til 1. side
Resepsjonen på Zenit hotel, Budapest
sammen med vikarguide Gyorgyi Zahorak.
Et av de store julemarkedene i byen lå like ved hotellet,
så lenger enn det kom vi ikke.
Vi måtte ha litt mat også før vi skulle i operaen
Karl Martin i gågata. Et av de store julemarkedene ligger like bak ham.
is located in central Pest. It was built according to the Neo-Renaissance style, a
movement that developed in the XIX century along with Neo-Classicism and
Neo-Gothic based on the Renaissance Architecture.
The Budapest Opera House officially opened its doors on
September 27th 1884; at that time it had 1.310 seats.
https://www.budapest.org/en/budapest-opera-house/ (27. mars 2020)
It is a richly-decorated building and is considered one of the architect's
It was built in neo-Renaissance style, with elements of baroque.
Ornamentation includes paintings and sculptures by leading figures of
Hungarian art of the time including Bertalan Székely, Mór Than
and Károly Lotz.
Although in size and capacity it is not among the greatest,
in beauty and the quality of acoustics the Budapest Opera House
is considered to be amongst the first few opera houses in the world.
The auditorium holds 1261 seats. It is horseshoe shaped
and – according to measurements done in the 1970s by a group of
international engineers – has the 3rd best acoustics in Europe
after La Scala in Milan and the Palais Garnier in Paris. (27. mars 2020)
Hősök tere (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈhøːʃøk ˈtɛrɛ]; Heroes' Square)
is one of the major squares in Budapest, Hungary, noted for its iconic
statue complex featuring the Seven chieftains of the Magyars and other
important Hungarian national leaders, as well as the Memorial Stone of
Heroes, often erroneously referred as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
The square lies at the outbound end of Andrássy Avenue next to City Park
(Városliget). It hosts the Museum of Fine Arts and the Műcsarnok.
The square has played an important part in contemporary Hungarian
history and has been a host to many political events, such as the reburial
of Imre Nagy in 1989.
The sculptures were made by sculptor Zala György from Lendava.
The huge open air Ice Rink of Budapest is on the top 10 list of Lonely Planet
as one of the best places in Europe in winter time, paired with a warm bath
in the Budapest baths, and a visit to the cool and hip ruin bars, some of the
best bars in Budapest. (27. mars 2020)
St. Stefans katedralen.
Julekrybben var ved inngangen til katedralen.
St. Stefans katedralen
Just like the Hungarian Parliament Building, the Basilica is one of the tallest
buildings of Budapest with its 96 meters.
Back in the days this equality symbolized the same importance of the laical
and spiritual power within the city.
Stephen’s Basilica, in Hungarian Szent
István-Bazilika, is a catholic
basilica located in the center of Budapest. At first the structure was supposed
to be named after Saint Leopold, the patron of Austria, but the plan was
changed and the church was named after Stephen, the first king of Hungary,
whose alleged right hand is supposed to be preserved in the reliquary of the
Today St.Stephens’s Basilica represents the third largest church in Hungary.
Many sculptors have contributed to the inner decoration of St. Stephen’s
Basilica: more than 50 different types of marble were used to shape a
number of sculptures. -
A little bit of history
The site where today St. Stephen’s Basilica is constructed was a theater
in the 18° century.
This theater, called Hetz-Theater, used to host animal fights.
During those times a wealthy man called Janos Zitterbarth financed the
construction of a temporary church right inside the structure.
At the beginning of 1800, a few hundred people created the Lipótváros
Parish. They started the fundraising to build a permanent church,
which now is St.Stephen’s Church.
The church was completed in 1905, after 54 years of constructions.
The works were started by the architect Miklós Ybl and completed by
The delay was due to the collapse of a dome in 1868, which required
the complete demolition of some of the areas that had been built until
that moment, and which were rebuild from scratches. (27. mars 2020)
it out for a walk.
The occasion is Saint Stephen’s Day, a day dedicated to celebrating the founder
of the Hungarian nation. Curiously, St. Stephen, or a least a part of him, faithfully
attends his celebration every year.
The Holy Right is the right fist of St. Stephen himself and his relic leads the
parade each year. (27. mars 2020)
The Christmas market on St Stephen’s Square is right in front of the beautiful
St Stephen’s Basilica which is one of the tallest buildings on the Pest side of
Budapest, and one of the biggest churches in Hungary.
The first Advent Fair in front of the basilica was held in 2011, organised by
the National Association of Folk Artists. (27. mars 2020)
Read more at: https://dailynewshungary.com/christmas-markets-of-budapest-in-detail-st-stephens-basilica-photos/
Julemarkedet ved St. Stefans-katedralen
Det er mye godt å spise og drikke på markedet.
The Danube (/ˈdænjuːb/ dan-ewb, known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second-longest river, after the Volga River, and also the longest river
in the European Union region. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe.
The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire, and today
flows through 10 countries, more than any other river in the world.
Originating in Germany, the Danube flows southeast for 2,860 km (1,780 mi),
passing through or touching the border of Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria,
Moldova and Ukraine before emptying into the Black Sea.
Its drainage basin extends into nine more countries.
first castle built on Castle Hill was meant to
provide protection against
the Mongols and the Tartars. This castle was constructed in the 13th century.
In the 14th century, the Duke of Slavonia built the oldest part of the
current-day castle, the foundations of the castle keep. In the late Middle Ages,
much of the castle was altered to suit the needs of King Sigismund, the Holy
Roman Empire. He required a large, fortified palace, and he increased its
strength and prominence to befit his role.
During his reign, it became the largest Gothic palace of the day.
palace was badly damaged in the 1500s when the Ottoman
besieged Budapest. Under Ottoman rule, the Gothic edifice was allowed to decay.
It was fully destroyed in 1686 when the territory was captured by Christian forces.
After this destruction, several palaces were built in its wake.
The first attempt was a small Baroque palace in 1715.
More construction took place in the mid-18th century,
under the guidance of Queen Maria Theresa. (27. mars 2020)
Buda Castle sits on the southern tip of Castle Hill, surrounded by the touristic area known as Várnegyed (Castle Quarter), which is famous for medieval, Baroque and Neoclassical houses, churches, public buildings, and monuments. The hill is linked to Clark Ádám Square and the Széchenyi Chain Bridge by the Castle Hill Funicular. The castle is a part of the Budapest World
Heritage Site, so declared in 1987. The original Royal Palace was ruined during
WWII, it was rebuilt in a simplified Stalin Baroque style during the Kádár era.
Buda Castle - Wikipedia ( 17. februar 2022)
Castle Hill of Budapest (Várhegy) was first
settled in the thirteenth century,
after the Mongol invasion of 1241-42. King Béla IV (1235-1270), determined to
protect his homeland, moved the country’s capital from Esztergom to Buda and
led Buda’s citizens to seek a strategic place to build their own defensive neighbourhood. A fort and a royal residence were constructed.
Castle Hill Budapest (budapest-discovery-guide.com) (17. februar 2022)
Fisherman’s Bastion in Budapest is one of the top Budapest attractions without a
doubt. The present day lovely lookout towers / decorative fortification of
Fisherman’s Bastion were built in the 19th century to serve as a lookout tower for
the best panoramic views in Budapest, Hungary. Needless to say, there used to be
real castle walls where now you can take fantastic photos from, but the present day structure has never served as an actual fortification in Buda.
Fisherman's Bastion - Halaszbastya, Budapest (fishermansbastion.com) (17. februar 2022)
The first recorded names of the hill in the Middle Ages were Kelen-hegy,
Pesti-hegy (English: Pest Hill) and Blocksberg. From the 15th century it has
been called Szent Gellért hegye (lit. the hill of St. Gerard) referring to the
legend about the death of St. Gerard. The bishop was assassinated by the pagans during the great pagan rebellion in 1046.
He was put in a barrel and rolled down into the deep from the top of the hill.
The former name, Pesti-hegy (Latin: Mons Pestiensis) referred to the large
cave (now Gellért Hill Cave) in the hillside.
The word is probably of Slavic origin and means oven or cave.
The Ottoman Turks called the hill Gürz Elyas bayiri.
Gürz Elyas was a holy man from the Bektashi order whose shrine and grave
on top of the hill was a place of pilgrimage in the 17th century. (27. mars 2020)
Et av de mindre julemarkedene
The Christmas Market on Vorosmarty Square is often thought of as the single
Christmas market in the city of Budapest, which luckily is not true.
However, what is true is that the Xmas fair on Vörösmarty Square is the oldest,
richest and the most spectacular of all the Christmas markets in Budapest. (27. mars 2020)
Veien fører til Vörösmarty.
It's also the first thermal bath of Pest. It owes its existence to Vilmos Zsigmondy,
a mining engineer. on his initiative, successful deep borings had been performed
in the City Park, where later, in 1881 already an "Artesian bath" was in
operation. However, this temporary type of bath was meeting the demands of
the age less and less, so the Széchenyi Thermal Bath was built in 1913 on the
basis of plans composed by Gyozo Czigler. The Bath was expanded in 1927 with
a public bathing department for gentlemen and ladies and a beach site.
In the middle of the 1960s, further transformations took place, including the
creation of a group thermal section in bathing suits as well as a daytime
outpatient hospital (complex physiotherapy department).
water filtering and circulation devices was completed in 1999.
The so-called fancy bath includes a whirling corridor, underwater effervescence production, neck shower, water beam back massage installed in the sitting
banks and many other services.
Szechenyi Thermal Bath
Det er varmt vann utenfor badet også.
Slottsområdet i Buda, Castle Hill
Budapest is said to be the only real Danube capital as the river flows right
through the middle of the city. The bridges, the Parliament building and the
Royal Palace give Budapest an unparalleled atmosphere. We would like to
invite you to enjoy the river views during a romantic day time or an evening
cruise combined with a delicious lunch or dinner.
The original 50 cm statuette of
the Little Princess (Kiskirálylány) statue
The artist was inspired by his eldest
daughter born from his first marriage.
The bridge has received the lions at each of the abutments in 1852,
the stone lions were carved by Janos Marschalko.
48%. Each of the two working cabins on the double binary can carry 24 passengers. Cabins leave evert 5-10 minutes from 7.30 am to 10pm. -
(17. februar 2022) https://www.budapest.org/en/buda-castle/budapest-funicular/
The Parliament building, a magnificent example of Neo-Gothic architecture,
is just over 100 years old. It's the third largest Parliament building in the world,
and is also home to the Hungarian Crown Jewels. Tours are available when the
National Assembly is not in session.
Parliament Building is built in the Gothic
Revival style; it has a symmetrical
façade and a central dome. The dome is Renaissance Revival architecture.
The parliament is also largely symmetrical from the inside, with two identical
parliament halls on the opposing sides of the building.
One of the two halls is still in use today for sessions of the Hungarian National
Assembly, the other for ceremonies, conferences, and guided tours.
It is 268 m (879 ft) long and 123 m (404 ft) wide.
Its interior includes 10 courtyards, 13 passengers and freight elevators, 27 gates, 29 staircases and 691 rooms (which includes more than 200 offices).
With its height of 96 m (315 ft), it is one of the two tallest buildings in Budapest,
along with Saint Stephen's Basilica.
The number 96 refers to the nation's millennium, 1896, and the conquest of the later Kingdom of Hungary in 896. It is free to enter before 8 am. (27. mars 2020)
Bilder: Grete og Karl Martin
Tilbake til 1. side
hovedstad i Ungarn og landets økonomiske,
industrielle, politiske og kulturelle sentrum.
Opprinnelig var Budapest to byer på hver side av Donau, Buda og Pest (uttales Pesjt på ungarsk).
De to byene ble slått sammen i 1873. Med sin historie og gamle arkitektur er byen et svært interessant reisemål.
Byen har gjennomgått mye uroligheter gjennom tidene – ikke minst mot slutten av andre verdenskrig,
da mer enn 80 % av bygningene ble mer eller mindre ødelagt under de langvarige kampene under slaget om
Romerne grunnla byen Aquincum i år 89, der en keltisk by tidligere hadde ligget. Fra år 106 til det 4. århundre var
Aquincum hovedstaden i den romerske provinsen Pannonia. Contra Aquincum (eller Trans Aquincum) var det
Omkring år 900 kom magyarene, forfedrene til de moderne ungarerne, til området. I middelalderen ble de to byene
Buda og Pest viktige.
Buda ble sete for et kongelig slott i 1247, og i 1361 ble byen Ungarns hovedstad.
Pest ble ødelagt av mongolene i 1241, men ble raskt gjenreist igen.
Det osmanske rikes erobring av Ungarn i det 16. århundre stanset byenes vekst:
Pest falt til osmanerne i 1526, og Buda falt 15 år senere.
Buda ble hovedstad for en osmansk guvernør, mens Pest ble forlatt før habsburgerne inntok byen i 1686.
Det var Pest, hjemsted for administrasjon siden 1723, som vokste hurtigst i 18. og 19. århundre.
I 1800 var Pest større enn Buda og Obuda til sammen.
Pests befolkning vokste med 20 ganger gjennom det 19. århundre, til 600.000 innbyggere,
mens Buda og Óbudas befolkning ble kun 4 ganger større fram til 1900.
Sammenslåingen av de tre byene under én kommunal ledelse ble først gjennomført av den revolusjonære ungarske
regjeringen i 1849, deretter ble dette omgjort av den habsburgske ledelsen, men ble til slutt slått fast av den ungarske
kongelige regjeringen, etablert ved det østerriksk-ungarske Ausgleich-kompromisset av 1867.
Befolkningen i den nye byen, Budapest, vokste 7 ganger i størrelse i periodeBudapest var en riktig imperial by,
ved at byen var hovedstad i den ungarske delen av Østerrike-Ungarn.
Den ungarske regjeringen var en viktig del av keiserrikets styre.
Mange av byens store bygninger stammer fra det 19. århundre.n 1840 til 1900, da den nådde 730.000.