Busstur til Jugoslavia 1969

(Det som var Jugoslavia i 1969)

Reisen gikk fra København, Danmark  gjennom Tyskland, Østerrike, Italia.

tilbake til 1. side

Grete Emblemsvåg


Siden er opprettet 1. juni 2017

19. juni 1969?
 Danskeferga_Prinsesse-Margrethe


M/S PRINSESSE MARGRETHE.

Byggd 1968 av Cantieri Navali del Torrino e Riuniti S.P.A.
Riva Trigoso Genua.

Knop. 21,0.

Passagerare. 952.

Efter ombyggnad. 1100.

Hyttplatser. 506.

Efter ombyggnad. 698.

Bilar. 100.

Efter ombyggnad. 121.

http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/prinsesse_margrethe_1968.htm

20. juni 1969?
 Jugoslaviatur_Copenhagen_Stroget
Jan Erik på Strøget i København

Københavns største indkøbsområde er centreret omkring
Strøget i hjertet af byen. Strøget er et Europas længste
gågader med et væld af butikker, fra budgetvenlige kæder
til nogle af verdens dyreste mærkevarebutikker. 


Strækningen er 1,1 kilometer lang og går fra Rådhuspladsen
til Kongens Nytorv. Strøget er et kælenavn fra 1800-tallet og
dækker over gaderne Frederiksberggade, Nygade,
Vimmelskaftet og Østergade samt torvene Nytorv,
Gammeltorv og Amagertorv. 
http://www.visitcopenhagen.dk/da/copenhagen/stroeget-gdk414471



 Jugoslaviatur_Copenhagenn_Tivoli

Tivoli Gardens amusement park in Copenhagen is a
must for all visitors to the city, young and old.
Tivoli is located just a few minutes walk from City Hall,
and with the Copenhagen Central Station as its nearest
neighbour it is very easy to get to.

Tivoli Gardens was founded in 1843 and has become
a national treasure and an international attraction.
Fairy tale writer Hans Christian Andersen visited many
times, as did Walt Disney and many other celebrities,
who all fell in love with the gardens.
http://www.visitcopenhagen.com/copenhagen/tivoli-gardens-gdk424504


 Jugoslaviatur_Copenhagenn_Tivoli
Spøkelsestog
20. juni 1969?
 Jugoslaviatur_Copenhagen
22. juni 1969
 Jugoslaviatur_Tyskland_Kassel
Rasthaus Kassel

 Jugoslaviatur_Tyskland_Hammelburg_hotel-Post
Overnatting hotel Post
Usikker på hvor

 Jugoslaviatur_Austria_Kufstein
Kufstein is a town in the Austrian state of Tyrol, the administrative
seat of Kufstein District. With a population of about 18,400, it is
the second largest Tyrolean town after the state capital Innsbruck.
The greatest landmark is Kufstein Fortress, first mentioned in the
13th century.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kufstein


 Jugoslaviatur_Italia_Venezia
Rialtobroa

 Jugoslaviatur_Italia_Venezia
Rialtobroa

The present stone bridge, a single span designed by
Antonio da Ponte, was finally completed in 1591.
It is similar to the wooden bridge it succeeded.
Two inclined ramps lead up to a central portico.
On either side of the portico, the covered ramps
carry rows of shops. The engineering of the bridge
was considered so audacious that architect Vincenzo Scamozzi predicted future ruin. The bridge has
defied its critics to become one of the architectural
icons of Venice. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rialto_Bridge
Venezia, by i Italia, hovedstad i regionen Veneto og provinsen Venezia.
261 728 innbyggere (2017).


Byen har over 40 km kanaler, mest kjent er Canal Grande, som slynger
seg gjennom byen i store, slake svinger, kranset av mange kirker og
mer enn 200 palasser. De øvrige kanalene, 180 i alt, er langt smalere,
ofte bare 2–3 m brede. Mer enn 400 broer binder byen sammen.
En 3,6 km lang vei- og jernbanebro forbinder Porto Marghera på
fastlandet og det egentlige Venezia, som er bygd på 117 øyer i
Laguna Veneta. En betydelig del av både person- og varetransport
foregår på kanalene. Årlig karneval.

Venezia har sitt navn etter den lite kjente stamme veneterne,
som i tidlig oldtid bodde ved Pos munning.
  https://snl.no/Venezia

 Jugoslaviatur_Italia_Venezia
Sukkenes bro
The enclosed bridge is made of white limestone, has windows with
stone bars, and passes over the Rio di Palazzo and connects the
New Prison (Prigioni Nuove) to the interrogation rooms in the
Doge's Palace. It was designed by Antonio Contino (whose uncle
Antonio da Ponte had designed the Rialto Bridge) and was
built in 1600.

The view from the Bridge of Sighs was the last view of Venice that
convicts saw before their imprisonment. The bridge's name, given
by Lord Byron as a translation from the Italian "Ponte dei sospiri"
in the 19th century[citation needed], comes from the suggestion
that prisoners would sigh at their final view of beautiful Venice
through the window before being taken down to their cells.
In reality, the days of inquisitions and summary executions were
over by the time the bridge was built[citation needed], and the cells
under the palace roof were occupied mostly by small-time criminals
[citation needed]. In addition, little could be seen from inside the
bridge due to the stone grills covering the windows. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bridge_of_Sighs



 Jugoslaviatur_Italia_Venezia
Dogepalasset

A masterpiece of Gothic architecture, the Doge’s Palace is
an impressive structure composed of layers of building
elements and ornamentation, from its 14th and 15th century
original foundations to the significant Renaissance and opulent
Mannerist adjunctions. The structure is made up of three large
blocks, incorporating previous constructions.
The wing towards the St. Mark’s Basin is the oldest,
rebuilt from 1340 onwards.
The wing towards St. Mark’s Square was built in its present
form from 1424 onwards. The canal-side wing, housing the
Doge’s apartments and many government offices,
dates from the Renaissance and was built
between 1483 and 1565.

http://palazzoducale.visitmuve.it/en/the-museum/doges-palace/the-palace/

 Jugoslaviatur_Italia_Venezia
Marcuskirken og Marcusplassen




Relikviene etter evangelisten Markus ble brakt til Venezia fra
Alexandria 828. Kirken ble grunnlagt 1063 for å gi plass til
skrinet som rommet relikviene. To tidligere kirker på samme
sted er bygd inn i kirken, som stod ferdig 1094.
Den er en korskirke med kupler over korsmidten og samtlige
korsarmer. Utformingen er sterkt preget av Venezias
forbindelser med det bysantinske riket. Bl.a. var Apostelkirken
i Konstantinopel bygd etter samme skjema. Det er antatt at
både arkitekt og håndverkere har kommet fra Bysants.


 Jugoslaviatur_Italia_Venezia
Marcuskirken sett fra Klokketårnet

Selve kirkebygningen fikk liten innflytelse på den videre
utvikling i italiensk arkitektur. Større innflytelse fikk de b
ysantinske mosaikker som preger kirkens interiør.

Videre arbeider med kirken strakte seg frem til barokken,
noe som gjør det vanskelig å karakterisere dens stilpreg.
Ikke minst skyldes formingen av kirkens fasade mot
Markusplassen at den også blir regnet som et hovedverk
i italiensk gotikk. https://snl.no/Markuskirken

 Jugoslaviatur_Italia_Venezia

Klokketårnet

Mauro Codussi tegnet klokketårnet øverst mot kirken som sto ferdig i 1499. Øverst ser vi to maurere som slår på en kjempeklokke. Under der er Marcusløven på bakgrunn av blått og stjerner. Under der sitter Maria med barnet på en liten balkong, over et astronomisk ur. Og aller nederst finner vi porten som fører til Rialto. https://www.nrk.no/kultur/marcusplassen-i-venezia-1.3715252



 Jugoslaviatur_Italia_Venezia

Venice Lido (Lido di Venezia) is an island, usually just referred
to as 'the Lido'. It is the narrow strip of land which separates
the central part of the Venetian lagoon from the Adriatic Sea.
Once just a natural barrier, the Lido is now Venice's seaside.
It's also the origin of the word 'lido' as used in the
English-speaking world to describe bathing establishments.
It was developed as a seaside resort at the beginning of the
twentieth century, and has been popular for beach holidays
ever since.
http://www.italyheaven.co.uk/veneto/venice/lido.html

 Jugoslaviatur_Italia_Venezia

Loppemarked i Venezia

Jugoslaviatur_Italia_Venezia_La-Grotta
Jugoslaviatur_Venezia_La_Grotta

Middag på restauranten "la Grotta" i Venezia.

Neste dagen fortsatte vi over til Jugoslavia.
Det het fortsatt det i 1969.

Etter Titos død i 1980 økte de etniske spenningene innenfor
Jugoslavias grenser. Problemene mellom republikkene kom
fram til overflaten etter å ha blitt undertrykt av Tito i mange år.
Den nye grunnloven fra 1974 skapte mer kaos enn orden med
tanke på avgjørelser som skulle tas, og konfliktene mellom
republikkene ble uforsonlige. Ikke en eneste avgjørelse som
kunne lettet på problemene ble tatt. Den konstitusjonelle krisen
som ubønnhørlig fulgte var til fordel for Slovenia og Kroatia og
deres sterkere krav om løsere bånd innen føderasjonen.
Den økonomiske krisen som oppstod på samme tid forverret
situasjonen.  https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jugoslavia

 Kroatia_Opatija_hotel
Jan Erik og Grete utenfor Hotel Imperial
Kroatia_Opatija_hotel-Imperial
Middag på Imperial
Kroatia_Opatija
27. juni 1969

Smart Selection Hotel Imperial Opatija embodies the city's early
days as a tourist destination. Built in 1885, this historic Croatian
property was originally named after Stephanie, a Belgian princess
by birth who later became Crown Princess of Austria.
As the second hotel built on the Adriatic Sea, the Imperial is
constructed in Art Nouveau architectural style of the Secession period.
Its beauty has stood the test of time. http://www.remisens.com/en/hotel-imperial

 Kroatia_Opatija

 Kroatia_Opatija
Opatija (pronounced [ɔpǎtija]; German: Sankt Jakobi; Italian: Abbazia; Hungarian: Abbázia) is a town in
western Croatia, just southwest of Rijeka on the Adriatic coast.
As of 2011, the town had 11,659 inhabitants in total, of which
6,657 lived in the urban settlement. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opatija


 Kroatia_Rijeka
Croatia’s third-largest city, Rijeka is a bustling blend of
gritty 20th-century port and Italianate Habsburg grandeur.
Most people speed through en route to the islands or
Dalmatia, but those who pause will discover charm,
culture, good nightlife, intriguing festivals and Croatia’s
most colourful carnival. http://www.lonelyplanet.com/croatia/gulf-of-
kvarner/rijeka/introduction


 Kroatia_Rijeka
På besøk hos en kunstmaler i Rijeka
26. juni 1969
 Kroatia_Lovran
Lovran is a town located on the eastern rough slopes of the
Ucka mountain. This is a town with a long and rich past with
a long tourism tradition. It is a typically Mediterranean town
with narrow streets and houses built one next to another.
The town was named after the laurel tree that grows in the
town and its surroundings. Lovran has preserved its historic
core, built according the medievan urban conception.
In the past, the old town was encircled in walls on the foundation
of which houses were gradually built. https://www.adriagate.com/Croatia-en/Lovran

27. juni 1969?
  Slovenia_Postojna-grotta
Utenfor Postojna-grotta
27. juni 1969?
  Slovenia_Postojna-grottaPostojna Cave (Slovene: Postojnska jama; German: Adelsberger Grotte; Italian: Grotte di Postumia) is a 24,340 m long karst cave
system near Postojna, southwestern Slovenia.


27. juni 1969?
 Slovenia_Postojna-grotta
It is the second-longest cave system in the country (following the
Migovec System
) as well as one of its top tourism sites.
The caves were created by the Pivka River.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postojna_Cave
28. juni 1969
    Kroatia_Senj
Senj, Kroatia
28. juni 1969
  Kroatia_Senj
Senj - a tourist resort and port in the Velebit channel.
The town of Senj is located on the edge of a wooded slope at the
foot of the
 Velebit mountain bare rocks, from which a strong wind
called Bura blows in the winter. This region was used to cross
from the inland to the coastal area since ancient times.
https://www.adriagate.com/Croatia-en/Senj

28. juni 1969
 Kroatia_Plitvice_hotel-Bellevue
Hotel Bellevue, Plitvice
28. juni 1969
 Kroatia_Plitvice
The Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia
28. juni 1969
 Kroatia_Plitvice
28. juni 1969
 Kroatia_Plitvice_hoyel-Bellevue
Jan Erik og reiselederen på turen ror en tur på en av
sjøen i Plitvice Nasjonal Park

The Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia’s most popular
tourist attraction, was granted
 UNESCO World Heritage
status in 1979. Located roughly halfway between capital city
 Zagreb and Zadar on the coast, the lakes are a
definite must-see in Croatia. (As confirmed by the many
emails we’ve received!)

The beauty of the National Park lies in its sixteen lakes,
inter-connected by a series of waterfalls, and set in deep
woodland populated by deer, bears, wolves, boars and rare
bird species.  The National Park covers a total area of
300 square kilometres, whilst the lakes join together
over a distance of eight kilometres.
http://www.visit-croatia.co.uk/index.php/croatia-destinations/plitvice-lakes/
Wien

Vienna’s history dates back to the first post-Christian century
when the Romans established the military camp Vindobona.
Today’s cityscape is characterised by the abundance of
baroque buildings created mostly under the rule of Empress
Maria Theresia and Emperor Franz Joseph who was largely responsible for the monumental architecture round the
Ringstraße.  http://www.austria.info/us/where-to-go/cities/vienna



Donau-parken

Austria_Wien_Donauparken

Under the auspices of the 1964
Vienna International Garden
Festival, a generous park area
was created in 1963 and 1964
on an island between the
Danube and the Old Danube,
between the centre of Vienna
and the districts of Floridsdorf and
 Donaustadt.
The object of the exercise was to gradually clean up the existing
site: a rubbish dump, a former
parade ground that was a
notorious site of executions
during the Nazi years, and the "
Bretteldorf" squatters'
settlements. https://www.wien.gv.at/english/environment/parks/donaupark.html


 Austria_Wien_Donauparken

Alfred Auer, Director of Vienna's Parks and Gardens at the time, was
commissioned to design the park.
He developed a many sided park area with special exhibition and t
heme gardens typical of a garden festival, including a rose garden,
a lily garden, a nation´s garden, a Paracelsus herb garden,
and a moorland garden.
The park's landmark is the 250 meters tall Danube Tower,
which offers a 360 degree view over the entire city.
Today many of the features of the garden festival have been
dismantled or adapted for other uses, such as a giant chess board,
skatepark and a petting zoo. The park has become a favourite for all ages.

https://www.wien.gv.at/english/environment/parks/donaupark.html


 Austria_Wien_Stephansdomen
Stephansdomen

 Austria_Wien_Stephansdomen
Adgang til tårnet via utvendig trapp.
Ikke noe for dem med høydeskrekk.

The oldest remaining parts of St. Stephen’s (the beautifully Giant Gate and the Towers of the Heathens) date back to the 13th century when Vienna was growing in importance and significantly expanding its city limits. Duke Rudolph IV of Habsburg, in 1359, laid the cornerstone of the Gothic nave with its two aisles. From then on, it took over two hundred years for the building to reach its present shape:  The most prominent feature of the Cathedral is the Gothic
South Tower
, which was completed in 1433.
The unfinished North Tower was capped with a makeshift

Renaissance spire
 in 1579. During the 18th century,
the cathedral was decorated with
 Baroque altarpieces - the
panel of the main altar shows the stoning of its namesake
St. Stephen, the first martyr of Christendom.
http://www.austria.info/us/austria/stunning-and-surprising-art-architecture/st-
stephen-cathedral


 Austria_Wien_Stephansdomen

 Austria_Wien_Heurigen
Besøk på en Heuriger

 Austria_Wien_Pratern
Pariserhjulet i Prater
Heuriger (German pronunciation: [ˈhɔʏʁɪɡɐ]; Austrian
dialect pronunciation: Heiriga) is the name given to a
tavern in Eastern Austria, where a local winemaker serves
his new wine under a special licence in alternate months
during the growing season. The Heurige are renowned for
their atmosphere of Gemütlichkeit shared among a throng
enjoying young wine, simple food, and - in some places -
Schrammelmusik.
They correspond to the
 Straußwirtschaften in the
German
 Rheinland. Both have a bush of pine twigs hanging
at the entrance when they are open. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heuriger

The Prater was once imperial hunting ground and only accessible for
the aristocracy, until the Austrian Emperor Josef II donated the
area to the Viennese in 1766 as a public leisure center.
And since Emperor also allowed the establishment of restaurants
and snack bars – small wonder that it didn’t take long until the
precursors of today’s Wurstelprater appeared on the edge of the
former aristocratic hunting grounds. Innkeepers, coffee brewers,
and gingerbread bakers (Lebzelter) hung out their shingles;
seesaws and merry-go-rounds as well as bowling alleys were
not far behind. http://www.praterwien.com/en/prater/fun-in-vienna/history/


 Austria_Wien_Schonbrunn

 Austria_Wien_Schonbrunn
Schønbrunn slott

 Austria_Wien_Schonbrunn
Schønbrunn slott

 Austria_Wien_Schonbrunn
Schønbrunn slott
The history of Schönbrunn and the buildings that previously stood
on this site dates back to the Middle Ages. From the beginning
of the fourteenth century, the estate as a whole bore the name of
Katterburg and belonged to the manor of the abbey at Klosterneuburg.
The estate boasted a corn-mill together with an arable farm and
vineyards. Over the following centuries numerous lessees are
documented, including a reference in 1548 to one Hermann Bayer,
mayor of Vienna, who extended the property, transforming it into
a substantial country estate
.
https://www.schoenbrunn.at/en/about-schoenbrunn/the-palace/history/

The first construction phase from 1743 to 1749 was carried out in close
collaboration with
 Nikolaus Pacassi, whose practical skills led to him
taking a leading role in the project, and eventually to his appointment
as court architect in 1749.

Work commenced on the imperial apartments in the East Wing with
audience rooms and residential suites for Maria Theresa and Franz
Stephan, which were ready for occupation by 1746. The coronation
of Franz Stephan of Lorraine as Roman-German Emperor in Frankfurt
in October 1745 probably provided additional impetus to appoint what
had become the imperial summer residence with particular magnificence
.
https://www.schoenbrunn.at/en/about-schoenbrunn/the-palace/history/

2. juli 1969
 Tyskland_Passau
En ekstra stopp på grunn av feil med bussen
2. juli 1969
 Tyskland_Vilshaven-service-stasjon

 Hamburg_hotel-Stadt-Hamburg
Siste overnatting ble på hotel Stadt Hamburg.

 Tyskland