Budapest 6-9 desember  2016

bilder

med Escape travel
reiseleder: Istvan Aranyi


Budapest er hovedstad i Ungarn og landets økonomiske, industrielle, politiske og kulturelle sentrum.
Opprinnelig var Budapest to byer på hver side av Donau, Buda og Pest (uttales Pesjt på ungarsk).
De to byene ble slått sammen i 1873. Med sin historie og gamle arkitektur er byen et svært interessant reisemål.
Byen har gjennomgått mye uroligheter gjennom tidene – ikke minst mot slutten av andre verdenskrig,
da mer enn 80 % av bygningene ble mer eller mindre ødelagt under de langvarige kampene under slaget om Budapest.

Romerne grunnla byen Aquincum i år 89, der en keltisk by tidligere hadde ligget. Fra år 106 til det 4. århundre var Aquincum hovedstaden
i den romerske provinsen Pannonia. Contra Aquincum (eller Trans Aquincum) var det nåværende Pest.


Omkring år 900 kom magyarene, forfedrene til de moderne ungarerne, til området. I middelalderen ble de to byene Buda og Pest viktige.
Buda ble sete for et kongelig slott i 1247, og i 1361 ble byen Ungarns hovedstad. Pest ble ødelagt av mongolene i 1241, men ble raskt gjenreist igen.

Det osmanske rikes erobring av Ungarn i det 16. århundre stanset byenes vekst: Pest falt til osmanerne i 1526, og Buda falt 15 år senere.
Buda ble hovedstad for en osmansk guvernør, mens Pest ble forlatt før habsburgerne inntok byen i 1686.

Det var Pest, hjemsted for administrasjon siden 1723, som vokste hurtigst i 18. og 19. århundre. I 1800 var Pest større enn Buda og Obuda til sammen.
Pests befolkning vokste med 20 ganger gjennom det 19. århundre, til 600.000 innbyggere, mens Buda og Óbudas befolkning ble kun 4 ganger
større fram til 1900.

Sammenslåingen av de tre byene under én kommunal ledelse ble først gjennomført av den revolusjonære ungarske regjeringen i 1849, deretter
ble dette omgjort av den habsburgske ledelsen, men ble til slutt slått fast av den ungarske kongelige regjeringen, etablert ved det
østerriksk-ungarske Ausgleich-kompromisset av 1867.
Befolkningen i den nye byen, Budapest, vokste 7 ganger i størrelse i periodeBudapest var en riktig imperial by, ved at byen var hovedstad i den
ungarske delen av Østerrike-Ungarn.
Den ungarske regjeringen var en viktig del av keiserrikets styre. Mange av byens store bygninger stammer fra det 19. århundre.n 1840 til 1900,
da den nådde 730.000.

https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budapest

tilbake til 1. side


bilder fra turen

Tirsdag 6. desember 2016

 Budapest
 Budapest_Zenit-hotel
Resepsjonen på Zenit hotel, Budapest

http://budapest.zenithoteles.com/en
Budapest_Zenit-hotel
På rommet var det satt
fram
et deilig fruktfat.

Etter innsjekking gikk vi en liten runde i nærområdet sammen med
vikarguide Gyorgyi Zahorak.
Et av de store julemarkedene i byen lå like ved hotellet, så lenger
enn det kom vi ikke.
Vi måtte ha litt mat også før vi skulle i operaen


 Budapest_julemarked
Karl Martin i gågata. Et av de store julemarkedene ligger like bak ham.
Budapest_julemarked
Grete er klar for julemarked.
Kommer du til Budapest og ønsker
å få med deg julemarkedene?
Det har du god grunn til,
for i Budapest har de noen av de flotteste julemarkedene i hele Europa.
Det er selvfølgelig svært subjektivt
når vi sier at julemarkedene i Budapest
er blant de beste i Europa, men i flere og
flere artikler som blir publisert i aviser
og på internett framhever de markedene
i
Budapest som spesielt trivelige, blant
annet på grunn av den flotte belysningen
de har på kveldstid, men også spesielt
fordi de har mange sitteplasser der man
kan sitte og nyte god
mat etter lang og
slitsom shopping. 
http://www.budapestungarn.no/aktiviteter/julemarked

 



Budapest_opera
Budapest_opera
The opera house in Budapest stands as one of the most beautiful Neo-Renaissance
buildings in Europe. When it was opened in 1884, the city shared the administrative
duties of the Austro-Hungarian Empire with Vienna. In fact, Emperor Franz Joseph
commissioned its design. Construction included the use of marble and frescos by some
of the best artisans of that era. Designed by Miklós Ybl, one of Europe's leading
architects
in the mid to late 19th century, the Budapest Opera House quickly became
one of the most
prestigious musical institutions in Europe. Many important artists
performed here, including
Gustav Mahler, who was also the director for three seasons.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/budapest-opera-house/
Budapest_opera
Vi så operaen Karmelittsøstrene:

Dialogues des Carmélites (Dialogues of the
Carmelites) is a French opera in three acts,
divided into twelve scenes with linking
orchestral interludes, with music and
libretto by Francis Poulenc, completed in
1956. The composer's second opera,
Poulenc wrote the libretto after the work of
the same name by Georges Bernanos.
The opera tells a fictionalised version of the
story of the Martyrs of Compiègne,
Carmelite nuns who, in 1794 during the
closing days of the Reign of Terror during
the French Revolution, were
guillotined in Paris for refusing to
renounce their vocation.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dialogues_of_the_Carmelites




The Budapest Opera House is considered to be amongst the best opera houses in the
world in terms of its acoustics, and has an auditorium that seats 1200 people. It is
horseshoe-shaped and, according to measurements done by a group of international
engineers, has the third best acoustics amongst similar European venues (after the Scala
in Milan and the Paris Opera House).
The statue of Ferenc Erkel stands in front of the

 Budapest_operahuset
 
Opera House. He was the composer of the Hungarian national anthem and the first
music director of the Opera. The other statue in front of the Budapest Opera is of
Ferenc Liszt, the well-known Hungarian composer.

http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/budapest-opera-house/

Onsdag 7. desember 2016

Budapest_Heltenes_plass
Budapest_Heltenes_plass


The Heroes’ square
 is one of the most visited sights of the Hungarian capital, i is
situated in front of the
 City Park, at the end of the Andrássy Avenue, one of the most
important streets of Budapest, a
 World Heritage site.
The millenial monument was built in 1896 to commemorate the 1000th anniversary
of the arrival of Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin. The monument consists of two semi-circles on the top of which the symbols of War and Peace, Work and Wellfare,

Budapest_Heltenes_plass
In the middle of Heroes' square
stands a 36 metres high corinthian
column with the statue of Archangel
Gabriel on the top, the symbol of the
Roman Catholic religion. At the
pedestal the equestrian statues
commemorate Árpád and the seven chieftains of the Hungarian tribes,
who settled their people in the present territory of Hungary. His decendants formed the Hungarian royal dinasty.
http://www.budapestinfo.org/herossquare.html
Budapest_Heltenes_plass

Knowledge and Glory can be seen.  The niches are decorated by the statues of kings, governors and famous characters of the Hungarian history. At the foot of each statue
a small relief depicts the most important moment of the life of the personality.
http://www.budapestinfo.org/herossquare.html

 Budapest_Heltenes_plass

 Budapest_Heltenes_plass

 Budapest_skoytebane
The lake in front of Vajdahunyad Castle is used for boating in the summer and is
transformed into Europe's largest outdoor ice-skating rink in the winter.
Imagine skating at the foot of a Romanesque, Gothic,
Renaissance and Baroque castle - all at once.
http://visitbudapest.travel/activities/fun-things-to-do/ice-skating-in-budapest/
Budapest_Steffansdomen
Budapest_Steffansdomen
St. Stefans katedralen.
Julekrybben var ved inngangen til katedralen.


 Budapest_SteffansdomenSt. St. Stefans katedralen

 Budapest_Steffansdomen
The dome is 96 meters high, the exact same height as the Budapest Parliament Building.
In fact current building regulations stipulate that no other structure in Budapest can be
taller than 96 meters. Having the same height as the Parliament also symbolizes the
balance between church and state in Hungary.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/st-stephens-basilica/
St. Stephen’s Basilica is the largest church in Budapest and can hold up to
8,500 people. Although in architectural terms it’s a cathedral, it was given the
title
of ‘basilica minor’ by Pope Pius XI in 1931. It took more than 50 years to
build the
Basilica. Building commenced in 1851, and the inauguration ceremony
took place in
1906 and was attended by Emperor Franz Joseph.

During its construction, in 1868 the
dome collapsed and rebuilding it had to
start almost from scratch, which explains the
delay in the Basilica's completion.
Architect Jozsef Hild who drafted the original
plans and supervised the
construction died in 1867.

Miklós Ybl, one of Europe's
leading architects in the mid to late 19th century,
who also designed the
 Opera House, took over.
When the dome collapsed in 1868, Ybl had to draft new plans.

Unfortunately Ybl didn’t live to see the completion of the Basilica as he passed
away in 1891, however work was finished according to his plans.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/st-stephens-basilica/
Budapest_Steffansdomen_Szent_jobb_Kapolna
The patron saint of the church is
St. Stephen, the first king of
Hungary.
His mummified right hand is
kept in a glass case in the chapel
to the left of the main altar.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/st-stephens-basilica/


 Budapest_Steffansdomen_fra_kirketrappa
From Advent to New Year the square in front of the Basilica gives home to a charming
Christmas fair (also known as Advent by the Basilica). There's an ice-rink in the middle
surrounded by a number of vendors selling Christmas-themed arts and crafts, mulled
wine, pálinka, fried sausages and other tasty fares. Advent candles are lit each Sunday.
The ice-rink is small, but if you feel like hitting the ice during the holiday season,
 it's the perfect place to be. http://visitbudapest.travel/budapest-events/christmas-fair-by-the-basilica/


 Budapest_julemarked
Julemarkedet ved St. Stefans-katedralen
Budapest_julemarked
Budapest_julemarked
Julemarkedet ved St. Stefans-katedralen

 Budapest_julemarked

 Budapest_julemarked

 Budapest_julemarked
Det er mye godt å spise og drikke på markedet.

 Budapest_Donau_med_Steffansdomen

The Danube (/ˈdænjuːb/ dan-ewb, known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second-longest river, after the Volga River, and also the longest river in the
European Union
 region. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe.

The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire, and today
flows through 10 countries, more than any other river in the world



 Budapest_Donau_med_Parlamentet
Originating in Germany, the Danube flows southeast for 2,860 km (1,780 mi),
passing through or touching the border of Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria,
Moldova and Ukraine before emptying into the Black Sea.
Its drainage basin extends into nine more countries.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danube
The first citizens arrived to Castle Hill in the 13th century after the Mongolian invasion, seeking protection in the hills of Buda. The first royal castle was built
around this time. The golden age of Castle Hill was in the 15th century, following
the marriage of King Matthias Corvinus and Beatrix of Naples in 1476.

Many Italian artists and craftsmen accompanied the new queen, and Buda
became an important European city. After the Turkish occupation,
Buda was in ruins. A Baroque city was built, and Castle Hill soon became the
district of government. During World War II, Buda was bombed to the ground
and had to be rebuilt again. http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/buda-castle-hill/

 Budapest_slottet_med_hestepasseren
The once famous Medieval palace,
built from the 13th to the 16th century,
has a varied history. The original castle
was destroyed during the liberation
of Buda from the Turks and then it
was replaced with a smaller Baroque
palace in the 18th century. Today,
the Royal Palace is home to the
Hungarian National
Gallery, the Budapest History
Museum and the National Library.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-
attractions/

Budapest_Buda
Budapest_Buda_Mattiaskirken
Budapest_Buda_ved_Mattiaskirken
The 700-year-old Matthias Church was
the scene of several coronations, including
that of Charles IV in 1916, the last
Habsburg king. It was also the site for
the great Hungarian King Matthias' two weddings, hence its name. The eastern
gate of the church was built in the 13th century. Today, Matthias Church
remains one of the city's most prominent buildings.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/



 Budapest_Buda_ved_Mattiaskirken
Fishermen's Bastion is one of the most fascinating sights on Castle Hill.
Although fishermen from Watertown (Víziváros) reputedly defended this
part of the city during the Middle Ages, Fishermen’s Bastion was built in
the 1890s and it’s purely decorative. Today, it's a favorite lookout.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/

 Budapest_Citadelle_Gellert-hoyden
Gellért Hill offers some of the best panoramic views of Budapest. Named after
bishop Gellért (Gerald), who was thrown to death from the hill by pagans in the
fight against Christianity in 1046. At the top of the hill is the Citadel (Citadella)
and Budapest's Statue of Liberty is also located here; you can see her from all
parts of the city - a statue of a woman holding a palm leaf.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/
Budapest_strudel_Strudel-house

A strudel (/ˈstrdəl/, German: [ˈʃtʁuːdəl]) is a
type of layered
 pastry with a filling that is usually sweet. It became popular in the 18th century
through the
 Habsburg Empire.
Strudel is
 Austrian cuisine.

The oldest strudel recipes (a Millirahmstrudel
and a turnip strudel) are from 1696, in a
handwritten cookbook at the
 Vienna City Library (formerly Wiener Stadtbibliothek).
The pastry descends from similar Near Eastern pastries (see
 baklava and Turkish cuisine
).  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strudel

Budapest_strudel_Strudel-house

Add strudel tasting to your Budapest
travel program and learn about the secrets
of traditional strudel making in the First Strudel House of Pest Cafe & Restaurant housed in a historic building in the city center.  http://www.budapestbylocals.com/strudel-tasting-in-budapest.html




 Budapest_julemarked

 Budapest_julemarked
Et av de mindre julemarkedene

 Budapest_julekrybbe
Budapest_by_night
Trafikken er stor, og det tar lang
tid å komme fram med bil.

Med metro går det fortere,
og det er gratis for dem over 65 år.

De store (og mange mindre) gatene
er fint pyntet i desembler.

Det kommer ikke så godt fram på dette bildet, men også denne gata var fint
opplyst.


Under:
Vörösmarty Square, located in the heart of Budapest, is always busy.
This is where the famous Gerbeaud Café can be found, as well as the first
station of the Millennium Underground. Váci Street also starts here.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/

 Budapest_julegate
Veien fører til Vörösmarty.

 Budapest_Vorosmarty

Vörösmarty

Torsdag 8. desember 2016
Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath
http://www.szechenyibath.hu/
Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath

The Széchenyi Thermal Bath is o­ne of the largest spa complexes in Europe. It's also the first
thermal bath of Pest. It owes its existence to Vilmos Zsigmondy, a mining engineer. o­n his
initiative, successful deep borings had been performed in the City Park, where later, in 1881
already an "Artesian bath" was in operation. However, this temporary type of bath was meeting
the demands of the age less and less, so the Széchenyi Thermal Bath was built in 1913 o­n the basis
of plans composed by Gyozo Czigler. The Bath was expanded in 1927 with a public bathing
department for gentlemen and ladies and a beach site. In the middle of the 1960s, further
transformations took place, including the creation of a group thermal section in bathing suits
as well as a daytime outpatient hospital (complex physiotherapy department).
Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath
Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath

Grete slapper av i Palmehaven på
Szechenyi Thermal Bath.

The reconstruction of the pools of the swimming section, their equipment with water filtering
and circulation devices was completed in 1999. The so-called fancy bath includes a whirling
corridor, underwater effervescence production, neck shower, water beam back massage
installed in the sitting banks and many other services.

 Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath
Szechenyi Thermal Bath

 Budapest_varme_kilder
Det er varmt vann utenfor badet også.

 Budapest_slottet_og_Donau
Slottsområdet i Buda.
                               Budapest_juletrikken
                                    Julepyntet trikk


 Budapest_konserthuset
Budapest is said to be the only real Danube capital as the river flows right through
the middle of the city. The bridges, the Parliament building and the Royal Palace
give Budapest an unparalleled atmosphere. We would like to invite you to enjoy the river views during a romantic day time or an evening cruise combined with a
delicious lunch or dinner. tekst fra http://www.budapestdanubecruise.com/cruise-buffet.php


 Budapest_middagen
Middag ombord.
Fredag 9. desember 2016

 Budapest_little-princess_og_slottet

                                   Budapest_little_Princess_

The original 50 cm statuette of the Little Princess (Kiskirálylány) statue sitting on
the railings of the Danube promenade in
 Budapest, Hungary was created by László Marton (1925–2008) Munkácsy- and Kossuth Prize-winning sculptor in 1972.

The artist was inspired by his eldest daughter born from his first marriage.
She often played in the Tabán wearing a princess costume and a crown made
out of newspaper by her father, and at home as well, pretending her bathrobes
were a mantle. This image prompted her father, the artist in the creation of this
little statue. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Princess_Statue



The Chain Bridge was the first bridge to permanently connect Buda and Pest.
At the time of its completion,
Chain Bridge was considered to be
one of the wonders of the world. Chief engineer Adam Clark completed the
span in 1849. Crossing the bridge is
just a short walk and no matter which direction you go, the view is beautiful.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/

Budapest_Szecheny_broa

 Budapest_Szecheny_broa
Budapest_bergbanen_Margit
Budapest_Szecheny_broa_mutter
It's a short ride up to Castle Hill, about three minutes, but it offers great
panoramic views and it's also a lot of fun. The Funicular (or Sikló, as it is called in Hungarian) first opened in 1870, and it was designed to provide a cheap commute
for the clerks working in the Castle District. Once you have reached the top,
Castle Hill offers many nearby sights worth visiting. http://visitbudapest.travel/activities/fun-things-to-do/castle-hill-funicular/

 


 Budapest_Szecheny_broa.
I bakgrunnen:
The Parliament building, a magnificent example of Neo-Gothic architecture,
is just over 100 years old. It's the third largest Parliament building in the world,
and is also home to the Hungarian Crown Jewels. Tours are available when the
National Assembly is not in session. http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/


 Budapest_Szecheny_broa

 Budapest_Szecheny_broa
Budapest
Så var det slutt på miniferien til Budapest.
Bare hjem reisen sto igjen.



Tekst: Grete og internett
Bilder: Grete og Karl Martin
9.1.2017