Cruise i Østersjøen med Costa Magica

21. juli til 28. juli 2018

Cruiset begynte og avsluttet i Stockholm.
Underveis besøkte vi Helsinki i Finland, St. Petersburg i Russland,
(kanaltur, Vinterpalasset, Church on the Spilled Blood,
Catherine Palace, Peterhof Park, The Saints Peter & Paul Cathedral
Kronstadt på Kotlin, Tallinn i Estland og Stockholm i Sverige

Siden er fra 11. august 2018, rettet 7. september 2018

Grete Emblemsvåg

Endringer 27.8.2019

tilbake til 1. side
Første etappe gikk med fly til Stockholm.   Vi ble hentet på Arlanda
flyplass og kjørt til Frihamnen Cruiseterminal,  der Costa Magica ventet.


Lørdag 21. juli 2018

Cruise_Gardermoen_isbjorn

Isbjørn på Gardermoen Flyplass, Oslo


Cruise_Arlanda

Stor trafikk på Arlanda Flyplass, Stockholm


 Cruise_St-Petersburg_Costa-Magica
Costa Magica
Her i havn i St. Petersburg

Cruise_Costa-Magica
Vi er på plass i lugaren, vårt
hjem de neste 7 dagene.

Ombord rakk vi akkurat å
spise før lunsjserveringen
var over.
Hadde vi ikke rukket den,
hadde det ikke vært lenge
å vente før det var tea-time
med kaker og mere til.
Cruise_Costa-Magica
Ristorante Buffet Bellagio



 Cruise_Costa-Magica_kapellet
Kapellet ombord
Cruise_Costa-Magica_kapellet
Cruise_Costa-Magica_kapellet

Skulpturen står rett
utenfor kapellet


Middagen spiste vi på
Ristorante Costa Smeralda
hver kveld.
Der hadde vi fast bord
sammen med åtte andre
norske turister.

God mat hver kveld




Etter middagen gikk vi
til baren.
Her Pianobar
Capo Colonna.
Cruise_Costa-Magica


 Cruise_Costa-Magica
Kveld og stille på soldekk.

 Cruise_Costa-Magica
Stockholm en sen kveld.

 Cruise_Stockholm_solnedgang
Solnedgang i Stockholm

Første natta lå båten i Stockholm.

Klokka 7 neste morgen seilte vi mot Helsinki.
En fin tur gjennom Stockholms skjærgård.

Ankomst Helsinki klokka 8 mandag 23. juli




Søndag 22. juli 2018

Søndag var vi på sjøen hele dagen.

Fin seiling gjennom Stockholms skjærgård.

Cruise_Costa-Magica_soldekk
En fin dag på soldekket




Cruise_Costa-Magica_restaurant_Belaggio
Frokost på restaurant Belaggio


 Cruise_Costa-Magica_soldekk

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_soldekk

Cruiset begynte med en rolig dag.
Været var fint, og vi koste oss på dekk og i boblebadet.


 Cruise_festning_innseiling_Stockholm
Fredriksborgs fästning är en befästningsanläggning i
Värmdö kommun vid Oxdjupet, inloppet till Stockholm.
Fästningen bestod av torn, strandverk och kringbyggnader.
Anläggningen ingick i försvaret som byggdes upp i Stockholms
skärgård för att skydda Stockholm efter rysshärjningarna utmed
ostkusten 1719.

https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fredriksborgs_f%C3%A4stning

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_seagulls
Måkene følger båten
Cruise_Costa-Magica_seagulls
Cruise_Costa-Magica_i_seilert_og_los

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_innseiling

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_innseiling
Mange idyller i Stockholms skjærgård

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_innseiling

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_fergene_Gulli_og_Frida
Fergene Gulli og Frida

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_i_little_island

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_soldekk
Folksomt rundt bassengene

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_soldekk
Taket over boblebad og basseng kan trekkes til side.

Cruise_Costa-Magica_Grete_i_boblebadet
Grete tar boblebad

Cruise_Costa-Magica_solnedgang
Det er kveld og middagstid.
Grete stiller i lang kjole
denne kvelden.


 

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_restaurant-Smeralda
Ristorante Costa Smeralda.
Under middagen var det underholdning.

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_solnedgang
Det er kveld og stille på restaurantene rundt bassengene.
Show med ABBA-melodier
i Gran Bar Salento

Cruise_Costa-Magica_bar_Salento_ABBA-show

Mandag 23. juli 2018

 Ankomst Helsinki klokka 8.

Det var ca 3,5 km og gå inn til Helsinki sentrum.
Derfor var det satt opp chuttlebusser som skulle gå
fra klokka 0830 til 1700.
Alle skulle være ombord kl 17 30 og
klokka 18 00 skulle vi seile videre mot St. Petersburg.

Helsinki (/ˈhɛlsɪŋki, hɛlˈsɪŋki/;Finnish: [ˈhelsiŋki]; Swedish: Helsingfors
[hɛlsɪŋˈfɔʂː] 
is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
Located on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, it is the seat of the region of
Uusimaa in southern Finland, and has a population of 642,045.
The city's urban area has a population of 1,231,595, making it by far the
most populous urban area in Finland as well as the country's most
important center for politics, education, finance, culture, and research.
Helsinki is located 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn, Estonia,
400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm, Sweden, and 390 km (240 mi)
west of Saint Petersburg, Russia.
It has close historical ties with these three cities.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helsinki


 Cruise_Helsinki_havna
Grete i Helsinki havn

 Cruise_Helsinki_havna
Havn, salgsboder og Uspenski-katedralen

 Cruise_Helsinki_havna
Samme sted som bildet til venstre var det pariserhjul og badebasseng.

 Cruise_Helsinki_havna
Karl Martin har
alltid lyst på en
Magnum is.

Cruise_Helsinki_havna



Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin_katedralen
Uspenski Cathedral
(Finnish: Uspenskin katedraali,
Swedish: Uspenskij
katedralen
, Russian:
Успенский собор
,
Uspenskij sobor
) is an Eastern Orthodox
cathedral in
 Helsinki,
Finland,
and main cathedral
of the
 Orthodox
Church of Finland
, dedicated
to the
 Dormition
of the
 Theotokos
(the Virgin Mary).
Its name comes
from the
 Old
ChurchSlavonic

word
uspenie, which
denotes the
Dormition.
Designed by the

Russian

architect
Aleksey Gornostayev
(1808–1862).
The cathedral was
built after his death
in 1862–1868.


Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin-katedralen
The crypt chapel of  the cathedral
is named after the holy
 Alexander
Hotovitzky
, who served as vicar of
the Orthodox parish of Helsinki 1914–1917.

The Cathedral is set upon a hillside on

the
 Katajanokka peninsula overlooking
the city. On the back of the cathedral,

there is a plaque commemorating Russian Emperor Alexander II, who was
the sovereign of the Grand Duchy of Finland during the cathedral's construction.
Main cathedral of the
 Finnish Orthodox Church in the diocese of Helsinki,
Uspenski Cathedral is claimed to be the largest
orthodox church in Western
Europe
.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uspenski_Cathedral,_Helsinki

Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin-katedralen
Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin-katedralen
Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin-katedralen


 Cruise_Helsinki_Domkirken_fra_Uspenskin-katedralen
Domkirken sett fra Uspenskin-katedralen
Cruise_Helsinki_Uspenskin-katedral-plassen

Plassen foran Uspenskin-katedralen
Cruise_Helsinki


 Cruise_Helsinki
Havn i Helsinki
Cruise_Helsinki_Ravintola-Nokka
Cruise_Helsinki_Ravintola-Nokka

Ravintola Nokka

Cruise_Helsinki
The lightship Relandersgrund at
the Meritullintori quay is a floating
cafe and bar, open from May to
October. A nice seaview
towards Korkeasaari island as
well as over the Uspenski
cathedral, along the shoreline of Katajanokka to the ice breakers
and also towards the old wooden
ships at Halkolaituri quay.
A wide selection of beverages,
also some snacks available.

https://www.myhelsinki.fi/en/node/30479
              (26.8.2019)
Cruise_Helsinki


 Cruise_Helsinki_Domkirken_og_statuen_av_Aleksander_II
The Senate Square (Finnish: Senaatintori, Swedish: Senatstorget)
presents Carl Ludvig Engel's architecture as a unique allegory of
political, religious, scientific and commercial powers in the centre of
Helsinki, Finland.
Senate Square and its surroundings make up the oldest part of central
Helsinki. Landmarks and famous buildings surrounding the square
are the Helsinki Cathedral, the Government Palace, main building of
the University of Helsinki, and Sederholm House (Finnish: Sederholmin
talo), the oldest building of central Helsinki dating from 1757.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helsinki_Senate_Square
Cruise_Helsinki_Domkirken
Helsinki Cathedral (Finnish:
Helsingintuomionkirkko,
Suurkirkko; Swedish:
Helsingfors domkyrka,
Storkyrkan) is the
Finnish Evangelical Lutheran
cathedral of the Diocese of
Helsinki, located in the
neighborhood of Kruununhaka
in the centre of Helsinki, Finland.
The church was originally built
from 1830-1852 as a tribute to
the Grand Duke of Finland, Tsar
Nicholas I of Russia.
It was also known as
St Nicholas' Church
until the independence of
Finland in 1917.
It is a major landmark of the
city.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Helsinki_Cathedral



 Cruise_Helsinki_Domkirken

 Cruise_Helsinki_Domkirken_alterparti
Helsinki Domkirke, alter

 Cruise_Helsinki_Senatsplassen
Senatsplassen
æ

Cruise_Helsinki_statuen_av_Aleksander_II

Statuen av Alexander II
På Senatsplassen i Helsinki.
Bak statuen ligger
hovedbygningen
til Universitetet.



A statue of Emperor
Alexander II
 is located
in the center of the square.
The statue, erected in 1894, was
built to commemorate his re-establishment of the
Diet of Finland in 1863 as well
as his initiation of several
reforms that increased
Finland's autonomy from Russia.
The statue comprises Alexander
on a pedestal surrounded by
figures representing law, culture,
and peasants.
The sculptor was Walter
Runeberg.During the
Russification of Finland from
1899 onwards, the statue became
a symbol of quiet resistance, with
people protesting against the
decrees of Nicholas II by leaving
flowers at the foot of the statue
of his grandfather, then known
in Finland as "the good czar".
After Finland's independence in
1917, demands were made to
remove the statue. Later, it was
suggested to replace it with the equestrian statue of Mannerheim currently
located on Mannerheimintie in
front of the Kiasma museum.


Cruise_Helsinki_Senatsplassen_Nasjonalbiblioteket
Nasjonalbiblioteket
Cruise_Helsinki

 Cruise_Helsinki

Statue of Emperor Alexander II
Nothing came of either of these suggestions, and today the statue
is one of the major tourist landmarks of the city and a
reminder of Finland's close relationship with Imperial Russia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helsinki_
Senate_Square
Cruise_Helsinki
Cruise_Helsinki_Fazer

Cruise_Helsinki_Fazer
Grete handler i Fazer-butikken
Cruise_Helsinki_Fazer


Cruise_Helsinki_Esplanad
Statuen av Finlands
nasjonalskald
Johan Ludvig Runeberg
i Esplanadparken i
Helsingfors.

Monumentet er formet av
dikterens sønn Walter
Runeberg og reist 1885.
https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esplanadparken#/
media/File:Statue_of_Johan_Ludvig_Runeberg_in_
Helsinki_-_DSC03903.JPG


Esplanadparken
, eller bare
Esplanaden, (finsk Esplanadin
puisto, populært Espen)
er en park i sentrum av
Helsingfors, avgrenset av
gatene Norra Esplanaden
og Södra Esplanaden, av
Svenska Teatern og
Mannerheimvägen i vest,
og av Salutorget i øst.
Parken fremkom første gang i Helsingfors' byplan fra 1812.
Parken er en av byens mest populære.
På nordsiden av parken står en rekke av byens fineste
nyrenessansebygninger.

https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esplanadparken
Cruise_Helsinki_Esplanad
Karl Martin er sliten av
kirker og handling

Cruise_Helsinki_Esplanad


Eino Leino (6 July 1878 – 10
January 1926) was a Finnish poet and journalist
and is considered one of the
pioneers of Finnish poetry.
His poems combine modern
and Finnish folk elements.
The style of much of
his work is like the Kalevala
and folk songs. Nature, love,
and despair are frequent
themes in Leino's work.
He is beloved and widely
read in Finland today.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eino_Leino




 Cruise_Helsinki_Esplanad_statue_ungdom

ETT MONUMENT ÖVER Z. TOPELIUS
"Saga och sanning" av Gunnar Finne

Helsinki_Esplanad_statue_Zacharias-Topelius
På sokkelen av
skulpturen til venstre.

Gunnar Finne (1886–1952)
önskade i den ursprungliga
versionen hylla Topelius med
två stående muser under namnet
»Sagan och historien«.
Efter kritikerstormen med krav
på att Topelius skulle
avporträtteras gick Finne till slut
med på att sätta in en
porträttrelief av författaren
på sockeln. Samtidigt
bearbetade konstnären ytterligare
statyn med de båda muserna, som
sedan symboliskt träffande fick
heta »Saga och sanning«.

http://www.sls.fi/sv/donatorernas-bok/
fonden-ett-monument-over-z-topelius


Cruisehavna i Helsinki
Cruisehavna i
Helsinki

 
Helsinki_Cruisehavna
Helsinki_Grete_ombord_Costa-Magica
Denne selen ønsker                                Grete tar et glass rødvin etter byturen.
velkommen til Helsinki


Tirsdag 24. juli 2018
Ankomst St. Petersburg
klokka 07 00.
Møtepunkt for den store
St. Petersburg-turen
klokka 0730 i
Grand Bar Salento.
(Det var den turen
vi skulle være
med på.)

Cruise_Coste-Magica_Bar-Salenta
Grand Bar Salento en tidlig
tirsdags morgen
.
Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, tr. Sankt-Peterburg, IPA:
[ˈsankt pʲɪtʲɪrˈburk]
)
is Russia's
 second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in
2012,
part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of
6.2 million (2015).
An important Russian
 port on the Baltic Sea, it has a status of a federal
subject
(a federal city).

Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the
Baltic Sea
, it was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27 [O.S. 16]
1703. On 1 September 1914, the name was changed from Saint Petersburg

Store blokker på veien
fra cruiseterminalen
og inn til
bysentrum.

St-Petersburg

to Petrograd (Russian: Петрогра́д, IPA: [pʲɪtrɐˈgrat]), on 26 January
1924 to
 Leningrad (Russian: Ленингра́д, IPA: [lʲɪnʲɪnˈgrat]), and on
7 September 1991 back to Saint Petersburg.


Between 1713 and 1728 and in 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the
capital of Imperial Russia. In 1918, the central government bodies
moved to Moscow, which is about 625 kilometres (388 mi) to the
south-east.
Saint Petersburg is one of the most modern cities of Russia, as well as
its cultural capital. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and
Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage
Site. Saint Petersburg is home to the Hermitage, one of the largest art
museums in the world. Many foreign consulates, international
corporations, banks and businesses have offices in Saint Petersburg.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Petersburg

 St-Petersburg

The Bolshoi Circus

More than 120 years ago, the
"Circus on the Fontanka" was
opened and became the first
Russian building (made of stone) designated specifically for circus performances. The idea of the
"stone circus" occurred to the
Italian circus actor, rider, and
trainer Gaetano Ciniselli.
This building was considered to
be one of the most beautiful
circus edifices in Europe. It is
common knowledge that

St-Petersburg_kanaltur

the last Russian Emperor’s
(Nicholas II) family liked to
visit this circus often.

https://www.expresstorussia.com/
guide/petersburg-circus.html

Til venstre:

Church of the Dormition, Church of the Assumption (Saint Petersburg)
The church was built in 1895-1897 by the cellar of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra.

kanaltur
 St-Petersburg_kanaltur
Fint med en båttur på elvene Fontanka og Neva

Fontanka (russisk: Фонтанка) er en elvekanal i Russland, en av floden
Nevas armer, som renner gjennom det sentrale Sankt Petersburg.
Fontanka er 7,6 km lang,[1] har et maksimalt dyp på 3,5 m samt en
største bredde på 70 m.
Fontanka kaltes for Den navnløse å (russisk: Безымянный ерик) fram
til ca 1712–1714 da den fikk det nåværende navnet i samband med at
den begynte å forsyne de mange fontenene i Sommerhagen med vann.
Frem til midten av 1700-tallet utgjorde den Sankt Petersburgs søndre
grense. Årene 1780-1789 forestod Andrej Kvasov en større regulering
 av elvekanalen, og det var da den fikk sine karakteristiske granittbanker.


 St-Petersburg_kanaltur


Fontanka krysses av femten broer. Den mest kjente turde være
Anitsjkovbroen på hovedgaten Nevskij prospekt.
To andre kjente broer er Lomonosovbroen og den ekstravagante
egyptiske bro.

https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fontanka

 St-Petersburg_kanaltur_sommerpalass
Summer Palace of Peter the Great

Summer Palace of Peter the Great

The first palace built in Saint Petersburg is not really a palace at all.
It is simply a regular two-story stone house in which Peter the Great,
the first Russian Emperor, spent the summer months. However,
this house is the beginning of the glorious history of Petersburg
palaces, which would soon match and even surpass the grandeur of
Versailles, Buckingham Palace and other great palaces of the world.
Since its construction, the Summer Palace has hardly been altered,
and today it gives its visitors a rare opportunity to see life as it was
300 years ago.

 St-Petersburg_kanaltur
The Trinity (Troitsky) Bridge was opened in 1903 as part of the
celebrations of St. Petersburg's 200th anniversary.
It was the third permanent bridge, after Blagoveshchenskiy Bridge
and Liteiniy Bridge, to be laid across the River Neva, running form
just north of the Field of Mars on the left bank of the river to the
Petrograd Side next to the Peter and Paul Fortress. Measuring 582
meters, it is the second longest bridge in the city, one of the busiest,
and also one of the most beautiful thanks to its spectacularly
ornate Art Nouveau design.

http://www.saint-petersburg.com/bridges/unmissable-trinity-bridge/

 St-Petersburg_kanaltur
The Neva (Russian: Нева́, IPA: [nʲɪˈva]) is a river in northwestern Russia
flowing from Lake Ladoga through the western part of Leningrad Oblast
(historical region of Ingria) to the Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland.
Despite its modest length of 74 kilometres (46 mi), it is the fourth largest
river in Europe in terms of average discharge (after the Volga, the Danube
and the Rhine).
The Neva is the only river flowing from Lake Ladoga. It flows through the
city of Saint Petersburg, three smaller towns of Shlisselburg, Kirovsk and
Otradnoye, and dozens of settlements. The river is navigable throughout
and is part of the Volga–Baltic Waterway and White Sea – Baltic Canal.
It is a site of numerous major historical events, including the Battle of the
Neva in 1240 which gave Alexander Nevsky his name, the founding of
Saint Petersburg in 1703, and the Siege of Leningrad by the German
army during World War II.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neva_River

 St-Petersburg_kanaltur_Vinterpalasset
Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_kanaltur
Hydrofoilen ankommer St Petersburg
St-Petersburg_kanaltur
Hermetage Bridge


 St-Petersburg_kanaltur
Krigsskip som er kommet for å delta i "Navy Day".
I bakgrunnen sees Peter and Paul Cathedral og Peter and Paul Fortress.


The regular Russian Navy was created at the initiative of Peter the
Great in 1696 during a war against Ottoman Empire.
Peter passed a decree on commencing the construction of a regular navy
on 20 October 1696. This date is considered the official birthday of the
regular Russian Navy.
During this Navy Day visitors will be able to see a parade of military
ships, submarines, and civilian vessels down the Neva and get on board
some of ships. In the evening fireworks will adorn the skies above the
Naval Museum on Vasilyevsky Island.Navy Day usually takes place on
the last Sunday in July
.
https://www.russiaeguide.com/st-petersburg-events.html

 St-Petersburg_kanaltur

Rostral Columns

These two columns standing on the Strelka ("spit") of Vasilyevsky Island
are as much a symbol of St. Petersburg as the open arches of Palace
Bridge, the dome of St. Isaac's Cathedral, or the spires of the Admiralty
and the Ss. Peter and Paul Cathedral.
For over two centuries, they have formed an integral part of the city's
central panorama over the River Neva, and are particularly impressive
on major public holidays, when torches are lit on top of them.

http://www.saint-petersburg.com/monuments/rostral-columns/
St-Petersburg_kanaltur
St-Petersburg_kanaltur
Mannen på bildet over vinket til oss fra de fleste av broene vi kjørte under.

Etter båtturen på kanal og elv, kjørte vi til Vinterpalasset.

St-Petersburg The most striking decorations on Anichkov Bridge, however, are
the Horse Tamers by Pyotr Klodt,
who also sculpted the equestrian
statue of Nicholas I on St. Isaac's
Square, and the quadriga above
the portico of the Bolshoi Theatre
in Moscow. These beautiful bronze
cast proved so popular that copies
of the sets at the eastern end of
the bridge, installed in 1841, were
sent as Imperial gifts to Frederick

William IV of Prussia and to the City of Naples within a decade. The sculptures
at the western end were
erected in 1850. During the Siege of Leningrad, the
sculptures were removed and buried in the grounds of the Anichkov Palace
nearby. Thus, unlike the bridge, they survived the war intact. All damage was
repaired, however, and the statues were restored to their rightful place on
1 May 1945, a week before victory was declared.

http://www.saint-petersburg.com/bridges/unmissable-anichkov-bridge/

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Her kom vi inn i palasset

The Winter Palace was built between 1754 and 1762 for Empress Elizabeth,
the daughter of Peter the Great.
Unfortunately, Elizabeth died
before the palace's completion
and only Catherine the Great
and her successors were able
to enjoy the sumptuous interiors
of Elizabeth's home.
Many of the palace's impressive
interiors have been remodeled
since then, particularly after
1837, when a huge fire destroyed
most of the building. Today the
Winter Palace, together with
four more buildings arranged
side by side along the river
embankment, houses the
extensive collections of the
Hermitage.
The Hermitage Museum is the
largest art gallery in Russia
and is among the largest and
most respected art museums in
the world.

http://www.saint-petersburg.com/virtual-tour/hermitage/

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset


 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
The Armorial Hall, or Guard Room  is decorated with vast stuccopanoplies.

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Pavilion Hall

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
The Small Throne Room of the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, also known
as the Peter the Great Memorial Hall, was created for Tsar Nicholas I in
1833, by the architect Auguste de Montferrand. Following a fire in 1837,
in which most of the palace was destroyed, the room was recreated
exactly as it had been before by the architect Vasily Stasov.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_Throne_Room_of_the_Winter_Palace
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St George's Hall, which served
as the palace's principal
throne room, was the scene of
many of the most formal
ceremonies of the Imperial court.
Most historically, it was the
setting of the opening of the First
State Duma by Nicholas II, in
1906. The Tsar was forced to
agree to the establishment of a
Duma as a concession to his
people in an attempt to avert
revolution.
However, the Imperial family
saw it as "the end of Russian
autocracy".

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_
George%27s_Hall_and_
Apollo_Room_
of_the_Winter_Palace

St George's Hall (also referred to as the Great Throne Room) is one
of the largest state rooms in the Winter Palace, St Petersburg.
It is located on the eastern side of the palace, and connected to The
Hermitage by the smaller Apollo Room.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_George%27s_Hall_and_Apollo_Room_
of_the_Winter_Palace

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St George's Hall
Ikke så lett å se på bildet,
men det er samme
mønster i gulv og tak,

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Utsikt fra Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Hage i 2. etasje

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Leonardo da Vinci -
Madonna and Child


 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

Leonardo da Vinci - Madonna and Child
Leonardo da Vinci - Madonna and Child”

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset_
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset_

the State Hermitage Museum
The museum was founded in 1764 when Catherine the Great purchased
a collection of 255 paintings from the German city of Berlin. Today, the
Hermitage boasts over 2.7 million exhibits and displays a diverse range
of art and artifacts from all over the world and from throughout history
(from Ancient Egypt to the early 20
th century Europe).
The Hermitage's collections include works by Leonardo da Vinci,
Michelangelo, Raphael and Titian, a unique collection of Rembrandts
and Rubens, many French Impressionist works by Renoir, Cezanne, Manet,
Monet and Pissarro, numerous canvasses by Van Gogh, Matisse, Gaugin
and several sculptures by Rodin.
 
http://www.saint-petersburg.com/virtual-tour/hermitage/

 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset_
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset_


 St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset_
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset

St-Petersburg_Vinterpalasset
Etter Vinterpalasset
kjørtevi til Church on
the Spilled Blood.

St. Petersburg Church on the Spilled Blood

St-Petersburg_Spilt-Blod-katedralen
St_Petersburg: modell av
"Church on the Spilled Blood"

Church of the Resurrection
of Jesus Christ is
known to
Petersburgers as
the Church
of the
Savior on the
Spilled Blood - or
even just
the
Church on the
Blood
- as it marks
the spot where
Alexander II was
fatally wounded in
 an assassination
attempt on March
1, 1881. Designed
by Alfred Parland
in the style of 16th
and 17th-century
Russian churches,
the Church of the Resurrection


St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood
St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood
provides a stark (some would say jarring) contrast to its
surroundings of Baroque, Classical and Modernist architecture.
http://www.saint-petersburg.com/cathedrals/church-resurrection-jesus-christ/

 St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood
St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood
Bildet til venstre




St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood
Bildet til høyre










St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood


 St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood

 St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood

 St_Petersburg_Church_on_the_Spilled_Blood
St_Petersburg
St-Petersburg
Det er tid for lunsj, vodka og russiks mat,
og til det russisk musikk.     Et fint måltid

St_Petersburg
Rett nr 1 av 5
Rett nr to var potetkake
med kaviar,
nr 3 var rødbetsuppe,
nr 4, kjøttsaus med
potetmos,
nr 5, dessert




 St-Petersburg

 St-Petersburg
The Monument to Nicholas I (Russian: Памятник Николаю I) is
a bronze equestrian monument of Nicholas I of Russia on
St Isaac's Square (in front of Saint Isaac's Cathedral) in Saint
Petersburg, Russia.
Unveiled on July 7th  [O.S. June 25th] 1859, the six-meter statue was a
technical wonder of its time. It was the first equestrian statue in Europe
with only two support points (the rear hooves of the horse), the only p
recedent being the 1852 equestrian statue of U.S. President Andrew
Jackson.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monument_to_Nicholas_I

 St-Petersburg
Saint Isaac's Square or Isaakiyevskaya Ploshchad (Russian: Исаа́киевская пло́щадь), known as Vorovsky Square (Russian: Площадь Воровского)
between 1923 and 1944, in Saint Petersburg, Russia is a major city square
sprawling between the Mariinsky Palace and Saint Isaac's Cathedral, which
separates it from Senate Square. The square is graced by the equestrian
Monument to Nicholas I.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Isaac%27s_Square
The Monument:
Designer: Auguste de Montferrand is the project head, the architect.
Sculptors: Peter Klodt, Robert Salemann, Nicholas Ramazanov
Architects: Ludwig Bohnstedt, Roman Weigelt


The Monument
Material: Bronze is a sculpture, high reliefs, letters, a fencing;
Pedestal is a red, grey granite, the shohansky porphyry, the Italian marble
Height: 16.3 meters full,
Equestrian statue is 6 meters

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monument_to_Nicholas_I

 St-Petersburg

 St-Petersburg
Saint Isaac's Cathedral or Isaakievskiy Sobor (Russian: Исаа́киевский
Собо́р) in Saint Petersburg, Russia, is the largest Russian Orthodox
cathedral (sobor) in the city.
It is the largest orthodox basilica and the fourth largest (by the volume
under the cupola) cathedral in the world. It is dedicated to Saint Isaac of
Dalmatia, a patron saint of Peter the Great, who had been born on the
feast day of that saint.

The church on St Isaac's Square was ordered by Tsar Alexander I, to
replace an earlier structure by Vincenzo Brenna, and was the fourth
consecutive church standing at this place.
A specially appointed commission examined several designs, including
that of the French-born architect Auguste de Montferrand (1786–1858),
who had studied in the atelier of Napoleon's designer, Charles Percier.
Montferrand's design was criticised by some members of the commission
for the dry and allegedly boring rhythm of its four identical pedimented
octastyle porticos. It was also suggested that despite gigantic dimensions,
the edifice would look squat and not very impressive. The members of the
commission, which consisted of well-known Russian architects, were also
particularly concerned by necessity to build a new huge building on the
old unsecure foundation. The emperor, who favoured the ponderous

Empire style of architecture, had to step in and solve the dispute in
Montferrand's favour
.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Isaac%27s_Cathedral

 St-Petersburg
Dette gudshuset ser ikke ut til å være i bruk

Khram Ikony Bozhyey Materi Miluyushchaya

Храм иконы божьей матери Милующей

(navn funnet på google maps)


Cruise_Costa-Magic

Vi kom tilbake til Costa
Magica i passe tid til
middag.

Etterpå var vi i Teatro
Urbina, som viste
forestillingen:
"Magic moments with
the singers Silvia Santoro
and Simone Pavesio
and the Costa Magica
dancers."


Onsdag 25. juli 2018
Tidlig opp igjen for å få med
mest muligav St. Petersburg.
Bussen skulle gå fra
cruiseterminalen klokka 07 00
og ta oss på landtur.
Først skulle vi til Catarina-palasset
i Tsarskoje Sela 25 km sørøst for
byen.
Derfra til Peterhof som ligger
25 km vest for St. Petersburg.
Fra Peterhof skulle vi tilbake til
byen og se Peter og
Paul-katadralen.


St-Petersburg
Store blokker mellom
cruiseterminalen
og bysentrum


The Catherine Palace is named after Catherine I, the wife of Peter the
Great, who ruled Russia for two years after her husband's death.
Originally a modest two-storey building commissioned by Peter for
Catherine in 1717, the Catherine Palace owes its awesome grandeur to
their daughter, Empress Elizabeth, who chose Tsarskoe Selo as her chief
summer residence. Starting in 1743, the building was reconstructed by
four different architects, before Bartholomeo Rastrelli, Chief Architect of
the Imperial Court, was instructed to completely redesign the building on
a scale to rival Versailles.

http://www.saint-petersburg.com/pushkin/catherine-palace/

St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset

Musikere på veien
opp mot palasset.
Vi fikk et glimt av
palasset også.


St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset

The Church of the Resurrection in the Catherine Palace.

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset

Vi var litt tidlig ute.
Da vi kom til Palasset
var det ca 20 minutter
å vente til
portene ble åpnet.

Da var det greit å
tilhøre en gruppe.
Vi kunne gå litt rundt
for å se
oss om, mens andre
passet plassen i køen.

Det var musikk og sang ved porten også, så tiden gikk fort.

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Musikere  utenfor Katarina-palasset

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Snart åpnes porten.

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Vi er innenfor porten til palasset

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Her kom vi inn. Mektig inngang.

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Keiserinne Elisabeth likte gull, mye gull.
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset


The Great Hall or the Light Gallery
is the most spacious premises in
the Catherine palace in Tsarskoye
Selo (Pushkin), its main hall.
The architect Bartholomeo Rastrelli accentuated this not only with the
splendour of the decor but also
with its magnificent dimensions,
for the hall is 860 sq.m, in area. 
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Official receptions and balls
were usually held here during
which 696 candles were burned
in the carved sconces in front
of the mirrors.

https://saint-petersburg.guide/pushkin
/catherine-palace-light-gallery-great-hall



 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
The first room beyond the Great Hall is the Chevalier Dining Room.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
More than 100 kilograms of gold were used to gild the sophisticated stucco
façade and numerous statues erected on the roof.
In front of the palace a great formal garden was laid out. It centres on the
azure-and-white Hermitage Pavilion near the lake, designed by Mikhail
Zemtsov in 1744, remodelled by Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli in 1749
and formerly crowned by a grand-gilded sculpture representing The
Rape of Persephone.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_Palace



 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
the White State Dining Room by Rastrelli
 

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
the White State Dining Room by Rastrelli
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
The Chinese Drawing Room,


 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
The Green Dining Room
The Amber Room (Russian: Янтарная комната, tr. Yantarnaya Komnata, German: Bernsteinzimmer, Polish: Bursztynowa komnata)
is a reconstructed chamber decorated in amber panels backed with
gold leaf and mirrors, located in the Catherine Palace of Tsarskoye
Selo near Saint Petersburg. Constructed in the 18th century in
Prussia, the original Amber
Room was dismantled and eventually disappeared during World War II.
Before its loss, it was considered an "Eighth Wonder of the World".
 A reconstruction was installed in the Catherine Palace between 1979 and
2003.
The Amber Room was intended in 1701 for the Charlottenburg
Palace, in Berlin, Prussia, but was eventually installed at the Berlin City
Palace. It was designed by German baroque sculptor Andreas Schlüter
and Danishamber craftsman Gottfried Wolfram. Schlüter and Wolfram
worked on the room until 1707, when work was continued by amber
masters Gottfried Turau and Ernst Schacht from Danzig (Gdańsk).
Rav-rommet var det
eneste rommet vi ikke
fikk lov til å ta bilder.

Dette er fra:
https://en.wikipedia.org/
wiki/Amber_Room
 It remained in Berlin until 1716, when it was given by the Prussian King
Frederick William I to his then ally, Tsar Peter the Great of the Russian Empire.
In Russia, the room was expanded, and after several renovations, it
covered more than 55 square metres (590 sq ft) and contained over
6 tonnes (13,000 lb) of amber.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amber_Room

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
 
The Picture Hall

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
When the German forces retreated after the siege of Leningrad, they
intentionally destroyed the residence. leaving only the hollow shell of
the palace behind. Prior to World War II, Soviet archivists managed
to document a fair amount of the interior, which proved of great
importance in reconstructing the palace.
Although the largest part of the reconstruction was completed in time
for the Tercentenary of St. Petersburg in 2003, much work is still
required to restore the palace to its former glory.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_Palace

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Etter å ha vandret gjennom slottet,
gikk vi  gjennom den store parken utenfor.


 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
Katarinaparken

 St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset
St-Petersburg_Katarina-Palasset_parken_
Kanal i Catherine-parken
St-Petersburg_ved_Katarina-Palasset_kirke


St. Catherine's Cathedral
in Tsarskoe
Selo - Sister Church to
Christ the Savior in Moscow



Fra Cathrine-slottet kjørte vi til Peterhof Park

 St-Petersburg_ved_Katarina-Palasset_egyptisk-port
The Egyptian Gate of Tsarskoye Selo was built in 1829 to replace the old
toll-bar, which had been made redundant by the expansion of Tsarskoe Selo.
The gate, which resembles the Egyptian revival style, was designed by
Adam Menelaws, who was inspired by the Temple of Khonsu gates.
The hieroglyphics were modeled by the professor Demut-Malinovsky.
The iron gate and the cast iron columns and plates, covered with
hieroglyphics, were cast in St. Petersburg at the Alexander Iron Works.
The Alexander Park extended to this gate until 1895, when part of it was
used for the building of barracks.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_Gate_of_Tsarskoye_Selo
St-Petersburg_ved_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof
The Peterhof Palace (Russian: Петерго́ф, IPA: [pʲɪtʲɪrˈɡof], German for
Peter's Court) is a series of palaces and gardens located in Petergof,
Saint Petersburg, Russia, laid out on the orders of Peter the Great.
These palacesand gardens are sometimes referred as the
"Russian Versailles".
The palace-ensemble along with the city center is recognized as a
UNESCO World Heritage Site

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peterhof_Palace

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
The expanse of the Lower Gardens is designed in the formal style of French
formal gardens of the 17th century. Although many trees are overgrown,
in the recent years the formal clipping along the many allees has resumed
in order to restore the original appearance of the garden. The many
fountains located here exhibit an unusual degree of creativity. One of the
most notable designs is entitled 'The Sun'. A disk radiating water jets from
its edge creates an image of the sun's rays, and the whole structure rotates
about a vertical axis so that the direction in which the "sun" faces is
constantly changing
.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peterhof_Palace

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
The Canal runs from the Palace all the way to the Gulf of Finland

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
Grand Peterhof Palace and the Grand Cascade.

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
 

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof


 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
Adams Fountain


 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
Her kommer det regnskurer hele tiden. Deilig på en varm dag.
St-Petersburg_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof

St-Petersburg_Peterhof
Tulipanfontenen


 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
Umbrella Fountain

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof

 St-Petersburg_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof
St-Petersburg_Peterhof

Det er lunsjtid, og vi venter på bussen som skal ta oss til restauranten.
St-Petersburg_ved_Peterhof
Et slott brukt ved statsbesøk.

Til høyre en del av dagens lunsj

St-Petersburg_ved_Peterhof

St-Petersburg
lek med lys


 St-Petersburg

 St-Petersburg
Motorvei ved St. Petersburg

 St-Petersburg
Fotballstadion bygget til VM 2018
St-Petersburg
St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
                                                               The Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral

 St-Petersburg_the_Boat_House


The Boathouse
An attractive pavilion situated to the west of the Ss. Peter and Paul Cathedral,
the Boathouse was built by architect Alexander Vist 1762-1765 in a style that
marked the transition from baroque to neoclassicism.
The pavilion was built to house Peter the Great's Dinghy, a small sailboat that
had been used by the young Tsar to learn naval principles on lakes in the
Moscow area, and thus was hailed as the "Grandfather of the Russian Navy".
Kept in the pavilion from 1767 to 1931, its place has now been taken by a scale
replica. The Boathouse is also used as a ticket office for the exhibitions and
museums in the fortress.

http://www.saint-petersburg.com/museums/peter-paul-fortress/boathouse/

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
The Peter and Paul Cathedral
(Russian: Петропавловский
собор) is a Russian Orthodox
cathedral located inside the Peter
and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg,
Russia. It is the first and oldest
landmark in St. Petersburg,
built between 1712
and 1733
St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
 on Hare Island along the Neva River. Both the cathedral and the
fortress were originally built under Peter the Great and designed by
Domenico Trezzini. The cathedral's bell tower is the world's tallest
Orthodox bell tower.
Since the belfry is not standalone, but an integral part of the main building,


 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
the cathedral is sometimes considered the highest Orthodox Church in the
world.
There is another Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul Church in
St. Petersburg, located in Petergof.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saints_Peter_and_Paul_Cathedral,_Saint_Petersburg

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen

 St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
The cathedral houses the remains of almost all the Russian emperors and
empresses from Peter the Great to Nicholas II and his family, who were
finally laid to rest in July 1998. Among the emperors and empresses buried
here was Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia for 34 years.
Of the post-Petrine rulers, only Peter II and Ivan VI are not buried here.
Peter II is buried in the Cathedral of Michael the Archangel in the
Moscow Kremlin; Ivan VI was executed and buried in the
fortress of Shlisselburg or Kholmogory (alleged discovery at
Kholmogory in 2010 currently under forensic investigation).
On September 28, 2006, 78 years after her death, Maria Feodorovna,
Empress of Russia, was reinterred in the Cathedral of St Peter and Paul.
Wife of Tsar Alexander III, and mother of Nicholas II (the last Russian tsar),
Maria Feodorovna died on 13 October 1928 in exile in her native Denmark
and was buried in Roskilde Cathedral in Denmark. In 2005, the
governments of Denmark and Russia agreed that the empress's
remains should be returned to Saint Petersburg in accordance with her
wish to be interred next to her husband.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saints_Peter_and_Paul_Cathedral,_Saint_Petersburg
St-Petersburg_Peter_and_Paul-katedralen
Maria Feodorovna
(26 November 1847 – 13 October
1928), known before her
marriage as Princess
Dagmar of Denmark,
was a Danish princess and
Empress of Russia as spouse of
Emperor Alexander III (reigned 1881–1894).
She was the second daughter
of King Christian IX of  Denmark

St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
and Louise of Hesse-Kassel; her siblings included Queen Alexandra of
the United Kingdom,
King Frederick VIII of Denmark and King George I of
Greece. Her eldest son became the last Russian monarch,
Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, whom she outlived by ten years.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Feodorovna_(Dagmar_of_Denmark)
St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
Tett med turistbusser
utenfor the Peter and
Paul Fortress.

St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
The Peter and Paul Fortress is
the original citadel of
St. Petersburg, Russia, founded
by Peter the Great in 1703 and
built to Domenico Trezzini's
designs from 1706 to 1740 as a
star fortress. In the early 1920s,
it was still used as a prison and
execution ground by the
Bolshevik government.

St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
Today it has been adapted as the central and most important part of the
State Museum of Saint Petersburg History. The museum has gradually
become virtually the sole owner of the fortress building, except the
structure occupied by the Saint Petersburg Mint (Monetniy Dvor).

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_and_Paul_Fortress
St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
Noen slapper av i gresset utenfor festningen.

 St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
Inngangen til The Peter and Paul Fortress.
Tårnet til Peter and Paul Cathedral er godt synlig.


 St-Petersburg_festningen_ved_Peter_and_Paul_katedralen
På tur langs Nevas bredder.

 St-Petersburg
Så nærmer det seg slutten på besøket vårt i St Petersburg.
Vi er på vei tilbake til cruiseterminalen.


 St-Petersburg
Vi forlot St. Petersburg kl 1800. Ved 20-tida passerte vi Kotlin.
 Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin

 Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin
Kotlin (or Kettle, Finnish: Retusaari, Swedish: Reitskär) is a Russian
island, located near the head of the Gulf of Finland, 32 kilometres
(20 mi) west of Saint Petersburg in the Baltic Sea. Kotlin separates
the Neva Bay from the rest of the gulf. The fortified town of Kronstadt
is located on the island. The island serves as a gateway to
Saint Petersburg and as such has been the site of several military
engagements.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kotlin_Island


 Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin
Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin
Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin

Kronstadt was founded by Emperor Peter the Great in 1704 as a maritime
fortress and naval base on Kotlin Island. The name "Kronstadt" was
invented by Peter the Great, and in German means "Crown City".


The port is ice-bound for 140–160 days in the year, from the beginning of
December to April. A very large proportion of the inhabitants are sailors.


The Kronstadt Sea Fortress used to be considered the most fortified port
 in the world. Kronstadt still retains some of the "forts", small fortified
artificial islands. Others were destroyed or recycled during the
construction of the Saint Petersburg Flood Prevention Facility Complex,
a brand new dam of protective structures, which connects the island to
the shore and is part of the federal city's Ring Ro
ad.


Formerly, there were 42 such forts, situated in line between the southern
and northern shores of the Gulf of Finland. Some fortifications were
located inside the city itself, and one was on the western shore of the K
ronslot Island (on the other side of the main navigational channel).


Until 1998, Kronstadt was a closed city, from then on it became a touristic
attraction with free access to its territory. The exception is Kronstadt
military harbor, and the territories of various military units stationed in
the city and surrounding area. The architecture of the city center and city
walls mostly dates from the first half of the 19th century.

In the 1970s and 80s, modern neighborhoods were built on the outskirts
of the city.

https://en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Kronstadt


 Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin

 Cruise_St-Petersburg-Tallinn_Kotlin
Cruise_Costa-Magica_fruktfigur
Cruise_Costa-Magica_fruktfigur

Cruise_Costa-Magica
Cruise_Costa-Magica
Kveld ombord, med solnedgang og fruktfigurer

 Cruise_Costa-Magica
Cruise_Costa-Magica
Underholdning på
Atria Italia Magica


Torsdag 26. juli 2018

Vi ankom Tallinn kl 09 00.
Etter frokost tok vi shuttlebuss inn til gamlebyen.
Det var ikke mer enn et par km å gå inn til byen, men det er lett å gå litt
feil når man ikke er kjent.



Tallinn (tidligere også Reval, gammelsvensk: Lindanäs, gammeldansk:
Lyndanisse) er hovedstaden og den største havnebyen i Estland.Byen
har 441 357 innbyggere  (1. august 2016) og ligger helt nord på den
baltiske halvøy, 80 km sør for Helsingfors.
Den ble erobret av danskene i 1219 og solgt til Den tyske orden i 1346.
Byen ble erobret av svenskene under Livlandskrigen i 1561 og var under
svensk kontroll til svenskene tapte sine besittelser i Baltikum til Russland
 i 1710 under den store nordiske krig. Den var hovedstad i det selvstendige
Estland fra 1918 frem til den sovjetiske okkupasjonen under og etter
andre verdenskrig og ble hovedstad på ny etter Estlands selvstendighet
i 1991. Byen har norsk ambassade.
Tallinn er en av Nord-Europas best bevarte middelalderbyer.
Byens gamleby, Vanalinn, ble oppført på UNESCOs verdensarvliste i 1997.
I 2011 var Tallinn europeisk kulturhovedstad.

https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tallinn
 

 Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn

The fountain
originally
stood at a private
house.
In 1996 the fountain
was placed in
storage, and
later the statue
was stolen. A new
cast of the sculpture
 was unveiled at the present location
15 May 2008.

http://vanderkrogt.net/statues/object.php?webpage=ST&record=ee013
Skulpturen er laget av Mare Mikoff (Tallinn 1941), Estonian sculptor
http://vanderkrogt.net/statues/object.php?webpage=ST&record=ee013

 Cruise_Tallinn

 Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn

Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn

Man finner mange forskjellige stilarter i Tallinn.
Se:
https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/discover/articles-guides/architecture-in-tallinn


 Cruise_Tallinn

 Cruise_Tallinn

 Cruise_Tallinn

 Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn
THE OLDEST SURVIVING TOWN HALL in the Baltic countries and
Scandinavia
The building history of the Town Hall goes back to the 13th century.
In its present form it was completed in 1404 when Tallinn was a
flourishing Hanseatic city. 

The management of the city worked in the Town Hall until 1970.
Since 1975 the Town Hall functions as the ceremonial building of
the city government, but it also serves as a concert hall and a museum.

http://raekoda.tallinn.ee/town-hall

 Cruise_Tallinn

Ved enden av gata ser vi Rådhuset i Tallinn

 Cruise_Tallinn
Püha Vaimu Kirik

 Cruise_Tallinn
Cruise_Tallinn
Tallinn
Püha Vaimu Kirik
Building of the church probably started sometime during the first half of
the 13th century, and the church is mentioned in written sources for the
first time in 1319.
The fact that the church does not face due east may
suggest that it was erected in an already built-up area and had to adapt
to the street layout.

Estland_Tallinn
Estland_Tallinn
Originally the church was part of a greater almshouse complex, and
dedicated to the
Holy Ghost, and apart from the main entrance on the
north side of the church, there was also an entrance from the almshouse
yard, on the south side of the church.


The oldest part of the church is the choir, to which the aisle was added
sometime in the late 13th century or early 14th century. The original
wooden ceiling was replaced in 1360, when the present vaulting, tower
and large
 gothicwindows were added. In 1630, the tower received its
current appearance, which however is a reconstruction as the tower was
ravaged by fire in both 1684 and 2002.
The church was the first church in
Estonia to hold services in Estonian, and the first extracts of the
 catechism

to be published in Estonian were printed here in 1535.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Church_of_the_Holy_Spirit,_Tallinn

 Estland_Tallinn
Estland_Tallinn
Bilder fra Ajaloo Muuseum,
Grest Guild Hall



 Estland_Tallinn
Town Hall Square has been a market place and the centre of this old Hanseatic town
since the Middle Ages. It became the centre of the Lower Town at the turn of the 13th
and 14th centuries.
https://www.visitestonia.com/en/tallinn-town-hall-square


 Estland_Tallinn
Olde Hansa

Tallinn_Olde-Hansa
https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/eat-drink/r
estaurants/pid-175225/olde-hansa

This unforgettable, Medieval-style
restaurant
is set up like the welcoming home of
a 15th-century
Hanseatic merchant.
Here you can soothe
your hunger with
roasted game meat,
raise your spirit
with flavoured
wines and enjoy the genuine Medieval atmosphere
complete with
colourful murals,
period music,
candlelight and
caring service.


Tallinn_Olde-Hansa
Restauranten: se bildet på http://www.emblemsvaag.no/
Tallinn/Tallinn.html
Tallinn_Olde-Hansa


The medieval shop based in Olde Hansa, sells souvenirs from local and
international producers including glassware, pottery, silver jewellery
and authentic replicas of items used by medieval townsfolk.

https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/see-do/shopping/pid-175622/krambude
Estland_Tallinn
Olde Hansa Shoppe
Tallinn_Town-Hall
Town Hall


 Estland_Tallinn

 Tallinn

 Tallinn_Estland

 Tallinn_Estland
Nikolai-kirken
Tallinn_Estland
Tallinn_Estland
"SHORT LEG GATE" LUHIKE JALG




 Tallinn_Estland
Bymuren
Tallinn_Estland
Tallinn_Estland
Left:
Toompea Castle (Estonian: Toompea
loss) (Latin: Castrum Danorum) is a castle on Toompea hill in the central
part of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia.
The castle, an ancient stronghold site
in use since at least the 9th century,
today houses the Parliament of Estonia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toompea_Castle



 Tallinn_Estland
St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral

This spectacular, onion-domed structure perched atop Toompea Hill is Estonia's
main Russian Orthodox cathedral.
It's also by far the grandest, most opulent Orthodox church in Tallinn.
Built in 1900, when Estonia was part of the tsarist Russian empire, the
cathedral was originally intended as a symbol of the empire's dominance –
both religious and political – over this increasingly unruly Baltic territory.
The cathedral was dedicated to the Prince of Novgorod, Alexander
Yaroslavich Nevsky, who led the famous Battle of the Ice at Lake Peipsi in 1242,
which halted the German crusaders' eastward advance.
It was deliberately
placed in this prominent location

 Tallinn_Estland

right in front of Toompea Castle, on the same spot where a statue of Martin
Luther had previously stood, to show the mainly Lutheran locals who was
in charge.
Now with the controversy long since faded, what's left is simply
an architectural masterpiece. Designed by respected St. Petersburg architect
Mikhail Preobrazhenski, the church is richly decorated in a mixed historicist
style. The interior, filled with mosaics and icons, is well worth a visit.

The church's towers' hold Tallinn's most powerful church bell ensemble,
consisting of 11 bells, including the largest in Tallinn, weighing 15 tonnes.
You can hear the entire ensemble playing before each service.

https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/see-do/sightseeing/pid-307/st-alexander-nevsky-cathedral
Tallinn_Estland
Lunsj i Tallinn.
Tallinn_Estland
Gløgg-tønne


 Tallinn_Estland
Utsikt-sted
Tallinn_Estland
St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
Tallinn_Estland


 Tallinn_Estland
The Maiden Tower is another of the old towers that were located along the
old fortified walls of the city of Tallinn, Estonia. It can be found in the Old
Town Sector, not very far from Town Hall or its sister structure, the Kiek in
de Kok. Both of these towers date back to the 14th Century, and have been
part of the landscape of the town for many years.

The Maiden Tower has suffered from the damage of war at many different
points in its history, and you can see some of the canon damage upon
close inspection. It has undergone repair in almost every century since.


One of the most interesting things about the tower is that is used to
be used as a prison for prostitutes, which is why it is called the
Maiden Tower.
In fact, local legend states that some of the old prisoners still haunt
the structure. On a clear dark night, you might be able to see the
lights of some old ghost roaming the stairs.

https://www.gpsmycity.com/attractions/maiden-tower-(neitsitorn)-25449.html


 Tallinn_Estland

Explore this sturdy, 14th-century tower, sip coffee in its swank café or
walk along the Town Wall for some amazing views.
 

 Tallinn_Estland

Maiden's Tower, one of the more famous of Tallinn's medieval defence towers,
was recently renovated and reopened a museum, complete with an exhibition
hall in its vaulted cellar. Its famous café, a big hit in the 1980s, has also been
restored to its past glory. 


Meghede torne, as it was originally called, was built in 1370-1373 along with
the wall that runs through the Danish King’s Garden.  In 1461-62, the whole
complex was made higher, a new parapet with a roof and new-type loopholes
was added, and the base of the embrasure was changed to support heavier,
large-calibre firearms.
https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/see-do/sightseeing/pid-174325/maiden-s-tower

Tallinn_Estland

This open, garden-like area on the slopes of Toompea Hill happens to be the
legendary birthplace of the Danish flag.

Nestled between the city wall and Lower Town, this relaxing spot is called the
Danish King's Garden because it was supposedly here that King Valdemar II
of Denmark and his troops camped before conquering Toompea in 1219.  
More importantly, a well-known legend both in Estonia and Denmark holds
that the Danish flag, the Dannebrog, originated right here.


 Tallinn_Estland

According to the story, Valdemar's forces were losing their battle with the
Estonians when suddenly the skies opened and a red flag with a white
cross floated down from the heavens. Taking this as a holy sign, the Danes
were spurred on to victory.
Today the garden remains a place where locals honour the role Denmark
played in Estonia's history. Halfway down the steps towards Rüütli street
you can see an iron sword and shield
with a Danish cross, and each summer, Danneborg Day is celebrated here.

https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/see-do/sport-adventure/pid-174827/danish-king-s-garden
Tallinn_Estland

Tallinn_Estland
Trapp ned fra tårnet

Tallinn_Estland
Taket på et av tårna.
Tallinn_Estland

         Tallinn_Estland
Tallinn_Estland
Utstilling i tårnet


 Tallinn_Estland

 Tallinn_Estland
Katariina käik (St. Catherine's Passage)
Tallinn_Estland
Tallinn_Estland
Easily the most picturesque of Old Town's lanes, this half-hidden walkway
runs behind what used to be St. Catherine's Church. 
It connects Vene street with the Müürivahe street where the town's famous
knit market operates. 
What makes the passage particularly interesting is that it's home to the
St. Catherine's Guild, a collection of craft workshops where artists use
traditional methods to create and sell glassware, hats, quilts, ceramics,
jewellery, hand-painted silk and other wares. The workshops are housed in
the small, 15th- to 17th-century rooms on the south side of the lane, and are
 set up in an open-studio fashion so visitors can watch the artists at work,
be it glass-blowing, weaving or pottery making.

https://www.visittallinn.ee/eng/visitor/see-do/sightseeing/pid-174826/katariina-kaik-st-catherine-s-passage

 Tallinn_Estland
The remains of the Dominican Monastery are very tucked away and as a result
see few tourists. The entrance is off St Catherine's Passage, between
Muurivahe & Vene St. Look out for signs with a spotted dog on, this is the
symbol of Dominicans. In medieval times the monks where called Domini
Canes (Dogs of God) and wore white robes with black capes.
This monastery was founded in 1246 and is one of the oldest buildings in town.

https://www.tripadvisor.co.za/ShowUserReviews-g274958-d3442973-r241658965-
Dominican_Monastery_Claustrum-Tallinn_Harju_County.html

Tallinn_Estland
Bymur
Tallinn_Estland
Litt av det moderne Tallinn
Tallinn_Estland
Tallinn_Estland
 
Vi var tilbake i båten i god tid før middag, så vi rakk en tur på soldekk.


          Cruise_Costa-Magica_basseng
Cruise_Costa-teatersalen
The tenor Spero Bongiolatti
"in Consert" Emotion and passion.
Urbino teater.

Cruise_Costa.Magica

La Notte in Maschera i Capri Lounge

Fredag 27. juli 2018

Vi skulle ha vært i Stockholm klokka 0900, men tåka lå tett over
innseilinga, så vi ble nesten 3 timer forsinka.
Ve 12-tida gikk vi i land og tok shuttlebuss inn til byen.



 Cruise_festning_ved_Oxsdjupet
Festning ved Oxdjupet

 Cruise_festning_ved_Oxsdjupet

 Cruise_Stockholms_innseiling
Tåka har letta og vi kan fortsette mot Stockholm

 Cruise_Stockholms_innseiling
Cruise_Stockholms_innseiling
Stockholm-selfi


 Stockholm
Så er vi i Stockholm. I bakgrunnen Stockholms opera.

 Stockholm
Stockholm
Stockholms slott,
norra längan, renomégruppen

Stockholm
De første bygningen vi kom til var Riksdagshuset og det Kungliga Slottet.
Stockholm
Stockholm

Stockholm Palace or the Royal Palace (Swedish: Stockholms slott or Kungliga
slottet) is the official residence and major royal palace of the Swedish monarch
(the actual residence of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia is at
Drottningholm Palace). Stockholm Palace is located on Stadsholmen, in Gamla
stan in the capital, Stockholm. It neighbours the Riksdag building.
The offices of the King, the other members of the Swedish Royal Family, and
the offices of the Royal Court of Sweden are located here.
The palace is used for representative purposes by the King whilst
performing his duties as the head of state.
This royal residence has been in the same location by Norrström in the
northern part of Gamla stan in Stockholm since the middle of the 13th
century when the Tre Kronor Castle was built. In modern times the name
relates to the building called Kungliga Slottet.

Stockholm
Stockholm_Slottet

The palace was designed by Nicodemus Tessin the Younger and erected on the
same place as the medieval Tre Kronor Castle which was destroyed in a fire on
7 May 1697.
Due to the costly Great Northern War which started in 1700, construction of
the palace was halted in 1709, and not recommenced until 1727—six years
after the end of the war.
When Tessin the Younger died in 1728, the palace was completed by Carl
Hårleman who also designed a large part of its Rococo interior.
The palace was not ready to use until 1754, when King Adolf Frederick and Queen Louisa Ulrika moved in, but some interior work proceeded until the 1770s.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockholm_Palace

 Stockholm_Slottet
Vaktavløsning

 Stockholm_Slottet

 Stockholm_Slottet

 Stockholm_Slottet

 Stockholm_Gamla-Stan.
Gamla Stan, the Old Town, is one of the largest and best preserved medieval
city centers in Europe, and one of the foremost attractions in Stockholm.
This is where Stockholm was founded in 1252.
   All of Gamla Stan and the
adjacent island of Riddarholmen are like a living pedestrian-friendly
museum full of sights, attractions, restaurants, cafés, bars, and places to shop.

 Stockholm_Gamla-Stan.

Gamla Stan is also popular with aficionados
of handicrafts, curious, and souvenirs. The narrow winding cobblestone streets,
with their buildings in so many different shades of gold, give Gamla Stan its
unique character. Even now cellar vaults and frescoes from the Middle Ages can
be found behind the visible facades, and on snowy winter days, the district feels
like something from a storybook
.
https://www.visitstockholm.com/see--do/attractions/gamla-stan/

 Stockholm_Gamla-Stan.

 Stockholm_Gamla-Stan
Sankt Göran och Draken
Stockholm_Gamla-Stan
tekst


 Stockholm_Gamla-Stan
Stockholm_Gamla-Stan
Stockholm_Gamla-Stan.

                Stockholm_Gamla-Stan


 Stockholm_havn
Havn i Stockholm
Thor Heyerdahl
av Kiel

Stockholm_seilskuta_Thor-Heyerdahl_av_Kiel


 Stockholm_seilskuta_Thor-Heyerdahl_av_Kiel

 Stockholm_havn

Etter Gamla Stan dro vi på båttur igjen.

 Stockholm
Lav bro

 Stockholm
Små og litt større båter

 Stockholm
Dramaten
Stockholm
Finngrundet är ett fyrskepp
byggt 1903 vid Brodins varv i
Gävle. Tidigare låg hon under
den isfria delen av året för
ankar i södra Bottenhavet, för
att markera just Finngrundet.
År 1969 togs fartyget ur tjänst
och ägs numera av Statens
maritima museer som
museifartyg. Fyrskeppet kan
ses vid Jagarpiren utanför
Vasamuseet i Stockholm, där
hon ligger förtöjd tillsammans
med isbrytaren S/S Sankt Erik.

https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finngrundet
Til høyre:
Gröna Lund (IPA: [ˈɡrøːna ˈlɵnːd]) is an amusement park in Stockholm, Sweden.
It is on the seaward side of Djurgården Island. It is relatively small compared to
other amusement parks, mainly because of its central location, which limits
expansion.


 Stockholm_Grona-Lund

The 15 ac (6 ha) amusement park has over 30 attractions and
is a popular venue for concerts in the summer.
It was founded in 1883 by James Schultheiss.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gr%C3%B6na_Lund

Stockholm_Grona-Lund
Gröna Lund's
roots are in the
1880s, making it
Sweden's
oldest amusement
park. However the
area has been used
for similar
purposes since
the early
18th century.
In 1883, a German
by the name of
Jacob Schultheiss
rented the area to
erect "carousels
and other
amusements".


 Stockholm_Grona-Lund


Until 2001, descendants of Schultheiss ran Gröna Lund.
Before the amusement park came into being, Gröna Lund was the name of a
small park.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gr%C3%B6na_Lund

 Stockholm

 Stockholm

 Stockholm
Hop on - hop off

 Stockholm
Skansen

 Stockholm
Djurgården
Stockholm
Djurgården
Stockholm


 Stockholm_minnestein
Vi gikk tilbake til Costa Magica, og fikk se denne minnesteinen.
Norge takker for utdannelsen av 14700 politisoldater i Sverige
under den annen verdenskrig
.

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_restaurant-Smeralda

 Cruise_Costa-Magica_restaurant-Smeralda
Cruise_Costa-Magica_restaurant-Smeralda
Siste middag i Ristorante
Costa Smeralda.

Det var underholdning og dans.
Kelnerne dansen med gjestene,
og tilslutt dannet alle lenke
og gikk rundt i restauranten.


Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_solnedgang
Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_solnedgang


 Cruise_Costa-Magica_Stockholm_solnedgang
Siste kveld på dekk.
En fin kveld, som alle de andre kveldene ombord.

Lørdag 28. juli 2018

Vi går i land.
En buss henter oss og kjører oss til Arlanda.
Fra Gardermoen tog til Oslo S, derfra T-bane til
Nasjonalteatret og båt fra Aker brygge.

Cruise_Stockholm_Costa-Magica
Stockholm_Arlanda
En øl på Arlanda


 Oslo_Baronessen
Nesten hjemme. Vi er ombord på hurtigbåten Baronessen

 Oslo_Akershus-Slott_og_skuta_Serenissima.
Oslo, Akershus festning
tilbake til 1. side

Foto
Karl Martin Emblemsvåg og
Grete Emblemsvåg