Istanbul i Tyrkia,

Beirut i Libanon og

Damascus i Syria 1971

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Grete Emblemsvåg

siden er laget 6. juni 2017


Turkey
 (Listeni/ˈtɜːrki/; Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the
Republic of Turkey
 (Turkish: About this sound Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (help·info); pronounced [ˈtyɾcije d͡ʒumˈhuɾijeti]),
is a
 transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in
Western Asia
, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in
Southeast Europe
.
Turkey is a
 democratic, secular, unitary, parliamentary
republic
 with a diverse cultural heritage. Turkey is bordered by
eight countries:
 Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest;
Georgia
 to the northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; Iraq and Syria to the south. The country is encircled by
seas on three sides: the
 Aegean Sea is to the west, the
Black Sea
 to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

The Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles,
which together form the
 Turkish Straits, divide Thrace and Anatolia;
they also separate Europe and Asia.
Ankara is the capital while
Istanbul
 is the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial
centre. Approximately 70-80% of the country's citizens identify
themselves as ethnic
 Turks.
[ Other ethnic groups include legally recognised[II] (Armenians, Greeks, Jews) and unrecognised (Kurds, Arabs, Circassians, Albanians, Bosniaks, Georgians, etc.)
minorities.
 
Kurds are the largest ethnic minority group, making up
approximately 20% of the population
.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey



 
Turkey
The crescent and star became associated with Islam
when the Muslim Turkic peoples of Central Asia captured
the Anatolian peninsula (and, eventually, Constantinople)
and added the crescent and star of the latter to their own
plain red flags. There were several Turkish flags throughout
the centuries of the Ottoman Empire, most of them incorporating
the crescent and star and the colours red or green.
In June 1793 the flag now used as the Turkish national flag
was established for the navy, although its star had eight
points instead of the current five. The reduction in the number
of star points was made about 1844. That flag design was
reconfirmed as the Turkish national banner on June 5, 1936,
following the revolution led by Atatürk, who had established
a republic in 1923 after the collapse of the Ottoman dynasty.

https://www.britannica.com/topic/flag-of-Turkey


 Ut_fra_flyet
Mor og Jan Erik kommer ut fra flyet.

 Tyrkia_Istanbul_fra_hotel-Harem
En ettermiddag med uvær. Lyn, torden og vind.
Bildet er tatt fra rommet vårt på hotellet.


 Tyrkia_Den-Blaa_Moske_i_Istanbul
Grete med den Blå Moske i bakgrunnen


The Blue Mosque (Called Sultanahmet Camii in Turkish) is an
historical mosque in Istanbul. The mosque is known as the
Blue Mosque because of blue tiles surrounding the walls of
interior design.Mosque was built between 1609 and 1616 years,
during the rule of Ahmed I. just like many other mosques,
it also comprises a tomb of the founder, a madrasa and a
hospice.Besides still used as a mosque, the
Sultan Ahmed Mosque has also become a popular
tourist attraction in Istanbul.
  http://www.bluemosque.co/



 Tyrkia_Istanbul_Aya-Sofia
Mor filmer med Hagia Sophia i bakgrunnen.

Hagia Sophia is a great architectural beauty and an important
monument both for Byzantine and for Ottoman Empires.
Once a church, later a mosque, and now a museum at the
Turkish Republic,
 Hagia Sophia has always been the precious
of its time..


Rebuilt by the orders of Emperor Justinian in 537, for 900 years
Hagia Sophia had been the center of Orthodox Christianity
until 1453 when the city was concurred by Ottomans.
500 years following the conquest of Muslims, it became
a jewel for the Muslim world and as the grand mosque of
the sultans.
http://www.hagiasophia.com/


 Tyrkia_Istanbul_Hipodromen
Hipodromen med to obelisker

 Tyrkia_moske_i_Istanbul
Ortaköy Mosque (Turkish: Ortaköy Camii), officially the Büyük
Mecidiye Camii
 (Grand Imperial Mosque of Sultan Abdülmecid) in Beşiktaş, Istanbul, Turkey, is situated at the waterside of the
Ortaköy
 pier square, one of the most popular locations on the Bosphorus.

On this site, a masjid commissioned by the son-in-law of Vizier
Ibrahim Pasha used to stand. Built in 1721, it was ruined during
the
 Patrona Halil Uprising. The current mosque, which was erected
in its place, was ordered by the
 Ottoman sultan Abdülmecid and built
between 1854 and 1856, on the ruins of the
 Cantemir Palace.
Its architects were
 Armenian father and son Garabet Amira
Balyan
 and Nigoğayos Balyan (who also designed the nearby
Dolmabahçe Palace
 and the Dolmabahçe Mosque), who designed it in the Neo-Baroque style. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ortak%C3%B6y_Mosque

 Tyrkia_Istanbul_Soleimanmoskeen
Mor blir liten utenfor Soleimanmoskeen.


The Suleiman Mosque

was
built on the order
of
 sultan Suleiman the
Magnificent

and constructed by the

great Ottoman architect

Sinan
.
The construction work
began
in 1550 and the
mosque was

finished in
 1557.
 Tyrkia_Istanbul
Noen har tungt arbeide

The mosque
is modeled in part on the style of a Byzantine basilica,

particularly the Hagia Sophia, which was perhaps a conscious move
on the part of the sultan to create a continuity and a symbolic
connection with the city's past.

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/turkey/istanbul-suleiman-mosque


Istanbul
 
(Turkish: İstanbul) is Turkey's most populous city as well
as its cultural and financial hub. Located on both sides of the

Bosphorus
, the narrow strait between the Black Sea and the
Marmara Sea, Istanbul bridges
 Asia and Europe both physically
and culturally. Istanbul's population is estimated to be between
12 and 19 million people, making it also one of the largest cities
in Europe and the world.  http://wikitravel.org/en/Istanbul

 Tyrkia_Istanbul_bassenget_hotel-Harem
Bassenget på hotel Harem, 1971

Best view of the Bosphorus

A Place of pleasure for discovering the beauty of
Istanbul while avoiding the chaos of the modern city.

The Harem Hotel offers you a great Istanbul experience
with its quality of service, comfort and unique panorama...

Staying at Harem Hotel in Istanbul will allow you to enjoy
the best of what Istanbul has to offer. http://www.haremhotel.com/en/index.html


 Tyrkia_Istanbul_bassenget_hotel-Harem
Grete og Jan Erik ved bassenget på hotellet.
Rett nedenfor hotellet gikk fergene over til den
europeiske delen av Istanbul.

Vi besøkte flere steder i Istanbul enn det er bilder fra her.
Fotografering var dyrt den gang, og utstyret dårligere.
Libanon

Lebanon (Listeni/ˈlɛbənɒn/; Arabic: لبنان‎‎ Libnān; Lebanese pronunciation:
[lɪbˈnæːn]; French: Liban), officially known as the Lebanese
Republic
  (Arabic: الجمهورية اللبنانية‎‎ al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah; Lebanese pronunciation:[elˈʒʊmhuːɾɪjje l.ˈlɪbnæːnɪjje]; French: République libanaise), is a sovereign
state
 in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north
and east and
 Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west
across the
 Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at
the crossroads of the
 Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland
facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and
ethnic
 diversity. At just 10,452 km2 (4,036 sq. mi.), it is the smallest
recognized country
 on the entire mainland Asian continent.

The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than
seven thousand years, predating
 recorded history.[12] Lebanon was
the home of the
 Canaanites/Phoenicians and their kingdoms, a maritime
culture that flourished for over a thousand years (
c. 1550–539 BC).
In 64 BC, the region came under the rule of the
 Roman Empire, and
eventually became one of the Empire's leading centers of
 Christianity.
In the
 Mount Lebanon range a monastic tradition known as the
Maronite Church
 was established. As the Arab Muslims conquered
the region, the
 Maronites held onto their religion and identity. However,
a new religious group, the
 Druze, established themselves in Mount
Lebanon as well, generating a religious divide that has lasted for
centuries.
During the
 Crusades, the Maronites re-established contact with the
Roman Catholic Church
 and asserted their communion with Rome.
The ties they established with the Latins have influenced the region
into the modern era. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebanon




Flag of Lebanon



The national flag of Lebanon was adopted on December 7, 1943.

The red bands on top and bottom symbolize the pure blood shed in the
fight for freedom, the white for peace and the mountain snow, and the
green cedar is symbolic of immortality and steadiness.
http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/asia/lebanon/lbflags.htm



 Libanon_Beirut_hotel-Dolphin
Hotel Dolphin i Beirut

 Libanon_Beirut_hotel-Dolphin
Mor sitter på terrassen på hotellet.
Fin utsikt, men det var vel det eneste
som var fint ved dette hotellet.


 Libanon_Beirut_Long-Beach
Grete ved inngangen til Long Beach.

 Libanon_Beirut_Long-Beach
Bølgene er kraftige.

 Libanon_Beirut_Duegrottene
Dueklippene

  • Pigeon Rocks (Rawcheh District) A monumental natural arch
  • jutting up from the Mediterranean. Great place to sit at one of
  • the roadside cafes and watch the sun set.There is a trail that
  • leads in the beach in front of the Rocks.Locals are offering
  • boat ride in and around the Rocks with small fishing boats.
  • If you dare enough to trust them go but deal the price from
  •  the start in order you not overcharged.

http://wikitravel.org/en/Beirut#Landmarks


 Libanon_Beirut_Martyrplassen
Mor på Martyrplassen i Beirut.

In 1931, the historic square took its name to commemorate the
martyrs executed there under Ottoman rule. In the 1950s the
square became a popular venue for cinemas and coffee-houses.
During the Lebanese Civil War, it formed the demarcation line
that divided the city in half. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martyrs%27_Square,_Beirut

 Libanon_Beirut_flyktningeleir
Flyktningeleir i Beirut

 Libanon_Baalbeck
Baalbek tempel i Libanon
Baalbek is an ancient Phoenician city located in what is now modern
day Lebanon, north of Beirut, in the Beqaa Valley. 
Inhabited as early as 9000 BCE, Baalbek grew into an important
pilgrimage site in the ancient world for the worship of the
Phoenician sky-god Baal and his consort Astarte, the
Queen of Heaven (the name `Baalbek' means Lord Baal
of the Beqaa Valley). The center of the city was a grand
 temple
dedicated to Astarte and Baal and the ruins of this early temple
remain today beneath the later
 Roman Temple of Jupiter Baal.
The cornerstones of the earlier temple have been found to weigh over
100 tons and the retaining
 wall monoliths weigh, each, 300 tons,
leaving present-day archaeologists, scientists and historians mystified
as to how the stones were moved, where from, and in what way they
could have been manipulated into place. These blocks, and another
one mile from Baalbek which weighs over 900 tons, are known today
as the Baalbek Stones and have been the subject of much debate,
study and conjecture over how they were moved and arranged.
Later builders at the site, such as the Romans, used these early stones
as the foundations for their own temples but clearly did not move
them in any way.   http://www.ancient.eu/Baalbek/

 Libanon_Kanaans-land_eller_Bekaadalen_La-Gondole
Bekaadalen (eller Kanaans land). Vi er på restauranten La Gondole.

 Libanon_Kanaans-land_eller_Bekaadalen_La-Gondole
Mor på restaurant La Gondole
Libanon_Kanaans-land_eller_Bekaadalen_La-Gondole
Jan som sheik på La Gondole

The elongated plateau of the
Beqaa Valley is known for its
warm and dry summers and
cold and wet - even
snowy - winters.
Covered with olive groves,
cultivated wheat fields and
large numbers of vineyards,
figs and pomegranate trees,
the Beqaa Valley and its
fertile soil is the country’s
prime agricultural region. 
Predominantly Shi’ite, the Beqaa Valley is considered traditional and poor and on many occasions, it negatively has been associated with Hezbollah having their headquarters there. Due to the latter, the area suffered greatly from the 2006 Israel War.  http://www.living-lebanon.com/beqaa-valley.html


Sedertre
The mountains of Lebanon were once shaded by thick cedar forests
and the tree is the symbol of the country. After centuries of persistent
deforestation, the extent of these forests has been markedly reduced.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cedars_of_God

 Libanon_Beirut_sedertre
Sedertre i Libanon
Damascus, Syria


Syria (Listeni/ˈsɪ.riə/; Arabic: سوريا‎‎ Sūriyā), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية‎‎ al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah),
is a country in
 Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean
Sea
 to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south,
and
 Israel to the southwest. Syria's capital and largest city is Damascus.

A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to
diverse ethnic and religious groups
, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Mandeans
and
 Turks. Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, and Yazidis. Sunni Arabs make up the largest religious group in Syria.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syria


Damascus (Arabic: دمشق‎‎ Dimashq [dɪˈmaʃq], Syrian: [dɪˈmɪʃeʔ]) is the
capital and likely the largest city of Syria, following the decline in
population of Aleppo due to the ongoing battle for the city.
It is commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic: الشام‎‎ ash-Shām)
and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine (Arabic: مدينة الياسمين‎‎ Madīnat al-
Yāsmīn). In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited
cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious
centre of the Levant.
The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 as of 2009.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damascus


Flag of Syria


The flag of Syria was officially adopted on May 29, 1980.

Syria's flag, inspired by the French Tricolor,
uses the Pan-Arab colors of green, red, white and black.

The two stars - (depending on the point-of-view) -
either represent Syria and Egypt, or Syria and Iraq.

http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/asia/syria/syflags.htm




 Syria_Damascus_harem_Sultan-Aswans-palass
Jeg tror dette er fra Azm Palass i Damascus


Azm Palace (Arabic: قصر العظم‎‎) is a palace in Damascus,
Syria which was originally built in 1750 as a residence for the
Ottoman governor of Damascus As'ad Pasha al-Azm.
The palace now houses the Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions.


The architecture is an excellent example of Damascene traditional
houses. The structure consists of several buildings and two wings:
the harem and the selamlik. The harem is the family wing, which
was a private space for the residents (originally, the Azm family).
This wing includes the kitchen, servant quarters, and the baths,
which are a replica of the public baths in the city on a smaller
scale. The salamlik is the guest wing, and it comprises the formal
halls, reception areas and large courtyards with traditional
cascading fountains.

Used in the building of this palace were several types of stones including limestone, sandstone, basalt, and marble, chosen to
provide a natural decoration. The ceilings have painted wooden
panels that display natural scenes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azm_Palace



 Syria_Damascus_moske
Moskebesøk i Damascus. Alle fikk svarte kapper.

The Umayyad Mosque

Damascus is believed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the
world and the Umayyad Mosque stands on a site that has been
considered sacred ground for at least 3,000 years.

In the late fourth century, the temple area became a Christian sacred site.
The Temple of Jupiter was destroyed and a church dedicated to
 John the
Baptist
 was built in its place. The church was (and is) believed to enshrine
the head of the Baptist, and the site became an important pilgrimage
destination in the Byzantine era.

Initially, the Muslim conquest of Damascus in 636 did not affect the church,
as the building was shared by Muslim and Christian worshippers.
It remained a church and continued to draw Christian pilgrims; the Muslims
built a mud-brick structure against the southern wall where they could pray.

Under the Umayyad caliph Al-Walid, however, the church was demolished
 and the present mosque was built in its place between 706 and 715.
An indemnity was paid to the Christians in compensation. According to legend,
Al-Walid himself initiated the demolition by driving a golden spike into the church.

At that time, Damascus was one of the most important cities in the Middle
East and it would later become the
 capital of the Umayyad caliphate.
The Umayyad Mosque in Damascus was accordingly a
 magnificent structure.
The work of thousands of craftsmen of Coptic, Persian, Indian and Byzantine
origin, the Umayyad mosque complex included a prayer hall, a vast courtyard
and hundreds of rooms for visiting pilgrims. The layout was based on the

Mosque of the Prophet
 in Medina.
http://www.sacred-destinations.com/syria/damascus-umayyad-mosque


 Syria_Damascus_teppebutikk
Hos en teppehandler
Litt handling blir det jo.
Handling_Tyrkia_Libanon_Syria