, the monument as a
whole basically looked like it does
today (except for the kings' statues),
complete with the surrounding
museums on either side, and it was inaugurated still in the same year,
1906. 
(27. mars 2020)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H%C5%91s%C3%B6k_tere

 Budapest_Heltenes_plass

 Budapest_Heltenes_plass

 Budapest_skoytebane
The huge open air Ice Rink of Budapest is on the top 10 list of Lonely Planet
as one of the best places in Europe in winter time, paired with a warm bath
 in the Budapest baths, and a visit to the cool and hip ruin bars, some of the
best bars in Budapest.  
(27. mars 2020)
http://budapestchristmas.com/budapest-outdoor-ice-rink-in-the-city-park
Budapest_Steffansdomen
Budapest_Steffansdomen

St. Stefans katedralen.
Julekrybben var ved inngangen til katedralen.


 Budapest_Steffansdomen St. Stefans katedralen

 Budapest_Steffansdomen
Just like the Hungarian Parliament Building, the Basilica is one of the tallest
buildings of Budapest with its 96 meters.
Back in the days this equality symbolized the same importance of the laical
and spiritual power within the city.
https://www.budapest.org/en/st-stephens-basilica/
St. Stephen’s Basilica, in Hungarian Szent István-Bazilika, is a catholic
basilica located in the center of Budapest. At first the structure was supposed
to be named after Saint Leopold, the patron of Austria, but the plan was
changed and the church was named after Stephen, the first king of Hungary,
whose alleged right hand is supposed to be preserved in the reliquary of the
basilica.
Today St.Stephens’s Basilica represents the third largest church in Hungary.
Many sculptors have contributed to the inner decoration of St. Stephen’s
Basilica: more than 50 different types of marble were used to shape a
number of sculptures. -


A little bit of history
The site where today St. Stephen’s Basilica is constructed was a theater
in the 18° century.
This theater, called Hetz-Theater, used to host animal fights.
During those times a wealthy man called Janos Zitterbarth financed the
construction of a temporary church right inside the structure.
At the beginning of 1800, a few hundred people created the Lipótváros
Parish. They started the fundraising to build a permanent church,
which now is St.Stephen’s Church.
The church was completed in 1905, after 54 years of constructions.
The works were started by the architect Miklós Ybl and completed by
József Kauser.
The delay was due to the collapse of a dome in 1868, which required
the complete demolition of some of the areas that had been built until
that moment, and which were rebuild from scratches. 
(27. mars 2020)
https://www.budapest.org/en/st-stephens-basilica/
Budapest_Steffansdomen_Szent_jobb_Kapolna
Skrinet med St. Stephens høyre hånd.

Saint Stephen
was canonized
in 1083,
and as part of the process of
saint-ing,
his corpse was exhumed from
his crypt.
It is said that his right arm
(though not the rest of him
apparently) was found to
be as fresh as the day he was
buried.
The supple arm was promptly
lopped off to be preserved and
venerated.
The mummified hand went
through a number of owners
before returning to Hungary.

It is known as “The Holy Right” and every year on August 20th, Hungary takes
it out for a walk.
The occasion is Saint Stephen’s Day, a day dedicated to celebrating the founder
of the Hungarian nation. Curiously, St. Stephen, or a least a part of him, faithfully
attends his celebration every year.
The Holy Right is the right fist of St. Stephen himself and his relic leads the
parade each year.  (27. mars 2020)
https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/holy-right

 Budapest_Steffansdomen_fra_kirketrappa
The Christmas market on St Stephen’s Square is right in front of the beautiful
St Stephen’s Basilica which is one of the tallest buildings on the Pest side of
Budapest, and one of the biggest churches in Hungary.
The first Advent Fair in front of the basilica was held in 2011, organised by
the National Association of Folk Artists.  
(27. mars 2020)
Read more at:
https://dailynewshungary.com/christmas-markets-of-budapest-in-detail-st-stephens-basilica-photos/

 Budapest_julemarked
Julemarkedet ved St. Stefans-katedralen
Budapest_julemarked
Budapest_julemarked
Julemarkedet ved St. Stefans-katedralen

 Budapest_julemarked

 Budapest_julemarked

 Budapest_julemarked
Det er mye godt å spise og drikke på markedet.

 Budapest_Donau_med_Steffansdomen
The Danube (/ˈdænjuːb/ dan-ewb, known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second-longest river, after the Volga River, and also the longest river
in the
European Union region. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe.


The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire, and today
flows through 10 countries, more than any other river in the world



 Budapest_Donau_med_Parlamentet
Originating in Germany, the Danube flows southeast for 2,860 km (1,780 mi),
passing through or touching the border of Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria,
Moldova and Ukraine before emptying into the Black Sea.
Its drainage basin extends into nine more countries.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danube
The first castle built on Castle Hill was meant to provide protection against
the Mongols and the Tartars. This castle was constructed in the 13th century.
In the 14th century, the Duke of Slavonia built the oldest part of the
current-day castle, the foundations of the castle keep. In the late Middle Ages,
much of the castle was altered to suit the needs of King Sigismund, the Holy
Roman Empire. He required a large, fortified palace, and he increased its
strength and prominence to befit his role.
During his reign, it became the largest Gothic palace of the day.
This Gothic palace was badly damaged in the 1500s when the Ottoman army
besieged Budapest. Under Ottoman rule, the Gothic edifice was allowed to decay.
It was fully destroyed in 1686 when the territory was captured by Christian forces.
After this destruction, several palaces were built in its wake.
The first attempt was a small Baroque palace in 1715.
More construction took place in the mid-18th century,
under the guidance of Queen Maria Theresa.
  (27. mars 2020)
https://free-budapest-tours.com/budapest-castle-history-guide/

 Budapest_slottet_med_hestepasseren
The Buda Castle (often mentioned as ‘Budapest Castle’)
is on top of the Castle Hill in Budapest on the Buda side,
hence the name Buda Castle.
http://attractions.topbudapest.org/buildings/castles/buda-castle/

The Turul is a mythological
bird of
prey, mostly depicted
as a hawk or
falcon, in
Hungarian tradition and a

national symbol of
Hungarians.


In the legend of Emese, recorded
in the Gesta Hungarorum and
the Chronicon Pictum, the turul
is mentioned as occurring in a
dream of Emese, when she was
already pregnant.

In older literature, this was
interpreted as "impregnation", but
the text is clear. the Turul's role is one
of a protector spirit, that protects the
little baby Álmos, from harm.

Budapest_Buda
In a second dream by the leader of the
Hungarian tribes, in which eagles (the
emblem of the Pechenegs) attacked their
horses and a Turul came and saved them.
(27. mars 2020)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turul
The Castle district (Varnegyed) on the Castle Hill in Budapest, Hungary is on
the list of the UNESCO World Heritage and is one of the top places to see in
Budapest.
It is not only historic and romantic, but also fun (!) – and a superb budget
programme as many of the places to see are free (e.g. to walk around the
courtyard of the Buda Castle is free of charge and open all year round),
or very affordable (e.g. museum fees in the buildings of the Buda Castle,
or the entrance to the Matthias Church). 
(27. mars 2020)
http://attractions.topbudapest.org/buildings/castles/castle-hill/

Budapest_Buda_Mattiaskirken
Matthias Church
Budapest_Buda_ved_Mattiaskirken
Matthias church was used as a
coronation church by Hungarian
kings for centuries, also a mosque
for over 150 years by the Ottoman
Turks, once owned by Franciscans,
Jesuits, now a thriving Catholic church with holy masses, concerts, plenty of weddings, thousands of tourists. The graceful architecture and stunningly
rich, all embracing wall paintings of
the majestic building will leave you speechless.
  (27. mars 2020)
http://budacastlebudapest.com/matthias-church/


 Budapest_Buda_ved_Mattiaskirken
The Fisherman’s Bastion is the favourite attraction of locals and tourists alike
when it comes to seeing the Budapest panorama, or to feel the romance of the city.
On the other hand, to put it bluntly and shortly, the Fisherman’s Bastion in itself is
less historical, and is more like a Disney castle fantasy, sort of a fairy tale Bastion,
where you can take the best photos in Budapest – many of its balconies and
cloisters are free of charge.
   (27. mars 2020)
http://attractions.topbudapest.org/buildings/castles/fishermans-bastion-halaszbastya/

 Budapest_Citadelle_Gellert-hoyden
Gellért Hill
The first recorded names of the hill in the Middle Ages were Kelen-hegy,
Pesti-hegy (English: Pest Hill) and Blocksberg. From the 15th century it has
been called Szent Gellért hegye (lit. the hill of St. Gerard) referring to the
legend about the death of St. Gerard. The bishop was assassinated by the pagans during the great pagan rebellion in 1046.
He was put in a barrel and rolled down into the deep from the top of the hill.
The former name, Pesti-hegy (Latin: Mons Pestiensis) referred to the large
cave (now Gellért Hill Cave) in the hillside.

Budapest_strudel_Strudel-house

A strudel (/ˈstruːdəl/, German: [ˈʃtʁuːdəl])
is a type of layered pastry with a filling
that is usually sweet. It became popular
in the 18th century through the
Habsburg Empire.
Strudel is Austrian cuisine.

The oldest strudel recipes (a Millirahmstrudel
and a turnip strudel) are from 1696, in a
handwritten cookbook at the Vienna City Library (formerly Wiener Stadtbibliothek).
The pastry descends from similar Near Eastern pastries (see baklava and Turkish cuisine). 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strudel


Budapest_strudel_Strudel-house

Add strudel tasting to your Budapest
travel program and learn about the
secrets of traditional strudel making
in the First Strudel House of Pest
Cafe & Restaurant housed in a
historic building in the city center. 

http://www.budapestbylocals.com/strudel-tasting-in-budapest.html



The word is probably of Slavic origin and means oven or cave.
The Ottoman Turks called the hill Gürz Elyas bayiri.
Gürz Elyas was a holy man from the Bektashi order whose shrine and grave
on top of the hill was a place of pilgrimage in the 17th century. 
(27. mars 2020)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gell%C3%A9rt_Hill

 Budapest_julemarked

 Budapest_julemarked
Et av de mindre julemarkedene

 Budapest_julekrybbe
Budapest_by_night
Trafikken er stor, og det tar lang
tid å komme fram med bil.

Med metro går det fortere,
og det er gratis for dem over 65 år.

De store (og mange mindre) gatene
er fint pyntet i desembler.

Det kommer ikke så godt fram på
dette bildet, men også denne gata
var fint opplyst.

Under:
The Christmas Market on Vorosmarty Square is often thought of as the single
Christmas market in the city of Budapest, which luckily is not true.
However, what is true is that the Xmas fair on Vörösmarty Square is the oldest,
richest and the most spectacular of all the Christmas markets in Budapest.
(27. mars 2020)
http://budapestchristmas.com/christmas-market-on-vorosmarty-square

 Budapest_julegate
Veien fører til Vörösmarty.

 Budapest_Vorosmarty

Vörösmarty

Torsdag 8. desember 2016
Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath
http://www.szechenyibath.hu/
Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath
The Széchenyi Thermal Bath is o­ne of the largest spa complexes in Europe.
It's also the first thermal bath of Pest. It owes its existence to Vilmos Zsigmondy,
a mining engineer. o­n his initiative, successful deep borings had been performed
in the City Park, where later, in 1881 already an "Artesian bath" was in
operation. However, this temporary type of bath was meeting the demands of
the age less and less, so the Széchenyi Thermal Bath was built in 1913 o­n the
basis of plans composed by Gyozo Czigler. The Bath was expanded in 1927 with
a public bathing department for gentlemen and ladies and a beach site.
In the middle of the 1960s, further transformations took place, including the
creation of a group thermal section in bathing suits as well as a daytime
outpatient hospital (complex physiotherapy department).

Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath
Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath

Grete slapper av i Palmehaven
på Szechenyi Thermal Bath.

The reconstruction of the pools of the swimming section, their equipment with
water filtering and circulation devices was completed in 1999.
The so-called fancy bath includes a whirling corridor, underwater effervescence production, neck shower, water beam back massage installed in the sitting
banks and many other services.

 Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath
Szechenyi Thermal Bath

 Budapest_varme_kilder
Det er varmt vann utenfor badet også.

 Budapest_slottet_og_Donau
Slottsområdet i Buda, Castle Hill
                               Budapest_juletrikken
                                    Julepyntet trikk


 Budapest_konserthuset
Budapest is said to be the only real Danube capital as the river flows right
through the middle of the city. The bridges, the Parliament building and the
Royal Palace give Budapest an unparalleled atmosphere. We would like to
invite you to enjoy the river views during a romantic day time or an evening
cruise combined with a delicious lunch or dinner.
http://www.budapestdanubecruise.com/cruise-buffet.php


 Budapest_middagen
Middag ombord.
Fredag 9. desember 2016

 Budapest_little-princess_og_slottet

                                   Budapest_little_Princess_

The original 50 cm statuette of the Little Princess (Kiskirálylány) statue
sitting on the railings of the Danube promenade in Budapest, Hungary was
created by László Marton (1925–2008)
Munkácsy- and Kossuth Prize-winning sculptor in 1972.

The artist was inspired by his eldest daughter born from his first marriage.
She often played in the Tabán wearing a princess costume and a crown
made out of newspaper by her father, and at home as well, pretending her
bathrobes were a mantle. This image prompted her father, the artist in the
creation of this little statue.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Princess_Statue

Chain Bridge was the first permanent
bridge between Buda and Pest.
Prior to the Chain Bridge’s construction,
there was a pontoon bridge from spring
to autumn.
As the crossing was not always possible. People got oftentimes stuck on one side.
Count Istvan Szechenyi got stuck on
Buda side and he had to wait one week
to get to his father’s funeral.
This was one of his reasons to urge the
bridge building between Buda and Pest.
 
(27. mars 2020)

http://budapestdanube.com/chain-bridge-budapest/
Budapest_Szecheny_broa

 Budapest_Szecheny_broa
The bridge has received the lions at each of the abutments in 1852,
the stone lions were carved by Janos Marschalko.

Budapest_bergbanen_Margit
Budapest_Szecheny_broa_mutter
The Funicular Railway in Budapest is a 19th century nostalgia cable car on
the side of the Buda Castle Hill, which will take you from the Chain Bridge
up to the top of the Castle Hill, right next the Royal Palace and the Hungarian Presidential Palace in the Buda Castle District. 
(27. mars 2020)
http://attractions.topbudapest.org/fun/funicular-railway-budapest/

 Budapest_Szecheny_broa.
I bakgrunnen:
The Parliament building, a magnificent example of Neo-Gothic architecture,
is just over 100 years old. It's the third largest Parliament building in the world,
and is also home to the Hungarian Crown Jewels. Tours are available when the
National Assembly is not in session.


 Budapest_Szecheny_broa

 Budapest_Szecheny_broa
Budapest
Så var det slutt på miniferien til Budapest.
Bare hjem reisen sto igjen.


The Parliament Building is built in the Gothic Revival style; it has a symmetrical
façade and a central dome. The dome is Renaissance Revival architecture.
The parliament is also largely symmetrical from the inside, with two identical
parliament halls on the opposing sides of the building.
One of the two halls is still in use today for sessions of the Hungarian National
Assembly, the other for ceremonies, conferences, and guided tours.
It is 268 m (879 ft) long and 123 m (404 ft) wide.
Its interior includes 10 courtyards, 13 passengers and freight elevators, 27 gates, 29 staircases and 691 rooms (which includes more than 200 offices).
With its height of 96 m (315 ft), it is one of the two tallest buildings in Budapest,
 along with Saint Stephen's Basilica.
The number 96 refers to the nation's millennium, 1896, and the conquest of the later Kingdom of Hungary in 896. It is free to enter before 8 am. 
(27. mars 2020)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungarian_Parliament_Building
Tekst: Grete og internett
Bilder: Grete og Karl Martin
9.1.2017


Tilbake til 1. side