Bilder fra Romaturene våre.

Oktober 2007, oktober 2008, mars 2010 og september 2013(sammen med Geir)
I oktober 2010 var vi i Roma sammen med Magnus og Elisabeth. Den turen har fått egen omtale.

sist redigert 30.5.2015

Du finner bilder fra bl.a. Leonardoekspressen, hotellene og Barberini

Bydel Via Veneto, Piazza Barberini med Fontana del Tritone, Palazzo Barberini,
Kirker i Via Veneto
, Santa Maria della Vittoria
Bydel Quirinal: 
Fontana di Trevi

Bydel Piazza_di_Spagna
: Spansketrappa/Villa Medici/Pincio/Piazza Popolo,
Bydel Piazza della Rotunda
Bydel Piazza Navona, Pantheon og Piazza della Minerva,
Vatikanet, Castel San Angelo,
Bydel Janiculum

Bydel Trastevere og Tevere,
Bydel Aventin

Bydel Campo de Fiori
Bydel Capitol
Bydel Forum
Bydel Palatin: Colosseum
Bydel Caracalla

Bydel Laterano
Bydel Esquilin
Via Appia Antica.

Piazza della Repubblica
(to bilder)

Dessuten fra turene ut av Roma til: Ostia, Tivoli og
Firenze med Chiantidistriktet

tilbake til 1. side

Tekster fra Gyldendals Reiseguider, Roma


Fra flyplassen Fiumicino går det greit med Leonardoekspressen.
Den kjører direkte (men ikke spesielt fort) til Roma Termini.


Bydel Via Veneto
Located above the altar of the Cornaro Chapel in Rome’s Santa Maria della Vittoria,
The Ecstasy of St. Teresa represents an episode from the life of the saint as
recorded in her spiritual autobiography. Teresa describes an angel carrying a
fire-tipped spear with which he pierces her heart repeatedly, an act that sends her
 into a state of spiritual rapture. “The pain,” she writes, “was so severe that it made
me utter several moans. The sweetness caused by this intense pain is so extreme that
one cannot possibly wish it to cease, nor is one’s soul then content with anything but God.”
The Life of Saint Teresa of Ávila by herself, Chapter 29)


Ikke noe å si på frokosten på hotellet.  (2.10.2007)
Via XX Settembre. 
Trærne er appelsintrær, fulle av appelsiner
. (10.3.2010)

To ganger har vi bodd her på
Imperial Palace hotel

(bildet er tatt 30.9.2007)

The exclusive Empire Palace Hotel is located in the modern district of Sallustiano, that was created in
1921 on the northern part of the Quirinale hill
The area har always been characterized by elitism
since the ancient times because of presence of
Horti Sallustiani (43 a.C.). Around them, since the
end of the Republic and during the entire Imperial
age, there were the house of the rich Roman
magistrates. The Quirinale hill was limited by the
ancient Via Alta Semita, whose route was changed
in 1561 by Pope Pius IV, in honour of whom it was
called Via Pia. It corresponds to the present Via del Quirinale and Via XX Settembre. Prestigeious villas
were built one after the other on the site. They all
had a lodge and they were surrounded by
wonderful gardens and outdoor sculptures.

......The prestigious Empire Palace is located in the
heart of this part of the city, in the refined rooms
of a palece thst was built by Nani Mocenigo the
same year Rome became capital. Mocenigo was
member of an extremely important Venetian family
and he chose the palace as his residence in the
eternal city.

(Fra skilt på veggen til hotellet)

Kirkene i Roma er kunstmuseer.
Her er vi kommet til Santa Maria della Vittoria.
Til høyre:
I kirken er et av Berninis mest kjente
verk, statuen av den hellige Teresa. (1646)

(bildet er tatt 8.3.2010)

Bildet er fra

The sloping site had formerly been occupied by a
 garden-vineyard of the Sforza family, in which a
had been built in 1549. The sloping
site passed from one cardinal to another during
the sixteenth century, with no project fully
getting off the ground.

When Cardinal Alessandro Sforza met financial
hardships, the still semi-urban site was purchased
in 1625 by Maffeo Barberini, of the
Barberini family, who became Pope Urban VIII.

(til venstre)
Piazza Barberini med Tritonefontenen
passerer vi på vei mot sentrum.
(Gjelder flere av hotellene vi har bodd
Fontenen ble skapt av Bernini for pave
Urban VIII Barberini i 1642.
(bildet er tatt 30.9.2007)

Mye god mat i Italia   (bildet er tatt 2013)

Today, Palazzo Barberini houses the Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica,
one of the most important painting collections in Italy.

(Vi var der april 2015)

Geir på vandring i Romas gater

Her i følge med Grete (2013)

Bydel Quirinal
Ikke langt fra Piazza Barberini finner vi Trevifontenen.
Grete kaster mynt i Fontena di Trevi.
Så blir det flere turer til Roma.
(Jeg kastet mynt i brønnen første gang i
1968, og det er blitt 5 turer etter dette.) 
(bildet er tatt 30.9.2007)

Fontenen er utformet av Nicola Salvis og ble ferdig i 1762.
På bildet ser vi Triton og en "havhest"
Stedet markerte opprinnelig avslutningen av Aqua Virgoakvedukten som ble
bygd i 19 f.Kr.
  (bilde 8.3.2010)

Vi er fortsatt ved Trevifontenen. K
irken er Santi Vincenzo e Anastasio.
(bildet er tatt 30.9.2007)

Ved Fontana di Trevi er det alltid mye folk.   (bilde 16.10.2008)

Trevifontena april 2015
The Fountain of Moses was built in 1587-1588 by Domenico Fontana, who designed a blind triumphal arch with three large niches. In the central niche stands a large statue of Moses, flanked on either side by reliefs depicting biblical scenes.

The central figure of Moses lends its name to the monumental fountain. The imposing statue was created by Prospero Antichi (also known as Prospero Bresciano).

According to local lore the sculptor tried to measure up to Michelangelo, who created a statue of Moses in the nearby San Pietro in Vincoli church. But the sculptor made the mistake of not creating a model and he carved the statue out of a block of marble that was lying on the ground instead of standing upright. As a result its proportions where not correct. When the statue was revealed to the public it was ridiculed and Prospero Antichi is said to have committed suicide out of sorrow.

Le Quattro Fontane, Styrkens (eller Junos) fontene. (28.9.2013)
Det er fire fontener festet til bygningene i krysset mellom to travle gater.
De stammer fra den store byfornyelsen av Roma under Sixtus V  (1585-1590)
En fontene representerer elveguden som er fulgt av ulvinnen, tydelig
Tevere. Den andre mannlige skikkelsen kan være Arno. De kvinnelige
skikkelsene representerer styrke og trofasthet eller gudinnene Juno og
Diana. (Over er Diana)(fra Gyldendals reiseguider)

Quattro Fontane
Dianafontena etter rengjøring

Quattro Fontane, Tevere

Fontenen på Piazza Quirinale   (23.9.2013)
Piazza Quirinale

Statuen Castor og Pollux
(rytterkunstens beskyttere) og de steilende hestene deres står på
plassen. De 5,5 meter høye statuene
er romerske kopier av greske
originaler fra 400-tellet f.Kr.



Presidentpalasset, eller Palazzo del Quirinale april 2015
The palace, located on the Via del Quirinale and facing onto the Piazza del Quirinale,
was built in 1583 by Pope Gregory XIII as a papal summer residence. The pope
wanted to find a location which would have been far away from the humidity and
stench coming from the river  Tiber and the unhealthy conditions of the Lateran
Palace, therefore the Quirinal hill was one of the most suitable places in Rome.
On the site, there was already a small villa owned by the  Carafa family and rented
to Luigi d'Este.The pope commissioned the architect Ottaviano Masherino to build a
palace with porticoed parallel wings and an internal court. The project was not fully completed due to the death of the pope in 1585 but it is still recognisable in the north
part of the court, especially in the double loggia facade, topped by the panoramic Torre
dei venti (tower of the winds) or Torrino. To the latter, a bell tower was added
according to a project by Carlo Maderno and Francesco Borromini.

The Quirinal Palace (known in Italian as the Palazzo del Quirinale or simply
) is a historic building in Rome, the current official residence of the
president of the Italian Republic.

Caravaggioutstilling i Scuderie del Quirinale

(10.3.2010) Scuderie del Quirinale ligger på Piazza del Quirinale
Archeologists believe that the sculptures’ original homes were inside the Temple of the God Traiano, which stood in the Forum named for him. They were discovered in 1586 during the reconstruction of the Palazzo Bonneli, the future residence of Cardinal Michael Bonelli, which was located between Traina Column and the present-day Palazzo Valentini. The Cardinal, practicing what we call “home depot,” used the heads to decorate his Palace, and it was at this time that the rhino and elephant were constructed in the Renaissance period. Also during this period some elements of the sculptures were restored, such as the mane of the horse and the horns of the ox and the ram. The sculptures resided in Palazzo Bonelli until 1878, at which time they were placed in the Roman College. They were placed in their current location, the Michelangelo Cloister, in the 1900’s, where they surround the fountain constructed in 1695 (Plaque: Archeological Museum at Hadrian’s Baths).
April 2015

Diocletians termer april 2015
The baths were built between 298 and 306 AD by Maxentius who had the complex named
Thermae Diocletiani, after Diocletian, an emperor who has been cast in a bad light by religious
historians for his persecution of Christians but in fact was actually a very capable and fair ruler.

The Bathing Ritual
For Romans, bathing was a social event and the huge bathing complexes reflected their
importance in Roman society. A visit to a bath complex like that of Diocletian started in the apodyterium, where visitors stored their clothes. They then progressed to the frigidarium
(the cold water), the tepidarium (warm water) and the caldarium (hot water). Some visitor went
to the sudatorium (sauna) before going to the caldarium. Men and women bathed separately.

But a visit to the baths was more than just about getting clean and relaxed. People came here to
socialize, discuss politics, recount daily events and gossip. It was also a fitness and leisure center:
there was a swimming pool, a massage room and complexes like that of the Baths of Diocletian
boasted amenities such as sporting facilities, libraries and meeting halls.

The Bathing Complex
The Baths of Diocletian measured 356 meters long and 316 meters wide (about 1200 x 1000 ft)
and were the largest of the approximately nine hundred bath houses in Rome. The enclosed
complex was structured similarly to the Baths of Trajan and BAth of Caracalla
, with a central
axis around which the actual baths were located. Water was led to a large water basin via the
Aqua Iovia, a branch of the Aqua Marcia aqueduct. The water basin was situated near the
current Termini train station, which derived its name from the thermae.

Midt på plassen står Fontana delle Naiadi. Fontenen er laget av Mario Rutelli.
De fire  nakne bronsenymfene førte til litt av en skandale da de ble avduket i 1901.



Vi har også vært i kirke Santi Vinconzi e Ananstasio

Santi Vincenzo e Anastasio a Trevi ("Saints Vincent and Anastasius at Trevi") is a Baroque
church in Rome, the capital of Italy. Built from 1646 to 1650 to the design of architect Martino
Longhi the Younger[2] and located in close proximity to the Trevi Fountain and the Quirinal
Palace, for which it served as parish church, it is notable as the place where the precordia and
embalmed hearts of 25 popes from Sixtus V to Leo XIII are preserved.
Santi Vincenzo e Anastasio a Trevi lies on the location of a medieval church, mentioned in 962
in a bull by Pope John XII as a branch of the San Silvestro in Capite basilica as well as in 15th
century records. Known as Santi Vincenzo e Anastasio since the 16th century, it was rebuilt in
the Baroque style and completed in 1650.

Kirker i bydelen Quirinal

(april 2015)
Santa Maria degli Angeli
e dei Martiri
, better known by its shorter name
Santa Maria degli Angeli
, is a unique Renaissance church in Rome. Designed by
Michelangelo, it was built inside the Roman walls of the Baths of Diocletian. It is
dedicated to the Virgin Mary, to the angels, and to the Christian slaves who died
building the baths. Like most churches in Rome, Santa Maria degli Angeli is filled
with art and monumental tombs and also has some holy relics.

This is one of two small Baroque churches close
together on the ridge of the Quirinal Hill, the other
being Sant
'Andrea al Quirinale. Together they are
now recognized as being one of the great architectural experiences of Europe, and attract many discerning
visitors from worldwide.

The two churches are a pair of complementary
masterpieces by the two titanic rivals of the
architectural world of 17th century Rome, Francesco Borromini and Gian Lorenzo Bernini
. The personalities
of these two geniuses are reflected in their respective
churches. Bernini was the talented son of a successful
society sculptor, brought up to be sophisticated and self-confident, and his church of 
Sant' Andrea is his
exercise in 
Baroque as theatre. Borromini had a
difficult upbringing and struggled with mental illness
(he eventually committed suicide), but his neurotic reclusiveness masked a brilliant analytical mind and
his church of 
San Carlo is his demonstration of
Baroque as mathematics.

Sant'Andrea al Quirinale (april 2015)

Situated on the sloping terrain above the ancient forums
of Rome, near Via Cavour, at 41 Via della Madonna dei
Monti, the church was commissioned by Pope
Gregory XIII
in 1580 to celebrate the discovery of a miraculous 15th-century image of Our Lady with Sts Lawrence and Stephan, found in the ruins of a nearby convent of the Poor Clares, and which now hangs over
the high altar. A copy is taken in procession through
the streets on 26 April each year.

The church was designed by Giacomo della Porta with
a façade inspired by his prior work of the Church of the Gesu
. It has two rows of Corinthian pilasters that are connected with volutes. (The façade was renovated in 1991–92) Above the door is a dedicatory inscription
and votive niches. The work was continued by
Carlo Lombardi and Flaminio Ponzio. Original to this phase
are the statues by
Giovanni Anguilla of the four major prophets of the Old Testament in the niches of the dome (1599).

Bildet fra:

Sant'Andrea al Quirinale
is a splendid Baroque church designed by Bernini in
Rome. It is a tender scene to imagine: the great Baroque architect, Gian Lorenzo
Bernini, in his last years, sitting for hours in this gem of a church, admiring the
wondrous space he had created. A painter, sculptor, architect, playwright and
stage designer, Bernini fashioned a visually integrated masterwork, which tells
the story of Sant'Andrea's martyrdom and ascension into heaven.

The novel elliptical worship space, with the entry on the long side, thrusts one
immediately into the action, and one can sit for hours admiring the church's
spectacular features, from paintings to sculpture, from the rich coffered dome to
the sumptuous pink marble columns. This church truly is a sight for sore eyes,
and must have been even more so before our electronic age

Bydel Piazza di Spagna

Øverst i den Spanske Trappa er det mange souvenirselgere. (30.7.2007)

Øverst i den Spanske Trappa   


Grete tar en hvil i den Spanske Trappa.
På 1600-tallet bestemte de franske eierne av kirken Trinita dei Monti seg for
å forbinde kirken med Piazza di Spagna ved hjelp av en flott trapp.
Trappen ble ikke bygd før 1726.

(bilde 30.9.2007)


Piazza di Spagna med Fontana della Barcaccia. Fontenen ble utformet enten av
Gian Lorenzo Bernini eller av hans far Pietro. (Barcaccia betyr ubrukelig, gammel båt.)

På plassen ligger tesalongen Babingtons som ble åpnet i 1896 av to engelske kvinner,
Anna Maria og Isabel Cargill Barbington.

Navna Piazza di Spagna
På 1600-tallet hadde Spanias ambassadør til pavestolen sitt hovedkvarter på piazzaen, og området rundt ble ansett som spansk territorium. Utlendinger som uforvarende kom inn på området, risikerte å bli tvunget inn i den spanske hæren.
(bilde 30.9.2007)


Like ved den Spanske Trappa ligger
Villa Medici.

Villaen er fra 1500-tallet. Ferdinando de
 Medici kjøpte den i 1576.
I dag holder det fransk akademiet til
i villaen.

Pinciohagene (23.9.2013)
Bildet er tatt april 2015

Hydrochronometer is a kind of a water clock.
It has the shape of a wooden pinnacle made of
cast iron fused as tree trunks, while its four dials
are visible from every direction.

In 1867 Fr. Giovan Battista Embriaco, O.P., inventor and professor of the College of St.
in Rome, created a hydrochronometer
and sent it to the
Paris Universal Exposition of 1867, where it received many prizes.

A hydrochromometer was built on the Pincian
in Rome at the Palazzo Berardi. In 1873,
the Water clock was in Rome and was placed
Villa Borghese gardens into a fountain
realized by the architect Gioacchino Ersoch.
It's still placed there and works

Det er heller ikke langt til Piazza Poppolo
Fra terrassen er det fin utsikt over Roma. Rett bak terrassen ligger Pincio-hagene.
(bilde 3.10.2007)



Between the elegant Pincio, and the banks of the Tevere, Piazza del Popoloyawns into an
enormous ellipse. Churches, fountains, monuments, and marble memoirs of historic events in
both ancient and modern tastefully embellish the square.

Since antiquity, the city's Northern entrance formed a vestibule into the city through the gate in
Aurelian Walls. Though now known as Porta del Popolo, it has had various names over the

Originally called Porta Flaminia by the Emperor Aurelianus who commissioned its
construction, during the
Early Medieval period, it was called Porta San Valentino, after the
Catacomb. Finally the name Porta del Popolo was agreed on, as the church adjoining
the gate is
Santa Maria del Popolo.

I kirken Santa Maria del Popolo:
The conversion on the way to
, by Caravaggio
Vannski, konstruert av Leonardo da Vinci.
Bildet er fra en utstilling
Piazza Popolo 2013

Piazza del Popolo itself was known as Piazza del Trullo in the Middle Ages, after the conical
fountain which once stood in the centre of the square, reminiscent of a characteristic
South-Italian dwelling. Its present name may be due to the poplar tree, known in Latin as
populus" which also meant people, an apt association, as various public events such as fairs,
games and dramatic executions were held there.

Såpebobler på Piazza del Popolo

Fredsalteret Ara Pacis
Alteret hyller freden leiser Augustus skaffet over hele middelhavsomrpdet
etter seierrike felttog i Gallia og Spania. monumentet ble bestilt av senatet
i 13 f. Kr og fullført 4 år senere. Det ble plassert slik at skyggen fra det store
soluret på Campus Martius ville falle på det på Ausgustus fødselsdag.
(Gyldendals reiseguider)

Andre steder vi har besøkt i bydelen Spagna

Via Condotti - handlegate med
"de eleganteste butikkene i et ac deeleganteste handleområdene i verden"

Babingtons Tea Room


Kirker i Spagna
Detalj fra søyle i kirken Trinita dei Monti,
som legger på høyden over den Spanske trappa.
Kirken ble bygget av franskmennene i 1495.

In 1494, Saint Francis of Paola, a hermit from Calabria, bought a vineyard from the papal scholar and former patriarch of Aquileia, Ermolao Barbaro, and then obtained the authorization from Pope Alexander VI to establish a monastery for the Minimite Friars. In 1502, Louis XII of France began construction of the church of the Trinità dei Monti next to this monastery, to celebrate his successful invasion of Naples. Building work began in a French style with pointed late Gothic arches, but construction lagged.

Bydel Piazza della Rotunda

Pantheon "templet for alle guder, senere kirke.
Pantheon ble bygget av keiser Hadrian (118-125 e. kr.)   (28.9.2013)

Raffeals grav i Pantheon
Over graven står en Madonna av Lorenzetto (1520)
(bildet fra 26.9.2013)

Raffaello Santi, bedre kjent som Rafael (født 6. april 1483, død 6.april 1520), var en maler og
arkitekt under den italienske renessansen. Han ble også kalt Raffaello Sanzio, Raffaello de
Urbino og Rafael Sanzio de Urbino.

Piazza della Minerva, med
kirken Santa Maria Sopre
Minerva ligger
like ved Pantheon.
(Pantheon sees bak elefanten)
I kirken står statuen Jesus med
laget av Michelangelo i 1521
Elefanten er hogget av Ercole
etter Berninis tegning. 
På Piazza della Minerva ligger også kirken Santa Maria Sopre Minerva.
Vi var inne i den i 2013

The only Gothic church in Rome, the Basilica Santa Maria sopra Minerva (Basilica of
St. Mary over Minerva) is so named because it was built directly on the foundations of a
temple to Minerva, the goddess of wisdom.

The basilica that stands today was begun in 1280. Architectural changes and redecorations
in the 1500s and 1900s stripped it of some of its magnificence, but it still includes an
awe-inspiring collection of medieval and Renaissance tombs.

Palazzo Doria Pamphilj
De eldste delene av bygningen er fra 1435.
Familiesamlingen i galleriet har mer enn 400 malerier fra 1400-1700-tallet.

Galleriet er åpent for publikum.



Chiesa di Sant’Ignazio di Loyola

Flanking a delightful rococo piazza, this important Jesuit church boasts a Carlo Maderno facade and a celebrated trompe l’oeil ceiling fresco by Andrea Pozzo (1642–1709) depicting St Ignatius Loyola being welcomed into paradise by Christ and the Madonna.

For the best views of the fresco, stand on the small yellow spot on the nave floor and look up. The ceiling, which is, in fact, absolutely flat, appears to curve. But walk a little further into the church and the carefully created perspective stops working and the deception becomes clearer.

The church, which was built by the Jesuit architect Orazio Grassi in 1626, flanks Piazza di Sant’Ignazio , an exquisite square laid out in 1727 to resemble a stage set. Note the exits into ‘the wings’ at the northern end and how the undulating surfaces create the illusion of a larger space.

Bydel Piazza Navona
Piazza Navona
Noen må rydde opp etter turistene.

Lunsjtid (28.9.2013)

"The Inspiration of St. Matthew"
malt av
Caravaggio i 1602  befinner
seg i kirken San Luigi deu Francesi
(ved Piazza Navona)

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, italiensk maler;
tilhører den romerske skole og er
den tidlige barokks fremste mester.
Etter korte studier i Milano og
Venezia drog han til Roma, hvor
han slo igjennom.

Caravaggio ble født 1573 og døde 1610.
Vi har også vært i kirken Sant Andrea della Valle (2007)
Sant'Andrea della Valle in Rome serves up everything you'd expect in a Baroque church:
history, artistic treasures, opulence, and dramatic grandeur. Not surprisingly, Puccini set
the opening act of his opera, Tosca, there.
The opera opens in the fictional Capella Attavanti, where the artist Cavaradossi is painting
the portrait of the Marchesa Attavanti for the family chapel. Cavaradossi's lover,
Tosca, arrives expressing jealousy over the subject of the painting. As a result, Cavaradossi
sings of his undying devotion to the lovely Tosca. No such chapel exists, though most
scholars agree the church's sumptuous Barberini Chapel inspired Puccini.

Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi

Bildet over: Det blir hevdet at Rio de la Platas atletiske skikkelse som kryper
sammen med armen i været uttrykker Berninis frykt for at den nærliggende kirken
Sant Agnese in Agone skal falle sammen. Kirken er utformet av hans rival Borromini.
Dette kan ikke være rikitg.  Bernini var ferdig med fontenen før Borromini startet
arbeidet med kirken.

Piazza Navona er en populær møteplass.
Det er tre fontener på plassen, Bassenget på Fontana di Nettuno i nordenden av
plassen er bygd av Giacomo della Porta i 1576, mens statuene av Neptun og
nereidene er fra 1800-tallet.
Midt på plassen står Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi, bygd for pave Innocens X Pamphilj
og avduket i 1651. Bernini utformet fontenen og den ble betalt med svært
upopulære skatter på brød og andre viktige varer.

Vatikanstaten, offisielt
Stato della Città del Vaticano
, pavens suverene
område, ligger i nordvestlige del av Italias
hovedstad, Roma, og er verdens minste
selvstendige stat i både areal og folkemengde.

Vatikanstaten omfatter selve Vatikanets administrasjonsbygninger, hager, museer,
verksteder og trykkerier, Peterskirken og
Petersplassen samt en gruppe embets- og
bolighus. Hertil kommer en rekke bygninger
utenfor Vatikanet med pavelig eksterritorialrett,
i Roma eller omegnen. Blant dem er også
pavens sommerresidens Castel Gandolfo i Albanerfjellene.

Den Grønnkledde.
Sett utenfor Castel Sant Angelo

Castel San Angelo
Borgen Sant Angelo
Borgen har navn etter den visjonen pave Gregor den store hadde av
erkeengelen Mikael på dette stedet. Den ble bygd i 139 e.Kr. som keiser Hadrians mausoleum. Siden har den hatt mange roller: del av keiser Aurelians bymus,
festning og fengsel i middelalderen og residens for pavene i tider med
politisk uro.
Engelen Michael på toppen av
Castel San Angelo

Kapellet på toppen av bygningen
ble midt på 1500-tallet erstattet
med en stor marmorengel, utført
av Raffaello da Montelupos,
denne ble 1752 avløst av
Verschaffelts bronseengel.

Geir på den øverste terrassen på Castel Sant Angelo. Utsikt mot Peterskirken.

Kaffe og øl på kafeen på Castel Sant Angelo. (28.9.2013)
Det er lang kø til Vatikanmuseet. (Men det går utrolig raskt framover i køen.)
Bygningen var opprinnelig pavepalasser.

Køen var ikke fullt så lang en regnværsdag i mars.  (9.3.2010)

Spiraltrappen ble tegnet av
Guiseppe Momo i 1932.


Også i Vatikanstaten kan det være veldig vått.   (9.3.2010)

Man må være rett antrukket i kirkene.
Karl Martin gjør seg klar til et besøk i

Vi var en tur oppe i kuppelen også.
På vei ned kommer man til denne
terrassen. Her er det en liten butikk.


Den første Peterskirken ble bestitl av keiser Konstantin og sto ferdig i 349 e.Kr.
På 1400-tallet begynte den å rase sammen, så i 1506 la pave Julius II grunnsteinen
til en ny kirke. Det tok over hundre år å bygge kirken.
Messe på Petersplassen søndag 29. september 2013)

Gregorio XIII in Basilica di San Pietro.  Fra Peterskirken   (29.9.2013)

The tomb of Pope Gregory XIII in
St Peter's is one of Rusconi's

Like most such memorials
in the early eighteenth century, it is subscribed to the basic formula of
Algardi's tomb of Leo XI, albeit with Berninesque touches. Religion looks up
to the figure of the Pope giving
benediction as Fortitude lifts the
massive drapery to reveal a
sarcophagus with a relief
commemorating the Gregorian
emendation of the calendar. Despite
the ostensible religious context of the monument, its focal point remained
the Pope as enlightened reformer
rather than spiritual leader.
Pope Gregory VIII (Latin: Gregorius VIII; c. 1100/1105 – 17 December 1187),
born Alberto di Morra, reigned from 25 October to his death in 1187.

Utsikten fra kuppelen på Peterskirken

Denne brømte marmorskulpturen
ble ferdig i 1499 da Michelangelo
var bare 25 år.

En kopi av skulpturen står i
katedralen i St. Paul, Minnesota


Bydel Janiculum

The History of the Hill

The Janiculum was the second highest hill in Ancient Rome. It was believed to be the
center for the cult of the god Janus, hence its name. Because of its stunning location
overlooking the city, it is thought that the cult's priests would stand atop the hill and
look for auspices - signs from the gods.

When the Aurelian Wall was built around Rome in the third century AD it made its way
up the Janiculum Hill so that the water mills that were used to grind corn and make
bread were inside the city. The ancient water mills were in use until around the end
of ninth century.

Almost a millennium later Janiculum Hill was the site of a memorable battle. In 1849,
Giuseppe Garibaldi fought against French troops attacking Rome. Even though the
French well outnumbered Garibaldi's troops, they were able to resist the French army
for several weeks. This event prompted the construction of a number of monuments
on the hill that pay homage to Garibaldi and his comrades, who were instrumental
in the creation of a united Italy.

Utsikt fra Piazzale Giuseppe Garibaldi i Janiculum.
Vi gikk hit opp fra Vatikanet. På plassen kjøpte vi kaffe og is,
før vi gikk ned til Trastevere.


Karl Martin på toppen av Jaiculum.

Like ved står det store
Garibaldimonumentet som ble reist
i 1895.
Denne monumentalfontenen er bygd
til minne om gjenåpningen i 1612 av en akvedukt som opprinnelig ble bygd av
keiser Trajan i 109 e. Kr.
Akvedukten ble omdøpt til dell´Acqua
Paola etter Paul V,  Borghese-paven som
ga ordre om restaureringen.

Da fontenen ble bygd hadde den fem
små bassenger, men i 1690 endret Carlo
Fontana utseende og la til det store
bassenget man ser i dag. Til tross for
mange lover for å hindre dem har
generasjoner av romere brukt det
 praktiske ferskvannsbassenget til
bading og vask av grønnsaker.

(Gyldendals reiseguider)
Fontana dell´Acqua Paola i Janiculum


Janiculum står minnersmerket over:
Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeira. Mest kjent som Anita Garabaldi.
Gift med Giuseppe Garabaldi.
Fra plakat ved monumentet: An event during the war fought for freedom and
independence of the Rio Grand do Sul Republic; whilst Garabaldi was away,

his camp was suddenly attacked and stormed during the night. Anita managed
to escape capture by jumping onto a horse and galloping away with her baby
who had been born a few days before.  (27.9.201

Trastevere is a picturesque medieval area located on the west bank of the Tiber.
The area escaped the grand developments which changed the face of central Rome,
and is a charming place to wander, eat or relax.

Trastevere (TrasTEVeh-ray)is named for its position 'over the Tiber'. Separated from the heart of
central Rome by the river, the area retained its narrow lanes and working-class population when
the rest of Rome began its nineteenth-century expansion.
Tourists are charmed by Trastevere, although they descend in numbers which slightly obscure the
area's personality. From being the last surviving pocket of earthy medieval Rome, the neighbourhood
has also become unique in Rome in attracting a crowd of young crusty-locked foreign beggars,
buskers and alcoholics. Internet cafes are side-by-side with gloomy ancient premises of uncertain
function, and you can choose from trendy bars and traditional chocolate shops. Still, despite the
influx of foreign money, Trastevere still maintains a strong local identity
The heart of Trastevere is Piazza di Santa Maria in Trastevere, a pedestrianised square piazza
lined with restaurants and pricey bars, faded palazzi, and the church of Santa Maria in Trastevere.
The steps surrounding the pretty central fountain are a popular hang-out spot for a non-typical
crowd (watch out for unwashed jugglers).
Heading up the lane to the right of the church, and choosing one of the right-hand turnings, you
enter into the maze of narrow lanes at Trastevere's heart. Plants scramble down walls from garden
terraces, washing hangs out to dry, and chipped Virgin Marys look down from shrines on street
The streets close to the river and south of Viale Trastevere are much quieter and there are several
unpretentious restaurants where you can enjoy a peaceful meal at an outdoors table. The church
of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere is one of Rome's more interesting churches. The statue by the altar
is based on the body of the patron saint of music, martyred St. Cecilia, which was found undecayed
in her coffin in the sixteenth-century. From here, it's a short walk to visit the Isola Tiberina
(Tiber Island).

Gate i Trastevere
Trastevere er en stor attraksjon hele året på grunn av restaurantene,
klubben og kinoene, men også på grunn av den pittoreske labyrinten av
smale,brosteinsbelagte gater og smug.

Piazza Santa Maria in Trastevere, møteplassen for backpackere.    (19.10.2008)

Det er mange små kafeer i Trastevere. Her venter Karl Martin på servering
Fra kirken Santa Maria in Trastevere

Denne basilikaen som sannsynligvis
var den første som ble bygd for
offisiell kristen gudsdyrkelse i Roma,
ble sentrum for Mariadyrkelsen.

Ifølge legenden ble kirken bygd av
pave Callixtus I på 200-tallet da
kristendommen fremdeles var en minoritetskultur.

Dagens kirke er hovedsakelig fra

Gyldendals reiseguider

Ponte Sisto over Tevere med Peterskirken i bakgrunnen   (2.10.2007)
Bydel Campo de Fiori (17.10.2008)

Campo de' Fiori (omtrent: Blomsterfeltet, eller Blomsterenga – misvisende er navnet
blitt oppfattet som Blomstermarkedet, fordi plassen i dag huser et marked, som blant
annet selger blomster. Men i virkeligheten stammer navnet fra overgangen mellom
middelalder og renessanse, den gang plassen var en blomstereng i utkanten av
bebyggelsen.) er en plass sentralt i Roma, i bydelen Parione, øst for Tiberen.

I det gamle Roma var dette et ubebygd og ubrukt område mellom Pompeius' teater
og Tiberen, som ofte flommet over og innover til dette strøket. Selv om Orsiniene
etablerte seg på sørflanken av området på 1200-tallet forble det uutviklet frem til


Tevere i Roma
Elva er 405 km lang. Den kommer fra Appenninene og renner ut i
Middelhavet ved Ostia, Romas havneby.

Is er godt, og den
italienske isen er jo regnet
blant de beste.

Her er vi på Isola Tiberina,
øya i elva Tiber.


The Tiber Island (Italian: Isola Tiberina, Latin: Insula Tiberina) is the only island in the Tiber river
which runs through Rome. Tiber island is located in the southern bend of the Tiber.
The island is boat-shaped, approximately 270 m long and 67 m wide, and has been connected with
bridges to both sides of the river since antiquity. Being a seat of the ancient temple of Asclepius and
later a hospital, the island is associated with medicine and healing.

The island has been linked to the rest of Rome by two bridges since antiquity, and was once called
Insula Inter-Duos-Pontes which means "the island between the two bridges". The Ponte Fabricio,
the only original bridge in Rome, connects the island from the northeast to the Field of Mars in the
rione Sant'Angelo (left bank). The Ponte Cestio, of which only some original parts survived, connects
the island to Trastevere on the south (right bank).

Ponte Fabbricio
Broa ble bygd i 62 f. Kr. og er den eldste broa over Tevere som fremdeles er i bruk.




Vi har vært ved Area Sacra dell Argentina (2007)

Largo di Torre Argentina is a square in Rome, Italy, that hosts four Republican Roman
temples, and the remains of Pompey's Theatre. It is located in the ancient Campus Martius.
The name of the square comes from the Torre Argentina, which takes its name from the
city of Strasbourg, whose Latin name was Argentoratum. In 1503, the Papal Master of
Ceremonies Johannes Burckardt, who came from Strasbourg and was known
as "Argentinus", built in via del Sudario a palace (now at number 44),
called Casa del Burcardo, to which the tower i annexed.

Bydel: Aventin

Aventinerhøyden (latin Mons Aventinus) er en av Romas sju høyder, beliggende sørvest for
ved Tiberen.

Under den romerske republikken var kollen en folkelig bydel, bebodd av plebeiere, men kom
seinere å bli et eksklusivt bostedsområde med store villaer,
templer og luksuriøse badeinrettninger.
På Aventinerhøyden blei det feira blant annet ekstatiske fester til ære for
I løpet av
middelalderen blei Aventinerhøyden avfolka og den har fram til i dag blitt dominert
klostre og hager.

Til Aventinerhøydenss mer kjente bygninger regnes kirkene Santa Sabina, Sant'Alessio,
Santa Prisca fra tidlig
kristendom, samt den moderne kirken Sant'Anselmo. Dessuten
bør man nevne
Malteserordenens sete og dens kirke Santa Maria del Priorato.
Lille Aventinerhøyden ligger blant annet kirken San Saba.

Blant Aventinerhøydens antikke levninger kan nevnes Dianas tempel,
samt rester av
Santa Maria in Cosmedin
Kirken ble bygget på 500-tallet på
stedet der byens gamle matvaremarked

I veggen på kirken finner vi:
Bocca della Verita (sannhetens munn)
i Santa Maria in Cosmedin.
Den kan ha vært et kloakkdeksel fra
før 300-tallet f.Kr.
I middelalderen trodde man at de
kraftige kjevene ville lukke seg over
hånden til den som løy med hånden
inne i munnen.
(Gyldendals reiseguider)
Bydel Capitol
The Capitoline Hill (/ˈkæpɨtəln/ or /kəˈpɪtɵln/; Latin: Collis Capitōlīnus), between the
Forum and the Campus Martius, is one of the seven hills of Rome. It was the citadel (equivalent
of the ancient Greek acropolis) of the earliest Romans. The name
capitol seems to have meant
"dominant height", although ancient tradition places its origin in
caput ("skull": a specific skull
found while laying the Temple of Jupiter foundation).
By the 16th century, Capitolinus had become Capitolino in Italian, with the alternative Campidoglio stemming from Capitolium, one of the three
major spurs of the
Capitolinus (the others being Arx and Tarpeius). The English word capitol
derives from
Capitoline. The Capitoline contains few ancient ground-level ruins, as they are
almost entirely covered up by Medieval and Renaissance
palaces (now housing the Capitoline
Museums) that surround a piazza, a significant urban plan designed by Michelangelo.

Karl Martin på Capitol
Huset  er Palazzo Senatorio. Det ble brukt av det romerske senatet fra rundt
1100-tallet. I dag inneholder det kontorene til borgermesteren.
Trappa heter Cordonata og er tegnet av Michelangelo.

The large stairway that leads up the hill to the
church's main entrance dates from 1348.
Cola di Rienzo ordered the construction of the
stairs to thank the Virgin Mary for the end of
a large plague epidemic that had ravaged the
city that year. The set of 124 marble steps (122
if you start on the right side) was built by
Simeone Andreozzi. It is thought that the steps
were taken from the Quirinal Hill, where they
led to Emperor Aurelian's Temple of Sol
Invictus (Temple of the Unconquered Sun).
Situated at the highest point of the
Capitoline Hill, Santa Maria in Aracoeli
has a long history. The foundation of a
first house of worship may have been laid
here as early as the sixth century, when it
was built in the style of an ancient basilica.
At that time, the worshippers would have
followed the Greek rite.

However, the building was taken over by
the papacy in the tenth century and was
given to the Benedictines. In 1249 pope
Innocent IV passed it on to the
Franciscans who remodeled and expanded
 the church in 1320.

Roma-maraton. Her passerer de
Victor Emmanuelmonumentet.



Victor Emmanuel monomentet. Bygget ble innviet i 1911 til ære for
Victor Emmanuel II av Savoia, den første kongen i et samlet Italia. 


Veteranbilutstilling ved Victor Emmanuelmonumentet.
Her står en Ferrari 1904 ferdig pakket for skitur.  (18.10.2008)

Bydel Forum

Forum Romanum var sentrum for Romas religiøse og offentlige
med senatet, domstoler og templer liggende lang datidens mest
berømte gate, Via Sacra. Det var langs Via Sacra triumftogene opp til
Kapitol fant sted.

Forum Romanum ligger i dalen mellom Kapitol og Palatin, og her
finnes byggverk som:

  • Konstantinbasilikaen
  • Titusbuen (Bildet til høyre)
  • Romulustempelet
  • Vesta tempelet
  • Vestalinnenes hus
  • Santa Maria Antiqua
  • Antonius og Faustina tempelet

Forum Romanum
Forum Romanum med Palatinerhøyden i bakgrunnen.
På Palatinhøyden ligger ruinene av Domus Flavia og Domus Augustana og to deler av Domitians enorme palass fra slutten av det første århundre e.Kr.

Forum Romanum sett fra Capitol (april 2015)

Forum var sentrum for det politiske, kommersielle og juridiske livet i det
gamle Roma.


Colosseum en dag med regn og vind.
Colosseum ble bygd av keiser Vespasian i år 72 e.Kr.
  (bilde 9.3.2010)

Geir og Karl Martin utenfor Colosseum.   (27.9.2013)

Geir og Grete på Colosseum  (27.9.2013)
Colosseum, eller Coliseo, amfiteater
i Roma, sørøst for Forum,
nær det gamle Romas sentrum;
siden 700-tallet er Colosseum
det alminnelige navn på Det flaviske amfiteater.
Det er verdens største amfiteater
og rommet ca. 50 000 tilskuere.
Påbegynt av keiser Vespasian og
fullført under hans sønn Titus 80 e. Kr.
Det er til alle tider blitt
betraktet som et av verdens mest
imponerende arkitektoniske
byggverker og et mesterverk av
klassisk byggekunst.

Colosseum 27.9.2013

Fra Septimius Severusbuen på Forum RomanumBuen ble reist i 203 e.Kr.


Konstantinbuen ved Colosseum
Buet ble innviet i 315 e.Kr for å feire Konstantins seier tre år tidligere
over hans medkeiser Maxentius.

Trajans marked
Markedet ble i sin tid regnet blant underverkene i den klassiske verden.
Keiser Trajan og hans arkitekt Apollodorus fra Damaskus bygde dette visjonære
nye komplekset med 150 butikker og kontorer tidlig på 100-tallet e.Kr.

Trajans marked april 2015
Trajans marked april 2015

Gammel og ny metro i Roma.
De er god plass midt på dagen, og
utrolig trangt i rushtida som varer
langt utover formiddagen.




Bydel Palatin

The Palatine Hill (Latin: Collis Palatium or Mons Palatinus; Italian: Palatino, IPA: [päläˈt̪iːno])
is the centermost of the Seven Hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city.
It stands 40 metres[1] above the Forum Romanum, looking down upon it on one side, and upon
the Circus Maximus on the other.

It is the etymological origin of the word "palace" and its cognates in other languages
 (Italian "Palazzo", French "Palais", German "Palast", etc.)

According to Roman mythology, the Palatine Hill was the location of the cave, known as the
Lupercal, where Romulus and Remus were found by the she-wolf Lupa that kept them alive.
According to this legend, the shepherd Faustulus thereafter found the infants, and with his
wife Acca Larentia raised the children. When they were older, the boys killed their great-uncle
(who seized the throne from their grandfather), and they both decided to build a new city of
their own on the banks of the River Tiber. Suddenly, they had a violent argument with each
other and in the end Romulus killed his twin brother Remus. This is how "Rome" got its
name - from Romulus. Another legend to occur on the Palatine is Hercules' defeat of Cacus
after the monster had stolen some cattle. Hercules struck Cacus with his characteristic club so
hard that it formed a cleft on the southeast corner of the hill, where later a staircase bearing
the name of Cacus was constructed.

 Roma_Palatin_fra_Palatin_mot_ColosseumFra Palatin mot Colosseum  (27.9.2013)

Santa Anastasia was built in the late 3rd century - early 4th century, possibly by a Roman
woman named Anastasia. The church is listed under the
titulus Anastasiae in the acts of the
499 synod. Later the church was entitled to the martyr with the same name, Anastasia of

The church was restored several times: Pope Damasus I (366-383), Pope Hilarius (461-468),
Pope John VII (705-707), Pope Leo III (795-816), and Pope Gregory IV (827-844).
The current church dates back to the 17th century restoration commissioned by Pope
Urban VII.

Traditionally, the church is connected to the cult of St Jerome, who possibly celebrated
mass here. The saint is depicted over the altar, by Domenichino.

The last restoration, after the restoration during the papacy of Sixtus IV, occurred in 1636,
when the facade, with lower doric and upper ionic order, was reconstructed in 1636,
after the cyclone of 1634. The nave recycles antique columns. The ceiling is frescoed
with a
martyrdom of the saints (1722) by Michelangelo Cerruti.
The chapel to the right, has a painting of St. John the Baptist by Pier Francesco Mola.
While the last chapel on the right has a fresco of
Scenes of the life of Saints Carlo Borromeo
and Filippo Neri
by Lazzaro Baldi. The right transept has a painting of S.Toribio (1726) by
Francesco Trevisani. The high altar has a
Nativity by Lazzaro Baldi and below the altar is
 a statue of Saint Anastasia by Ercole Ferrata. It clearly shows the influence of Bernini's

Beata Ludovica Albertoni

The left transept has a Madonna of the
by Baldi,
and the tomb of Cardinal and philologist
Angelo Mai by the late neoclassical sculptor
Giovanni Maria Benzoni.
The last chapel to the left, by Domenichino
depicts a

St. Jerome
. The other chapel has a
Ss.Giorgio e Publio
by Etienne Parrocel.

Virgin Mary ceramic statue from
basilica di Santa Anastasia
(april 2015)

Bydel Caracalla

Caracallas termer april 2015

Completed by Emperor Caracalla in AD 217,
baths functioned for about 300 years, until
the plumbing was destroyed by invading Goths.
Over 1,600 bathers at a time could enjoy the
facilities. A
Roman bath was a serious business, beginning with a sort of Turkish bath, followed
by a spell in the
caldarium, a large hot room
with pools of water to provide humidity.

Then came the lukewarm tepidarium, a visit to
the large central meeting place, known as the
frigidarium, and finally a plunge into the
natatio, an open-air swimming pool. For the
rich, this was followed by a rubdown with
scented woollen cloth.

As well as the baths, there were spaces for
libraries, art galleriesand gardens -
a true leisure centre. Most of the rich marble decorations of the baths were removed by the

Farnese family
in the 16th century to adorn
the interior of
Palazzo Farnese.



Caracallas termer april 2015

In imperial times the Celio developed into an
exclusive area where rich families lived in large
villas with gardens. When the 17-year-old
Emperor Nero came to the throne, he erected a
temple on the Celio's slopes dedicated to his
predecessor, Claudius (in whose death he may
have had a hand). Foundations and arches from
the temple can still be seen to the west of the
Via Claudia, just above the Colosseum.

The church itself, dedicated to Saints John
and Paul, was begun in the fourth century and
modified many times since then. The interior
now is an elegant eighteenth-century confection,
lit by chandeliers, although plenty of evidence of
the church's history can also be seen. The site was
the home of a Roman senator, who converted to
Christianity and had his home turned into a place
of worship. The church is closed at lunchtimes.

An elegant gateway off the little piazza opposite
the church opens onto Villa Celimontana, one
of Rome's nicest parks.



Santi Giovanni e Paolo
(april 2015)

Santi Giovanni e Paolo is an ancient basilica church in Rome, located on the Celian Hill.
It is also called
Santi Giovanni e Paolo al
or referred to as SS Giovanni e Paolo.

The church was built in 398, by will of
senator Pammachius, over the home of two Roman
John and Paul, martyred under
in 362. The church was thus called the
Titulus Pammachii
and is recorded as such in
the acts of the synod held by
Pope Symmachus
in 499.
The church was damaged during the
sack by
Alaric I
(410) and because of an earthquake
(442), restored by
Pope Paschal I (824),
sacked again by the Normans (1084), and
 again restored, with the addition of a
monastery and a bell tower.
It is home to the
Passionists and is the burial
place of
St. Paul of the Cross. Additionally,
it is the
station church of the first Friday in Lent.,_Rome

San Gregorio Magno al Celio, also known as
San Gregorio al Celio or simply San Gregorio,
is a church in Rome, Italy, which is part of a
monastery of monks of the Camaldolese
branch of the Benedictine Order.
St. Augustine of Canterbury and his Benedictines
were sent by Pope Gregory I to evangelize
England in 597 AD. The 1,100th anniversary
of the founding of their order was celebrated here
 at an evening Lenten Vespers service on Saturday,
March 10, 2012

It was attended by Anglican and
Catholic prelates, and was jointly
led by Pope Benedict XVI, and
Rowan Williams, Archbishop of
Canterbury. It is located on the
Caelian Hill, in front of the Palatine.
Next to the basilica and monastery
is a convent of nuns and a homeless
shelter run by the order Blessed
Mother Teresa of Calcutta founded,
the Missionaries of Charity.

Santa Maria in Domnica (om kirken se under til venstre) Vi var der april 2015
Hester på veggen ved kirken
Santi Giovanni e Paolo

Santa Maria in Domnica
The church was built in ancient times, close to the barracks of the 5th Cohort of the
Vigiles on the Caelian Hill. The church is mentioned in the records of a synod held
Pope Symmachus in 499. In the year 678, it was one of seven churches assigned to
deacons by
Pope Agatho.
The church was rebuilt from 818-822 by Pope Paschal I, who is credited with Rome's early
9th century age of renovation and artistic splendour, had the church rebuilt in 818-822,
providing it with noteworthy mosaic decoration.

The interior of the church was extensively modified in the 16th century by the Medici
family, who were the cardinal holders of the archdiaconate through much of this period.

In 1513, Cardinal Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, shortly before he became Pope Leo X,
Andrea Sansovino added the façade portico with Tuscan columns and the fountain.
He was followed by Giulio di Giuliano de 'Medici, the future
Pope Clement VII from
Giovanni de' Medici became cardinal-deacon at the age of 17 in 1560,
but died in 1562. He was followed by his brother
Ferdinando I de' Medici,
who also became
Grand Duke of Tuscany. He added the coffered ceiling of the
basilica during his tenure.

Den Hellige trapp, eller Scala
Bygningen er tegnet av Domenico
Fontana i 1589 og inneholder to
bevarte deler av det gamle
Lateranpalasset. Det ene er Sancta Sanctorium, den andre er den
hellige trapp.
De 28 trinnene sies å være dem
Kristus gikk opp i huset til
Pontius Pilatus under rettsaken
mot ham. Trappen skal være brakt
fra Jerusalem av keiser Konstantins
mor St. Helena. Denne troen kan
ikke spores lenger enn til 600-tallet.
De troende må krype på knærne
opp trinnen. Scala Sancta og
sidetrappene fører opp til kapellet
for St. Laurentius eller Sancta
Sanctorium. (Det aller helligste)


Bueganger ved San Giovanni in Laterano.
De ble bygd rundt 1220 av
Vassallettofamilen og bemerkeslesverdige
på grunn av de vridde tvillingsøylene og
innlagte marmormosaikker.

Nærbilde av en av søylene

San Giovanni in Laterano
Kirken er bygget tidlig på 300-tallet,
men oppbygd flere ganger, siste
gang på 1700-tallet.
Før  paven flyttet til Avignon i 1309,
var det tilståtende Lateranpalasset
den offisielle paveresidensen, og
fram til 1870 ble alle paver
kronet i kirken.
Paven er biskop av Roma og her i
byens hovedkatedral holder han skjærtorsdagsmesse og er tilstede
ved den årlige velsignelsen av
Triclinio Leoniano er en bit av veggen
og en mosaikk fra spisesalen til
pave Leo III fra 700-tallet

(Gyldendals reiseguider)

(bilde 10.3.2010)

Bydel Esquilin
I September 2013 bodde vi på hotel Champagne Palace.
Hotellet ligger like ved Termini og med gangavstand til de fleste mest kjente
severdigheter. Et helt greit hote
llet. Spisesalen ligger i 7. etasje med fin utsikt
over Roma.
  (Bildet er tatt 23.9.2013)
April 2015 bodde vi på det samme hotellet.

I  Lateran har vi også vært i Santa Croce in Gerusalemme

The Basilica di Santa Croce in Gerusalemme (Holy Cross in Jerusalem)
is a very interesting basilica just a short walk from San Giovanni in
Laterano in Rome. It is one of the seven pilgrimage churches in the
 Eternal City. Too often overlooked by visitors (though pilgrims wouldn't
miss it), Santa Croce is well worth a visit for its extraordinary collection
of relics from the Holy Land, its full-sized replica of the Shroud of Turin,
the shrine of a young girl who is being considered for sainthood, and its
connections with Constantine and St. Helen.

og vi har sett "bakerens grav"

The tomb of Marcus Vergilius Eurysaces the baker is one of the largest
and best-preserved freedman funerary monuments in Rome. Its sculpted
frieze is a classic example of the "plebeian style" in Roman sculpture.
Eurysaces built the tomb for himself and perhaps also his wife Atistia
around the end of the Republic (ca. 50-20 BC).

Founded in the 4th century, the
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore

(Basilica of Saint Mary Major) is one of
the five great ancient basilicas of
Its 18th-century exterior conceals one of the best-preserved Byzantine interiors in the city.

Villa Borghese er i utkanten av Roma
I Villaen er det nå galleri.

Parken ble anlagt av kardinal Scipione Borghese.
Han fikk huset bygget for adspredelser og underholdning.

Scipione åpnet også sin fornøyelsespark for publikum.

Kardinalen var også en ekstravagant beskytter av kunsten,
og skulpturene han bestilte fra den unge Bernini, rangerer nå blant
hans mest berømte arbeider.


Borghese-parken 3.10.2007

Andre kunstnere som er nevnt:

Giuvanni Bellini, født ca 1430
Da vi var i Roma i 2008 var det utstilling av Bellinis verker på
Scuderie del Quirinale

Jeg har nevnt Berninis navn flere ganger. Her er mer om ham.
Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini
Fra Borgheseparken 3.10.2007

Via Appia Antica
Via Appia Antica ligger Capo di Bove.
Et arkeologisk område og en pen park med skulpturer

En av skulpturene på Capo di Bove

Via Appia Antica
La proma colonna miliaria della via Appia

Vi var også en tur i San Sebastian-katakombene
(Bilde er fra Wikipedia)
En katakombe er en underjordisk gang med gravkamre i veggene. Ordet kommer fra gresk kata kumbas (= ved dalsøkket), og var et beskrivende navn på St. Sebastians katakomber i Roma. Først på 1700-tallet fikk ordet «katakombe» betydningen «underjordisk kristen gravplass».

Vi besøkte også Celias grav,
It was built during the 1st century B.C to honor Caecilia Metella who was the daughter
of Quintus Caecilius Metellus Creticus, a Consul in 69 B.C, and wife of Marcus Licinius
Crassus, son of the famous
Marcus Crassus who served under Julius Caesar.

og kirkene San Sebastian og
Built originally in the first half of the 4th century, the basilica is dedicated to St. Sebastian,
 a popular Roman martyr of the 3rd century. The name ad catacumbas refers to the
catacombs of St Sebastian, over which the church was built, while "fuori le mura" refers to
the fact that the church is built outside the Aurelian Walls, and is used to differentiate the
basilica from the church of San Sebastiano al Palatino on the Palatine Hill.

Quo Vadis

The official name of the church is Santa Maria delle Piante, which literally means
"St Mary of the Soles of the Feet". It is often translated as "Our Lady of Weeping",
but that would be dei Pianti.
However, the connection to the story of an attempted escape from Rome by St Peter has
given the church the nickname Domine Quo Vadis, by which it is universally known and which is
accepted by the Diocese

Rusling langs Via Appia Antica.(25.9.2013)

På vei til Via Appia gikk vi gjennom Porta San Sebastian

Porta San Sebastiano is the biggest and one of the best preserved gates in the Aurelian
Walls in Rome (Italy).
Its previous name, kept for a long time, was Porta Appia, as the gate was crossed by the
Appian Way, the regina viarum, that started, just a little farther, from Porta Capena in the
Servian Wall. During the Middle Ages probably it was also calles Accia (or Dazza or Datia),
a name whose etymology is quite uncertain, but arguably associated with the little river
Almone, called "acqua Accia", that flowed nearby. A document dated 1434 calls it Porta
Domine quo vadis. The present name is attested only since the second half of 15th century,
due to the vicinity to the Basilica of San Sebastiano and its catacombs.
venter på buss tilbake til sentrum (25.9.2013)
Fin garasje

Veivisning på italiensk

Utflukter ut av Roma:
oktober 2008: Tivoli
mars 2010: Ostia Antica og Ostia Lido
september 2013: Firenze


I 2010 tok vi en tur til Ostia Antica og Ostia Lido.
Det er ca 1/2 time med metro og tog

Maske i Ostia Antica  (11.3.2010)
Teatret i Ostia Antica (11.3.2010)

I republikkens tid var Ostia Antica Romas viktigste kommersielle havn
og en militærbase som forsvarte kystlinjen og utlæpet av Tevere.
Havnebyen fortsatte å blomstre gjennom hele keisertiden, til tross for
Portus, den nye havnen som på 100-tallet ble anlagt litt lenger mot nordvest.

Ostia Antica  (11.3.2010)

Romas Lido.
Ikke langt fra Ostia Antica ligger Romas strandområde, Ostia Lido.
Flott strand, men det var litt for kaldt til å bade da vi var der.


Ikke mye å gjøre på denne tiden av året

Karl Martin på Lido (11.3.2010)
Not far from the centre of Rome, Ostia is a residential area, the capital's beach and a
well-known "tourist port" with moorings for boats from 8-60 metres (26-197 ft) in length.
It also contains many Roman ruins, dating back to the days when Ostia served as Rome's
port (a function now taken over by Civitavecchia). Ostia Antica is one of Lazio's major
attractions, less crowded and, for some, more enjoyable than the ruins of Pompeii.
So if you can't make it down to Pompeii, don't worry: just head out to Ostia antica.

Italy might be a Catholic country, but you won't detect any religious conservatism in the
skimpy bikinis on display here. There's a carnival atmosphere with dance halls, cinemas,
and pizzerias. The Lido is set off best at Castelporziano, against a backdrop of pinewoods
which provide the summer residence of the President of Italy. This stretch of shoreline is
referred to as the Roman Riviera.

Tivoli, Hadrians villa i Tivoli

I 2008 tok vi en tur til Tivoli. Der besøkte vi Hadrians Villa og Villa d´este

Bildet over er fra Hadrians villa

som ble bygd som sommerlandsted mellom 118 og 134 e. Kr. (18.10.2008)
Fontene i Villa d´este.
Eiendommen ble bygd ut på 1500-tallet
av kardinal Ippolito d´este.
Fruktbarhetsgudinne i Villa d´Este,

Hagen til Villa d´este.   (18.10.2008)

Fontene i  Villa d´este i Tivoli  (18.10.2008)

Årets (2013) ut av Romatur gikk til Firenze
I 2015 ble det en ny tur til Firenze. Denne gangen ble vi i byen tre netter

Firenze (latin Florentia) er en by i provinsen med samme navn, og byen er
regionshovedstad i Toscana
i det nordlige Italia. Navnet kommer avlatin: Florentia som
den blomstrende. Fra 1865 til 1870 var byen også hovedstad i Kongedømmet Italia.
Firenze ligger ved elven Arno
, som ligger på en slette ved foten av fjellkjeden Appenninene.
Den har omkring 400 000 innbyggere, innbefattet en forstadsbefolkning på i overkant av
200 000 mennesker.

I 2013 var det litt for varmt, i 2015 var det kaldt og regn da vi kom til Firenze


To bilder av Ponte Veccio, Firenze  (24.9.2013)

To broer over Arno. Den bakerste er Ponte Vecchio (5.4.2015)

Ponte Vecchio og husrekka på sørsiden av elva (5.4.2015)

Domkirken i Firenze  (24.9.2013)
Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore (It.: Den hellige Marias blomsts basilika,
domkirken eller Il Duomo) er katolsk katedral og erkebispesete i Firenze .
Formen er en, treskipet basilika med korsform, apsidale kor- og tverrskipavslutninger. Katedralens kuppel er konstruert og oppført av Filippo Brunelleschi.
Den regnes av mange som selve innledningen til renessansen}. Kirken kan inneholde
opptil tretti tusen mennesker
 En ung fotograf er klar til å ta bilde av vogna som eksploderer (5.4.2015)
Noen følger med fra vinduene (5.4.2015)

On Easter Sunday every year, Florence celebrates the religious holiday in a very special
way. The Scoppio del Carro, or the "Explosion of the Cart", dates back over 350 years.
An elaborate wagon built in 1622 and standing two to three stories high is pulled by a
pair of oxen decorated in garlands through the streets of Florence to the square between
the Baptistry and Cathedral.

This tradition finds its origins in events that are partly historic and partly legendary.
A young Florentine named Pazzino, a member of the noble Pazzi family, apparently took
part in the First Crusade in the Holy Land in 1099, where he gave ample proof of his
courage (he was the first to scale the walls of Jerusalem and raise the Christian banner). When he came home, he brought back three flints from the Holy Sepulchre that he received
for his act of courage. This reliquary, today preserved in the Church of SS. Apostoli, lies behind the Florentine celebration for the Resurrection of Christ.

Today, the ceremony still bears a strong resemblance to the way in which it has been celebrated for centuries. Starting around 10am, a priest rubs Pazzino’s three flints
together until they spark and light the Easter candle; this, in turn, is used to light some
coals which are placed in a container on the Cart and the procession delivers the Holy
Fire to the Archbishop of Florence before Santa Maria del Fiore, better known as the
. The cart is accompanied by drummers, flag throwers and figures dressed in
historical costume as well as city officials and clerical representatives

mer på

Vogna er kjørt fram, snart begynner fyrverkeriet. (5.4.2015)

Så er det over. Folk strømmer til Domkirkeplassen fra alle sidegater. (5.4.2015)
Palazzo Vecchio (til høyre) (italiensk for
gammelt palass) er rådhuset i Firenze.
Dette massive fortet er blant de mest
imponerende rådhus i Toscana.
Det ligger ved Piazza della Signoria som
er en av de viktigste offentlige plasser i
Italia. Palasset rommer idag et museum
hvor blant annet verker av Agnolo Bronzino, Michelangelo Buonarroti og Giorgio Vasari befinner seg.
Foran inngangen er en kopi av
Michelangelos David til erstatning for
originalen som tidligere befant seg her.

Palasset ble opprinnelig kalt Palazzo della
, etter Signoria som var navnet på
det styrende rådet i Firenze i likhet med
flere andre italienske
stater i middelalderen.
Det har også hatt flere andre navn som

Palazzo del Popolo
, Palazzo dei Priori og
Palazzo Ducale
alt etter hva det ble brukt
til i løpet av
sin lange historie.

Palazzo Vecchio

David utenfor Rådhuset (Palacio Veccio)
i Firenze. Dette er en kopi.
Orginalet er på Galleria Accademia.(5.4.2015)

Via Corso i Firenze (24.9.2013)

Sykkel-VM i Firenze 2013.
Dette er siste startende i dagens løp. (24.9.2013)

Piazza di Signoria. Firenze

Bildet til høyre: En del av Paradisporten

– Dette er dørene til paradis, sa Michelangelo, da hans kunstnerkollega Ghibertis dører til dåpskapellet, sto ferdig, med sine gullforgylte, med detaljrike relieffer. Her er paradiset, Kain som dreper sin bror Abel, Noah med arken, Daniel i løvehulen og mye mer. Dørene markerer begynnelsen av renessansen, med sin naturalistiske stil og nyskapende bruk av perspektiv. Og innenfor disse portene ble alle små florentinere, inkludert forfatteren og poeten Dante, døpt fram til slutten av 1800-tallet.

Giardino di Boboli, grotta (6.4.2015)
Decorated internally and externally with stalactites and originally equipped with
waterworks and luxuriant vegetation, the Large Grotto is divided into three sections
decorated with remarkable examples of Mannerist sculptures. The first one was frescoed
to create the illusion of a natural grotto, a natural refuge for shepherds to protect
themselves from wild animals. It originally housed The Prisoners by Michelangelo
which are now in the Accademia Gallery. The third and furthest hall in the grotto
contains Giambologna's famous Bathing Venus and the second section contains
Paris and Helen
by Vincenzo de' Rossi. These last two chambers were created as
the perfect setting for the secretive, amorous meetings of the Duke Francesco I
de’ Medici.
Giardino de Boboli, Neptunfontena (6.4.2015)
More than a garden, more than just a
“green lung” in Florence, the Boboli
gardens are one of the greatest open-air museums in Florence that embraces
another site of culture in Florence, the Pitti Palace. The park hosts centuries-old oak
trees, sculptures, fountains and offers
peaceful shelter from the warm Florentine
sun in summer, the beautiful colors of the changing foliage in the fall and smells of blooming flowers in the spring. The Boboli gardens are a spectacular example of
"green architecture" decorated with
sculptures and the prototype which inspired many European Royal gardens, in particular, Versailles

Utsikt fra Piazzale Michelangelo (6.4.2015)

Utsikt fra Piazzale Michelangelo (6.4.2015)
Designed in 1869 by Florentine architect Giuseppe Poggi, Piazzale Michelangelo offers
panoramic views of Florence and the Arno valley and is a popular spot with locals and tourists
Chiantiområdet i Toscana. Bildet er tatt fra vingården Panzanello 6.4.2015
Chianti er absolutt det mest kjente
navnet i Toscana, og det er ingen
vinentusiast som ikke har hørt eller
smakt noen av disse røde vinene. De
har krysset en lang vei – fra å være en
vanlig vin, servert til spaghetti eller
annen pasta, til å bli eksklusive røde
viner som vanligvis serveres til
spesielle anledninger.

Vintønner på vingården Riseccoli

The Chianti area in Tuscany is one of the most beautiful in the whole region, as well as the most well-known and appreciated by visitors from across the world.

The borders of the Chianti region are not clearly defined but in general it extends over the provinces of Florence and Siena, covering all of the area between the two cities and extending to the east toward the Valdarno and to the west to the Val d'Elsa. The Chianti wine area extends further beyond the two cities, all around Florence and even toward Arezzo, Pistoia and Montepulciano.

Solnedgang i Toscana 2013

På Piazza della Signoria 5.4.2015
Nettuno (1575) by Ammannati celebrates the Medici's maritime ambitions and Giambologna's equestrian statue of Duke Cosimo I (1595) is an elegant portrait of
the man who brought all of Tuscany under Medici military rule.

Piazza della Repubblica

Ferien avsluttes i Roma
Pizza servert på Piazza della Repubblica
Romaturene avsluttes her på Piazza della Repubblica   (8.3.2010)
Vi besøker plassen ganske ofte ellers også.
Plassen kalles også Piazza Esedra, på grunn av formen til en eksedra
(et halvsirkelformet rom)


Tekst fra Gyldendals Reiseguider, Roma

                                           Firenze, solnedgang