Budapest 6-9 desember  2016

endringer 19.8.2019
Grete Emblemsvåg


bilder

med Escape travel
reiseleder: Istvan Aranyi


Budapest er hovedstad i Ungarn og landets økonomiske, industrielle, politiske og kulturelle sentrum.
Opprinnelig var Budapest to byer på hver side av Donau, Buda og Pest (uttales Pesjt på ungarsk).
De to byene ble slått sammen i 1873. Med sin historie og gamle arkitektur er byen et svært interessant reisemål.
Byen har gjennomgått mye uroligheter gjennom tidene – ikke minst mot slutten av andre verdenskrig,
da mer enn 80 % av bygningene ble mer eller mindre ødelagt under de langvarige kampene under slaget om
Budapest.


Romerne grunnla byen Aquincum i år 89, der en keltisk by tidligere hadde ligget. Fra år 106 til det 4. århundre var
Aquincum hovedstaden i den romerske provinsen Pannonia. Contra Aquincum (eller Trans Aquincum) var det
nåværende Pest.

Omkring år 900 kom magyarene, forfedrene til de moderne ungarerne, til området. I middelalderen ble de to byene
Buda og Pest viktige.
Buda ble sete for et kongelig slott i 1247, og i 1361 ble byen Ungarns hovedstad.
Pest ble ødelagt av mongolene i 1241, men ble raskt gjenreist igen.


Det osmanske rikes erobring av Ungarn i det 16. århundre stanset byenes vekst:
Pest falt til osmanerne i 1526, og Buda falt 15 år senere.
Buda ble hovedstad for en osmansk guvernør, mens Pest ble forlatt før habsburgerne inntok byen i 1686.


Det var Pest, hjemsted for administrasjon siden 1723, som vokste hurtigst i 18. og 19. århundre.
I 1800 var Pest større enn Buda og Obuda til sammen.
Pests befolkning vokste med 20 ganger gjennom det 19. århundre, til 600.000 innbyggere,
mens Buda og Óbudas befolkning ble kun 4 ganger større fram til 1900.


Sammenslåingen av de tre byene under én kommunal ledelse ble først gjennomført av den revolusjonære ungarske
regjeringen i 1849, deretter ble dette omgjort av den habsburgske ledelsen, men ble til slutt slått fast av den ungarske
kongelige regjeringen, etablert ved det østerriksk-ungarske Ausgleich-kompromisset av 1867.
Befolkningen i den nye byen, Budapest, vokste 7 ganger i størrelse i periodeBudapest var en riktig imperial by,
ved at byen var hovedstad i den ungarske delen av Østerrike-Ungarn.
Den ungarske regjeringen var en viktig del av keiserrikets styre.
Mange av byens store bygninger stammer fra det 19. århundre.n 1840 til 1900, da den nådde 730.000.

https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budapest

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bilder fra turen

Tirsdag 6. desember 2016

 Budapest
 
Budapest_Zenit-hotel
Resepsjonen på Zenit hotel, Budapest
http://budapest.zenithoteles.com/en
Budapest_Zenit-hotel
På rommet var det
satt fram
et deilig fruktfat.

Etter innsjekking gikk vi en liten runde i nærområdet
sammen med vikarguide Gyorgyi Zahorak.
Et av de store julemarkedene i byen lå like ved hotellet,
så lenger enn det kom vi ikke.
Vi måtte ha litt mat også før vi skulle i operaen


 Budapest_julemarked
Karl Martin i gågata. Et av de store julemarkedene ligger like bak ham.
Budapest_julemarked
Grete er klar for julemarked.
Kommer du til Budapest og ønsker
å få med deg julemarkedene?
Det har du god grunn til, for i
Budapest har de noen av de flotteste julemarkedene i hele Europa.
Det er selvfølgelig svært subjektivt
når vi sier at julemarkedene i
Budapest er blant de beste i Europa,
men i flere og flere artikler som blir publisert i aviser og på internett framhever de markedene i
Budapest
som spesielt trivelige, blant annet på grunn av den flotte belysningen
de har på kveldstid, men også spesielt
fordi de har mange sitteplasser der
man kan sitte og nyte god
mat etter
lang og slitsom shopping. 

http://www.budapestungarn.no/aktiviteter/julemarked

 



Budapest_opera
Budapest_opera
The opera house in Budapest stands as one of the most beautiful Neo-Renaissance
buildings in Europe. When it was opened in 1884, the city shared the administrative
duties of the Austro-Hungarian Empire with Vienna. In fact, Emperor Franz Joseph
commissioned its design. Construction included the use of marble and frescos by some
of the best artisans of that era. Designed by Miklós Ybl, one of Europe's leading
architects
in the mid to late 19th century, the Budapest Opera House quickly became
one of the most
prestigious musical institutions in Europe. Many important artists
performed here, including
Gustav Mahler, who was also the director for three seasons.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/budapest-opera-house/

Budapest_opera
Vi så operaen Karmelittsøstrene:
Dialogues des Carmélites
 (Dialogues of the Carmelites) is a French opera in three acts, divided
into twelve scenes with linking
orchestral interludes, with music and
libretto by Francis Poulenc, completed
in 1956. The composer's second opera,
Poulenc wrote the libretto after the
work of the same name by Georges
Bernanos. The opera tells a fictionalised version of the story of the Martyrs of Compiègne, Carmelite nuns who, in 1794 during the closing days of the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution,
were guillotined in Paris for refusing
to renounce their vocation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dialogues_of_the_C
armelites

The Budapest Opera House is considered to be amongst the best opera houses
in the world in terms of its acoustics, and has an auditorium that seats
1200 people. It is horseshoe-shaped and, according to measurements done by
a group of international engineers, has the third best acoustics amongst similar European venues (after the Scala in Milan and the Paris Opera House).
The statue of Ferenc Erkel stands in front of the Opera House.

 Budapest_operahuset
He was the composer of the Hungarian national anthem and the first
music director of the Opera. The other statue in front of the Budapest
Opera is of Ferenc Liszt, the well-known Hungarian composer.

http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/budapest-opera-house/

Onsdag 7. desember 2016

Budapest_Heltenes_plass
Budapest_Heltenes_plass
Laid out in 1896 to mark the thousandth anniversary of Hungary,
Heroes' Square (Hősök tere) is the largest and most impressive square of the city. Located at the end of Andrássy Avenue and next to City Park, Heroes’ Square is
one of the most visited sights in Budapest. Surrounded by two important buildings, Museum of Fine Arts on the left and Kunsthalle (Hall of Art)
on the right, Heroes’ Square is also a station of the Millennium Underground.

The Millennium Monument in the middle of the square was erected to
commemorate the 1000-year-old history of the Magyars.
Budapest_Heltenes_plass
Archangel Gabriel stands on top of the
center pillar, holding the holy crown and
the double cross of Christianity.
The seven chieftains who led the Magyar
tribes to Hungary can be seen on the stand below. Statues of kings and other important historical figures stand on top of the colonnades on either side of the center
pillar.
When the monument was originally
co
Austro-Hungarian Empire and thus
the last five spaces for statues on the left
of
nstructed, Hungary was part of the
Budapest_Heltenes_plass
the colonnade were reserved for members
of the ruling Habsburg dynasty.
The Habsburg emperors were replaced with Hungarian freedom fighters when the monument was rebuilt after World War II.
In 1989 a crowd of 250,000 gathered at
the square for the reburial of Imre Nagy, former Prime Minister of Hungary, who
was executed in 1958.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-
attractions/heroes-square/

 Budapest_Heltenes_plass

 Budapest_Heltenes_plass

 Budapest_skoytebane
The lake in front of Vajdahunyad Castle is used for boating in the summer and
is transformed into Europe's largest outdoor ice-skating rink in the winter.
Imagine skating at the foot of a Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque
castle - all at once.

http://visitbudapest.travel/activities/fun-things-to-do/ice-skating-in-budapest/
Budapest_Steffansdomen
Budapest_Steffansdomen
St. Stefans katedralen.
Julekrybben var ved inngangen til katedralen.


 Budapest_SteffansdomenSt. St. Stefans katedralen

 Budapest_Steffansdomen
The dome is 96 meters high, the exact same height as the Budapest Parliament
Building. In fact current building regulations stipulate that no other structure in
Budapest can be taller than 96 meters. Having the same height as the Parliament
also symbolizes the balance between church and state in Hungary.

http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/st-stephens-basilica/
St. Stephen’s Basilica is the largest church in Budapest and can hold up to
8,500 people. Although in architectural terms it’s a cathedral, it was given the
title of ‘basilica minor’ by Pope Pius XI in 1931. It took more than 50 years to
build the Basilica. Building commenced in 1851, and the inauguration ceremony
took place in 1906 and was attended by Emperor Franz Joseph.

During its construction, in 1868 the dome collapsed and rebuilding it had to
start almost from scratch, which explains the delay in the Basilica's completion.
Architect Jozsef Hild who drafted the original plans and supervised the
construction died in 1867.

Miklós Ybl, one of Europe's leading architects in the mid to late 19th century,
who also designed the Opera House, took over.
When the dome collapsed in 1868, Ybl had to draft new plans.

Unfortunately Ybl didn’t live to see the completion of the Basilica as he
passed away in 1891, however work was finished according to his plans.

http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/st-stephens-basilica/
Budapest_Steffansdomen_Szent_jobb_Kapolna

The patron saint of the church
is St. Stephen, the first king of
Hungary.

His mummified right hand is
kept in a glass case in the chapel
to the left of the main altar.

http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-
attractions/st-stephens-basilica/


 Budapest_Steffansdomen_fra_kirketrappa
From Advent to New Year the square in front of the Basilica gives home to a
charming Christmas fair (also known as Advent by the Basilica).
There's an ice-rink in the middle surrounded by a number of vendors selling
Christmas-themed arts and crafts, mulled wine, pálinka, fried sausages and
other tasty fares. Advent candles are lit each Sunday.
The ice-rink is small, but if you feel like hitting the ice during the holiday
season, it's the perfect place to be.

http://visitbudapest.travel/budapest-events/christmas-fair-by-the-basilica/


 Budapest_julemarked
Julemarkedet ved St. Stefans-katedralen
Budapest_julemarked
Budapest_julemarked
Julemarkedet ved St. Stefans-katedralen

 Budapest_julemarked

 Budapest_julemarked

 Budapest_julemarked
Det er mye godt å spise og drikke på markedet.

 Budapest_Donau_med_Steffansdomen
The Danube (/ˈdænjuːb/ dan-ewb, known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second-longest river, after the Volga River, and also the longest river
in the
European Union region. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe.


The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire, and today
flows through 10 countries, more than any other river in the world



 Budapest_Donau_med_Parlamentet
Originating in Germany, the Danube flows southeast for 2,860 km (1,780 mi),
passing through or touching the border of Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria,
Moldova and Ukraine before emptying into the Black Sea.
Its drainage basin extends into nine more countries.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danube
The first citizens arrived to Castle Hill in the 13th century after the Mongolian invasion, seeking protection in the hills of Buda. The first royal castle was built
around this time. The golden age of Castle Hill was in the 15th century, following
the marriage of King Matthias Corvinus and Beatrix of Naples in 1476.

Many Italian artists and craftsmen accompanied the new queen, and Buda
became an important European city. After the Turkish occupation,
Buda was in ruins. A Baroque city was built, and Castle Hill soon became the
district of government. During World War II, Buda was bombed to the ground
and had to be rebuilt again.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/buda-castle-hill/

 Budapest_slottet_med_hestepasseren
The once famous Medieval palace,
built from the 13th to the
16th century, has a varied history.
The original castle was destroyed
during the liberation of Buda from
the Turks and then it was replaced
with a smaller Baroque palace in
the 18th century. Today, the Royal
Palace is home to the Hungarian
National Gallery, the Budapest
History Museum and the National
Library.

http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-
attractions/

Budapest_Buda
Budapest_Buda_Mattiaskirken
Budapest_Buda_ved_Mattiaskirken
The 700-year-old Matthias Church
was the scene of several coronations,
including that of Charles IV in 1916,
the last Habsburg king. It was also
the site for the great Hungarian King Matthias' two weddings, hence its name. The eastern gate of the church was built in the 13th century. Today, Matthias Church remains one of the city's most prominent buildings.

http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/



 Budapest_Buda_ved_Mattiaskirken
Fishermen's Bastion is one of the most fascinating sights on Castle Hill.
Although fishermen from Watertown (Víziváros) reputedly defended this
part of the city during the Middle Ages, Fishermen’s Bastion was built in
the 1890s and it’s purely decorative. Today, it's a favorite lookout.

http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/

 Budapest_Citadelle_Gellert-hoyden
Gellért Hill offers some of the best panoramic views of Budapest. Named after
bishop Gellért (Gerald), who was thrown to death from the hill by pagans in the
fight against Christianity in 1046. At the top of the hill is the Citadel (Citadella)
and Budapest's Statue of Liberty is also located here; you can see her from all
parts of the city - a statue of a woman holding a palm leaf.

http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/
Budapest_strudel_Strudel-house

A strudel (/ˈstruːdəl/, German: [ˈʃtʁuːdəl])
is a type of layered pastry with a filling
that is usually sweet. It became popular
in the 18th century through the
Habsburg Empire.
Strudel is Austrian cuisine.

The oldest strudel recipes (a Millirahmstrudel
and a turnip strudel) are from 1696, in a
handwritten cookbook at the Vienna City Library (formerly Wiener Stadtbibliothek).
The pastry descends from similar Near Eastern pastries (see baklava and Turkish cuisine). 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strudel

Budapest_strudel_Strudel-house

Add strudel tasting to your Budapest
travel program and learn about the
secrets of traditional strudel making
in the First Strudel House of Pest
Cafe & Restaurant housed in a
historic building in the city center. 

http://www.budapestbylocals.com/strudel-tasting-in-budapest.html




 Budapest_julemarked

 Budapest_julemarked
Et av de mindre julemarkedene

 Budapest_julekrybbe
Budapest_by_night
Trafikken er stor, og det tar lang
tid å komme fram med bil.

Med metro går det fortere,
og det er gratis for dem over 65 år.

De store (og mange mindre) gatene
er fint pyntet i desembler.

Det kommer ikke så godt fram på
dette bildet, men også denne gata
var fint opplyst.


Under:
Vörösmarty Square, located in the heart of Budapest, is always busy.
This is where the famous Gerbeaud Café can be found, as well as the first
station of the Millennium Underground. Váci Street also starts here.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/

 Budapest_julegate
Veien fører til Vörösmarty.

 Budapest_Vorosmarty

Vörösmarty

Torsdag 8. desember 2016
Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath
http://www.szechenyibath.hu/
Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath
The Széchenyi Thermal Bath is o­ne of the largest spa complexes in Europe.
It's also the first thermal bath of Pest. It owes its existence to Vilmos Zsigmondy,
a mining engineer. o­n his initiative, successful deep borings had been performed
in the City Park, where later, in 1881 already an "Artesian bath" was in
operation. However, this temporary type of bath was meeting the demands of
the age less and less, so the Széchenyi Thermal Bath was built in 1913 o­n the
basis of plans composed by Gyozo Czigler. The Bath was expanded in 1927 with
a public bathing department for gentlemen and ladies and a beach site.
In the middle of the 1960s, further transformations took place, including the
creation of a group thermal section in bathing suits as well as a daytime
outpatient hospital (complex physiotherapy department).

Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath
Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath

Grete slapper av i Palmehaven
på Szechenyi Thermal Bath.

The reconstruction of the pools of the swimming section, their equipment with
water filtering and circulation devices was completed in 1999.
The so-called fancy bath includes a whirling corridor, underwater effervescence production, neck shower, water beam back massage installed in the sitting
banks and many other services.

 Budapest_Szechenyi_Thermal_Bath
Szechenyi Thermal Bath

 Budapest_varme_kilder
Det er varmt vann utenfor badet også.

 Budapest_slottet_og_Donau
Slottsområdet i Buda, Castle Hill
                               Budapest_juletrikken
                                    Julepyntet trikk


 Budapest_konserthuset
Budapest is said to be the only real Danube capital as the river flows right
through the middle of the city. The bridges, the Parliament building and the
Royal Palace give Budapest an unparalleled atmosphere. We would like to
invite you to enjoy the river views during a romantic day time or an evening
cruise combined with a delicious lunch or dinner.
http://www.budapestdanubecruise.com/cruise-buffet.php


 Budapest_middagen
Middag ombord.
Fredag 9. desember 2016

 Budapest_little-princess_og_slottet

                                   Budapest_little_Princess_

The original 50 cm statuette of the Little Princess (Kiskirálylány) statue sitting on
the railings of the Danube promenade in
 Budapest, Hungary was created by László Marton (1925–2008) Munkácsy- and Kossuth Prize-winning sculptor in 1972.

The artist was inspired by his eldest daughter born from his first marriage.
She often played in the Tabán wearing a princess costume and a crown made
out of newspaper by her father, and at home as well, pretending her bathrobes
were a mantle. This image prompted her father, the artist in the creation of this
little statue.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Princess_Statue



The Chain Bridge was the first bridge to permanently connect Buda and Pest.
At the time of its completion,
Chain Bridge was considered to be
one of the wonders of the world. Chief engineer Adam Clark completed the
span in 1849. Crossing the bridge is
just a short walk and no matter which direction you go, the view is beautiful.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/

Budapest_Szecheny_broa

 Budapest_Szecheny_broa
Budapest_bergbanen_Margit
Budapest_Szecheny_broa_mutter
It's a short ride up to Castle Hill, about three minutes, but it offers great
panoramic views and it's also a lot of fun. The Funicular
(or Sikló, as it is called in Hungarian) first opened in 1870, and it was
designed to provide a cheap commute for the clerks working in the
Castle District. Once you have reached the top,
Castle Hill offers many nearby sights worth visiting.
http://visitbudapest.travel/activities/fun-things-to-do/castle-hill-funicular/

 


 Budapest_Szecheny_broa.
I bakgrunnen:
The Parliament building, a magnificent example of Neo-Gothic architecture,
is just over 100 years old. It's the third largest Parliament building in the world,
and is also home to the Hungarian Crown Jewels. Tours are available when the
National Assembly is not in session.
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-attractions/


 Budapest_Szecheny_broa

 Budapest_Szecheny_broa
Budapest
Så var det slutt på miniferien til Budapest.
Bare hjem reisen sto igjen.



Tekst: Grete og internett
Bilder: Grete og Karl Martin
9.1.2017


Tilbake til 1. side