tilbake til 1. side

Sør-Afrika,  Lesotho,  Zambia  og  Botswana

14. mars til 30. mars 2017

Franschhoek, Stellenbosch, Cape Town: Table Mountain, Robben Islandbysentrum,
Shipwreck trail, Cape of Good Hope, Cape Point, Simonstown med pingviner
township, (Langa, Khayelitscha og en til)
Durban, Sani Valley, Nelson Mandela Capture SiteNambiti private game reserve, Springbok Lodge, Soweto

Lesotho: Sani Pass

Zambia: Livingstone med kirkebesøk i pinsemenighetenZambezi-elva og Victoria Falls

Grensen mellom Zambia og Botswana:
Kazungula

Botswana: Kasane med Chobe National Park

På denne turen reiste vi med Smartreiser,  samme selskapet som vi
reiste med til Qatar og Nepal.
Vi var veldig fornøyd da, og er det etter denne turen også.


Det er fint om jeg får beskjed om feil og/eller mangler  grete@emblemsvaag.no

Endringer  27.8.2019

Tirsdag 14. mars 2017

Først buss og tog til Gardermoen.
Så med SAS til London,
Heathrow, så videre til
Johannesburg med South
African Airways, så fra
Johannesburg til
Cape Town med South
African Airways.
Fra Cape town kjørte vi
buss til Franschhoek og
var der den
første natta i Sør-Afrika.

London_Heathrow
Flyet vi skulle ha fra Heathrow til Johannesburg


Onsdag 15. mars 2017


 South-African-Airways
Etter en lang natt er vi over Victoriafallene. Heldigvis ikke så langt igjen

South-African-Airways

Soloppgang over sørlige Afrika

South-African-Airways
Ukuhamba Kukubona
Fra dagsprogrammet:

Vi lander  ca kl 1115 og blir møtt av våre sørafrikanske medhjelpere
og setter kursen direkte mot vinland og Franschhoek - opprinnelig
kjent som "Olivants Hoek" etter elefantene som slo seg ned her.
Mellom 1688 og 1690 ble området gitt til 200 hugenotter som hadde
flyktet fra forfølgelse i Frankrike.


South-Africa_Franschhoek_Nelson-Mandela
Første stopp på turen var ved
Nelson Mandelastatuen
utenfor Franschhoek

The Drakenstein Correctional Centre,
just outside Franschhoek, is where
former President Nelson Mandela
walked out a free man in 1990, after
spending 27 years behind bars.
The entrance to the correctional
centre, marked by a bronze statue of
Mandela with his fist aloft, has
become a tourist spot, as has the
house in which he spent the last few
months of his time in prison.
Most of Mandela’s incarceration was
spent on Robben Island, from 1964
until he was transferred to Pollsmoor
prison in 1982. In 1998 he was sent to
Victor Verster Prison, now named the Drakenstein Correctional Centre.

https://franschhoek.org.za/nelson-mandela-and-
franschhoek-visit-the-drakenstein-correctional-centre/

(19.8.2019)

Franschhoek
South-Africa_Franschhoek_Protea-hotel
I Franschhoek bodde vi på
 Protea hotel.


Vi spiste lunsj der før vi gikk
ut for å se på byen.

Til høyre:

Hugenottminnesmerket,
hugenottene var de første
europeerne som slo seg ned.



The Huguenot Memorial Monument in Franschhoek was inaugurated on
April 17th, 1948. With its simplicity and elegance of line the monument
displays a historic French character.The female figure, with the Bible in her
right hand and broken chain in her left hand, personifies the spirit of
religious freedom. The fleur-de-lis (French lily) on her robe represents
a noble spirit and character. She discards the cloak of suppression to
triumph above the earth globe in its own spiritual space. Her gaze is fixed
on a majestic vision of coming things. On the portrayed 
Hugenot-Monumentet
 South-Africa_Franschhoek_Hugenotmonumentet
Southernmost point of Africa to where the frail ships transported the
Huguenots, the symbols of their religion (the Bible), art and culture
(the harp), the agriculture and viticulture (the sheaf of corn and grape vine)
and industry (spinning wheel) are portrayed. 
The three lofty arches is a symbol of the Holy Trinity. Above it the Sun of
Righteousness shines, and above that the Cross as symbol of Christian faith
is mounted. The water pond, reflecting the colonnade behind it, expresses
the undisturbed tranquility of mind and spiritual peace the Huguenots
experienced after much conflict and strife.

http://www.hugenoot.org.za/huge2.htm



 South-Africa_Franschhoek_church
Hugenottenes, og områdets første kirke. Ganske enkel i eksteriør og interiør

Vi spiste lunsj på hotellet.
Etterpå tok vi en tur i byen
Franschhoek.

In the village you will find
wonderful crafts, art and
antique shops and galleries.
The main street is lined with
coffee shops and restaurants.
Only 45 minutes from
Cape Town Franschhoek is the
ideal base while you explore
the entire Cape winelands.
http://franschhoek.org.za/about-franschhoek/

South-Africa_Franschhoek
Han personlig
Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk, Dutch Reformed Church
The oldes portion of this church was erected in 1846 - 1847
and inaugurated on 18. april 1847. The northern and southern wings
were added in 1883.
National Monuments Council 1978

South-Africa_Franschhoek
Vi tester de lokale ølet.
South-Africa_Franschhoek


  South-Africa_Franschhoek_skulptur_krokodille

 South-Africa_Franschhoek
Utsikt fra Haute Cabriere

Dagen ble avsluttet med god mat og godt drikke
på restauranten Haute Cabriere.


Franschhoek’s iconic Haute Cabrière Restaurant & Terrace is well known for
its unique location and breathtaking views. Set into the Franschhoek
Mountain and overlooking the Valley, the soaring arches and the view over the cathedral-like Pinot Noir Barrel Maturation Cellar below offer an experience
which is not to be missed. On sunny days, guests can enjoy the beautiful vistas
over Franschhoek from the terrace, while on cool days a roaring fire creates
a cosy atmosphere.
(Haute Cabriere 2017)


(While our Restaurant and Tasting Room are closed for renovations, we will be
taking a presence with a pop-up Tasting Room at The Franschhoek Beer Co.

https://www.cabriere.co.za/restaurant/)   (19.8.2019)
Torsdag 16. mars 2017

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Vi blir hentet på hotellet og tatt med
på besøk til en vingård hvor vi får innføring i Sør-Afrikansk vin.
Vin er en av Sør-Afrikas stoltheter
og landet har sin egen drue, pinotage, som benyttes av mange vingårder.

South-Africa_Franschhoek

Vi besøker to ulike vingårder med vinsmaking på formiddagen og
avslutter oppholdet i vinland med utsøkt lunsj på en av gårdene.
Ut på formiddagen kjører vi inn til Cape Town,
en kort tur på bare ca 80 km.

Vi avslutter dagen med fantastisk utsikt over byen på toppen av det
1000 meter høye Table Mountain, Cape Towns landemerke.
Table Mountain er oppført på UNESCOs verdensarvliste
og er hjem til 1470 ulike plantearter.

Vi overnatter på City Lodge Hotel (16-20 mars)


 South-Africa_Franschhoek_Proea-hotel
Protea hotel Franschhoek
Hagen er gjort klar for en ny dag.

 South-Africa_Franschoek
Ankomst vingården Boschendal

Agriculture and a simple farm lifestyle is at the heart of Boschendal.
One of the oldest farms in South Africa, founded 1685, the farm has grown
with the passing centuries into a cherished source of wholesome produce,
great wines and happy memories.

http://www.boschendal.com/


 South-Africa_Boschendal
Fra vingården der vi fikk smake, og handle

 South-Africa_Boschendal

 South-Africa_Boschendal
South-Africa_Boschendal
Vi fikk smake fem viner
Blanc de Noir, le Bouquet, Shiraz og Chardonnay, Sommelier Selection Pinotage
South-Africa_Boschendal_wine-tram
Den grønne bussen: www.winetram.co.za.
den andre bussen er vår.


Stellenbosch

The Kruithuis with its barrel
vault was built as arsenal for
the Council of Policy by the
mason Michael Rambusch in
1777.

It is the only monument in
Stellenbosch bearing the monogram
of The Dutch East India Company:
VGOC (Vereenighde Geoctroijeerde Oostindische Compagnie),
reminding "us of the long
uninterrupted period of 116 years
during which Stellenbosch fell under
the control of the Chartered East
India Company. 
   South-Africa_Stellenbosch_krutthus
For years after it had stopped fulfilling
its original function, the Kruithuis was
used as a market building.

It is said that even slaves were sold by
auction here."
Ters van Huyssteen,
Footloose in Stellenbosch.

It is now a museum.


 South-Africa_Stellenbosch
Markedet der Karl Martin ble fristet til å kjøpe skjorten.
Til over dobbel pris av det en annen i følget betale på et annet marked,
men skitt au, det var billigere enn det ville kostet i en norsk butikk.
South-Africa_Stellenbosch
South-Africa_Stellenbosch
Laget av slike perler som brukes i barnehaver


Stellenbosch (/ˈstɛlənbɒʃ/; Afrikaans: [ˈstɛlənbɔs])is a town in the Western Cape
province of South Africa, situated about 50 kilometres (31 miles) east of Cape
Town, along the banks of the Eerste River. It is the second oldest European
settlement in the province, after Cape Town.
The town became known as the City of Oaks or Eikestad in Afrikaans and Dutch
due to the large number of oak trees that were planted by its founder, Simon van
der Stel, to grace the streets and homesteads. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellenbosch

 
Universitetet i Stellenbosch regnes som et av de beste i Afrika.

 South-Africa_Stellenbosch

 South-Africa_Stellenbosch
Avontuur Estate

Her spiste vi først lunsj. Etterpå ble det mer vinsmaking.
South-Africa
flaskekosttre

Family: Myrtaceae (mir-TAY-see-ee))
Genus: Callistemon (kal-lis-STEE-mon)


South-Africa
South-Africa
God lunsj på Avontuur Estate
Cape Town
 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_utsikt_Lions-Head
Startpunkt for gondolheisen til Table Mountain

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
Table Mountain

Whether it is covered in a blanket of moody clouds or showing off
against a crisp cloudless blue sky, Table Mountain is always
spectacular.Cape Town locals are pretty fond of the mountain that
looms over their city… and with good reason! Table Mountain,
which is home to the richest, yet smallest floral kingdom on earth,
was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2011.
Flanked by Devil’s Peak and Lion’s Head, Table Mountain makes up
the northern end of the Cape Fold Mountain range. It’s hard to
imagine, but the mountain’s distinctive flat top – a three-kilometre
level plateau – was once the bottom of a valley! The mountain was
given its name — Taboa do Cabo (Table of the Cape) — by Antonio
de Saldahna after he climbed up Platteklip Gorge in 1503.
Legend has it that the tablecloth of clouds that pours over the
mountain when the southeaster blows is the result of a smoking
contest between the devil and a retired sea captain called
Jan van Hunks.

https://www.capetown.travel/explore-cape-towns-iconic-table-mountain/(20.8.2019)

The easiest option for getting up the mountain is the cableway, which has
attracted a whopping 24 million visitors since it first opened in 1929.
Significantly revamped in 1997, the cable-cars now carry up to 65 passengers
per trip. The journey up the mountain takes about five minutes and the cars
rotate through 360 degrees during the trip, giving you spectacular views of
the mountain below. Cars depart from the lower cable station on Tafelberg
Road every 10 to 15 minutes, but you can expect to spend a fair amount of
time in the queue during peak season. The cableway doesn’t operate if the
wind is too strong or the visibility too poor, so check in advance if the
conditions seem unfavourable.

While the cableway is convenient and fun, you’ll get a much richer experience by
hiking up or down yourself. Platteklip Gorge, a prominent gorge up the centre of
the main table, is one of the most popular routes up the mountain. While quite
steep, the ascent is pretty straightforward and should take between one and
three hours depending on your fitness level. A trickier route starting on that side
of the mountain is India Venster, which requires you to do a fair bit of scrambling.
This route can take between two and four hours and should only be tackled by
those who are fit and are familiar with the route. On the Atlantic side of the
mountain, Kasteelspoort, which offers incredible views of Camps Bay, is the
easiest route
.

https://www.capetown.travel/explore-cape-towns-iconic-table-mountain/
(20.8.2019)

 

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_fra_gondolen
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
By the 1870s, Capetonians had proposed
a railway to the top of Table Mountain,
but plans were halted by the Anglo-Boer
War.
The City Council began investigating the options again in 1912, but this was in
turn halted by the First World War.
Despite initial cost estimates of
GB£100,000 (equivalent to
£38,800,000 in 2011 pounds) to build
the cableway the city's population

was supportive of the project and in a referendum overwhelmingly voted in
support of the project.
A Norwegian engineer, Trygve Stromsoe, presented plans for a cableway in 1926,
and construction began soon after with the formation of the Table Mountain Aerial
Cableway Company (TMACC). Former world leading wire ropeway company Adolf Bleichert & Co. from Leipzig (Germany) was awarded the contract for the construction. It was completed in 1929 at a cost of GB£60,000 (equivalent to
 £11,400,000 in 2011 pounds) and the cableway was opened on October 4, 1929, by the Mayor of Cape Town AJS Lewis. The cableway has been upgraded three times since then. Sir David Graaff, a leading industrialist, former mayor of Cape Town and
government minister, also invested heavily in the project.
In 1993, the son of one of the founders sold the TMACC and the new owners took
charge of upgrading the cableway. In 1997, the cableway was reopened after
extensive renovations, and new cars were introduced.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_Mountain_Aerial_Cableway(20.8.2019)

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_mot_Lions-Head
Lion's Head is a mountain in Cape Town, South Africa,
between Table Mountain and Signal Hill. Lion's Head peaks at
669 metres (2,195 ft) above sea level. The peak forms part of a
dramatic backdrop to the city of Cape Town and is part of the
Table Mountain National Park.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lion%27s_Head_(Cape_Town)


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
Utsikt fra Table Mountain
Klippegrevling
On your visit to Table Mountain
you will definitely encounter the rock hyrax, a small furry diurnal animal belonging to the Provavidae family,
more commonly known as a dassie. Although it resembles a small rabbit,
the dassie is actually a hoofed
mammal related to the elephant.
It has a short, furry body with
short hoofed legs and a small tail.
Thanks to special pads on the soles
of its damp feet, which act as
suction cups on rocky surfaces,
the dassie is an agile climber. 

http://www.tablemountain.net/blog/entry/table-mountain-for-nature-lovers

Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_kappklippegrevling



South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
Undres hva de ser,
over de høye kanter?
Jeg tror det er en
kappgrevling.



 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain

Many locals and overseas visitors take the challenge of hiking up the mountain for
granted. On numerous occasions, I`ve come across people wearing inappropriate
hiking gear such as, slippers and denim jeans. Often people would start a hike,
late afternoon, on a windy day, and there`s no guarantee that the Table Mountain
Aerial Cableway would be operating once they reach the top.

The ignorance of some visitors who hike up the mountain, has lead to many
unfortunate incidents over the years. In 2009 there were 15 reported
deaths on Table Mountain, and 9 reported so far during 2010.
Table Mountain is reportedly more dangerous than Mount Everest! 
https://www.awoltours.co.za/blog/2010/07/14/table-mountain-the-worlds-most-
underestimated-mountain/

  South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain
Kappkråke
The Cape crow or black crow
(Corvus capensis) is slightly larger
(48–50 cm in length) than the
carrion crow and is completely
black with a slight gloss of
purple in its feathers. It has
proportionately longer legs, wings
and tail too and has a much longer,
slimmer bill that seems to be
adapted for probing into the
ground for invertebrates.
The head feathers have a
coppery-purple gloss and the
throat feathers are quite long and
fluffed out in some calls and
displays. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_crow


South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_firfisle
The lizards most
commonly spotted on
Table Mountain are the
southern rock agama,
the black girdled lizard
and the Cape skink.
The male agama is a
particularly interesting
sight during mating
season, when its head
turns bright blue. 
http://www.tablemountain.net/
blog/entry/table-mountain-for-
nature-lovers

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Table-Mountain_red-wing
Rødvingestær
The red-winged starling
(Onychognathus morio) is a
bird of the starling family
Sturnidae native to eastern
Africa from Ethiopia to the
Cape in South Africa.
It is known in Afrikaans
as the rooivlerkspreeu, and as iSomi in Xhosa and Zulu.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red-
winged_starling



 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront_clocktower

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront


The Victorian Gothic-style Clock Towe
r is an icon of the old
Cape Town harbour.
It was the original Port Captain's Office built in 1882.
The pointed Gothic windows surrounds the structure with a clock,
imported from Edinburgh, as a main feature. The red walls are the
same colour as they were in the 1800's, having been carefully
matched to scrapings of the original paint.
On the second floor is a decorative mirror room which alowed the
captain an overall view of harbour activities.
On the ground floor is a tidal gauge mechanism which was used to
check the level of the tide for ships entering or leaving the docks.
The Clock Tower has begun to lean to one side, obout 50 mm.
This has since been arrested.
The tower has been a focal point in the Victoria & Alfred
Waterfronts urban renewal.

http://www.cape-town-heritage.co.za/heritage-site/clock-tower.html

The V&A Waterfront is situated in the oldest working harbour in South Africa.
With Table Mountain as its backdrop and extensive views of the ocean,
the V&A boasts 22 heritage sites across the property. The mixed-used property,
at a size of 123-hectares is home to different experiences which range from
leisure and shopping to family entertainment. In addition,
the V&A also includes residential and commercial property.


Developed in 1988 by the state owned Transnet, the V&A is now owned by
Growthpoint and the Government Employees Pension Fund (GEPF), represented
by the Public Investment Corporation Limited (PIC). Contributing R259.1 billion
in nominal terms to the South African economy over the last twelve years, the
V&A Waterfront’s cumulative contribution to the provincial GGP since 2002 was
over R227 billion. Total visitor numbers have grown to 24 million a year by 2014
(at year end). Although the V&A Waterfront remains South Africa’s favourite
tourist attraction for international tourists they account for only 23% of all
visitors. Visits by locals increased to 63%, while 14% of visitors were from
upcountry.

The V&A forms part of the Cape Town Big 7, one destination comprising of 7
memorable experiences. Other partners of the Cape Town Big 7 include Cape
Point, Groot Constantia, Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, Robben Island,
Table Mountain Cableway and City Walk. 

http://www.waterfront.co.za/tourismtoolkit

Fredag 17. mars 2017

Fra dagsprogrammet: Vi starter dagen med båttur til den kjente
fangeøya  Robben Island, hvor Nelson Mandela sonet mesteparten
av sin tid i fengsel.
Han ble løslatt i februar 1990 og i 1996 ble Robben Island museet
etablert som et nasjonalmonument og et nasjonalt museum.
Guidene på øya er tidligere politiske fanger og turen er derfor
garantert å gjøre et inntrykk på alle de besøkende.

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront_clocktower

 South_Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront_Jester
Dagen startet med tett tåke. Båtturen ut til Robben Island som skulle ta
30 minutter til over dobbelt så lang tid.

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront_Sea-Pride
SeaPride
South_Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront_Sikhululekile
Sikhululekile, en av båtene som
går til Robben Island


South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Tåka ligger tjukk i Cape Town havn.

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
"Berlevåg" bølgebryter
Robben Island is a complex, sensitive eco-system and as such is protected by
South African Law as a nature conservation area. In addition to this it is
designated a World Heritage Site and has to balance additional stringent conservation requirements in line with RIM’s mission of ensuring public
access to the Island’s heritage. The Island’s complex and sensitive ecosystem
includes Birdlife, Natural Vegetation, Marine and Wildlife, Geology and
Cultural Conservation sites.

http://www.robben-island.org.za/learn#conservation

Now, Robben Island is a World Heritage Site and museum, offering daily tours.
The tour begins at the Nelson Mandela Gateway at the V&A Waterfront with a
multimedia exhibition, museum shop and restaurant, after which, guests hop
onto the ferry for a scenic trip to the island. Once on Robben Island itself, the
tour is guided by a former political prisoner of the island, for unique and
incomparable insights into the island’s history.

http://www.capetown.travel/products/robben-island-museum


South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
The island was also used as
a
leper colony and animal
quarantine
station.
Starting in 1845 lepers from the
 Hemelen-Aarde
(heaven and earth)
leper colon near

Caledon were moved to
Robben Island when

Hemel-en-Aarde
was
found unsuitable as a
leper colony. 
Initially this was done on a voluntary basis and the lepers were free to
leave the
island if they so wished. In April 1891 the cornerstones for 11
new buildings to house lepers were laid.

After the introduction of the Leprosy Repression Act in May 1892 admission
was no longer voluntary and the movement of the lepers was restricted.
Prior to 1892 an average of about 25 lepers a year were admitted to
Robben Island, but in 1892 that number rose to 338, and in 1893 a further
250 were admitted. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robben_Island

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Due to the maritime danger
that
Robben Island presents to
shipping,
Jan van Riebeeck, the
first Dutch
colonial
administrator in Cape
Town in
the 1650s, ordered that
huge
bonfires were to be lit at night

on top of Fire Hill, the highest
point
on the island (now Minto
Hill).

These were to warn VOC ships
approaching the island.
In 1865 Robben Island lighthouse
was completed
on Minto Hill. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robben_Island

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Lagdelte bergarter, det er det mye av
Robben Island (Afrikaans: Robbeneiland) is an island in Table Bay, 6.9 km
west of the coast of Bloubergstrand, Cape Town, South Africa. The name is
Dutch for "seal island." Robben Island is roughly oval in shape, 3.3 km long
north-south, and 1.9 km wide, with an area of 5.07 km². It is flat and only a
few metres above sea level, as a result of an ancient erosion event.
Nobel Laureate and former President of South Africa Nelson Mandela was
imprisoned there for 18 of the 27 years he served behind bars before
the fall of apartheid. To date, three of the former inmates of Robben Island
have gone on to become President of South Africa: Nelson Mandela,
Kgalema Motlanthe, and current President Jacob Zuma.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robben_Island


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Vi ser fra Robben Island til Table Mountain. Tåka holder på å forsvinne.

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Fra ferga går man over i bussene og får en guida tur rundt på øye.
With the end of apartheid, the
island has become a popular
destination with global tourists.
It is managed by Robben Island
Museum (RIM); which operates
the site as a living museum.
In 1999 the island was declared a
World Heritage Site.
Every year thousands of visitors
take the ferry from the Victoria
& Alfred Waterfront in Cape Town
for tours of the island and its
former prison.
Many of the guides are former
prisoners. All land on the island
is owned by the state of South
Africa with the exception of the
island church. It is open all year
around, weather permitting. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robben_Island
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Celle i fenglet
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Mandelas celle


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
Mye piggtråd rundt fengselsområdet


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Robben-Island
South-Africa_Cape-Town
Fra havnen i Water front

 

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
Lunsj i Waterfront
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
Etter lunsjen tok vi en rusletur i Cape Town sentrum.

Cape Town (Afrikaans: Kaapstad [ˈkɑːpstat]; Xhosa: Ikapa) is a coastal city in
South Africa.
It is the second-most populous urban area in South Africa after Johannesburg.
It is also the capital and primate city of the Western Cape province.

As the seat of the Parliament of South Africa, it is also the legislative capital of
the country. It forms part of the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality.
The city is famous for its harbour, for its natural setting in the Cape Floristic
Region, and for such well-known landmarks as Table Mountain and Cape Point.

The earliest known remnants in the region were found at Peers Cave in Fish
Hoek and date to between 15,000 and 12,000 years ago.

According to the South African National Census of 2011,
the population of the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality –
an area that includes suburbs and exurbs not always considered
as part of Cape Town – is 3,740,026 people. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_Town

Rusletur i bysentrum

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_old_City-Hall_og_Cable-Mountain
Built in 1905, Cape Town’s City Hall is the first place from where Nelson Mandela
spoke after his release from prison in 1990.
The honey-coloured City Hall in Cape Town has seen many changes in its years
of standing vigil on the Grand Parade. It has seen South Africa develop into the
multi-cultural melting pot that it is today, and played a very important role in
that change.
Addressing over 10 000 jubilant people just hours after his release, Mandela
famously had to borrow his wife’s reading glasses as he had left his in prison.
His speech, started with the words: "Comrades and fellow South Africans, I greet
you all in the name of peace, democracy and freedom. I stand here before you not
as a prophet, but as a humble servant of you the people."
https://www.southafrica.net/za/en/travel/article/cape-town-city-hall-a-grand-old-building (20.8.2019)
South-Africa_Cape-Town
South-Africa_Cape-Town

Monument to
Robert Falcon Scott

Over til venstre: Mythological Landscape
A celebration of diversity
Sculptured by: John Skotnes



South-Africa_Cape-Town

A story of joy, pain, tears, laughter, disappointment, fear, hope – and all the
that characterize us as a nation.
Opened in1679, the Castle is the oldest surviving building in South Africa and
has been the centre of civilian, political
and military life at the Cape and the
nation since.
https://castleofgoodhope.co.za/ (20.8.2019)



Captain Robert Falcon Scott, CVO, RN (6 June 1868 – c. 29 March 1912) was a
British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic
regions: the Discovery Expedition, 1901–04, and the ill-fated Terra Nova
Expedition, 1910–13.

(Wikipedia)

Transcription of inscription in V-cut letters on polished granite on front face of Memorial:

"HAD WE LIVED, I SHOULD HAVE HAD A TALE TO TELL OF THE HARDIHOOD, ENDURANCE, AND COURAGE OF MY COMPANIONS WHICH WOULD HAVE STIRRED THE HEART OF EVERY ENGLISHMAN. THESE ROUGH NOTES AND OUR DEAD BODIES MUST TELL THE TALE." SCOTT'S DIARY

Transcription of engraved rectangular bronze plaques on side of Memorial:

English:

REPLICA OF THE MEMORIAL UNVEILED NEAR
THIS SPOT ON 15TH MAY 1916

THE ORIGINAL MADE OF ELANDS RIVER STONE
WAS IRREPARABLY DAMAGED IN JUNE 1948

http://www.artefacts.co.za/main/Buildings/bldgframes.php?bldgid=6747


 South-Africa_Cape-Town
Blomstermarkedet i Cape Town
The Adderley Street Flower Market is a lively place to walk through in
downtown Cape Town.
The market itself has been in its current location—tucked in an alleyway
called Trafalgar Place—for at least 100 years. Passing through the market
is not only an interesting cultural connection (most sellers are of Malay origin),
but it also gives you an opportunity to buy a small gift if you're visiting friends
or staying with hosts. You'll find all different kinds of indigenous flowers and
fynbos here; the protea and pincushion varieties are especially pretty.

https://www.afar.com/places/adderley-street-flower-market-cape-town
South-Africa_Cape-Town
South-Africa_Cape-Town
Fra vm i fotball?


Representations of the protea have become synonymous with South Africa, but
today these beauties are available all over the world. Here are ten facts to know
about this large genus of flowering plants.
Dating back approximately 300 million years, proteas are considered to be
among the oldest families of flowering plants on the planet.
Because of this, it is believed that the protea genus originated on the
super-continent Gondwana. When the continent eventually split, proteas were
spread across different continents and countries including Australia, New Zealand and South America.

The father of taxonomy and botanist, Swedish-born Carl Linnaeus, gave the protea (proteaceae) its name in 1735.

Proteas are named after Proteus, son of Poseidon and shape-shifter, highlighting
the variety of plants found within the large proteaceae family.

https://theculturetrip.com/africa/south-africa/articles/10-fascinating-facts-
to-know-about-the-protea-south-africas-national-flower/
(20.8.2019)

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
Selene har funnet seg en friplass midt i havna, til glede for turister med kamera


The seals of South Africa : Seals belong to the order Pinnipedia of which
there are 33 species worldwide. These fall into two categories.
Fur seals – Otariidae – or sea lions, have external ears and hind limbs
that can be rotated forward to allow them to walk and climb on land.
True seals – Phocidae – have hind limbs that cannot be rotated forward
and have no external ears. Only one species, the cape fur seal is
resident in South Africa. Other species occasionally occur as vagrants.

http://www.oceansafrica.com/seals-of-south-africa/

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
Over: kapproingstrening
Til venstre: et yndet fotopunkt, det var kø for å slippe til.


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
4 fredsprisvinnere fra Sør-Afrika

South Africa and the Nobel Prize
Winners of Nobel Prizes resident in South Africa at the time of the award:

1. Max Theiler: Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (1951) 
2. Albert Lutuli: Nobel Prize in Peace (1960) 
3. Desmond Tutu: Nobel Prize in Peace (1984) 
4. Nadine Gordimer: Nobel Prize in Literature (1991) 
5. Nelson Mandela: Nobel Prize in Peace (1993) 
6. Frederik W. de Klerk: Nobel Prize in Peace (1993) 
7. John M. Coetzee: Nobel Prize in Literature (2003)

Winners of Nobel Prize who were born in South Africa and who were
resident elsewhere at time of the award:

8. Allan M. Cormack: Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (1979) 
9. Sydney Brenner: Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (2002)
https://www.zuidafrika.nl/nobel-prize
(20.8.2019)

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront

Bøttekunst i Waterfront

 

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
En bra middag på en forholdsvis pen og rolig restaurant med navnet Karibu

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Waterfront
Kanalbruen, ble svingt til side når båter skulle passere
Lørdag 18. mars 2017

Busstur til Shipwrecktrail, Kapp det Gode håp,
Cape Point og Simonstown

Før vi startet bussturen fikk vi møte Christo Brand på hotellet vi bodde.
Han hadde vært fangevokter for Nelson Mandela.
Christo Brand hadde skrevet en bok om tiden med Mandela:
"DoingLife with Mandela".
Han hadde selvfølgelig med boka, og han fikk solgt en del eksemplarer.
Christo Brand was a South African farm boy, born into the Afrikaans culture
which had created apartheid to persecute black people and claim superiority
for whites. Nelson Mandela, also raised in a rural village, was the black son of
a tribal chief. He trained as a lawyer to take up the fight against apartheid on
behalf of a whole nation. Their opposing worlds collided when Christo, a raw
recruit from the country's prison service, was sent to Robben Island to guard
the notoriously dangerous terrorists there. Mandela was their undisputed
leader. The two of them, a boy of 18 and a long-suffering freedom fighter
then aged 60, could well have become bitter enemies. Instead, they formed
an extraordinary friendship through small human kindnesses. 

https://www.amazon.com/Mandela-My-Prisoner-Friend/dp/1782197435



South-Africa_Cape-Town_lighthouse
South-Africa_Cape-Town_strand
The Green Point Lighthouse was
first lit on 12 April 1824.
It was the first solid lighthouse
structure on the South African coast
and is the oldest operational
lighthouse in the country.

The lighthouse was designed by the German architect Herman Shutte.
Building commenced in 1821 and was completed in 1823.
In 1865 the building was extended to its present height.
Many locals mistakenly refer to the Green Point lighthouse as the
Mouille Point lighthouse. There was indeed a Mouille Point
lighthouse, built in 1842, but it was dismantled sometime in the
1920's.The Green point lighthouse is a national heritage site and is
open to the public for a fee.

https://www.cape-town-heritage.co.za/heritage-site/green-point-lighthouse.html (20.8.2019)

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_strand
Chapmans Peak

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Chapmans-Peak-Drive
Chapmans Peak Drive synes så vidt i fjellsida.

 South-Africa_Chapmans-Peak-Drive
Denne snirkleveien, omtrent hugget ut i fjellsiden, knapt nok bred nok
for sykkel, og med meget løst og oppsprukket fjell over.
Ligger på 5 på topp over mine farligste bussturer

Chapman's Peak Drive

Chapman’s Peak Drive on the Atlantic Coast between Hout Bay and Noordhoek
in the Cape Peninsula is one of the most spectacular marine drives in the
world.
Chapman’s Peak Drive is affectionately known as “Chappies” and is a must for
anyone who is passionate about the majestic scenery of Cape Town.


Initially constructed during the First World War, this 9km route with its 114 curves,
skirts Chapman's Peak, the 593m high southerly extension of Constantia Berg,
and follows the rocky coastline to unfold breathtaking views in both directions.

The route starts at the picturesque fishing harbour of Hout Bay and the climb
winds steeply up to Chapman's Point, revealing breathtaking views of the sandy
bays down below, until the road reaches lower levels again at Noordhoek.
https://www.chapmanspeakdrive.co.za/the-drive.html (20.8.2019)
South-Africa
Karl Martin i døra på bussen
South-Africa_apekatter
The baboon, of all the primates
in East Africa, most frequently
interacts with people. Apart
from humans, baboons are the
most adaptable of the ground-
dwelling primates and live in a
wide variety of habitats.
Intelligent and crafty,
they can be agricultural pests,
so they are treated as vermin
rather than wildlife.  

http://www.outtoafrica.nl/
animals/engbaboon.html


Shipwreck Trail

 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail

 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
Et øde og kjedelig område, minnet mye om det ut mot kysten på Sunnmøre
South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
Vi gikk og gikk.
Både over steiner og
langs fine strender.
En fin tur, men vi 
skulle ha hatt litt bedre tid.



 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail

 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
Jada, bølgen rakk opp i buksen, lærer aldri

 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail

Thomas T. Tucker SS (Hull Number 269) was a Liberty ship, built by The Houston
Shipbuilding Corporation for service as a troop & weapons carrier.
Liberty ships were named after prominent (deceased) Americans, starting with
Patrick Henry and the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
She was named after Thomas Tudor Tucker, an American physician and politician
from Charleston, South Carolina.
She ran aground off Oliphantsbos Point, near Cape Point, on November 27, 1942
during heavy fog while on her maiden voyage from New Orleans to Suez.

German U-Boats actively patrolled the South African coast during
World War II.
This resulted in the Thomas T. Tucker sailing close to the coast when the sea was
rough. The captain misjudged the ship´s location because of the heavy fog,
assuming they were close to Robben Island. Thinking they were not far from Cape
Town, her crew relaxed and later the she ran aground. After an investigation it was discovered that the ship´s compass was out by 37°, although no conclusive reason
was found for the incident.

http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?136681

 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail

 South-Africa_Shipwrecktrail
South-Africa_Cape-of-Good-Hope_bontebok
(20.8.2019)
The Bontebok is a
medium-sized, generally
dark brown antelope

with a prominent, wide
white
blaze on its face,
with a pure white rump,
belly and hocks,
and
black-tipped tail.
Both sexes have horns,
although
the horns of
rams are heavier
and
longer than those of
ewes.

http://www.krugerpark.co.
za/africa_bontebok.html



The Cape of Good Hope (Afrikaans: Kaap die Goeie Hoop

[ˌkɑːp di ˌχujə ˈɦʊəp], Dutch: Kaap de Goede Hoop [ˌkaːb də ˌɣudə ˈɦoːp]
Portuguese: Cabo da Boa Esperança [ˈkabu dɐ ˈboɐ ʃpɨˈɾɐ̃sɐ]) is a rocky
headland on the Atlantic coast of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa.

There is a common misconception that the Cape of Good Hope is the southern
tip of Africa, a misconception developed prior to contemporary scientific
knowledge that was based on the belief that the Cape was the dividing point
between that the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. In fact, the southernmost point
of Africa is Cape Agulhas, about 150 kilometres (90 mi) to the east-southeast.

The currents of the two oceans meet at the point where the warm-water Agulhas current meets the cold water Benguela current and turns back on itself—a
point that fluctuates between Cape Agulhas and Cape Point (about 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) east of the Cape of Good Hope).

When following the western side of the African coastline from the equator, however, the Cape of Good Hope marks the point where a ship begins to travel
more eastward than southward. Thus, the first modern rounding of the cape in 1488 by Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias was a milestone in the
attempts by the Portuguese to establish direct trade relations with the Far East (although Herodotus mentioned a claim that the Phoenicians had done so
far earlier). Dias called the cape Cabo das Tormentas ("Cape of Storms"; Dutch: Stormkaap), which was the original name of the "Cape of Good Hope".
It was later renamed by John II of Portugal as "Cape of Good Hope" (Cabo da Boa Esperança) because of the great optimism engendered by the opening of a
sea route to India and the East.  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_of_Good_Hope
Kapp det Gode Håp

 South-Africa_Cape-of-Good-Hope
Grete på fotopunktet på Kapp det Gode Håp

   South-Africa_Cape-of-Good-Hope
Karl Martin samme sted.

The Cape of Good Hope is at the southern tip of the Cape
Peninsula, about 2.3 kilometres (1.4 mi) west and a little
south of Cape Point on the south-east corner.
Cape Town is about 50 kilometres to the north of the Cape,
in Table Bay at the north end of the peninsula.
The peninsula forms the western boundary of False Bay.
Geologically, the rocks found at the two capes, and indeed
over much of the peninsula, are part of the Cape Supergroup, and are
formed of the same type of sandstones as Table Mountain itself. Both the
Cape of Good Hope and Cape Point offer spectacular scenery; the whole of
the southernmost portion of the Cape Peninsula is a wild, rugged, scenic
and generally unspoiled national park.

The term the Cape has also been used in a wider sense, to indicate the area of
the European colony
centred on Cape Town, and the later South African
province. Since 1994, it has been broken up into
three smaller provinces: the
Western Cape, Eastern Cape and Northern Cape; parts of the province
were
also absorbed into the North West. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_of_Good_Hope
  • Legends
  • Adamastor is a Greek-type mythological character invented by the Portuguese
  • poet Luís de Camões in his epic poem Os Lusíadas (first printed in 1572), as a
  • symbol of the forces of nature Portuguese navigators had to overcome during
  • their discoveries and more specifically of the dangers Portuguese sailors faced
  • when trying to round the Cape of Storms.
  • The Cape of Good Hope is the legendary home of The Flying Dutchman.
  •  Crewed by tormented and damned ghostly sailors, it is doomed forever to
  • beat its way through the adjacent waters without ever succeeding in
  • rounding the headland.

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_of_Good_Hope
Cape Point
        South-Africa_Cape-Point
South-Africa_Cape-Point
Over: Bra øl, elendig mat,
men ligger man bra plassert
er det greit, det er neppe
noen som kommer flere
ganger

Til høyre: fin spasertur opp til fyret

Restaurantens navn er Two Oceans

 South-Africa_Cape-Point

 South-Africa_Cape-Point
Sydpolen i det fjerne

 South-Africa_Cape-Point
Named the ‘Cape of Storms’ by Bartolomeu Dias in 1488; the ‘Point’ was
treated with respect by sailors for centuries. By day, it was a navigational
landmark and by night, and in fog, it was a menace beset by violent storms
and dangerous rocks that over the centuries littered shipwrecks around
the coastline.
In 1859 the first lighthouse was completed; it still stands at 238
metres above sea-level
on the highest section of the peak and is now used as the centralised
monitoring point for all the lighthouses on the coast of South Africa.
Access to this historical building is by an exhilarating three-minute
ride in the wheelchair-accessible Flying Dutchman funicular that
transfers visitors from the lower station at 127 metres above sea-level,
to the upper station. 

http://capepoint.co.za/about/
Apart from offering visitors an exciting and novel method of travel, taking the
Flying Dutchman funicular saves visitors an uphill walk from the car park to s
ee the old lighthouse and enjoy the panoramic views.
The Flying Dutchman Funicular, also known as the Cape Point Funicular, is a
funicular railway located at Cape Point. It is believed to be the only commercial
funicular of its type in Africa, and takes its name from the local legend of the
Flying Dutchman ghost ship.
The line runs from a lower station at the Cape Point car park, up an incline
through dense fynbos to the upper lighthouse. The funicular leaves from the
lower station every three minutes, comfortably accommodates 40 passengers
per car, and can transport 450 persons to the upper lighthouse per hour,
making it the ideal way to whisk closer to the lighthouse even during peak times.
http://capetownpass.travel/attraction-CapePoint.html(20.8.2019)


 South-Africa_Cape-Point
Det blåser på Cape Point, selv om dette vel ble regnet som en fin og rolig dag.

 South-Africa_Cape-Point

 South-Africa_Cape-Point

False Bay, dit mange skip
ble "lurt" inn fordi skipperen
trodde de hadde rundet Afrika.
Pga av den fremherskende
vind og strømretningen går
det fort å seile inn,
men det tok ofte
ukevis å komme ut igjen.
South-Africa_Cape-Point_False-Bay_Karl-Martin

Det tok seks år å bygge det nye fyret på Cape Point. Det nye fyret ligger i en
lavere høyde (nærmere havet), kun 87 moh, av to grunner. For det første
kunne det gamle fyrtårnet sees «for tidlig» av skip som rundet av mot øst,
noe som førte til at de kom for nær land. For det andre er tåkeforholdene
verre i større høyder, noe som gjør det gamle fyrtårnet usynlig for skipstrafikk.
Det gamle fyret var synlig bare i om lag 900 timer i året. Den 18. april 1911
forliste det portugisiske skipet «Lusitania» – med over 700 mennesker
ombord – på Bellows Rock like sør for Cape Point nettopp på grunn av at
fyret ikke var synlig, noe som viste at flytting av fyrtårnet var nødvendig.
Forøvrig må dette skipet ikke forveksles med RMS «Lusitania», som ble senket
av en tysk ubåt i 1915.

Det gamle fyret på Cape Point.
Det nye fyrtårnet.

Det nye fyret kan ikke sees fra vest før skipene
er på trygg avstand i sør. Lyset i det nye fyret
på Cape Point er det kraftigste på den
sørafrikanske kysten, med en rekkevidde på
63 km og en intensitet på 10 megacandela i
hvert blink.

Cape Point blir ofte feilaktig hevdet å være
stedet hvor den kalde Benguelastrømmen i Atlanterhavet møter den varme
Agulhasstrømmen i Indiahavet. Faktisk ligger møtestedet langs den sørlige og sørvestlige Cape-kysten, vanligvis mellom Cape Agulhas
og Cape Point. De to kolliderende havstrømmene bidrar til å skape mikroklima i Cape Town og
omegn. I motsetning til hva kjent mytologi
hevder lager møtestedet for de strømmene ingen åpenbare visuelle effekter. Det er ingen «linje i havet» der havet endrer farge eller ser
annerledes på noen måte. Det oppstår imidlertid sterke og farlige dønninger, tidevann og strømme ved møtestedet og i tilstøtende farvann. Disse urolige farvannene har forårsaket utallige katastrofer til havs i århundrene siden skipene begynte å seile forbi her.

Det er godt fiske langs kysten, men de uforutsigbare dønningene gjør fisking fra svabergene svært farlig. Opp gjennom tiden har mange fiskere blitt blåst til sine død
fra svabergene av store bølger. False Bay, som åpner opp i øst og nord for Cape Point,
er stedet for den velkjente marinehavnen i Simonstown. Bukta er også kjent – eller beryktet – for sine store hvithaier, som jakter på sørafrikansk pelsseler som lever i området. Bukta som ligger øst for Cape Point, False Bay, holder alltid en høyere vanntemperatur enn den vestlige sjøsiden. 

https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_Point

 South-Africa_Cape-Point

South-Africa_Cape-Point
The Flying Dutchman Funicular
Apart from offering visitors an exciting
and novel method of travel, taking the
Flying Dutchman funicular saves visitors an uphill walk from the car park to see
the old lighthouse and enjoy the
panoramic views.

The Flying Dutchman Funicular, also known as the Cape Point Funicular, is a funicular railway located  at Cape Point.
It is believed to be the only commercial funicular of its type in Africa,
and takes its name from the local legend of the Flying Dutchman ghost ship.
The line runs from a lower station at the Cape Point car park, up an incline
through dense fynbos to the upper lighthouse. The funicular leaves from the
lower station every three minutes, comfortably accommodates 40 passengers
per car, and can transport 450 persons to the upper lighthouse per hour,
making it the ideal way to whisk closer to the lighthouse even during peak times.
https://capepoint.co.za/facilities/
Simonstown
South-Africa_Simonstown_pingviner
South-Africa_Simonstown_pingviner

Simon's Town
is a maritime naval town and home to the
African Penguin colony at Boulders Beach. 
http://www.capepointroute.co.za/seeit-simonstown.php
South-Africa_Simonstown_pingviner
South-Africa_Simonstown_pingviner
Just around the corner from Simon’s Town visit Boulders Beach Penguin Colony
where you can view these flightless birds at close range. For a more intimate
experience, head to Boulders Beach where you can swim with the Penguins!
http://www.capepointroute.co.za/seeit-simonstown.php

 South-Africa_Simonstown_pingviner
In 1983 a pair of African penguins were spotted on Foxy Beach at Boulders
and in 1985 they began to lay. Since then the colony has grown rapidly,
increasing initially at about 60% a year.
By 1997 there were 2350 adult birds. Such a quick growth of the colony was
the result of immigration, particularly from Dyer Island, as well as by
reproduction. Birds have probably come to False Bay because of the good
fishing available since commercial purse seine fishing has been banned in
the Bay. Although Simon's Town is very proud of its penguins, nearby
residents suffered badly as the birds invaded their gardens,
destroyed the undergrowth and were generally very noisy and messy. 

 South-Africa_Simonstown

The great increase in tourists has also been a problem. As a result, the area has
now been taken over by Cape Peninsula National Park, the birds have been
restrained from wandering inland by a fence, board walks and an information
room have all been established. Boulders still remains the only place in the world
where one can actually swim amongst the penguins as they have continued to
invade more beaches. They are remarkably untroubled by people but one should
avoid harassing them by getting too close or chasing them. Beware!!
They have a vicious bite.
https://www.simonstown.com/penguins
Søndag 19. mars 2017

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Vi besøker townshipene Langa og Khayelitsha.
Vi har lunsj her hos en av damene som har startet egen bedrift.
Det er søndag og vi blir med på en spennende gudstjeneste med
mye glede, gladsang og fengende rytmer.
Afrikanerne er gode på sang og dans, så kanskje vi
stive nordmenn også lar oss rive med??


Townshipene i Sør-Afrika ble etablert for å huse svarte, indiske
og fargede.
Disse bydelene var oftest plassert et godt stykke utenfor byene,
som var reservert bare for hvite. Gjerne i nærheten av
farmområder og industriområder, da innbyggerne ble brukt
som billig arbeidskraft.
I dag fungerer disse bydelene mer eller mindre som selvstendige
byer med både skoler, helsestasjoner, kafeer og restauranter,
butikker og
mange andre servicebedrifter.

Langa
 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
Guga Sthebe Arts & Cultural Centre
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
Guga S’thebe Arts & Culture Centre

is a must-visit while in Langa.
Housed in a brightly coloured
building, the centre, like many
of the businesses in Langa, is
dedicated to the empowerment
of the local people.
The centre has exhibition areas,
where there are regular
exhibitions, art studios and a
resource centre.
The name Guga S’thebe is
appropriate and has a rich
cultural meaning. It is derived
from the name of the
traditional Xhosa platter
known as isithebe that is
used to serve guests and
family members.

South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
Guga Sthebe Arts & Cultural Centre

The word signifies a meeting
place and ubuntu because during
meal times people sit around the isithebe to share a meal.
Fittingly, the precinct is a shared
public space where communities
can come together and share a
meal or their stories.
https://www.capetown.travel/travel-like-a-local-your-neighbourhood-guide-to-langa/
(20.8.2019)
In the course of the inter World War years the regulations of the 1902
Location Act were expanded to create a more formal structure for
African Urban administration.
In 1923 the Urban Areas Act was passed to enforce the compulsory residence
of Africans in locations. Following the removal of Black people from Ndabeni
location, near Maitland, in the late 1920s, the authorities
established Langa location outside Cape Town. Although the name Langa
means Sun, the name is actually derived from the name of the Xhosa
chief Langalibalele, who was imprisoned on Robben Island  in 1873 for
rebelling against the Natal government.
https://www.sahistory.org.za/place/langa-township   (20.8.2019)

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
Guga Sthebe Arts & Cultural Centre
 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
Soverom for 1 familie
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Langa
En "finere" del av Langa
Mange familier deler en leilighet.
De heldigste har eget soverom for familien,
men noen må ligge i det felles oppholdsrommet.
Familiene har ett felles kjøkken,
men det lages tydeligvis mat på soverommene også.

Khayelitscha, kirkebesøk
South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Khayelitcha_kirke
Det store teltet er kirken hvor vi skulle overvære søndagens gudstjeneste
.


  South-Africa_Cape-Town_Township_Khayelitcha_kirke

Khayelitsha /ˌkaɪ.əˈliːtʃə/ is a partially informal township in Western Cape,
South Africa, located on the Cape Flats in the City of Cape Town. The name is Xhosa for New Home.

It is reputed to be the largest and fastest growing township in South Africa. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khayelitsha

South-Africa_Cape-Town_township_Langa
Vi spiste lunsj
på Lelapa i Langa.
God mat og
mye musikk


Lelapa,
which means ‘the home’ was established in October 1999 in Langa,
Cape Town’s oldest township (or informal settlement), when Sheila and
Monica Mahloane (mother and daughter) converted our home in order
to seize an entrepreneurial opportunity. We saw all the tourists’ buses
driving past our township on the way to the winelands and our idea was
to create a restaurant serving tradition township cuisine and invite guests
to experience a bit of township life.

http://www.lelapa.co.za/

 South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
HOSA, Hope Southern Africa
“Education is the strongest weapon to change the world” were the powerful
words of Nelson Mandela.
We fully agree and believe that education is a big factor in order to see
a new generation grow up i 7de Laan. But we cannot shoulder this huge
responsibility on our own – a network of partners and friends has developed
over the years.
Amongst those is the Freundeskreis Wakkerstroom e.V that we shared more
about in September 2016. The German NGO supports children and youth in
South Africa in their academic journey. Through their personal connection
with our staff Marco and Justine a partnership developed with HOSA too.

http://ho-sa.org/

South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
Karl Martin og Grete ble med en
hjelpearbeider, Marco og reiseleder
Arve til et mindre township.
Marco drev hjelpearbeid der.

South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
Tidligere på dagen, sammen med hele gruppa vår, var vi innom et senter
for barn med forskjellige utviklingshemminger. Dette ble drevet av Marco og sta
b.

Dette stedet drives humanitært, og det ser ut til at de gjør en hederlig jobb


 South-Africa_Cape-Town_township
Flag of South Africa.svg At the time of its adoption, the South
African
flag was the only national flag in
the world to comprise six colours in its
primary design.
Three of the colours – black, green and
yellow – are found in the banners of the
African National Congress, the Pan
Africanist Congress and the Inkatha

Freedom Party – and are thus said to represent the country’s black population.
The other three – red, white and blue – are displayed on the Dutch tricolour and
the British Union flag and are said represent the country's white population.
The green pall (the Y-shape) is commonly interpreted to mean the unification of
the various ethnic groups and the moving forward into a new united South Africa.

The design therefore represents a converging of paths, the merging of both the
past and the present.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_South_Africa

 South-Africa_Cape-Town
Et penere strøk i Cape Town.

 South-Africa_Cape-Town
Mandag 20. mars 2017

Durban, Umhlanga

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Etter frokost blir vi kjørt til Cape Town flyplass og flyr
nordøstover til Durban.
Fra flyplassem er det bare ca 20 minutter å kjøre til hotellet
som ligger i tettstedet Umhlanga Rocks, litt nord for Durban.
Hotellet ligger rett ved det store kjøpesenteret Gateway og
kort vei fra stranden.
Ettermiddagen kan brukes som du selv vil.

Om mange nok er interessert så hentes vi på hotellet og
tas med på en runde i Durban.

Overnatting City Lodge Umhlanga

 South-Africa_Durban_Umhlanga
Bildet er tatt utenfor hotellet vårt i Umhlanga mot det store kjøpesenteret.

 South-Africa_Durban
Gatebilde fra Durban
South-Africa_Durban
Guiden har nok en viss kontakt
med denne krydderselgeren,
som for øvrig har et
sjeldent selgertalent.

South-Africa_Durban
South-Africa_Durban
South-Africa_Durban


 South-Africa_Durban
Du får mange slags krydder i Durban

 South-Africa_Durban
Grete utenfor det store markedet
South-Africa_Durban
South-Africa_Durban
Ikke bare på Voss du får smalahove
Til høyre: Durban har brede gater, men det er trangt på fortauet.

 South-Africa_Durban

 South-Africa_Durban
Fine strender, men vi rakk i å prøve dem.
South-Africa_Durban_Umhlanga_Beverly-Hills-hotel
Beverly Hills hotel, Umhlanga
South-Africa_Durban_Umhlanga
Fuglereder

Tirsdag 21. mars 2017

Sani Pass, Lesotho og Sani Valley, KwaZulu Natal, 

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Turen fortsetter til Drakenberg, den høyeste fjellkjeden som går
gjennom hele Sør-Afrika. Her i KwaZulu-Natal, på grensen til fjellandet
Lesotho, er fjellene i Sani passet oppe i en høyde av hele 3400 m.
I dag skal vi kjøre opp gjennom
passet og inn i fjellandet Lesotho. Husk pass!
Når vi er framme ved foten av fjellovergangen, bytter vi over
til firehjulstrekkere.
Og går gjennom passkontrollen til Sør-Afrika.
Herfra snirkler vi oss opp hårnålssvingene til vi når 2873 m høyde.
Her oppe på toppen av "Afrikas tak" går vi gjennom passkontrollen
til Lesotho.
Vi fortsetter noen kilometer innover i Lesotho hvor vi besøker en lokal
Basotho landsby. Her viser de lokale innbyggerne sine tradisjoner,
de er bl.a. kjent for sine spesielle gresshatter, Basothohattene.
Vi bor på Sani Valley Lodge.

 South-Africa_Kwasani-Minicipality_Drakenberg
Kwasani Municipality
South-Africa
South-Africa_Himeville-Arms
En rask stopp i Himeville
Absolutely out of this world. A multi-cultural showpiece global destination.
The Zulu Kingdom, or the Province of KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) has a devout
following throughout continental Africa. And it is right up there on "must-see,
must- do" lists of discerning travelers around the world.These are all just some
of the reasons why KZN remains a firm leader in the South African tourism
space. The truth is; there IS just no comparison. Nowhere else in the world
will you find such a unique fusion of raw natural beauty, modern
sophistication, cultural diversity and pulsating energy – all in the most
breathtaking natural setting.
https://www.zulu.org.za/(20.8.2019)
Pent lite hus langs veien
South-Africa
The uKhahlamba-Drakensberg Park is one of KwaZulu-Natal's two World
HeritageSites. This World Heritage Site is part of a much longer mountain range
that stretches some 1,600 kilometres from South Africa's northernmost provinces
to the Eastern Cape. Not only does the World Heritage Site protect a stunning
natural mountain wilderness area, it also protects an amazing cultural legacy of ancient rock art in Africa painted by Southern Africa's earliest
inhabitants, the San or Bushmen.
The Zulu people named the 300-kilometre section of mountain range bordering
KwaZulu-Natal and the mountain Kingdom of Lesotho 'uKhahlamba, meaning
"Barrier of Spears". The early Dutch settlers called them the Drakensberge or
'Dragon Mountains'. Nowadays, this lovely natural wonderland is referred to by
locals simply as the 'Berg'.  

http://www.zulu.org.za/destinations/drakensberg/information

 South-Africa_Drakenberg

Drakensberg

Hike the 60km National Hiking Way
in the foothills of the Drakenberg
from Sani Pass to Bushmans Nek.
Self guided well marked trail with
daily shuttles from the trail head to
small hotels and lodges for overnight accommodation.

The Giants Cup Hiking Trail is part
of the National Hiking Way. The hike
follows a well established and clearly
marked trail that runs southwards
from Sani Pass in the north to
Bushmans Nek in the south, the full
trail being approximately 60km in
length. It falls within the Ukahlamba Wilderness Area (a World Heritage
Site) and is administered by KZN
Wildlife who provide 5 overnight
huts along the route - at Pholela
(Cobham valley), Mzimkhulwana,
Winterhoek and Swimans
(in the Drakensberg Gardens valley)
South-Africa_Drakenberg_Giant-cup-trail
The Giants Cup Trail

and at Bushmans Nek.
https://www.trails.co.za/tours/drakensberg
/slackpacking/giants-cup-trail/ (20.8.2019)
Sjåføren vår ville ikke gå denne ruta, for det var så mange slanger der.
Hun kjørte heller bil i området.


 South-Africa_Drakenberg_Giant-cup-trail
Poker?
South-Africa_Drakenberg


 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass

 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Drakensberg og litt av veien opp mot Sani Pass

 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass

 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass

 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
En stopp for å beundre utsikten, og for å fotografere.
Like etter denne pausen begynte hårnålsvingene opp Sani Pass.

     Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
      Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Sani Pass is the mother of all South African mountain passes. Statistically and
 in
every sense, it out distances, out climbs, and out performs all it's competitors
with consummate ease to have become the most iconic gravel pass in SA.


Situated between KZN and Lesotho the pass was built circa 1950 and remains
a
challenging drive in 4x4 vehicles with all the drama, scenery, bad weather
and treacherous conditions expected of a pass with a summit altitude of
2876m ASL.

That equates to 9400 feet and at 10,000 feet aircraft need pressurised cabins!

This is high altitude stuff. Go prepared for bad weather at any time and
expect
snowfalls as late as October.
https://mountainpassessouthafrica.co.za/find-a-pass/kwazulu-natal/item/410-sani-pass.html

Herldigvis bare sol og sommer da vi var der.
Lesotho
 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Over Grete går veien vi skal kjøre.

 Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Ganske bratt
Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Noe er gjort for å hindre steinras
Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Bilen vi kjørte i


 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Vi er oppe. Her er grensen til Lesotho. Vi kjørte ut fra Sør-Afrika før vi
begynte på selve passet.


 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Lesotho is a monarchy.
The country’s lowest point of 1,400 metres above sea level is the highest
lowest point of any country in the world. It has relatively very little forest,
 covering only one per cent of the land area.

Through the Lesotho Highlands Water Project, Lesotho exports water to
South Africa, which completely surrounds it.

http://thecommonwealth.org/our-member-countries/lesotho

Joined Commonwealth: 1966,    Population: 2.074.000 (2013)
GDP: 2,8% p.a. 1990-2013,    UN HDI: world ranking 162,
Official language: Sesotho, English,   Timezone: GMT plus 2hr,
Currenct: loti, plural maloti (M),    Area: 30.355 sq km,
Coastline: none,     Capital city: Maseru



Lesotho Flag - Colors meaning & symbolism
Blue stands for rain and water
White represents peace
Green symbolizes prosperity
Mokorotlo (the traditional Basotho straw hat) represents the indigenous Basotho (Southern Sotho) people


Lesotho
 adopted its current national flag on October 4th, 2006 which
coincided with the celebrations of the country’s 40th anniversary as an
independent nation.
https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-do-the-colors-and-symbols-of-the-flag-of-lesotho-mean.html  
(20.8.2019)


  





http://thecommonwealth.org/our-member-

countries/lesotho/constitution-politics
Independence: 4 October 1966
Legislature: Parlament of
Lesotho
Lesotho is a constitutional
monarchy.
The present constitution came
into force in 1993, shortly after
the return to multiparty
democracy, and was
amended in 2001 to introduce
an element of proportional
representation. The monarch is
head of state, the succession
being ratified by the College of
Chiefs.
The Prime Minister is head of
government and appoints a
cabinet.
















Letsie III (born David Mohato Bereng Seeiso; 17 July 1963) is the king of Lesotho.
He succeeded his
father, Moshoeshoe II, when the latter was forced into exile in
1990.
His father was briefly restored in 1995 but soon died in a car crash in early 1996,
and Letsie became king again. As a constitutional monarch, most of King Letsie's
duties as monarch of Lesotho are ceremonial.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Letsie_III_of_Lesotho

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Sånn steker de brød i Lesotho
Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Vi fikk smake brødet.
Det var veldig godt.

         Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Hjemmelaget øl fikk vi også
smake.
Den samme koppen ble
sendt rundt
til alle.


Lesotho_Sani-Pass

På veggen i huset står
det litt om Lesotho.

Selvfølgelig kunnde vi
få kjøpt noen souvenirer,
blant annet den spesielle
Lesothohatten.



 Lesotho_Sani-Pass

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Hytter til leie.
Vi spiste lunsj på restauranten her.
Laragne med salat. Godt, men ikke
spesielt for stedet.

Ganske stusslig og trist område, brunsvidd og nakent. Husdyrene må gjetes pga av rovdyrfaren, sjakaler og ??  Finnes ikke vegetasjon i området. Vi er på 2873 moh.

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Vi er på 2873 moh, men veien fører videre oppover.

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Vi skulle ikke høyere, nå ventet nedturen gjennom Sani Pass

 Lesotho_Sani-Pass
Go in Peace
Sani-Pass_Drakenberg
På kanten av stupet.
Heldigvis hadde vi en god sjåfør.

Sani-Pass_Drakenberg
Denne mannen gikk hver dag ned
i dalen for å hente ved.


Sani-Pass_Drakenberg
Sjåføren vår til høyre.

Det var venstretrafikk i
alle landene vi
besøkte på turen.

South-Africa_Drakenberg_Sani-Pass
Så er vi tilbake i Sør-Afrika. Ny passkontroll.

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley
I hyttene på den andre siden av vannet skulle vi overnatte.

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley
Hytta vår. Stor og velutstyrt, og med boblebad på terrassen.

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley
Solnedgang i Sani Valley. Bildet er tatt fra hytta vår.
Onsdag 22. mars 2017

Nelson Mandela Capture Site og Springbok Lodge, Nambiti Game Reserve

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Det er tid for safari. På vei til Nambiti Game Reserve stopper vi på Mandelas
Capture Site. Her er det et unikt monument og det er så absolutt verdt et
besøk. Det var her Mandela ble tatt til fange 5. august 1962.
Vi spiser lunsj i de vakre omgivelsene.

Vi fortsetter så til Nambiti Game Reserve som er ca 2 timer unna.
En vakker kjøretur som går gjennom sletteområder med Drakensbergene
som bakgrunn. Et virkelig "Afrika landskap" med gress-stepper og
tornetrær.
Nambiti Game Reserve er et vernet område som tilbyr 22 000 mål med
uberørt, malariafri villmark. Reservatet er hjem til "The big five", løve,
leopard, bøffel, elefant og neshorn. Gepard, flodhest og over 30 andre
dyrearter holder også til her.

Overnatting på Springbok Lodge.
Lodgen har 15 luksustelt med air-condition, privat veranda og egen dusj
under stjernehimmelen

 

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley

Og her er det soloppgang, også tatt fra hytta vår.
En fin morgen, 12 grader og strålende vær.

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley

Nesten synd å forlate et så fint sted, men turen går videre.

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley
Det er et stykke å gå til
resepsjonen.
Men bagasjen ble hentet i
bil, og fraktet til bussen.
Bussen var parkert på
den andre siden av vannet.
For å komme dit måtte vi
over i 4-hjulstrekkere.

South-Africa_Sani-Valley


 South-Africa_Sani-Valley
En liten hytte ved resepsjonen

 South-Africa_Sani-Valley

 South-Africa_KwaZulu-Natal

Et bilde tatt fra bussen. Det er alltid et rundt hus sammen
med de vanlige husene.
Der bor bestemor. Det er hun som har kontakt med åndene.
I hus med hjørner er det fare for at åndene går seg fast.

Nelson Mandela Capture Site

 South-Africa_Mandela-Capture-site
 South-Africa_Mandela-Capture-site
Mr Mandela had been travelling in disguise as the chauffeur of the car he drove,
and was on the R103 road between Durban and Johannesburg. Apartheid police
had been hunting Nelson Mandela down for 17 months and, as he passed along
this stretch of road, they were finally able to capture and arrest him.
This marked one of the most significant moments in the history of the Apartheid
era, as well as the future of this country.
From the time of his incarceration, Nelson Mandela made great strides in
awakening the consciousness of South Africans, and the world, to the
inequalities and unfair treatment that was carrying on within the borders
of this great land.

https://www.sa-venues.com/attractionskzn/nelson-mandela-capture-site.php   (20.8.2019)

 South-Africa_Mandela-Capture-site_long-walk-to-freedom
Bare fra den plassen vi står her kan man se portrettet av Mandela.
Står man andre steder ser monumentet ut som på  bildet til høyre.

Marking the 50-year anniversary of
what began Nelson Mandela’s “long
walk to freedom” – and the piece of
land that, quite randomly, irrevocably
altered the history of South Africa – is
a quietly powerful new sculpture,
set into the environment of this
silently potent space.
The sculpture, the centrepiece of a
new memorial site – the Nelson
Mandela Capture Site – was unveiled
by South African President Jacob
Zuma during the site’s official
inauguration on 5 August 2012.
The extraordinary sculpture by artist
Marco Cianfanelli comprises 50 steel
column constructions – each between
6.5 and 9.5 metres tall – set into
the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands
landscape.




South-Africa_Mandela-Capture-site_long-walk-to-freedom
The approach to the site, designed by architect Jeremy Rose of Mashabane
Rose Associates, leads one down a path towards the sculpture where, at a
distance of 35 metres, a portrait of Nelson Mandela, looking west, comes into
focus as the 50 linear vertical units line up to create the illusion of a flat image. 

https://www.brandsouthafrica.com/people-culture/mandela/capture-site-open

South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_fuglereder
Reiret til veverne
hengeri trærne.



Vi er kommet fram til Nambiti Game Reserve.
Her skal vi bo to netter på Springbok Lodge.
På denne lodgne skal vi bo i "telt".

 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge
Naboteltet, akkurat maken til vårt

 _South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge
Grete på terrassen.
Vi skal på safari, og blir snart hentet av safaribilen.

South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
Friluftsdusj, fasinerende å dusje i
mørket, med en flott stjernehimmel
som tak



 South-Africa_Nambiti-Game-Reserve_safari_kudu

In Africa the Kudu is famous for its fence-jumping abilities.
They can jump a 3 meter fence easily and even 3,5 meters
when doing it under stress.

http://www.africa-wildlife-detective.com/kudu.html

The kudu is the world’s second largest antelope species
(behind the eland), reaching up to 1,2 m at shoulder height
and weighing as much as 270 kg. It is by far one of the
antelopes I admire the most, and always a delight to
watch in the wild!

http://africafreak.com/the-10-most-elegant-antelope-
species-of-the-african-bushveld/


South-Africa_Nambiti-Game-Reserve_safari_kudu
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari
Guiden vår så med en gang hvilket dyr
som hadde bitt over disse kvistene.

South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_gepard
Gepard, litt langt unna til å få fint bilde.

Cheetahs are active mainly during the
day, with hunting their major activity.
Adult males are sociable despite their territoriality, forming groups
called "coalitions". Females are
not territorial; they may be solitary
or live with their offspring in home ranges. Carnivores, cheetah mainly prey upon antelopes and gazelles. They will
stalk their prey to within 100–300
metres (330–980 ft), charge towards it
and kill it by tripping it during the
chase and biting its throat to suffocate
it to death. The cheetah's body is
specialised for speed; it is the fastest
land animal. The speed of a hunting
cheetah averages 64 km/h (40 mph)
during a sprint; the chase is
interspersed with a few short bursts
of speed, when the animal can attain 112 km/h (70 mph), although this
is disputed by more recent
measurements.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheetah
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_enkefugl
Pin-tailed whydah, dominikanerenke

The species is a brood parasite which
lays its eggs in the nests of estrildid
finches, especially waxbills.
Unlike the common cuckoo, it does not destroy the host's eggs.
Typically, 2–4 eggs are added to those already present.
The eggs of both the host and the
firefinch are white, although the
whydah's are slightly larger.
The nestling whydahs mimic the gape pattern
of the fledglings of the host species.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pin-tailed_whydah

South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti_vortesvin
The common warthog is a
medium-sized species, with
a head-and-body length ranging
from 0.9 to 1.5 m (3.0 to 4.9 ft),
and shoulder height from 63.5
to 85 cm (25.0 to 33.5 in).
Females, at 45 to 75 kg
(99 to 165 lb), are typically a bit
smaller and lighter in weight
than males, at 60 to 150 kg
(130 to 330 lb). A warthog is identifiable by the two pairs of tusks protruding
from the mouth and curving upwards. The lower pair, which is far
shorter
than the upper pair, becomes razor-sharp by rubbing against the upper pair
every time the mouth is opened and closed. The upper canine teeth can grow
to 25.5 cm (10.0 in) long and have a wide elliptical cross section, being about
4.5 cm (1.8 in) deep and 2.5 cm (0.98 in) wide. A tusk will curve 90° or more
from the root, and will not lie flat on a table, as it curves somewhat
backwards as it grows. The tusks are used for digging, for combat with
other hogs, and in defense against predators – the lower set can inflict
severe wounds. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_warthog
Ugandan defassa waterbuck (Kobus
                            ellipsiprymnus defassa) male.jpg
bilde fra: https://en.wikipedia.
org/wiki/Waterbuck

Vannbukk, waterbuck
The head-and-body length is typically
between 177–235 cm (70–93 in) and
the average height is between 120 and
136 cm (47 and 54 in).
A sexually dimorphic antelope, males are
taller as well as heavier than females.
Males reach approximately 127 cm
(50 in) at the shoulder, while females
reach 119 cm (47 in).
Males typically weigh 198–262 kg
(437–578 lb) and females 161–214 kg
(355–472 lb). The coat colour varies
from brown to grey. The long, spiral
horns, present only on males,
curve backward, then forward and are
55–99 cm (22–39 in) long. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waterbuck

South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_falk
Amurfalk
The Amur Falcon is a fascinating
migratory raptor. Every year, the
small, resilient birds make the
daring voyage from breeding
grounds in Russia and China to
winter in southern Africa.
It is supposed that the falcons
cross the Arabian Sea during
their migration, but
much is still unknown about
 the patterns of their estimated
22,000 km migration. 
http://www.worldmigratory
birdday.org/2017/species/
amur-falcon

South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_kappturteldue
Kapp turteldue, Cape turtle dove
The ring-necked dove
(Streptopelia capicola), also known
as the Cape turtle dove or
half-collared dove, is a widespread
and often abundant dove species in
East and southern Africa. It is a
mostly sedentary bird, found in a
catholic variety of open habitats.
Within range, its penetrating
and rhythmic, three-syllabled crooning
is a familiar sound at any time of
the year. Its name is derived from the semi-collar of black feathers on the
lower nape, a feature shared with a
number of Streptopelia species.
Like all doves they depend on
surface water. They congregate in
large flocks at waterholes in dry r
egions to drink and bathe. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ring-necked_dove




 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_impala
Impala

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_impala
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_impala

Impala

Impala (Aepyceros melampus) (fra gresk aipos «høy» ceros «horn» + melas «sort» pous «fot») er en mellomstor afrikansk antilope.
Navnet, Impala, kommer fra
zulu-språket. 
Gjennomsnittsvekten til en impala
er ca. 75 kilogram.
De er gule og rød-brune i fargen,
men lysere på sidene, og er hvite
på undersiden av magen.
Bukker har lyre-formede horn
som kan bli opptil 90 centimeter
lange.

Når den blir redd eller overrasket vil hele flokken fare omkring for å forvirre rovdyret.
De kan hoppe lengre enn 9 meter langt og 2,5 meter høyt.
De er byttedyr for nesten alle store rovdyr. Den er en drøvtygger.

https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impala
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_fugler
The hadeda is a large
(about 76 cm long),
grey-to-partly brown species of
ibis. It has a narrow, white,
roughly horizontal stripe across
its cheeks. This is sometimes
called the “moustache” though
it does not reach the mouth
corners. The plumage over the
wings has an iridescent purple
sheen. The bird has blackish
legs and a large grey-to-black
bill with a red stripe on the
upper mandible. The upper
surfaces of the toes are of a
similar red. The wings are
powerful and broad, enabling
quick take-offs and easy
manoeuvring through dense
tree cover.
https://www.simso.co.za/portfolio/
hadada-or-hadeda-ibis/  (20.8.2019)
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Tascha
Tasha viser navnet på en antilope


South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_gnu

Gnus, or wildebeests, are large African antelopes. Gnus (pronounced like "news")
are closely related to cattle, goats and
sheep. These animals look like
thin, muscular cows with large,
sloping backs, curved horns and
striped bodies. They also have manes
and bushy beards.

South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_safaribil
Safariturister




Wildebeest is an Afrikaans name
that means "wild beast." Gnu is a derivation
of the name used by native Africans. 

http://www.livescience.com/54421-gnus-wildebeests.html


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_sebra

 South-Africa_safari_sebra
Sebra
There are two species of Zebra in Southern Africa, the Plains or Burchell's Zebra
and the Mountain Zebra. As the names suggest they occur in vastly differing
habitats, although they are known to occur together in places where plains
and mountains overlap. A third species, the Grevy's Zebra is found in East Africa.
The Burchell's Zebra is the most common across the African continent and has
been classified into seven sub-species across its range. The extinct Quagga
is a sub-species of the Plain's Zebra and biologists are attempting to bring
it back from extinction through a programme using the DNA of selected
Zebra. The programme has been very successful with a number of
Quagga-looking individuals roaming the plains again.

As the name indicates Mountain Zebra are found in high lying areas of the
Western and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa and the more arid
mountainous regions of Namibia.
Smaller than the Burchell's Zebra, Mountain Zebras are made up of two
sub-species: Cape Mountain Zebra and the Hartmann's Mountain Zebra.

No two Zebra have the same striping, as in fingerprints in humans the stripes
of Zebra are unique to an individual. The Burchell's Zebra is the national
animal of Botswana and is found on the coat of arms of the country.
http://www.krugerpark.co.za/africa_zebra.html (20.8.2019)
South-Africa_safari_sjiraf
Sjiraff
The giraffe (Giraffa) is a genus
of African even-toed ungulate
mammals, the tallest living
terrestrial animals and the largest ruminants.
The giraffe's chief distinguishing characteristics are its extremely
long neck and legs, its horn-like
ossicones, and its distinctive

South-Africa_safari_sjiraf
coat patterns. It is classified under the family Giraffidae, along with its closest extant relative, the okapi.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giraffe



 South-Africa_safari_sjiraf

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_kudu
Nyala?
The handsome slate-brown shaggy coat is marked with white vertical stripes
and spots on the flanks. Rams appear more charcoal-grey in colour.
The rams have long inward curved horns
(650 mm) and a white chevroned
face. They have a ridge of long hairs along the underparts, from behind the
chin to between the hind legs, they also have a mane of thick, black hair

from the head along the spine to the rump. Rams weigh 115 Kg and
measures 1.05 m at shoulders. Ewes are much smaller and do not have horns,
and weigh 59 Kg and stand
900mm at shoulders. Ewes are chestnut-coated
with even more prominent white stripes
on the flanks.

http://www.krugerpark.co.za/africa_nyala.html


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_elefant
Elefant

The largest land mammal on earth, the African elephant weighs up to eight
tons. The elephant is distinguished by its massive body, large ears and a long
trunk, which has many uses ranging
from using it as a hand to pick up objects,
as a horn to trumpet warnings, an arm raised in
greeting to a hose for
drinking water or bathing.  

https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/elephant

South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_middag
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_middag

Middag under stjernehimmelen.

Med besøk av en grønnkledd en.

Det er nok en mantis (en type kneler)


Vi så løver også. To hannløver spaserte ved siden av
bilen da vi skulle tilbake til lodgen.

Det var dessverre for mørkt til å ta bilder av dem.

Torsdag 23. mars 2017

Nambiti Game Reserve
Springbok Lodge, safari og avslapning

Dagen starter tidlig, det er da sjansen er størst for å se dyr.

Opp ca kl 5 00.
Te/kaffe og en enkel frokost serveres før safariavgang.

3-4 timers safari med innlagt pause, og tilbake til lodgen for en
helsebringende "brunch".

Om ettermiddagen drar vi igjen ut på safari til solnedgangen over
savannen.
Safariturene kjøres i åpen landrover med egen safariguide og
"tracker" (sporleser).

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_red-bishop
The genus name for the Southern Red Bishop, Euplectes, is from Greek,
meaning ‘well-woven’,
presumably referring to their nests,
and the specific epithet, orix, is
from Greek meaning ‘rice’,
perhaps referring to
the birds’ diet, which is
mainly seeds.

The Southern Red Bishop is 10–11 centimetres long and has a thick,
conical bill. The breeding males
are brightly coloured with red
(occasionally orange) and black
plumage. The forehead, face and
throat are black and the rest of the
head is red. The upperparts are
red apart from the brown wings
and tail. The upper breast and
under tail coverts are red while
the lower breast and belly are
black. 
The non-breeding male
and female have streaky brown
plumage, paler below.
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_svartrygget_sjakal
Svartrygget sjakal
Compared to other members
of the genus Canis, the
black-backed jackal is a very
ancient species, and has
changed little since the
Pleistocene, being the most
basal canine alongside the
closely related side-striped
jackal.
It is a fox-like canid with a
reddish coat and a black saddle
that extends from the shoulders
to the base of the tail. It isa monogamous animal, whose
young may remain with the
family to help raise new
generations of pups.
The black-backed jackal is not a
fussy eater, and will feed on small
to medium-sized animals, as well
as plant matter and human refuse.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black-
backed_jackal

-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Southern Red Bishop

The females are smaller than the
males, the bill, legs and feet are
pale pinkish. The eyes are dark
brown. Southern Red Bishops
have various twitteringcalls and
a nasal contact call; the male
has a buzzing song.
The Southern
Red Bishop performs
bumblebee-like flight with rapid wingbeats producing buzzy
sounds during the breeding
period. It flies airily about
over the reed bed, with
fluffed out plumage.

https://www.sanbi.org/animal-of-the-week/southern-red-bishop/

South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_termittue
Termitt-tue
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_sebra
Sebra

In a lot of ways, termites are a paradox. They're strong enough to eat a house,
but their bodies are soft, delicate and prone to drying out. Soldiers, whose sole
job is to defend the colony, can't even feed themselves. Adult termites develop
wings so they can leave the colony and find a new home, helping the termite
population grow. But winged termites are terrible flyers, and most don't
 survive the journey.

 
At the same time, termites are survivors. They've existed for about 50 million
years, and today there are close to 3,000 termite species living in most
temperate parts of the world. In Africa and Australia, termites build enormous
mounds that can last longer than the colony itself can survive. There are plenty
of methods for discouraging termites from feasting on a person's home, but
many species have a knack for finding ways around them. Once a colony
moves in, it can be difficult to exterminate.
https://animals.howstuffworks.com/insects/termite.htm  (20.8.2019)
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Grete fotograferer
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Tascha ser etter neshorn
White rhinos are the second largest land mammal and their name comes
from the Afrikaan’s, a West Germanic language, word “weit” which means
wide and refers to the animal’s mouth. Also known as the square-lipped
rhinoceros, white rhinos have a square upper lip with almost no hair.
Two genetically different subspecies exist, the nothnern and southern white
rhino and are found in two different regions in Africa. As of March 2018,
there are only two rhinos of the northern white rhino left, both of which
are female. They live in the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya and are
protected round-the-clock by armed guards. Their near extinction is due
 to decades of rampant poaching for rhino horn.
The majority (98.8%) of the southern white rhinos occur in just four
countries: South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Kenya. Southern white
rhinos were thought to be extinct in the late 19th century, but in 1895 a
 small population of less than 100 individuals was discovered in Kwazulu-
Natal, South Africa. After more than a century of protection and
management, they are now classified as Near Threatened and
19,600 – 21,000 animals exist in protected areas and private game
reserves. They are the only of the five rhino species that are not endangered.
https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/white-rhino  (20.8.2019)

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti

Neshorn


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Perlehøns
Guineafowl (/ˈɡɪnifaʊl/; sometimes called "pet speckled hen", or "original
fowl") are birds of the family Numididae in the order Galliformes.
They are endemic to Africa and rank among the oldest of the
gallinaceous birds. Phylogenetically, they branch off from the core
Galliformes after the Cracidae and before the Odontophoridae. An Eocene fossil lineage, Telecrex, has been associated with guineafowl. Telecrex inhabited Mongolia, and may have given rise to
the oldest of the true Phasianids such as Ithaginis and Crossoptilon,
which evolved into high-altitude montane-adapted species with the
rise of the Tibetan Plateau. While modern guineafowl species are
endemic to Africa, the helmeted guineafowl has been introduced as a
domesticated bird widely elsewhere.
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Oppspist gnu
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti

Wild Hibiscus Flower South Africa


 




The insect- and seed-eating, ground-nesting birds of this family resemble
partridges, but with featherless heads, though both members of the genus
Guttera have a distinctive black crest, and the vulturine guineafowl has a
downy brown patch on the nape. Most species of guineafowl have a dark
grey or blackish plumage with dense white spots, but both members of
the genus Agelastes lack the spots. While several species are relatively well
known, the plumed guineafowl and the two members of the genus Agelastes
remain relatively poorly known. These large birds measure from 40–71 cm
(16–28 inches) in length, and weigh 700–1600 grams or 1.5-3.5 pounds.
 Guinea hens weigh more than guinea cocks, possibly because of the larger
reproductive organs in the female compared to the male guinea fowl. Also,
the presence of relatively larger egg clusters in the dual purpose guinea
hens may be a factor that contributes to the higher body weight of the
guinea hens.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guineafowl  (20.8.2019)
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Redet til en vever
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Tid for kaffe/te og muffens


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Kaffepause

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Paraplytre
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Blåastrild, blue wax bill
The blue waxbill mainly eats grass
seeds which are taken from the
inflorescences, this is supplemented
with termites and other insects.
they have also been recorded eating
the fallen fruits of Boscia albitrunca.
It is normally seen in pairs or family
parties but it does form larger
flocks which often mix in with flocks
of other estrildids.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_waxbill
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Amur falk


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Andedam med skjeand

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Impala

 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti_sebraflokk
Sebraflokk

 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti_impala
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti


 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_Nambiti

En sen, men god frokost



 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge_Nambiti
Solstolene venter, nå skjer det ikke noe før vi skal på ettermiddags-safari ved 4-tida

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
Deilig med en rolig formiddag.

Det er godt og varmt,
så bassenget var fint å ha.



Til høyre er salongen på lodgen

og under noen nærbilder av ting fra salongen.

 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge


 South-Africa_Springbok_Lodge

Rekka med "telt" sette fra hagen.

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Vi dro på safari igjen kl 16 00. 
Vi hadde ikke vært lenge på tur før vi så uværet nærme seg.

South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
 
En av safaribilene fikk problemer. Sjåføren i den bilen og Tascha måtte ut for å reparere.
Det gikk heldigvis greit, og de rakk det før regnet pøste ned.


 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_clouds

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Svart neshorn

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Midt under uværet møtte vi det svarte neshornet.
Both black and white rhinoceroses are actually gray. They are different not in
color but in lip shape. The black rhino has a pointed upper lip, while its white
relative has a squared lip. The difference in lip shape is related to the animals' diets.
Black rhinos are browsers that get most of their sustenance from eating trees and
bushes. They use their lips to pluck leaves and fruit from the branches. White rhinos
graze on grasses, walking with their enormous heads and squared lips lowered to the ground.
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/b/black-rhinoceros/  (20.8.2019)

 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti_clouds
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Litt regn legger ingen demper på stemningen.
Det lå fora regncaper til alle i bilene, men våte ble vi likevel.
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti

If you are in Africa and see an unusual medium-sized creature with brown
plumage and hammer-shaped head then you have certainly spotted a
Hamerkop
.
It is a distinctive and legendary mystery bird that is widespread in Africa.
Since ancient times, the people of this region have associated this bird to
lightning, leprosy and even death which did not only prevent Hamerkops
from getting killed by humans but has also turned it into some kind of
mysterious legend. 
https://www.aboutanimals.com/bird/hamerkop/



 South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
Det er ganske vått etter regnet. Her kjører vi bortover en flystripe.
Etter regnværet så vi løvefamilien. Sjåføren fikk beskjed hvor de var, og
kjørterally dit på dårlige, og nå ganske gjørmete veier. Vi rakk så vidt å
se dem før detble for mørkt.
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_safari_Nambiti
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge

Serviettfugler
Vi så også: Løve, duicer (antilope), steinbukk, vanlig hare, steinhare, rebokk,
jordugle, vaktel, shelleys frankling, slakterfugl, kaite, champagnefugl og
blackbellied bustard.


Fredag 24. mars 2017


Noen valgte å bli med på morgensafari.
Andre ville heller ha en rolig morgen ved teltet.

Etter frokost ble vi kjørt i safaribussene
dit bussen vår sto parkert.
Vi skulle fortsette til Johannesburg.
Der var vi en tur i Soweto, en
kjempediger brakkeby (Township) før vi
kjørte til hotellet ved flyplassen.
Neste morgen skulle vi  fly til Livingstone i Zambia.

Overnatting City Lodge OR Tambo,

 South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge
En rolig morgen på terrassen
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge
South-Africa_Springbok-Lodge
Grete noterer i dagboka før vi må reise videre.

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Soweto

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Tutu House

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Gatesalg, gatemusikk og restauranten Zakhumzi der vi spiste lunsj
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Restauranten serverte typiske afrikanske retter, søndagsretter sa Sowetogiden vår.

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Sang og dans for turistene.
Det var tre stykker med en "akrobatisk dans",
der de vrengte armer og ben på en måte som
om de ikke hadde et ben i kroppen,
bare gummistrikker.


Soweto is an urban settlement or
'township' in South Africa, southwest
of Johannesburg,
with a population of approximately
1.3 million (2008, Joburg archive).

Soweto was created in the 1930s
when the White government started seperating Blacks from Whites.
Blacks were moved away from
Johannesburg, to an area separated
from White suburbs by a so-called
cordon sanitaire (or sanitary corridor)
this was usually a river, a railway
track, an industrial area or a highway
etc., they did this by using theinfamous
'Urban Areas Act' in 1923. 

http://www.sahistory.org.za/places/soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto


 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Små hjem, etter de vi så innvendig ser det ut til at det er en viss orden inne.

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Symbol for kristendom

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
symbol for ?
Vi ble fortalt hva
synbolet sto for, men
jeg har dessverre
glemt det. (GE)

Standing in Freedom Square in Soweto, the Kliptown Open Air Museum,
dedicated to Walter Sisulu, tells the story of the drafting of the Freedom
Charter. And it does so via photographs, art, song, news clipping and
narration. It is a thoroughly visual journey made by visitors to the museum,
one that emphasises the freedom South Africa fought so hard to achieve.
It is not an original idea, using multi-media to paint a story, neither is the concept
of an open air museum - the first was established in Scandinavia at the end of the nineteenth century - but in this particular case, the story that it tells – the
attainment of freedom - gains an added dimension, unfettered by the walls of a
building.
https://www.sa-venues.com/attractionsga/kliptown-open-air-museum.php  (20.8.209)

             South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

I tårnet (bilde til venstre) finner man:

The Freedom Charter

Adopted at the Congress of the People, Kliptown, on 26 June 1955

TOWARDS THE "DRAFTING OF THE CHARTER " 
• DAY 1: The congress of the people held over two days in the field in Kliptown.
• DAY 2: Sunday the 26th of June, the apartheid government sent its own
 delegation in force to Kliptown and some of the Congress people were
 charged with treason.

"The congress of the people at Kliptown, was not only a political event, but a
cultural milestone. For the first time, delegates from South Africa's many,
diverse cultures came together, in their thousands, united behind a common
vision. The Freedom Charter recognises both this desire for unity and the rich,
cultural diversity of our country. "
http://www.waltersisulusquare.co.za/the_charter.html
• The people shall govern
• All national groups shall have equal rights
• The people shall share in the country's wealth
• The land shall be shared among those who work it
• All shall be equal before the law
• All shall enjoy human rights
• There shall be work and security
• The doors of learning and culture shall be opened
• There shall be houses, security and comfort.
• There shall be peace and friendship

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Waiting for å change, waiting for a miracle
Gapp Architects and dream designers, june 2016

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

                      South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Det andre tårnet på Sisulu Square. Tårnet er tomt.

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Planten i esken til høyre er sunn og
hjelper mot "alle" sykdommer.

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

Symboler for "the freedom Charter."

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

 South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
The Orlando Towers bungee in Soweto adds a whole new dimension to sightseeing
in this famous Johannesburg township. Bridging the gap between adventure and
township tourism, you can enjoy one of Johannesburg’s most vibrant landmarks
like never before. With a 100m drop to the ground, bungee jump, swing or free fall
your way to the bottom.
This is definitely one of the most exciting ways to see South Africa's biggest and most famous townships. Based around the Orlando Towers, part of the old Orlando Power Station and a major Soweto attraction, outdoor adventure activities are fast
changing the way visitors experience this already vibrant place.

https://www.southafrica.net/au/en/travel/article/add-some-adventure-to-your-township-tour-at-the-
orlando-towers    (20.8.209)

Orlando Tower
Orlando Power Station is a decommissioned coal-fired power station in Soweto,
South Africa.
The power station was commissioned at the end of the Second World War and
served Johannesburg for over 50 years.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orlando_Power_Station
South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto
Bilskiltene i Johannesburg har bokstavene GP,
står for gangster pilot mener mange.

South-Africa_Johannesburg_Soweto

South-Africa_Johannesburg_OR-Tambo

Guiden Ian har fulgt oss fra Durban.
Her hjelper han til med å ta ut koffertene
fra bussen. Vi skal bo på flyplasshotell
på OR Tambo, Johannesburg.
Kjekt når vi skal videre med fly neste morgen.


Lørdag 25. mars 2017

Fly Johannesburg - Livingstone
i Zambia.

Minibuss til hotellet.

Fra dagsprogrammet:
På ettermiddagen blir vi med på et cruise i solnedgangen på
Zambezi elven - en vakker avrunding på en avslappende dag.
Underveis serveres det drikke og snacks med varmrett
(lett middag).

Under toktet vil vi kunne se et rikt dyre- og fugleliv langs elva.
Fargespillet ved solnedgangen vil ok etterlate uforglemmelige
inntrykk hos oss alle.

Overnatting, Chrismar hotel, Livingstone
Zambia_Livingstone
Zambia_Livingstone
Veien fra flyplassen til hotellet                             Bryllup på hotellet

 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Karl Martin hiver seg ut i bassenget,
Grete er der allerede.

Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Til venstre står Karl Martin utenfor rommet vårt.

 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
 
 
      Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Zambisk øl
servert fra bassengbaren.

   Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote


 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Et bilde tatt fra rommet vårt.

 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote

 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Vortesvin på hotellet.
På det neste hotellet vi kom til hadde vi levende vortesvin utenfor rommet.


 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Restauranten er i huset på den andre siden av bassenget.

 Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
Salongen på Chrismar hotel
Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hote
  Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

Vi skal på cruise på Zambezi, men først må
alle skrive under på at de drar på eget
ansvar. Her skriver Karl Martin under.


Cruise på Zambezi
 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
MV Makumbi ligger klar, men pass dere for krokodillene.
Makumbi
100 clients max, includes freshly baked snacks, light dinner,
local beverages, spirits and wine

http://safpar.com/activities/river-cruises/

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Vi fotograferer og blir fotografert.

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

Baren er åpen og her er det fri drinker på hele turen.
Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
The Zambezi is Africa’s fourth
largest River system, after the
Nile, Zaire and Niger Rivers.
It runs through six countries on
it’s journey from central Africa
to the Indian Ocean.
Its unique value is that it is less
developed than others in terms of
human settlement and many areas
along it’s banks enjoy protected
status. 
It’s power has carved the spectacular Victoria Falls and the zigzagging Batoka Gorge.
The Zambezi has been harnessed at various points along the way including the massive
Kariba Dam between Zambia and Zimbabwe and Cabora Bassa Dam in Mozambique.
Plans for another dam at the Batoka gorge have fortunately been shelved.

The River’s beauty has attracted tourists from all over the world providing
opportunities for a myriad of water sports and game viewing.

Running for a length of 2700kms, it begins it’s journey as an insignificant little spring in
the corner of north-west Zambia in the Mwinilunga District. It bubbles up between the
roots of a tree, very close to the border where Zambia, Angola and Zaire meet.  http://www.zambiatourism.com/destinations/rivers/zambezi


 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Clay licks put simply are exposed areas of clay where animals gather to eat
or lick clay. Over 50 different animals use clay licks to obtain clays or salts.
Light might be shed on this behaviour by looking at our own history and
medical treatments.

http://thinkjungle.com/articles/clay-licks/


 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Det er flere cruisebåter på elva

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Flodhestene fotograferes
Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

Hippopotamuses
love water, which is why the Greeks named them the “river
horse.” Hippos spend up to 16 hours a day submerged in rivers and lakes to
keep their massive bodies cool under the hot African sun. Hippos are graceful
in water, good swimmers, and can hold their breath underwater for up to
five minutes. However, they are often large enough to simply walk or stand on
the lake floor, or lie in the shallows. Their eyes and nostrils are located high
on their heads, which allows them to see and breathe while mostly submerged.

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
At sunset, hippopotamuses leave the water and travel overland to graze.
They may travel 6 miles in a night, along single-file pathways, to consume
some 80 pounds of grass.
Considering their enormous size, a hippo's food intake is relatively low.
If threatened on land hippos may run for the water—they can match a
human's speed for short distances.

http://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/h/hippopotamus/

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi


 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
The Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) is an African crocodile and may
be considered the second largest extant reptile in the world, after the
saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus).
The Nile crocodile is quite widespread throughout Sub-Saharan Africa,
occurring mostly in the central, eastern, and southern regions of the continent
and lives in different types of aquatic environments such as lakes, rivers
and marshlands. Although capable of living in saline environments, this
species is rarely found in saltwater, but occasionally inhabits deltas and
brackish lakes. The range of this species once stretched northward throughout
the Nile, as far north as the Nile delta. On average, the adult male Nile
crocodile is between 3.5 and 5 m (11 ft 6 in and 16 ft 5 in) in length and
weighs 225 to 750 kg (496 to 1,653 lb). However, specimens exceeding 6.1 m
(20 ft 0 in) in length and weighing up to 1,090 kg (2,400 lb) have been
recorded.Sexual dimorphism is prevalent, and females are usually about
30% smaller than males. They have thick scaly skin that is heavily armored. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nile_crocodile
Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Middagen er servert
Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

 

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi

 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi


 Zambia_Livingstone_middagscruise_Zambezi
Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar_bassengbaren
Noen fortsatte kvelden i baren på hotellet.

 

Flag of Zambia.svg
The colours used in the flag of Zambia are
rich in symbolism. Green stands for the
nation's lush flora, red for the nation's
struggle for freedom, black for the Zambian
people, and orange for the land's natural resources and mineral wealth. Additionally, the eagle flying above the coloured stripes is
intended to represent the people's ability to
rise above the nation's problems.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Zambia

Zambias flagg
Søndag 26. mars 2017

Om formiidagen dro de som ville det
til gudstjeneste i pinsemenigheten i Livingstone. Pentecostal Holiness Church in Zambia

Etter lunsj på hotellet dro vi tilt Victoriafallene.

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Det er vanskelig å beskrive dette naturens under. Fossefallene er
regnet som de største i verden.
Fossene ligger i den øvre delen
av elva Zambezi mellom landene
Zambia og Zimbabwe. Fossen er
ført opp på Unescos verdensarvliste.
Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten

Dagens førse gudstjeneste var ikke slutt enda da vi kom til kirken.
Derfor ble det litt ventetid. Altså god tid til å ta bilder.


 Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten

 Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten

Til høyre:
Så kommer de ut fra den første gudstjenesten.
Alle tar hverandre i hendene ved utgangen.


 Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten

 Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten
Først bibeltime.
Det gikk på engelsk og det lokale språket. Det ble litt vanskelig å følge med.


 Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten

Så kom koret fram og det ble liv i forsamlingen.

Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten Zambia_Livingstone_Pinsemenigheten
Alle ble dradd med i dansen, også vi nordboere.
Under:
The Victoria Falls Bridge was the inspiration of Cecil Rhodes, who was
reported to have said: “build the Bridge across the Zambezi where the
trains, as they pass, will catch the spray of the Falls”. 
This was part of Rhodes’ unfulfilled Cape to Cairo railway scheme.
He never actually visited the Victoria Falls, and died before construction
of the Bridge even began.


Constructed from steel, the Bridge is 198 metres (650 ft) long with the main
arch spanning 156.50 metres (513.5 ft) at a height of 128 metres (420 ft)
above the Zambezi River.
It is a road, a railway and a foot-bridge. The Bridge is the only rail link
between Zambia and Zimbabwe and one of only three road links between
the two countries.

http://www.zambiatourism.com/destinations/waterfalls/victoria-falls/victoria-falls-bridge
Victoriafallene

Victoria Falls presents a spectacular
sight of awe-inspiring beauty and
grandeur on the Zambezi River,
forming the border between
Zambia and Zimbabwe.
It was described by the Kololo tribe
living in the area in the 1800’s as
‘Mosi-oa-Tunya’ –
‘The Smoke that Thunders’.

Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Grete lengter etter å se fossen.

In more modern terms Victoria Falls is known as the greatest curtain of falling
water in the world.

Columns of spray can be seen from miles away as, at the height of the rainy
season, more than five hundred million cubic meters of water per minute
plummet over the edge, over a width of nearly two kilometers, into a gorge
over one hundred meters below.

The wide, basalt cliff over which the falls thunder, transforms the Zambezi
from a placid river into a ferocious torrent cutting through a series of
dramatic gorges.

Facing the Falls is another sheer wall of basalt, rising to the same height, and
capped by mist-soaked rain forest. A path along the edge of the forest provides
the visitor prepared to brave the tremendous spray, with an unparalleled series
 of views of the Falls.

One special vantage point is across the Knife-edge Bridge, where visitors can
have the finest view of the Eastern Cataract and the Main Falls as well as the
Boiling Pot, where the river turns and heads down the Batoka Gorge.  

http://www.zambiatourism.com/destinations/waterfalls/victoria-falls


 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
The Victoria Falls Bridge

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Boiling Pot

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Knife Edge Bridge og Victoriafossen

The Knife Edge Bridge offers a view of the eastern cataract of Victoria Fallsand
the main gorge. Be prepared to get soaking wet if you walk the bridge without a
raincoat (and if you visit the falls at the end of the rainy season), which are
available for hire, as well as Crocs at the entrance to the falls. More often than
not, the bridge is where you’ll spot a rainbow.
https://theculturetrip.com/africa/zambia/articles/the-best-things-to-see-and-do-at-victoria-falls/
(20.8.2019)

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Grete på Knive Edge Bridge.

 

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
The best time to visit the spectacular Victoria Falls is from February to May,
directly after the region’s summer rains, when you’ll see the world’s largest sheet
of falling water flowing at its greatest volume. The green season usually kicks off
in about November with the first spring rains but it takes time for the water that
has fallen in the Angolan Highlands to wend its way down to a series of massive
gorges. It takes a few months for the Falls to almost literally gather steam after
a dry winter in mid-year. Visiting Vic Falls can be a sensory overload: the noise,
heat and moisture come to together in an unforgettable natural show-stopper.
https://www.go2africa.com/destinations/victoria-falls/when-to-go (20.8.2019)
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Vi går ned til Boiling Pot.
Det er mye å passe seg for på turen.


Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Regnskog
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls


 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Broa over til Zimbabwe

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Boiling Pot

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
The two streams of the Zambezi meet below Danger Point in the Boiling Pot,
a permanent whirlpool, which is a deep and treacherous fissure. This is the
point where the current incarnation of the Victoria Falls was born - and the
equivalent of the Devil's Cataract of the preceding falls - the one that formed
Second Gorge over which the bridge has been built.

http://www.siyabona.com/explore-victoria-falls-boiling-pot.html

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls


Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

 

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls
Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls

Vi gikk ikke samlet som en gruppe inne på området ved fossen.
Etter turen møttes vi ved denne baren for å bli kjørt tilbake til hotellet.

På veien var vi innom Royal Livingstone hotel for å ta en titt.

 Zambia_Livingstone_Victoria-Falls_Royal-Livingstone-hotel
Royal Livingstone Hotel
Mandag 27. mars 2017

Fra dagsprogrammet:
Vi kjører gjennom Livingstone og tar en seightseeingtur der.
Vi skal bl.a. besøke museet hvor den store oppdageren og misjonæren
David Livingstone har sin egen avdeling.
Byen Livingstone feiret sitt 110-års-jubileum i 2015.
Livingstone ble grunnlagt på restene etter den tidligere bebyggelsen,
"The Old Drift", som lå her ved Zambezi elven. I 1907 ble Livingstone
hovedstaden i Nordvest-Rhodesia og med etableringen av
Nord-Rhodesia i 1911, ble den hovedstad i hele territoriet frem til 1935.

Etter seightseeingturen fortsetter vi med buss til grensen Zambia - Botswana
Vi krysser Zambezi elven med båt og forsetter med buss til hotellet vårt:
Chobe Safari Lodge
Om ettermiddagen blir det safari i Chobe Safari Park

Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hotel
Zambia_Livingstone_Crismar-hotel
Chrismar hotel
Litt spesielt med vindu til å åpne
mellom soverom og bad.


Zambia_Livingstone_museet_Livingstone
David Livingstone,
(born
 March 19, 1813,
Blantyre, Lanarkshire,
Scotland—died
May 1, 1873, Chitambo
[now in Zambia]), Scottish
missionary and explorer who
exercised a formative influence
upon Western attitudes
toward Africa.

Zambia_Livingstone_museet_Livingstone

Zambia (/ˈzæmbiə/), officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in
Southern Africa, neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north,
Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana
and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.
The capital city is Lusaka, in the south-central part of Zambia.
The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the
Copperbelt Province to the northwest, the core economic hubs of the country.

Politics in Zambia take place in a framework of a presidential representative
democratic republic, whereby the President of Zambia is both head of state and
head of government in a pluriform multi-party system. The government exercises
executive power, while legislative power is vested in both the government and
parliament.

Zambia became a republic immediately upon attaining independence in
October 1964. 
  
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zambia


Livingstone grew up in a distinctively Scottish family environment of personal
piety, poverty, hard work, zeal for education, and a sense of mission.

In 1834 an appeal by British and American churches for qualified
medical missionaries in China made Livingstone determined to
pursue that profession.

To prepare himself, while continuing to work part-time in the mill, he studied
Greek, theology, and medicine for two years in Glasgow.

On November 20, 1840, he was ordained as a missionary; he set sail for South
Africa at the end of the year and arrived at Cape Town on March 14, 1841.

For the next 15 years, Livingstone was constantly on the move into the African interior: strengthening his missionary determination; responding
wholeheartedly to the delights of geographic discovery; clashing with the
Boers and the Portuguese, whose treatment of the Africans he came to detest;
and building for himself a remarkable reputation as a dedicated Christian,
a courageous explorer, and a ferventantislavery advocate.
Yet so impassioned was his commitment to Africa that his duties as
husband and father were relegated to second place.

In May 1873, at Chitambo in what is now northern Zambia, Livingstone’s
African servants found him dead, kneeling by his bedside as if in prayer. 

https://www.britannica.com/biography/David-Livingstone


Livingstone  (town) was, until 2012, the capital of the Southern Province of
Zambia. Lying 10 km (6.2 mi) to the north of the Zambezi River, it is a
tourism centre for the Victoria Falls and a border town with road and rail
connections to Zimbabwe on the other side of the Victoria Falls. A historic
British colonial city, its present population was estimated at 136,897
inhabitants at the 2010 census. It is named after David Livingstone,
the British explorer who was the first European to explore the area.     

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Livingstone,_Zambia


Livingstone Museum

Livingstone’s famous museum has four galleries: Prehistory (archaeology),
Ethnography
and Art, History and Natural History.
There is an interesting collection of
David Livingstone’s belongings and
descriptions of his routes.
Entry is nominal
and is open to the public from 8:30 to 16:30 hrs
every day except Christmas and New Year.

http://www.zambiatourism.com/destinations/historic/museums


 Zambia_Livingstone_museet_Livingstone
En vanlig reisemåte på Livingstones tid.

 Zambia_Livingstone_museet_Livingstone
Slavemarkedet i Zanzibar

 Zambia_Livingstone_museet_Livingstone
Kart over reisene til Livingstone

 Zambia_Livingstone_markedet
Etter museumsbesøket var vi på to markeder i Livingstone.
Her er grønsaksmarkedet.


 Zambia_Livingstone_markedet
Småfisk og åmer

 Zambia_Livingstone_markedet
Bussen vår med bagasjehenger
Zambia_Livingstone_markedet
Etter grønsaksmarkedet
satte vi kursen mot
gresebyen
Kazungula.
Der skulle vi krysse
elva Zambezi i båt.

Langs veien sto
kilometervis
med trailere i fergekø.
De måtte regne
med to uker i kø
før de kom over elva.

The Kazungula Ferry is a pontoon ferry across the 400 metres (1,300 ft) wide Zambezi River between Botswana and Zambia. It is one of the largest
ferries in south-central Africa, having a capacity of 70 tonnes (69 long tons;
77 short tons).The service is provided by two motorised pontoons and
operates between border posts at Kazungula, Zambia and Kazungula, Botswana.


 Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
In 2003 the ferry was the site of a disaster when a severely overloaded Zambian
truck capsized one of the pontoons and 18 people drowned. The accident was
blamed on the lack of weighbridges in Zambia to check the weight of trucks.  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazungula_Ferry


 Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
Båten vi skal ha er kommet til
Kazungula.



 Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
Først skulle bagasjen ombord. Da det var gjort var det plass til noen passasjerer.

 Zambia_Botswana_grense
Kazungula Bridge is a road and rail bridge under construction over the
Zambezi River between the countries of Zambia and Botswana at Kazungula.
In August 2007 the governments of Zambia and Botswana announced a deal
to construct a bridge to replace the existing ferry.
Construction of the US$259.3 million project, which includes international
border facilities in Zambia and Botswana officially began on 12 October 2014
and is due to be completed by 2018.
The 923-metre-long (3,028 ft) by 18.5-metre-wide (61 ft) bridge links the town of Kazungula in Zambia with Botswana and is curved to avoid the nearby
borders of Zimbabwe and Namibia.  
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazungula_Bridge


 Zambia_Botswana_grense_fergekaia
Zambia_Botswana_grense
Det brukes enda uthulte
trestammer til å frakte
varer med.

Det virker ikke veldig trygt.
 
Her er det både
krokodiller, flodhester og
sikkert andre ikke helt
ufarlige dyr.

Botswana
 Zambia_Botswana_grense
Karl Martin går i land i Botswana
Zambia_Botswana_grense
Koffertene skal over i ny bagasjehenger
Botswana_grensen_til_Zambia_vassing_i_Zambezi

Mens vi ventet på resten av gruppa, fikk Karl Martin sjansen til å vasse i
Zambezi-elva.
Heldigvis kom ingen krokodiller krypende.


 Botswana-Zambia_grense_fergekaia

                  Botswana-Zambia_grense
Resten av reisefølge vårt ankommer Kazungula i Botswana

 Botswana-Zambia_grense
Botswana is a land-locked country situated in southern Africa.

It borders South Africa, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Approximately
two-thirds of the country lies within the Tropics.Country Size:
Botswana covers an area of 581 730 square kilometres – about the size
of France or Kenya..

Most of the country is flat, with some small hills in the eastern areas.
Kalahari sands cover 84 percent of the surface area. With the exception
of the northern areas, most of Botswana is without perennial surface water.


The Republic of Botswana

Vi har vært gjennom
passkontroll og har vasket
skoa, så nå får vi reise videre
inn til Kasane.

Botswana is a rarity in our
overpopulated, over-developed
 world. Untamed and
untameable, it is one of the last
great refuges for Nature’s
magnificent pageantry of life.

http://www.botswanatourism.
co.bw/welcome   (20.8.2019)
Botswana_Kasane_Grete
Tourism Centres: Maun Kasane
Government: Multi-party democracy
Head of State: His Excellency Lt. Gen. Dr Seretse Khama Ian Khama
Population: 1.85 million, with an average annual growth rate of 2.4 %
(2006 statistics)
National Language: Setswana
Official Language: English
Currency: Botswana Pula
Main Exports: Diamonds, copper nickel, beef, soda ash, tourism
Major Crops: Maize, sorghum, millet

Capital: Gaborone
Independence day: 30 September 1966

http://www.botswanatourism.co.bw/glance
(20.8.2019)


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-safari-Lodge

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-safari-Lodge
Bildet er tatt fra rommet vårt på Chobe Safari Lodge
Chobe Safari Park
 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park_
På Safari
De første dyra vi så var disse bavianene


Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park_
Bavian
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
The African buffalo is not an
ancestor of domestic cattle and is
only distantly related to other
larger bovines. Owing to its
unpredictable nature, which makes
it highly dangerous to humans,
the African buffalo has never been domesticated, unlike
its Asian counterpart, the water
buffalo. Other than humans, African
Cape buffaloes have few predators
aside from lions and large crocodiles,
and are capable of defending
themselves. Being a member of the
big five game, the Cape buffalo is
a sought-after trophy in hunting. 
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_buffalo



 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Afrikabladhøen, african Jacana (fuglen) og en krokodille.

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

The Egyptian goose
(Alopochen aegyptiaca) is a member
of the duck, goose, and swan family
Anatidae. It is native to Africa south
of the Sahara and the Nile Valley.


Egyptian geese were considered sacred
by the Ancient Egyptians, and appeared
in much of their artwork. They have
been raised for food and extensively
bred in parts of Africa since they were domesticated by the ancient Egyptians. Because of their popularity chiefly as ornamental bird, escapes are common
and small feral populations have
become established in Western Europe. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_goose

Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Warthogs are members of the same
 family as domestic pigs, but present
a much different appearance. These
sturdy hogs are not among the world's most aesthetically pleasing
 animals—their large, flat heads are covered with "warts," which are
actually protective bumps.
Warthogs also sport four sharp tusks.
They are mostly bald, but they do
have some sparse hair and a thicker
mane on their backs.
Behavior
Though warthogs appear ferocious,
they are basically grazers. They eat
grasses and plants, and also use their snouts to dig or “root” for roots or
bulbs. When startled or threatened,
warthogs can be surprisingly fast,
running at speeds of up to 30 miles
an hour.
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/
mammals/w/warthog/



 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Vortesvin
Warthogs kneel on their front knees to feed because they have short necks and
relativity long legs. They have adapted by developing special kneepads.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The warthog is mainly a grazer and has adapted an interesting practice of
kneeling on its calloused, hairy, padded knees to eat short grass. Using its
snout and tusks, it also digs for bulbs, tubers and roots during the dry season.
http://www.outtoafrica.nl/animals/engwarthog.html

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Monitor lizards have long necks,
powerful tails and claws, and
well-developed limbs.
The adult length of extant species
ranges from 20 cm (7.9 in) in some
species, to over 3 m (10 ft) in the case
of the Komodo dragon, though the extinct varanid known as megalania
(Varanus priscus) may have been
capable of reaching lengths of more
than 7 m (23 ft). Most monitor
species are terrestrial, but arboreal
and semiaquatic monitors are also
known. While most monitor lizards are carnivorous, eating eggs, smaller
reptiles, fish, birds and small
mammals, some also eat fruit and
vegetation, depending on where they
live. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monitor_lizard


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Bøfler ved Chobe-elva
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Vi ser etter dyrespor,
men ser mest bilspor.

Hellig ibis. Holy Ibis (den svarte og hvite fuglen)
An adult individual is 68 cm (27 in) long with all-white body plumage apart from
dark plumes on the rump. The bald head and neck, thick curved bill and legs are
black. The white wings show a black rear border in flight. Sexes are similar,
but juveniles have dirty white plumage, a smaller bill and some feathering on the
neck.
This bird is usually silent, but occasionally makes some croaking noises, unlike its
vocal relative, the hadada ibis.  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_sacred_ibis


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Krokodille

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Flodhest

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Elefanter

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Chobe

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Elefanter og krokodille

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Egrett-hegre, Great Egret
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Impala
The great egret (Ardea alba), also known as the common egret, large egret or
(in the Old World) great white heron, is a large, widely distributed egret, with
four subspecies found in Asia, Africa, the Americas, and southern Europe.
Distributed across most of the tropical and warmer temperate regions of the
world. It builds tree nests in colonies close to water.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_egret

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Lions are the only cats that live in groups, which are called prides.
Prides are family units that may include up to three males, a dozen or so
females, and their young. All of a pride's lionesses are related, and female
cubs typically stay with the group as they age. Young males eventually
leave and establish their own prides by taking over a group headed by
another male.  

http://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/a/african-lion/


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 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Female lions are the pride's primary hunters. They often work together to prey
upon antelopes, zebras, wildebeest, and other large animals of the open grasslands.
Many of these animals are faster than lions, so tea
mwork pays off.

http://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/a/african-lion/
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

En pause i safariparken.
Chobe National Park
Proclaimed a wildlife reserve in 1968, and covering 11,700km2, Chobe National
Park is situated in the far north-east of Botswana, bordered to the north by the
Chobe River.
Chobe is game-viewing country, particularly in winter (March - July).
November - December sees the migration of herbivores between the
Chobe River and Savuti Marsh (and back between February and April).
Game-viewing and bird-watching cruises on the Chobe River.
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Skyggen vår



The Chobe's perennial waters rise in the northern Angolan highlands. Chobe has
four physically and vegetationally distinctive areas; the barely discernible dry
Savuti Channel, Linyati, Serondella and Nogatsaa.Each area known for
concentrations of specific game. Savuti famous for lion and hyaena, Linyati for
hippo and crocodile, and Nogatsaa and Serondella for elephant. Savuti's
carnivores follow large herds of zebra, wildebeest, buffalo and impala that
move through the area. 
Many types of animals seen including the fairly rare puku and Chobe bushbuck.
460 bird species, including raptors, vultures and inland waterbirds.

http://www.botswana.co.za/Area_Guides-travel/chobe-faqs.html   (20.8.2019)


                          Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park      
                         Sjiraffer og impala
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Sjiraffer
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

The Chobe River is the northern boundary of the Chobe National Park, where
the great elephant concentrations occur on the river during the dry season.
The national park encompasses a vast area that also includes Savuti.

http://www.botswana.co.za/Area_Guides-travel/chobe-faqs.html


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Sjiraff, impala, det ligger en sebra helt til høyre i bildet
og jeg tror det ligger noe i gresset foran sebraen.


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Sinna elefant

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Park
Impalaflokk
Tirsdag 28. mars 2017
 


Fra dagsprogrammet:
Etter frokost blir det nok en spesiell
tur, denne gangen safari med en
bred, åpen båt med tak.
Slik kommer vi tett innpå dyrene fra elvesiden.
Man ser ofte bl.a. flodhester og mye
fugler på denne turen og selvfølgelig
mange elefanter som koser seg med
ungene sine i vannet.

Om ettermiddagen slapper vi av
ved bassenget eller tar en liten
tur i byen.

Middag på hotellet.                  
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe-Safari_Lodge

Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Vannbukk
The waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) is a large antelope found widely in
sub-Saharan Africa. It is placed in the genus Kobus of the family Bovidae.
It was first described by Irish naturalist William Ogilby in 1833.
The thirteen subspecies are grouped under two varieties: the common or ellipsen waterbuck and the defassa waterbuck. The head-and-body length is typically
between 177–235 cm (70–93 in) and the average height is between 120 and
136 cm (47 and 54 in).
The waterbuck is of a robust build. The shaggy coat is reddish brown to grey, and
becomes progressively darker with age. Males are darker than females.
Though apparently thick, the hair is sparse on the coat. The hair on the neck is,
however, long and shaggy. When sexually excited, the skin of the waterbuck
secretes a greasy substance with the odour of musk, giving it the name "greasy kob".
The odor of this is so unpleasant that it repels predators. This secretion also assists
in water-proofing the body when the animal dives into water.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waterbuck
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
The African Fish Eagle is a fairly
large eagle.
It has a distinctive black, brown,
and white plumage.
It is most frequently seen sitting
high in a tall tree from where it
has a good view of the stretch of
river, lakeshore or coastline,
which is its territory. Near a lake with an abundant food supply, a pair may
require less
than a  square mile of water to find enough food, whereas next
to a small river, they may require a stretch of 15 miles or more.
Some tend to move around to avoid the wettest weather,
whereas others stay where they are all year round.

http://www.krugerpark.co.za/africa_fish_eagle.html

African fish eagles breed during the dry season, when water levels are low.
They are believed to mate for life. Pairs often maintain two or more nests,
which they frequently reuse. Because nests are reused and built upon over
the years, they can grow quite large, some reaching 2 m (6.0 ft) across and
1.2 m (3.9 ft) deep. The nests are placed in a large tree and are built
mostly of sticks and other pieces of wood

The female lays one to three eggs, which are primarily white with a few
reddish speckles. Incubation is mostly done by the female, but the male
incubates when the female leaves to hunt. Incubation lasts for 42 to 45
days before the chicks hatch. Siblicide does not normally occur in this
taxon, and the parents often successfully rear two or three chicks.
Chicks fledge around 70 to 75 days old. Postfledgling dependence lasts up
to three months, whereafter the juveniles become nomadic, and may
congregate in groups away from territorial adults. Those that survive
their first year have a life expectancy of some 12 to 24 years    

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_fish_eagle


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
The African jacana (Actophilornis africanus) is a wader in the family Jacanidae, identifiable by long toes and long claws that enable them to walk on floating
vegetation in shallow lakes, their preferred habitat. Jacanas are found worldwide
within the tropical zone, and this species is found in sub-saharan Africa.


The jacana has evolved a highly unusually polyandrous mating system, meaning
that one female mates with multiple males and the male alone cares for the chicks.
Such a system has evolved due to a combination of two factors: firstly, the lakes
that the jacana lives on are so resource-rich that the relative energy expended by
the female in producing each egg is effectively negligible. Secondly the jacana, as
a bird, lays eggs and eggs can be equally well incubated and cared for by a parent
bird of either gender. This means that the rate-limiting factor of the jacana's
breeding is the rate at which the males can raise and care for the chicks. Such a
system of females forming harems of males is in direct contrast to the more usual
system of leks seen in animals such as stags and grouse, where the males compete
and display in order to gain harems of females.

The parent that forms part of the harem is almost always the one that ends up
caring for the offspring; in this case, each male jacana incubates and rears a
nest of chicks. The male African jacana has therefore evolved some remarkable adaptations for parental care, such as the ability to pick up and carry chicks
underneath its wings.  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_jacana

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
The male is mainly glossy black with white streaking, but females and
immature
birds are browner.
The African darter differs in appearance from the American darter
most recognisably by its thin
white lateral neck stripe against a
rufous background colour. The pointed bill
should prevent
confusion with cormorants.

It is an 80 cm long cormorant-like fish-eating species with a very long
neck,
like other anhingas.
This species builds a stick nest in a tree and lays 3–6 eggs.
It often nests with herons, egrets and cormorants.

It often swims with only the neck above water, hence the common name
snakebird. This, too, is a habit shared with the other anhingas.
Unlike many other waterbirds the feathers of the African darter do not
contain any oil and are
therefore not waterproof. Because of this, the bird
is less positively buoyant and its diving
capabilities are enhanced.
After diving for fish, the feathers can become waterlogged.
In order to be
able to fly and maintain heat insulation, it needs to dry its feathers. Thus the

African darter is often seen sitting along the waterside spreading its wings
and drying its
feathers in the wind and the sun along with cormorants
which may share its habitat.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_darte

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park


Chobe River

The river begins its existence as a small mountain spring in Angola,
where it is known as the Kwando (a Hambukushu name).
From here, it travels great distances through the Kalahari
sands before it reaches Botswana and becomes the Linyanti (a Subiya name).


It finally becomes the Chobe at the border post of Ngoma,
from where it continues to run along Botswana’s northern border before
meeting the mighty Zambezi and tumbling over the precipice at Victoria Falls.
The Chobe’s course, like the Okavango and the Zambezi River, is affected by
fault lines which are extensions of the Great Rift Valley.


By the time the river reaches the national park’s northern border, it has become
a broad,
twisting mass of water that snakes its way through swampland and is interspersed by a number of lush, green islands

http://www.chobenationalpark.com/chobe-river



 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park


Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

Fotografering av elefanter
 

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park


 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Cruiseskip på Chobe: over Chobe Princess

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Zambezi Queen

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Namibier på båttur

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Litt uenige

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
En liten slåsskamp

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
og så er de venner igjen

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Vi ser over til Namibia
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Black-Smith Povel, Smedvipe
The blacksmith lapwing or blacksmith
plover (Vanellus armatus) occurs commonly
from Kenya through central Tanzania to
southern and southwestern Africa.
The vernacular name derives from the
repeated metallic 'tink, tink, tink' alarm call,
which suggests a blacksmith'
s hammer
striking an anvil. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blacksmith_lapwing


Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Flodhest igjen

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
og enda en krokodille

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park
Flagget til Botswana

The colours of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings.
The light blue represents water—specifically, in its form of rain, as it is
a precious resource in Botswana, which relies on agriculture and suffers
from frequent droughts due to the dry and arid climate of the Kalahari Desert.
The blue also alludes to the motto featured on the coat of arms of
Botswana—Pula, which means "Let there be rain" in Setswana—as well as
life, which is sustained by water.

The black band with the white frame has two meanings. Firstly, they
symbolize the harmony and cooperation between the people of different
races who live in Botswana, as well as the racial diversity of the country.
Furthermore, they represent the stripes of the zebra, the national
animal of Botswana.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Botswan
Namibia_Chobe_Safari-Park_Namibias-flagg
og flagget til Namibia
Namibias flagg

From the 1960s the South
West Africa People’s
Organization (SWAPO)
was the leading group
working toward
independence in
 what was then South
West Africa, a de facto
colony of neighbouring
South Africa.
When South Africa, under
pressure from the
international community,
eventually agreed to
relinquish control over the
territory, a flag design
competition was held for
the future Republic of Namibia.
The electoral victory of SWAPO in 1989 guaranteed that its own flag
(a horizontal tricolour of blue, red, and green) would be influential when
the choice was made.

Working with the 835 proposals submitted, the National Symbols
Sub-Committee of the transitional government met throughout January
1990 and finally approved a flag recommended by South African State
Herald Frederick Brownell. That design placed the blue-red-green SWAPO
stripes diagonally and added white fimbriations (narrow borders) on
either side of the red to set off the colours. A golden 12-pointed sun was
added in the upper hoist corner to represent life and energy. While no
specific colour attributions were originally made, red is now considered
to reflect the heroism of the people and their determination to build a
future of equal opportunity. Green is for agricultural resources, blue is for
 the sky and the Atlantic Ocean, and white is for peace and unity. The flag
was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on February 2, 1990, and was
first officially hoisted on independence day, March 21, that same year

https://www.britannica.com/topic/flag-of-Namibia
(20.8.2019)

 Namibia_Chobe_Safari-Park_Namibias-flagg
Namibia

 Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park_The-Raft
Restauranten The Raft

Botswana_Kasane_Chobe_Safari-Park_The-Raft

 Botswana_Chobe_Safari_Lodge
Botswana_Chobe_Safari_Lodge
Lunsj på Chobe Safari Lodge
  Kasane
Botswana_Kasane
Kasane turistinformasjon

       Botswana_Chobe_Safari_Lodge

 Botswana_Kasane
Vortesvin på vei til Chobe Marina Lodge. Ambulansen må kjøre sakte.

 Botswana_Kasane
Dyra er framme ved lodgen

 Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge

Solnedgang over Chobe
Vi fikk musikk og dans til den siste middagen i Afrika. (Siste på denne turen)


Onsdag 29. mars 2017

Program for dagen:
Etter en rolig frokost sjekker
vi ut frahotellet.

Vi kjører til flyplassene i Kasane,
busstur på ca. 10 minutter.

Vi flyr først til Johannesburg.

Derfra tar
vi fly til Heathrow, London

Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
Karl Martin får føttene i Chobe-elva også.
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge


Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge

Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge

Bilder fra salongen på lodgen
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge

Botswana_Chobe-Safari-Lodge
En rolig formiddag.
Flyet skulle ikke gå før kl 1400



 Botswana_Kasane_flyplass
Flyplassen i Kasane, Botswana

 Botswana_Kasane_flyplass
Torsdag 30. mars 2017

Vi ankommer London om
morgenen og flyr videre
til Oslo med ankomst
kl 1330.

Fra Gardermoen fortsatte de
fleste i gruppa vår med fly til
Værnes.

Vi var ferdig med flyvninger
for denne gang og fortsatte
med flytog og
buss hjem til Slemmestad.
London_Heathrow
Grete med wienerbrød og te på Heathrow

Bilder: Karl Martin Emblemsvåg og Grete Emblemsvåg
Tekst: Karl Martin Emblemsvåg, Grete Emblemsvåg og
tekster fra internett og brosjyrer.

8.5.2017, endringer 20.8.2019

Tilbake til 1. side