tilbake til 1. side

Sør-Afrika,  Lesotho,  Zambia  og  Botswana

14. mars til 30. mars 2017

Franschhoek, Stellenbosch, Cape Town: Table Mountain, Robben Islandbysentrum,
Shipwreck trail, Cape of Good Hope, Cape Point, Simonstown med pingviner
township, (Langa, Khayelitscha og en til)
Durban, Sani Valley, Nelson Mandela Capture SiteNambiti private game reserve, Springbok Lodge, Soweto

Lesotho: Sani Pass

Zambia: Livingstone med kirkebesøk i pinsemenighetenZambezi-elva og Victoria Falls

Grensen mellom Zambia og Botswana:
Kazungula

Botswana: Kasane med Chobe National Park

På denne turen reiste vi med Smartreiser,  samme selskapet som vi
reiste med til Qatar og Nepal.
Vi var veldig fornøyd da, og er det etter denne turen også.


Det er fint om jeg får beskjed om feil og/eller mangler  grete@emblemsvaag.no

Tirsdag 14. mars 2017

Først buss og tog til Gardermoen.
Så med SAS til London,
Heathrow, så videre til
Johannesburg med South
African Airways, så fra
Johannesburg til
Cape Town med South
African Airways.
Fra Cape town kjørte vi buss
til Franschhoek og var der den
første natta i Sør-Afrika.

London_Heathrow
Flyet vi skulle ha fra Heathrow til Johannesburg


Onsdag 15. mars 2017


 South-African-Airways
Etter en lang natt er vi over Victoriafallene. Heldigvis ikke så langt igjen
South-African-Airways

Soloppgang over sørlige Afrika
South-African-Airways
Ukuhamba Kukubona
Fra dagsprogrammet:
Vi lander  ca kl 1115 og blir møtt av våre sørafrikanske medhjelpere og
setter kursen direkte mot vinland og Franschhoek - opprinnelig kjent som
"Olivants Hoek" etter elefantene som slo seg ned her. Mellom 1688 og 1690
ble området gitt til 200 hugenotter som hadde flyktet fra forfølgelse i Frankrike.

South-Africa_Franschhoek_Nelson-Mandela
Første stopp på turen var ved
Nelson Mandelastatuen
utenfor Franschhoek


The Drakenstein Correctional
Centre, just outside
Franschhoek, is where
former President Nelson
Mandela walked out a free
man in 1990, after spending
27 years behind bars.

He spent the last 14 months
of his prison sentence in a
warder’s cottage on the prison
grounds, and was released

on 11 February 1990.

http://blog.franschhoek.org.za/blog/entry/nelson-mandela-and-franschhoek-visit-the-drakenstein-correctional-centre

Franschhoek
South-Africa_Franschhoek_Protea-hotel
I Franschhoek bodde vi på
 Protea hotel.


Vi spiste lunsj der før vi gikk
ut for å se på byen.

Til høyre: Hugenottminnesmerket, hugenottene var de første europeerne som slo seg ned.


 

The Huguenot Memorial Monument in Franschhoek was inaugurated on April 17th, 1948. With its simplicity and elegance of line the monument displays a historic French character.The female figure, with the Bible in her right hand and broken chain in her left hand, personifies the spirit of religious freedom. The fleur-de-lis (French lily) on her robe represents a noble spirit and character. She discards the cloak of suppression to triumph above the earth globe in its own spiritual space. Her gaze is fixed on a majestic vision of coming things. On the portrayed 
Hugenot-Monumentet
 South-Africa_Franschhoek_Hugenotmonumentet
Southernmost point of Africa to where the frail ships transported the Huguenots, the symbols of their religion (the Bible), art and culture (the harp), the agriculture and viticulture (the sheaf of corn and grape vine) and industry (spinning wheel) are portrayed. 
The three lofty arches is a symbol of the Holy Trinity. Above it the Sun of Righteousness shines, and above that the Cross as symbol of Christian faith is mounted. The water pond, reflecting the colonnade behind it, expresses the undisturbed tranquility of mind and spiritual peace the Huguenots experienced after much conflict and strife. http://www.hugenoot.org.za/huge2.htm



 South-Africa_Franschhoek_church
Hugenottenes, og områdets første kirke. Ganske enkel i eksteriør og interiør

Vi spiste lunsj på hotellet.
Etterpå tok vi en tur i byen
Franschhoek.

In the village you will find wonderful
crafts, art and antique shops and galleries.
The main street is lined with coffee shops
and restaurants. Only 45 minutes from
Cape Town Franschhoek is the ideal base
while you explore the entire Cape
winelands.
http://franschhoek.org.za/about-franschhoek/

South-Africa_Franschhoek
Han personlig
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk, Dutch Reformed Church
The oldes portion of this church was erected in 1846 - 1847
and inaugurated on 18. april 1847. The northern and southern wings
were added in 1883.
National Monuments Council 1978

South-Africa_Franschhoek
Vi tester de lokale ølet.
South-Africa_Franschhoek


  South-Africa_Franschhoek_skulptur_krokodille hugenott?

 South-Africa_Franschhoek
Utsikt fra Haute Cabriere

Dagen ble avsluttet med god mat og godt drikke
på restauranten Haute Cabriere.


Franschhoek’s iconic Haute Cabrière Restaurant & Terrace is well known for
its unique location and breathtaking views. Set into the Franschhoek
Mountain and overlooking the Valley, the soaring arches and the view over the cathedral-like Pinot Noir Barrel Maturation Cellar below offer an experience
which is not to be missed. On sunny days, guests can enjoy the beautiful vistas
over Franschhoek from the terrace, while on cool days a roaring fire creates
a cosy atmosphere.


Torsdag 16. mars 2017

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Vi blir hentet på hotellet og tatt med
på besøk til en vingård hvor vi får innføring i Sør-Afrikansk vin.
Vin er en av Sør-Afrikas stoltheter
og landet har sin egen drue, pinotage, som benyttes av mange vingårder.

South-Africa_Franschhoek

Vi besøker to ulike vingårder med vinsmaking på formiddagen og avslutter oppholdet i vinland med utsøkt lunsj på en av gårdene.
Ut på formiddagen kjører vi inn til Cape Town, en kort tur på bare ca 80 km.

Vi avslutter dagen med fantastisk utsikt over byen på toppen av det 1000 meter høye Table Mountain, Cape Towns landemerke. Table Mountain er oppført på UNESCOs verdensarvliste og er hjem til 1470 ulike plantearter.

Vi overnatter på City Lodge Hotel (16-20 mars)


 

 South-Africa_Franschhoek_Proea-hotel
Protea hotel Franschhoek
Hagen er gjort klar for en ny dag.

 South-Africa_Franschoek
Ankomst vingården Boschendal

Agriculture and a simple farm lifestyle is at the heart of Boschendal.
One of the oldest farms in South Africa, founded 1685, the farm has grown
with the passing centuries into a cherished source of wholesome produce,
great wines and happy memories.
    http://www.boschendal.com/

 South-Africa_Boschendal
Fra vingården der vi fikk smake, og handle

 South-Africa_Boschendal

 South-Africa_Boschendal
South-Africa_Boschendal
Vi fikk smake fem viner
Blanc de Noir, le Bouquet, Shiraz og Chardonnay, Sommelier Selection Pinotage
South-Africa_Boschendal_wine-tram
Den grønne bussen: www.winetram.co.za.
den andre bussen er vår.


Stellenbosch

The Kruithuis with its barrel vault was
built as arsenal for the Council of Policy
by the mason Michael Rambusch in 1777. 
It is the only monument in Stellenbosch
bearing the monogram of The Dutch East
India Company: VGOC (Vereenighde
Geoctroijeerde Oostindische Compagnie), reminding "us of the long uninterrupted
period of 116 years during which Stellenbosch
fell under the control of the Chartered East
India Company. For years after it had stopped fulfilling its original function, the Kruithuis
was used as a market building. 
   South-Africa_Stellenbosch_krutthus
It is said that even slaves were sold by auction here."
Ters van Huyssteen, Footloose in
Stellenbosch.

It is now a museum.


 South-Africa_Stellenbosch
South-Africa_Stellenbosch
South-Africa_Stellenbosch
Laget av slike perler som brukes i barnehaver
Markedet der km ble fristet til å kjøpe skjorten. Til over dobbel pris av det
en annen i følget betale på et annet marked, men skitt au,
det var billigere enn det ville kostet i en norsk butikk.

Stellenbosch (/ˈstɛlənbɒʃ/; Afrikaans: [ˈstɛlənbɔs])is a town in the Western Cape province of
S
outh Africa
, situated about 50 kilometres (31 miles) east of Cape Town, along the banks of the
Eerste Rive
r
. It is the second oldest European settlement in the province, after Cape Town.
The town became known as the City of Oaks or Eikestad in Afrikaans and Dutch due to the large
number of oak trees that were planted by its founder, Simon van der Stel, to grace the streets and homesteads.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellenbosch

 
Universitetet i Stellenbosch regnes som et av de beste i Afrika.

 South-Africa_Stellenbosch

 South-Africa_Stellenbosch
Avontuur Estate

Her spiste vi først lunsj. Etterpå ble det mer vinsmaking.
South-Africa
flaskekosttre

Family: Myrtaceae (mir-TAY-see-ee))
Genus: Callistemon (kal-lis-STEE-mon)


South-Africa
South-Africa
God lunsj på Avontuur Estate
Cape Town
 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_utsikt_Lions-Head
Startpunkt for gondolheisen til Table Mountain

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
Table Mountain is South Africa’s best-known landmark, but what many don’t
know is that it is also a hiker’s paradise with numerous trails, amazing views
and plenty of interesting facts to learn. Oh, and it's part of a national park.
And all this in the heart of the M
other City.


Table Mountain was declared a New7Wonder of Nature in 2011.

http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-table-mountain

The other 6 is: Rainforest Amazonas (Brasil), Iguazu-falls (Brasil-Argentina),
Komodo (Indonesia), Puerto Princesa (Filippinene), Halong Bay (Vietnam)
og Jeju Island (Sør-Korea) .
List from 1997: Aurora Borealis, Grand Canyon (USA), Great Barrier Reef,
Harbour of Rio de Janeiro (Brasil), Mount Everest, Paricutin (vulkan i Mexico)
og Victoria Falls (Zambia-Zimbabwe).
The Table Mountain Aerial Cableway was the solution to the arduous walk and
climb to the top. Since its opening in 1929, more than 22 million people have
taken the trip to the top of Table Mountain. The new cableway was upgraded
and officially reopened on 4 October 1997.
http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-table-mountain

  South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_fra_gondolen
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain

A Norwegian engineer, Trygve Stromsoe, presented
plans for a cableway in 1926, and construction began
soon after with the formation of the Table Mountain
Aerial Cableway Company (TMACC). Construction of
was completed in 1929 at a cost of GB£60,000

(equivalent to £11,400,000 in 2011 pounds) and
the cableway was opened on October 4, 1929, by the

Mayor of Cape Town
 AJS Lewis. The cableway has been upgraded three times since then. Sir David Graaff, a
leading industrialist, former mayor of Cape Town and government minister, also invested heavily in the project.


In 1993, the son of one of the founders sold the TMACC and the new owners took charge of
upgrading the cableway. In 1997, the cableway was reopened after extensive renovations,
and new cars were introduced

The "Rotair" cableway was installed in 1997, the design being based on the Titlis Rotair cableway in Engelberg, Switzerland. Each car carries 65 passengers (compared to 25 for the old cars),
and runs on a double cable making them more stable in high winds, giving a faster journey of
4–5 minutes to the summit. The floors of the cars rotate through 360 degrees during the ascent
or descent, giving passengers a panoramic view.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_Mountain_Aerial_Cableway

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_mot_Lions-Head
Lion's Head is a mountain in Cape Town, South Africa, between Table Mountain and Signal Hill. Lion's Head peaks at 669 metres (2,195 ft) above sea
level. The peak forms part of a dramatic backdrop to the city of Cape Town and
is part of the Table Mountain National Park. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lion%27s_Head_(Cape_Town)


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
Utsikt fra Table Mountain
Klippegrevling
On your visit to Table Mountain you will definitely encounter the rock hyrax, a
small furry diurnal animal belonging to
the Provavidae family, more commonly
known as a dassie. Although it resembles
a small rabbit, the dassie is actually a
hoofed mammal related to the elephant.
It has a short, furry body with short hoofed legs and a small tail. Thanks to special pads
on the soles of its damp feet, which act as suction cups on rocky surfaces, the dassie
is an agile climber. 
http://www.tablemountain.net/blog/entry/table-mountain-for-nature-lovers

Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_kappklippegrevling

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
Cape-Town_Table-Mountain

Undres hva de ser, over de høye kanter?

Jeg tror det er en kappgrevling.



 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain

Many locals and overseas visitors take the challenge of hiking up the mountain for granted. On numerous occasions, I`ve come across people wearing inappropriate hiking gear such as, slippers and denim jeans. Often people would start a hike, late afternoon, on a windy day, and there`s no guarantee that the Table Mountain Aerial Cableway would be operating once they reach the top.

The ignorance of some visitors who hike up the mountain, has lead to many unfortunate incidents over the years. In 2009 there were 15 reported deaths on Table Mountain, and 9 reported so far during 2010. Table Mountain is reportedly more dangerous than Mount Everest!  https://www.awoltours.co.za/blog/2010/07/14/table-mountain-the-worlds-most-underestimated-mountain/

  South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
Kappkråke

The Cape crow or black crow (Corvus capensis) is slightly larger (48–50 cm in length) than the carrion crow and is completely black with a slight gloss of
purple in its feathers. It has
proportionately longer legs, wings and
tail too and has a much longer, slimmer
bill that seems to be adapted for probing
into the ground for invertebrates.
The head feathers have a
coppery-purple gloss and the throat
feathers are quite long and fluffed out
in some calls and displays.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_crow


South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_firfisle
The lizards most commonly spotted on Table Mountain are the southern rock agama, the black girdled lizard and the Cape skink. The male agama is a particularly interesting sight during mating season, when its head turns bright blue.  http://www.tablemountain.net/blog/entry/table-mountain-for-nature-lovers

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_red-wing
Rødvingestær

The red-winged starling (Onychognathus morio) is a bird of the starling family Sturnidae native to eastern Africa from Ethiopia to the Cape in South Africa. It is known in Afrikaans as the rooivlerkspreeu, and as iSomi in Xhosa and Zulu.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red-winged_starling


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront_clocktower

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
The Victorian Gothic-style Clock Tower is an icon of the old Cape Town harbour.
 It was the original Port Captain's Office built in 1882. The pointed Gothic windows
surrounds the structure with a clock, imported from Edinburgh, as a main feature.
The red walls are the same colour as they were in the 1800's, having been carefully
matched to scrapings of the original paint.
On the second floor is a decorative mirror room which alowed the captain an overall
view of harbour activities.
On the ground floor is a tidal gauge mechanism which was used to check the level of the
tide for ships entering or leaving the docks.
The Clock Tower has begun to lean to one side, obout 50 mm. This has since been arrested.
The tower has been a focal point in the Victoria & Alfred Waterfronts urban renewal.
http://www.cape-town-heritage.co.za/heritage-site/clock-tower.html

The V&A Waterfront is situated in the oldest working harbour in South Africa. With Table
Mountain as its backdrop and extensive views of the ocean, the V&A boasts 22 heritage sites
across the property. The mixed-used property, at a size of 123-hectares is home to different experiences which range from leisure and shopping to family entertainment. In addition, the
V&A also includes residential and commercial property.

Developed in 1988 by the state owned Transnet, the V&A is now owned by Growthpoint and the Government Employees Pension Fund (GEPF), represented by the Public Investment Corporation Limited (PIC). Contributing R259.1 billion in nominal terms to the South African economy over
the last twelve years, the V&A Waterfront’s cumulative contribution to the provincial GGP
since 2002 was over R227 billion. Total visitor numbers have grown to 24 million a year by
2014 (at year end). Although the V&A Waterfront remains South Africa’s favourite tourist
attraction for international tourists they account for only 23% of all visitors. Visits by locals
increased to 63%, while 14% of visitors were from upcountry.

The V&A forms part of the Cape Town Big 7, one destination comprising of 7 memorable
experiences. Other partners of the Cape Town Big 7 include Cape Point, Groot Constantia,
Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, Robben Island, Table Mountain Cableway and
City Walk.  http://www.waterfront.co.za/tourismtoolkit

Fredag 17. mars 2017

Fra dagsprogrammet: Vi starter dagen med båttur til den kjente fangeøya  Robben Island, hvor Nelson Mandela sonet mesteparten av sin tid i fengsel.
Han ble løslatt i februar 1990 og i 1996 ble Robben Island museet etablert
som et nasjonalmonument og et nasjonalt museum. Guidene på øya er
tidligere politiske fanger og turen er derfor garantert å gjøre et inntrykk
på alle de besøkende.

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront_clocktower

 South_Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront_Jester
Dagen startet med tett tåke. Båtturen ut til Robben Island som skulle ta
30 minutter til over dobbelt så lang tid.

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront_Sea-Pride
SeaPride
South_Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront_Sikhululekile
Sikhululekile, en av båtene som
går til Robben Island


South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Tåka ligger tjukk i Cape Town havn.

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
"Berlevåg" bølgebryter
Robben Island is a complex, sensitive eco-system and as such is protected by South
African Law as a nature conservation area. In addition to this it is designated a
World Heritage Site and has to balance additional stringent conservation requirements
in line with RIM’s mission of ensuring public access to the Island’s heritage. The Island’s
complex and sensitive ecosystem includes Birdlife, Natural Vegetation, Marine and
Wildlife, Geology and Cultural Conservation sites. http://www.robben-island.org.za/learn#conservation
Now, Robben Island is a World Heritage Site and museum, offering daily tours.
The tour begins at the Nelson Mandela Gateway at the V&A Waterfront with a multimedia
exhibition, museum shop and restaurant, after which, guests hop onto the ferry for a scenic
trip to the island. Once on Robben Island itself, the tour is guided by a former political
prisoner of the island, for unique and incomparable insights into the island’s history. http://www.capetown.travel/products/robben-island-museum

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
The island was also used as a leper colony and animal quarantine station. Starting in 1845 lepers from the Hemel-en-Aarde (heaven and earth) leper colony near Caledon were moved to Robben Island when Hemel-en-Aarde was found unsuitable as a leper colony. Initially this was done on a voluntary basis and the lepers were free to leave the island if they so wished. In April 1891 the cornerstones for 11 new buildings to house lepers were laid. 
After the introduction of the Leprosy Repression Act in May 1892 admission was no longer voluntary and the movement of the lepers was restricted. Prior to 1892 an average of about 25 lepers a year were admitted to Robben Island, but in 1892 that number rose to 338, and in
1893 a further 250 were admitted.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robben_Island

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island

Due to the maritime danger that Robben Island
presents to shipping, Jan van Riebeeck, the first
Dutch colonial administrator in Cape Town in the
1650s, ordered that huge bonfires were to be lit at
night on top of Fire Hill, the highest point on the
island (now Minto Hill). These were to warn VOC
ships approaching the island.

In 1865 Robben Island lighthouse was completed
on Minto Hill.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robben_Island


South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Lagdelte bergarter, det er det mye av

Robben Island (Afrikaans: Robbeneiland) is an island in Table Bay, 6.9 km west of the coast of BloubergstrandCape Town, South Africa. The name is Dutch for "seal island."
Robben Island is roughly oval in shape, 3.3 km long north-south, and 1.9 km wide, with an
area of 5.07 km². It is flat and only a few metres above sea level, as a result of an ancient
erosion event. Nobel Laureate and former President of South Africa Nelson Mandela was
imprisoned there for 18 of the 27 years he served behind bars before the fall of apartheid.
To date, three of the former inmates of Robben Island have gone on to become President
of South Africa: Nelson Mandela, Kgalema Motlanthe, and current President Jacob Zuma.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robben_Island


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Vi ser fra Robben Island til Table Mountain. Tåka holder på å forsvinne.

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Fra ferga går man over i bussene og får en guida tur rundt på øye.
With the end of apartheid, the island has become a popular destination with global tourists. It is managed by Robben Island Museum (RIM); which operates the site as a living museum. In 1999 the island was declared a World Heritage Site. Every year thousands of visitors take the ferry from the Victoria & Alfred Waterfront in Cape Town for tours of the island and its former prison. Many of the guides are former prisoners. All land on the island is owned by the state of South Africa with the exception of the island church. It is open all year around, weather permitting.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robben_Island
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Celle i fenglet
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Mandelas celle


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Mye piggtråd rundt fengselsområdet


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
South-Africa_Cape-Town
Fra havnen i Water front

 

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
Lunsj i Waterfront
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
Etter lunsjen tok vi en rusletur i Cape Town sentrum.

Cape Town (Afrikaans: Kaapstad [ˈkɑːpstat]; Xhosa: Ikapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
It is the second-most populous urban area in South Africa after Johannesburg. It is also the
capital and primate city of the Western Cape province.

As the seat of the Parliament of South Africa, it is also the legislative capital of the country.
It forms part of the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality. The city is famous for its harbour,
for its natural setting in the Cape Floristic Region, and for such well-known landmarks as Table Mountain and Cape Point.

The earliest known remnants in the region were found at Peers Cave in Fish Hoek and date to between
15,000 and 12,000 years ago.

According to the South African National Census of 2011, the population of the City of
Cape Town metropolitan municipality – an area that includes suburbs and exurbs not always
considered as part of Cape Town – is 3,740,026 people.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_Town


Rusletur i bysentrum

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_old_City-Hall_og_Cable-Mountain
Built in 1905, the City Hall was conceived as the centre of city administration, it was the
pride and joy of then-mayor Hymie Lieberman with its beautiful mosaic floors, marble
staircases and stained glass windows.

Since then the City Hall has become primarily known as a cultural venue, already home
to the Cape Town Philharmonic Orchestra for decades. Besides music concerts, key cultural
events include the Spier Contemporary, Toffie Pop Culture Festival, Sonar at Design Indaba,
Pan African Space Station, Gordon Institute for Performing and Contemporary Arts
happenings and, of course, the City Hall Sessions. http://www.creativecapetown.com/city-hall-sessions/more-about-cape-town-city-hall/

South-Africa_Cape-Town
South-Africa_Cape-Town

Monument to
Robert Falcon Scott

Over til venstre: Mythological Landscape
A celebration of diversity
Sculptured by: John Skotnes



South-Africa_Cape-Town

Built between 1666 and 1679, the Castle is known
as the oldest surviving building in South Africa and
has been the centre of civilian, political and military life at the Cape from approximately 1679.

In its current state, the Castle arguably represents
one of the best preserved 17th century DEIC architecture on the entire globe.  
The 2015 – 2016 renovation of the Castle – the first
in 20 years – will further enhance its appeal and position it well to become South Africa’s next
UNESCO World Heritage Site. http://www.castleofgoodhope.co.za/a-short-history-of-the-castle-of-good-hope/


 

Captain Robert Falcon Scott, CVO, RN (6 June 1868 – c. 29 March 1912) was a British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions: the Discovery Expedition, 1901–04, and the ill-fated Terra Nova Expedition, 1910–13. (Wikipedia)

Transcription of inscription in V-cut letters on polished granite on front face of Memorial:

"HAD WE LIVED, I SHOULD HAVE HAD A TALE TO TELL OF THE HARDIHOOD, ENDURANCE, AND COURAGE OF MY COMPANIONS WHICH WOULD HAVE STIRRED THE HEART OF EVERY ENGLISHMAN. THESE ROUGH NOTES AND OUR DEAD BODIES MUST TELL THE TALE." SCOTT'S DIARY

Transcription of engraved rectangular bronze plaques on side of Memorial:

English:

REPLICA OF THE MEMORIAL UNVEILED NEAR
THIS SPOT ON 15TH MAY 1916

THE ORIGINAL MADE OF ELANDS RIVER STONE
WAS IRREPARABLY DAMAGED IN JUNE 1948


http://www.artefacts.co.za/main/Buildings/bldgframes.php?bldgid=6747


 South-Africa_Cape-Town
Blomstermarkedet i Cape Town
South-Africa_Cape-Town
South-Africa_Cape-Town
Fra vm i fotball?
The Adderley Street Flower Market is a lively place to walk through in downtown Cape Town.
The market itself has been in its current location—tucked in an alleyway called
Trafalgar Place—for at least 100 years. Passing through the market is not only an
interesting cultural connection (most sellers are of Malay origin), but it also gives you an
opportunity to buy a small gift if you're visiting friends or staying with hosts.
You'll find all different kinds of indigenous flowers and fynbos here; the protea and pincushion varieties are especially pretty. https://www.afar.com/places/adderley-street-flower-market-cape-town

According to the University of the Western Cape's Botany Department, 'Protea is the name given in 1735 by Linnaeus, the father of classification and botanical nomenclature. Some plants from the Cape were sent to him and he was evidently so impressed (or confused) by what he saw that he resorted to the name of the Greek god, Proteus, who could at will change his form 'to those of beasts who will mock your grasp'.  http://www.southafrica.net/blog/en/posts/entry/cape-towns-proteas

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
Selene har funnet seg en friplass midt i havna, til glede for turister med kamera


The seals of South Africa : Seals belong to the order Pinnipedia of which there are
33 species worldwide. These fall into two categories. Fur seals – Otariidae – or
sea lions, have external ears and hind limbs that can be rotated forward to allow
them to walk and climb on land. True seals – Phocidae – have hind limbs that cannot
be rotated forward and have no external ears. Only one species, the cape fur seal is
resident in South Africa. Other species occasionally occur as vagrants.
http://www.oceansafrica.com/seals-of-south-africa/

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
Over: kapproingstrening
Til venstre: et yndet fotopunkt, det var kø for å slippe til.


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
4 fredsprisvinnere fra Sør-Afrika
Albert Lutuli 1960 Albert Lutuli Peace His role in the non-violent struggle against apartheid
Desmond Tutu 1984 Desmond Tutu Peace His work against apartheid
FW de Klerk 1993 FW de Klerk Peace His efforts to reform South Africa
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela 1993 Nelson Mandela Peace For his efforts to dismantle apartheid

 












http://about-south-africa.com/home/culture/nobel-prize-winners

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront

Bøttekunst i Waterfront

 

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
En bra middag på en forholdsvis pen og rolig restaurant med navnet Karibu

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
Kanalbruen, ble svingt til side når båter skulle passere
Lørdag 18. mars 2017

Busstur til Shipwrecktrail, Kapp det Gode håp, Cape Point og Simonstown

For vi startet bussturen fikk vi møte Christo Brand på hotellet vi bodde.
Han hadde vært fangevokter for Nelson Mandela.
Christo Brand hadde skrevet en bok om tiden med Mandela: "DoingLife with Mandela". Han hadde selvfølgelig med boka, og han fikk solgt en del eksemplarer.
Christo Brand was a South African farm boy, born into the Afrikaans culture which had
created apartheid to persecute black people and claim superiority for whites.
Nelson Mandela, also raised in a rural village, was the black son of a tribal chief.
He trained as a lawyer to take up the fight against apartheid on behalf of a whole nation.
Their opposing worlds collided when Christo, a raw recruit from the country's prison service,
was sent to Robben Island to guard the notoriously dangerous terrorists there. Mandela was
their undisputed leader. The two of them, a boy of 18 and a long-suffering freedom fighter
then aged 60, could well have become bitter enemies. Instead, they formed an extraordinary friendship through small human kindnesses.  https://www.amazon.com/Mandela-My-Prisoner-Friend/dp/1782197435

South-Africa_Cape-Town_lighthouse
South-Africa_Cape-Town_strand

This lighthouse was designed and built by a German stone-dresser and architect called Herman Schutte. It was commissioned by the acting governor of the Cape, Sir Rufane Donkin, and building began in 1821.

Still spilling its bright beams of light onto the sea and sending its foghorn signals out in
foul weather, the Green Point lighthouse has been saving lives and ships for nearly
2 centuries. As the gold standard of South African lighthouses, it has also served as a
training centre for light-keepers. http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-green-point-lighthouse-cape-town


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_strand
Chapmans Peak

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Chapmans-Peak-Drive
Chapmans Peak Drive synes så vidt i fjellsida.

 South-Africa_Chapmans-Peak-Drive
Denne snirkleveien, omtrent hugget ut i fjellsiden, knapt nok bred nok for sykkel,
og med meget løst og oppsprukket fjell over.
Ligger på 5 på topp over mine farligste bussturer


Chapman’s Peak Drive

In 1915, with the use of convict labour supplied by the newly formed Union Government, construction began from the Hout Bay end, and in the following year work began from Noordhoek. The first portion of the road to the Lookout was opened in 1919.

This spectacular roadway took seven years to complete, at a cost of ₤20 000. The Hout Bay - NoordHoek Road ‘hewn out of the stone face of Sheer Mountain’ was opened to traffic on Saturday 6 May 1922 by the Governor of the Union of South Africa, His Royal Highness Prince Arthur of Connaught.

In 1962 a section of the road was widened, and in 1977 a portion of road was washed away, and subsequently the road was closed on 14 May, after a large section was washed away and the damaged section was replaced by a bridge at a cost of R150 000.

On 29 December 1999 however, a falling rock caused the unfortunate death of a Noordhoek resident. In early January 2000, Ms Lara Callige was killed, and a passenger in the same car seriously injured in a rockfall incident on Chapman’s Peak Drive in good weather conditions when the rockfall risk on the road was not considered to be high. This was of serious concern to the local and provincial authorities alike and emergency meetings to discuss closure of Chapman’s Peak Drive were held between the relevant political bodies. Before a decision could be taken on the matter, and still in January 2000, the worst mountain fires in many decades raged in the Cape Peninsula, including in the mountains above Chapman’s Peak Drive, causing numerous rockfalls onto the road and effectively rendering the road impassable.

As a result of these incidents Chapman’s Peak Drive was officially closed to traffic indefinitely by the Provincial Minister of Transport in January 2000.

The much loved road was back in the news when Chapman’s Peak Drive was once again declared unsafe for road users in June 2008 and the drive was closed for major upgrades and repairs. The construction work took over a year and was eventually re-opened on the 9th October 2009. Chapman’s Peak Drive has remained open since then, albeit with temporary closures for routine maintenance and during dangerous weather conditionshttp://www.chapmanspeakdrive.co.za/the-drive/history.html

South-Africa
Karl Martin i døra på bussen
South-Africa_apekatter
The baboon, of all the primates in East Africa, most frequently interacts with people. Apart from humans, baboons are the most adaptable of the ground-dwelling primates and live in a wide variety of habitats. Intelligent and crafty, they can be agricultural pests, so they are treated as vermin rather than wildlife.   http://www.outtoafrica.nl/animals/engbaboon.html

Shipwreck Trail
 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail

 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
Et øde og kjedelig område, minnet mye om det ut mot kysten på Sunnmøre
South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
Vi gikk og gikk. Både over steiner og
langs fine strender. En fin tur, men
skulle ha hatt litt bedre tid.



 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail

 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
Jada, bølgen rakk opp i buksen, lærer aldri

 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail

Thomas T. Tucker SS (Hull Number 269) was a Liberty ship, built by The Houston
Shipbuilding Corporation for service as a troop & weapons carrier.
Liberty ships were named after prominent (deceased) Americans, starting with
Patrick Henry and the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
She was named after Thomas Tudor Tucker, an American physician and politician
from Charleston, South Carolina.
She ran aground off Oliphantsbos Point, near Cape Point, on November 27, 1942
during heavy fog while on her maiden voyage from New Orleans to Suez.

German U-Boats actively patrolled the South African coast during
World War II.
This resulted in the Thomas T. Tucker sailing close to the coast when the sea was rough.
The captain misjudged the ship´s location because of the heavy fog, assuming they were
close to Robben Island. Thinking they were not far from Cape Town, her crew relaxed and
later the she ran aground. After an investigation it was discovered that the ship´s compass
was out by 37°, although no conclusive reason was found for the incident.
http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?136681

 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail

 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
South-Africa_Cape-of-Good-Hope_bontebok
Bontebok and blesbok are two similar but distinct antelope species that came close to extinction. These colourful beasts – especially the bontebok – owe their continued existence to a few stubborn landowners, some fences
and one of the first examples of a South
African conservation ethic.
In fact, the fence that saved the last 17 bontebok on Earth still stands near the southern Cape town of Arniston. It was
built by a farmer, Alexander van der Bijl,
in 1837.  http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-bontebok-and-blesbok


The Cape of Good Hope (Afrikaans: Kaap die Goeie Hoop [ˌkɑːp di ˌχujə ˈɦʊəp], Dutch: Kaap de Goede Hoop
[ˌkaːb də ˌɣudə ˈɦoːp] ( listen), Portuguese: Cabo da Boa Esperança [ˈkabu dɐ ˈboɐ ʃpɨˈɾɐ̃sɐ]) is a rocky
headland on the Atlantic coast of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa.

There is a common misconception that the Cape of Good Hope is the southern tip of Africa, a misconception developed prior to contemporary scientific knowledge that was based on the belief that the Cape was the
dividing point between that the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. In fact, the southernmost point of Africa is
Cape Agulhas, about 150 kilometres (90 mi) to the east-southeast. The currents of the two oceans meet at
the point where the warm-water Agulhas current meets the cold water Benguela current and turns back on
itself—a point that fluctuates between Cape Agulhas and Cape Point (about 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) east
of the Cape of Good Hope).

When following the western side of the African coastline from the equator, however, the Cape of Good Hope
marks the point where a ship begins to travel more eastward than southward. Thus, the first modern rounding
of the cape in 1488 by Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias was a milestone in the attempts by the Portuguese
to establish direct trade relations with the Far East (although Herodotus mentioned a claim that the Phoenicians had done so far earlier). Dias called the cape Cabo das Tormentas ("Cape of Storms"; Dutch: Stormkaap), which was the original name of the "Cape of Good Hope".
It was later renamed
by John II of Portugal as "Cape of Good Hope" (Cabo da Boa Esperança) because of the great optimism
engendered by the opening of a sea route to India and the East.
   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_of_Good_Hope

Kapp det Gode Håp

 South-Africa_Cape-of-Good-Hope
Grete på fotopunktet på Kapp det Gode Håp

   South-Africa_Cape-of-Good-Hope
Karl Martin samme sted.

The Cape of Good Hope is at the southern tip of the Cape Peninsula, about 2.3 kilometres (1.4 mi)
west and a little south of Cape Point on the south-east corner. Cape Town is about 50 kilometres to the
north of the Cape, in Table Bay at the north end of the peninsula. The peninsula forms the western
boundary of False Bay. Geologically, the rocks found at the two capes, and indeed over much of the
peninsula, are part of the Cape Supergroup, and are formed of the same type of sandstones as Table Mountain itself. Both the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Point offer spectacular scenery; the whole of
the southernmost portion of the Cape Peninsula is a wild, rugged, scenic and generally unspoiled
national park.

The term the Cape has also been used in a wider sense, to indicate the area of the European colony
centred on Cape Town, and the later South African province. Since 1994, it has been broken up into
three smaller provinces: the Western Cape, Eastern Cape and Northern Cape; parts of the province
were also absorbed into the North West. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_of_Good_Hope

  • Legends
  • Adamastor is a Greek-type mythological character invented by the Portuguese poet Luís de Camões in his epic poem Os Lusíadas (first printed in 1572), as a symbol of the forces of nature Portuguese navigators had to overcome during their discoveries and more specifically of the dangers Portuguese sailors faced when trying to round the Cape of Storms.
  • The Cape of Good Hope is the legendary home of The Flying Dutchman. Crewed by tormented and damned ghostly sailors, it is doomed forever to beat its way through the adjacent waters without ever succeeding in rounding the headland.

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_of_Good_Hope
Cape Point
        South-Africa_Cape-Point
South-Africa_Cape-Point
Over: Bra øl, elendig mat, men ligger man bra
plassert er det greit, det er neppe noen som
kommer flere ganger

Til høyre: fin spasertur opp til fyret


Restaurantens navn er Two Oceans

 South-Africa_Cape-Point

 South-Africa_Cape-Point
Sydpolen i det fjerne

 South-Africa_Cape-Point
Named the ‘Cape of Storms’ by Bartolomeu Dias in 1488; the ‘Point’ was treated with
respect by sailors for centuries. By day, it was a navigational landmark and by night,
and in fog, it was a menace beset by violent storms and dangerous rocks that over the
centuries littered shipwrecks around the coastline.

In 1859 the first lighthouse was completed; it still stands at 238 metres above sea-level
on the highest section of the peak and is now used as the centralised monitoring point for
all the lighthouses on the coast of South Africa. Access to this historical building
is by an exhilarating three-minute ride in the wheelchair-accessible Flying Dutchman
funicular that transfers visitors from the lower station at 127 metres above sea-level,
to the upper station
http://capepoint.co.za/about/

Cape Point is in the Cape of Good Hope nature reserve within Table Mountain National Park, 
which forms part of the Cape Floral Region, a World Heritage Site. It includes the majestic
Table Mountain chain, which stretches from Signal Hill to Cape Point, and the coastlines of
the Cape Peninsula. This narrow stretch of land, dotted with beautiful valleys, bays and
beaches, contains a mix of extraordinarily diverse and unique fauna and flora.
http://capepoint.co.za/about/

 South-Africa_Cape-Point
Det blåser på Cape Point, selv om dette vel ble regnet som en fin og rolig dag.

 South-Africa_Cape-Point

 South-Africa_Cape-Point

False Bay, dit mange skip ble "lurt" inn fordi skipperen trodde de hadde rundet Afrika. Pga av den fremherskende vind og strømretningen går det fort å seile inn, men det tok ofte ukevis å komme ut igjen. South-Africa_Cape-Point_False-Bay_Karl-Martin


Det tok seks år å bygge det nye fyret på Cape Point. Det nye fyret ligger i en lavere høyde (nærmere havet),
kun 87 moh, av to grunner. For det første kunne det gamle fyrtårnet sees «for tidlig» av skip som rundet av
mot øst, noe som førte til at de kom for nær land. For det andre er tåkeforholdene verre i større høyder,
noe som gjør det gamle fyrtårnet usynlig for skipstrafikk. Det gamle fyret var synlig bare i om lag 900 timer
i året. Den 18. april 1911 forliste det portugisiske skipet «Lusitania» – med over 700 mennesker
ombord – på Bellows Rock like sør for Cape Point nettopp på grunn av at fyret ikke var synlig,
noe som viste at flytting av fyrtårnet var nødvendig. Forøvrig må dette skipet ikke forveksles med
RMS «Lusitania», som ble senket av en tysk ubåt i 1915.

Det gamle fyret på Cape Point.
Det nye fyrtårnet.

Det nye fyret kan ikke sees fra vest før skipene er på trygg avstand i sør. Lyset i det nye fyret på Cape Point er det kraftigste på den sørafrikanske kysten, med en rekkevidde på 63 km og en intensitet på 10 megacandela i hvert blink.

Cape Point blir ofte feilaktig hevdet å være stedet hvor den kalde Benguelastrømmen i Atlanterhavet møter den varme Agulhasstrømmen i Indiahavet. Faktisk ligger møtestedet langs den sørlige og sørvestlige Cape-kysten, vanligvis mellom Cape Agulhas og Cape Point. De to kolliderende havstrømmene bidrar til å skape mikroklima i Cape Town og omegn. I motsetning til hva kjent mytologi hevder lager møtestedet for de strømmene ingen åpenbare visuelle effekter. Det er ingen «linje i havet» der havet endrer farge eller ser annerledes på noen måte. Det oppstår imidlertid sterke og farlige dønninger, tidevann og strømmer ved møtestedet og i tilstøtende farvann. Disse urolige farvannene har forårsaket utallige katastrofer til havs i århundrene siden skipene begynte å seile forbi her.

Det er godt fiske langs kysten, men de uforutsigbare dønningene gjør fisking fra svabergene svært farlig. Opp gjennom tiden har mange fiskere blitt blåst til sine død fra svabergene av store bølger. False Bay, som åpner opp i øst og nord for Cape Point, er stedet for den velkjente marinehavnen i Simonstown. Bukta er også kjent – eller beryktet – for sine store hvithaier, som jakter på sørafrikansk pelsseler som lever i området. Bukta som ligger øst for Cape Point, False Bay, holder alltid en høyere vanntemperatur enn den vestlige sjøsiden.  https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_Point


 South-Africa_Cape-Point

South-Africa_Cape-Point
The Flying Dutchman Funicular

Apart from offering visitors an exciting and novel method of travel, taking the Flying Dutchman funicular saves visitors an uphill walk from the car park to see the old lighthouse and enjoy the panoramic views.

The Flying Dutchman Funicular, also known as the Cape Point Funicular, is a funicular railway 

located  at Cape Point. It is believed to be the only commercial funicular of its type in Africa,
and takes its name from the local legend of the Flying Dutchman ghost ship.

The line runs from a lower station at the Cape Point car park, up an incline through dense fynbos to the upper lighthouse. The funicular leaves from the lower station every three minutes, comfortably accommodates 40 passengers per car, and can transport 450 persons to the upper lighthouse per hour, making it the ideal way to whisk closer to the lighthouse even during peak times.

Simonstown
South-Africa_Simonstown_pingviner
South-Africa_Simonstown_pingviner

Simon's Town
is a maritime naval town and home to the African Penguin colony at Boulders Beach.  http://www.capepointroute.co.za/seeit-simonstown.php
South-Africa_Simonstown_pingviner
South-Africa_Simonstown_pingviner

Just around the corner from Simon’s Town visit Boulders Beach Penguin Colony
where you can view these flightless birds at close range. For a more intimate
experience, head to Boulders Beach where you can swim with the Penguins!
http://www.capepointroute.co.za/seeit-simonstown.php

 South-Africa_Simonstown_pingviner

To understand our penguins is to understand their history.
The story of this penguin colony in Cape Town started in 1983 when a pair was
spotted on
Foxy Beach at Boulders. The birds came to False Bay from Dyer Island.
At the time,
False Bay was closed to commercial fishing.
For the newcomers, abundant food and breeding sites meant the African
Penguin p
opulation at Boulders soared.

However, almost three decades later, Boulders Beach penguins are in trouble. Cars, people and competition for breeding sites has seen the penguins trying to nest in unsafe environments, leaving their nests exposed to both predators and the elements. 


 South-Africa_Simonstown

 
Climate change has also affected fish stocks and increased severe weather incidences
have depleted
penguin chick numbers.

But thanks to tourism, there is hope. Every time you visit these little guys at Boulders Beach, you help spark a lifelong commitment to saving their future
.
http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-boulders-beach-penguins
Søndag 19. mars 2017

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Vi besøker townshipene Langa og Khayelitsha.
Vi har lunsj her hos en av damene som har startet egen bedrift.
Det er søndag og vi blir med på en spennende gudstjeneste med
mye glede, gladsang og fengende rytmer.
Afrikanerne er gode på sang og dans, så kanskje vi
stive nordmenn også lar oss rive med??


Townshipene i Sør-Afrika ble etablert for å huse svarte, indiske og fargede.
Disse bydelene var oftest plassert et godt stykke utenfor byene, som var
reservert bare for hvite. Gjerne i nærheten av farmområder og
industriområder, da innbyggerne ble brukt som billig arbeidskraft.
I dag fungerer disse bydelene mer eller mindre som selvstendige byer
med både skoler, helsestasjoner, kafeer og restauranter, butikker og
mange andre servicebedrifter.

Langa
 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
Guga Sthebe Arts & Cultural Centre
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
Make a stop at Guga Sthebe Arts & Cultural Centre – you won't miss the brightly
coloured building situated on Washington Street. The centre helps to upskill local residents with skills in arts and craft,
pottery, metalworks and theatre. Regular shows are put on and visitors are
 encouraged to support performances of
dance, music and poetry, and to purchase locally-made goods from the shop. http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-langa

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
Guga Sthebe Arts & Cultural Centre
Langa, the birthplace of the late South African queen of pop, Brenda Fassie, is also the
Cape Town township where you can learn to cook the food of the people, see social transformation in progress, learn of the past and share the visions of the future with a
resilient community.

Langa, Cape Town's oldest township, means 'sun' in isiXhosa. However, the large and
diverse settlement established in 1923 was actually named after Langalibelele, rebel
chief of the amaHlubi, who was sent to Robben Island by the British authorities in 1873.
His name means 'the sun is boiling hot'.
 
http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-langa

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
Guga Sthebe Arts & Cultural Centre

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
Soverom for 1 familie
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
En "finere" del av Langa

Mange familier deler en leilighet. De heldigste har eget soverom for familien,
men noen må ligge i det felles oppholdsrommet. Familiene har ett felles kjøkken,
men det lages tydeligvis mat på soverommene også.

Khayelitscha, kirkebesøk

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Khayelitcha_kirke
Det store teltet er kirken hvor vi skulle overvære søndagens gudstjeneste
.


  South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Khayelitcha_kirke

Khayelitsha /ˌkaɪ.əˈliːtʃə/ is a partially informal township in Western Cape, South Africa, located
o
n the Cape Flats in the City of Cape Town. The name is Xhosa for New Home.
It is reputed to be the largest and fastest growing township in South Africa

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khayelitsha



South-Africa_Cape-Town_township_Langa
Vi spiste lunsj på Lelapa i Langa.
God mat og mye musikk

Lelapa, which means ‘the home’ was established in October 1999 in Langa,
Cape Town’s oldest township (or informal settlement), when Sheila and
Monica Mahloane (mother and daughter) converted our home in order to seize an entrepreneurial opportunity. We saw all the tourists’ buses driving past our township
on the way to the winelands and our idea was to create a restaurant serving tradition
township cuisine and invite guests to experience a bit of township life.
http://www.lelapa.co.za/

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
HOSA, Hope Southern Africa
“Education is the strongest weapon to change the world” were the powerful words of Nelson Mandela.
We fully agree and believe that education is a big factor in order to see a new generation grow
up i 7de Laan. But we cannot shoulder this huge responsibility on our own – a network of
partners and friends has developed over the years. Amongst those is the Freundeskreis
Wakkerstroom e.V that we shared more about in September 2016. The German NGO supports
children and youth in South Africa in their academic journey. Through their personal connection
with our staff Marco and Justine a partnership developed with HOSA too.

http://ho-sa.org/

South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
Karl Martin og Grete ble med en
hjelpearbeider, Marco og reiseleder
Arve til et mindre township.
Marco drev hjelpearbeid der.
South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
Tidligere på dagen, sammen med hele gruppa vår, var vi innom et senter
for barn med forskjellige utviklingshemminger. Dette ble drevet av Marco og sta
b.

Dette stedet drives humanitært, og det ser ut til at de gjør en hederlig jobb


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
Flag of South Africa.svg

At the time of its adoption, the South African flag
was the only national flag in the world to
comprise six colours in its primary design.
Three of the colours – black, green and yellow – are
found in the banners of the African National
Congress, the Pan Africanist Congress and the
Inkatha Freedom Party – and are thus said to
represent the country’s black population.

The other three – red, white and blue – are displayed on the Dutch tricolour and the British
Union flag and are said represent the country's white population.

The green pall (the Y-shape) is commonly interpreted to mean the unification of the various ethnic
groups and the moving forward into a new united South Africa.

The design therefore represents a converging of paths, the merging of both the past and the present.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_South_Africa


 South-Africa_Cape-Town
Et penere strøk i Cape Town.

 South-Africa_Cape-Town
Mandag 20. mars 2017

Durban, Umhlanga

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Etter frokost blir vi kjørt til Cape Town flyplass og flyr nordøstover til Durban.
Fra flyplassem er det bare ca 20 minutter å kjøre til hotellet som ligger i
tettstedet Umhlanga Rocks, litt nord for Durban. Hotellet ligger rett ved det
store kjøpesenteret Gateway og kort vei fra stranden. Ettermiddagen
kan brukes som du selv vil.

Om mange nok er interessert så hentes vi på hotellet og tas med på en
runde i Durban.

Overnatting City Lodge Umhlanga

 South-Africa_Durban_Umhlanga
Bildet er tatt utenfor hotellet vårt i Umhlanga mot det store kjøpesenteret.

 South-Africa_Durban
Gatebilde fra Durban
South-Africa_Durban
Guiden har nok en viss kontakt med denne krydderselgeren, som for øvrig har et
sjeldent selgertalent.

South-Africa_Durban
South-Africa_Durban
South-Africa_Durban


 South-Africa_Durban
Du får mange slags krydder i Durban


 South-Africa_Durban
Grete utenfor det store markedet
South-Africa_Durban
South-Africa_Durban
Ikke bare på Voss du får smalahove
Til høyre: Durban har brede gater, men det er trangt på fortauet.

 South-Africa_Durban

 South-Africa_Durban
Fine strender, men vi rakk i å prøve dem.
South-Africa_Durban_Umhlanga_Beverly-Hills-hotel
Beverly Hills hotel, Umhlanga
South-Africa_Durban_Umhlanga
Fuglereder

Tirsdag 21. mars 2017

Sani Pass, Lesotho og Sani Valley, KwaZulu Natal, 

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Turen fortsetter til Drakenberg, den høyeste fjellkjeden som går gjennom hele Sør-Afrika. Her i KwaZulu-Natal, på grensen til fjellandet Lesotho, er fjellene i
Sani passet oppe i en høyde av hele 3400 m. I dag skal vi kjøre opp gjennom
passet og inn i fjellandet Lesotho. Husk pass!
Når vi er framme ved foten av fjellovergangen, bytter vi over til firehjulstrekkere.
Og går gjennom passkontrollen til Sør-Afrika. Herfra snirkler vi oss opp hårnålssvingene til vi når 2873 m høyde. Her oppe på toppen av "Afrikas tak"
går vi gjennom passkontrollen til Lesotho.
Vi fortsetter noen kilometer innover i Lesotho hvor vi besøker en lokal
Basotho landsby. Her viser de lokale innbyggerne sine tradisjoner,
de er bl.a. kjent for sine spesielle gresshatter, Basothohattene.
Vi bor på Sani Valley Lodge.

 South-Africa_Kwasani-Minicipality_Drakenberg
Kwasani Municipality
South-Africa
South-Africa_Himeville-Arms
En rask stopp i Himeville

South Africa’s third-smallest province, KwaZulu-Natal has a wealth of scenic and cultural attractions that include the country’s most popular beaches lying to the south and north of Durban. Add to that its bushveld reserves to the north, historic battlefields and the dramatic Drakensberg mountains, and you can see why it’s popular with tourists. http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/overview/kwazulu-natal
Pent lite hus langs veien
South-Africa
The uKhahlamba-Drakensberg Park is one of KwaZulu-Natal's two World HeritageSites.
This World Heritage Site is part of a much longer mountain range that stretches some 1,600 kilometres from South Africa's northernmost provinces to the Eastern Cape. Not only does the
World Heritage Site protect a stunning natural mountain wilderness area, it also protects an
amazing cultural legacy of ancient rock art in Africa painted by Southern Africa's earliest
inhabitants, the San or Bushmen.

The Zulu people named the 300-kilometre section of mountain range bordering
KwaZulu-Natal and the mountain Kingdom of Lesotho 'uKhahlamba, meaning
"Barrier of Spears". The early Dutch settlers called them the Drakensberge or
'Dragon Mountains'. Nowadays, this lovely natural wonderland is referred to by
locals simply as the 'Berg'.
   http://www.zulu.org.za/destinations/drakensberg/information

 South-Africa_Drakenberg

Drakensberg

The Giant's Cup Trail runs along the
foothills of the Drakensberg from Sani Pass to
Bushman's Nek. Some sections are steep
but any reasonably fit person, including children,
will have no difficulty in completing each section.
The trail lies almost entirely within the
Cobham and Garden Castle Reserves.

Small patches of indigenous forest are seen on
the first day but most of the trail passes
through mountain grassland with wide views
to the crests of the mountains. 
The trail consists of five sections with
overnight accommodation (usually a farmhouse)
at the end of each section.

South-Africa_Drakenberg_Giant-cup-trail
The Giants Cup Trail
Sjåføren vår ville ikke gå denne ruta, for det va så mange slanger der.
Hun kjørte heller bil i området.


 South-Africa_Drakenberg_Giant-cup-trail
Poker?
South-Africa_Drakenberg


 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass

 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Drakensberg og litt av veien opp mot Sani Pass

 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass

 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass

 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
En stopp for å beundre utsikten, og for å fotografere.
Like etter denne pausen begynte hårnålsvingene opp Sani Pass.

     Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
      Drakenberg_Sani-Pass

Sani Pass is the mother of all South African mountain passes. Statistically and in every
sense, it out distances, out climbs, and out performs all it's competitors with consummate
ease to have become the most iconic gravel pass in SA.

Situated between KZN and Lesotho the pass was built circa 1950 and remains a
challenging drive in 4x4 vehicles with all the drama, scenery, bad weather
and treacherous conditions expected of a pass with a summit altitude of 2876m ASL.
That equates to 9400 feet and at 10,000 feet aircraft need pressurised cabins!

This is high altitude stuff. Go prepared for bad weather at any time and expect
snowfalls as late as October
. https://mountainpassessouthafrica.co.za/find-a-pass/kwazulu-natal/item/410-sani-pass.html

Herldigvis bare sol og sommer da vi var der.

Lesotho
 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Over Grete går veien vi skal kjøre.

 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Ganske bratt
Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Noe er gjort for å hindre steinras
Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Bilen vi kjørte i


 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Vi er oppe. Her er grensen til Lesotho. Vi kjørte ut fra Sør-Afrika før vi
begynte på selve passet.


 Lesotho_Sani-Pass

Lesotho is a monarchy.

The country’s lowest point of 1,400 metres above sea level is the highest lowest point of any country in the world. It has relatively very little forest, covering only one per cent of the land area.

Through the Lesotho Highlands Water Project, Lesotho exports water to South Africa, which completely surrounds it.

http://thecommonwealth.org/our-member-countries/lesotho

Joined Commonwealth: 
1966,
Population: 
2,074,000 (2013, )
GDP: 
2.8% p.a. 1990–2013
, UN HDI: 
world ranking 162,
Official language: 
Sesotho, English
, Timezone: 
GMT plus 2hr
, Currency: 
loti, plural maloti (M),




  Area: 
30,355 sq km
, Coastline: 
none
, Capital city: 
Maseru

Lesotho Flag - Colors meaning & symbolism
Blue stands for rain and water
White represents peace
Green symbolizes prosperity
Mokorotlo (the traditional Basotho straw hat) represents the indigenous Basotho (Southern Sotho) people

Read more at http://lesothoflag.facts.co/lesothoflagof/lesothoflag.php#1FIMEOOGHFpQtryK.99
                              


             
 
Independence: 4 October 1966


Legislature: Parlament of Lesotho
Lesotho is a constitutional monarchy. The present
constitution came into force in 1993, shortly after
the return to multiparty democracy, and was
amended in 2001 to introduce an element of
proportional representation. The monarch is
head of state, the succession being ratified by
the College of Chiefs.
The Prime Minister is head of government and
appoints a cabin
et.

http://thecommonwealth.org/our-member-
countries/lesotho/constitution-politics



 















Letsie III (born David Mohato Bereng Seeiso; 17 July 1963) is the king of Lesotho. He succeeded
his father, Moshoeshoe II, when the latter was forced into exile in 1990. His father was briefly
restored in 1995 but soon died in a car crash in early 1996, and Letsie became king again. As a constitutional monarch, most of King Letsie's duties as monarch of Lesotho are ceremonial.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Letsie_III_of_Lesotho

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Sånn steker de brød i Lesotho
Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Vi fikk smake brødet. Det var veldig godt.
         Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Hjemmelaget øl fikk vi også smake. Den samme koppen ble sendt rundt til alle.

Lesotho_Sani-Pass
På veggen i huset står det litt om Lesotho.

Selvfølgelig kunnde vi få kjøpt noen souvenirer, blant annet den spesielle Lesothohatten.



 Lesotho_Sani-Pass

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Hytter til leie.
Vi spiste lunsj på restauranten her.
Laragne med salat. Godt, men ikke
spesielt for stedet.

Ganske stusslig og trist område, brunsvidd og nakent. Husdyrene må gjetes pga av rovdyrfaren, sjakaler og ??  Finnes ikke vegetasjon i området. Vi er på 2873 moh.

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Vi er på 2873 moh, men veien fører videre oppover.

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Vi skulle ikke høyere, nå ventet nedturen gjennom Sani Pass

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Go in Peace
Sani-Pass_Drakenberg
På kanten av stupet.
Heldigvis hadde vi en god sjåfør.

Sani-Pass_Drakenberg
Denne mannen gikk hver dag ned
i dalen for å hente ved.


Sani-Pass_Drakenberg
Sjåføren vår til høyre. Det var venstretrafikk i alle landene vi besøkte på turen.
South-Africa_Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Så er vi tilbake i Sør-Afrika. Ny passkontroll.

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley
I hyttene på den andre siden av vannet skulle vi overnatte.

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley
Hytta vår. Stor og velutstyrt, og med boblebad på terrassen.

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley
Solnedgang i Sani Valley. Bildet er tatt fra hytta vår.
Onsdag 22. mars 2017

Nelson Mandela Capture Site og Springbok Lodge, Nambiti Game Reserve

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Det er tid for safari. På vei til Nambiti Game Reserve stopper vi på Mandelas
Capture Site. Her er det et unikt monument og det er så absolutt verdt et
besøk. Det var her Mandela ble tatt til fange 5. august 1962.
Vi spiser lunsj i de vakre omgivelsene.

Vi fortsetter så til Nambiti Game Reserve som er ca 2 timer unna.
En vakker kjøretur som går gjennom sletteområder med Drakensbergene
som bakgrunn. Et virkelig "Afrika landskap" med gress-stepper og
tornetrær.
Nambiti Game Reserve er et vernet område som tilbyr 22 000 mål med
uberørt, malariafri villmark. Reservatet er hjem til "The big five", løve,
leopard, bøffel, elefant og neshorn. Gepard, flodhest og over 30 andre
dyrearter holder også til her.

Overnatting på Springbok Lodge.
Lodgen har 15 luksustelt med air-condition, privat veranda og egen dusj
under stjernehimmelen

 

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley

Og her er det soloppgang, også tatt fra hytta vår.
En fin morgen, 12 grader og strålende vær.

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley

Nesten synd å forlate et så fint sted, men turen går videre.

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley
Det er et stykke å gå til resepsjonen.
Men bagasjen ble hentet i bil,
og fraktet til bussen.
Bussen var parkert på den andre
siden av vannet.
For å komme dit måtte vi over i
4-hjulstrekkere.

South-Africa_Sani-Valley


 South-Africa_Sani-Valley
En liten hytte ved resepsjonen

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley

 South-Africa_KwaZulu-Natal

Et bilde tatt fra bussen. Det er alltid et rundt hus sammen med de vanlige husene.
Der bor bestemor. Det er hun som har kontakt med åndene.
I hus med hjørner er det fare for at åndene går seg fast.

Nelson Mandela Capture Site
 South-Africa_Mandela-Capture-site

 South-Africa_Mandela-Capture-site
On 5 August 1962, police waved down a car on a lonely country road in KwaZulu-Natal.
At the wheel was Nelson Mandela, posing as a chauffeur, and his arrest was the catalyst
for a series of trials, culminating in the Rivonia Treason Trial that would ultimately see him
spend 27 years in prison. Today this site is marked by an impressive sculpture in the
KwaZulu-Natal Midlands.

Former president Nelson Mandela had been on the run from the South African apartheid
government for 17 months, a feat that had earned him the name 'Black Pimpernel'.
http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-mandela-capture-site-kwazulu-natal

 South-Africa_Mandela-Capture-site_long-walk-to-freedom

Bare fra den plassen vi står her kan man se portrettet av Mandela.
Står man andre steder ser monumentet ut som på  bildet til høyre.

Marking the 50-year anniversary of what began Nelson Mandela’s “long walk to freedom” –
and the piece of land that, quite randomly, irrevocably altered the history of South
Africa – is a quietly powerful new sculpture,
set into the environment of this silently potent space.
The sculpture, the centrepiece of a new memorial site – the Nelson Mandela Capture Site – was unveiled by South African President Jacob Zuma during the site’s official inauguration on
5 August 2012.

The extraordinary sculpture by artist Marco Cianfanelli comprises 50 steel column constructions – each between 6.5 and 9.5 metres tall – set into the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands landscape.




South-Africa_Mandela-Capture-site_long-walk-to-freedom

The approach to the site, designed by architect Jeremy Rose of Mashabane Rose Associates, leads
one down a path towards the sculpture where, at a distance of 35 metres, a portrait of Nelson Mandela, looking west, comes into focus as the 50 linear vertical units line up to create the
illusion of a flat image
https://www.brandsouthafrica.com/people-culture/mandela/capture-site-open

South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_fuglereder
Reiret til veverne henger
i trærne.



Vi er kommet fram til Nambiti Game Reserve.
Her skal vi bo to netter på Springbok Lodge.
På denne lodgne skal vi bo i "telt".

 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge
Naboteltet, akkurat maken til vårt

 _South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge
Grete på terrassen.
Vi skal på safari, og blir snart hentet av safaribilen.

South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
Friluftsdusj, fasinerende å dusje i
mørket, med en flott stjernehimmel
som tak



 South-Africa_Nambiti-Game-Reserve_safari_kudu

In Africa the Kudu is famous for its fence-jumping abilities.
They can jump a 3 meter fence easily and even 3,5 meters when doing it under stress.

http://www.africa-wildlife-detective.com/kudu.html

The kudu is the world’s second largest antelope species (behind the eland), reaching up
to 1,2 m at shoulder height and weighing as much as 270 kg. It is by far one of the
antelopes I admire the most, and always a delight to watch in the wild!
http://africafreak.com/the-10-most-elegant-antelope-species-of-the-african-bushveld/


South-Africa_Nambiti-Game-Reserve_safari_kudu
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari
Guiden vår så med en gang hvilket dyr
som hadde bitt over disse kvistene.

South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_gepard
Gepard, litt langt unna til å få fint bilde.

Cheetahs are active mainly during the day, with hunting their major activity. Adult males are sociable despite their territoriality, forming groups called "coalitions". Females are not territorial; they may be solitary or live with their offspring in home ranges. Carnivores, cheetah mainly prey upon antelopes and gazelles. They will stalk their prey to within 100–300 metres (330–980 ft), charge towards it and kill it by tripping it during the chase and biting its throat to suffocate it to death. The cheetah's body is specialised for speed; it is the fastest land animal. The speed of a hunting cheetah averages 64 km/h (40 mph) during a sprint; the chase is interspersed with a few short bursts of speed, when the animal can attain 112 km/h (70 mph), although this is disputed by more recent measurements. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheetah
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_enkefugl
Pin-tailed whydah, dominikanerenke

The species is a brood parasite which lays its
eggs in the nests of estrildid finches, especially waxbills. Unlike the common cuckoo, it does not destroy the host's eggs. Typically, 2–4 eggs are added to those already present. The eggs of
both the host and the firefinch are white,
although the whydah's are slightly larger.
The nestling whydahs mimic the gape pattern
of the fledglings of the host species.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pin-tailed_whydah
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti_vortesvin
The common warthog is a medium-sized species, with a head-and-body length ranging from 0.9 to 1.5 m (3.0 to 4.9 ft), and shoulder height from 63.5 to 85 cm (25.0 to 33.5 in). Females, at 45 to 75 kg (99 to 165 lb), are typically a bit smaller and lighter in weight than males, at 60 to 150 kg (130 to 330 lb). A warthog is identifiable by the two pairs of tusks protruding from the mouth and curving upwards. The lower pair, which is far 
shorter than the upper pair, becomes razor-sharp by rubbing against the upper pair every time the mouth is opened and closed. The upper canine teeth can grow to 25.5 cm (10.0 in) long and have a wide elliptical cross section, being about 4.5 cm (1.8 in) deep and 2.5 cm (0.98 in) wide. A tusk will curve 90° or more from the root, and will not lie flat on a table, as it curves somewhat backwards as it grows. The tusks are used for digging, for combat with other hogs, and in defense against predators – the lower set can inflict severe wounds.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_warthog
Ugandan defassa waterbuck (Kobus
                      ellipsiprymnus defassa) male.jpg
bilde fra: https://en.wikipedia.
org/wiki/Waterbuck
Vannbukk, waterbuck
The head-and-body length is typically between
177–235 cm (70–93 in) and the average height is
between 120 and 136 cm (47 and 54 in). A sexually dimorphic antelope, males are taller as well as
heavier than females. Males reach approximately
127 cm (50 in) at the shoulder, while females reach
119 cm (47 in). Males typically weigh 198–262 kg
(437–578 lb) and females 161–214 kg (355–472 lb).
The coat colour varies from brown to grey.
The long, spiral horns, present only on males,
curve backward, then forward and are 55–99 cm
(22–39 in) long.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waterbuck

South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_falk
Amurfalk
The Amur Falcon is a fascinating
migratory raptor. Every year, the small, resilient birds make the daring voyage
from breeding grounds in Russia and
China to winter in southern Africa. It is supposed that the falcons cross the
Arabian Sea during their migration,
but much is still unknown about the
patterns of their estimated 22,000 km migration
.  http://www.worldmigratorybirdday.org/2017/species/amur-falcon
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_kappturteldue
Kapp turteldue, Cape turtle dove
The ring-necked dove (Streptopelia capicola),
also known as the Cape turtle dove or
half-collared dove, is a widespread and often abundant dove species in East and southern
Africa. It is a mostly sedentary bird, found in a catholic variety of open habitats. Within range,
its penetrating and rhythmic, three-syllabled crooning is a familiar sound at any time of
the year. Its name is derived from the semi-collar
of black feathers on the lower nape, a feature shared with a number of Streptopelia species.
Like all doves they depend on surface water.
They congregate in large flocks at waterholes
in dry regions to drink and bathe.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ring-necked_dove




 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_impala
Impala

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_impala
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_impala
Impala
Impala (Aepyceros melampus) (fra gresk aipos «høy» ceros «horn» + melas «sort» pous «fot») er en mellomstor afrikansk antilope. Navnet,
Impala, kommer fra zulu-språket.
Gjennomsnittsvekten til en impala er ca. 75 kilogram. De er gule og rød-brune i fargen,
men lysere på sidene, og er hvite på undersiden
av magen. Bukker har lyre-formede horn som
kan bli opptil 90 centimeter lange. Når den blir redd eller overrasket vil hele flokken fare
omkring for å forvirre rovdyret. De kan hoppe lengre enn 9 meter langt og 2,5 meter høyt.
De er byttedyr for nesten alle store rovdyr.
Den er en drøvtygger. https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impala


South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_fugler
Hadada-ibis
The hadeda is a large (about 76 cm long), grey-to-partly brown species of ibis.
It has a narrow, white, roughly horizontal stripe across its cheeks. This is sometimes called the "moustache" though it does not reach the mouth corners.

South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Tascha
Tasha viser navnet på en antilope


South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_gnu

Gnus, or wildebeests, are large African antelopes. Gnus (pronounced like "news") are closely related to cattle, goats and sheep. These animals look like thin, muscular cows with large, sloping backs, curved horns and striped bodies. They also have manes and bushy beards.

South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_safaribil
Safariturister



Wildebeest is an Afrikaans name that means "wild beast." Gnu is a derivation of the name used by native Africans. 
http://www.livescience.com/54421-gnus-wildebeests.html


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_sebra

 South-Africa_safari_sebra
Sebra


There are two species of zebra in South Africa. One is so common it is startling to find a nature reserve or park without it. The other had a brief and almost calamitous
flirtation with extinction.

The Burchell’s zebra is the species you’ll see almost everywhere. Also known as the
plains zebra, it favours the largest ecosystem in the country – savannah.

Its distinguishing characteristics include a distinct portliness, a shadow stripe between
the black stripes, and a fading of the markings on the leg and sometimes the rump.
It is also unmistakably horsey. Anyone familiar with equine body language will
immediately understand the dynamics of a zebra herd.

Zebra groups are either in bachelor groups or ‘harem’ groups, led by a dominant
stallion.  
http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-zebras

South-Africa_safari_sjiraf
Sjiraff

The giraffe (Giraffa) is a genus of African even-toed ungulate mammals, the tallest living terrestrial animals and the largest ruminants.


The giraffe's chief distinguishing characteristics are its extremely long neck and legs, its horn-like ossicones, and its distinctive
South-Africa_safari_sjiraf
coat patterns. It is classified under the family Giraffidae, along with its closest extant relative, the okapi. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giraffe


 South-Africa_safari_sjiraf

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_kudu
Nyala?
The handsome slate-brown shaggy coat is marked with white vertical stripes and spots on the flanks. Rams appear more charcoal-grey in colour. The rams have long inward curved horns
(650 mm) and a white chevroned face. They have a ridge of long hairs along the underparts, from behind the chin to between the hind legs, they also have a mane of thick, black hair
from the head along the spine to the rump. Rams weigh 115 Kg and measures 1.05 m at shoulders. Ewes are much smaller and do not have horns, and weigh 59 Kg and stand
900mm at shoulders. Ewes are chestnut-coated with even more prominent white stripes
on the flanks.
    http://www.krugerpark.co.za/africa_nyala.html


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_elefant
Elefant

The largest land mammal on earth, the African elephant weighs up to eight tons. The elephant is distinguished by its massive body, large ears and a long trunk, which has many uses ranging
from using it as a hand to pick up objects, as a horn to trumpet warnings, an arm raised in
greeting to a hose for drinking water or bathing.   https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/elephant

South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_middag
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_middag

Middag under stjernehimmelen.

Med besøk av en grønnkledd en.

Det er nok en mantis (en type kneler)

Vi så løver også. To hannløver spaserte ved siden av
bilen da vi skulle tilbake til lodgen.
Det var dessverre for mørkt til å ta bilder av dem.

Torsdag 23. mars 2017

Nambiti Game Reserve
Springbok Lodge, safari og avslapning

Dagen starter tidlig, det er da sjansen er størst for å se dyr.. Opp ca kl 5 00.
Te/kaffe og en enkel frokost serveres før safariavgang.
3-4 timers safari med innlagt pause, og tilbake til lodgen for en
helsebringende "brunch".
Om ettermiddagen drar vi igjen ut på safari til solnedgangen over savannen.
Safariturene kjøres i åpen landrover med egen safariguide og "tracker"
(sporleser).

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_red-bishop
Southern Red Bishop
The Southern Red Bishop is 10–11 centimetres long and has a thick, conical bill. The breeding males are brightly coloured with red (occasionally orange) and black plumage.
The forehead, face and throat are black and the rest of the head is red. The upperparts are red apart from the brown wings and tail.
The upper breast and under tail coverts are
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_svartrygget_sjakal
Svartrygget sjakal
Compared to other members of the genus Canis, the black-backed jackal is a very ancient species, and has changed little since the Pleistocene, being the most basal canine alongside the closely related side-striped jackal. It is a fox-like canid with a reddish coat and a black saddle that extends from the shoulders to the base of the tail. It is a monogamous animal, whose young may remain with the family to help raise new generations of pups. The black-backed jackal is not a fussy eater, and will feed on small to medium-sized animals, as well as plant matter and human refuse.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black-backed_jackal

red while the lower breast and belly are black. The non-breeding male and female have streaky brown plumage, paler below.   https://www.sanbi.org/creature/southern-red-bishop
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_termittue
Termitt-tue
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_sebra
Sebra
In a lot of ways, termites are a paradox. They're strong enough to eat a house, but their bodies
are soft, delicate and prone to drying out. Soldiers, whose sole job is to defend the colony,
can't even feed themselves. Adult termites develop wings so they can leave the colony and
find a new home, helping the termite population grow. But winged termites are terrible flyers,
and most don't survive the journey.

At the same time, termites are survivors. They've existed for about 50 million years, and today
there are close to 3,000 termite species living in most temperate parts of the world. In Africa and Australia, termites build enormous mounds that can last longer than the colony
itself can survive. There are plenty of methods for discouraging termites from feasting on a
person's home, but many species have a knack for finding ways around them. Once a colony
moves in, it can be difficult to exterminate.

South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Grete fotograferer
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Tascha ser etter neshorn

Stumpneshorn er det fysisk største av alle neshorn. Det kan bli cirka 4 meter langt og omkring
190 cm i skulderhøyde. Hannen blir normalt større enn hunnen. Kroppen er tønneformet og massiv.
Ekstra store eksemplarer kan veie opp mot 3 tonn, selv om 1,7–2,3 tonn er mer typisk (avhengig av kjønn).
Et særtrekk er artens godt definerte skulderpukkel. Det enorme hodet er sadelformet og har normalt
to horn, som begge kjønn bærer. Hannens horn blir imidlertid gjerne større enn hunnens.
Stumpneshorn kan leve til de blir omkring 45 år gamle.

Stumpneshorn er normalt lite aggressive og uredd mennesker, noe som gjør arten svært utsatt for
krypskyttere, som er ute etter de verdifulle hornene (elfenben). Arten inngår blant Afrikas fem store.


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Perlehøns
Guineafowl (/ˈɡɪnifaʊl/; sometimes called "pet speckled hen", or "original fowl" or

guineahen) are birds of the family Numididae in the order Galliformes.
They are endemic to the continent of Africa and rank among the oldest of the
gallinaceous birds.

The species for which information is known are normally monogamous, mating for life, or are serially monogamous; however, occasional exceptions have been recorded for helmeted and Kenya crested guineafowl, which have been reported to be polygamous in captivity.


South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Oppspist gnu
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti

Wild Hibiscus Flower South Africa


 





All guineafowl are social, and typically live in small groups or large flocks. Though they are monogamous, species of the least-derived genera Guttera, Agelastes and Acryllium tend toward social polyandry, a trait shared with other primitive galliformes like roul roul, and Congo peafowl.

Guineafowl travel behind herd animals and beneath monkey troops where they forage within manure and on items that have fallen to the understory from the canopy. Guineafowl play a pivotal role in the control of ticks, flies, locusts, scorpions and other invertebrates. They pluck maggots from carcasses and manure.

Wild guineafowl are, without exception, strong fliers.  Grass and bush fires are a constant threat to these galliformes and flight is the most effective escape.

Some species of guineafowl, like the vulturine, may go without drinking water for extended periods, instead sourcing their moisture from their food. Young guineafowl are very sensitive to weather, in particular cold temperatures.


South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Redet til en vever
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Tid for kaffe/te og muffens


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Kaffepause

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Paraplytre
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Blåastrild, blue wax bill
The blue waxbill mainly eats grass seeds which
are taken from the 
inflorescences, this is supplemented with termites and other insects.
they have also been recorded eating the fallen
fruits of Boscia albitrunca. It is normally seen in pairs or family parties but it does form larger
flocks which often mix in with flocks of other estrildids. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_waxbill
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Amur falk


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Andedam med skjeand

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Impala

 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti_sebraflokk
Sebraflokk

 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti_impala
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti


 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_Nambiti

En sen, men god frokost



 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_Nambiti
Solstolene venter, nå skjer det ikke noe før vi skal på ettermiddags-safari ved 4-tida

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
Deilig med en rolig formiddag.

Det er godt og varmt,
så bassenget var fint å ha.



Til høyre er salongen på lodgen

og under noen nærbilder av ting fra salongen.

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge


 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

Rekka med "telt" sette fra hagen.

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Vi dro på safari igjen kl 16 00. 
Vi hadde ikke vært lenge på tur før vi så uværet nærme seg.

South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
 
En av safaribilene fikk problemer. Sjåføren i den bilen og Tascha måtte ut for å reparere.
Det gikk heldigvis greit, og de rakk det før regnet pøste ned.


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_clouds

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Svart neshorn

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Midt under uværet møtte vi det svarte neshornet.

Spissneshorn eller svart neshorn, Diceros bicornis,var tidligere utbredt over store deler av
østlige og sørlige Afrika. Det finnes i dag trolig rundt 3000 individer tilbake.
Kroppen blir ca. 3,0 m lang, skulderhøyden 1,6 m, vekt 1,5 tonn. Spissneshornet trives best
i grenseland mellom skog og åpne områder. Kan være aggressive og er kjent som et farlig dyr,
selv om de som regel unngår mennesker.   https://snl.no/neshorn

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_clouds
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Litt regn legger ingen demper på stemningen.
Det lå fora regncaper til alle i bilene, men våte ble vi likevel.
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti

If you are in Africa and see an unusual medium-sized creature with brown plumage and hammer-shaped head then you have certainly spotted a Hamerkop.
It is a distinctive and legendary mystery bird that is widespread in Africa.
Since ancient times, the people of this region have associated this bird to lightning,
leprosy and even death which did not only prevent Hamerkops from getting killed by
humans but has also turned it into some kind of mysterious legend.
https://www.aboutanimals.com/bird/hamerkop/


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Det er ganske vått etter regnet. Her kjører vi bortover en flystripe.
Etter regnværet så vi løvefamilien. Sjåføren fikk beskjed hvor de var, og kjørte
rally dit på dårlige, og nå ganske gjørmete veier. Vi rakk så vidt å se dem før det
ble for mørkt.
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge

Serviettfugler
Vi så også: Løve, duicer (antilope), steinbukk, vanlig hare, steinhare, rebokk,
jordugle, vaktel, shelleys frankling, slakterfugl, kaite, champagnefugl og
blackbellied bustard.


Fredag 24. mars 2017


Noen valgte å bli med på morgensafari.
Andre ville heller ha en rolig morgen ved teltet.

Etter frokost ble vi kjørt i safaribussene dit bussen vår sto parkert.
Vi skulle fortsette til Johannesburg. Der var vi en tur i Soweto, en
kjempediger brakkeby (Township) før vi kjørte til hotellet ved flyplassen.
Neste morgen skulle vi  fly til Livingstone i Zambia.

Overnatting City Lodge OR Tambo,

 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge
En rolig morgen på terrassen
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge
Grete noterer i dagboka før vi må reise videre.

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Soweto

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Tutu House

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Gatesalg, gatemusikk og restauranten Zakhumzi der vi spiste lunsj
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Restauranten serverte typiske afrikanske retter, søndagsretter sa Sowetogiden vår.

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Sang og dans for turistene. Det var tre stykker med en "akrobatisk dans", der de vrengte armer og ben på en måte som om de ikke hadde et ben i kroppen, bare gummistrikker.


Soweto
is an urban settlement or 'township'
in South Africa, southwest of Johannesburg,
with a population of approximately
1.3 million (2008, Joburg archive).

Soweto was created in the 1930s when the
White government started seperating
Blacks from Whites. Blacks were moved
away from Johannesburg, to an area
separated from White suburbs by a
so-called cordon sanitaire (or sanitary
corridor) this was usually a river, a railway
track, an industrial area or a highway etc.,
they did this by using the infamous 'Urban
Areas Act' in 1923. 
http://www.sahistory.org.za/places/soweto

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto


 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Små hjem, etter de vi så innvendig ser det ut til at det er en viss orden inne.

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Symbol for kristendom

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
symbol for ?


The Kliptown open air museum is where delegates to a people's parliament met in 1955
to adopt the Freedom Charter, now the cornerstone of the Bill of Rights and the
South African Constitution. This historical museum in Soweto is dedicated to Walter Sisulu,
a stalwart of the Freedom Struggle.  
http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-kliptowns-open-air-museum



             South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

I tårnet (bilde til venstre) finner man:

The Freedom Charter

Adopted at the Congress of the People, Kliptown, on 26 June 1955

TOWARDS THE "DRAFTING OF THE CHARTER " 
• DAY 1: The congress of the people held over two days in the field in Kliptown.
• DAY 2: Sunday the 26th of June, the apartheid government sent its own delegation in
force to Kliptown and some of the Congress people were charged with treason.

"The congress of the people at Kliptown, was not only a political event, but a cultural
milestone. For the first time, delegates from South Africa's many, diverse cultures came
together, in their thousands, united behind a common vision. The Freedom Charter
recognises both this desire for unity and the rich, cultural diversity of our country. "

http://www.waltersisulusquare.co.za/the_charter.html
• The people shall govern
• All national groups shall have equal rights
• The people shall share in the country's wealth
• The land shall be shared among those who work it
• All shall be equal before the law
• All shall enjoy human rights
• There shall be work and security
• The doors of learning and culture shall be opened
• There shall be houses, security and comfort.
• There shall be peace and friendship

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Waiting for å change, waiting for a miracle
Gapp Architects and dream designers, june 2016

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

                      South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Det andre tårnet på Sisulu Square. Tårnet er tomt.

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Planten i esken til høyre er sunn og
hjelper mot "alle" sykdommer.

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

Symboler for "the freedom Charter."
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
The Orlando Towers bungee in Soweto adds a whole new dimension to sightseeing in this
famous Johannesburg township. Bridging the gap between adventure and township tourism,
you can enjoy one of Johannesburg’s most vibrant landmarks like never before.
With 100m drop to the ground, bungee jump, swing or free fall your way to the bottom.
http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-sowetos-bungee-jump

Orlando Tower
Orlando Power Station is a decommissioned coal-fired power station in Soweto, South Africa.
The power station was commissioned at the end of the Second World War and served
Johannesburg for over 50 years.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orlando_Power_Station
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Bilskiltene i Johannesburg har bokstavene GP,
står for gangster pilot mener mange.

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

South-Africa_Johannesburg_OR-Tambo

Guiden Ian har fulgt oss fra Durban.
Her hjelper han til med å ta ut koffertene
fra bussen. Vi skal bo på flyplasshotell
på OR Tambo, Johannesburg.
Kjekt når vi skal videre med fly neste morgen.


Lørdag 25. mars 2017

Fly Johannesburg - Livingstone
i Zambia.

Minibuss til hotellet.

Fra dagsprogrammet:
På ettermiddagen blir vi med på et cruise i solnedgangen på
Zambezi elven - en vakker avrunding på en avslappende dag.
Underveis serveres det drikke og snacks med varmrett (lett middag).
Under toktet vil vi kunne se et rikt dyre- og fugleliv langs elva.
Fargespillet ved solnedgangen vil ok etterlate uforglemmelige
inntrykk hos oss alle.

Overnatting, Chrismar hotel, Livingstone
Zambia_Livingstone
Zambia_Livingstone
Veien fra flyplassen til hotellet                             Bryllup på hotellet

 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Karl Martin hiver seg ut i bassenget, Grete er der allerede.
Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Til venstre står Karl Martin utenfor rommet vårt.

 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
 
 
      Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Zambisk øl
servert fra bassengbaren.

   Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote


 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Et bilde tatt fra rommet vårt.

 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote

 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Vortesvin på hotellet.
På det neste hotellet vi kom til hadde vi levende vortesvin utenfor rommet.

 

 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Restauranten er i huset på den andre siden av bassenget.

 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Salongen på Chrismar hotel
Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
  Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

Vi skal på cruise på Zambezi, men først må
alle skrive under på at de drar på eget
ansvar. Her skriver Karl Martin under.


Cruise på Zambezi
 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
MV Makumbi ligger klar, men pass dere for krokodillene.
Makumbi
100 clients max, includes freshly baked snacks, light dinner, local beverages, spirits and wine
http://safpar.com/activities/river-cruises/

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Vi fotograferer og blir fotografert.

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

Baren er åpen og her er det fri drinker på hele turen.
Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
The Zambezi is Africa’s fourth largest River
system, after the Nile, Zaire and Niger Rivers.
It runs through six countries on it’s journey
from central Africa to the Indian Ocean.
Its unique value is that it is less developed
than others in terms of human settlement
and many areas along it’s banks enjoy
protected status.
It’s power has carved the spectacular
Victoria Falls and the zigzagging
Batoka Gorge.

The Zambezi has been harnessed at various points along the way including the massive
Kariba Dam between Zambia and Zimbabwe and Cabora Bassa Dam in Mozambique.
Plans for another dam at the Batoka gorge have fortunately been shelved.

The River’s beauty has attracted tourists from all over the world providing opportunities
for a myriad of water sports and game viewing.

Running for a length of 2700kms, it begins it’s journey as an insignificant little spring in
the corner of north-west Zambia in the Mwinilunga District. It bubbles up between the
roots of a tree, very close to the border where Zambia, Angola and Zaire meet.  http://www.zambiatourism.com/destinations/rivers/zambezi


 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Clay licks put simply are exposed areas of clay where animals gather to eat or
lick clay. Over 50 different animals use clay licks to obtain clays or salts.
Light might be shed on this behaviour by looking at our own history and medical
treatments. http://thinkjungle.com/articles/clay-licks/


 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Det er flere cruisebåter på elva

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Flodhestene fotograferes
Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Hippopotamuses love water, which is why the Greeks named them the “river horse.”
Hippos spend up to 16 hours a day submerged in rivers and lakes to keep their massive
bodies cool under the hot African sun. Hippos are graceful in water, good swimmers,
and can hold their breath underwater for up to five minutes. However, they are often
large enough to simply walk or stand on the lake floor, or lie in the shallows.
Their eyes and nostrils are located high on their heads, which allows them to see and
breathe while mostly submerged.

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
At sunset, hippopotamuses leave the water and travel overland to graze. They may travel
6 miles in a night, along single-file pathways, to consume some 80 pounds of grass.
Considering their enormous size, a hippo's food intake is relatively low. If threatened
on land hippos may run for the water—they can match a human's speed for short distances.
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/h/hippopotamus/

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi


 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

The Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) is an African crocodile and may be considered the
second largest extant reptile in the world, after the saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus).
The Nile crocodile is quite widespread throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, occurring mostly in the
central, eastern, and southern regions of the continent and lives in different types of aquatic environments such as lakes, rivers and marshlands. Although capable of living in saline
environments, this species is rarely found in saltwater, but occasionally inhabits deltas and
brackish lakes. The range of this species once stretched northward throughout the Nile, as
far north as the Nile delta. On average, the adult male Nile crocodile is between 3.5 and 5 m
(11 ft 6 in and 16 ft 5 in) in length and weighs 225 to 750 kg (496 to 1,653 lb). However,
specimens exceeding 6.1 m (20 ft 0 in) in length and weighing up to 1,090 kg (2,400 lb) have
been recorded.Sexual dimorphism is prevalent, and females are usually about 30% smaller
than males. They have thick scaly skin that is heavily armored.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nile_crocodile
Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Middagen er servert
Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

 

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
 
 

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar_bassengbaren
Noen fortsatte kvelden i baren på hotellet.

 
Flag of Zambia.svg The colours used in the flag of Zambia are rich in
symbolism. Green stands for the nation's lush flora,
red for the nation's struggle for freedom, black for
the Zambian people, and orange for the land's
natural resources and mineral wealth. Additionally, the eagle flying above the coloured stripes is
intended to represent the people's ability to rise
above the nation's problems
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Zambia

Zambias flagg
Søndag 26. mars 2017

Om formiidagen dro de som ville det
til gudstjeneste i pinsemenigheten i Livingstone. Pentecostal Holiness Church in Zambia

Etter lunsj på hotellet dro vi tilt Victoriafallene.

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Det er vanskelig å beskrive dette naturens under. Fossefallene er regnet som de største i verden. Fossene ligger i den øvre delen av elva Zambezi mellom løandene Zambia og Zimbabwe.
Fossen er ført opp på Unescos verdensarvliste.
Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten

Dagens førse gudstjeneste var ikke slutt enda da vi kom til kirken.
Derfor ble det litt ventetid. Altså god tid til å ta bilder.


 Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten

 Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten

Til høyre:
Så kommer de ut fra den første gudstjenesten.
Alle tar hverandre i hendene ved utgangen.


 Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten

 Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten
Først bibeltime.
Det gikk på engelsk og det lokale språket. Det ble litt vanskelig å følge med.


 Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten

Så kom koret fram og det ble liv i forsamlingen.

Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten
Alle ble dradd med i dansen, også vi nordboere.
Under:
The Victoria Falls Bridge was the inspiration of Cecil Rhodes, who was reported to
have said: “build the Bridge across the Zambezi where the trains, as they pass, will catch
the spray of the Falls”.  This was part of Rhodes’ unfulfilled Cape to Cairo railway scheme.
He never actually visited the Victoria Falls, and died before construction of the Bridge even began.


Constructed from steel, the Bridge is 198 metres (650 ft) long with the main arch spanning 156.50 metres (513.5 ft) at a height of 128 metres (420 ft) above the Zambezi River.
It is a road, a railway and a foot-bridge. The Bridge is the only rail link between
Zambia and Zimbabwe and one of only three road links between the two countries.

http://www.zambiatourism.com/destinations/waterfalls/victoria-falls/victoria-falls-bridge
Victoriafallene

Grete lengter etter å se fossen.


Victoria Falls presents a spectacular sight of awe-inspiring beauty and grandeur on the Zambezi River, forming the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe.
It was described by the Kololo tribe living in the area in the 1800’s as ‘Mosi-oa-Tunya’ – ‘The Smoke that Thunders’.
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

In more modern terms Victoria Falls is known as the greatest curtain of falling water in the world.

Columns of spray can be seen from miles away as, at the height of the rainy season, more than five hundred million cubic meters of water per minute plummet over the edge, over a width of nearly two kilometers, into a gorge over one hundred meters below.

The wide, basalt cliff over which the falls thunder, transforms the Zambezi from a placid river into a ferocious torrent cutting through a series of dramatic gorges.

Facing the Falls is another sheer wall of basalt, rising to the same height, and capped by mist-soaked rain forest. A path along the edge of the forest provides the visitor prepared to brave the tremendous spray, with an unparalleled series of views of the Falls.

One special vantage point is across the Knife-edge Bridge, where visitors can have the finest view of the Eastern Cataract and the Main Falls as well as the Boiling Pot, where the river turns and heads down the Batoka Gorge.   http://www.zambiatourism.com/destinations/waterfalls/victoria-falls


 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
The Victoria Falls Bridge

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Knife Edge Bridge og Victoriafossen

Walking close to the edge of the Falls, you will experience spray shooting upward.
The best place to experience this in when crossing the Knife edge bridge.
During the wet season the bottom of the Gorge cannot be seen and some parts of the
Falls will also be hidden by the spray.
  http://adventure-africa.com/activitievictoria-falls/

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Grete på Knive Edge Bridge.

 

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
December to the month of May is the wet season in Livingstone. During this time the Falls
are at their highest and the mist of the Falls can reach a height of over 400 m and can be
seen from 30 km away. When you visit the Falls during this time the spray of the Falls will
feel like a rain shower , so don’t take anything you don’t want to get wet. 
http://adventure-africa.com/activitievictoria-falls/

Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Vi går ned til Boiling Pot.
Det er mye å passe seg for på turen.


Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Regnskog
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls


 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Broa over til Zimbabwe

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Boiling Pot

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
The two streams of the Zambezi meet below Danger Point in the Boiling Pot, a permanent
whirlpool, which is a deep and treacherous fissure. This is the point where the current
incarnation of the Victoria Falls was born - and the equivalent of the Devil's Cataract
of the preceding falls - the one that formed Second Gorge over which the bridge has been built.
http://www.siyabona.com/explore-victoria-falls-boiling-pot.html

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls


Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

Vi gikk ikke samlet som en gruppe inne på området ved fossen.
Etter turen møttes vi ved denne baren for å bli kjørt tilbake til hotellet.

På veien var vi innom Royal Livingstone hotel for å ta en titt.

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls_Royal-Livingstone-hotel
Royal Livingstone Hotel
Mandag 27. mars 2017

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Vi kjører gjennom Livingstone og tar en seightseeingtur der. Vi skal bl.a.
besøke museet hvor den store oppdageren og misjonæren David Livingstone
har sin egen avdeling.
Byen Livingstone feiret sitt 110-års-jubileum i 2015. Livingstone ble grunnlagt på restene etter den tidligere bebyggelsen, "The Old Drift", som lå her ved Zambezi elven. I 1907 ble Livingstone hovedstaden i Nordvest-Rhodesia og med etableringen av Nord-Rhodesia i 1911, ble den hovedstad i hele territoriet frem til 1935.

Etter seightseeingturen fortsetter vi med buss til grensen Zambia - Botswana
Vi krysser Zambezi elven med båt og forsetter med buss til hotellet vårt:
Chobe Safari Lodge
Om ettermiddagen blir det safari i Chobe Safari Park

Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hotel
Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hotel
Chrismar hotel
Litt spesielt med vindu til å åpne mellom soverom og bad.


Zambia_Livingstone_museet_Livingstone
David Livingstone, (born March 19, 1813, Blantyre, Lanarkshire, Scotland—died May 1, 1873, Chitambo [now in Zambia]), Scottish missionary and explorer who exercised a formative influence upon Western attitudes toward Africa.
Zambia_Livingstone_museet_Livingstone

Zambia (/ˈzæmbiə/), officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in
Southern Africa, neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north,
Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana
and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.
The capital city is Lusaka, in the south-central part of Zambia.
The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka
in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest,
the core economic hubs of the country.

Politics in Zambia take place in a framework of a presidential representative
democratic republic, whereby the President of Zambia is both head of state and
head of government in a pluriform multi-party system. The government exercises
executive power, while legislative power is vested in both the government and
parliament.

Zambia became a republic immediately upon attaining independence in
October 1964.    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zambia


Livingstone grew up in a distinctively Scottish family environment of personal piety, poverty, hard work, zeal for education, and a sense of mission.

In 1834 an appeal by British and American churches for qualified medical missionaries in China made Livingstone determined to pursue that profession.

To prepare himself, while continuing to work part-time in the mill, he studied Greek, theology, and medicine for two years in Glasgow.

On November 20, 1840, he was ordained as a missionary; he set sail for South Africa at the end of the year and arrived at Cape Town on March 14, 1841.

For the next 15 years, Livingstone was constantly on the move into the African interior: strengthening his missionary determination; responding wholeheartedly to the delights of geographic discovery; clashing with the Boers and the Portuguese, whose treatment of the Africans he came to detest; and building for himself a remarkable reputation as a dedicated Christian, a courageous explorer, and a ferventantislavery advocate. Yet so impassioned was his commitment to Africa that his duties as husband and father were relegated to second place.

In May 1873, at Chitambo in what is now northern Zambia, Livingstone’s African servants found him dead, kneeling by his bedside as if in prayer.  https://www.britannica.com/biography/David-Livingstone

Livingstone  (town) was, until 2012, the capital of the Southern Province of Zambia. Lying 10 km (6.2 mi) to the
north of the Zambezi River, it is a tourism centre for the Victoria Falls and a border town with road and rail
connections to Zimbabwe on the other side of the Victoria Falls. A historic British colonial city, its present
population was estimated at 136,897 inhabitants at the 2010 census. It is named after David Livingstone,
the British explorer who was the first European to explore the area.    
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Livingstone,_Zambia


Livingstone Museum

Livingstone’s famous museum has four galleries: Prehistory (archaeology), Ethnography
and Art, History and Natural History. There is an interesting collection of
David Livingstone’s belongings and descriptions of his routes. Entry is nominal
and is open to the public from 8:30 to 16:30 hrs every day except Christmas and New Year.
http://www.zambiatourism.com/destinations/historic/museums


 Zambia_Livingstone_museet_Livingstone
En vanlig reisemåte på Livingstones tid.

 Zambia_Livingstone_museet_Livingstone
Slavemarkedet i Zanzibar

 Zambia_Livingstone_museet_Livingstone
Kart over reisene til Livingstone

 Zambia_Livingstone_markedet
Etter museumsbesøket var vi på to markeder i Livingstone.
Her er grønsaksmarkedet.


 Zambia_Livingstone_markedet
Småfisk og åmer

 Zambia_Livingstone_markedet
Bussen vår med bagasjehenger
Zambia_Livingstone_markedet
Etter grønsaksmarkedet satte vi kursen mot gresebyen Kazungula. Der skulle vi krysse elva Zambezi i båt.

Langs veien sto kilometervis med trailere i fergekø. De måtte regne med to uker i kø før de kom over
elva.

The Kazungula Ferry is a pontoon ferry across the 400 metres (1,300 ft) wide Zambezi River between Botswana and Zambia. It is one of the largest ferries in south-central Africa, having a capacity of 70 tonnes (69 long tons; 77 short tons).The service is provided by two motorised pontoons and operates between border posts at Kazungula, Zambia and Kazungula, Botswana.

 Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
In 2003 the ferry was the site of a disaster when a severely overloaded Zambian truck capsized one of the pontoons and 18 people drowned. The accident was blamed on the lack of weighbridges in Zambia to check the weight of trucks.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazungula_Ferry

 Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
Båten vi skal ha er kommet til
Kazungula.



 Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
Først skulle bagasjen ombord. Da det var gjort var det plass til noen passasjerer.

 Zambia_Botswana_grense

Kazungula Bridge is a road and rail bridge under construction over the Zambezi River between the countries of Zambia and Botswana at Kazungula.

In August 2007 the governments of Zambia and Botswana announced a deal to construct a bridge to replace the existing ferry.

Construction of the US$259.3 million project, which includes international border facilities in Zambia and Botswana officially began on 12 October 2014 and is due to be completed by 2018.

The 923-metre-long (3,028 ft) by 18.5-metre-wide (61 ft) bridge links the town of Kazungula in Zambia with Botswana and is curved to avoid the nearby borders of Zimbabwe and Namibia.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazungula_Bridge


 Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
Zambia_Botswana_grense
Det brukes enda uthulte trestammer til
å frakte varer med. Det virker ikke
veldig trygt.  Her er det både
krokodiller, flodhester og sikkert
andre ikke helt ufarlige dyr.

Botswana
 Zambia_Botswana_grense
Karl Martin går i land i Botswana
Zambia_Botswana_grense
Koffertene skal over i ny bagasjehenger
Botswana_grensen_til_Zambia_vassing_i_Zambezi

Mens vi ventet på resten av gruppa, fikk Karl Martin sjansen til å vasse i
Zambezi-elva.
Heldigvis kom ingen krokodiller krypende.


 Botswana-Zambia_grense_fergekaia

                  Botswana-Zambia_grense
Resten av reisefølge vårt ankommer Kazungula i Botswana

 Botswana-Zambia_grense

Country Size: Botswana covers an area of 581 730 square kilometres – about the size of France or Kenya.

Topography: Most of the country is flat, with some small hills in the eastern areas. Kalahari sands cover 84 percent of the surface area. With the exception of the northern areas, most of Botswana is without perennial surface water.

Capital: Gaborone

Independence day: 30 September 1966

The Republic of Botswana

Vi har vært gjennom
passkontroll og har vasket
skoa, så nå får vi reise videre
inn til Kasane.




Botswana is a rarity in our overpopulated, over-developed world. Untamed and
untameable, it is one of the last great
refuges for Nature’s magnificent
pageantry of life.

http://www.botswanatourism.co.bw/welcome-botswana
Botswana_Kasane_Grete
Government: Multi-party democracy

Population: 1.85 million, with an average annual growth rate of 2.4 % (2006 statistics)

National Language: Setswana

Official Language: English

Currency: Pula

Main Exports: Diamonds, copper nickel, beef, soda ash, tourism

Major Crops: Maize, sorghum, millet

http://www.botswanatourism.co.bw/welcome-botswana


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-safari-Lodge

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-safari-Lodge
Bildet er tatt fra rommet vårt på Chobe Safari Lodge
Chobe Safari Park
 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park_
På Safari
De første dyra vi så var disse bavianene


Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park_
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
The African buffalo is not an ancestor of domestic cattle and is only distantly related
to other larger bovines. Owing to its unpredictable nature, which makes it
highly dangerous to humans, the African buffalo has never been domesticated, unlike
its Asian counterpart, the water buffalo.
Other than humans, African Cape buffaloes have few predators aside from lions and
large crocodiles, and are capable of
defending themselves. Being a member of the big five game, the Cape buffalo is a sought-after trophy in hunting.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_buffalo



 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Afrikabladhøen, african Jacana (fuglen) og en krokodille.

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

The Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiaca) is
a member of the duck, goose, and swan family
Anatidae. It is native to Africa south of the Sahara
and the Nile Valley.

Egyptian geese were considered sacred by the
Ancient Egyptians, and appeared in much of their
artwork. They have been raised for food and
extensively bred in parts of Africa since they were domesticated by the ancient Egyptians. Because
of their popularity chiefly as ornamental bird,
escapes are common and small feral populations have become established in Western Europe.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_goose

Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

Mammal. Warthogs are members of the
pig family. Their curved tusks are used to
dig up roots and can grow into dangerous weapons. During fights, their faces are
protected by two protruding pads on
each side, called warts. In an emergency,
they can run at 55 km (34 mi) per hour.
http://www.switcheroozoo.com/profiles/warthog.htm




 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Vortesvin
Warthogs kneel on their front knees to feed because they have short necks and relativity
long legs. They have adapted by developing special kneepads
.
http://www.switcheroozoo.com/profiles/warthog.htm



 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Monitor lizards have long necks, powerful
tails and claws, and well-developed limbs.
The adult length of extant species ranges from 20 cm (7.9 in) in some species, to over 3 m
(10 ft) in the case of the Komodo dragon,
though the extinct varanid known as megalania (Varanus priscus) may have
been capable of reaching lengths of more
than 7 m (23 ft). Most monitor species are terrestrial, but arboreal and semiaquatic monitors are also known. While most monitor lizards are carnivorous, eating eggs, smaller reptiles, fish, birds and small mammals, some
also eat fruit and vegetation, depending on
where they live.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monitor_lizard


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Bøfler ved Chobe-elva
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Vi ser etter dyrespor,
men ser mest bilspor.

Hellig ibis. Holy Ibis (den svarte og hvite fuglen)
An adult individual is 68 cm (27 in) long with all-white body plumage apart from
dark plumes on the rump. The bald head and neck, thick curved bill and legs are
black. The white wings show a black rear border in flight. Sexes are similar,
but juveniles have dirty white plumage, a smaller bill and some feathering on the
neck.
This bird is usually silent, but occasionally makes some croaking noises, unlike its
vocal relative, the hadada ibis.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_sacred_ibis


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Krokodille

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Flodhest

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Elefanter

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Chobe

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Elefanter og krokodille

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Egrett-hegre, Great Egret
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Impala
The great egret (Ardea alba), also known as the common egret, large egret or (in the Old World)
great white heron, is a large, widely distributed egret, with four subspecies found in Asia, Africa,
the Americas, and southern Europe. Distributed across most of the tropical and warmer temperate regions of the world. It builds tree nests in colonies close to water.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_egret

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Lions are the only cats that live in groups, which are called prides. Prides are family units
that may include up to three males, a dozen or so females, and their young. All of a pride's lionesses are related, and female cubs typically stay with the group as they age. Young
males eventually leave and establish their own prides by taking over a group headed by
another male.   http://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/a/african-lion/


                    Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Female lions are the pride's primary hunters. They often work together to prey upon
antelopes, zebras, wildebeest, and other large animals of the open grasslands.
Many of these animals are faster than lions, so tea
mwork pays off.
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/a/african-lion/
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

En pause i safariparken.

Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Skyggen vår
Chobe National Park

Established in 1968, the park covers approximately 11 7 00 sq kms, encompassing floodplains, swamps and woodland. The Chobe River forms its northern boundary. There are four distinct geographical areas in the park: the Chobe Riverfront, the Ngwezumba pans, Savuté and Linyanti.

The most accessible and frequently visited of Botswana’s big game country, the Chobe Riverfront is most famous for its large herds of elephants and cape Buffalo, which during the dry winter months converge upon the river to drink. http://www.botswanatourism.co.bw/destination/chobe-national-park.  http://www.botswanatourism.co.bw/destination/chobe-national-park


                          Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park      
                         Sjiraffer og impala
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Sjiraffer
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
The Chobe River is the northern boundary of the Chobe National Park, where the great
elephant concentrations occur on the river during the dry season. The national park
encompasses a vast area that also includes Savuti.
http://www.botswana.co.za/Area_Guides-travel/chobe-faqs.html


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Sjiraff, impala, det ligger en sebra helt til høyre i bildet
og jeg tror det ligger noe i gresset foran sebraen.


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Sinna elefant

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Impalaflokk
Tirsdag 28. mars 2017
 

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Etter frokost blir det nok en spesiell tur, denne gangen safari med en bred, åpen båt med tak. Slik kommer vi tett innpå dyrene fra elvesiden. Man ser ofte bl.a. flodhester og mye fugler på denne turen og selvfølgelig mange elefanter som koser seg med ungene sine i vannet.

Om ettermiddagen slapper vi av ved bassenget eller tar en liten tur i byen.
Middag på hotellet.                  
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Lodge

Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Vannbukk
The waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) is a large antelope found widely in sub-Saharan Africa.
It is placed in the genus Kobus of the family Bovidae. It was first described by Irish naturalist
William Ogilby in 1833. The thirteen subspecies are grouped under two varieties: the common
or ellipsen waterbuck and the defassa waterbuck. The head-and-body length is typically
between 177–235 cm (70–93 in) and the average height is between 120 and 136 cm
(47 and 54 in).
The waterbuck is of a robust build. The shaggy coat is reddish brown to grey, and becomes progressively darker with age. Males are darker than females. Though apparently thick, the
hair is sparse on the coat. The hair on the neck is, however, long and shaggy. When sexually
excited, the skin of the waterbuck secretes a greasy substance with the odour of musk, giving
it the name "greasy kob". The odor of this is so unpleasant that it repels predators. This
secretion also assists in water-proofing the body when the animal dives into water.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waterbuck
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
The African Fish Eagle is a fairly large eagle.
It has a distinctive black, brown, and white plumage.

It is most frequently seen sitting high in a
tall tree from where it has a good view of
the stretch of river, lakeshore or coastline, which is its territory. Near a lake with an abundant food supply, a pair may require less 
than a  square mile of water to find enough food, whereas next to a small river, they may require a stretch of 15 miles or more. Some tend to move around to avoid the wettest weather, whereas others stay where they are all year round.
http://www.krugerpark.co.za/africa_fish_eagle.html


African fish eagles breed during the dry season, when water levels are low. They are believed to mate for life. Pairs often maintain two or more nests, which they frequently reuse. Because nests are reused and built upon over the years, they can grow quite large, some reaching 2 m (6.0 ft) across and 1.2 m (3.9 ft) deep. The nests are placed in a large tree and are built
mostly of sticks and other pieces of wood


The female lays one to three eggs, which are primarily white with a few reddish speckles. Incubation is mostly done by the female, but the male incubates when the female leaves
to hunt. Incubation lasts for 42 to 45 days before the chicks hatch. Siblicide does not
normally occur in this taxon, and the parents often successfully rear two or three chicks.
Chicks fledge around 70 to 75 days old. Postfledgling dependence lasts up to three months, whereafter the juveniles become nomadic, and may congregate in groups away from
territorial adults. Those that survive their first year have a life expectancy of some
12 to 24 years     https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_fish_eagle


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
The African jacana (Actophilornis africanus) is a wader in the family Jacanidae, identifiable by long toes and long claws that enable them to walk on floating vegetation in shallow lakes, their preferred habitat. Jacanas are found worldwide within the tropical zone, and this species is found in sub-saharan Africa.

The jacana has evolved a highly unusually polyandrous mating system, meaning that one female mates with multiple males and the male alone cares for the chicks. Such a system has evolved due to a combination of two factors: firstly, the lakes that the jacana lives on are so resource-rich that the relative energy expended by the female in producing each egg is effectively negligible. Secondly the jacana, as a bird, lays eggs and eggs can be equally well incubated and cared for by a parent bird of either gender. This means that the rate-limiting factor of the jacana's breeding is the rate at which the males can raise and care for the chicks. Such a system of females forming harems of males is in direct contrast to the more usual system of leks seen in animals such as stags and grouse, where the males compete and display in order to gain harems of females.

The parent that forms part of the harem is almost always the one that ends up caring for the offspring; in this case, each male jacana incubates and rears a nest of chicks. The male African jacana has therefore evolved some remarkable adaptations for parental care, such as the ability to pick up and carry chicks underneath its wings.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_jacana

 

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

The male is mainly glossy black with white streaking, but females and immature birds are browner.
The African darter differs in appearance from the American darter most recognisably by its thin
white lateral neck stripe against a rufous background colour. The pointed bill should prevent
confusion with cormorants.

It is an 80 cm long cormorant-like fish-eating species with a very long neck, like other anhingas.

This species builds a stick nest in a tree and lays 3–6 eggs. It often nests with herons, egrets and
cormorants
.

It often swims with only the neck above water, hence the common name snakebird. This, too, is
a habit shared with the other anhingas.

Unlike many other waterbirds the feathers of the African darter do not contain any oil and are
therefore not waterproof. Because of this, the bird is less positively buoyant and its diving
capabilities are enhanced. After diving for fish, the feathers can become waterlogged.
In order to be able to fly and maintain heat insulation, it needs to dry its feathers. Thus the
African darter is often seen sitting along the waterside spreading its wings and drying its
feathers in the wind and the sun along with cormorants which may share its habitat.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_darter



 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park


Chobe River

The river begins its existence as a small mountain spring in Angola, where it is known as the
Kwando (a Hambukushu name). From here, it travels great distances through the Kalahari
sands before it reaches Botswana and becomes the Linyanti (a Subiya name).

It finally becomes the Chobe at the border post of Ngoma, from where it continues to run along
Botswana’s northern border before meeting the mighty Zambezi and tumbling over the precipice
at Victoria Falls. The Chobe’s course, like the Okavango and the Zambezi River, is affected by
fault lines which are extensions of the Great Rift Valley.

By the time the river reaches the national park’s northern border, it has become a broad,
twisting mass of water that snakes its way through swampland and is interspersed by a
number of lush, green islands
http://www.chobenationalpark.com/chobe-river



 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park


Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

Fotografering av elefanter
 

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Cruiseskip på Chobe: over Chobe Princess

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Zambezi Queen

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Namibier på båttur

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Litt uenige

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
En liten slåsskamp

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
og så er de venner igjen

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Vi ser over til Namibia
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Black-Smith Povel, Smedvipe
The blacksmith lapwing or blacksmith plover
(Vanellus armatus) occurs commonly from
Kenya through central Tanzania to southern
and southwestern Africa. The vernacular name
derives from the repeated metallic 'tink, tink, tink'
alarm call, which suggests a blacksmith's hammer
striking an anvil.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blacksmith_lapwing


Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Flodhest igjen

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
og enda en krokodille

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Flagget til Botswana

The colours of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The light blue represents
water
—specifically, in its form of rain, as it is a precious resource in Botswana, which relies on
agriculture and suffers from frequent droughts due to the dry and arid climate of the Kalahari Desert.
The blue also alludes to the motto featured on the coat of arms of Botswana—Pula, which means
"Let there be rain" in Setswana—as well as life, which is sustained by water.

The black band with the white frame has two meanings. Firstly, they symbolize the harmony and
cooperation between the people of different races who live in Botswana, as well as the racial
diversity of the country.Furthermore, they represent the stripes of the zebra, the national
animal
 of Botswana.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Botswana

Namibia_Chobe_Safari-Park_Namibias-flagg
og flagget til Namibia
Namibias flagg
There are different accounts on how the
design was chosen. Frederick Brownell
claims that he designed the flag in his
role as South African State Herald.
The chairman of the subcommittee that
chose the flag out of 850 submissions
explained the symbolism of the flag's
colours as follows:

  • Red - represents Namibia's most important
  • resource, its people. It refers to their heroism
  • and their determination to build a future of
  •  equal opportunity for all.
  • White - refers to peace and unity.
  • Green - symbolises vegetation and
  • agricultural resources.


  • Blue - represents the clear Namibian sky and the Atlantic Ocean, the country's precious water
  • resources and rain.

Briton Roy Allen claims that the flag design was the result of a competition run by Hannes Smith of
the Windhoek Observer, and that he won. His intended symbolism meant the red bar across the flag
to stand for the blood shed during the Namibian War of Independence, green for the country's
agriculture, and blue to represent the Atlantic Ocean. The sun represented his hope for good
governance; the meaning stems from an Egyptian pictogram.

Red, white, and blue were the colours of the Democratic Turnhalle Alliance, and blue, red, and
green, the colours of SWAPO.

 

 Namibia_Chobe_Safari-Park_Namibias-flagg
Namibia

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park_The-Raft
Restauranten The Raft

Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park_The-Raft

 Botswana_Chobe_Safari_Lodge
Botswana_Chobe_Safari_Lodge
Lunsj på Chobe Safari Lodge
  Kasane
Botswana_Kasane
Kasane turistinformasjon

       Botswana_Chobe_Safari_Lodge

 Botswana_Kasane
Vortesvin på vei til Chobe Marina Lodge. Ambulansen må kjøre sakte.

 Botswana_Kasane
Dyra er framme ved lodgen

 Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge

Solnedgang over Chobe
Vi fikk musikk og dans til den siste middagen i Afrika. (Siste på denne turen)


Onsdag 29. mars 2017

Program for dagen:
Etter en rolig frokost sjekker vi ut fra
hotellet. Vi kjører til flyplassene i Kasane,
busstur på ca. 10 minutter.
Vi flyr først til Johannesburg. Derfra tar
vi fly til Heathrow, London

Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
Karl Martin får føttene i Chobe-elva også.
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge

Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge

Bilder fra salongen på lodgen
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge

Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
En rolig formiddag.
Flyet skulle ikke gå før kl 1400



 Botswana_Kasane_flyplass

 Botswana_Kasane_flyplass
Torsdag 30. mars 2017


Vi ankommer London om morgenen
og flyr videre til Oslo med ankomst
kl 1330.


Fra Gardermoen fortsatte de fleste i
gruppa vår med fly til Værnes.

Vi var ferdig med flyvninger for denne
gang og fortsatte med flytog og
buss hjem til Slemmestad.
London_Heathrow
Grete med wienerbrød og te på Heathrow

Bilder: Karl Martin Emblemsvåg og Grete Emblemsvåg
Tekst: Karl Martin Emblemsvåg, Grete Emblemsvåg og tekster fra internett og brosjyrer.
8.5.2017