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Turkey (i/ˈtɜːrki/; Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the
Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (help·info); pronounced [ˈtyɾcije d͡ʒumˈhuɾijeti]),
is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in
Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in
Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, parliamentary
republic with a diverse cultural heritage. Turkey is bordered by
eight countries: Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest;
Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; Iraq and Syria to the south. The country is encircled by
seas on three sides: the Aegean Sea is to the west, the
Black Sea to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
The Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles,
which together form the Turkish Straits, divide Thrace and Anatolia;
they also separate Europe and Asia. Ankara is the capital while
Istanbul is the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial
centre. Approximately 70-80% of the country's citizens identify
themselves as ethnic Turks.
[ Other ethnic groups include legally recognised[II] (Armenians, Greeks, Jews) and unrecognised (Kurds, Arabs, Circassians, Albanians, Bosniaks, Georgians, etc.)
Kurds are the largest ethnic minority group, making up
approximately 20% of the population.
The crescent and star became associated with Islam
when the Muslim Turkic peoples of Central Asia captured
the Anatolian peninsula (and, eventually, Constantinople)
and added the crescent and star of the latter to their own
plain red flags. There were several Turkish flags throughout
the centuries of the Ottoman Empire, most of them incorporating
the crescent and star and the colours red or green.
In June 1793 the flag now used as the Turkish national flag
was established for the navy, although its star had eight
points instead of the current five. The reduction in the number
of star points was made about 1844. That flag design was
reconfirmed as the Turkish national banner on June 5, 1936,
following the revolution led by Atatürk, who had established
a republic in 1923 after the collapse of the Ottoman dynasty.
Mor og Jan Erik kommer ut fra flyet.
En ettermiddag med uvær. Lyn, torden og vind.
Bildet er tatt fra rommet vårt på hotellet.
Grete med den Blå Moske i bakgrunnen
The Blue Mosque (Called Sultanahmet Camii in Turkish) is an
historical mosque in Istanbul. The mosque is known as the
Blue Mosque because of blue tiles surrounding the walls of
interior design.Mosque was built between 1609 and 1616 years,
during the rule of Ahmed I. just like many other mosques,
it also comprises a tomb of the founder, a madrasa and a
hospice.Besides still used as a mosque, the
Sultan Ahmed Mosque has also become a popular
tourist attraction in Istanbul. http://www.bluemosque.co/
Mor filmer med Hagia Sophia i bakgrunnen.
Hipodromen med to obelisker
Ortaköy Mosque (Turkish: Ortaköy Camii), officially the Büyük
Mecidiye Camii (Grand Imperial Mosque of Sultan Abdülmecid) in Beşiktaş, Istanbul, Turkey, is situated at the waterside of the
Ortaköy pier square, one of the most popular locations on the Bosphorus.
On this site, a masjid commissioned by the son-in-law of Vizier
Ibrahim Pasha used to stand. Built in 1721, it was ruined during
the Patrona Halil Uprising. The current mosque, which was erected
in its place, was ordered by the Ottoman sultan Abdülmecid and built
between 1854 and 1856, on the ruins of the Cantemir Palace.
Its architects were Armenian father and son Garabet Amira
Balyan and Nigoğayos Balyan (who also designed the nearby
Dolmabahçe Palace and the Dolmabahçe Mosque), who designed it in the Neo-Baroque style. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ortak%C3%B6y_Mosque
Mor blir liten utenfor Soleimanmoskeen.
The mosque is modeled in part on the style of a Byzantine basilica,
particularly the Hagia Sophia, which was perhaps a conscious move
on the part of the sultan to create a continuity and a symbolic
connection with the city's past.
Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) is Turkey's most populous city as well
as its cultural and financial hub. Located on both sides of the
Bosphorus, the narrow strait between the Black Sea and the
Marmara Sea, Istanbul bridges Asia and Europe both physically
and culturally. Istanbul's population is estimated to be between
12 and 19 million people, making it also one of the largest cities
in Europe and the world. http://wikitravel.org/en/Istanbul
Bassenget på hotel Harem, 1971
Best view of the Bosphorus
Place of pleasure for discovering the beauty of
Harem Hotel offers you a great Istanbul experience
at Harem Hotel in Istanbul will allow you to enjoy
Grete og Jan Erik ved bassenget på hotellet.
Rett nedenfor hotellet gikk fergene over til den
europeiske delen av Istanbul.
Vi besøkte flere steder i Istanbul enn det er bilder fra her.
Fotografering var dyrt den gang, og utstyret dårligere.
Lebanon (i/ˈlɛbənɒn/; Arabic: لبنان Libnān; Lebanese pronunciation:
The earliest evidence of
civilization in Lebanon dates back more than
Hotel Dolphin i Beirut
Mor sitter på terrassen på hotellet.
Fin utsikt, men det var vel det eneste
som var fint ved dette hotellet.
Grete ved inngangen til Long Beach.
Bølgene er kraftige.
Mor på Martyrplassen i Beirut.
In 1931, the historic square took its name to commemorate the
martyrs executed there under Ottoman rule. In the 1950s the
square became a popular venue for cinemas and coffee-houses.
During the Lebanese Civil War, it formed the demarcation line
that divided the city in half. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martyrs%27_Square,_Beirut
Flyktningeleir i Beirut
Baalbek tempel i Libanon
an ancient Phoenician city located
in what is now modern
day Lebanon, north of Beirut, in the Beqaa Valley.
Inhabited as early as 9000 BCE, Baalbek grew into an important
pilgrimage site in the ancient world for the worship of the
Phoenician sky-god Baal and his consort Astarte, the
Queen of Heaven (the name `Baalbek' means Lord Baal
of the Beqaa Valley). The center of the city was a grand temple
dedicated to Astarte and Baal and the ruins of this early temple
remain today beneath the later Roman Temple of Jupiter Baal.
|The cornerstones of the earlier temple
have been found to weigh over
100 tons and the retaining wall monoliths weigh, each, 300 tons,
leaving present-day archaeologists, scientists and historians mystified
as to how the stones were moved, where from, and in what way they
could have been manipulated into place. These blocks, and another
one mile from Baalbek which weighs over 900 tons, are known today
as the Baalbek Stones and have been the subject of much debate,
study and conjecture over how they were moved and arranged.
Later builders at the site, such as the Romans, used these early stones
as the foundations for their own temples but clearly did not move
them in any way. http://www.ancient.eu/Baalbek/
Bekaadalen (eller Kanaans land). Vi er på restauranten La Gondole.
Mor på restaurant La Gondole
The mountains of Lebanon were once shaded by thick cedar forests
and the tree is the symbol of the country. After centuries of persistent
deforestation, the extent of these forests has been markedly reduced.
Sedertre i Libanon
Syria (i/ˈsɪ.riə/; Arabic: سوريا Sūriyā),
officially known as the Syrian Arab
Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية
العربية السورية al-Jumhūrīyah
A country of fertile
plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to
Jeg tror dette er fra Azm Palass i Damascus
Azm Palace (Arabic: قصر العظم) is a palace in Damascus,
Syria which was originally built in 1750 as a residence for the
Ottoman governor of Damascus As'ad Pasha al-Azm.
The palace now houses the Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions.
The architecture is an excellent example of Damascene traditional
houses. The structure consists of several buildings and two wings:
the harem and the selamlik. The harem is the family wing, which
was a private space for the residents (originally, the Azm family).
This wing includes the kitchen, servant quarters, and the baths,
which are a replica of the public baths in the city on a smaller
scale. The salamlik is the guest wing, and it comprises the formal
halls, reception areas and large courtyards with traditional
Used in the building of this palace were several types of stones including limestone, sandstone, basalt, and marble, chosen to
provide a natural decoration. The ceilings have painted wooden
panels that display natural scenes.
Moskebesøk i Damascus. Alle fikk svarte kapper.
The Umayyad Mosque
Damascus is believed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the
world and the Umayyad Mosque stands on a site that has been
considered sacred ground for at least 3,000 years.
Hos en teppehandler