tilbake til 1. side

Spania 2016


Vi bodde først i Malaga. Mens vi bodde der besøkte vi også byene, Granada, Ronda, Nerja og Mijas.

Etter 10 netter i Malaga tog vi toget til Cordoba og var der 2 netter.

Neste stopp var Madrid. Der skulle vi vært 3 netter, 
men på grunn av flygelederstreik i Frankrike, og siden terroren i Brüssel, ble det 7 netter i Madrid.
Derfor ble det tid til et besøk i Toledo også.
14.11.2016

endringer 2.8.2019
Lørdag 5. mars 2016

Avreise fra Slemmestad ved
9-tida. Flyet (Norwegian)
skulle gå kl 13 10.

I Malaga bodde vi på Hotel
Don Curro. Hotellet hadde
fin beliggenhet midt i
sentrum, men likevel
forholdsvis rolig.

Været: Det var litt kjølig,
men bra vær da vi kom.

På kvelden regna det litt.

Spania_fra_flyet


 Spania_Malaga_regn
Malaga en sen kveld i regn. Det var lørdagskveld og mye folk på byen.
Søndag 6. mars 2016

Etter en god frokost gikk vi ut
for å se på byen.

Vi var først en tur innom
Katedralen.

Det var søndag formiddag, og
derfor messe i katedralen.
Vi ville ikke forstyrre, så vi var
ikke lenge der inne.

I stedet gikk vi opp til
Gibralfaro som er det
opprinnelige slottet/borgen i
Malaga.

Været: fint vær, men litt kald
vind.
temp 14-16 grader

Spania_Malaga_fra_hotellet_soplekassa

Det var streik blant søppelkjørerne og
alle byens søppelkasser fløyt over av
søppel.


Spania_Malaga

Malaga´s cathedral
was built between 1528 and 1782
on or near the site of a former
mosque.
While original plans had allowed
for two towers, both lack of funds
those donated to American
 Independence resulted in the
completion of only one, giving
rise to the name by which the
cathedral is affectionately referred
to, La Manquita, loosely interpreted
as "one armed woman".

The interior has influences of the
Renaissance and baroquestyles.
The notable 17th century choir
stalls of mahogany and cedarwood
were designed by Luis Ortiz.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/
malaga/cathedral.htm
Spania_Malaga_Katedralen
Karl Martin utenfor Katedralen


 
Spania_Malaga_veien_til_Gibralfaro
Selv om det ikke var mer enn omkring 15 grader, ble det varmt i
bakken opp til Gibralfaro.

Gibralfaro
This Castle, built in the 14th.
Century to house troops and
protect the Alcazaba,
is today one of the most visited
monuments in Málaga.
From its walls, visitors get spectacular views of the city
and you can visit the
Interpretation Centre to
discover the site's history.
 
It was named after a lighthouse at
its peak (Jabal-Faruk, the light mountain).
Although it was used by the Phoenicians and Romans,
in 1340 the Nasrid King Yusuf I
made the place into a fortress.
 
During the reconquest (i.e. the Reconquista) it was besieged by
the Catholic Monarchs in
the summer of 1487 and
Ferdinand the Catholic made it
his temporary residence
after the victory.
Spania_Malaga_
Veien opp til Gibralfaro så ut til å være
en vanlig trimtur. Noen løp opp, noen
syklet og noen hadde nok med å gå
oppover.


______________________________________



In addition, he designated the
castle as a symbol
on the coat of arms of the city.

http://www.malagaturismo.com/en/tourist-
resources/detail/castillo-de-gibralfaro/12


 Spania_Malaga_veien_til_Gibralfaro
Utsikt over Malaga fra et utsiktspunkt på veien opp. Bak høyhusa ligger
Malagueta-stranda.


 Spania_Malaga_veien_til_Gibralfaro
Bortenfor stranda er havna. Den store båten er ei ferga over til Afrika.
Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro_murene
Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro_utsikt
It was considered the most
impregnable fortress on the Iberian peninsula for a time. It has two lines
of walls and eight towers.
The outer wall meets the coracha, zigzagging walls arranged to link to
the Alcazaba Castle. Inside you can
walk around the whole perimeter of
the fortress.
The Castle is divided into two parts.
The upper part is called the main courtyard and houses the
Interpretation Centre where you can
discover the history of the castle
through the lives of its inhabitants.



 Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro
You will find the Main Tower (Torre Mayor), 17 metres high, the Phoenician
well and the baths in this section. The Airón well was dug in solid rock to a
depth of 40 meters.
 
The lower part, or courtyard, held the troop barracks and stables.
The watchtower or White Tower (Torre Blanca), facing the North East, is
one of the most visible  ones and inside you will find a water tank,
auxiliary buildings and storerooms. 

http://www.malagaturismo.com/en/tourist-resources/detail/castillo-de-gibralfaro/12
Spania_Malaga
Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Vi gikk en annen vei ned, og kom til en fin park.

Så gikk vi videre til stranda. Vi hadde ikke med badetøy, så noe bad ble det ikke.

LA MALAGUETA

This is a very large man made beach, it is accessed via the Pablo Picasso promenade
whose bars and restaurants are busy day and night. It has a view of the fishing area
where you can see the fisherman untangling their nets.
http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/beaches.htm

 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Grete tester badetemperaturen.

 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Karl Martin slapper av i den varme sanda.


There are a number of Chiringuitos offering a selection of drinks and Tapas.
Facilities include: disabled access, warning advice, hire of sunbeds and
parasols,
parking, public telephone, showers, W.C and a children´s play area.
This beach is
the closest to the city centre located to the east of the port.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/beaches.htm


 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta-Faro
Det var ikke den store dagen for dem som leier ut solsenger.
Været var fint, men vinden var litt for kald.


The lighthouse is La Farola, one of the most famous and historic of Spanish
lighthouses. There is a small information board by the side of it, which I shall
quote verbatim -
"La Farola Lighthouse id the work of Pery y Guzmán. Its construction was
completed in 1817, being located at that time at the entrance to Malaga Port.
It stands 38 meters above the sea and its light theoretically reaches as far as
25 miles, with 3 + 1 flashes every twenty seconds.

http://lighthousesabroad.blogspot.no/2014/05/la-farola-malaga.html?view=classic

 Spania_Malaga_kunstutstilling
På veien fra stranda og tilbake til sentrum kom vi forbi en kunstutstilling.
Kunstneren er Andres Serna.

Spania_Malaga_don-Quisjot
Don Quijote var også på utstillingen.
Kunstneren var Curro Leyton.

Spania_Malaga
Pariserhjulet i Malaga
The Malaga Big Wheel (Noria de Malaga) is a modern 70m-high big wheel located
in Malaga port, near the city centre. Billed as Europe's largest itinerant ferris
wheel, it opened in September 2015 and will be in situ until September 2016, or
possibly longer if the contract is extended again. 

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/big-wheel-noria.htm
Mandag 7. mars 2015

Vi begynte dagen med å hente billettene til Alhambra i Granada.
Dit skulle vi neste dag.

Vi var også innom turistinformasjonen for å få rutetabeller til buss og tog.
Det var flere byer i nærheten vi skulle besøke i løpet av ferien.


Været: opp til 13 grader, vind opp til 8 m/s.
En kort, men kraftig regnskur om formiddagen og en om kvelden.


Vi hadde tenkt å begynne dagenmed et besøk i Carmen-Thyssen museet.
Men museer har ofte stengt mandager, og sånn var det her også.
Like ved Carmen-Thyssen ligger
kirken Santo Cristo. Vi var innom den.

16th Century. Known as the Santo Cristo
(Holy Christ), this church was founded by
the Jesuits, who also gave their name to this
street (Calle de la Compañía). It is the first
building on the right at the entrance of
Calle
de la Compañía and it is unusual in
that it
has a circular floor plan.
  In 1572, after the Jesuits came to do
missionary work in Málaga, the Jesuits
decided to settle here and purchased a
house
next to the San Sebastian
Sanctuary where
they practised their ministry. They decided to build a new
church because the Sanctuary
was not
large enough to hold public services.

The works were not started until 1598 and
the church opened on 28 September 1630
although some work continued until 1644.

http://www.malagaturismo.com/en/tourist-resources/
detail/santo-cristo-de-la-salud-church/442
Spania_Malaga_Santo_Cristo

Spania_Malaga_Rio_Guadalmedina
The Guadalmedina (from the Arabic wādi, “river” + medina, "city";
River of the City) is a river that runs through the city of Málaga, Spain.
Historically, it has played an important role in the city's history, and has
divided the city into two halves. The city’s historic center is located on its
left bank.
It is a river subject to high seasonal variations and has five well defined
tributaries which have their sources in the Montes de Málaga range, the
Arroyo de las Vacas, Arroyo Chaperas, Arroyo Humaina, Arroyo Hondo and
Arroyo de Los Frailes. All of these rivers are dry most of the year.
Located in the mountains, the Limonero Dam on the Guadalmedina
provides water for the area.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guadalmedina


This fortress palace, whose name in Arabic means citadel, is one of the city's historical monuments and is much visited because of
its history and beauty.
 
The building that dates from the Muslim period is located at the foot
of the Gibralfaro hill, crowned by
the Arab defence works to which
the Alcazaba is connected by a
walled passage known as the
Coracha. With the Roman
Theatre and the Aduana Customs
Building, this special corner offers
the chance to observe Roman,
Arab and Renaissance culture, all within a few yards of each other.

According to Arab historians, it was
built between 1057 and 1063 at the
instructions of Badis, King of the Berber Taifa of Granada.
Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba
Transported material was used in
its construction and columns,
capitals and other materials were
taken from the nearby Roman Theatre.

http://www.malagaturismo.com/en/tourist-
resources/detail/alcazaba/6


Vi gikk en tur bortom elva som renner gjennom byen.
Det var ikke mye vann der nå.

Så fortsatte vi til Alcazaba, den gamle borgen i Malaga.
Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba
Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba

Karl Martin fotograferer på Alcazaba
Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba
Keramikkovn på Alcazaba

Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba
Karl Martin slapper av på Alcazaba.
Spania_Malaga_Picassomuseet
Grete utenfor Picassomuseet.
Pablo Picasso is probably the most important figure of 20th century, in terms of art, and art movements that occurred over this period. Before the age of 50, the Spanish born artist had become the most well known name in modern art, with the most distinct style and eye for artistic creation. There had been no other artists, prior to Picasso, who had such an impact on the art world, or had a mass following of fans and critics alike, as he did.
Pablo Picasso was born in Spain in 1881, and was raised there before going on to spend most of his adult life working as an artist in France. Throughout the long course of his career, he created more than 20,000 paintings, drawings, sculptures, ceramics and other items such as costumes and theater sets.
Museo Picasso Málaga
 is governed by the
Fundación
Museo Picasso Málaga.
Legado Paul, Christine y
Bernard Ruiz-Picasso,
which holds full legal
rights and the beneficiary
title of the collection and the
Museum holdings and is the
owner of the Palacio de
Buenavista, the institution’s
headquarters.

http://www.museopicassomalaga.org/en/foundation
Spania_Malaga_Picasso

Bather
The limbs of the undulating bather in this late
work by Picasso are barely distinguishable
from the foamy green sea surging around her.
Bilde fra http://www.museopicassomalaga.org/en

He is universally renowned as one of the most influential and celebrated
 artists of the twentieth century.

http://www.pablopicasso.org/
Tirsdag 8. mars 2016

Tirsdag den 8. var avsatt til en tur til Alhambra i Granada.
Billettene var kjøpt inn på internett. Det var begrensa hvor mange
som slapp inn hver dag. Det gjaldt særlig Palacios Nazaries,
eller Nasridpalasset.

Bussen til Granada tok litt over to timer, men det var interessant å se innlandet også,
små hvite byer, olivenskoger etc.
Fra bussterminalen tok vi taxi opp
til Alhambra. Alternativet var tre forskjellige busser. Det er ikke så enkelt med flere
bussbytter når man er helt ukjent på stedet.

Vi hadde billetter til kl 14. Klokka 12 30 var vi framme. Så vi rakk både å
spise lunsj og å se oss litt om i området før vi slapp inn på Alhambra.
Heldigvis var været fint, selm om det fortsatt var litt kald vind.
Det lå nysnø i fjellene rundt byen.

Spania_Malaga_Granada_oliven
Oliventrær sett fra bussen
Spania_Malaga_el_Toro
El Toro

 Spania_Malaga_Granada_Sierra-Nevada
Sierra Nevada fra Granada

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra
Vi slapp ikke inn på Alhambra før klokka 1400, men litt kunne vi se selv
utenfor murene.


 Spania_Granada_Alhambra
Alhambra utenfor murene
Spania_Granada_oliventre
Spania_Granada_Sierra-Nevada
Oliventrær og snøfjell i Granada
Spania_Granada_appelsintre
Appelsintrær i Granada
Spania_Granada_Alhambra_inngangen
Klokka blitt 14 00, og vi slipper inn på Alhambra.
The name Alhambra comes from an Arabic root which means
"red or crimson castle", perhaps due to the hue of the towers and walls that
surround the entire hill of La Sabica which by starlight is silver but by
sunlight is transformed into gold. But there is another more poetic version,
evoked by the Moslem analysts who speak of the construction of the Alhambra
 fortress "by the light of torches", the reflections of which gave the walls their
particular coloration. Created originally for military purposes, the Alhambra
was an "alcazaba" (fortress), an "alcázar" (palace) and a small "medina" (city),
 all in one. This triple character helps to explain many distinctive features of the
monument.

There is no reference to the Alhambra as being a residence of kings until the
13th century, even though the fortress had existed since the 9th century. The
first kings of Granada, the Zirites, had their castles and palaces on the hill of
the Albaicin, and nothing remains of them. The Nasrites were probably the
emirs who built the Alhambra, starting in 1238.
The founder of the dynasty, Muhammed Al-Ahmar, began with the restoration
of the old fortress. His work was completed by his son Muhammed II, whose immediate successors continued with the repairs. The construction of the
palaces (called Casa Real Vieja, "old Royal House or Palace") dates back to the
14th century and is the work of two great kings: Yusuf I and Muhammed V.
To the first we owe, among others, the "Cuarto de Comares" (Chamber of
Comares), the "Puerta de la Justicia" (Gate of Justice), the Baths and some
towers. His son, Muhammed V, completed the beautification of the palaces
with the "Cuarto de los Leones" (Chamber of the Lions), as well as other
rooms and fortifications.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/granada/alhamhistory.htm
Spania_Granada_Alhambra
The Mosque Baths of the Alhambra
Spania_Granada_Alhambra


 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-de-Carlos-V
Til venstre: Carlos V Palace

The construction of the Carlos V Palace was a consequence of the need to
have a place with all the comforts of that time for the Emperor and his
family, since the "Alcazar", which was his summer residence, did not
cover his needs.

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-de-Carlos-V
Carlos V Palace
The building, cut-stone-made, has a square shape and it is 63 meters long
by 17,40 meters high at the main façades, with an inscribed circular shaped
courtyard in its interior, which resulted in a different, strange and unique floor
 plan (never before such a building had been constructed), of very difficult use.
http://www.alhambra.info/en/carlos-V-palace.asp

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries
The Nasrid Palaces
Mohammed ben Al-Hamar
(Mohammed I) was the first king
to move to the Alcazaba and no
records about a new palace being
built are kept until those of
Abu l-Walid Ismail (fifth king of the dynasty).
A palace was built near
the Great Mosque (Gran Mezquita) but only the 
Mexuar
is now left because Yusuf I destroyed it completely.
He started some improvements
in the 
Comares Tower (Torre de Comares), the Court of the Myrtles (Patio de los Arrayanes) and the Baths (Baños).
Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries
These improvements were finished by
Mohammed V, who added them all to
the Mexuar, extended the gallery that
would later be called Machuca and constructed the 
Palace of the Lions
(Palacio de los Leones).



 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries
Til høyre (to the right):


The Court of the Myrtles (Patio de los Arrayanes) has received different names
throughout time. Its current name is due to the myrtle bushes that surround
the central pond and the bright green colour of which contrasts with the
white marble of the patio. It was also called the Patio of the Pond or the
Reservoir (Patio del Estanque o de la Alberca) because of the central pond,
which is 34 metres long and 7,10 meters wide.


 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries
The pond divides the patio and receives its water from two fountains (one at
each end of the pond). There are chambers on both sides of the patio and
several porticoes on the shorter sides of it. These porticoes rest on columns
with cubic capitals, which have seven semicircular arches decorated with
fretwork rhombuses and inscriptions praising God.
The central arch is greater than the other six and has solid scallops decorated
with stylised vegetal forms and capitals of mocarabes.

http://www.alhambradegranada.org/en/info/placesandspots/courtofthemyrtles.asp
Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries
Til høyre (to the right):
Palace of the Lions
When Mohammed V succeeded
his fatherYusuf I, he did more
than just finishing the alterations
that his father had started.
He actually started building
what would become his great
work of art, the marvellous
legacy he left us in the Alhambra:
the Palace of the Lions
(Palacio de los Leones).
This palace comprised the
private chambers of the royal
family and it was built in the
angle formed by the Baths
(Baños) and the Court of the
Myrtles(Patio de los Arrayanes).



 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Patio-de-los-Leones
Palace of the Lions
Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazarie
The Hall of the Abencerrajes
 
(Sala de los Abencerrajes) is
located in front of the Hall
of the Two Sisters
(Sala de Dos
Hermanas).
It is so called because
it is said that the Abencerrajes knights were there beheaded, although the experts can not decide who
was the king who
ordered it.
In fact, there is a rust stain covering part of the marble fountain in the middle of the hall, which is said to be a bloodstain from the Abencerrajes knights.
http://www.alhambradegranada.org/en/info/placesandspots/halloftheabencerrajes.asp

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazarie

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries
The Nasrid Palaca

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_fra_Generalife
Alhambra fra Generalife

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Generalife

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Generalife
Generalife
It occupied the slopes of the Hill of the Sun (Cerro del Sol), from which there
is a complete view over the city and the valleys of the rivers Genil and Darro.
There are different interpretations of the meaning of its name: the Governor's Garden, the Architect's (alarife) Garden, the Vegetable Garden of the Gypsy
Festivity Organiser, etc. The Generalife became a leisure place for the kings of Granada when they wanted to get away from the official affairs of the palace.

It was built in the 13th century and it was redecorated by the king
Abu I-Walid Isma'il (1313-1324), as it is explained by an inscription
that dates from 1319. This means that the Generalife was built before
the Comares Palace. In spite of it being very close to the Alhambra
and the close relationship between the two complexes, it is considered
to be outside the city. A rebellion against Mohammed V even broke
out in the Alhambra while he was in the Generalife.
https://www.alhambradegranada.org/en/info/generalife/thegeneralife.asp

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Alcazaba
Alcazaba

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Alcazaba.
Alcazaba
Alcazaba
The Alcazaba, a fortress, is one of the oldest part of the Alhambra, as is the
case of the Vermilion Towers (Torres Bermejas). It is thought that before it
was built and before the Muslims arrived to Granada, there were already
several constructions in the same area. The first historical reference to the
existence of the Alcazaba dates from the 9th century and it is believed that
it was then built by Sawwar ben Hamdun during the fights between
Muslims and muwalladins [Christians who converted to the Islam and
lived among the Muslims]. 

The current complex was built by Mohammed I, who constructed the
ramparts around the previous castle, defences and three new towers:
The Broken Tower (Torre Quebrada), the Keep (Torre del Homenaje)
and the Watch Tower (Torre de la Vela). As a consequence, the Alcazaba
became a real fortress, where the king established the royal residence.
His son Mohammed II also had his residence in the Alcazaba, until the
palaces were finished. From then on, the Alcazaba was only used as a
fortress for military purposes. 
https://www.alhambradegranada.org/en/info/alcazaba/alcazaba.asp

 Spania_Granada_fra_Alhambra
Alcazaba
Spania_Granada_Puerta_de_Bibramba
The gate was located in the stretch of
wall of the medina of Granada until
the last quarter of the 19th century,
and between 1873 and 1884 the
process of demolition began.
It gave access to the square of the
same name which was the centre
point of Nasrid Granada which s
pread around it.
It was mainly mud built, with certain
formal and structural elements made
of stone.

This is popularly known as
the gate of Bibrrambla,
Bab al-Ramla in Arabic or gate of
Arenal, (sand) names that it
adopted according to the place
where it was originally located. 
Another name is also
Arch of the Ears (Arco de las
Orejas), a supposed name,
 because malefactors executed by
law were exhibited under it. 

http://www.alhambra-patronato.es/
index.php/Puerta-de-
Bibarrambla/1620+M5d637b1e38d/0/

Spania_Granada
8. mars demonstrasjon i Granada

International Women's Day (March 8)
is a global day celebrating the social,
economic, cultural and political
achievements of women.
The day also marks a call to action
for accelerating gender parity. 

https://www.internationalwomensday.com/About


 Spania_Granada_mot_Alhambra
Fra sentrum av Granada ser vi opp mot Alhambra

Granada was first settled by native tribes in the prehistoric period, and was
known as Ilbyr. When the Romans colonised southern Spain, they built their
own city here and called it Illibris. The Arabs, invading the peninsula in the
8th century, gave it its current name of Granada. It was the last Muslim city
to fall to the Christians in 1492, at the hands of Queen Isabel of Castile and
her husband Ferdinand of Aragon.
One of the most brilliant jewels of universal architecture is the Alhambra,
a series of palaces and gardens built under the Nazari Dynasty in the 14th C.
This mighty compound of buildings – including the summer palace called
Generalife, with its fountains and gardens - stands at the foot of Spain's
highest mountain range, the Sierra Nevada, and overlooks the city below
and the fertile plain of Granada.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/granada.htm
Onsdag 9. mars 2016

Været: Opp til 18 grader, fortsatt litt kald vind, for det meste sol.

Dagen startet med et besøk i Carmen-Thyssen museet.
Ellers hadde vi en rolig dag.
Mye av dagen var vi på stranda


 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Spania_Malaga_Carmen-Thyssen_
Spania_Malaga_Carmen-Thyssen


Eduardo Zamacois y Zabala (2 July 1841 – 12 January 1871)[1][2] was a Spanish
academic painter who was born in Bilbao, Spain on 2 July 1841. He moved to
Madrid in 1859, where he enrolled in the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San
Fernando and studied with Federico de Madrazo.
In 1860, he studied in Paris with Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier (1815–1891).
He achieved success at the Paris Salon of 1867 with Buffon au 16e siècle.
On 18 November 1865 in Paris, he married Marie Louise Perrin. They had two
children, born in Louveciennes: a boy named Miguel (1866) and a girl named
Maria Helena (1871), who married the French painter Jean Alfred Marioton.
Zamacois y Zabala is associated with both classicism and anti-clerical art. He is
known to have employed the Swiss painter Edouard Castres (1838–1902) as
his assistant. He died in Madrid in 1871 at the age of 29. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eduardo_Zamacois_y_Zabala

 Spania_Malaga_Bompidosenteret

THE POMPIDOU CENTRE MALAGA

The Pompidou Centre
by Fiona Flores Watson & Michelle Chaplow

Opened on 28 March 2015, the Pop-Up Pompidou is housed in El Cubo, a
cuboid glass structure in Malaga port, and buildings next to it.
It received 76 thousand visitors in the first three months.
Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza,
one of the world's foremost art
collectors, now has her own
eponymous museum in
Malaga, which opened in March 2011.
The paintings are from her personal
collection, amassed over the past
30 years.
The permanent collection consists of
230 works, mainly by 19th-century
Spanish artists, with most of the subject
matter being, unsurprisingly, Andalucia: Cordoba, Malaga, Sevilla.
The most famous painters whose
works feature in this collection are
Zurbaran, Sorolla, Zuloaga, and Romero
Torres.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/
malaga/museums/thyssen.htm
Spania_Malaga



The 6000m2 centre has 80 works, with two or three annual exhibitions lasting
3-6 months during the next five years.
Divided into seven sections: metamorphoses, the body in pieces, the political body,
self-portraits, man without a face, the workshop of Brancusi, and a final section
dedicated to the architecture of the first Pompidou Centre, in Paris.

http://www.andalucia.com/malaga/pompidou-centre.htm
Spania_Malaga
Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Litt kaldt i vannet, men likevel en
deilig svømmetur.


Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Litt trening må til på en ellers rolig dag
Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Andre nyter rosevin på stranda.

Torsdag 10. mars 2016

Ut på tur igjen.
Denne gang til Ronda, en busstur på nesten 2 timer. Også denne veien gikk
gjennom innlandet bak kysten, men også her var det mye fint å se.
Bussavgang kl 0930.

Retur til Malaga med toget. Toget kjører mye nede i en "grøft",
men likevel var det mye å se.

Spania_Malaga
Ronda ligger på en høyslette ca
750 m.o.h. litt innover i landet
fra Solkysten og har rundt 35000 innbyggere.  Byen ble opprinnelig grunnlagt av romerne under den
 andre punerkrigen.  Som resten av Spania ble den imidlertid
erobret av araberne på 700-tallet. 
I hele den islamske perioden var
den en viktig by noe som betydde
at muslimene satte sitt preg på arkitekturen i byen. 
I 1485 ble Ronda gjenerobret av de kristne, og det ble bygget nye
bydeler basert på andre
arkitektoniske prinsipper. 

http://www.reisemagazinet.no/ronda-spania/


 Spania_Ronda
Grete i Ronda

 Spania_Ronda
Ronda er en liten by i det sørlige Spania som tilhører provinsen Málaga i
den autonome regionen Andalucía. Den er en av Spanias eldste byer, og den
regnes som tyrefektingens vugge.
Fra Ronda til Málaga by, er det cirka 100 km, og byen ligger på en høyslette
på cirka 750 moh. Byen blir delt i to av en canyon: den 120 meter dype
kløften El Tajo («Hugget») med en tilhørende liten elv, skiller
den eldre, mauriske bydelen La Ciudad fra den yngre El Mercadillo.
Det finnes 3 broer over denne kløften, Puente Nuevo fra 1793, Puente Viejo
(Puente de la Mina) fra 1616 og Puente árabe (Puente de San Miguel) fra romertiden. Puente Nuevo er vakker og utsikten over kløften er
spektakulær. Dette er den viktigste grunnen til at Ronda er en svært populær
turistby på alle tider av året. Både Ernest Hemingway og Orson Welles
tilbrakte i sin tid store tidsperioder i denne byen, noe som også er med
på å trekke turister hit.
I Ronda finner man også den eldste tyrefekterarena i Spania som fortsatt
er i bruk. Dens navn er Plaza de Toros, og ble bygget i neoklassisk stil i
1784 av arkitekten José Martin de Aldehuela som også designet broen
Puento Nuevo.

https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronda
Spania_Ronda
Ronda is where modern
bullfighting began.
As a result, the Ronda bullring
is held in very high regard
among aficionados.
However, with Ronda
tucked away in the mountains,
its bullring is not that accessible
for genuine bullfighting fans.
Perhaps to preserve Ronda's
status as the genuine
home of bullfighting and not a
tourist trap, there are very few
fights actually staged in Ronda. 

http://gospain.about.com/od/
bullfightinginspain/qt/Rondabullfight.htm


RONDA
Despite being a growing town, Ronda retains much of its historic charm, particularly
its old town. It is famous worldwide for its dramatic escarpments and views, and for
the deep El Tajo gorge that carries the rio Guadalevín through its centre. Visitors make
a beeline for the 18th century Puente Nuevo 'new' bridge, which straddles the 100m
chasm below, before taking in the views from the Alameda out over the Serranía de
Ronda mountains
.

Across the bridge, where an elegant cloistered 16th century convent is now an art
museum, old Ronda, La Ciudad, sidewinds off into cobbled streets hemmed by
handsome town mansions, some still occupied by Ronda's titled families.
The Casa de Don Bosco is one such, its interior patio long ago roofed in glass against
Ronda's harsh winters. Its small, almost folly-like gardens lose out, however, to the
true star, a few minutes' walk to the furthest end of the Ciudad, the Palacio Mondragón.
Clumsily modernised in parts during the 1960s, this still has working vestiges of the
exquisite miniature water gardens dating from its time as a Moorish palace during
Ronda's brief reign as a minor Caliphate under Córdoba in the 12th century.
http://www.andalucia.com/ronda/home.htm



 Spania_Ronda
Puente Nuevo, Ronda
Gate i Ronda
Spania_Ronda
Hovedattraksjonen i Ronda er imidlertid Puente Nuevo (den nye broen) som
forbinder La Ciudad med den nyere bydelen El Mercadillo. 
Veldig ny er broen riktignok ikke for den ble ferdigstilt allerede i 1793. 
Men et imponerende byggverk er den utvilsomt med en høyde på 120 meter
over juvet som deler Ronda i to deler.
Under den spanske borgerkrigen hendte det at republikanerne kastet fanger
ned i kløften, noe som blant annet er beskrevet i Ernest Hemingways
roman «Klokkene ringer for deg«. 
Fra La Ciudad er det en sti hvor man kan gå ned og beskue broen
og byen nedenfra.  

http://www.reisemagazinet.no/ronda-spania/

Spania_Ronda_Puente-Nuevo

The Guadalevín River is a
tributary of the Guadiaro River in Málaga, Andalusia,
Spain.
Its gorge divides the city of
Ronda where it is spanned by
three bridges, Puente Nuevo,
Puente Viejo and
Puente Romano.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guadalev%C3%ADn



 Spania_Ronda

 Spania_Ronda_Puente-Nuevo

 Spania_Ronda
En rest av den gamle bymuren

 Spania_Ronda
Puerta del Viento
Wind door is part of the west side of the city walls of Ronda , located in the
town of the same name, province of Malaga.


 Spania_Ronda
Vi gikk helt ned i dalbunnen nedenfor Ronda.
Spania_Ronda_bar_Sancez
Lunsj på bar Sancez som ligger
like innenfor La Puerta Almocabar

La Puerta de Almocabar y sus
murallas separan el Barrio de San
Francisco de el de la Ciudad, dando
acceso a la alcazaba y a la ciudad.

Fue construida en el siglo XIII,
esta completamente restaurada,
el conjunto consta de tres
puertas, con tres arcos en forma
de herraduras entre dos torres
con forma semicircular,
(posiblemente fueron las torres
asignadas a la guardia).
Su nombre procede del árabe
al-maqabi, que significa
cementerio, ya que se encuentra
cerca del antiguo
cementerio musulmán.
Fueron reestructuradas durante
el período de Carlos V.

http://malagapedia.wikanda.
es/wiki/Puerta_de_Almoc%C3%A1bar_
(Ronda)

Spania_Ronda_Calle-Espritu-Santo
Gatenavn i Ronda
Spania_Ronda_Paseo-Chefchauen
Spania_Ronda_Puente-Viejo
Ponte Viejo
Ponte Viejo
Built in the 16th century, possibly
on remnants of an earlier bridge,
this was the one navigable link
between Mercadillo and La Ciudad
until the completion of the Puente
Nuevo centuries later.
Cars still need good gears and
drivers with steely nerves to take
the steep hairpin bend on the way
up to the cuesta de Santo Domingo.
The gate above the bridge, the Arco
de Felipe V, from the same era,
would have been the only entrance
to La Ciudad from this end of the
town, making it a key defence.
The balconied niches on the bridge
itself were introduced as part of an
18th century renovation.

http://www.andalucia.com/ronda/
puenteviejo.htm


 Spania_Chorro_Caminito-del-Rey
Caminito del Rey i Chorro. Vi så den bare fra toget på vei tilbake til Malaga.
El Caminito del Rey (English: The King's little pathway) is a walkway, pinned
along the steep walls of a narrow gorge in El Chorro, near Ardales in the
province of Málaga, Spain. The name is often shortened to Camino del Rey
(English: King's pathway). The walkway had fallen into disrepair and was
partially closed for over a decade. After four years of extensive repairs and
renovations, the walkway re-opened in 2015. It has been known in the past
as the "world's most dangerous walkway" following five deaths in 1999 and
2000

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caminito_del_Rey
Spania_Malaga_Maria_Zambrano
Jernbanestasjonen i Malaga,
Maria Zambrano

Spania_Malaga_bakeri
Bakeri i Malaga

Tog Malaga til Ronda (Vi tok turen motsatt vei)

Som passasjer er det all grunn til å følge med ut av vinduet på store deler av
den to timer lange turen til Ronda. Det begynner å gå oppover ganske
umiddelbart etter at vi forlater Malagas drabantbyer, og i løpet av en drøy
halvtime er toget på stasjonen El Chorro, som er et utgangspunkt for gåturer
i fjellene.
Du får også se litt av den spektakulære naturen i dette området, med høye
bratte fjell og dype daler, men dessverre går mye av strekningen i tunnel.
Du bør likevel holde øynene åpne, for i de sekundene man er ute i dagslys
er det spektakulær utsikt!

http://www.erdetmulig.no/edm1287.php
Fredag 11. mars 2016

Enda en dag vi skulle rise ut fra Malaga.
Denne gang til Nerja som er kjent for de store grottene.  
Byen har også fine strender.
Turen gikk med buss. Veien fulgte kysten hele veien. Mye å se
her også.

Været: sol, 17 grader og lite vind

Spania_Andalucia_Aquila
Foto Michelle Chaplow.
Bildet fra http://www.andalucia.com/nerja/eagle-aqueduct.htm


 Spania_Malaga_Nerja_snefjell
Nysnø på fjellet. Bildet er tatt fra bussen mellom Malaga og Nerja.

Til venstre:
Acueducto del Águila (Eagle Aqueduct), also known as Puente del Águila
(Eagle Bridge), is regarded across the region as "an historic jewel of
Spanish architecture". It was built in the 19th century and has been used continuously
since - today the local community uses it to irrigate farmland.


Akveduktet ligger i nærheten av Nerja
Spania_Nerja_grottene
Fra grottene i Nerja

Las Cuevas de Nerja
(the Caves of Nerja) are a series of naturally formed caves
and caverns in the hills of Maro,
4km North-East of Nerja, some of
which have taken up to two million
years to form.
The caves contain the widest
naturally-formed column in the
world, at 32m high and 13x7m at
its base. Formed by the merging of a stalagmite and stalactite, it has
held the Guinness World Record
since 1989. The caves also famously
host the annual Nerja International Festival of Music and Dance.
A visit to these caves is a truly
unique experience. In 2010 the
caves were the most visited
attraction in Málaga province.


 Spania_Nerja
The site is steeped in both geological and archaeological interest; cave paintings
depict images of goats, horses, deer, seals and birds, drawn using red and black
pigments. The images have been dated between at 25,000 and 3,600 B.C. 

http://www.andalucia.com/nerja/caves.htm
Spania_Nerja
Nerja boasts 16 kilometres
of beaches with powdery sand
and sparkling clear water.
All major water sports are
available here, including water
skiing, scuba diving and sailing.

Flanked by a dramatic mountain
range, Sierra Almijara, to the
east, the town has, fortunately,
managed to avoid being blighted
by the concrete high-rise scenario
which has been the inevitable
result of the tourist boom in
some of the coastal resorts.


The old quarter of the town is still virtually unchanged with narrow,
winding streets, whitewashed houses with wrought iron terraces
overflowing with geraniums, on which a canary can sometimes be
heard singing...

http://www.andalucia.com/nerja/home.htm


 Spania_Nerja_Playa_Torrecilla
Strand i Nerja
Spania_Nerja_Playa_Torrecilla
Spania_Nerja
The Beaches of Nerja are one of the
towns´s biggest assets, the crystal clear
waters and rocky outcrops the pepper
the coastline make it a haven
fosnorkelling and scuba diving.
The steep cliffsides offer breath taking views; of course none as spectacular
as that of the Balcon de Europa.
The shape of the coves mean the
waters are tranquil and the beaches protected from harsh winds.
Restaurants, kiosks and chiringuitos
 scattered along the shoreline ensure
 that the beaches of  Nerja are
unmissable and well catered;
a haven for both tourists and locals.

http://www.andalucia.com/nerja/beaches.htm


 Spania_Nerja_Playa_Torrecilla
Grete i Nerja

 Spania_Nerja_piggetre
Ceiba chodatii. Bildet er tatt utenfor grottene i Nerja

 Spania_Malaga_piggetre
Samme sort tre fotografert i Malaga.
Her sto det hva slags tre det var. Ceiba Chodatii

Lørdag 12. mars 2016

Enda en dag ut av Malaga, denne gang til Mijas.
Det var ikke så lang tur fra Malaga,
men turen gikk med lokalbuss og brukte veldig lang tid, fordi "alle" skulle
til Mijas den dagen, spesielt pensjonister.

Været: fint vær

 Spania_Mijas

 Spania_Mijas
Spania_Mijas
Spania_Mijas
Utstillingsvinduer hos bakere i Mijas
One of the jewels of the Costa del Sol is the beautiful little village of
Mijas
, which nestles comfortably in the mountainside at 428 meters
above sea
level; it is a superb choice for either holiday or full time living. Of the
7,500 population, there are so many foreign and English speaking
residents in and around the pueblo that the Town Hall has a very h
elpful Foreigner's Department, which caters for the many needs of
those who do not speak Spanish. 
http://www.andalucia.com/mijas/pueblo.htm

 Spania_Mijas
Grete beundrer utsikten over Costa del Sol

 Spania_Mijas
Torget i Mijas

 Spania_Mijas_torget_flamenco
Flamenco history has only been documented for the past two hundred years
or
so, and anything before this time is open to debate and speculation.
Much of what we know from before this time comes from stories and legends
that have been passed down through family dynasties, in a similar way to the
flamenco song itself.  
http://www.andalucia.com/flamenco/history.htm
Spania_Mijas
Flamenco:

One thing we can be sure of is that
flamenco in its original form was
only voice, a primitive cry or chant accompanied only by the rhythm
which would be beaten out on the
floor by a wooden staff or cane.

These styles are known as Palo Secos,
or dry styles, and they are the oldest
forms of song known today.

http://www.andalucia.com/flamenco/
history.htm

Spania_Mijas


 Spania_Mijas
Spania_Mijas
Lunsj på plassen utenfor kirken.
Cafeteria la Muralla

Spania_Mijas
og så litt trim etter maten


 Spania_Mijas

Under til høyre: (to the right, below:) Santuario de la Virgin de la Pena
The shrine of Our Lady the Virgin of the Rock was excavated in the rocks
by a Carmelite monk in the second half of the seventeenth century.
The legend says that the virgin appeared between the walls of the old
castle in 1586 were it remained hidden during the 8 centuries of the
muslim domination of the Spain.
After the conquest by the Catholic Kings of the last strongholds of Granada,
Spania_Mijas
Spania_Mijas
"La Imaculada Concepción" or
The Immaculate Conception


La Ermita de la Virgen de la Peña de Mijas is a monastery and Catholic holy site in
Mijas, Malaga province, Spain. It was excavated in the rock around 1548 by
Mercedarian friars. According to tradition, Marian apparitions began in 1586, when two
children, Juan and Asuncion Bernal Linaire, are credited with having a vision of Mary
above the church. According to the tradition, they saw a white dove on the tower of the
Castillo which transfigured into the virgin and notified their father, who reported the hiding
place to the local church authorities of Mijas.

After the conquest of Andalusia by the Crown of Castile, legends and reports of Marian
apparitions multiplied.

The Virgen de la Peña is the patron saint of Mijas

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chapel_of_the_Virgin_of_the_Rock_(Mijas,_Spain)

 Spania_Mijas_Santuario_de_la_Virgin_de_la_Pena
The Immaculate Conception Church began to be built in the second half of the
16th century and was finished in 1631, with three naves and a chapel under
which there is a burial crypt. Later they went adding new parts to the church
such as another Baroque chapel with its crypt.
The church was built adjoining the “Torre de la Vela” tower, which became its
bell tower. This tower was built in the mid-sixteenth century as a shelter to
the Mijas villagers in case of an attack. In 1992 reform works were carried
out and it was then that the 8 apostles paintings were discovered on the
columns of the church, these paintings dated back to 1632. 
https://turismo.mijas.es/en/culture/monuments/inmaculada-concepcion-parish-church

 Spania_Mijas_Santuario-de-la-virgin-de-la-Pena
Santuario de la Virgin de la Pena


 Spania_Mijas_byen
Mijas
Spania_Mijas
Grete tar seg en ridetur
Spania_Mijas
Mijas svar på huset under
helleren i Jøssingfjord.


Spania_Mijas
Besøket i Mijas ble avsluttet med
kaffe og kaker på et konditori.
El Teatro Romano is the oldest monument in Málaga City; it is situated in the cultural heart of Málaga city, at the foot of the famous Alcazaba fortress.
It is one of the only Ancient ruins left in Málaga after the outwardly Republican
city was bombed by Nationalist sympathizers - the Italian army during the Civil
war, and one of the only remaining Roman ruins in Andalucía after centuries of warfare, and construction.
The site is accompanied by the Centro de Interpretación (visitors centre) which
teaches visitors about the history of the ruins and its subsequent excavation
(bildet til høyre)

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/teatro-romano.htm

 Spania_Malaga_romersk_teater
Det romerske teater i Malaga

 Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba
Alcazaba i Malaga

 Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba
Gateløp i Malaga. Deltakerne løp opp til Gibralfaro (116 moh) og ned igjen
Søndag 13. mars 2016

Værmelding: Pent vær, lite vind, ca 16 grader.

Ingen bestemte planer for dagen.
Bare rusle rundt i byen og slappe av.

Katedralen i Malaga lå like ved hotellet og vi gikk
dit for å se mer på den.
Etterpå tenkte vi å besøke museet Santa Semana,
siden det nærmet seg påske.
Men det ble ikke noe besøk der likevel.

Grete tok med badetøy siden det var meldt fint vær.
Spania_Malaga_Pieta
Først var vi på et nytt besøk i
Katedralen La Manquita.
Spania_Malaga_Pieta

 Spania_Malaga_Katedralen
Katedralen La Manquita
Spania_Malaga_easter
Bare en uke igjen til påske og
påskeforberedelsene er i gang i
alle byens kirker.

Spania_Malaga_easter
Iglesia de San Agustin

 
Spania_Malaga_Iglesia_de_San_Augustin
Iglesia de San Agustin
16th Century. Located in the old
Calle de los Caballeros, now
called Calle San Agustín, this
building has three parts: church,
school and monks' residence.
The church's beautiful courtyard
is next to the Museo Picasso
Málaga (Málaga's Picasso Museum),
on one of the streets that best
preserves its original structure.
 
The church has three naves, the
central one being covered by a
barrel vault and lunettes set off
by mouldings. The church is
very bright because of the
alternating spans in the arches
that rest on Corinthian pilasters
thought to be in the style of José
Martín de Aldehuela.  

http://www.malagaturismo.com/en/tourist-resources
/detail/convento-de-san-agustin-church/247

Spania_Malaga
De lå et stort cruiseskip i havna.
De ville vi se nærmere på.

På veien var vi innom en
restauranten Kaleido
og kjøpte is, og noe å drikke til
den
.


 Spania_Malaga
Kurs i seiling

 Spania_Malaga_Ventura
Grete foran cruiseskipet Ventura
Ventura in numbers 
116,017 Tons | 3,078 Guests | 1,205 Crew


 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Så gikk vi til stranda. På tide med litt bading og soling.

 Spania_Malaga_Ventura_og_strandliv
Det var en fin, varm søndag ettermiddag og ganske mange hadde
funnet veien ned til stranda.

Mandag 14. mars 2014

Værmeldingen sa at det skulle skye til.
Det gjorde det heldigvis ikke,
men lufta ble litt kjøligere enn dagen før.
Vi hadde ikke bestemte planer for dagen, men det ble til at
vi tok en tur til opp til Gibralfaro.
Etterpå gikk vi ned på stranda igjen.

                   Spania_Malaga_ciudad_genial
Spania_Malaga_Calle-Don-Juan-de-Malaga

Malagas smaleste gate?
Spania_Malaga_Calle-Don-Juan-de-Malaga

Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro_116moh

Så høyt kommer man med bil og
buss.

Spania_Malaga_Monte_Gibralfaro_sykkelstativ
Med sykkel eller til fots kommer man
noen meter høyere.

Norwegian Epic: lengde 327,49 m, bredde 40,54 m, fart 22 knop,
passasjerer 4100 og et mannskap på 1708

 

 Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro_utsikt_mot_havna
Utsikten er fin. Dagens cruiseskip er Norwegian Epic.

 Spania_Malaga_Monte_Gibralfaro
Mount Gibralfaro, Spanish:
Monte Gibralfaro, is a hill located
in Málaga in southeast Spain.
It is a 130 m high foothill of the
Montes de Málaga,
part of the Cordillera Penibética.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibralfaro
Spania_Malaga_Monte_Gibralfaro
Karl Martin er på vei ned igjen fra
toppen av Monte Gibralfaro

Tyrefekterarenaen
La Malagueta itself was built in 1874, by the architect Joaquín Rucoba.
The first fight took place on 11th June 1876, and the matadors who fought were
Rafael Molina, Antonio Carmona, Luque El Gordito, and Manuel Rodriguez.
A century later in 1976 the site was declared an Historic Artistic Monument,
and in 1981, it was declared an Official Site of Cultural Interest.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/plaza-de-toros.htm

 Spania_Malaga_Monte_Gibralfaro
Skog på Monte Gibralfaro
Spania_Malaga_Grete
Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro
Vi var en tur inne på Castillo de Gibralfaro også.

 Spania_Malaga_ukjent_sti_Gibralfaro
Vi fant en lite brukt sti ned fra Gibralfaro. Vi regna med at den førte
ned til byen. Stien ble smalere og smalere, men vi kom ned.

Den ukjente stien førte ned
til en kirkegård.
Kirkegården fotograferes
av Grete.
Denne gangen fra utsiden
av gjerdet.

Spania_Malaga_Grete_fotograferer

English Cemetery
When William Mark arrived in Malaga in 1816 to take up his post as British Consul,
he was astonished and horrified to learn that in Spain burial in consecrated ground
was reserved exclusively for Catholics. Protestants were buried without rites and in
Malaga the burials were bizarre. 
http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/english-cemetery/cemetery-history.htm
The English Cemetery in Malaga is the oldest Protestant cemetery on mainland Spain.
Established in January 1831 at the behest of the then British Consul, William Mark
who successfully appealed to the Governor for a piece of land on which to provide
British subjects of the protestant faith with a decent burial.
http://www.significantcemeteries.org/2013/07/the-english-cemetry-malaga-spain.html
Spania_Malaga_paella
Paella på Chiringuito Tropicana,
Malagueta

Spania_Malaga_hindugud


 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Paella was originally farmers' and farm labourers' food, cooked by the
workers over a wood fire for the lunchtime meal.  It was made with rice,
plus whatever was to hand around the rice fields and countryside:
tomatoes, onions and snails, with a few beans added for flavour and
texture. Rabbit or duck might also have been added, and for special
occasions, chicken plus a touch of saffron for an extra special colour and
flavour. Paella was also traditionally eaten straight from the pan in which
it was cooked with each person using his own wooden spoon.
Little by little, as 'Valencian rice' became more widely available, paella
recipes were adapted with new variations appearing. With Valencia
being on the coast, it is no surprise that various types of seafood crept
into the recipes over the generations. Now paella is the generic name of
200 or so distinctive rice dishes or ‘arroces’ from the Valencia region let
alone other parts of Spain and the rest of the world. To this day a "true"
Paella Valenciana has no seafood but a mixture of chicken, rabbit and
snails with green and white beans.
https://www.thepaellacompany.co.uk/history.html

 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Grete leker seg på stranda
Spania_Malaga_ettermiddag_i_havna
Det går mot kveld i havna
Spania_Malaga_amaretto
Dette var den siste kvelden vår i
Malaga. I hvertfall for denne gang.
Neste morgen skulle vi reise
videre til Cordoba.

Vi tok avskjed med havna med
et glass amaretto.
The name amaretto originated as a diminutive of the Italian word amaro,
meaning "bitter", which references the distinctive flavour lent by the mandorla
amara (the bitter almond) or by the drupe kernel. However, the bitterness is not
unpalatable, and sweeteners—and
sometimes sweet almonds—enhance the flavour in the final products.
Thus one can interpret the liqueur's name as a description of the taste as
"a little bitter".  Conflation of amaro ("bitter") and amore ("love") has led to
associations  with romance.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amaretto
Tirsdag 15. mars 2016

Etter ti netter i Malaga var det tid for å flytte nordover.
Vi tok tog til Cordoba. Der skulle vi være to netter.


Togturen til Cordoba tar ca 1 time.

Fra jernbanestasjonen i Cordoba til hotel Eurostar Palace
var det bare 700 meter, så den strekningen gikk vi.
Ut fra stasjonen tok vi feil vei, så for oss ble det noe lenger.


Vi kom så tidlig til Cordoba at vi rakk å se litt av bymuren, Alcazar
de los Reyes Cristianos, Puente Romano og Torre de la Calahorra i
løpet av dagen.


 Spania_Madrid_Mari-Zambrano
Det nærmeste vi kommer Orientexpressen.
Cafeen er på Maria Zambrano, jernbanestasjonen i Malaga
.

 Spania_Cordoba_bymuren

Cordoba will forever bear the imprint which its Roman, Moorish and Christian
rulers left on the city, adapting its streets to its city walls. The Romans proved
to be the most influencial, and their layout of the main city lasts to this day.
Their walls were maintained by the Moors and later Christian rulers.
Extensive portions of these walls still stand today. Below is a map of this
historic walled city, followed by an article describing the history of Cordoba
 and its walls:

http://www.infocordoba.com/spain/andalusia/cordoba/city_walls.htm#roman
Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos

The Alcazar (of the Christian Kings)
features a castle its delightful
gardens and a moorish bathhouse.
This is a very popular monument.

A Muslim Alcazar once stood where
the Episcopal Palace is today - this building was reformed in the
Baroque period and was recently reconditioned in order to house
the Diocesan Museum.

Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos
Alongside this museum, the Exhibition Palace occupied what used to be the Church
of San Jacinto and the Hospital ofSan Sebastian, an outstanding construction
opposite the Mosque featuring a portico that stands out among the Gothic jewels in
Cordoba.
Inside, in the Romero de Torres hall,
one can admire interesting 16th century frescoes.
Despite originating from the Christian era, these gardens are typically Moorish in 
design with ponds, fountains and aromatic plants. Adjacent to the gardens are the 
Royal Stables which extend to encompass the Gardens of the 
Campo Santo de los Márties.

The castle is almost a perfect square in plan of 4.100 square metres. It was rebuilt
in 1327 by King Alfonso XI. His aim was to bring European Gothic architecture to
the town. The castle walls connect the four (now three) corner towers by walkways
or allures protected by battlements with prism shaped blocks. 

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/cordoba/alcazar.htm

 Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos
Alcazar de los Reyos Cristianos

 Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos
This work —one of the most important of the Roman Empire— represents a
love scene inspired by the Hellenistic poem "The Cyclops". It is a mythological
work that served as an inspiration to the Cordoban poet and dramatist
Luis de Góngora y Argote to write the fable "Polyphemus and Galatea"
.
http://www.alcazardelosreyescristianos.cordoba.es/?id=640&lang=3

 Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos
The gardens of the Alcázar stand on the site of the former vegetable gardens
of the Alcázar, which were surrounded by the walls of the fortress. They were supplied with water from the river via a complex irrigation system.
http://www.alcazardelosreyescristianos.cordoba.es/?id=601



Christopher Columbus wins the Spanish monarchs' support


After years of waiting, and with the help of a former official of Isabel and monk
from La Rábida monastery, he was able to gain another hearing in 1491 with
Isabel's royal commission in Santa Fe, outside the besieged Granada. They
considered his project once more, and once more it was rejected. Columbus set
out again for Cordoba, from whence he planned to travel north to make an appeal
to the king of France
.


 Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos

 Christopher Columbus wins the Spanish monarchs' support

Luckily for Columbus (and for the Spanish monarchs), the shrewd King
Ferdinand intervened, causing a last-minute about-face which sent messengers
scrambling after Columbus to bring him back to court.
They didn't think Columbus would come back alive from his expedition,
but they certainly didn't want to lose out on the benefits if he did.
Perhaps their lack of faith in the voyage was why they granted him 10% of
the profits, noble status and hereditary governorship of the new territories to
him and his descendants if he succeeded.

Columbus pays one last visit to family in Cordoba before his historic voyage

April 17, 1492 Ferdinand and Isabel signed the formal agreement with Columbus,
who left Granada in May. On his way to the Huelva coast, where he would outfit
his expedition, he passed through Cordoba to see Beatriz and his son Hernando,
then 5. No doubt he wondered if it would be the last time he saw them.
Three months later, on August 3, his expedition set out from Palos on the
Niña, Pinta and Santa Maria and sailed into the unknown.

Spania_Cordoba_delfinfontene
På plassen med statuen
av engelen Gabriel og
Puerta Puente står
denne skulpturen av
en gutt på en delfin.
The Tower of La Calahorra rises up at the south of the Roman bridge, the far end
from the city centre. It is a fortified gate originally built by the Moors (Almohads)
and extensively restored by King Enrique II of Castile in 1369 to defend the city
from attack by his brotherPedro I the Cruel from the South. It was origionally an
arched gate between two towers. Enrique II added a third cylindrical shaped
tower connecting the outer two.

In the 18th century it was used as a prison and in the 19th century it was a girls
school. The tower was declared a national monument in 1931. the restoration of
the tower and the Romain bridge and the surrounding area in 2007 was awarded
the EU prize for cultural heratige "Europa Nostra" in 2014. 

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/cordoba/calahorra.htm

 Spania_Cordoba
Puente Romano. På den andre siden av broa ligger Torre de la Calahorra.

 Spania_Cordoba

The Roman bridge which, according to the Arab geographer, Al-drisi 'surpasses
all other bridges in beauty and solidity', reflects little of its Roman roots, owing
to frequent reconstruction over many decades. In the centre of the eastern side's stone handrails there is a little shrine to St Raphael, at whose feet the
devout burn candles.

It is, of course, unlikely that much of the original structure stands. The present
structure is a medieval reconstruction, though the 19th-century cobbled paving
does give a Roman feel. There is an irregular pattern to the 16 arches in size
and abutment protections.  
http://www.andalucia.com/cities/cordoba/romanbridge.htm

Spania_Cordoba_Torre-del-la-Calahorra_la-musica
Spania_Cordoba_Torre-del-la-Calahorra
It currently houses the Museo
Vivo de Al-Andaluz .
This fascinating museum
is particularly educational with
audio visual presentations which vividly depict how life was in
Cordoba around the 10th
 Century AD when three cultures
lived side by side Christianity,
Muslim and Judaism.

Spania_Cordoba_Torre-del-la-Calahorra_la-musica
There is a scale model of the Mosque
as it was ini Mooris times before
the cathedral was constructed.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/cordoba
/calahorra.htm


 Spania_Cordoba_Torre-del-la-Calahorra
Visitors are also able to go on the roof for a spectacular view of the mosque
and the city.

Spania_Cordoba_katedralen
En dør inn til Mezquita

Vi var en tur inn i hagen
utenfor katedralmoskeen. 
Det var blitt langt
på dagen, og vi regnet med å
bruke litt tid inne i Mezquita.

Dessuten hadde vi
allerede sett mye i Cordoba og
trengte å fordøye inntrykkene
før et besøk i Mezquita.

Derfor gikk vi ikke inn denne
ettermiddagen.

Onsdag 16. mars 2016

 Spania_Cordoba_fra_hotellet
Utsikt fra rommet vårt på hotel Eurostar Palace. Vi bodde midt i en
stor rundkjøring, men hotellet var godt isolert og vi var ikke plaget av
trafikkstøy

Spania_Cordoba
Spania_Cordoba
Badet på hotel Eurostar Palace
Spania_Cordoba
Cordoba was founded by the
Romans and due to its strategic
importance as the highest
navigable point of the
Guadalquivir River, it became a port
city of great importance, used for
shipping Spanish olive oil, wine and
wheat back to Ancient Rome.
The Romans built the mighty
bridge crossing the river, now
called "El Puente Romano".
But Cordoba's hour of greatest
glory was when it became the
capital of the Moorish kingdom of El-Andalus, and this was when
work began on the Great Mosque,
or "Mezquita", which – after
several centuries of additions and
enlargements – became one of the
largest in all of Islam.

When the city was reconquered by the Christians in 1236, the new
rulers of the city were so awed by its beauty that they left it standing, building
their cathedral in the midst of its rows of arches and columns, and creating the extraordinary church-mosque we see today.As well as the unique
mosque-cathedral, Cordoba's treasures include the Alcazar, or Fortress,
built by the Christians in 1328; the Calahorra Fort, originally built by the
Arabs, which guards the Roman Bridge, on the far side of the river from the Mezquita, and the ancient Jewish Synagogue, now a museum.
Cordoba's medieval quarter, once the home of the Jewish community, is called
"La Judería" (The Jewry), a labyrinth of winding, narrow streets, shady
flower-filled courtyards and picturesque squares such as La Plaza del Potro.
In early May, homeowners proudly festoon their patios with
flowers to compete for the city's "most beautiful courtyard" contest

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/cordoba.htm

The Synagogue, situated in the
heart of the Jewish Quarter of
Cordoba, is unique in Andalusia
and one of the three best
preserved Medieval synagogues
in the whole of Spain.
According to the inscriptions
found in the building, it was
built between the years 1314
and 1315, and was in constant
use right up until the Jews were
finally expelled from Spain.
A small courtyard leads to a
narrow entrance hall. 
On the right, a staircase leads
to the women’s area and in
front lies the main hall, which
is rectangular in shape and
decorated with Mudejar-style
plant motifs.
The wall supporting the
women’s tribune has three
arches with exquisite
decorative plasterwork.

Spania_Cordoba_la-Sinagoga


Spania_Cordoba_la-Sinagoga
The Jews were expelled in 1492, and afterwards, the building was used first as a
hospital, then as the Hermitage of San Crispin and finally, an infants’ school.
It was declared a National Monument at the end of the 19th century.
https://www.turismodecordoba.org/synagogue

 Spania_Cordoba

 Spania_Cordoba

Patio de los Naranjos

This lovely courtyard, with its
orange, palm and cypress trees
and fountains, forms the
entrance to the Mezquita.
It was formerly the site of ritual
ablutions before prayer in the
mosque. Its most impressive
entrance is the Puerta del
Perdón, a 14th-century Mudéjar
archway in the base of the bell
tower. The ticket office is just
inside here.

Read more: http://www.lonelyplanet.
com/spain/andalucia/cordoba/sights/
religious/mezquita#ixzz49gLOc5hE
Spania_Cordoba_la-Mezquita


 Spania_Cordoba_la-Mezquita
Mezquita

The Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba is the most important monument
of all the Western Islamic world, and one of the most amazing in the world.
The evolution of the “Omeya” style in Spain is resumed in the history of the
Mosque of Cordoba, as well as other styles such as the Gothic,
Renaissance and Baroque of the Christian architecture.

It seems as if the place that the Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba occupies
nowadays was dedicated, from ancient times, to the cult of different
divinities. In this same place, and during the Visigoth occupation,
another building was constructed, the “San Vicente” Basilic.

http://www.catedraldecordoba.es/
Elmonumento.asp?idp=7&pag=1
Spania_Cordoba_la-Mezquita
Spania_Cordoba_la-Mezquita
Mezquita
  • The Mezquita Cathedral is one of a
    kind and a unique place for Muslims
    as well as Christians.
  • The construction of the Mosque
    began in 786 A.D. and enlargements
    were carried out by four different
    Umayyad Rulers.
  • It is made up of a courtyard
    and a prayer hall, divided into
    nineteen naves running lengthwise.
  • Since its beginnings, the Mosque
    has been the biggest building of
    its kind in the western Muslim world
    .
  • This building had not only religious
    but also social, cultural
    and political manifestations.
  • The first Eucharistic ceremony of
    the Dedication of the Catedral
    was celebrated in 1236.
  • The construction of Main Chapel,
    transept and Choir was initiated
    in 1523.
  • It was built in Renaissance style
    and was
    designed by the
    architects Hernán Ruiz I,
    II and III, Diego de Praves and
    Juan de Ochoa.
  • The impressive choir stalls
    around the
    High Altar were designed by
    Duque Cornejo.
  • On both sides of the temple a
    number of Chapels are located,
    which were built to
    satisfy the desire of fervent
    Catholics to
    be buried in the Cathedral.
  • http://www.catedraldecordoba.es/
  • Elmonumento.asp?idp=7&pag=1

Spania_Cordoba_la-Mezguita

Today, Mihrabs vary in size, are
usually ornately decorated and
often designed to give the
impression of an arched doorway
or a passage to Mecca.

In exceptional cases, the mihrab
does not follow the qibla
direction. One example is the
Mezquita of Córdoba, Spain
that points south instead of
southeast. Among the
proposed explanations, there
is the localization
of theancient Roman cardo
street besides the old temple
the Mezquitawas built upon.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Mihrab


 Spania_Cordoba_varetransport
Varetransport i gamlebyen

 Spania_Cordoba_tempel
Next to the Town Hall of Cordoba stands the only Roman temple in Cordoba
for which we have archaeological evidence. The sheer size of the building is
remarkable: it was dedicated to the cult of the Emperor, and along with the
Circus Maximus, formed part of the Provincial Forum. It originally stood on a
raised podium and had six free-standing Corinthian columns in the entrance.
In front of this was the ara or altar. The present reconstruction was carried
out by the architect Félix Hernández, and has left Cordoba yet another
reminder of the splendour of the city in Roman times. Some of the original
pieces from the museum are on display in the Archaeological Museum or in
unusual but attractive places dotted around the city, like the fluted column
lying in Plaza de la Doblas.

https://www.turismodecordoba.org/roman-temple
Torsdag 17. mars 2016

Farvel til Cordoba. Madrid neste stopp.
Reisen tok i underkant av to timer med tog.
Farten var neste 300km/t det meste av veien og det var en meget
behagelig reise.


Vi var fullstendig ukjente i Madrid, og derfor tok vi taxi fra stasjonen
til hotellet.
Hotel Avenida Gran via var et mye enklere hotell enn det
vi kom fra, men helt ok.

Avenida Gran Via (Storgata) som er en av hovedgatene i byen var bare
50 meter unna. Det gjelder å bo sentralt.


Etter innsjekking på hotellet gikk vi ut for å gjøre oss kjente i nærområdet.

Fra hotellet var det gangavstand til Puerta del Sol, Plaza Mayor,
Palacio Real og mange stor butikker og kjøpesentre.


More about Madrid here: 33 things to do in Madrid

 Spania_Cordoba_farvel_Eurostar
Vi går fra hotel Eurostar Palace

 Spania_Madrid
Plaza Oriente og Palacio Real

Visitors to Spain's capital city are often puzzled to discover that the Plaza de
Oriente is located in the west of Madrid, while its name suggests an eastern
setting. However, it lies on the east side of the Palacio Real, and that is why
it is so named.

Juan Bautista Sachetti, who designed the Palacio Real, had plans to build a
large square in front of the palace in the 18th century. However, the plans
were not realised until King Joseph I, Napoleon Bonaparte's brother, ruled
Spain from 1808 to 1813. The unplanned scrabble of houses then occupying
the eastern side of the palace, some 56 in total, which included a church and
several convents, as well as a library, were cleared for the project.

Taking centre stage of Plaza de Oriente is a huge statue of Felipe IV astride a
horse that was modelled from an art piece by Veláquez. It stands on a large
pedestal and is indeed a striking sculpture.

http://www.gomadrid.com/sights/plaza-de-oriente.html

 Spania_Madrid_Catedral-de-la-Almudena
Santa Maria la Real de Almudena

The principle church of the Diocese of Madrid, the Catedral de Santa María la
Real de la Almudena, is a relatively modern building, started in 1883 and not
completed until 1993. Remarkable as it may seem, the delay until such recent
times in the building of a cathedral in the capital can largely be attributed to
the fact that Madrid was part of the Archdiocese ofToledo, which was reluctant
 to relinquish it.

Plans for the building were, however, progressed when Pope Leo XIII separated
the capital from Toledo in the creation of the Diocese of Madrid-Alcalá.
Until the current building was completed, the Cathedral was temporarily
housed in the Jesuit College church of San Isidro. Alumeda was finally
consecrated in 1993 by Pope John Paul II, and remains the only Spanish
cathedral to have been consecrated by a Pope.

http://www.gomadrid.com/sights/catedral-almudena.html


 Spania_Madrid_Plaza-Mayor
Plaza Mayor

The Plaza Mayor is Madrid's main square. It is located right in the centre of
the city, just a few minutes walk from the Puerta del Sol.

Despite the rather high prices charged by the restaurants and cafés under
the arches that skirt the square, this is still a marvellous place to sit out, try
some good Spanish wine, sample some tasty tapas and watch the passers-by.
http://www.gomadrid.com/sights/plaza-mayor.html


 Spania_Madrid_hotel-Avenida
Gata Mesonero Romanos med hotell Avenida som vi bodde på.

Puerta del Sol
This is Madrid's most famous and most central square, located just a short walk
from the Plaza Mayor. Originally it was the site of one of the city's gates, which
faced the east and was adorned with an image of the sun, hence the square's name. 

The square is actually almost semi-circular in shape and owes its current form
to the major renovation work carried out between 1854 and 1860.

http://www.gomadrid.com/sights/puerta-del-sol.html
Spania_Spania_Madrid_Puerto_Sol
Spania_Spania_Madrid_Puerto_Sol
Kveld på Puerta del Sol.
Om kvelden kom alle gateselgerne fra.
Livlig salg av sko og vesker bl.a.



 Spania_Spania_Madrid_Puerto_Sol
Karl Martin ser på veskeselgerne.
Madrid (/məˈdrɪd/, Spanish: [maˈðɾið], locally: [maˈðɾiθ, -ˈðɾi]) is the capital of Spain, and the largest municipality of the Community of Madrid.
The population of the city is almost 3.2 million with a metropolitan area
population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the
European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan area is the
third-largest in the European Union after London andParis. Located in
south-western Europe, the city spans a total of 604.3 km2 (233.3 sq mi).

The city is located on the Manzanares in the centre of both the country and the Community of Madrid (which comprises the city of Madrid, its
conurbation and extended suburbs and villages); this community is bordered
by the autonomous communities of Castile and León and Castile-La Mancha.
As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is also the political, economic and cultural centre of Spain.

The first documented reference of the city originates in Andalusan times as
the Arabic مجريط Majrīṭ (AFI [maʤriːtˁ]), which was retained in Medieval
Spanish as Magerit ([maʤeˈɾit]). A wider number of theories have been
formulated on possible earlier origins.

According to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor (son of King
Tyrrhenius of Tuscany and Mantua) and was named "Metragirta" or
"Mantua Carpetana". Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria" ("land of bears" in Latin), because of the many bears that were to be
found in the nearby forests, which, together with the strawberry-tree (Spanish madroño), have been the emblem of the city
from the Middle Ages

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrid

 Spania_Madrid
Spekeskinkebutikk
Fredag 18. mars 2016

Vi reiste med Madrid City Tour på sightseeing i Madrid.
Første stedet vi gikk av var ved det kongelige slott.
Det var åpent for publikum denne dagen.


The Royal Palace (Palacio Real in Spanish) is not the official residence of his
Majesty the King of Spain, but rather where state ceremonies, official banquets
and other state functions take place. The King lives inZarzuela Palace, which
is just outside of Madrid.

The current Royal Palace, was built on the site of the old Alcázar which was destroyed by fire on Christmas Eve 1734. King Felipe V decided to build a
palace for his Borbon dynasty. The Italian Filippo Juvara was selected to
design the new palace and his plans were to create a grand palace along the
lines of France's Versailles. All construction was vaulted in stone and brick,
not wood, so that any fire could destroy it. 

The works were carried out between 1738 and 1755, Carlos III established
his residence there in 1764.  

http://www.madridtourist.info/royal_palace.html

 Spania_Madrid_Palacio-Real
Grete på slottsplassen
Spania_Madrid_Palacio-Real
Slottsplassen
Spania_Madrid_Palacio-Real
Inne på slottet

Fra slottet tok vi bussen til Prado-museet.
Vi var ikke inne der, men fortsatte til den botaniske hagen.
Det var litt for tidlig på året, ikke så mye blomster enda.


The Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid is an 8-hectare botanical garden
located at Murillo Square, in front of the Prado Museum. 

The garden was founded on 1755, by King Ferdinand VI, and installed in
the Orchard of Migas Calientes, near what today is called Puerta de Hierro,
on the banks of the Manzanares River. It contained more than 2,000 plants.

Spania_Madrid_Botanisk_Hage_Stubing.
Spania_Madrid_Botanisk_Hage_Stubing
I botanisk hage var det en
utstilling av
glassprodukter med motiv av
forskjellige planter.

In 1774 King Charles III ordered the garden moved to its current location, with
design by architects Francesco Sabatini and Juan Villanueva that organized
the garden into three tiered terraces, arranging plants according to the method
of Linnaeus. Its mission was not only to exhibit plants, but also to teach botany,
promote expeditions for the discovery of new plant species and classify them. 

http://www.madridtourist.info/botanical_garden.html
Fra Botanisk Hage gikk vi til Retiroparken
 Spania_Madrid_Retiroparken
Close to the northern entrance of the park is a large artificial lake, the
Retiro Pond. Next to it is the monument to King Alfonso XII, featuring a
semicircular colonnade and an equestrian statue of the monarch on the top
of a tall central core.

http://www.madridtourist.info/buen_retiro_park.html

The Buen Retiro Park ("Park of the Pleasant Retreat", in english) is the first
biggest park of Madrid city. It has 1.4 km2 (350 acres) at the edge of the
city center. The park belonged to the Spanish Monarchy until the late 19th
century, when it became a public park. It's a magnificent park, filled with
beautiful sculpture and monuments, galleries, a peaceful lake and host to a
variety of events. 

History of the park:

The park was born in 1630-1640, when Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of
Olivares, gave the king Philip IV several tracts of land in the vicinity for
the Court's recreational use.

Philip V (1700–1746) ordered the creation of a parterre, the only French-style
garden in the complex. During the reign of Ferdinand VI, Buen Retiro was
the setting for magnificent Italian operas. Charles III (1759–1788) saw to the
beautification of its perimeter, replacing the old walls with elegant
wrought-iron railings. Juan de Villanueva's Astronomical Observatory was
built during the reign of Charles IV (1788–1808).

http://www.madridtourist.info/buen_retiro_park.html
Så gikk vi på sightseeingbussen igjen
Spania_Madrid_Santiago-Bernabeu
The Santiago Bernabéu Football
Stadium is Real Madrid's home
ground.
It is a UEFA-classified Elite Stadium,
awarded the top 5-star status in 2007.

The works started on a bare patch of ground on October 27th, 1944.
The inauguration of the stadium, then called Chamartín Stadium
(because it's located in Chamartín
district), took place on 14 December
1947. 

Eight years later on January 4th, 1955,
Real Madrid changed the name of the stadium
to its current name in honor of
Santiago Bernabéu, the club's
president at the time
.
http://www.madridtourist.info/bernabeu_stadium.html


 Spania_Madrid_b-bike
Nytt framkomstmiddel

 Spania_Madrid_lion
The Cibeles Square is found at the intersection of Alcala Street (which crosses
from west to east), the Paseo de Recoletos (heading north to link up with the
Paseo de la Castellana) and the Paseo del Prado(south, towards the fountain
of Neptune).
This place, one of the most symbolic of the capital, divides the distric
boundaries Centro, Retiro and Salamanca. 

In the center of square, is situated the famous fountain of Cibeles, sculpted in
1782, from a design by Ventura Rodríguez. It is a neo-classical complex of
marble sculpture that has become an iconic symbol for the city of Madrid. 

The fountain of Cibeles has been adopted by the Football Club Real Madrid,
whose fans use the area to celebrate its triumphs in competitions. 

Each of the four corners of the square is dominated by landmark buildings,
built during the late 18th and early 20th centuries. 
http://www.madridtourist.info/cibeles_square.html

 Spania_Madrid_kong-Carlos-porten
 
The "Alcalá Gate" (in Spanish, La Puerta de Alcalá) soon became one of
Madrid's symbols and it is one of the most well-known monuments. It is now
classified as a
National Monument. 

It is a Neo-classical granite monument in the Plaza de la Independencia square.
It stands near the city center and several meters away from the main entrance
to the Buen Retiro Park. The square is bisected by Alcalá Street, although the
street itself doesn't cross through the monument. 

It was designed by Italian architect Francesco Sabatini in 1764 (with the King
Charles III).Charles III ordered it to be built in the city wall, which marked the
eastern boundary.

http://www.madridtourist.info/alcala_gate.html
Lørdag 19. mars 2016

Mesteparten av dagen var vi i Pradomuseet.
Det ble tid til et besøk i Thyssen-Bornemisza-museet også.
Spania_Madrid_Gran-Via_metrostasjon
The Madrid Metro (Spanish: Metro de
Madrid) is a metro system serving the
city of Madrid, capital of Spain.
The system is the 8th longest metro in
the world, though Madrid is
approximately the fiftieth most
populous metropolitan area in the world.

Its fast growth in the last 20 years
has also put it among the fastest
growing networks in the world,
rivalling many Asian metros
such as the Shanghai Metro,
Guangzhou Metro, Beijing Subway
or the Delhi Metro. Unlike normal
Spanish road and rail traffic, which
uses right hand drive, Madrid Metro
trains use left-hand running on all
lines for historical reasons.
The Madrid Metro operates every
day from 6 am until 1:30 am.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrid_Metro

Spania_Madrid_Prado
Litt kø var det, men det gikk fort unna.
Prado

The building that today houses the Museo Nacional del Prado was
designed by architect Juan de Villanueva in 1785. It was constructed
to house the Natural History Cabinet, by orders of King Charles III.
However, the building's final purpose - as the new Royal Museum of
Paintings and Sculptures - was the decision of the monarch's grandson,
King Ferdinand VII, encouraged by his wife Queen Maria Isabel de Braganza.
The Royal Museum, soon quickly renamed the National
Museum of Paintings and Sculptures and subsequently the Museo
Nacional del Prado, opened to the public for the first time in
November 1819.

https://www.museodelprado.es/en/museum
Spania_Madrid_Prado_Jomfruen-fra-Granada
Spania_Madrid_Prado_Jomfruen-fra-Granada
Vi har fotografert en reklameplakat,
ikke orginalbildet.



Created in 1988, the Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection Foundation
pioneered a new formula for the private management of public
assets in Spain, and its efficacy has been apparent ever since the
museum opened its doors in October 1992.

http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/acerca_del_museo
Spania_Madrid_Thyssen_the-grey-house_Chagall
Spania_Madrid_Thyssen_the-grey-house_Chagall


I butikken på Thyssen-Bornemisza solgte de sykkelvesker med motiv fra
kjente malere.
Det hadde vært gøy å kjøre rundt med SKRIK-sykkelveske,
men prisen var for høy.

 Spania_Madrid_Thyssen_sykkel_med_Skriksykkelveske
Søndag 20. mars 2016

Dette skulle ha vært hjemreisedagen. Men sånn ble det likevel ikke.

Flyet vært skulle gå om ettermiddagen, så vi hadde ganske god tid.
Derfor tok vi en tur ned til Puerta del Sol
der vi kom over et historisk tablå,
opprørske bønder mot øvrigheten
.

Etterpå tok vi taxi ut til flyplassen.

                                             Spania_Madrid_Puerta-del-Sol

 Spania_Madrid_Puerta-del-Sol_kamper
Spania_Madrid_Puerta-del-Sol_bear_og_strawberry
The Puerta del Sol is also the location
of the most famous symbol of Madrid:
a 20 ton statue of a bear eating fruits
from a tree.

Spania_Madrid_Puerta-del-Sol
The official name of the statue is 'El Oso
y El Madroño'. According to legend the
original name of the city was "Ursaria"
("land of bears" in Latin), due to the
high number of these animals that were
found in the adjacent forests, which,
together with the arbutus ("madroño"
in Spanish), have been the emblem or
symbol (The Bear and the Strawberry
Tree) of the city from the Middle Ages.

http://www.madridtourist.info/puerta_del_sol.html

At Madrid Marriott Auditorium Hotel & Conference Center, located really
close to the Adolfo Suarez Madrid – Barajas Airport and Ifema Fair, you will
find the perfect balance between Business and Travel experience.
A place with large and different spaces to celebrate events and conferences thanks to the 56 pillar-free and the more than 15.000sq as well as the Auditorium for up
to 2000 people. Everything accompanied by an innovation and style necessaries
to enjoy the unforgettable experience of travel. Besides the hotel has been
renovated all the 869 rooms as well as the food & beverage areas with the Champion´s Bar, Greatroom, Atrium Bar and a la carte restaurant called Kalma.
The new largest Marriott Hotel in Europe is a place where you will celebrate successfully any kind of event thanks to the magic and inspiration that all spaces transmit, accessible for all kind of exhibition materials, included vehicles as well
as parking service with 1000 parking places and the free Wifi connection,
shuttle, fitness center and indoor/outdoor swimming pool.

http://blog.hotelauditoriummadrid.com/en/home/
Spania_Spania_Madrid_flyplasskaos
Ved den oppgitte tiden for
ombordstigning kom meldingen om
at flyvningen til Oslo var kansellert
på grun av flygelederstreiken
i Frankrike

Spania_Spania_Madrid_hotellbuss
Vi måtte hente bagasjen vår, og vi ble
losa til en buss som tok oss til hotel
Auditorium.




Industrial action being taken by French air traffic controllers is already having a
knock-on effect in the UK as flights out of British airports were cancelled on Sunday.
The strike is planned for the next three days and is taking place against a cap on
recruitment and lack of investment in systems used by air traffic controllers.

EasyJet said that 82 of its flights on Sunday had been cancelled, 32 of which had been
scheduled to take off from UK airports. Not only flights heading into France are being
affected but other that were to fly through French airspace are being rerouted too.

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/flights-delayed-cancelled-french-air-traffic-controllers-start-3-day-strike-1550616

 Spania_Madrid_hotel_Auditorium
Hotel Auditorium


 Spania_Madrid_hotel_Auditorium
Hotel Auditorium
Mandag 21. mars 2016

Det var påskeuka, og fulle fly.
Til slutt fikk vi billetter med Air Brüssel,
via Brüssel til Oslo tirsdag 22. mars.

Mandagen tok vi en tur inn til Madrid.
Spania_Madrid_Plaza-Mayor
Spania_Madrid_Plaza-Mayor


 Spania_Madrid_Plaza-Mayor
The present building of the Casa de la Panadería stands at number 27 on
the north side of Madrid's Plaza Mayor, just behind the central statue of
Felipe III. The original building was a wooden construction designed by Juan
Gomez de Mora and completed in 1619.
It was destroyed by fire in 1670 and was rebuilt by Thomas Roman.
Claudio Coello and Jose Jimenez
Donoso were responsible for the
façade frescoes and interior
decoration.
In 1790 there was another fire in the plaza. Juan de Villanueva was then
responsible for the reconstruction of the building.

Spania_Madrid_Plaza-Mayor
Today's structure is mainly that design, but it has undergone several
refurbishments since, notably in 1880 under the direction of Joaquin Maria de la
Vega.

In 1914 Enrique Guijo was commissioned to do decorative paintings on the
façade. By 1988 the decoration had deteriorated so much that the Madrid
City Council held a competition to find an artist to restore the façade.
A number of artists were invited to compete including Sigfrido
Begué Martin, Carlos Franco and Guillermo Pérez Villalta.
Carlos Franco was chosen for the task and the work was completed in 1992.  

http://www.gomadrid.com/sights/casa-de-la-panaderia.html

Spania_Madrid_Mercado-de-san-Miguel

The Mercado de San Miguel

More than 100 years have gone by since the Mercado de San Miguel opened its doors as a wholesale food market. Today, this historical building stands out as one of the world’s main gastronomic markets. It allows visitors to experience the essence and most significant flavors of every corner of Spain.
From the finest Iberian ham and freshest fish and shellfish brought in daily from Galicia, to Mediterranean rice dishes and the most exquisite cheeses from Castile, Asturias and the Basque Country – at the Mercado de San Miguel, you’ll find all the highlights of Spanish cuisine. Spread out over more than 20 stands, the common denominator here is a commitment to high-quality tapas and pub fare.
https://mercadodesanmiguel.es/

 Spania_Madrid_Mercado-de-san-Miguel
Mercado de San Miguel

 Spania_Madrid
Hus på Plaza de San Miguel
Spania_Madrid_Principe-de-Vergara_metro
Grete på Principe de Vergara
metrostasjon

Vi hadde tenkt å reise tilbake
til hotellet med offentlig
transport. Det vil si to
strekninger
med metro og så det siste
stykke
med buss.
Vi fant bussterminalen.
Den var stor, og akkurat da
kom det en voldsom regnbyge.
Så vi smatt inn i en taxi og
kjørte til hotellet.

Tirsdag 22. mars 2016

Vi skulle reist hjem, men kom ikke hjem nå heller pga dette:

A series of deadly explosions rocked Brussels on Tuesday, targeting
theBelgian capital's main airport and metro system.

Belgian officials said the bombings at Zaventem airport and the
Maelbeek metro station killed at least 34 people and injured more
than 230, according to reports. Officials raised the city's terror
threat level and shut down public transit after the blasts.

Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel called Tuesday a dark
moment for the country.
http://www.cnbc.com/2016/03/22/several-injured-after-explosions-at-brussels-airport-report.html

 Spania_Madrid_flyplassen_ombooking
Kø for ombooking. Og intervju med en fra Brüssel Airlines. 
Vi fikk billetter til samme  rute på torsdag.
Da skulle flyplassen i Brüssel være åpen igjen mente de.


Onsdag 23. mars 2016

Toledo, en gang Spanias hovedstad, ligger bare ca 1/2 time med tog
fra Madrid, så vi tok en tur dit.

Toledo var tydeligvis et populært reisemål. Det gikk tog dit hver time.
Det var ikke plass til oss på de to første, så det ble lenge å vente på
stasjonen i Madrid.

 Madrid_Estacion-de-Atocha
Madrid Atocha (Spanish: Estación de Madrid Atocha, also named Madrid
Puerta de Atocha) is the largest railway station in Madrid. It is the primary
station serving commuter trains (Cercanías), intercity and regional trains
from the south, and the AVE high speed
trains from Barcelona (Catalonia), Zaragoza (Aragon), Seville (Andalusia) and
Valencia (Levante Region). These train services are run by the Spanish
national rail company, Renfe.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrid_Atocha_railway_station


Spania_Madrid_Estacion-de-Atocha_skilpadder
Spania_Toledo

The Toledo railway station
 is a railway station in Toledo,
Spain, which was designed by
architect Narciso Clavería
y de Palacios in the
Neo-Mudéjar style.

The railway reached Toledo
in 1858.

The present station opened in 1919 or 1920, replacing the original station which
was of functional design.
The central section is flanked by two side naves,
one of which is adjacent to the clock tower, which imitates the style of
Toledo church towers.

The station has been declared a Property of Cultural Interest and classified as
a monument. It was restored in the twenty-first century in connection with the
inauguration of a high-speed service to Madrid in 2005.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toledo_railway_station

 Spania_Toledo
Toledo jernbanestasjon

 Spania_Toledo
Elva Tajo ved Toledo

The Tagus (Spanish: Tajo [ˈtaxo]; Portuguese: Tejo [ˈtɛʒu]; Latin: Tagus;
Ancient Greek: Τάγος Tagos) is the longest river on the Iberian Peninsula.
It is 1,038 km (645 mi) long, 716 km (445 mi) in Spain, 47 km (29 mi)
along the border between Portugal and Spain and 275 km (171 mi) in
Portugal, where it empties into the Atlantic Ocean near Lisbon.
It drains an area of 80,100 square kilometers (30,927 sq mi)(the second
largest in the Iberian peninsula after the Douro). The Tagus is highly utilized
for most of its course. Several dams and diversions supply drinking water to
most of central Spain, including Madrid, and Portugal, while dozens of
hydroelectric stations create power. Between dams it follows a very constricted
course, but after Almourol it enters a vast alluvial valley prone to flooding.
At its mouth is a large estuary on which the port city of Lisbon is situated.

The source of the Tagus is the Fuente de García, in the Frías de Albarracín
municipal term, Montes Universales, Sistema Ibérico, Sierra de Albarracín
Comarca. All its major tributaries enter the Tagus from the right (north) bank.
The main cities it passes through are Aranjuez, Toledo, Talavera de la Reina and
Alcántara in Spain, and Abrantes, Santarém, Almada and Lisbon in Portugal. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagus

Toledo (Spanish: [toˈleðo]) is a municipality located in central Spain, 70 km
south of Madrid. It is the capital of the province of Toledo and the autonomous
community of Castile–La Mancha. It was declared a World Heritage Site by
UNESCO in 1986 for its extensive cultural and monumental heritage and
historical co-existence of Christian, Muslim and Jewish cultures.

Toledo is known as the "Imperial City" for having been the main venue of the
court of Charles I, and as the "City of the Three Cultures", having been
influenced by a historical co-existence of Christians, Muslims andJews.
In 1085, the city fell to Alfonso VI of Castile as the first major city in the Christian Reconquista.
Toledo has a history in the production of bladed weapons, which are now
popular souvenirs of the city. People who were born or have lived in Toledo include Brunhilda of Austrasia, Al-Zarqali, Garcilaso de la Vega, Eleanor of Toledo, Alfonso X and El Greco. It was also the place of important historic
events such as theVisigothic Councils of Toledo. As of 2015, the city has a
opulation of 83,226[1] and an area of 232.1 km2 (89.6 sq mi). 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toledo,_Spain

 Spania_Toledo
Toledo med Katedralen og Alcazar

PUERTA NUEVA

DE BISAGRA

Spania_Toledo
Of Arab origin, it was rebuilt by
Alonso de Covarrubias in
Renaissance-style, back in the
16th century. It has two sides.
The one that faces the city opens
up with a semicircular arch,
flanked by two square towers
with roofs and decorated with
the coat of arms of Charles I.

The outer side has an arch that bears the city's coat of arms.
This arch is flanked by two huge circular towers.

http://www.spain.info/en/que-quieres/arte/monumentos/toledo/puerta_nueva_de_bisagra.html
to the right:

Puerta del Sol is a city gate of Toledo, Spain, built in the late 14th century by the
Knights Hospitaller.

The medallion above the arch of the gate depicts the ordination of the Visigothic
Ildephonsus, Toledo's patron saint. The name of the gate comes from the sun and
the moon that were once painted on either side of this medallion.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puerta_del_Sol,_Toledo




 Spania_Toledo
Puerta del Sol
Lunsj innenfor murene.
Vi spiste bacalao.
Spania_Toledo
Get lost. Take some time to lose yourself in Toledo's medieval streets. The
city is surrounded by the River Tajo on three sides and two medieval walls
on the fourth side. The old city is relatively small and can be crossed in
45 minutes, so you are never too far from the center. When you want to
head back, just head uphill and you are virtually guaranteed to end up at
the main plaza, Plaza de Zocodover. There is a "Land Train" operating from
the centre of the town. A good way to look around, particularly if you can't
walk too far.

 Spania_Toledo
Spania_Toledo_Garcilaso-de-la-Vega
(Toledo, 1501? - Niza, 1536) Poeta
renacentista español. Perteneciente a
una noble familia castellana, Garcilaso
de la Vega participó ya desde muy joven
en las intrigas políticas de Castilla.

http://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/g/
garcilaso.htm

Spania_Toledo_leyendas-Toledanas

Etter maskinoversttelse:
Den franske kapteinen ønsket å
stjele et kyss fra leppene til Elvira
de Castaneda. Øyeblikkelig falt
hansken til jarlen over hodet
hans.


CATEDRAL

DE TOLEDO


Spania_Toledo_Katedralen
Spania_Toledo_Katedralen

The temple was actually built on top of a Muslim mosque, and before that it had
been a church in the sixth century during the reign of the Visigoth King Recaredo.
King San Fernando and the archbishop began building the new church in 1226.
The fifteen chapels of the ambulatory were subsequently completed. In the year
1300 the transept nave was completed, although work continued on the church
for the next two centuries. The church has five naves and measures 120 metres
long and 59 metres wide. The roof is supported by 88 columns. The
polychromatic stained glass windows date back to the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth
centuries. The altarpiece in the main chapel has five sections, depicting scenes
from the New Testament, along with life-sized polychromatic sculptures made
of gilded wood.
It was commissioned by Cardinal Cisneros and made between 1497 and 1504.
The fifteenth century Santiago Chapel, has a flamboyant Gothic style and houses
the sarcophagi of Alvaro de Luna and his wife Juana de Pimentel.
The impressive choir is considered as one of the grandest in all
Christendom.
The grille that surrounds the choir is by Domingo de Cespedes.
The lower choir stalls were begun in the fifteenth century
depicting scenes of the surrender of cities and fortresses up
until the conquest of Granada. The upper choir stalls are made
up of 72 ceremonial chairs that were designed by Alonso de
Berruguete and Felipe Vigarni, in the sixteenth century.
The so called 'Ochavo' is a large sumptuous room from the
sixteenth century dedicated to the martyrs and witnesses of Christ,
housing invaluable works of art, such as the reliquary of San Luis,
a bust of St. John the Baptist and the cross of Cardinal Mendoza.
It is possible to view works by Lucas Jordan and el Greco in the
main sacristy.
http://www.spain.info/en/que-quieres/arte/monumentos/toledo/catedral_de_toledo.html

 Spania_Toledo

 Spania_Toledo
El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) was born around 1541 in Crete, which
was then part of the Republic of Venice. In his mid-twenties, he traveled to
Venice and studied under Titian, who was the most renowned painter of his
day. Around age 35, he moved to Toledo, Spain, where he lived and worked for
the rest of his life, producing his best-known paintings. His works from this
period are seen as precursors of both Expressionism and Cubism. He is
remembered chiefly for his elongated, tortured figures, often religious in
nature, the style of which baffled his contemporaries but helped establish his reputation in the years to come.
In Toledo, El Greco met Diego de Castilla, the dean of the Toledo Cathedral,
who commissioned El Greco to paint a group of works for the altar of the
church of Santo Domingo el Antiguo (such as The Trinity and The Assumption
of the Virgin, both 1579). Castilla also facilitated the commission of The
Disrobing of Christ (1579), and these paintings would become some of
El Greco’s most accomplished masterworks. (Unfortunately, the price
El Greco demanded for The Disrobing of Christ led to a dispute, and he
never received another comparable commission from Castilla again.)
 
http://www.biography.com/people/el-greco-9319123#finding-a-foothold-toledo-spain

 Spania_Toledo_katedralen_el-Greco
Malerier av El Greco (i Katedralen i Toledo)

 Spania_Toledo_Puente-de-Alcantara
Left:

On the highest hill of the city, at 548 m, the solitary rectangular
mass of the Alcázar dominates the horizon. It is one of the few
buildings outside of the city. The remains of earlier structures
indicate that it has always been a fortified location, since the days
of the Roman Praetorian and the defence of the Muslim fortress.

The present building was ordered to be built by emperor
Carlos V as a royal residence.
To do this, the previous medieval castle was almost completely
destroyed, although on the East facade there still remain
battlement structures. Each facade of the building shows the
artistic time in which it was constructed within the different
stages of the Spanish Renaissance.
http://www.toledo-turismo.com/zh/alc%C3%A1zar_241

 Spania_Toledo_Puente-de-Alcantara
Puente de Alcantara

Roman in origin and reconstructed during the Almanzor period.
One of the entrances to thetown.
During the Middle Ages merchandise and people went through this
entrance to keep control of who came into the town. On the eastern side
there is a fortified entrance crenelated with a half moon arch with
another horseshoe arch inside. There is also a statue of San Idelfonso
and the coat of arms of the Catholic Monarchs.
Construction:Bridge.   Artistic period:Gothic.   Historic period:13th century

http://www.spain.info/en/que-quieres/arte/monumentos/toledo/puente_de_alcantara.html

 Spania_Toledo_Puente-de-Alcantara
Spania_Toledo_Puente-de-Alcantara
Karl Martin på
Puente de Alcantara

Vi var omboket til et fly via Brüssel på torsdag 24.3.
Da regnet de med at flyplassen skulle være åpen igjen. Dette var nok litt
optimistisk.Flyplassen ble ikke åpnet før 1.5
Vi fikk ordnet nye billetter med KLM til København via Amsterdam,
og fra København til
Oslo med SAS

Torsdag 24. mars 2016

Det hadde vært en fin Spaniatur, men likevel;
det var godt at vi endelig kom oss ombord på et fly på vei hjem.

Alt gikk etter ruta. Men det ble likevel en lang reise på grunn av lang
ventetid på Kastrup, København.
Heldigvis rakk vi flytoget fra Gardemoen
før de sluttet å gå for natta. Men det siste stykke hjem (Asker-Slemmestad)
måtte vi ta med taxi. Siste buss hadde gått.


Men alt i alt, til tross for forsinkelser, det var en fin tur!

 Spania_Madrid
Tekst: Grete og Karl Martin
Bilder: Karl Martin og Grete