Cruise i Østersjøen med Costa Magica

21. juli til 28. juli 2018

Cruiset begynte og avsluttet i Stockholm.
Underveis besøkte vi Helsinki i Finland, St. Petersburg i Russland, (kanaltur, Vinterpalasset, Church on the Spilled Blood,
Catherine Palace, Peterhof Park, The Saints Peter & Paul Cathedral
Kronstadt på Kotlin, Tallinn i Estland og Stockholm i Sverige

Siden er fra 11. august 2018, rettet 7. september 2018

Grete Emblemsvåg

tilbake til 1. side
Første etappe gikk med fly til Stockholm.
Vi ble hentet på Arlanda flyplass og kjørt til Frihamnen Cruiseterminal, 
der Costa Magica ventet.


Lørdag 21. juli 2018

Cruise_Gardermoen_isbjorn

Isbjørn på Gardermoen Flyplass, Oslo


Cruise_Arlanda

Stor trafikk på Arlanda Flyplass, Stockholm


 Cruise_St-Petersburg_Costa-Magica
Costa Magica
Her i havn i St. Petersburg

Cruise_Costa-Magica
Vi er på plass i lugaren, vårt hjem de neste 7 dagene.

Ombord rakk vi akkurat å spise før lunsjserveringen var over.
Hadde vi ikke rukket den, hadde det ikke vært lenge å vente før det var tea-time med kaker og mere til.
Cruise_Costa-Magica
Ristorante Buffet Bellagio



 Cruise_Costa-Magica_kapellet
Kapellet ombord
Cruise_Costa-Magica_kapellet
Cruise_Costa-Magica_kapellet

Skulpturen står rett utenfor kapellet

Middagen spiste vi på Ristorante
Costa Smeralda hver kveld.
Der hadde vi fast bord sammen
med åtte andre norske turister.

God mat hver kveld




Etter middagen gikk vi til baren.
Her Pianobar Capo Colonna.
Cruise_Costa-Magica



 Cruise_Costa-Magica
Kveld og stille på soldekk.

 Cruise_Costa-Magica
Stockholm en sen kveld.

 Cruise_Stockholm_solnedgang
Solnedgang i Stockholm

Første natta lå båten i Stockholm.

Klokka 7 neste morgen seilte vi mot Helsinki.
En fin tur gjennom Stockholms skjærgård.

Ankomst Helsinki klokka 8 mandag 23. juli




Søndag 22. juli 2018

Søndag var vi på sjøen hele dagen.

Fin seiling gjennom Stockholms skjærgård.

Cruise_Costa-Magica_soldekk

En fin dag på soldekket




Cruise_Costa-Magica_restaurant_Belaggio

Frokost på restaurant Belaggio

 

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_soldekk

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_soldekk

Cruiset begynte med en rolig dag.
Været var fint, og vi koste oss på dekk og i boblebadet.


 Cruise_festning_innseiling_Stockholm
Fredriksborgs fästning är en befästningsanläggning i Värmdö kommun vid Oxdjupet,
inloppet till Stockholm. Fästningen bestod av torn, strandverk och kringbyggnader.
Anläggningen ingick i försvaret som byggdes upp i Stockholms skärgård för att skydda Stockholm efter rysshärjningarna utmed ostkusten 1719.
https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fredriksborgs_f%C3%A4stning

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_seagulls
Måkene følger båten
Cruise_Costa-Magica_seagulls
Cruise_Costa-Magica_i_seilert_og_los

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_innseiling

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_innseiling
Mange idyller i Stockholms skjærgård

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_innseiling

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_fergene_Gulli_og_Frida
Fergene Gulli og Frida

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_i_little_island

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_soldekk
Folksomt rundt bassengene

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_soldekk
Taket over boblebad og basseng kan trekkes til side.
Cruise_Costa-Magica_Grete_i_boblebadet
Grete tar boblebad
Cruise_Costa-Magica_solnedgang
Det er kveld og middagstid.
Grete stiller i lang kjole denne kvelden.


 

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_restaurant-Smeralda
Ristorante Costa Smeralda. Under middagen var det underholdning.

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_solnedgang
Det er kveld og stille på restaurantene rundt bassengene.
Show med ABBA-melodier
i Gran Bar Salento

Cruise_Costa-Magica_bar_Salento_ABBA-show

Mandag 23. juli 2018

 Ankomst Helsinki klokka 8.

Det var ca 3,5 km og gå inn til Helsinki sentrum.
Derfor var det satt opp chuttlebusser som skulle gå
fra klokka 0830 til 1700.

Alle skulle være ombord kl 17 30 og
klokka 18 00 skulle vi seile videre mot St. Petersburg.

Helsinki (/ˈhɛlsɪŋki, hɛlˈsɪŋki/;Finnish: [ˈhelsiŋki]; Swedish: Helsingfors [hɛlsɪŋˈfɔʂː]  is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland. Located on the shore of the
Gulf of Finland, it is the seat of the region of Uusimaa in southern Finland, and has a
 population of 642,045. The city's urban area has a population of 1,231,595, making it by
far the most populous urban area in Finland as well as the country's most important center
for politics, education, finance, culture, and research. Helsinki is located 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn, Estonia, 400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm, Sweden, and 390 km (240 mi)
west of Saint Petersburg, Russia. It has close historical ties with these three cities.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helsinki


 Cruise_Helsinki_havna
Grete i Helsinki havn

 Cruise_Helsinki_havna
Havn, salgsboder og Uspenski-katedralen

 Cruise_Helsinki_havna
Samme sted som bildet til venstre var det pariserhjul og badebasseng.

 Cruise_Helsinki_havna
Karl Martin har alltid lyst på
en Magnum is.

Cruise_Helsinki_havna

Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin_katedralen
Uspenski Cathedral (Finnish: Uspenskin katedraali, Swedish:
Uspenskij
katedralen
, Russian:
Успенский собор
, Uspenskij sobor) is an Eastern Orthodox cathedral in Helsinki, Finland, and main cathedral of the Orthodox Church of Finland, dedicated to the Dormition of the Theotokos (the Virgin Mary). Its name comes from the Old Church Slavonic word uspenie, which denotes the Dormition. Designed by the Russian architect Aleksey Gornostayev (1808–1862). The cathedral was built after his death in 1862–1868.
The crypt chapel of the cathedral is named after the holy Alexander Hotovitzky, who served as vicar of the Orthodox parish of Helsinki 1914–1917.
The Cathedral is set upon a hillside on

Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin-katedralen
the Katajanokka peninsula overlooking
the city. On the back of the cathedral,
there is a plaque commemorating Russian
 Emperor Alexander II, who was
the sovereign of the
Grand Duchy of Finland during the cathedral's construction. Main cathedral of the Finnish Orthodox Church in the diocese of Helsinki, Uspenski Cathedral is claimed to be the largest
orthodox church in Western Europe
.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uspenski_Cathedral,_Helsinki


Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin-katedralen
Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin-katedralen
Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin-katedralen


 Cruise_Helsinki_Domkirken_fra_Uspenskin-katedralen
Domkirken sett fra Uspenskin-katedralen
Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin-katedral-plassen

Plassen foran Uspenskin-katedralen
Cruise_Helsinki


 Cruise_Helsinki
Havn i Helsinki
Cruise_Helsinki_Ravintola-Nokka
Cruise_Helsinki_Ravintola-Nokka

Ravintola Nokka

Cruise_Helsinki
Det røde restaurantskipet Relandersgrund,
et tidligere fyrskip, og ennå med "fyrtårn" kneisende på dekk, ble  bygget i Turku (Åbo) 1886-88. Dette er Finlands eldste
gjenværende dampskip og et kjent og
populært landemerke der det ligger til kai
like ved Markedstorget, vis-a-vis presidentpalasset. Etter 1.verdenskrig ble skipet totaloverhalt i Tallinn, men siden
gikk det nedover for den gamle skuta.
I 1978 ble skroget solgt som skrapmetall
til private, som senere fikk skipet bygd om
til slik det fremstår i dag.
http://minbestereise.blogg.no/1417465282_helsinki.html
Cruise_Helsinki


 Cruise_Helsinki_Domkirken_og_statuen_av_Aleksander_II
The Senate Square (Finnish: Senaatintori, Swedish: Senatstorget) presents Carl Ludvig
Engel's architecture as a unique allegory of political, religious, scientific and commercial
powers in the centre of Helsinki, Finland.
Senate Square and its surroundings make up the oldest part of central Helsinki. Landmarks
and famous buildings surrounding the square are the Helsinki Cathedral, the Government
Palace, main building of the University of Helsinki, and Sederholm House (Finnish:
Sederholmin talo), the oldest building of central Helsinki dating from 1757.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helsinki_Senate_Square
Cruise_Helsinki_Domkirken
Helsinki Cathedral (Finnish: Helsingin tuomionkirkko, Suurkirkko; Swedish:
Helsingfors domkyrka, Storkyrkan) is the Finnish Evangelical Lutheran
cathedral of the Diocese of Helsinki,
located in the neighborhood of Kruununhaka in the centre of Helsinki, Finland. The church was
originally built from 1830-1852 as a
tribute to the Grand Duke of Finland, Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.
It was also known as St Nicholas' Church
until the independence of Finland in 1917.
It is a major landmark of the city.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helsinki_Cathedral


 Cruise_Helsinki_Domkirken

 Cruise_Helsinki_Domkirken_alterparti
Helsinki Domkirke, alter

 Cruise_Helsinki_Senatsplassen
Senatsplassen
Cruise_Helsinki_statuen_av_Aleksander_II
Statuen av Alexander II
På Senatsplassen i Helsinki.
Bak statuen ligger hovedbygningen
tilUniversitetet.
A statue of Emperor Alexander II is located
in the center of the square. The statue,
erected in 1894, was built to commemorate
his re-establishment of the Diet of Finland in 1863 as well as his initiation of several
reforms that increased Finland's autonomy from Russia. The statue comprises Alexander on a pedestal surrounded by figures representing law, culture, and peasants.
The sculptor was Walter Runeberg.
During the Russification of Finland from
1899 onwards, the statue became a symbol
of quiet resistance, with people protesting against the decrees of Nicholas II by leaving flowers at the foot of the statue of his grandfather, then known in Finland as "the good czar".
After Finland's independence in 1917, demands were made to remove the statue. Later, it was suggested to replace it with the equestrian statue of Mannerheim currently located on Mannerheimintie in front of the Kiasma museum. Nothing came of either
of these suggestions, and today the statue is one of the major tourist landmarks of the
city and a reminder of Finland's close relationship with Imperial Russia.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helsinki_Senate_Square

Cruise_Helsinki_Senatsplassen_Nasjonalbiblioteket
Nasjonalbiblioteket
Cruise_Helsinki

 Cruise_Helsinki
Cruise_Helsinki
Cruise_Helsinki_Fazer

Cruise_Helsinki_Fazer

Grete handler i Fazer-butikken
Cruise_Helsinki_Fazer

Cruise_Helsinki_Esplanad

Statuen av Finlands nasjonalskald
Johan Ludvig Runeberg i
Esplanadparken i Helsingfors.

Monumentet er formet av dikterens sønn Walter Runeberg og reist 1885.

https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esplanadparken#/media/File:Statue_of_Johan_Ludvig_Runeberg_in_Helsinki_-_
DSC03903.JPG





Esplanadparken
, eller bare Esplanaden, (finsk Esplanadin puisto, populært Espen)
er en park i sentrum av Helsingfors,
avgrenset av gatene Norra Esplanaden og Södra Esplanaden,
av Svenska Teatern og Mannerheimvägen
i vest, og av Salutorget i øst.
Parken fremkom første gang i Helsingfors' byplan fra 1812. Parken er en av byens mest populære. På nordsiden av parken står en rekke av byens fineste nyrenessansebygninger.
https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esplanadparken

Cruise_Helsinki_Esplanad
Karl Martin er sliten av kirker og handling
Cruise_Helsinki_Esplanad


Eino Leino (6 July 1878 – 10 January 1926) was a Finnish poet and journalist and is considered one of the pioneers of Finnish poetry. His poems combine modern and Finnish folk elements. The style of much of
his work is like the Kalevala and folk songs. Nature, love, and despair are frequent
themes in Leino's work. He is beloved and widely read in Finland today.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eino_Leino




 Cruise_Helsinki_Esplanad_statue_ungdom

ETT MONUMENT ÖVER Z. TOPELIUS
"Saga och sanning" av Gunnar Finne

Helsinki_Esplanad_statue_Zacharias-Topelius
På sokkelen av skulpturen til venstre.
Gunnar Finne (1886–1952) önskade i den ursprungliga versionen hylla Topelius med två stående muser under namnet »Sagan och historien«. Efter kritikerstormen med krav på
att Topelius skulle avporträtteras gick Finne
till slut med på att sätta in en porträttrelief
av författaren på sockeln. Samtidigt
bearbetade konstnären ytterligare statyn med
de båda muserna, som sedan symboliskt
träffande fick heta »Saga och sanning«.
http://www.sls.fi/sv/donatorernas-bok/fonden-ett-monument-over-z-topelius


Cruisehavna i Helsinki
Cruisehavna i Helsinki
 

Helsinki_Cruisehavna
Helsinki_Grete_ombord_Costa-Magica
Denne selen ønsker                                Grete tar et glass rødvin etter byturen.
velkommen til Helsinki


Tirsdag 24. juli 2018
Ankomst St. Petersburg
klokka 07 00
.
Møtepunkt for den store
St. Petersburg-turen klokka 0730 i
Grand Bar Salento
.
(Det var den turen vi skulle være
med på.)

Cruise_Coste-Magica_Bar-Salenta
Grand Bar Salento en tidlig tirsdags morgen.

Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, tr. Sankt-Peterburg, IPA: [ˈsankt pʲɪtʲɪrˈburk])
is Russia's
 second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the
Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
An important Russian
 port on the Baltic Sea, it has a status of a federal subject
(a
 federal city).

Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea, it was
founded by
 Tsar Peter the Great on May 27 [O.S. 16] 1703. On 1 September 1914,
the name was changed from Saint Petersburg

Store blokker på veien fra cruiseterminalen og inn til
bysentrum.

St-Petersburg

to Petrograd (Russian: Петрогра́д, IPA: [pʲɪtrɐˈgrat]), on 26 January 1924 to Leningrad (Russian: Ленингра́д, IPA: [lʲɪnʲɪnˈgrat]), and on 7 September
1991 back to Saint Petersburg.


Between 1713 and 1728 and in 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the capital of Imperial
Russia. In 1918, the central government bodies moved to Moscow, which is about
625 kilometres (388 mi) to the south-east.
Saint Petersburg is one of the most modern cities of Russia, as well as its cultural capital. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a
 UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint Petersburg is home to the Hermitage, one of the
largest art museums in the world. Many foreign consulates, international corporations,
banks and businesses have offices in Saint Petersburg.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Petersburg

 St-Petersburg

The Bolshoi Circus

More than 120 years ago, the "Circus on
the Fontanka" was opened and became
the first Russian building (made of stone) designated specifically for circus performances. The idea of the "stone
circus" occurred to the Italian circus
actor, rider, and trainer Gaetano Ciniselli.
This building was considered to be one
of the most beautiful circus edifices in
Europe. It is common knowledge that

St-Petersburg_kanaltur
the last Russian Emperor’s (Nicholas II)
 family liked to visit this circus often.
https://www.expresstorussia.com/guide/petersburg-circus.html
Til venstre:

Church of the Dormition, Church of the Assumption (Saint Petersburg)
The church was built in 1895-1897 by the cellar of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra.

kanaltur
 St-Petersburg_kanaltur
Fint med en båttur på elvene Fontanka og Neva

Fontanka (russisk: Фонтанка) er en elvekanal i Russland, en av floden Nevas armer, som renner gjennom det sentrale Sankt Petersburg. Fontanka er 7,6 km lang,[1] har et maksimalt dyp på 3,5 m samt en største bredde på 70 m.
Fontanka kaltes for Den navnløse å (russisk: Безымянный ерик) fram til ca 1712–1714 da den fikk det nåværende navnet i samband med at den begynte å forsyne de mange fontenene i Sommerhagen med va
nn.
Frem til midten av 1700-tallet utgjorde den Sankt Petersburgs søndre grense. Årene 1780-1789 forestod Andrej Kvasov en større regulering av elvekanalen, og det var da den fikk sine karakteristiske granittbanker.

 St-Petersburg_kanaltur


Fontanka krysses av femten broer. Den mest kjente turde være Anitsjkovbroen på hovedgaten Nevskij prospekt. To andre kjente broer er Lomonosovbroen og den ekstravagante egyptiske bro.
https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fontanka

 St-Petersburg_kanaltur_sommerpalass
Summer Palace of Peter the Great

Summer Palace of Peter the Great

The first palace built in Saint Petersburg is not really a palace at all. It is simply a
regular two-story stone house in which Peter the Great, the first Russian Emperor,
spent the summer months. However, this house is the beginning of the glorious
history of Petersburg palaces, which would soon match and even surpass the
grandeur of Versailles, Buckingham Palace and other great palaces of the world.
Since its construction, the Summer Palace has hardly been altered, and today it
gives its visitors a rare opportunity to see life as it was 300 years ago.

 St-Petersburg_kanaltur
The Trinity (Troitsky) Bridge was opened in 1903 as part of the celebrations of
St. Petersburg's 200th anniversary. It was the third permanent bridge, after
Blagoveshchenskiy Bridge and Liteiniy Bridge, to be laid across the River Neva, running
form just north of the Field of Mars on the left bank of the river to the Petrograd Side
next to the Peter and Paul Fortress. Measuring 582 meters, it is the second longest
bridge in the city, one of the busiest, and also one of the most beautiful thanks to its
spectacularly ornate Art Nouveau design.
http://www.saint-petersburg.com/bridges/unmissable-trinity-bridge/

 St-Petersburg_kanaltur
The Neva (Russian: Нева́, IPA: [nʲɪˈva]) is a river in northwestern Russia flowing from
Lake Ladoga through the western part of Leningrad Oblast (historical region of Ingria)
to the Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland. Despite its modest length of 74 kilometres (46 mi),
it is the fourth largest river in Europe in terms of average discharge (after the Volga, the Danube and the Rhine).[1]
The Neva is the only river flowing from Lake Ladoga. It flows through the city of Saint Petersburg, three smaller towns of Shlisselburg, Kirovsk and Otradnoye, and dozens of settlements. The river is navigable throughout and is part of the Volga–Baltic Waterway and White Sea – Baltic Canal. It is a site of numerous major historical events, including the Battle of the Neva in 1240 which gave Alexander Nevsky his name, the
founding of Saint Petersburg in 1703, and the Siege of Leningrad by the German army during World War II.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neva_River

 St-Petersburg_kanaltur_Vinterpalasset
Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_kanaltur
Hydrofoilen ankommer St Petersburg
St-Petersburg_kanaltur
Hermetage Bridge


 St-Petersburg_kanaltur
Krigsskip som er kommet for å delta i "Navy Day".
I bakgrunnen sees Peter and Paul Cathedral og Peter and Paul Fortress.

The regular Russian Navy was created at the initiative of Peter the Great in 1696 during
a war against Ottoman Empire. Peter passed a decree on commencing the construction
of a regular navy on 20 October 1696. This date is considered the official birthday of the
regular Russian Navy.
During this Navy Day visitors will be able to see a parade of military ships, submarines,
and civilian vessels down the Neva and get on board some of ships. In the evening
fireworks will adorn the skies above the Naval Museum on Vasilyevsky Island.
Navy Day usually takes place on the last Sunday in July.
https://www.russiaeguide.com/st-petersburg-events.html

 St-Petersburg_kanaltur

Rostral Columns

These two columns standing on the Strelka ("spit") of Vasilyevsky Island are as much
a symbol of St. Petersburg as the open arches of Palace Bridge, the dome of St. Isaac's
Cathedral, or the spires of the Admiralty and the Ss. Peter and Paul Cathedral.
For over two centuries, they have formed an integral part of the city's central
panorama over the River Neva, and are particularly impressive on major public
holidays, when torches are lit on top of them.

http://www.saint-petersburg.com/monuments/rostral-columns/
St-Petersburg_kanaltur
St-Petersburg_kanaltur
Mannen på bildet over vinket til oss fra de fleste av broene vi kjørte under.

Etter båtturen på kanal og elv, kjørte vi til Vinterpalasset.

St-Petersburg The most striking decorations on Anichkov Bridge, however, are the Horse Tamers by Pyotr Klodt, who also sculpted the
equestrian statue of Nicholas I on
St. Isaac's Square, and the quadriga above
the portico of the Bolshoi Theatre in
Moscow. These beautiful bronze cast
proved so popular that copies of the sets
at the eastern end of the bridge, installed
in 1841, were sent as Imperial gifts to Frederick William IV of Prussia and to the
City of Naples within a decade. The
sculptures at the western end were
erected in 1850. During the Siege of Leningrad, the sculptures were removed
and buried in the grounds of the Anichkov Palace nearby. Thus, unlike the bridge,
they survived the war intact. All damage was repaired, however, and the statues
were restored to their rightful place on 1 May 1945, a week before victory was declared.
http://www.saint-petersburg.com/bridges/unmissable-anichkov-bridge/

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Her kom vi inn i palasset
The Winter Palace was built between
1754 and 1762 for Empress Elizabeth,
the daughter of Peter the Great.
Unfortunately, Elizabeth died before the palace's completion and only Catherine
the Great and her successors were able to enjoy the sumptuous interiors of Elizabeth's home. Many of the palace's impressive interiors have been remodeled since then, particularly after 1837, when a huge fire destroyed most of the building. Today the Winter Palace, together with four more buildings arranged side by side along the
river embankment, houses the extensive collections of the Hermitage.
The Hermitage Museum is the largest art gallery in Russia and is among the largest
and most respected art museums in the
world.
http://www.saint-petersburg.com/virtual-tour/hermitage/
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset


 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
The Armorial Hall, or Guard Room  is decorated with vast stuccopanoplies.

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Pavilion Hall


 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
The Small Throne Room of the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, also known as the Peter the Great Memorial Hall, was created for Tsar Nicholas I in 1833, by the architect Auguste de Montferrand.[1] Following a fire in 1837, in which most of the palace was destroyed, the room was recreated exactly as it had been before by the architect Vasily Stasov.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_Throne_Room_of_the_Winter_Palace
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St George's Hall, which served as the
palace's principal throne room, was the
scene of many of the most formal
ceremonies of the Imperial court. Most historically, it was the setting of the
opening of the First State Duma by
Nicholas II, in 1906. The Tsar was
forced to agree to the establishment of a Duma as a concession to his people
in an attempt to avert revolution.
However, the Imperial family saw it as
"the end of Russian autocracy".
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_George%27s_Hall_and_Apollo_Room_
of_the_Winter_Palace

St George's Hall (also referred to as the Great Throne Room) is one of the largest state
rooms in the Winter Palace, St Petersburg. It is located on the eastern side of the palace,
and connected to The Hermitage by the smaller Apollo Room.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_George%27s_Hall_and_Apollo_Room_
of_the_Winter_Palace

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St George's Hall
Ikke så lett å se på bildet, men det er samme mønster i gulv og tak,

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Utsikt fra Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Hage i 2. etasje

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Leonardo da Vinci -
Madonna and Child


 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

Leonardo da Vinci - Madonna and Child
Leonardo da Vinci - Madonna and Child”

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset_
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset_

the State Hermitage Museum
The museum was founded in 1764 when Catherine the Great purchased a collection of
255 paintings from the German city of Berlin. Today, the Hermitage boasts over 2.7 million exhibits and displays a diverse range of art and artifacts from all over the world and from throughout history (from Ancient Egypt to the early 20
th century Europe).
The Hermitage's collections include works by Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael and Titian, a unique collection of Rembrandts and Rubens, many French Impressionist works by Renoir, Cezanne, Manet, Monet and Pissarro, numerous canvasses by Van Gogh, Matisse, Gaugin and several sculptures by Rodin.
 
http://www.saint-petersburg.com/virtual-tour/hermitage/

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset_
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset_


 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset_
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Etter Vinterpalasset kjørte
vi til Church on the Spilled Blood.

St. Petersburg Church on the Spilled Blood
St-Petersburg_Spilt-Blod-katedralen
Church of the Resurrection
of Jesus Christ is known to Petersburgers as the Church
of the Savior on the Spilled Blood - or even just the
Church on the Blood - as it marks the spot where Alexander II was fatally wounded in an
assassination attempt on March 1, 1881. Designed
by Alfred Parland in the
style of 16th and
17th-century Russian churches, the Church of
the Resurrection provides
a stark (some would say jarring) contrast to its surroundings of Baroque, Classical and Modernist architecture.
http://www.saint-petersburg.com/cathedrals/church-resurrection-jesus-christ/
St_Petersburg: modell av "Church on the Spilled Blood"
St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood
St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood


 St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood
St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood
Bildet til venstre




St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood
Bildet til høyre










St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood


 St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood

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St_Petersburg
St-Petersburg
Det er tid for lunsj, vodka og russiks mat, og til det russisk musikk.
Et fint måltid

St_Petersburg
Rett nr 1 av 5
Rett nr to var potetkake med kaviar,
nr 3 var rødbetsuppe,
nr 4, kjøttsaus med potetmos,
nr 5, dessert




 St-Petersburg

 St-Petersburg
The Monument to Nicholas I (Russian: Памятник Николаю I) is a bronze equestrian monument of Nicholas I of Russia on St Isaac's Square (in front of Saint Isaac's
Cathedral) in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Unveiled on July 7th  [O.S. June 25th] 1859,
the six-meter statue was a technical wonder of its time. It was the first equestrian
statue in Europe with only two support points (the rear hooves of the horse),
the only precedent being the 1852 equestrian statue of U.S. President Andrew Jackson.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monument_to_Nicholas_I

 St-Petersburg
Saint Isaac's Square or Isaakiyevskaya Ploshchad (Russian: Исаа́киевская пло́щадь), known as Vorovsky Square (Russian: Площадь Воровского) between 1923 and 1944, in Saint Petersburg, Russia is a major city square sprawling between the Mariinsky Palace and Saint Isaac's Cathedral, which separates it from Senate Square. The square is graced by the equestrian Monument to Nicholas I.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Isaac%27s_Square
The Monument:
Designer: Auguste de Montferrand is the project head, the architect.
Sculptors: Peter Klodt, Robert Salemann, Nicholas Ramazanov
Architects: Ludwig Bohnstedt, Roman Weigelt

The Monument
Material: Bronze is a sculpture, high reliefs, letters, a fencing; Pedestal is a red,
grey granite, the shohansky porphyry, the Italian marble
Height: 16.3 meters full,
Equestrian statue is 6 meters
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monument_to_Nicholas_I

 St-Petersburg

 St-Petersburg
Saint Isaac's Cathedral or Isaakievskiy Sobor (Russian: Исаа́киевский Собо́р) in Saint Petersburg, Russia, is the largest Russian Orthodox cathedral (sobor) in the city.
It is the largest orthodox basilica and the fourth largest (by the volume under the
cupola) cathedral in the world. It is dedicated to Saint Isaac of Dalmatia, a patron
saint of Peter the Great, who had been born on the feast day of that saint.
The church on St Isaac's Square was ordered by Tsar Alexander I, to replace an earlier
structure by Vincenzo Brenna, and was the fourth consecutive church standing at this place.
A specially appointed commission examined several designs, including that of the French-born architect Auguste de Montferrand (1786–1858), who had studied in the atelier
of Napoleon's designer, Charles Percier. Montferrand's design was criticised by some members
of the commission for the dry and allegedly boring rhythm of its four identical pedimented octastyle porticos. It was also suggested that despite gigantic dimensions, the edifice would
look squat and not very impressive. The members of the commission, which consisted of well-known Russian architects, were also particularly concerned by necessity to build a new h
uge building on the old unsecure foundation. The emperor, who favoured the ponderous
Empire style of architecture, had to step in and solve the dispute in Montferrand's favour.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Isaac%27s_Cathedral

 St-Petersburg
Dette gudshuset ser ikke ut til å være i bruk

Khram Ikony Bozhyey Materi Miluyushchaya

Храм иконы божьей матери Милующей

(navn funnet på google maps)

Cruise_Costa-Magic
Vi kom tilbake til Costa Magica i
passe tid til middag.

Etterpå var vi i Teatro Urbina,
som viste forestillingen:
"Magic moments with the singers
Silvia Santoro and Simone Pavesio
and th Costa Magica dancers."


Onsdag 25. juli 2018
Tidlig opp igjen for å få med mest
muligav St. Petersburg.
Bussen skulle gå fra cruiseterminalen
klokka 07 00 og ta oss på landtur.
Først skulle vi til Catarina-palasset
i Tsarskoje Sela 25 km sørøst for byen.
Derfra til Peterhof som ligger 25 km
vest for St. Petersburg.
Fra Peterhof skulle vi tilbake til byen
og se Peter og Paul-katadralen.


St-Petersburg
Store blokker mellom cruiseterminalen
og bysentrum


The Catherine Palace is named after Catherine I, the wife of Peter the Great, who
ruled Russia for two years after her husband's death. Originally a modest two-storey
building commissioned by Peter for Catherine in 1717, the Catherine Palace owes its
awesome grandeur to their daughter, Empress Elizabeth, who chose Tsarskoe Selo as
her chief summer residence. Starting in 1743, the building was reconstructed by four
different architects, before Bartholomeo Rastrelli, Chief Architect of the Imperial Court,
was instructed to completely redesign the building on a scale to rival Versailles.
http://www.saint-petersburg.com/pushkin/catherine-palace/
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset

Musikere på veien opp mot
palasset.
Vi fikk et glimt av palasset
også.

St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset

The Church of the Resurrection in the Catherine Palace.

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Vi var litt tidlig ute.
Da vi kom til Palasset var det ca
20 minutter å vente til portene ble åpnet.

Da var det greit å tillhøre en gruppe.
Vi kunne gå litt rundt for å se oss om,
mens andre passet plassen i køen.

Det var musikk og sang ved porten også, så tiden gikk fort.

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Musikere  utenfor Katarina-palasset

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Snart åpnes porten.

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Vi er innenfor porten til palasset

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Her kom vi inn. Mektig inngang.

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Keiserinne Elisabeth likte gull, mye gull.
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
The Great Hall or Bright Gallery, as it was called in the eighteenth century, is the largest state room in the palace. It was created to Rastrelli’s design between 1752 and 1756. The stylish hall with a floor area of over 800 square metres was intended as the venue for official receptions and celebrations, banquets, balls and masquerades.
http://eng.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/c_atherine/great_hall
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
More than 100 kilograms of gold were used to gild the sophisticated stucco façade and
numerous statues erected on the roof.[citation needed] In front of the palace a great formal garden was laid out. It centres on the azure-and-white Hermitage Pavilion near the lake, designed by Mikhail Zemtsov in 1744, remodelled by Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli in
1749 and formerly crowned by a grand-gilded sculpture representing The Rape of
Persephone.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_Palace


 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
The first room beyond the Great Hall is the Chevalier Dining Room that was also created to Rastrelli’s design. It is not particularly large and so the architect placed mirrors and false windows containing mirrors on the walls, making the hall spacious and bright. The treatment of the interior is typical of the Baroque, dominated by carved and gilded ornament of stylized flowers and seashells. The gilded dessus-de-porte – over-door – compositions are particularly magnificent.
http://eng.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/c_atherine/attendance_dining_room


 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
the White State Dining Room by Rastrelli

Since Empress Elizabeth’s time the walls of this room were lined with white damask that in combination with the gilded carvings gave the interior a special elegance. Nowadays the walls are hung with still lifes by Johann Friedrich Grooth (1717–1806), part of a large series that this

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
court painter produced for the Monbijou pavilion at Tsarskoye Selo in the 1740s. The ceiling painting of The Triumph of Apollo (a nineteenth-century copy of a work by Guido Reni) complements the decoration of the interior.
http://eng.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/c_atherine/white_dining_room

St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
The Chinese Drawing Room, created to the designs of the architect Rastrelli in 1752–56, belonged to the private imperial apartments. This interior stood out among the rooms of
the Golden Enfilade on account of the silk lining the walls that was painted with watercolours in the Chinese manner. The rest of the décor followed the general style of the state rooms: a ceiling painting, carved and gilded dessus-de-portes designed by the sculptor Duncker, mirrors between the windows, stoves with “Hamburg” tiles and a patterned parquet floor.
After the 1820 fire the original décor was recreated by Vasily Stasov on the orders of Alexander I: the walls were relined with new painted silk; the gilded woodcarving was restored and the artist Fiodor Briullov (1793–1869) made a new ceiling painting: Zephyr and Flora.
http://eng.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/c_atherine/drawing_room

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset

The Green Dining Room marks the beginning of the private apartments in the
northern part of the palace that were created in the 1770s on the orders of
Catherine II for her son, Grand Duke Paul (the future Paul I) and his first wife
Natalia Alexeyevna.

http://eng.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/c_atherine/green_dining_room

The Amber room
When Peter the Great met Frederick William I (1688–1740) in November 1716 to mark the conclusion of an alliance between Russia and Prussia, the King gave the Emperor gifts that included the Amber Study. Peter wrote at the time to Empress Catherine: “The King has
made me the elegant present of a yacht which was finely decorated in Potsdam and the
amber study which I have long desired.” Two years later the Russian Emperor responded
with his own present to Frederick William – 55 grenadiers of gigantic stature and an ivory
goblet that he had turned himself on the lathe.
http://eng.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/c_atherine/amber_room
Rav-rommet var det eneste rommet vi ikke
fikk lov til å ta bilder.

Dette er fra:
http://eng.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/c_atherine/amber_room

 

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
The Picture Hall, a state room of the Great Palace at Tsarskoye Selo (the Catherine Palace) that is situated next to the Amber Room, gets its name from its original and distinctive décor – painted canvases arranged according to the “tapestry” principle was created to Rastrelli’s designs in the 150s. The hall extends across the full width of the building and has a floor area of around 180 square metres. In the eighteenth century it was used for diplomatic receptions, meals and musical soirees.
http://eng.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/c_atherine/picture_hall


 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
When the German forces retreated after the siege of Leningrad, they intentionally
destroyed the residence. leaving only the hollow shell of the palace behind. Prior to
World War II, Soviet archivists managed to document a fair amount of the interior,
which proved of great importance in reconstructing the palace.
Although the largest part of the reconstruction was completed in time for the
Tercentenary of St. Petersburg in 2003, much work is still required to restore the
palace to its former glory.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_Palace

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Etter å ha vandret gjennom slottet, gikk vi  gjennom den store parken utenfor.

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Katarinaparken

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset_parken_
Kanal i Catherine-parken
St-Petersburg_ved_Katarina-Palasset_kirke

St. Catherine's Cathedral in Tsarskoe Selo - Sister Church to Christ the Savior in Moscow



Fra Cathrine-slottet kjørte vi til Peterhof Park

 St-Petersburg_ved_Katarina-Palasset_egyptisk-port
The Egyptian Gate of Tsarskoye Selo was built in 1829 to replace the old toll-bar, which had been made redundant by the expansion of Tsarskoe Selo. The gate, which resembles the Egyptian revival style, was designed by Adam Menelaws, who was inspired by the Temple of Khonsu gates. The hieroglyphics were modeled by the professor Demut-Malinovsky. The iron gate and the cast iron columns and plates, covered with hieroglyphics, were cast in St. Petersburg at the Alexander Iron Works. The Alexander Park extended to this gate until 1895, when part of it was used for the building of barracks.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_Gate_of_Tsarskoye_Selo
St-Petersburg_ved_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof
The Peterhof Palace (Russian: Петерго́ф, IPA: [pʲɪtʲɪrˈɡof], German for Peter's Court) is a
series of palaces and gardens located in Petergof, Saint Petersburg, Russia, laid out on the
orders of Peter the Great. These palaces and gardens are sometimes referred as the "Russian Versailles". The palace-ensemble along with the city center is recognized as a
UNESCO World Heritage Site
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peterhof_Palace

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
The expanse of the Lower Gardens is designed in the formal style of French formal gardens of the 17th century. Although many trees are overgrown, in the recent years the formal clipping along the many allees has resumed in order to restore the original appearance of the garden. The many fountains located here exhibit an unusual degree of creativity. One of the most notable designs is entitled 'The Sun'. A disk radiating water jets from its edge creates an image of the sun's rays, and the whole structure rotates about a vertical axis so that the direction in which the "sun" faces is constantly changing.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peterhof_Palace

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
The Canal runs from the Palace all the way to the Gulf of Finland

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

Grand Peterhof Palace and the Grand Cascade.

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
 

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof


 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
Adams Fountain


 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
Her kommer det regnskurer hele tiden. Deilig på en varm dag.
St-Petersburg_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof

St-Petersburg_Peterhof
Tulipanfontene


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 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
Umbrella Fountain

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

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 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof

Det er lunsjtid, og vi venter på bussen som skal ta oss til restauranten.
St-Petersburg_ved_Peterhof
Et slott brukt ved statsbesøk.

Til høyre en del av dagens lunsj

St-Petersburg_ved_Peterhof

St-Petersburg
lek med lys


 St-Petersburg

 St-Petersburg

Motorvei ved St. Petersburg

 St-Petersburg
Fotballstadion bygget til VM 2018
St-Petersburg
St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
                                                               The Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral

 St-Petersburg_the_Boat_House

The Boathouse

An attractive pavilion situated to the west of the Ss. Peter and Paul Cathedral,
the Boathouse was built by architect Alexander Vist 1762-1765 in a style that
marked the transition from baroque to neoclassicism.
The pavilion was built to house Peter the Great's Dinghy, a small sailboat that
had been used by the young Tsar to learn naval principles on lakes in the
Moscow area, and thus was hailed as the "Grandfather of the Russian Navy".
Kept in the pavilion from 1767 to 1931, its place has now been taken by a scale
replica. The Boathouse is also used as a ticket office for the exhibitions and
museums in the fortress
.
http://www.saint-petersburg.com/museums/peter-paul-fortress/boathouse/

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
The Peter and Paul Cathedral (Russian:
Петропавловский собор) is a Russian Orthodox
cathedral located inside the Peter and Paul
Fortress in St. Petersburg, Russia. It is the first
and oldest landmark in St. Petersburg, built
between 1712 and 1733 on Hare Island along
the Neva River.

St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
Both the cathedral and the fortress were originally built under Peter the Great and designed by Domenico Trezzini. The cathedral's bell tower is the world's tallest Orthodox bell tower.
Since the belfry is not standalone, but an integral part of the main building, the cathedral is sometimes considered the highest Orthodox Church in the world. There is another Cathedral
of Saints Peter and Paul Church in St. Petersburg, located in Petergof.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saints_Peter_and_Paul_Cathedral,_Saint_Petersburg

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

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St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
The cathedral houses the remains of almost all the Russian emperors and empresses from Peter the Great to Nicholas II and his family, who were finally laid to rest in July 1998. Among the emperors and empresses buried here was Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia for 34 years.
Of the post-Petrine rulers, only Peter II and Ivan VI are not buried here. Peter II is buried in the Cathedral of Michael the Archangel in the Moscow Kremlin; Ivan VI was executed and buried in the fortress of Shlisselburg or Kholmogory (alleged discovery at Kholmogory in 2010 currently under forensic investigation).


On September 28, 2006, 78 years after her death, Maria Feodorovna, Empress of Russia,
was reinterred in the Cathedral of St Peter and Paul. Wife of Tsar Alexander III, and mother of Nicholas II (the last Russian tsar), Maria Feodorovna died on 13 October 1928 in exile in
her native Denmark and was buried in Roskilde Cathedral in Denmark. In 2005, the
governments of Denmark and Russia agreed that the empress's remains should be returned
to Saint Petersburg in accordance with her wish to be interred next to her husband.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saints_Peter_and_Paul_Cathedral,_Saint_Petersburg
St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
Maria Feodorovna
(26 November 1847 – 13 October 1928), known before her marriage as Princess Dagmar of Denmark, was a Danish princess and Empress of Russia as spouse of Emperor Alexander III (reigned 1881–1894). She was the second daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark and Louise
of Hesse-Kassel; her siblings included Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom,

St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
King Frederick VIII of Denmark and King George I of Greece. Her eldest son
became the last Russian monarch,
Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, whom she outlived by ten years.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Feodorovna_(Dagmar_of_Denmark)




St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
Tett med turistbusser utenfor
the Peter and Paul Fortress.

St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
The Peter and Paul Fortress is the original citadel of St. Petersburg,
Russia, founded by Peter the Great in
1703 and built to Domenico Trezzini's
designs from 1706 to 1740 as a star
fortress. In the early 1920s, it was still
used as a prison and execution ground
by the Bolshevik government.

St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
Today it has been adapted as the central and most important part of the State Museum of Saint Petersburg History. The museum has gradually become virtually the sole owner of the fortress building, except the structure occupied by the Saint Petersburg Mint (Monetniy Dvor).
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_and_Paul_Fortress
St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
Noen slapper av i gresset utenfor festningen.

 St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
Inngangen til The Peter and Paul Fortress.
Tårnet til Peter and Paul Cathedral er godt synlig.


 St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
På tur langs Nevas bredder.

 St-Petersburg
Så nærmer det seg slutten på besøket vårt i St Petersburg.
Vi er på vei tilbake til cruiseterminalen.


 St-Petersburg
Vi forlot St. Petersburg kl 1800. Ved 20-tida passerte vi Kotlin.
 Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin

 Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin
Kotlin (or Kettle, Finnish: Retusaari, Swedish: Reitskär) is a Russian island, located near the
head of the Gulf of Finland, 32 kilometres (20 mi) west of Saint Petersburg in the Baltic Sea. Kotlin separates the Neva Bay from the rest of the gulf. The fortified town of Kronstadt is
located on the island. The island serves as a gateway to Saint Petersburg and as such has
been the site of several military engagements.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kotlin_Island


 Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin
Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin
Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin

Kronstadt was founded by Emperor Peter the Great in 1704 as a maritime fortress and naval base on
Kotlin Island. The name "Kronstadt" was invented by Peter the Great, and in German means "Crown City".

The port is ice-bound for 140–160 days in the year, from the beginning of December to April. A very large proportion of the inhabitants are sailors.

The Kronstadt Sea Fortress used to be considered the most fortified port in the world. Kronstadt still
retains some of the "forts", small fortified artificial islands. Others were destroyed or recycled during
the construction of the Saint Petersburg Flood Prevention Facility Complex, a brand new dam of
protective structures, which connects the island to the shore and is part of the federal city's Ring Road.

Formerly, there were 42 such forts, situated in line between the southern and northern shores of the Gulf of Finland. Some fortifications were located inside the city itself, and one was on the western shore of the Kronslot Island (on the other side of the main navigational channel).


Until 1998, Kronstadt was a closed city, from then on it became a touristic attraction with free access to its territory. The exception is Kronstadt military harbor, and the territories of various military units stationed in the city and surrounding area. The architecture of the city center and city walls mostly dates from the first half of the 19th century.

In the 1970s and 80s, modern neighborhoods were built on the outskirts of the city.
https://en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Kronstadt


 Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin

 Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin
Cruise_Costa-Magica_fruktfigur
Cruise_Costa-Magica_fruktfigur

Cruise_Costa-Magica
Cruise_Costa-Magica
Kveld ombord, med solnedgang og fruktfigurer

 Cruise_Costa-Magica
Cruise_Costa-Magica
Underholdning på Atria Italia Magica

Torsdag 26. juli 2018

Vi ankom Tallinn kl 09 00.
Etter frokost tok vi shuttlebuss inn til gamlebyen.
Det var ikke mer enn et par km å gå inn til byen, men det er lett å gå litt
feil når man ikke er kjent.



Tallinn (tidligere også Reval, gammelsvensk: Lindanäs, gammeldansk: Lyndanisse) er hovedstaden og den største havnebyen i Estland. Byen har 441 357 innbyggere
(1. august 2016) og ligger helt nord på den baltiske halvøy, 80 km sør for Helsingfors.
Den ble erobret av danskene i 1219 og solgt til Den tyske orden i 1346. Byen ble erobret av svenskene under Livlandskrigen i 1561 og var under svensk kontroll til svenskene tapte sine besittelser i Baltikum til Russland i 1710 under den store nordiske krig. Den var hovedstad
 i det selvstendige Estland fra 1918 frem til den sovjetiske okkupasjonen under og etter
andre verdenskrig og ble hovedstad på ny etter Estlands selvstendighet i 1991.
Byen har norsk ambassade.
Tallinn er en av Nord-Europas best bevarte middelalderbyer. Byens gamleby, Vanalinn,
ble oppført på UNESCOs verdensarvliste i 1997. I 2011 var Tallinn europeisk
kulturhovedstad.
https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tallinn
 

 Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn
Skulpturen:

The fountain originally
stood at a private house.
In 1996 the fountain was placed in storage, and
later the statue was
stolen. A new cast of the sculpture was unveiled
at the present location 15 May 2008.

http://vanderkrogt.net/statues/object.php?webpage=ST&record=ee013


 
Skulpturen er laget av Mare Mikoff (Tallinn 1941), Estonian sculptor
http://vanderkrogt.net/statues/object.php?webpage=ST&record=ee013

 Cruise_Tallinn

 Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn

Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn

Man finner mange forskjellige stilarter i Tallinn.
Se: https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/discover/articles-guides/architecture-in-tallinn

 Cruise_Tallinn

 Cruise_Tallinn

 Cruise_Tallinn

 Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn

Til høyre sees Rådhuset i Tallinn.

Tallinn Town Hall is the oldest city hall in North-Europe and the only preserved one in
Gothic style. The story of the building dates back to the 13th century and it was completed,
 in its current form, in 1404.
https://www.visitestonia.com/en/tallinn-town-hall-25

 Cruise_Tallinn


 Cruise_Tallinn
Püha Vaimu Kirik

 Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn
Tallinn
Püha Vaimu Kirik
Building of the church probably started sometime during the first half of the 13th century,
and the church is mentioned in written sources for the first time in 1319.
The fact that the
church does not face due east may suggest that it was erected in an already built-up area
and had to adapt to the street layout.

Estland_Tallinn
Estland_Tallinn
Originally the church was part of a greater almshouse complex, and dedicated to the
Holy Ghost
, and apart from the main entrance on the north side of the church, there
was also an entrance from the almshouse yard, on the south side of the church.


The oldest part of the church is the choir, to which the aisle was added sometime in the
late 13th century or early 14th century. The original wooden ceiling was replaced in
1360, when the present vaulting, tower and large
 gothicwindows were added. In 1630,
the tower received its current appearance, which however is a reconstruction as the
tower was ravaged by fire in both 1684 and 2002.
The church was the first church in
Estonia to hold services in Estonian, and the first extracts of the
 catechism to be
published in Estonian were printed here in 1535.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Church_of_the_Holy_Spirit,_Tallinn

 Estland_Tallinn
Estland_Tallinn
Bilder fra Ajaloo Muuseum,
Grest Guild Hall



 Estland_Tallinn
Town Hall Square has been a market place and the centre of this old Hanseatic town
since the Middle Ages. It became the centre of the Lower Town at the turn of the 13th
and 14th centuries.
https://www.visitestonia.com/en/tallinn-town-hall-square


 Estland_Tallinn
Olde Hansa
Tallinn_Olde-Hansa
This unforgettable, Medieval-style restaurant
is set up like the welcoming home of a 15th-century Hanseatic merchant. Here you can soothe your hunger with roasted game meat, raise your spirit with flavoured wines and enjoy
the genuine Medieval atmosphere complete with colourful murals, period music, candlelight and
caring service.
https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/eat-drink/restaurants/pid-175225/olde-hansa


Tallinn_Olde-Hansa

Restauranten: se bildet på http://www.emblemsvaag.no/Tallinn/Tallinn.html
Tallinn_Olde-Hansa
The medieval shop based in Olde Hansa, sells souvenirs from local and international
producers including glassware, pottery, silver jewellery and authentic replicas of items
used by medieval townsfolk.
https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/see-do/shopping/pid-175622/krambude
Estland_Tallinn
Olde Hansa Shoppe
Tallinn_Town-Hall
Town Hall


 Estland_Tallinn

 Tallinn

 Tallinn_Estland

 Tallinn_Estland
Nikolai-kirken
Tallinn_Estland
Tallinn_Estland
"SHORT LEG GATE" LUHIKE JALG




 Tallinn_Estland
Bymuren
Tallinn_Estland
Tallinn_Estland
Left:
Toompea Castle (Estonian: Toompea loss) (Latin: Castrum Danorum) is a castle on Toompea hill in the central part of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. The castle,
an ancient stronghold site in use since at
least the 9th century, today houses the
Parliament of Estonia.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toompea_Castle



 Tallinn_Estland
St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral

This spectacular, onion-domed structure perched atop Toompea Hill is Estonia's main
Russian Orthodox cathedral.
It's also by far the grandest, most opulent Orthodox church in Tallinn.
Built in 1900, when Estonia was part of the tsarist Russian empire, the cathedral was
originally intended as a symbol of the empire's dominance – both religious and
political – over this increasingly unruly Baltic territory.
The cathedral was dedicated to the Prince of Novgorod, Alexander Yaroslavich Nevsky,
who led the famous Battle of the Ice at Lake Peipsi in 1242, which halted the German
crusaders' eastward advance.
It was deliberately placed in this prominent location

 Tallinn_Estland
right in front of Toompea Castle, on the same spot where a statue of Martin Luther had previously stood, to show the mainly Lutheran locals who was in charge. Now with the controversy long since faded, what's left is simply an architectural
masterpiece. Designed by respected St. Petersburg architect Mikhail Preobrazhenski,
the church is richly decorated in a mixed historicist style. The interior, filled with
mosaics and icons, is well worth a visit.

The church's towers' hold Tallinn's most powerful church bell ensemble, consisting
of 11 bells, including the largest in Tallinn, weighing 15 tonnes. You can hear the
entire ensemble playing before each service.
https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/see-do/sightseeing/pid-307/st-alexander-nevsky-cathedral
Tallinn_Estland
Tallinn_Estland
Gløgg-tønne
Lunsj i Tallinn.

 Tallinn_Estland
Utsikt-sted
Tallinn_Estland
St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
Tallinn_Estland


 Tallinn_Estland
The Maiden Tower is another of the old towers that were located along the old fortified
walls of the city of Tallinn, Estonia. It can be found in the Old Town Sector, not very far
from Town Hall or its sister structure, the Kiek in de Kok. Both of these towers date
back to the 14th Century, and have been part of the landscape of the town for many
years.

The Maiden Tower has suffered from the damage of war at many different points in its
history, and you can see some of the canon damage upon close inspection.
 It has undergone repair in almost every century since.


One of the most interesting things about the tower is that is used to be used as a
prison for prostitutes, which is why it is called the Maiden Tower.
In fact, local legend states that some of the old prisoners still haunt the structure.
On a clear dark night, you might be able to see the lights of some old ghost
roaming the stairs.
https://www.gpsmycity.com/attractions/maiden-tower-(neitsitorn)-25449.html


 Tallinn_Estland

Explore this sturdy, 14th-century tower, sip coffee in its swank café or
walk along the Town Wall for some amazing views.  

 Tallinn_Estland

Maiden's Tower, one of the more famous of Tallinn's medieval defence towers, was recently renovated and reopened a museum, complete with an exhibition hall in its vaulted cellar. Its famous café, a big hit in the 1980s, has also been restored to its past glory. 

Meghede torne, as it was originally called, was built in 1370-1373 along with the wall that runs through the Danish King’s Garden.  In 1461-62, the whole complex was made higher, a new parapet with a roof and new-type loopholes was added, and the base of the embrasure was changed to support heavier, large-calibre firearms.
https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/see-do/sightseeing/pid-174325/maiden-s-tower


Tallinn_Estland

This open, garden-like area on the slopes of Toompea Hill happens to be the
legendary birthplace of the Danish flag.

Nestled between the city wall and Lower Town, this relaxing spot is called the
Danish King's Garden because it was supposedly here that King Valdemar II of
Denmark and his troops camped before conquering Toompea in 1219.  
More importantly, a well-known legend both in Estonia and Denmark holds that
the Danish flag, the Dannebrog, originated right here.



 Tallinn_Estland

According to the story, Valdemar's forces were losing their battle with the Estonians when suddenly the skies opened and a red flag with a white cross floated down from the heavens. Taking this as a holy sign, the Danes were spurred on to victory.
Today the garden remains a place where locals honour the role Denmark played in Estonia's history. Halfway down the steps towards Rüütli street you can see an iron sword and shield
with a Danish cross, and each summer, Danneborg Day is celebrated here.
https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/see-do/sport-adventure/pid-174827/danish-king-s-garden
Tallinn_Estland

Tallinn_Estland
Trapp ned fra tårnet

Tallinn_Estland
Taket på et av tårna.
Tallinn_Estland

         Tallinn_Estland
Tallinn_Estland
Utstilling i tårnet


 Tallinn_Estland

 Tallinn_Estland
Katariina käik (St. Catherine's Passage)
Tallinn_Estland
Tallinn_Estland
Easily the most picturesque of Old Town's lanes, this half-hidden walkway runs behind what used to be St. Catherine's Church. 
It connects Vene street with the Müürivahe street where the town's famous knit market operates. 
What makes the passage particularly interesting is that it's home to the St. Catherine's Guild, a collection of craft workshops where artists use traditional methods to create and sell glassware, hats, quilts, ceramics, jewellery, hand-painted silk and other wares. The workshops are housed in the small, 15th- to 17th-century rooms on the south side of the lane, and are set up in an open-studio fashion so visitors can watch the artists at work, be it glass-blowing, weaving or pottery making.
https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/see-do/sightseeing/pid-174826/katariina-kaik-st-catherine-s-passage

 Tallinn_Estland
The remains of the Dominican Monastery are very tucked away and as a result see few
tourists. The entrance is off St Catherine's Passage, between Muurivahe & Vene St. Look
out for signs with a spotted dog on, this is the symbol of Dominicans. In medieval times
the monks where called Domini Canes (Dogs of God) and wore white robes with black
capes. This monastery was founded in 1246 and is one of the oldest buildings in town.

https://www.tripadvisor.co.za/ShowUserReviews-g274958-d3442973-r241658965-Dominican_Monastery_Claustrum-Tallinn_Harju_County.html
Tallinn_Estland
Bymur
Tallinn_Estland
Litt av det moderne Tallinn
Tallinn_Estland
Tallinn_Estland
 
Vi var tilbake i båten i god tid før middag, så vi rakk en tur på soldekk.


          Cruise_Costa-Magica_basseng
Cruise_Costa-teatersalen
The tenor Spero Bongiolatti
"in Consert" Emotion and passion.
Urbino teater.

Cruise_Costa.Magica

La Notte in Maschera i Capri Lounge

Fredag 27. juli 2018

Vi skulle ha vært i Stockholm klokka 0900, men tåka lå tett over innseilinga,
så vi ble nesten 3 timer forsinka.
Ve 12-tida gikk vi i land og tok shuttlebuss inn til byen.



 Cruise_festning_ved_Oxsdjupet
Festning ved Oxdjupet

 Cruise_festning_ved_Oxsdjupet

 Cruise_Stockholms_innseiling
Tåka har letta og vi kan fortsette mot Stockholm

 Cruise_Stockholms_innseiling
Cruise_Stockholms_innseiling
Stockholm-selfi


 Stockholm
Så er vi i Stockholm. I bakgrunnen Stockholms opera.

 Stockholm
Stockholm
Stockholms slott,
norra längan, renomégruppen

Stockholm

De første bygningen vi kom til var Riksdagshuset og det Kungliga Slottet.
Stockholm
Stockholm

tockholm Palace or the Royal Palace (Swedish: Stockholms slott or Kungliga slottet) is the official residence and major royal palace of the Swedish monarch (the actual residence of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia is at Drottningholm Palace). Stockholm Palace is located on Stadsholmen, in Gamla stan in the capital, Stockholm. It neighbours the Riksdag building. The offices of the King, the other members of the Swedish Royal Family, and the offices of the Royal Court of Sweden are located here. The palace is used for representative purposes by the King whilst performing his duties as the head of state.
This royal residence has been in the same location by Norrström in the northern part of Gamla stan in Stockholm since the middle of the 13th century when the Tre Kronor Castle was built. In modern times the name relates to the building called Kungliga Slottet.

Stockholm
Stockholm_Slottet

The palace was designed by Nicodemus Tessin the Younger and erected on the same
place as the medieval Tre Kronor Castle which was destroyed in a fire on 7 May 1697.
Due to the costly Great Northern War which started in 1700, construction of the palace
was halted in 1709, and not recommenced until 1727—six years after the end of the war.
When Tessin the Younger died in 1728, the palace was completed by Carl Hårleman
who also designed a large part of its Rococo interior. The palace was not ready to use
until 1754, when King Adolf Frederick and Queen Louisa Ulrika moved in, but some
interior work proceeded until the 1770s.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockholm_Palace

 Stockholm_Slottet
Vaktavløsning

 Stockholm_Slottet

 Stockholm_Slottet

 Stockholm_Slottet

 Stockholm_Gamla-Stan.
Gamla Stan

 Stockholm_Gamla-Stan.
Gamla Stan, the Old Town, is one of the largest and best preserved medieval city centers in Europe, and one of the foremost attractions in Stockholm. This is where Stockholm was founded in 1252.
All of Gamla Stan and the adjacent island of Riddarholmen are like a living pedestrian-friendly museum full of sights, attractions, restaurants, cafés, bars, and places to shop. Gamla Stan is also popular with aficionados of handicrafts, curious, and souvenirs. The narrow winding cobblestone streets, with their buildings in so many different shades of gold, give Gamla Stan its unique character. Even now cellar vaults and frescoes from the Middle Ages can be found behind the visible facades, and on snowy winter days, the district feels like something from a storybook.
https://www.visitstockholm.com/see--do/attractions/gamla-stan/

 Stockholm_Gamla-Stan.

 Stockholm_Gamla-Stan
Sankt Göran och Draken
Stockholm_Gamla-Stan
tekst


 Stockholm_Gamla-Stan
Stockholm_Gamla-Stan
Stockholm_Gamla-Stan.

                Stockholm_Gamla-Stan


 Stockholm_havn
Havn i Stockholm
Thor Heyerdahl av Kiel
Stockholm_seilskuta_Thor-Heyerdahl_av_Kiel


 Stockholm_seilskuta_Thor-Heyerdahl_av_Kiel

 Stockholm_havn

Etter Gamla Stan dro vi på båttur igjen.

 Stockholm
Lav bro

 Stockholm
Små og litt større båter

 Stockholm
Dramaten
Stockholm
Finngrundet är ett fyrskepp byggt
1903 vid Brodins varv i Gävle.
Tidigare låg hon under den isfria delen
av året för ankar i södra Bottenhavet,
för att markera just Finngrundet.
År 1969 togs fartyget ur tjänst och ägs
numera av Statens maritima museer som museifartyg. Fyrskeppet kan ses vid
Jagarpiren utanför Vasamuseet i
Stockholm, där hon ligger förtöjd
tillsammans med isbrytaren S/S Sankt
Erik.
https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finngrundet
Til høyre:

Gröna Lund (IPA: [ˈɡrøːna ˈlɵnːd]) is an amusement park in Stockholm, Sweden.
It is on the seaward side of Djurgården Island. It is relatively small compared to other amusement parks, mainly because of its central location, which limits expansion.
The 15 ac (6 ha) amusement park has over 30 attractions and is a popular venue for
 concerts in the summer. It was founded in 1883 by James Schultheiss.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gr%C3%B6na_Lund

 Stockholm_Grona-Lund

Stockholm_Grona-Lund
Gröna Lund's roots are in
the 1880s, making it Sweden's oldest amusement park. However the area has been used for similar purposes since the early
18th century. In 1883, a German by the name of
Jacob Schultheiss rented
the area to erect "carousels and other amusements".
Until 2001, descendants of Schultheiss ran Gröna Lund. Before the amusement park came into being, Gröna
Lund was the name of a
small park.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gr%C3%B6na_Lund

 Stockholm_Grona-Lund
Stockholm og Grøna Lund

 Stockholm

 Stockholm

 Stockholm
Hop on - hop off

 Stockholm
Skansen

 Stockholm
Djurgården
Stockholm
Djurgården
Stockholm


 Stockholm_minnestein
Vi gikk tilbake til Costa Magica, og fikk se denne minnesteinen.
Norge takker for utdannelsen av 14700 politisoldater i Sverige
under den annen verdenskrig
.

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_restaurant-Smeralda

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_restaurant-Smeralda
Cruise_Costa-Magica_restaurant-Smeralda
Siste middag i Ristorante Costa Smeralda.
Det var underholdning og dans.
Kelnerne dansen med gjestene,
og tilslutt dannet alle lenke og gikk rundt i restauranten.


Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_solnedgang
Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_solnedgang


 Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_solnedgang
Siste kveld på dekk.
En fin kveld, som alle de andre kveldene ombord.

Lørdag 28. juli 2018

Vi går i land.
En buss henter oss og kjører oss til Arlanda.
Fra Gardermoen tog til Oslo S, derfra T-bane til
Nasjonalteatret og båt fra Aker brygge.

Cruise_Stockholm_Costa-Magica
Stockholm_Arlanda
En øl på Arlanda


 Oslo_Baronessen
Nesten hjemme. Vi er ombord på hurtigbåten Baronessen

 Oslo_Akershus-Slott_og_skuta_Serenissima.
Oslo, Akershus festning
tilbake til 1. side

Foto
Karl Martin Emblemsvåg og
Grete Emblemsvåg