Jordan 2019

9. oktober - 18. oktober 2019
Reiseselskap: Escape

Severdigheter: Quseir Amra, Dasr al Azrad, Al - Kharaneh, Amman Citadel, Amman sentrum,
Ajlun Castle, Jerash
Madaba, Mount Nebo,
La Storia Tourism Complex,   Jordan River,    Dødehavet,
Wadi Muijib,  Kerak Castle,    
Petra,
Wadi Rum, Wadi Rum Station
Aqaba

Grete Emblemsvåg
siden er laget 14. november 2019

tilbake til 1. side


Onsdag 9. oktober 2019

Fra programmet for reisen:
Flyavgang fra Oslo Gardermoen med Turkish Airlines ved lunsjtid,
flybytte i Istanbul, og så ankommer vi Amman rundt midnatt og
kommer oss i hus.
Nattstille gater her hvor Midt-Østens nyere historie har gjort byen
til det moderne Jordans hovedstad, en summende storby og et
sentrum i regionen.
Vi har et par dager til å oppleve byen og ha den som base for
spennende dagsturer.




 Oslo-Lufthavn
Karl Martin får seg litt mat og kaffe før flyavgang.  Vi er på Ritazza på Gardermoen.


 Istanbul_flyplass
Så er vi kommet til den nye flyplassen i Istanbul.

Istanbul Airport
The first phase of the Istanbul Airport, which is the largest infrastructure project
in the history of the Turkish Republic, opened for service on October 29, 2018;
since April 6th 2019, the airport is operational with all units and at full capacity. Covering an area of 76,5 million square meters, the new airport serves as a
global hub between Asia, Africa and Europe.
https://www.istairport.com/en


 Jordan_Amman_fra_hotel-Sadeen
I Amman bodde vi på Sadeen hotel. Dette er utsikten fra rommet vårt.

Sadeen Amman Hotels & Suites offers to guests the ultimate facilities and
comforts. It is a hotel for travelers looking for luxury in private surrounding
with convenient location. Service from our associates is swift, professional
and friendly.

http://sadeenhotel.com/about-us/

Reisen gikk fint og hotellet var bra.
Torsdag 10. oktober 2019

Program for dagen:
Veien øst for Amman fører gjennom sand- og stenlandskaper, så flatt og endeløst,
med oppkommer her og der, hvor omayyadene, det første muslimske dynastiet,
bygde jaktslott, landsteder. De var egentlig nomader, men utviklet en bykultur i Damaskus og lengtet nok tilbake til ørkenens vide horisonter.
Ruinene er til dels så godt bevarte at de hjelper fantasien.
Et av dem, Qasr Amra, står på UNESCOs verdensarvliste.
T. E. Lawrence brukte dem til base for sine raid mot ottomanenes stillinger i
området og mot jernbanelinjen mot Mekka.

Tilbake i Amman skal vi utforske byen. Vi ser Citadell-høyden med levninger
fra romersk, bysantinsk og arabisk tid. Under føttene våre ligger 7000 års
historie. Nede i byen ligger et romersk teater og historiske museer.


 Jordan_Quseir-Amra_visitorcenter
Quseir Amra
Jordan_Quseir-Amra
The visitors Centre of the site
of Quseir Amra was built in
1999 by the ministry of
Tourism and Antiquities in
cooperation with the french
Embassy in Amman and with
a Finansial contribution from
UNESCO.
The french institute of
archaeology for the near east
(IFAPO) carried out the
documentation of the murals, the restoration of the saqiya,
and furnished the show room of the visitors Centre.
Jordan_Quseir-Amra
Quseir Amra has been
inscribed upon the World
Heritage list of the
Convention concerning the
protection of world Cultural
and Natural Heritage.
Inscription on this list
confirms the exceptional
universal value of a cultural
or natural site, which
deserves protection for
the benefit of all humanities.

Built in the early 8 century, this hunting pavilion in the steppe was from time to
time used as a temporary lodging for members of the ruling Umayyad family.
The most outstanding features are reception hall and the baths, both richly
decorated with figurative murals that reflect the secular art of the time.

 Jordan_Quseir-Amra

 Jordan_Quseir-Amra

Along with the intriguing architecture of the building Qusayr Amra is also
famed for its wall paintings. Each wall painting in the castle depicts the
life of the Umayyads with images of wrestlers, half-naked women, dog
races and hunting. These paintings were a pleasant surprise to historians
as they shed some light on the livelihood of the Umayyads.

The bath building still remains and is adorned with murals depicting local life
during the 8th Century. In the changing room, visitors will find a painting with
three blackened faces which is believed to reflect the three life stages.

The most famous painting on site is the Dome of Heaven; a map of the
northern hemisphere sky located in the domed ceiling.
The map includes the zodiac signs and is thought to be the very first map of
the universe painted onto a curved surface.
https://touristjordan.com/qusayr-amra/
Jordan_Quseir-Amra
Jordan_Quseir-Amra

 Jordan_Quseir-Amra_the_well
Brønnen i Quseir Amra
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Jordan_Quseir-Amra
Jordan_Quseir-Amra

 Jordan_Quseir-Amra_the_well

 Jordan_Quseir-Amra_beduin-te
Servering av te

 Jordan_Quseir-Amra_beduin-telt

Jordan_veiskilt_til_Irak_og_Saudi-Arbias_grens
Vi er ikke langt fra grensen
til Irak og Saudi Arabia

Jordan_veiskilt_til_Umari_border-crossing

 Jordan_Dasr-al-Azrad
Dasr al Azrad
 Jordan_Dasr-al-Azrad

 Jordan_Dasr-al-Azrad
Qasr al-Azraq
The strategic significance of the castle is that it lies in the middle of the Azraq
oasis, the only permanent source of fresh water in approximately 12,000
square kilometres (4,600 sq mi) of desert. Several civilizations are known to
have occupied the site for its strategic value in this remote and arid desert area.
The area was inhabited by the Nabataean people and around 200 CE fell under
the control of the Romans. The Romans built a stone structure using the local
basalt stone that formed a basis for later constructions on the site, a structure
that was equally used by the Byzantine and Umayyad empires.

Qasr al-Azraq underwent its final major stage of building in 1237 CE, when
'Izz ad-Din Aybak, an emir of the Ayyubids, redesigned and fortified it.
The fortress in its present form dates to this period.
In the 16th century the Ottoman Turks stationed a garrison there, and
T. E. Lawrence
 (Lawrence of Arabia) made the fortress his desert
headquarters during the winter of 1917, during the Great Arab Revolt
against the Ottoman Empire. His office was in the chamber above the
entrance gatehouse. It had an additional advantage in modern warfare:
the flat nearby desert was an ideal place to build an airfield.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qasr_Azraq

 Jordan_Dasr-al-Azrad

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Fra Dasr al Azraq kjørte
vi videre til Kharaneh
som kan ha blitt
brukt som
overnattingssted.


Al - Kharaneh
 Jordan_hotel-Kharaneh

 Jordan_hotel-Kharaneh

 Jordan_hotel-Kharaneh



Qasr Kharana
 (Arabic: قصر خرّانة‎), sometimes Qasr al-Harrana, Qasr al-Kharanah, Kharaneh or Hraneh, is one of the best-known of the desert castles located in present-day eastern Jordan, about 60 kilometres (37 mi) east of Amman and relatively close to the border with Saudi Arabia. It is believed to have been built sometime before the early 8th century AD, based on a graffito in one of its upper rooms, despite visible Sassanid influences. A Greek or Byzantine house may have existed on the site. It is one of the earliest examples of Islamic architecture in the region.
Jordan_hotel-Kharaneh
Jordan_hotel-Kharaneh
Its purpose remains unclear today. "Castle" is a misnomer as the building's
internal arrangement does not suggest a military use, and slits in its wall
could not have been designed for arrowslits. It could have been a caravanserai,
or resting place for traders, but lacks the water source such buildings usually
had close by and is not on any major trade routes.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qasr_Al-Kharanah

 Jordan_hotel-Kharaneh
Jordan_hotel-Kharaneh
Jordan_hotel-Kharaneh
Fra Kharaneh kjørte vi tilbake til Amman.
Nå var det tid for lunsj

Jordan_Amman_restaurant_Tawaheen-al-Hawa
Jordan_Amman_restaurant_Tawaheen-al-Hawa
https://www.facebook.com/TawaheenAlhawa/

 Jordan_Amman_restaurant_Tawaheen-al-Hawa
Fin restaurant og fin servering. Mange forskjellige retter,
men sånn er visst skikken i Jordan. God mat.
Restauranten var alkoholfri, så det ble juice til maten.
Vi ble anbefalt Lemon and lime juice og  valgte det.

Amman Citadel
 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet
Jordan_Amman_Citadellet
The Amman Citadel is a historical
site at the center of downtown
Amman
, Jordan.

Known in Arabic as Jabal al-Qal'a,
(جبل القلعة),
Jordan_Amman_Citadellet_
the L-shaped hill is one of the seven jabals (mountains) that originally made up
Amman. Evidence of occupation since the pottery Neolithic period has been found.
It was inhabited by different peoples and cultures until the time of the Umayyads,
after which came a period of decline and for much of the time until 1878 the former
city became an abandoned pile of ruins only sporadically used by Bedouins and
seasonal farmers. Despite this gap, the Citadel of Amman is considered to be among
the world's oldest continuously inhabited places.
Jordan_Amman_Citadellet
The Citadel is considered an
important site because it has had
a long history of occupation by
many great civilizations. Most of
the buildings still visible at the
site are from the Roman,
Byzantine, and Umayyad periods.
The major buildings at the site are the Temple of Hercules, a Byzantine church, and the Umayyad Palace.
Though the fortification walls
enclose the heart of the site, the
ancient periods of occupation
 covered large areas. Historic
structures, tombs, arches, walls
and stairs have no modern
borders, and therefore there is considerable archaeological
potential at this site, as well as in

surrounding lands, and throughout Amman.
Archaeologists have been working at the site since the 1920s, including Italian, British, French, Spanish, and Jordanian projects, but a great part of the Citadel remains unexcavated.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amman_Citadel

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet
Grete  ser på utsikten mot Amman og det romerske teateret der nede.
Jordan_Amman_Citadellet_Herkules-tempel
Temple of Hercules
161-166 AD This great temple was dedicated
to a supreme Roman Deity, The tenple has
been attributed to the popluar hero-god
Hercules due to the discovery of gigantic
arms of a marble statue near the temple area. Hercules was the son of Zeus and a mortal
woman (Alcemen) and was known for his supernatural physical strength.

Also, Hercules is depicted
on Roman coins
 minted in the city, which was called Philadelphia at the time. The temple stands within an immense temenos (sacred precinct) that is surrounded by porticos. It was positioned on a large purpose-built stone podium and was meant to be seen from lower city. It is thouht that it was built on top an earlier temple associated with the Ammonite god Milkom. According to an inscription that was at the top of its facade, the temple of Hercules was built when Geminius Marcianos was governor of Provincia Arabia (161-166 AD) in dedication to the co-emperors of Rome, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. A second Roman temple was constructed in the north of the Citadel site at the highest point of the acropolis. It was built before the mid 2nd century AD, however its materials were later integrated into the structure of the Unayyad Complex in 730 AD. 

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet
 

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet
 

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet
Umayyad Palace
The Umayyad Palace
The buildings that formed part
of the
Umayyad Palace are the
best-preserved structure at the
Amman Citadel. It is believed to
have been built between the 7th
and 8th Century. The palace
originally covered a large
complex of buildings, but most of
it was destroyed by an earthquake.
The domed audience hall is still in
a good condition and its grand
design was used to impress visitors
to the palace. Within the Umayyad
complex is a courtyard containing
the ruins of residential buildings
and the Cistern which was used to
transport water to the p
alace.
https://touristjordan.com/amman-citadel/
Jordan_Amman_Citadellet_Umayyad-palace


 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet_sisterne

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet

 Jordan_Amman_Citadellet
Jordan_Amman_Citadellet
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Fra Citadellet kjørte vi ned til sentrum av Amman.
Jordan_Amman_Citadellet
Jordan_Amman_Citadellet

Amman (English: /ɑːˈmɑːn/; Arabic: عَمّان‎ ʻammān pronounced [ʕamːaːn]) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political
and cultural centre. Situated in north-central Jordan, Amman is the administrative centre of the Amman Governorate. The city has a population of 4,007,526 and a
land area of 1,680 square kilometres (648.7 square miles). Today, Amman is considered to be among the most modernized Arab cities. It is a major tourist destination in the region, particularly among Arab and European tourists.
The earliest evidence of settlement in Amman is in a Neolithic site known as 'Ain Ghazal, where some of the oldest human statues ever found dating to 7250 BC
were uncovered. During the Iron Age, the city was known as Ammon, home to the Kingdom of the Ammonites. It was named Philadelphia during its Greek and
Roman periods, and was finally called Amman during the Islamic period.
Abandoned for much of the medieval and post-medieval period, modern
Amman dates to the late 19th century when Circassian immigrants were
settled there by the Ottoman Empire in 1867. 
The first municipal council
was established in 1909. Amman witnessed rapid growth after its
designation as Transjordan's capital in 1921, and after several successive
waves of refugees: Palestinians in 1948 and 1967; Iraqis in 1990 and 2003;
and Syrians since 2011. It was initially built on seven hills but now spans
over 19 hills combining 27 districts, which are administered by the Greater
Amman Municipality headed by its mayor Yousef Shawarbeh.] Areas of
Amman have gained their names from either the hills (Jabal) or the valleys
(Wadi) they occupy, such as Jabal Lweibdeh and Wadi Abdoun. East Amman
is predominantly filled with historic sites that frequently host cultural
activities, while West Amman is more modern and serves as the economic
center of the city.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amman

Jordan_Amman_sentrum
Jordan_Amman_sentrum


 Jordan_Amman_sentrum
Vi går gjennom markedet i Amman sentrum.

 Jordan_Amman_sentrum

 Jordan_Amman_sentrum
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 Jordan_Amman_sentrum

 Jordan_Amman_sentrum
Grand Husseini Mosque

Fredag 11. oktober 2019
 
Jordan_Amman_hotel-Sadeen
Program for dagen:
Ute i skogkledde åser ligger
festningen Ajlun, bygget av en
general som sto under kommando
av Saladin, han som førte
korsfarerne til nederlag sist på 1100-tallet.
Ajlun markerer østgrensen for korsfarernes erobringer. Den kontrollerte karavanetrafikken
mellom Damaskus og Egypt.
Korsfarerne prøvde å innta
festningen, men klarte det aldri.
I byen ligger en av regionens
eldste moskeer, en gammel
kirke som ble tatt i bruk av
den nye tro.
Fra Ajlun reiser vi til "Østens
Pompeii", Jerash, den best bevarte
by i Dekapolis, Romerrikets utpost
i Levanten. Det spesielle med Jerash
er byens ovale forum, et torv som
ellers alltid ble bygget med rette
vinkle.  I Jerash vaier utrolig nok de klassiske søylene i vinden!

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
Ajlun Castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle


  Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
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Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
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 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 
 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

Who lived in the castle?

A community of military personnel inhabited the castle, including leaders, generals, and soldiers. There were living and sleeping quarters for the soldiers inside the castle, along with stables for the horses. These quarters were mostly located in the lower levels of the castle. One such section was equipped with a shaft used for ventilation and communication with the upper levels.

The upper level og Tower 7 was probably the castle palace. There was a military school inside the castle, which was renowned for teaching war economics.

One of the soldiers quarters on the lower level could have been used as a prison or a storage area for food supplies. A large dining hall is located on the third level overlooking the city of Ajlun.


  Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

  Jordan_Ajlun-Castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

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Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 

Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle



 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
Våpenrommet

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle

Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle



 Jordan_Amman-Ajlun_Ajlun-castle
Jordan_Ajlun-Jerash_oliven
Jordan_Jerash_Green-Valley-restaurant

 Jordan_Jerash_Green-Valley-restaurant

 Jordan_Jerash_Green-Valley-restaurant
Lunsj på Green Valley Restaurants. Vita alkoholfritt øl til maten.
Jordan_Jerash

Etter lunsj kjørte vi til den gamle romerske byen i Jerash.
Jordan_Jerash


 Jordan_Jerash
Jerash
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Jordan_Jerash
Jerash (Arabic: جرش‎; Ancient Greek: Γέρασα) is a city in northern Jordan. The city is the administrative center of the Jerash Governorate, and has a population
of 50,745 as of 2015. It is located 48 kilometres (30 mi) north of the capital city Amman.

The earliest evidence of settlement in Jerash is in a Neolithic site known as
Tal Abu Sowan, where rare human remains dating to around 7500 BC
were uncovered.


Jerash flourished during the Greco and Roman periods until the mid-eighth century CE, when the 749 Galilee earthquake destroyed large parts of it, while subsequent earthquakes contributed to additional destruction. However, in the year 1120, Zahir ad-Din Toghtekin, atabeg of Damascus ordered a garrison of forty men stationed in Jerash to convert the Temple of Artemis into a fortress. It was captured in 1121 by Baldwin II, King of Jerusalem, and utterly destroyed. Then, the Crusaders immediately abandoned Jerash and withdrew to Sakib (Seecip); the eastern border
of the settlement.

 Jordan_Jerash
Jerash was then deserted until it reappeared by the beginning of the
Ottoman rule in the early 16th century. In the census of 1596, it had a
population of 12 Muslim households.
However, the archaeologists have found a small Mamluk hamlet in the
Northwest Quarter which indicates that Jerash was resettled
before the Ottoman era. The excavations conducted since 2011 have shed light
on the Middle Islamic period as recent discoveries have uncovered a large
concentration of Middle Islamic/Mamluk structures and pottery. The ancient
city has been gradually revealed through a series of excavations which
commenced in 1925, and continue to this day.

Jerash today is home to one of the best preserved Greco-Roman cities, which
earned it the nickname of "Pompeii of the East". Approximately 330,000 visitors
arrived in Jerash in 2018, making it one of the most visited sites in Jordan. The
city hosts the Jerash Festival, one of the leading cultural events in the Middle
East that attracts tens of thousands of visitors every year.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerash

 Jordan_Jerash

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The Nymphaeum. There used to be statues of nymphs in all the little nooks
and water running down the walls. The water ways were destroyed by the
earthquake though.
https://www.notscaredofthejetlag.com/jerash-pictures-beautiful-ruins/

 Jordan_Jerash
Jordan_Jerash
Jordan_Jerash
Her selges kaffe, te og kalde drikker.


 Jordan_Jerash

 Jordan_Jerash

 Jordan_Jerash

Built about AD 165 and enlarged in 235, the beautiful little North Theatre was
most likely used for government meetings rather than artistic performances. Originally it had 14 rows of seats, with two vaulted passageways leading to the
front of the theatre, as well as five internal arched corridors leading to the upper
rows. Many of the seats are inscribed with the names of delegates who voted in
the city council.
https://www.lonelyplanet.com/jordan/jerash/attractions/north-theatre/a/poi-sig/1442851/361072


 Jordan_Jerash
Artemis was the patron goddess of the city and was highly esteemed
by the Hellenistic population of Gerasa, while the Semitic part of the
population preferred Zeus. Construction of the temple was finished in
CE 150, during the reign of Emperor Antoninus Pius.
The building had a hexastyle portico with twelve columns, of which
eleven are still standing. Corinthian capitals decorating the columns
are very well preserved. The temple walls had three entrances
decorated with three Corinthian pilasters.
The Temple of Artemis supposedly was the most beautiful and important
temple of ancient Gerasa, containing fine marble paneling and a richly
decorated cult statue within the cella.
If still in use by the 4th-century, the temple would have been closed
during the persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire. In the early
12th century the temple was converted into a fortress by a garrison
stationed in the area by the Zahir ad-Din Toghtekin, atabeg of Damascus.
Baldwin II, King of Jerusalem, captured and burned the fortress in
 CE 1121-1122. The inner faces of the temple walls still clearly show the
effect of the great fire.
The temple, along with other ruins in the area of Gerasa, was excavated b
y Clarence Stanley Fisher and his expedition in 1930s.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_of_Artemis,_Jerash
Jordan_Jerash
Interesting fact: you can put the end of a spoon between the base and the column
and see how the column moves constantly. In a way, this is a built-in earthquake
safety feature and possibly the reason
why so many of them are still standing.
https://www.notscaredofthejetlag.com/jerash-pictures-beautiful-ruins/
Jordan_Jerash


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Built during the reign of Emperor Domitian, between 90-92 AD, the South Theatre
can seat more than 3,000 spectators. The 1st level of the ornate stage, which was originally a two- story structure, has been reconstructed and is still used today. The theatre's remarkable acoustics allow a speaker at the center of the orchestra floor
to be heard throughout the entire auditorium without raising his voice.


 Jordan_Jerash

Two vaulted passages lead into the orchestra, and four passages at the back
of the theatre give access to the upper rows of seats. Some seats could be
reserved and the Greek letters which designate them can still be seen.
http://international.visitjordan.com/Wheretogo/Jerash.aspx?tabId=140&experienceId=3

 Jordan_Jerash

Jordan_Jerash

 Jordan_Jerash
Han selger granatepler.

The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub
 in the family Lythraceae, subfamily Punicoideae, that grows between 5
and 10 m (16 and 33 ft) tall.
The fruit is typically in season in the Northern Hemisphere from
September to February,[2] and in the Southern Hemisphere from March
to May. As intact arils or juice, pomegranates are used in baking, cooking,
juice blends, meal garnishes, smoothies, and alcoholic beverages, such as cocktails and wine.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pomegranate

 Jordan_Jerash
The King Talal Dam is a large dam in the hills of northern Jordan, across
the Zarqa River. The dam was started in 1971, with the original
construction being completed in 1978 at a height of 92.5 meters.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Talal_Dam

 Jordan
Jordan
Jordan
Et lokalt "Vinmonopol". Vi kjøpte jordansk vin og øl.
Lørdag 12. oktober 2019

Først til Madaba, kjent for sine mosaikker fra ulike tidsepoker. Spesielt kjent
er det 25X5 meter store mosaikk-kartet fra 500-tallet e. Kr. som viser
Palestina og nedre Egypt. Vi opplever vår egen reiserute slik bysantinerne
så den.
Så til Mount Nebo 710 moh, fjellet der Moses fikk se inn i det lovede land
etter sin førti år lange ørkenvandring. Flott utsikt. På en klar dag kan vi
se Dødehavet, Jeriko, tårnene på Oljeberget, Jordan-elven.
Og så ned til Jordan-elven ca 400meter under havoverflaten.
Det sies at det var her omtrent at Jesus møtte sin fetter Johannes og ble
døpt i elven. Mange kirkesamfunn har bygget helligdommer her, vi besøker
den lille lutherske kirken som er utsmykket av norske Håkon Gullvåg.
Han har gjort stedet til noe helt spesielt, midt i sumpaktig ørkenområde,
forunderlig landskap. Står på UNESCOs verdensarvliste.
Vi kommer til vårt hotell ved dødehavet i tide for en dukkert.
Ikke dykk, det svir!
(fra reiseprogrammet)
Madaba
 Jordan_Madaba
Vi er Madaba på vei til den gresk-ortodopkse kirken for å se mosaikk-kartet.
Jordan_Makaba_gresk-ortodokse_kirken
Jordan_Makaba_gresk-ortodokse_kirken

St George`s Church in Madaba


 Jordan_Makaba_gresk-ortodokse_kirken

 Jordan_Makaba_gresk-ortodokse_kirken

 Jordan_Makaba_gresk-ortodokse_kirken
The Madaba Map, also known as the Madaba Mosaic Map, is part of a floor
mosaic in the early Byzantine church of Saint George in Madaba, Jordan.
The Madaba Map is of the Middle East, and part of it contains the oldest
surviving original cartographic depiction of the Holy Land and especially
Jerusalem. It dates to the 6th century AD.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madaba_Map

Jordan_Makaba_gresk-ortodokse_kirken
Jordan_Madaba_mosaikk







A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assembling of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. It is often used in decorative art or as interior decoration. Most mosaics are made of small, flat, roughly square, pieces of stone or glass of different colors, known as tesserae (singular tessera). Some, especially floor mosaics, are made of small rounded pieces of stone and called pebble mosaics.
Mosaics have a long history, starting in Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC.


 Jordan_Madaba_mosaikk

Pebble mosaics were made in Tiryns in Mycenean Greece; mosaics with
patterns and pictures became widespread in classical times, both in Ancient
Greece and Ancient Rome. Early Christian basilicas from the 4th century
onwards were decorated with wall and ceiling mosaics. Mosaic art flourished
in the Byzantine Empire from the 6th to the 15th centuries; that tradition
was adopted by the Norman Kingdom of Sicily in the 12th century, by the
eastern-influenced Republic of Venice, and among the Rus in Ukraine.
Mosaic fell out of fashion in the Renaissance, though artists like Raphael
continued to practise the old technique. Roman and Byzantine influence led
Jewish artists to decorate 5th and 6th century synagogues in the Middle East
with floor mosaics.
Mosaic was widely used on religious buildings and palaces in early Islamic
art, including Islam's first great religious building, the Dome of the Rock in
Jerusalem, and the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus. Mosaic went out of fashion
in the Islamic world after the 8th century.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosaic
Jordan_Mount-Nebo
Jordan_Mount-Nebo

Mount Nebo
 Jordan_Mount-Nebo
Mount Nebo is steeped in religious significance as it is believed to be the place
that Moses stood on to view the sacred Promised Land before his death.
According to the Book of Deuteronomy Moses died on Mount Nebo and was
buried in Moab. In the fourth century, a small monastery was built by Egyptian
monks on the mountain peak in memory of Moses. This church was then
reconstructed in the fifth century into a basilica. The basilica still stands on
Mount Nebo today and contains a fascinating collection of Byzantine mosaics.
https://touristjordan.com/mount-nebo/

 Jordan_Mount_Nebo
Utsikten fra Mount Nebo

 Jordan_Mount_Nebo
 
 Jordan_fra_Mount-Nebo.

 Jordan_Mount_Nebo

 Jordan_Mount_Nebo
Jordan_Mount_Nebo
Jordan_Mount_Nebo

5. Mosebok 32 48-52

The Lord said to Moses that same day, 

“Go up to this mountain of the Abarim,
Mount Nebo, in the land of
Moab beside Jericho. Look at the land
 of Canaan, which I am giving to the
 people of Israel for their own. Then die
on the mountain you go up, and join
your people, as Aaron your brother died
on Mount Hor and joined his people.

This is because you were not faithful to Me among the people of Israel at the
waters of Meribah-Kadesh, in the Desert of Zin and you did not honor Me as
holy among the people of Israel.  You will see the land from far away, but you
will not go into the land I am giving the people of Israel.”
5 Mosebok 34 1-8
Now Moses went up from the valleys of Moab to Mount Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, beside Jericho. And the Lord showed him all the land, Gilead as far as Dan,  all of Naphtali, the land of Ephraim and Manasseh, all the land of Judah as far as the
sea in the west,  the Negev and the plain in the valley of Jericho, the city of palm
trees, as far as Zoar.  Then the Lord said to him, “This is the land I promised
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, saying, ‘I will give it to your children.’ I have let you
see it with your eyes, but you will not go there.” 

So Moses the servant of the Lord died there in the land of Moab, as the Word of
the Lord said.
And He buried him in the valley in the land of Moab, beside
Beth-peor.
But no man knows where he is buried to this day.  Moses was 120 years old when
he died. But his eyes were not weak, and his strength had not left him. 
The children of Israel cried for Moses in the valley of Moab for thirty days.
Then the days of crying and sorrow for Moses came to an end.

 Jordan_Mount_Nebo

 Jordan_Mount_Nebo

 Jordan_Mount_Nebo

 Jordan_Mount_Nebo

By the 4th century AD, Mount Nebo had already become a pilgrimage site
and a church and sanctuary were built on Siyagha to honor Moses.
In the 6th century AD, monks constructed a Byzantine monastery on Siyagha,
which lasted for almost six centuries. While the building is no longer there,
the mosaics from this time period are still visible. The site was abandoned
by the 16th century. In 1993, Mount Nebo was purchased by the Franciscans
who restored the site. It is an active Franciscan monastery today that is open
to visitors.

https://www.touristisrael.com/mount-nebo/16954/

 


 Jordan_Mount_Nebo
Jordansk sang og dans ved inngangen til Mount Nebo.
La Storia Tourism Complex

 Jordan_Mount_Nebo_Babels-Tower
Babels Tårn

 La_Storia_Tourism_Complex
Faraos datter finner kurven med Moses i Nilsen
The La Storia Tourism Complex is located on Mount Nebo. Visitors can take a tour
of the museum which includes information on the religious history of Mount Nebo
and the surrounding area. The museum is currently undergoing a project which
aims to create the largest mosaic in the world at 30 meters long with 3.5 million pieces.
The mosaic will depict the entire route of the King’s Highway and
visitors can take part in the project by placing a piece into the mosaic.
The museum also offers a variety of workshops for visitors of all ages.
https://touristjordan.com/mount-nebo/

 La_Storia_Tourism_Complex
Rødehavet deler seg

 Jordan_Mount-Nebo_La_Storia_Tourism_Complex
Jesus blir født i Betlehem

Jordan_Mount-Nebo_La_Storia_Tourism_Complex
Johannes døperen døper
Jesus ved Jordan-elva

Jordan_Mount-Nebo_La_Storia_Tourism_Complex
Disippelen Thomas kjenner på sårene
til Jesus.


Jordan_Mount_Nebo_Jesus
Påskemåltidet
i
Jerusalem


 

 Jordan_Mount-Nebo_La_Storia_Tourism_Complex
Mekka med Kaba
Jordan_Mount-Nebo_La_Storia_Tourism_Complex
I beduinerteltet
Jordan_Mount-Nebo_La_Storia_Tourism_Complex
Jordan_Mount-Nebo_La_Storia_Tourism_Complex
Massasje
Jordan_gryterett
Oppned gryte
Fra Mount Nebo 710 moh kjørte vi ned elva Jordan som ligger 400 muh.
Jordan River
 Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva

 Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Den tyske evangelisk Lutherske kirken ved Jordan-elva.
Presten der var guiden vår på turen ned til elva.


 Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Kirken er utsmykket av Håkon Gullvåg
Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Dette kan være Jesu døpested

Håkon Gullvåg has decorated the altarpiece for Evangelical Lutheran
Church in Jordan and The Holy Land.

Håkon Gullvåg har laget alterutsmykkning til The Evangelical Lutheran
Church in Jordan and The Holy Land. 


http://haakon-gullvaag.no/en-kunst-utsmykning-alterutsmykkning_i_jordan

 Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva

 Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva

 Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva

Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Then Jesus came from Galilee to
the Jordan to be baptized by John. 
But John tried to deter him, saying,
“I need to be baptized by you, and
do you come to me?”

Jesus replied, “Let it be so now; it
is proper for us to do this to fulfill
all righteousness.” 
Then John consented.   As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water.
At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like
a dove and alighting on him. 17 And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son,
whom I love; with him I am well pleased.”
Matthew 3:13-17


 Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva

 Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Her er vi kommet helt ned til elva.
På Israelsk side ser det ut til å foregå en dåpssermoni.
På Jordansk side er det rolig, bare noen turister som kjenner på vannet.

The Jordan River or River Jordan (Hebrew: נְהַר הַיַּרְדֵּן, Nahar ha-Yarden; Classical Syriac: ܢܗܪܐ ܕܝܘܪܕܢܢ‎, Arabic: نَهْر الْأُرْدُنّ‎, Nahr
al-Urdunn) is a 251-kilometre-long (156 mi) river in the Middle East that flows roughly north to south through the Sea of Galilee (Hebrew: כנרת
Kinneret, Arabic: Bohayrat Tabaraya, meaning Lake of Tiberias) and on to the Dead Sea. Jordan and the Golan Heights border the river to the east,
while the West Bank and Israel lie to
its west. Both Jordan and the West
Bank take their names from the river.
The river holds major significance in Judaism and Christianity since the Bible says that the Israelites
crossed it into the Promised Land and that Jesus of Nazareth was baptized by John the Baptist in it.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jordan_River
Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva


 Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva

 Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Mange kirkesamfunn har bygget kirker langs elva.

 Jordan_ved_Jordan-elva
Dødehavet
 Jordan_Dead_Sea
Dead Sea Spa Hotel

 Jordan_Dead_Sea

 Jordan_Dead_Sea

 Jordan_Dead_Sea

Floating on the Dead Sea is one of those experiences that seems almost too
surreal. The water is milky blue and almost completely devoid of life. Except,
of course, for the tourists that flock to the region to float on one of saltiest,
and most incredible bodies of water in the world. With legends of the
near-magical healing properties of the mineral-rich mud found in the Jordan
Dead Sea, it’s no surprise that countless resorts and spas have found their
home along this legendary waterfront. While most people associate the Dead
Sea with Israel, the Dead Sea is actually situated between Jordan and Israel.
And if you’re looking for the perfect place to float in the Dead Sea, I think
 Jordan is where you should go!

The Dead Sea is the lowest point on the surface of the Earth. The Dead Sea is
situated at 429 m (1,407 ft) below sea level. It is 304 m (997 ft) deep, 50 km
(31 mi) long and 15 km (9 mi) wide at its widest point. The Dead Sea water
has a density of 1.24 kg/l, which makes floating a breeze. In fact, it’s almost
impossible to sink in the Dead Sea.


But what is the process for getting the baby soft skin promised by floating on the
Dead Sea and Bathing in the Dead Sea mud and minerals? Well, thankfully there
are signs posted near most of the resorts and public areas breaking down the
guide to maximizing the benefits of Dead Sea Mud.

1. Swim and float in the Dead Sea for 10 minutes.
2. After swimming, apply the Dead Sea mud directly on to your body
   
conservatively. You can get the mud either from the bottom of the
   
Dead Sea in the public areas, or, at the resorts there are usually
   
buckets of the mud placed in sheltered areas near the shore.
3. Wait 15 – 20 minutes until the Dead Sea mud has caked dry on
   
your body.
4. Return to the Dead Sea and wash off the mud by floating on the
   
Dead See some more.
5. Take a shower after you exit the Dead Sea.
6. You can do this once or twice daily

It sounded simple enough, so off we went to accomplish Step 1.
But that is where we learned one of the biggest lessons about the Dead
Sea.
Bathing in the Dead Sea means subjecting any cuts and scratches you
may have received on your travels to salt. Lots of salt. And if you’ve ever
heard the term “pouring salt on a wound”, a swim in the Dead Sea will
remind you just how poignant that statement is! Any scratches or cuts
will hurt. It is also very important to keep the salt water away from your
eyes, as it will make for a very uncomfortable burning sensation. You also
need to make sure that the salt water doesn’t go into your mouth,
because it tastes terrible. Trust me on that one!

https://wanderingwagars.com/floating-on-the-dead-sea/

 Jordan_Dead_Sea

 Jordan_Dead_Sea
Jordan_Dead_Sea
Jordan_Dead_Sea

Etter badet i Dødehavet var det ganske godt å
svømme i ganske alminnelig bassengvann.

Til høyre: Natt ved Deødehavet.
Lysene på den andre siden er fra Israel.

På høyden ser vi lysene fra Jerusalem.
Jordan_Dead_Sea_Spa
 
ndag 13. oktober 2019

Programmet: Dødehavet - Wadi Muijib - Kerak - Petra

Vi begynner dagen med å utforske det spennende ørkenlandskapet til fots,
enten i Wadi Muijib-kløften eller i Dana Nasjonalpark, avhengig av
vannstanden i ørkenelvene.  Akkurat så lett eller krevende som hver især
ønsker, landskapet er vakkert.

Veien fra Dødehavet slynger seg i hårnålsvinger opp til Kerak, en småby
som har en fin korsfarerfestning. Her er det historie og historier å fortelle.
Det var en gang et bryllup. Herfra fortsetter vi ad den brede Desert Highway, Ørkenveien, og så inn på smalere veier til Wadi Musa, rett utenfor Petra.
(fra reiseprogrammet)

 Jordan_Dead-Sea-Spa
Wadi_Muijib
 Jordan_Muijib-fjellene
Det ble en tur til Wadi Muijib-kløfta for oss.
Det ble en fantastisk opplevelse.

Dessverre har vi ikke noen egne bilder fra kløfta.
Vi hadde ikke tatt med noe vanntett kamera.

Derfor har jeg "lånt" noen bilder fra internett.
Legger med lenke til en film også.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lAX1tD4s-V0
Jordan_Wadi-Muijib

Picture from: https://www.lonelyplanet.com/jordan/
amman/activities/wadi-mujib-siq-trail/a/pa-act/v-
2268P108/361068
Mujib Biospere Reserve - Siq Trail
Picture from: http://www.wideangleadventure.com/
2016/07/18/siq-trail-mujib-biosphere-reserve-dead-
sea-jordan/
Bilderesultat for wadi mujib siq trail
Picture from: https://www.google.no/
search?q=wadi+mujib+siq+trail&sxsrf=ACYBGN
QyJqehUBCkdG21GRPVZg
RWB
eXyaA:1572516648056&tbm=isch&source=
iu&ictx=1&fir=EgOi8QR8gHo19M%253A%
252CB76BH6q85jjLJM%252C_
&vet=1&usg=AI4_-kRGjPA1T6Zr7_rph7dUM
LAvVIG_Jg&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwifudeBocb
lAhWk-ioKHX50BIgQ9QEwEXoECAgQBg#img
rc=fd0ciI9iTCWjEM:&vet=1

Jordan
Jordan_Kerak_festning
Fra Wadi Muijib kjørte vi tilbake til
hotellet for å skifte og hente bagasjen
vår.
Så fortsatte turen.
Vi skulle først innom Kerak,
før vi fortsatte mot Petra.

Kerak Castle
 Jordan_Kerak_festning
Kerak Festning.
De lille huset med skiltet main gate, er huset med sikkerhetskontrollen.


 Jordan_Kerak_festning

 Jordan_Kerak_festning
Whether you approach Karak from the ancient Kings Highway to the east or from
the Dead Sea to the west, the striking silhouette of this fortified town and castle
will instantly make you understand why the fates of kings and nations were
decided here for millennia.
An ancient Crusader stronghold, Karak sits 900m above sea level and lies inside
the walls of the old city. The city today is home to around 170,000 people and continues to boast a number of restored 19th century Ottoman buildings,
restaurants, places to stay, and the like. But it is undoubtedly Karak Castle
that dominates.
The town is built on a triangular plateau, with the castle at its narrow southern
tip. The castle is some 220m long, 125m wide at the north end, and 40m wide at
the southern end where a narrow valley deepened by a ditch separates it from
the adjoining and much higher hill – once Saladin's favourite artillery position.

Throughout the castle, dark and roughly-shaped Crusader masonry is easy to
discern from the finely-crafted blocks of lighter and softer limestone used in
later Arab work.
Centuries later, it took the Crusaders some twenty years to erect
their vast castle. Once finished in 1161, it became the residence of the lord
of Transjordan, by then the most important fief of the Crusader kingdom, rich
in produce and tax revenues. After withstanding several sieges in the early
1170s,
Karak came under the rule of Reynald of Chatillon, a lord who became known
for his recklessness and barbarism. Breaking all treaties, he began looting
merchant caravans and Mecca-bound pilgrims, attacked the very homeland of
Islam – the Hijaz – and raided Arabian ports on the Red Sea, even threatening
Mecca itself.
Saladin, the ruler of Syria and Egypt, reacted swiftly. He took the town of
Karak by force, burned it down and almost managed to storm the castle as well.
http://na3.visitjordan.com/Wheretogo/Karak.aspx


 Jordan_Kerak_festning

 Jordan_Kerak_festning
Jordan_Kerak_festning
Jordan_Kerak_festning

 Jordan_Kerak_festning
Jordan_Kerak_festning
Jordan_Kerak_festning

 Jordan_Kerak_festning

 Jordan_Kerak_festning

 Jordan_Kerak

 Jordan_Wadi-Musa_
Vi er nesten i Wadi Musa, byen like utenfor Petra.

 Jordan_Wadi-Musa_
Fin solnedgang over Petra-fjellene

 Jordan_Wadi-Musa_

 Jordan_Wadi-Musa_
Mandag 14. oktober 2019

Eventyret Petra
Petra er et av verdens merkeligste steder. En rosenrød by, halvt så gammel
som tiden. Det siste hundreår før Jesu fødsel var dette en by med flere
titusener innbyggere. Deres teater rommet 8000 mennesker. Nabateer-folket kontrollerte den gang karavaneveier og handel i området, og fra den tiden
stammer mesteparten av Petras praktfulle graver, som ble hugget inn i de
røde klippene.


Den eneste måten å ta seg inn i Petra på, er til fots eller med hest og vogn
gjennom en 200 meter dyp og knapt to kilometer lang kløft. Denne kløften
har med sine stupbratte vegger bevoktet og ofte reddet byens innbyggere
fra fiendtlige tokt. Petra er en hel by hugget inn i massive sandstensklipper
for mer enn 2000 år siden.
Arkeologiske funn viser at man allerede 7000 år før Kristus drev jordbruk
i området, men det var i løpet av de siste århundrene før Kristus at Petra
hadde sin blomstringstid. Fra den tiden stammer mesteparten av Petras
praktfulle gravgrotter, bosteder og palasser som ble hugget ut i de
rosenrøde klippeveggene. Står naturligvis på UNESCOs verdensarvliste.
Petra er utrolig, må oppleves!  Vi gir oss god tid til å oppleve Petra.
(Fra reiseprogrammet)

 Jordan_Wadi_Musa
En fin morgen med fullmåne.
Klokka er 0630 og vi er klare til å kjøre de siste 10 minuttene inn til Petra.



 Jordan_Wadi_Musa
Solhatten er på plass, selv om sola ikke har stått opp så tidlig på dagen.

 Jordan_Petra
Først litt orientering om byen Petra.

 Jordan_Petra

 Jordan_Petra
Så begynner vandringen. Det er ca 2 km å gå fra inngangen og inn til byen.
Det første stykket er det ganske åpent landskap.

 Jordan_Petra
Djinn Blocks
Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra

Etter en stund kommer man inn i
kløfta som fører inn til Petra.



 Jordan_Petra
Djinn Blocks
Throughout Petra you will see several freestanding cube-shaped
monuments, which are known as djinn blocks. "Djinn" is the name
for a type of spirit that features in Arab folklore; the name was
adopted for these blocks as Petras Bedouin occupants believed
these monuments were dwellings of djinn, which were thought to
inhabit the area. Todayit is generally agreed that these monuments
served as tombs and memorials to the dead. In Bab el-Siq you can
see three djinn blocks, and there are a total of 25 in Petra. If you look
around the djinn blocks you will see a number af tombs and caves.
Some of these tombs would have been for the poorer classes and are
the earleist tombs carved in Petra.
(end of 2nd to beginning of 1st centuray B.C.).

 Jordan_Petra

The Dam

It was renovated by the government in 1964 in the same way originally built by the Nabataens. This dam was built to protect their capital from floods that arrived
during the seasonal rain from the mountains and hills across the valley.

The dam protected the city of Petra by redirecting the flood waters into a tunnel, which was later titled the ‘Dark Tunnel’. Proving to be successful, the dam thus represented the Natabataean’s skillful and modern infrastructure. During the excavation, it was found that the original name of the old city was Raqeem.
However, upon their arrival, the Greeks renamed the city ‘Petra,’ meaning the rock.
https://www.visitpetra.jo/DetailsPage/VisitPetra/LocationsInPetraDetailsEn.aspx?PID=4


 Jordan_Petra


You will then (after the Djinn Blocks) come across the Obelisk Tomb, which
was carved by the Nabataeans in the 1st century AD. Above the tomb are four
pyramids (‘nafesh’) as well as a niche with a statue in bas-relief that is a
symbolic representation of the five people buried there. Below it is the
Triclinium, which was a banqueting hall. In the opposing cliff face there is a
double inscription in Nabataean and Greek that refers to a burial monument.

 An inscription written by “Abdomanchos”, indicates that the tomb was to be
used for himself and his family, probably in the reign of Malichus II (40- 70 AD).
https://www.visitpetra.jo/DetailsPage/VisitPetra/LocationsInPetraDetailsEn.aspx?PID=3
Jordan_Petra


Det går vannkanaler i fjellsidene.
Noen steder er det laget kummer.
Sand og småstein blir liggende der,
og det rene vannet renner videre.


Jordan_Petra

Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra


På denne linja er det to bilder av
den samme stenen.
Fra den ene siden ser den ut som
en fisk (litt dårlig bilde, det ligner
mer i virkeligheten) og fra den
andre siden er det to elefanter.

Jordan_Petra









Under:
En mann og fire kamelføtter.
Hvor er resten av kamelen?


 Jordan_Petra

 Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra Jordan_Petra

Vielse etter skikken i Petra.
Det er guiden vår Ramie som "vier" et av parene i gruppa vår.

Jordan_Petra
Her får vi det første glimtet av Skattkammeret.
Jordan_Petra
Grete foran Skattkammeret.


 Jordan_Petra
Her kommer kløfta ut i byen Petra, akkurat ved skattkammeret.


 Jordan_Petra

 Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra

Denne kløfta går videre inn i byen Petra.

 Jordan_Petra
The Treasury, or "Al Khazna" in Arabic, is the most spectacular monument
carved by the Nabataeans. It stands an imposing 39,5 m high and is impressively
carved out of a single block. The monuments name comes from a local Bedouin
legend that pharaoh hid a treasury in the urn at the top, and you can see bullet
holes from shooting at the urn yo try to retrieve this treasure. In reality it is a
mausoleum and would have been used for funerary purposes; many
archaeologists believe it is the mausoleum of king Aretas (9 BC - 40 AD),
The Nabataeans decorated the facades of their tombs with funerary designs
and symbols related to the afterlife and death. The facade of the treasury reveals
a Hellenistic influence, with six Corinthian capitals topped by a frieze of winged
griffins and vases among scrolls. In the center of the facade is the goddes Isis,
and she is surrounded by dancing Amazons (female warriors) with axes over
their heads. At the top of the steps just before you enter the chamber, there are
circular holes in the floor which were most probably used for sacrifices.
Priests would enter the chamber and conduct their rituals.
In 2004 three Nabataeans tombs were uncovered below the Khazna, which date
to the end of the first century BC and have been identified as royal tombs.


 Jordan_Petra
Her åpner byen seg

 Jordan_Petra

 Jordan_Petra

 Jordan_Petra

 Jordan_Petra
Vi tar en annen vei enn de fleste andre turistene.
En gruppe italienere har også funnet denne veien,
men Ramie mente vi bare skulle få følge med dem et lite stykke.
Petra var hjembyen hans, så her var han kjent.
Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra


 Jordan_Petra
Petra teater

Carved into the side of the mountain at the foot of the High Place of Sacrifice, the theatre consists of three rows of seats separated by passageways. Seven stairways ascend the auditorium and it can accommodate 4000 spectators. the monument
was carved in the the mountainside during the reign of King Aretas IV (4BC-AD27)
the Romans rebuilt the stage back wall.

https://www.visitpetra.jo/DetailsPage/VisitPetra/LocationsInPetraDetailsEn.aspx?PID=8



 Jordan_Petra

Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra


 Jordan_Petra

 Jordan_Petra

 Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra
The Royal Tomb of  Malchus / Urn Tomb
Jordan_Petra

The most distinctive of the Royal Tombs is the Urn Tomb, recognisable
by the enormous urn on top of the pediment. It was built in about
AD 70 for King Malichos II (AD 40–70) or Aretas IV (8 BC–AD 40).
The naturally patterned interior of the Urn Tomb measures
a vast 18m by 20m.
Part of what makes the Urn Tomb such a grand structure is the
flanking Doric portico cut into the rock face on the left of the tomb,
and the huge open terrace in front of it – a feature that encouraged its
use, according to a Greek inscription inside the tomb, as a cathedral in
AD 447. The double layer of vaults was added at a later date by the
Byzantines. Look towards the top of the building and you’ll see three
inaccessible openings carved between the pillars. These are also tombs,
the central one of which still has the closing stone intact, depicting the
king dressed in a toga.

https://www.lonelyplanet.com/jordan/attractions/urn-tomb/a/poi-sig/1501794/361067

 Jordan_Petra
The “Great” Temple Complex represents one of the major archaeological
and architectural components of central Petra. Since 1993 archaeologist
from Brown University have been Excavating this temple precinct.
These investigations are conducted under the auspices of the department
of Antiquates of Jordan .

The great temple precinct which you see before the majors estimated 7.000m2
( 76.000 sq. ft) and this comprised north south of Propylaea monumental
entryway ( a lower temenos ) sacred area : twin exedra ( semi-circular
structures ) flanked by broad stairways: and an upper temenos – the sacred
enclosure for the temple itself.
In the lower temenos are triple colonnades on the east and west. Here, large
limestone hexagonal pavers were positioned above an extensive water
canalization system.

With its red-and-white-succeed exterior, the ` Great ` temple must have had a
dramatic impact when set against its rose-red environment. The temple is
tetrastyle in antis (four large frontal columns) with solid outer walls, typical
of Nabataean architecture, as is seen on the Qasr El.BINT farther to the
west. Approximately 15 meters ( 45 ft) in height, the columns plus the
entablature they carried, would place the temple`s height at a minimum of
18 meters ( 57 ft).
The ` great `Temple measures 28 meters ( 84 ft) east –west, and is 40 meters
( 120 ft). in Length.

The style and quality of the Temple`s elaborate floral friezes and
acanthus-laden limestone capitals suggest that the sanctuary was constructed
by the end of the first century BCE by the Nabataean , who combined their
native traditions with the classical spirit. The ` Great ` Temple was in use until
some point in the late Byzantine Period.
https://www.visitpetra.jo/DetailsPage/VisitPetra/LocationsInPetraDetailsEn.aspx?PID=17


 Jordan_Petra

The Petra Church seems to have first been built over Nabataean and Roman
remains around 450 AD. It may have been a major 5th- and 6th-century
cathedral, which is intriguing given the other evidence of Petra's decline
after a 363 AD earthquake.


 Jordan_Petra
Each of the side aisles of Petra Church is paved with 70 square meters
of remarkably preserved mosaics, whose subjects include a variety of
animals (local, exotic and mythological) and personifications of the
Seasons, Ocean, Earth and Wisdom. Also surviving are significant
remains of the nave's pavement, with marble and stone geometric designs.

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/jordan/petra-church

Jordan_Petra
In 1964, GIC introduced
Petra, the oldest local
brew of Jordan.
It is available in 3 different
varieties—Lager, Weizen
and Amber—and is brewed
in Zarqa.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beer_in_Jordan


 Jordan_Petra
Vi begynner på de 800 trappetrinna opp til Klosteret.

 Jordan_Petra
En nedrast steinblokk lager en tunnel.

 Jordan_Petra
Mange muligheter til å kjøpe souvenirer eller drikke på veien opp.

 Jordan_Petra

 Jordan_Petra
The Monastery can be reached by ascending a nearly 800 step path
(40 minute walking time) from the Basin. The Wadi Kharrubeh, the
Lion's tomb, and small biclinia and grottos can be seen en-route to
the Monastery.

From the Monastery, one can view the stunning valleys of
Wadi Araba and the gorges along with the semi-arid
territory immediately around Petra.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ad_Deir

 Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra

Det var godt å sette seg ned i
skyggen med noe kaldt å drikke.
800 trappetrinn i 35
varmegrader er slitsomt
.

Ad Deir ("The Monastery"; Arabic: الدير ), also known as El Deir, is a
monumental building carved out of rock in the ancient Jordanian city
of Petra.

Arguably one of the most iconic monuments in the Petra Archaeological Park,
the Monastery (ad-Dayr) is located high in the hills northwest of the Petra
city center.
It is the second most commonly visited monument in Petra, after the Treasury.

The rock-cut facade of the Monastery is 45 meters high and 50 meters wide.
The structure was first constructed in 3 BCE as a monumental Nabataean tomb.

An inscription that was found on one of the walls while the monument
was being cleaned in 1991, read "the symposium of Obodas, the god".
This inscription indicates that the building may originally have been
dedicated to the Nabataean king, Obodas I, who was likely deified
posthumously.

The tomb has several incised crosses carved into the wall, which may
indicate that the structure was reused as a church during the Byzantine
period.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ad_Deir

 Jordan_Petra

 Jordan_Petra
Vi var kommet til Klosteret, som var målet for trappegåinga.
Men ved Klosteret var det en liten fjelltopp og den måtte jo bestiges.

 Jordan_Petra
Fin utsikt mot Klosteret her oppe fra.

 Jordan_Petra


 Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra
Jordan_Petra
"The best view in the world"
er kanskje noe overdrevet,
men utsikten var fin den.



 Jordan_Petra
Så var det like mange trinn ned igjen til byen. Skitsomt for dårlige knær.

 Jordan_Petra

 Jordan_Petra
Palace Tomb
Located to the north of the Corinthian tomb, the Palace Tomb
measures 49 meters in width and 46 meters in height. 

Jordan_Petra

Palace Tomb
The lower part consists of 12
decorated columns and four gates.
Above the threshold lie 18 pillars.  
The four gates of the cemetery lead
to four rooms for burial, with some
graves carved in the walls. This
name was given to the cemetery as
it resembles a palace
https://www.visitpetra.jo/DetailsPage/
VisitPetra/LocationsInPetraDetailsEn.
aspx?PID=13

Jordan_Petra
Samme vei tilbake.
Vi dro fra hotellet kl 0630 og skulle
møtes ved bussen igjen kl 1700, så
vi fikk mange timer i Petra. Guide
Ramie og skritt-teller er enige om at
vi gikk 16 km denne dagen.


Tirsdag 15. oktober 2019

Tilbake til ørkenveien, hårnålsvinger ned en forkastning, og så er vi snart
inne i Wadi Rum, et av verdens mest fascinerende landskaper, helt og
holdent naturskapt, kanskje verdens vakreste ørken!
Steinformasjoner og sand i alle regnbuens farger. Her kjører vi i gjennom
ørkenen i Lawrence of Arabias land.  Her lekte han katt og mus med tyrkerne,
og herfra foretok han sine raid. Vi har beduiner som vertskap, og de tar oss
med firehjulsdrevne biler, med god fjæring, et par timer ut i
drømmelandskapene, som står på UNESCOs verdensarvliste.

Ved foten av røde sandfjell ligger Jordans eneste havneby, Aqaba. Hit kom
Moses etter flukten fra Egypr. Her holdt kong Salomos flåte til, og her hentet
han gull fra eventyrlandet Ofir. I Aqaba steg dronningen av Saba i land når
hun skulle besøke kong Salomo. I korsfarertiden under ridder Reinold,
"Ulven fra Kerak", het byen Aila. Han lot reise en borg på faraoenes koralløy
Geziret Firuna, døpte den til Ile de Graye og holdt hoff der.
(fra reiseprogrammet)

Tetre Tree hotel
i Wadi Musa sentrum,
ikke langt fra
inngangen til Petra.
Jordan_Wadi-Musa_Tetra-Tree-hotel


 Jordan_Adi-Musa-fjellene

 Jordan_Desert_Castle_Bazaar
Jordan_Desert_Castle_Bazaar
Jordan
Wadi Rum

The Seven Pillars of Wisdom is a stunningly shaped mountain opposite of the Wadi Rum visitor centre. If you look carefully, you will see that there are only six pillars.
In fact, the mountain is named after the famous book of T.E. Lawrence back in the 1980’s. Before, it was known as Jabal Al-Mazmar. We still refer to it by its original name. Some believe Lawrence named his book after seeing the mountain in combination with a verse in the Bible that says ‘Wisdom has build her house, she
hath hewn out her seven pillars’.

http://desertmelody.com/seven-pillars-of-wisdom-jabal-al-mazmar/

Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Jordan_Wadi_Rum


 Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Wadi Rum is a protected area covering 720 square kilometers of dramatic
desert wilderness in the south of Jordan. Huge mountains of sandstone and
granite emerge, sheer-sided, from wide sandy valleys to reach heights of
1700 meters and more. Narrow canyons and fissures cut deep into the
mountains and many conceal ancient rock drawings etched by the peoples
of the desert over millennia. Bedouin tribes still live among the mountains
of Rum and their large goat-hair tents are a special feature of the landscape.
There are many ways to enjoy the attractions of Rum, including jeep, camel
and hiking tours and you can stay overnight in a Bedouin tent and gaze at
the amazing panoply of stars.



 Jordan_Wadi_Rum
To safeguard its unique desert landscape, Wadi Rum was declared a protected
area in1998 and an intensive conservation programme is now underway.
http://wadirum.jo/about-wadi-rum/

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum
 

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Jordan_Wadi_Rum
The petroglyphs and inscriptions illustrate the 12.000 years of human occupation
in Wadi Rum desert. They tell us stories about the history and evolution of human activity in the Arabian Peninsula. With 25,000 petroglyphs and 20,000 inscriptions, mostly Thamudic, Wadi Rum desert is a truly unique place on earth. This was one
of the reasons for UNESCO to put our desert on the World Heritage List.

The petroglyphs are drawings of humans and animals. They show human figures holding bows and arrows. Other figures are the ones of animals like camel, ibex
and horse. And alongside these figures are symbols like lines and circles.

Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Jordan_Wadi_Rum
They are thought to be instructions and message left by the people
for one another.
They are believed to be about showing hidden springs. And about updating
each other on things like who visited the area last. All together these
engravings give an insight on the development of human thought.
They show pattern of pastoral, agricultural and urban human activity.
And they tell us more about the climatically change. From the mildly
humid climate to the semi-arid climate we have today.
https://www.wadirumnomads.com/the-petroglyphs-and-inscriptions-of-wadi-rum/

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Jordan_Wadi_Rum


 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Over:
Kong Abdullah



 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Space Village
Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Star Wars Rogue One, the first installment of the Star Wars Anthology
series, saw filming take place in Wadi Rum, Jordan. The lunar sandstone
formations in shocking shades of burnished red, alongside flat expanses
of tangerine sand, are beguiling, and were considered a suitable stand-in
for Planet Jedha.
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/arts-and-culture/best-star-wars-filming-locations/wadi-rum/  

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Lunsh i Space Village

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum
Wadi Rum Station
 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

 Jordan_Wadi_Rum

Uværet kommer!!

Sandstorm i Wadi Rum.
Det begynte like etter vi hadde
satt oss i bussen for å kjøre videre mot Aqaba.
Aqaba
Jordan_Akaba
På marked i Aqaba

Jordan_Akaba
Jordan_Akaba
Solnedgang i  Aqaba
Onsdag 16. oktober 2019

Dagen fri til disposisjon. Hotellet har strand og svømmebasseng. Utenfor havegjerdet ligger byen med levninger av tidligere bosetninger, butikker,
kafeer og en liten basar. Aqaba er ganske hyggelig!  Muligheter for en båttur
til egyptisk side om politiske forhold tillater det, eller en tur i båt med
glassbunn for å nyte solen og havbrisen og kikke etter mulig fisk. Ikke
allverdens liv i havet lenger, Aqaba er en havneby og industriby, på god
avstand fra strendene, ingen fare, og det er Eilat, vegg i vegg også.
(fra reiseprogrammet)


Jordan_Akaba
Jordan_Akaba
Krydder til tørk på fortauet.

 Jordan_Akaba

 Jordan_Akaba

Aqaba
 (English: /ˈækəbə/, also US: /ˈɑːk-/; Arabic: العقبة‎, romanized:
al-ʿAqaba, al-ʿAgaba, pronounced [æl ˈʕæqaba, alˈʕagaba]) is the only
coastal city in Jordan and the largest and most populous city on the Gulf of
Aqaba. Situated in southernmost Jordan, Aqaba is the administrative centre
of the Aqaba Governorate. The city had a population of 148,398 in 2015 and
a land area of 375 square kilometres (144.8 sq mi). Today, Aqaba plays a major
role in the development of the Jordanian economy, through the vibrant trade
and tourism sectors. The Port of Aqaba also serves other countries in the region.
Aqaba's strategic location at the northeastern tip of the Red Sea between the continents of Asia and Africa, has made its port important over the course of thousands of years.
The ancient city was called Elath, adopted in Latin as Aela and in Arabic as Ayla.
Its strategic location and proximity to copper mines made it a regional hub for
copper production and trade in the Chalcolithic period.

Aela became a bishopric under Byzantine rule and later became a Latin Catholic
titular see after Islamic conquest around AD 650, when it became known as Ayla;
the name Aqaba is late medieval. The Great Arab Revolt's Battle of Aqaba,
depicted in the film Lawrence of Arabia, resulted in victory for Arab forces
over the Ottoman defenders.

Aqaba's location next to Wadi Rum and Petra has placed it in Jordan's golden
triangle of tourism, which strengthened the city's location on the world map
and made it one of the major tourist attractions in Jordan.
The city is administered by the Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority, which
has turned Aqaba into a low-tax, duty-free city, attracting several mega
projects like Ayla Oasis, Saraya Aqaba, Marsa Zayed and expansion of the Port
of Aqaba. They are expected to turn the city into a major tourism hub in the
region. However, industrial and commercial activities remain important, due
to the strategic location of the city as the country's only seaport.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aqaba

 Jordan_Akaba
Den offentlige stranda i Aqaba

 Jordan_Akaba
The Red Sea (Arabic: البحر الأحمر) is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia. The connection to the ocean is in the south through the Bab el Mandeb strait and the Gulf of Aden. To the north lie the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez (leading to the Suez Canal). The Red Sea is a Global 200 ecoregion. The sea is underlain by the Red Sea Rift which is part of the Great Rift Valley.
The Red Sea has a surface area of roughly 438,000 km2 (169,100 mi2),  is about 2250 km (1398 mi) long and, at its widest point, 355 km (220.6 mi) wide. It has a maximum depth of 3,040 m (9,970 ft) in the central Suakin Trough, and an average depth of 490 m (1,608 ft). However, there are also extensive shallow shelves, noted for their marine life and corals. The sea is the habitat of over 1,000 invertebrate species, and 200 soft and hard corals. It is the world's northernmost tropical sea.


The earliest known exploration of the Red Sea was conducted by ancient
Egyptians, as they attempted to establish commercial routes to Punt. One
such expedition took place around 2500 BCE, and another around
1500 BCE (by Hatshepsut). Both involved long voyages down the Red Sea.
The biblical Book of Exodus tells the account of the Israelites' crossing of a
body of water, which the Hebrew text calls Yam Suph (Hebrew: יַם סוּף).
Yam Suph was traditionally identified as the Red Sea. Rabbi Saadia Gaon
(882‒942), in his Judeo-Arabic translation of the Pentateuch, identifies the
crossing place of the Red Sea as Baḥar al-Qulzum, meaning the Gulf of Suez.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Sea

 Jordan_Akaba

 Jordan_Akaba
Hotel Mövenpick

  Jordan_Akaba

 Jordan_Akaba

 Jordan_Akaba

 Jordan_Akaba
Det er uvær over Egypt og Israel.
Vi fikk bare noen få dråper regn.

Jordan_Akaba
Et vikingskip er
ankommet Akababukta

Jordan_Akaba
Karl Martin slapper av på den fine stranda til hotell Møwenpick.
Lengde på stranda er 132 m
Jordan_Akaba
Jordan_Akaba




Torsdag 17. oktober 2019

Dagen til disposisjon.
Vi avslutter med middag på en
"orientalsk sjømatrestaurant",
og har rommene til midnatt.


Vi brukte første del av dagen til en bytur og
en ny tur til den offentlige stranda.

Ettermiddagen var vi på stranda til hotellet.
(fra reiseprogrammet)


 Jordan_Akaba
Den utendørs delen av spisesalen på hotellet.
 Jordan_Akaba

 Jordan_Akaba
En park i Aqaba

 Jordan_Akaba
En av basargatene
Jordan_Akaba
Jordan_Akaba

Over litt av basaren

Til venstre: Grete med undulater



 Jordan_Akaba

 Jordan_Akaba
Jordan_Akaba
Jordan_Akaba

Cola og brus på en strandrestaurant


 Jordan_Akaba
Trim på stranda

 Jordan_Akaba

 Jordan_Akaba
Exodus 14, 8 - 31
And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued
the children of Israel; and the children of Israel went out with boldness.
9 So the Egyptians pursued them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh,
his horsemen and his army, and overtook them camping by the sea beside
Pi Hahiroth, before Baal Zephon.
10 And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Israel lifted their eyes, and
behold, the Egyptians marched after them. So they were very afraid, and the
children of Israel cried out to the Lord. 11 Then they said to Moses, “Because
there were no graves in Egypt, have you taken us away to die in the
wilderness? Why have you so dealt with us, to bring us up out of Egypt?
12 Is this not the word that we told you in Egypt, saying, ‘Let us alone that
we may serve the Egyptians’? For it would have been better for us to serve
the Egyptians than that we should die in the wilderness.”
13 And Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand still, and see the salvation[b] of the Lord, which He will accomplish for you today. For the
Egyptians whom you see today, you shall see again no more forever. 14 The
Lord will fight for you, and you shall hold[c] your peace.”
15 And the Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry to Me? Tell the children of
Israel to go forward. 16 But lift up your rod, and stretch out your hand over
the sea and divide it. And the children of Israel shall go on dry ground
through the midst of the sea. 17 And I indeed will harden the hearts of the
Egyptians, and they shall follow them. So I will gain honor over Pharaoh
and over all his army, his chariots, and his horsemen. 18 Then the
Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I have gained honor for
Myself over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”
19 And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and
went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood
behind them. 


20 So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel. Thus it
was a cloud and darkness to the one, and it gave light by night to the other, so
that the one did not come near the other all that night.
21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the Lord caused the sea
to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry land,
and the waters were divided. 22 So the children of Israel went into the midst of
the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right
hand and on their left. 23 And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into
the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

24 Now it came to pass, in the morning watch, that the Lord looked down upon
 the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud, and He [d]troubled
the army of the Egyptians. 25 And He [e]took off their chariot wheels, so that they
drove them with difficulty; and the Egyptians said, “Let us flee from the face of
Israel, for the Lord fights for them against the Egyptians.”

26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that
the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on
their horsemen.” 27 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and when
the morning appeared, the sea returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians
were fleeing into it. So the Lord overthrew[f] the Egyptians in the midst of the
sea.
28 Then the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and
all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as
one of them remained. 29 But the children of Israel had walked on dry land
in the midst of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them on their right
hand and on their left.

30 So the Lord saved[g] Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and
Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 Thus Israel saw the great [h]
work which the Lord had done in Egypt; so the people feared the Lord, and
believed the Lord and His servant Moses.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+14&version=NKJV
Fredag 18. oktober 2019

Kort innen midnatt bryter vi opp, blir kjørt til lufthavnen for å sjekke
inn på Turkish nattfly til Istanbul.
Flybytte før siste etappe til Oslo, der vi ankommer på formiddagen.
(fra reiseprogrammet)

Grete Emblemsvåg

tilbake til 1. side