Istanbul i Tyrkia,

Beirut i Libanon og

Damascus i Syria 1971

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Grete Emblemsvåg

siden er laget 6. juni 2017 og endret noe 5.9.2019


Turkey (Listeni/ˈtɜːrki/; Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]),
officially the
Republic of Turkey (Turkish: About
                    this sound Türkiye
Cumhuriyeti (help·info); pronounced [ˈtyɾcije d͡ʒumˈhuɾijeti]),
 is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia
in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan
peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, parliamentary
republic with a diverse cultural heritage. Turkey is bordered
by eight countries: Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest;
Georgia to the northeast; Armenia,
the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to
the east; Iraq and Syria to the south. The country is encircled
by seas on three sides: the Aegean Sea is to the west, the Black
Sea to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

The Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles,
which together form the Turkish Straits, divide Thrace and
Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia. Ankara is the
capital while Istanbul is the country's largest city and main
cultural and commercial centre. Approximately 70-80% of
the country's citizens identify themselves as ethnic Turks.
[ Other ethnic groups include legally
recognised[II (Armenians, Greeks, Jews) and unrecognised (Kurds, Arabs, Circassians, Albanians, Bosniaks,
Georgians, etc.) minorities.  Kurds are the largest ethnic
minority group, making up approximately 20% of the
population.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey


 
Turkey
The crescent and star became associated with Islam
when the Muslim Turkic peoples of Central Asia captured
the Anatolian peninsula (and, eventually, Constantinople)
and added the crescent and star of the latter to their own
plain red flags. There were several Turkish flags
throughout the centuries of the Ottoman Empire, most of
them incorporating the crescent and star and the colours
red or green.
In June 1793 the flag now used as the Turkish national
flag was established for the navy, although its star had
eight points instead of the current five. The reduction in
the number of star points was made about 1844. That
flag design was reconfirmed as the Turkish national
banner on June 5, 1936, following the revolution led by
Atatürk, who had established a republic in 1923 after
the collapse of the Ottoman dynasty.

https://www.britannica.com/topic/flag-of-Turkey

 Ut_fra_flyet
Mor og Jan Erik kommer ut fra flyet.

 Tyrkia_Istanbul_fra_hotel-Harem
En ettermiddag med uvær. Lyn, torden og vind.
Bildet er tatt fra rommet vårt på hotellet.


 Tyrkia_Den-Blaa_Moske_i_Istanbul
Grete med den Blå Moske i bakgrunnen


The Blue Mosque (Called Sultanahmet Camii in Turkish)
is an historical mosque in Istanbul. The mosque is known
as the Blue Mosque because of blue tiles surrounding the
walls of interior design.Mosque was built between 1609
and 1616 years, during the rule of Ahmed I. just like many
other mosques, it also comprises a tomb of the founder, a
madrasa and a hospice.Besides still used as a mosque, the
Sultan Ahmed Mosque has also become a popular
tourist attraction in Istanbul.
 
http://www.bluemosque.co/



 Tyrkia_Istanbul_Aya-Sofia
Mor filmer med Hagia Sophia i bakgrunnen.

Hagia Sophia is a great architectural beauty and an
important monument both for Byzantine and for
Ottoman Empires.
Once a church, later a mosque, and now a museum at
the Turkish Republic, Hagia Sophia has always been
the precious of its time..

Rebuilt by the orders of Emperor Justinian in 537, for
900 years Hagia Sophia had been the center of
Orthodox Christianity until 1453 when the city was
concurred by Ottomans. 500 years following the
conquest of Muslims, it became a jewel for the Muslim
world and as the grand mosque of the sultans.
http://www.hagiasophia.com/


 Tyrkia_Istanbul_Hipodromen
Hipodromen med to obelisker



Right:
Ortaköy Mosque
 (Turkish:
 Ortaköy Camii), officially the
Büyük Mecidiye Camii
 (Grand Imperial Mosque of Sultan
Abdülmecid
) in Beşiktaş, Istanbul, Turkey, is situated at
the waterside of the
Ortaköy pier square, one of the most
popular locations on the
 Bosphorus.

 Tyrkia_moske_i_Istanbul
On this site, a masjid commissioned by the son-in-law of
Vizier Ibrahim Pasha used to stand. Built in 1721, it was
ruined during the
 Patrona Halil Uprising. The current
mosque, which was erected in its place, was ordered by the
 Ottoman sultan Abdülmecid and built between 1854
and 1856, on the ruins of the
 Cantemir Palace.
Its architects were
 Armenian father and son Garabet
Amira Balyan
 and Nigoğayos Balyan (who also designed
the nearby
Dolmabahçe Palace and the Dolmabahçe
Mosque
), who designed it in the Neo-Baroque 
style.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ortak%C3%B6y_Mosque

 Tyrkia_Istanbul_Soleimanmoskeen
Mor blir liten utenfor Soleimanmoskeen.

The Suleiman Mosque
was
built on the order
of
 sultan Suleiman the
Magnificent

and constructed by the

great Ottoman
architect
Sinan.
The construction work
began
in 1550 and the
mosque was

finished in
 1557.
 Tyrkia_Istanbul
Noen har tungt arbeide
The mosque is modeled in part on the style of a Byzantine
basilica, particularly the Hagia Sophia, which was
perhaps a conscious move on the part of the sultan to
create a continuity and a symbolic connection with the
city's past.
http://www.sacred-destinations.com/turkey/istanbul-suleiman-mosque

Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) is Turkey's most populous city
as well as its cultural and financial hub. Located on both
sides of the Bosphorus, the narrow strait between the
Black Sea and the Marmara Sea, Istanbul
bridges Asia and Europe both physically and culturally.
Istanbul's population is estimated to be between
12 and 19 million people, making it also one of the
largest cities in Europe and the world. 
http://wikitravel.org/en/Istanbul

 Tyrkia_Istanbul_bassenget_hotel-Harem
Bassenget på hotel Harem, 1971

Best view of the Bosphorus

A Place of pleasure for discovering the beauty of
Istanbul while avoiding the chaos of the modern city.

The Harem Hotel offers you a great Istanbul experience
with its quality of service, comfort and unique panorama...

Staying at Harem Hotel in Istanbul will allow you to enjoy
the best of what Istanbul has to offer.

http://www.haremhotel.com/en/index.html

 Tyrkia_Istanbul_bassenget_hotel-Harem
Grete og Jan Erik ved bassenget på hotellet.
Rett nedenfor hotellet gikk fergene over til den
europeiske delen av Istanbul.

Vi besøkte flere steder i Istanbul enn det er bilder fra her.
Fotografering var dyrt den gang, og utstyret dårligere.

Libanon

Lebanon (Listeni/ˈlɛbənɒn/; Arabic: لبنان‎‎ Libnān; Lebanese
pronunciation: [lɪbˈnæːn]; French: Liban), officially known
as the Lebanese Republic  (Arabic: الجمهورية اللبنانية‎‎
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah; Lebanese pronunciation:
[elˈʒʊmhuːɾɪjje l.ˈlɪbnæːnɪjje]; French: République libanaise),
is a sovereign state in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria
to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus
is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location
at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the
Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped
a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity.
At just 10,452 km2 (4,036 sq. mi.), it is the smallest r
ecognized country on the entire mainland Asian continent.

The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back
more than seven thousand years, predating recorded history.
Lebanon was the home of the Canaanites/Phoenicians and
their kingdoms, a maritime culture that flourished for over
a thousand years (c. 1550–539 BC).
In 64 BC, the region came under the rule of the Roman
Empire, and eventually became one of the Empire's leading
centers of Christianity.
In the Mount Lebanon range a monastic tradition known as
the Maronite Church was established. As the Arab Muslims
conquered the region, the Maronites held onto their religion
and identity. However, a new religious group, the Druze,
established themselves in Mount Lebanon as well, generating
a religious divide that has lasted for centuries.
During the Crusades, the Maronites re-established contact
with the Roman Catholic Church and asserted their
communion with Rome. The ties they established with the
Latins have influenced the region into the modern era.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebanon




Flag of Lebanon




The national flag of Lebanon was adopted on
December 7, 1943.

The red bands on top and bottom symbolize the
pure blood shed in the fight for freedom, the
white for peace and the mountain snow, and the
green cedar is symbolic of immortality and
steadiness.
http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/
countrys/asia/lebanon/lbflags.htm



 Libanon_Beirut_hotel-Dolphin
Hotel Dolphin i Beirut

 Libanon_Beirut_hotel-Dolphin
Mor sitter på terrassen på hotellet.
Fin utsikt, men det var vel det eneste
som var fint ved dette hotellet.


 Libanon_Beirut_Long-Beach
Grete ved inngangen til Long Beach.

 Libanon_Beirut_Long-Beach
Bølgene er kraftige.

 Libanon_Beirut_Duegrottene
Dueklippene

  • Pigeon Rocks (Rawcheh District) A monumental natural arch
  • jutting up from the Mediterranean. Great place to sit at one of
  • the roadside cafes and watch the sun set.There is a trail that
  • leads in the beach in front of the Rocks.Locals are offering
  • boat ride in and around the Rocks with small fishing boats.
  • If you dare enough to trust them go but deal the price from
  •  the start in order you not overcharged.

http://wikitravel.org/en/Beirut#Landmarks

 Libanon_Beirut_Martyrplassen
Mor på Martyrplassen i Beirut.

In 1931, the historic square took its name to
commemorate the martyrs executed there under
Ottoman rule.
In the 1950s the square became a popular venue
for cinemas and coffee-houses.
During the Lebanese Civil War, it formed the
demarcation line that divided the city in half.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martyrs%27_Square,_Beirut

 Libanon_Beirut_flyktningeleir
Flyktningeleir i Beirut

 Libanon_Baalbeck
Baalbek tempel i Libanon
Baalbek is an ancient Phoenician city located in what is
now modern day Lebanon, north of Beirut, in the Beqaa
Valley. 
Inhabited as early as 9000 BCE, Baalbek grew into an
important pilgrimage site in the ancient world for the
worship of the Phoenician sky-god Baal and his consort
Astarte, the Queen of Heaven (the name `Baalbek' means
Lord Baal of the Beqaa Valley). The center of the city
was a grand temple
dedicated to Astarte and Baal and
 the ruins of this early temple remain today beneath the
later Roman Temple of Jupiter Baal.
The cornerstones of the earlier temple have been found
to weigh over 100 tons and the retaining
 wall 
monoliths
weigh, each, 300 tons, leaving present-day archaeologists,
scientists and historians mystified as to how the stones
were moved, where from, and in what way they could
have been manipulated into place. These blocks, and
another one mile from Baalbek which weighs over 900
tons, are known today as the Baalbek Stones and have
been the subject of much debate, study and conjecture
over how they were moved and arranged.
Later builders at the site, such as the Romans, used these
early stones as the foundations for their own temples but
clearly did not move them in any way.

http://www.ancient.eu/Baalbek/

 Libanon_Kanaans-land_eller_Bekaadalen_La-Gondole
Bekaadalen (eller Kanaans land).
Vi er på restauranten La Gondole.


 Libanon_Kanaans-land_eller_Bekaadalen_La-Gondole
Mor på restaurant La Gondole
Libanon_Kanaans-land_eller_Bekaadalen_La-Gondole
Jan som sheik på La Gondole
The elongated plateau
of the Beqaa Valley is
known for its warm and
dry summers and
cold and wet - even
snowy - winters.
Covered with olive
groves, cultivated
wheat fields and
large numbers of
vineyards, figs and
pomegranate trees,
the Beqaa Valley and its fertile soil is the country’s prime
agricultural region.

Predominantly Shi’ite, the Beqaa Valley is considered traditional
and poor and on many occasions, it negatively has been
associated with Hezbollah having their headquarters there.
Due to the latter, the area suffered greatly from the 2006
Israel War. 

http://www.living-lebanon.com/beqaa-valley.html


 Libanon_Beirut_sedertre
Sedertre
The mountains of Lebanon were once shaded by thick
cedar forests
and the tree is the symbol of the country.
After centuries of persistent
deforestation, the extent
of these forests has been markedly reduced.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cedars_of_God

Damascus, Syria

Syria (Listeni/ˈsɪ.riə/; Arabic: سوريا‎‎ Sūriyā), officially known as the
Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية‎‎
al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah),
is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the
Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to
the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Syria's capital and largest city is Damascus.

A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is
home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians,
Mandeans and Turks. Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Mandeans, Shiites,
Salafis, and Yazidis. Sunni Arabs make up the largest
religious group in Syria.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syria

Damascus (Arabic: دمشق‎‎ Dimashq [dɪˈmaʃq], Syrian: [dɪˈmɪʃeʔ])
is the capital and likely the largest city of Syria, following the
decline in population of Aleppo due to the ongoing battle for
the city.
It is commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham
(Arabic: الشام‎‎ ash-Shām) and nicknamed as the
City of Jasmine (Arabic: مدينة الياسمين‎‎ Madīnat al-Yāsmīn).
In addition to being one of the oldest continuously
inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major
cultural and religious centre of the Levant.
The city has an estimated population
of 1,711,000 as of 2009.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damascus

Flag of Syria


The flag of Syria was officially adopted on May 29, 1980.

Syria's flag, inspired by the French Tricolor,
uses the Pan-Arab colors of green, red, white and black.

The two stars - (depending on the point-of-view) -
either represent Syria and Egypt, or Syria and Iraq.

http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/
countrys/asia/syria/syflags.htm





 Syria_Damascus_harem_Sultan-Aswans-palass
Jeg tror dette er fra Azm Palass i Damascus

Azm Palace (Arabic: قصر العظم‎‎) is a palace in Damascus,
Syria which was originally built in 1750 as a residence
for the
Ottoman governor of Damascus
As'ad Pasha al-Azm.

The palace now houses the Museum of Arts and
Popular Traditions.


The architecture is an excellent example of Damascene
traditional houses. The structure consists of several
buildings and two wings: the harem and the selamlik.
The harem is the family wing, which was a private
space for the residents (originally, the Azm family).
This wing includes the kitchen, servant quarters, and
the baths, which are a replica of the public baths in the
city on a smaller scale. The salamlik is the guest wing,
and it comprises the formal halls, reception areas and
large courtyards with traditional cascading fountains.

Used in the building of this palace were several types
of stones including limestone, sandstone, basalt, and
marble, chosen to provide a natural decoration.
The ceilings have painted wooden
panels that display natural scenes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azm_Palace



 Syria_Damascus_moske
Moskebesøk i Damascus. Alle fikk svarte kapper.

The Umayyad Mosque
Damascus is believed to be the oldest continuously
inhabited city in the world and the Umayyad Mosque
stands on a site that has been considered sacred
ground for at least 3,000 years.

In the late fourth century, the temple area became a
Christian sacred site. The Temple of Jupiter was destroyed
and a church dedicated to John the Baptist was built in its
place. The church was (and is) believed to enshrine the
head of the Baptist, and the site became an important
pilgrimage destination in the Byzantine era.

Initially, the Muslim conquest of Damascus in 636 did not
affect the church, as the building was shared by Muslim
and Christian worshippers.
It remained a church and continued to draw Christian
pilgrims; the Muslims built a mud-brick structure against
the southern wall where they could pray.

Under the Umayyad caliph Al-Walid, however, the church
was demolished and the present mosque was built in its
place between 706 and 715. An indemnity was paid to the Christians in compensation. According to legend,
Al-Walid himself initiated the demolition by driving a
golden spike into the church.

At that time, Damascus was one of the most important
cities in the Middle East and it would later become the
capital of the Umayyad caliphate. The Umayyad Mosque in Damascus was accordingly a magnificent structure.
The work of thousands of craftsmen of Coptic, Persian,
Indian and Byzantine origin, the Umayyad mosque
complex included a prayer hall, a vast courtyard and
hundreds of rooms for visiting pilgrims. The layout was
based on the Mosque of the Prophet in Medina.
http://www.sacred-destinations.com/syria
/damascus-umayyad-mosque


 Syria_Damascus_teppebutikk
Hos en teppehandler
Litt handling blir det jo.
Handling_Tyrkia_Libanon_Syria


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