tilbake til 1. side

Spania 2016


Vi bodde først i Malaga. Mens vi bodde der besøkte vi også byene, Granada, Ronda, Nerja og Mijas.

Etter 10 netter i Malaga tog vi toget til Cordoba og var der 2 netter.

Neste stopp var Madrid. Der skulle vi vært 3 netter, 
men på grunn av flygelederstreik i Frankrike, og siden terroren i Brüssel, ble det 7 netter i Madrid.
Derfor ble det tid til et besøk i Toledo også.
14.11.2016

Lørdag 5. mars 2016

Avreise fra Slemmestad ved
9-tida. Flyet (Norwegian)
skulle gå kl 13 10.

I Malaga bodde vi på Hotel
Don Curro. Hotellet hadde
fin beliggenhet midt i
sentrum, men likevel
forholdsvis rolig.

Været: Det var litt kjølig, men
bra vær da vi kom.

På kvelden regna det litt.

Spania_fra_flyet


 Spania_Malaga_regn
Malaga en sen kveld i regn. Det var lørdagskveld og mye folk på byen
Søndag 6. mars 2016

Etter en god frokost gikk vi ut
for å se på byen.

Vi var først en tur innom
Katedralen.

Det var søndag formiddag, og
derfor messe i katedralen.
Vi ville ikke forstyrre, så vi var
ikke lenge der inne.

I stedet gikk vi opp til
Gibralfaro som er det
opprinnelige slottet/borgen i
Malaga.

Været: fint vær, men litt kald vind.
temp 14-16 grader
Spania_Malaga_fra_hotellet_soplekassa

Det var streik blant søppelkjørerne og
alle byens søppelkasser fløyt over av
søppel.


Spania_Malaga

Malaga´s cathedral
 
was built between 1528 and 1782
on or near the site of a former
mosque.

While original plans had allowed
for two towers, both lack of funds
those
 donated to American
 Independence
resulted in the
completion of only one, giving
rise to the name by which the
cathedral is affectionately referred
to,
 La Manquita, loosely interpreted
as "one armed woman".

The interior has influences of the
Renaissance
 and baroquestyles.
The notable 17th century choir
stalls of mahogany and cedarwood
were designed by Luis Ortiz.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/
malaga/cathedral.htm
Spania_Malaga_Katedralen
Karl Martin utenfor Katedralen


 
Spania_Malaga_veien_til_Gibralfaro
Selv om det ikke var mer enn omkring 15 grader, ble det varmt i
bakken opp til Gibralfaro

Gibralfaro

T
his Castle, built in the 14th. Century to
house troops and protect the Alcazaba,
is today one of the most visited
monuments in Málaga. From its walls,
visitors get spectacular views of the city
and you can visit the Interpretation
 Centre to discover the site's history.

 
It was named after a lighthouse at its peak
(Jabal-Faruk, the light mountain). Although
it was used by the Phoenicians and Romans,
in 1340 the Nasrid King Yusuf I made the
place into a fortress.

 
During the reconquest (i.e. the Reconquista)
it was besieged by the Catholic Monarchs in
the summer of 1487 and Ferdinand the
Catholic made it his temporary residence
after the victory. In addition, he designated
the castle as a symbol on the coat of arms
of the city.

http://www.malagaturismo.com/en/tourist-
resources/detail/castillo-de-gibralfaro/12
Spania_Malaga_
Veien opp til Gibralfaro så ut til å være
en vanlig trimtur. Noen løp opp, noen
syklet og noen hadde nok med å gå
oppover,



 Spania_Malaga_veien_til_Gibralfaro
Utsikt over Malaga fra et utsiktspunkt på veien opp. Bak høyhusa ligger
Malagueta-stranda.


 Spania_Malaga_veien_til_Gibralfaro
Bortenfor stranda er havna. Den store båten er ei ferga over til Afrika.
Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro_murene
Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro_utsikt
It was considered the most impregnable fortress
on the Iberian peninsula for a time. It has two
lines of walls and eight towers. The outer wall
meets the coracha, zigzagging walls arranged
to link to the Alcazaba Castle. Inside you can
walk around the whole perimeter of the fortress.


The Castle is divided into two parts. The upper
part is called the main courtyard and houses
the Interpretation Centre where you can
discover the history of the castle
 through the lives of its inhabitants.



 Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro
You will find the Main Tower (Torre Mayor), 17 metres high, the Phoenician well and the
baths in this section. The Airón well was dug in solid rock to a depth of 40 meters.

 
The lower part, or courtyard, held the troop barracks and stables. The watchtower or
White Tower (Torre Blanca), facing the North East, is one of the most visible  ones and
inside you will find a water tank, auxiliary buildings and storerooms.
 
http://www.malagaturismo.com/en/tourist-resources/detail/castillo-de-gibralfaro/12
Spania_Malaga
Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Vi gikk en annen vei ned, og kom til en fin park.

Så gikk vi videre til stranda. Vi hadde ikke med badetøy, så noe bad ble det ikke.

LA MALAGUETA

This is a very large man made beach, it is accessed via the Pablo Picasso promenade
whose bars and restaurants are busy day and night. It has a view of the fishing area
where you can see the fisherman untangling their nets.
http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/beaches.htm

 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Grete tester badetemperaturen

 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Karl Martin slapper av i den varme sanda.

There are a number of Chiringuitos offering a selection of drinks and Tapas.
Facilities include: disabled access, warning advice, hire of sunbeds and parasols,
parking, public telephone, showers, W.C and a children´s play area. This beach is
the closest to the city centre located to the east of the port
.
http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/beaches.htm


 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta-Faro
Det var ikke den store dagen for dem som leier ut solsenger.
Været var fint, men vinden var litt for kald
.

The lighthouse is La Farola, one of the most famous and historic of Spanish lighthouses.
There is a small information board by the side of it, which I shall quote verbatim -
"La Farola Lighthouse id the work of Pery y Guzmán. Its construction was completed
in 1817, being located at that time at the entrance to Malaga Port. It stands 38 meters
above the sea and its light theoretically reaches as far as 25 miles, with 3 + 1 flashes
every twenty seconds.

http://lighthousesabroad.blogspot.no/2014/05/la-farola-malaga.html?view=classic

 Spania_Malaga_kunstutstilling
På veien fra stranda og tilbake til sentrum kom vi forbi en kunstutstilling.
Kunstneren er Andres Serna.
Spania_Malaga_don-Quisjot
Don Quijote var også på utstillingen.
Kunstneren var Curro Leyton

Spania_Malaga
Pariserhjulet i Malaga
The Malaga Big Wheel (Noria de Malaga) is a modern 70m-high big wheel located in
Malaga port, near the city centre. Billed as Europe's largest itinerant ferris wheel,
it opened in September 2015 and will be in situ until September 2016, or possibly
longer if the contract is extended again. 
http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/big-wheel-noria.htm
Mandag 7. mars 2015

Vi begynte dagen med å hente billettene til Alhambra i Granada.
Dit skulle vi neste dag.

Vi var også innom turistinformasjonen for å få rutetabeller til buss og tog.
Det var flere byer i nærheten vi skulle besøke i løpet av ferien.



Været: opp til 13 grader, vind opp til 8 m/s.
En kort, men kraftig regnskur om formiddagen og en om kvelden.


Vi hadde tenkt å begynne dagenmed et besøk i Carmen-Thyssen museet.
Men museer har ofte stengt mandager, og sånn var det her også.
Like ved Carmen-Thyssen ligger
kirken Santo Cristo. Vi var innom den.


16th Century. Known as the Santo Cristo
(Holy Christ), this church was founded by
the Jesuits, who also gave their name to this
street (Calle de la Compañía). It is the first
building on the right at the entrance of Calle
de la Compañía and it is unusual in that it
has a circular floor plan.

 
In 1572, after the Jesuits came to do
missionary work in Málaga, the Jesuits
decided to settle here and purchased a house
next to the San Sebastian Sanctuary where
 they practised their ministry. They decided
to build a new church because the Sanctuary
was not large enough to hold public services.
The works were not started until 1598 and
the church opened on 28 September 1630
although some work continued until 1644.

http://www.malagaturismo.com/en/tourist-resources/
detail/santo-cristo-de-la-salud-church/442
Spania_Malaga_Santo_Cristo

Spania_Malaga_Rio_Guadalmedina
The Guadalmedina (from the Arabic wādi, “river” + medina, "city"; River of the City) is a river
that r
uns through the city of 
Málaga, Spain. Historically, it has played an important role in the
city's history, and has divided the city into two halves. The city’s historic center is located on its
left bank.

It is a river subject to high seasonal variations and has five well defined tributaries which have
their sources in the
 
Montes de Málaga
 range, the Arroyo de las Vacas, Arroyo Chaperas, Arroyo
Humaina, Arroyo Hondo and Arroyo de Los Frailes. All of these rivers are dry most of the year.
Located in the mountains, the Limonero Dam on the Guadalmedina provides water for the area
.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guadalmedina

This fortress palace, whose name in Arabic
means citadel, is one of the city's historical
monuments and is much visited because of
its history and beauty.

 
The building that dates from the Muslim
period is located at the foot of the Gibralfaro
hill, crowned by the Arab defence works to
which the Alcazaba is connected by a walled passage known as the Coracha. With the
Roman Theatre and the Aduana Customs
Building, this special corner offers
the chance to observe Roman, Arab and Renaissance culture, all within a few
yards of each other.


According to Arab historians, it was
built between 1057 and 1063 at the
instructions of Badis, King of the Berber
Taifa of Granada. Transported
material was used in its construction and
columns, capitals and other materials were
taken from the nearby Roman Theatre.
http://www.malagaturismo.com/en/tourist-
resources/detail/alcazaba/6
Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba

Vi gikk en tur bortom elva som renner gjennom byen.
Det var ikke mye vann der nå.
Så fortsatte vi til Alcazaba, den gamle borgen i Malaga
Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba
Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba

Karl Martin fotograferer på Alcazaba
Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba
Keramikkovn på Alcazaba

Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba
Karl Martin slapper av på Alcazaba.
Spania_Malaga_Picassomuseet
Grete utenfor Picassomuseet.
Pablo Picasso is probably the most important figure of 20th century, in terms of art, and art
movements that occurred over this period. Before the age of 50, the Spanish born artist had
become the most well known name in modern art, with the most distinct style and eye for
artistic creation. There had been no other artists, prior to Picasso, who had such an impact
on the art world, or had a mass following of fans and critics alike, as he did.
Pablo Picasso was born in Spain in 1881, and was raised there before going on to spend most
of his adult life working as an artist in France. Throughout the long course of his career,
he created more than 20,000 paintings, drawings, sculptures, ceramics and other items
such as costumes and theater sets.
Museo Picasso Málaga
 is governed by the

Fundación
Museo Picasso Málaga.
Legado Paul, Christine y
Bernard Ruiz-Picasso
,
which holds full legal
rights and the beneficiary
title of the collection and the
Museum holdings and is the
owner of the Palacio de
Buenavista, the institution’s
headquarters
.
http://www.museopicassomalaga.org/en/foundation
Spania_Malaga_Picasso

Bather
The limbs of the undulating bather in this late work by
Picasso are barely distinguishable from the foamy
green sea surging around her.

Bilde fra http://www.museopicassomalaga.org/en
He is universally renowned as one of the most influential and celebrated
 artists of the twentieth century.
http://www.pablopicasso.org/
Tirsdag 8. mars 2016

Tirsdag den 8. var avsatt til en tur til Alhambra i Granada.
Billettene var kjøpt inn på internett. Det var begrensa hvor mange
som slapp inn hver dag. Det gjaldt særlig Palacios Nazaries,
eller Nasridpalasset.

Bussen til Granada tok litt over to timer, men det var interessant å se innlandet også,
små hvite byer, olivenskoger etc.
Fra bussterminalen tok vi taxi opp
til Alhambra. Alternativet var tre forskjellige busser. Det er ikke så enkelt med flere
bussbytter når man er helt ukjent på stedet.

Vi hadde billetter til kl 14. Klokka 12 30 var vi framme. Så vi rakk både å
spise lunsj og å se oss litt om i området før vi slapp inn på Alhambra.
Heldigvis var været fint, selm om det fortsatt var litt kald vind.
Det lå nysnø i fjellene rundt byen.

Spania_Malaga_Granada_oliven
Oliventrær sett fra bussen
Spania_Malaga_el_Toro
El Toro

 Spania_Malaga_Granada_Sierra-Nevada
Sierra Nevada fra Granada

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra
Vi slapp ikke inn på Alhambra før klokka 1400, men litt kunne vi se selv
utenfor murene


 Spania_Granada_Alhambra
Alhambra utenfor murene
Spania_Granada_oliventre
Spania_Granada_Sierra-Nevada
Oliventrær og snøfjell i Granada
Spania_Granada_appelsintre
Appelsintrær i Granada
Spania_Granada_Alhambra_inngangen
Klokka blitt 14 00, og vi slipper inn på Alhambra.
The name Alhambra comes from an Arabic root which means
"red or crimson castle", perhaps due to the hue of the towers and walls that
surround the entire hill of La Sabica which by starlight is silver but by
sunlight is transformed into gold. But there is another more poetic version,
evoked by the Moslem analysts who speak of the construction of the Alhambra
 fortress "by the light of torches", the reflections of which gave the walls their
particular coloration. Created originally for military purposes, the Alhambra
was an "alcazaba" (fortress), an "alcázar" (palace) and a small "medina" (city),
 all in one. This triple character helps to explain many distinctive features of the
monument.


There is no reference to the Alhambra as being a residence of kings until the
13th century, even though the fortress had existed since the 9th century. The
first kings of Granada, the Zirites, had their castles and palaces on the hill of the
Albaicin, and nothing remains of them. The Nasrites were probably the emirs who
built the Alhambra, starting in 1238.

The founder of the dynasty, Muhammed Al-Ahmar, began with the restoration of
 the old fortress. His work was completed by his son Muhammed II, whose immediate
successors continued with the repairs. The construction of the palaces (called Casa
Real Vieja, "old Royal House or Palace") dates back to the 14th century and is the
work of two great kings: Yusuf I and Muhammed V. To the first we owe, among
others, the "Cuarto de Comares" (Chamber of Comares), the "Puerta de la Justicia"
(Gate of Justice), the Baths and some towers. His son, Muhammed V, completed the
beautification of the palaces with the "Cuarto de los Leones"
(Chamber of the Lions), as well as other rooms and fortifications.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/granada/alhamhistory.htm
Spania_Granada_Alhambra
The Mosque Baths of the Alhambra
Spania_Granada_Alhambra


 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-de-Carlos-VTil venstre: Carlos V Palace
The construction of the Carlos V Palace was a consequence of the need to have
a place with all the comforts of that time for the Emperor and his family, since the
"Alcazar", which was his summer residence, did not cover his needs.

The Emperor ordered the construction of the palace near the Alhambra so he
could enjoy its wonders.



 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-de-Carlos-V
Carlos V Palace
The architect in charge of the construction was "Pedro Machuca", who loved the
Renaissance style and was an experienced architect. The works, that started in 1527
and finished in 1957, went through different stages, lack of money, revolts that stopped
the construction, etc. The ceilings sank due to abandonment.

http://www.alhambra.org/eng/index.asp?secc=/alhambra/alhambras_guide/carlos_v_palace

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries
The Nasrid Palaces

Complex of palaces, the residence of the
kings of Granada.
Its construction was started by the founder of
the dynasty, Alhamar, in the thirteenth
century, although the buildings
that have survived to our time date mainly
from the fourteenth century.
The walls of these palaces enclose the
refinement and the
delicateness of the last Hispano-Arab
governors of Al Andalus, the Nasrids. 
Three palaces form these premises:

  • The Mexuar
  • The Comares, or Yusuf I Palace
  • The Palace of the Lions, or of Mohammed V
Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries


 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries
Til høyre (to the right):

The Court of the Myrtles (Patio de los Arrayanes) has received different names
throughout time. Its current name is due to the myrtle bushes that surround the
central pond and the bright green colour of which contrasts with the white
marble of the patio. It was also called the Patio of the Pond or theReservoir
(Patio del Estanque o de la Alberca) because of the central pond, which is 34
metres long and 7,10 meters wide.


 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries
The pond divides the patio and receives its water from two fountains (one at each end
of the pond). There are chambers on both sides of the patio and several porticoes on
the shorter sides of it. These porticoes rest on columns with cubic capitals, which have
seven semicircular arches decorated with fretwork rhombuses and inscriptions praising
God. The central arch is greater than the other six and has solid scallops decorated with
stylised vegetal forms and capitals of mocarabes.

http://www.alhambradegranada.org/en/info/placesandspots/courtofthemyrtles.asp
Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries
Til høyre (to the right):

Palace of the Lions
When Mohammed V succeeded
his fatherYusuf I, he did more than
just finishing the alterations that his
 father had started.
He actually started building
what would
become his great work of art, the
marvellous legacy he left us in the
Alhambra: the
Palace of the Lions
(Palacio de los Leones).
This palace comprised the private
chambers of the royal family
and it was built in the
angle formed by the Baths
(Baños) and the Court of the Myrtles
(Patio de los Arrayanes).


 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Patio-de-los-Leones
Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazarie
The Hall of the Abencerrajes
(Sala de los Abencerrajes)
is
located in front of the 
Hall
of the Two Sisters 
(Sala de Dos Hermanas).
 It is so called because it is said that the Abencerrajes knights were there
beheaded, although the experts can not decide
who was the king who
ordered it.
In fact, there is a rust stain covering part of the
marble
fountain in the middle of the hall,
which is said to be a bloodstain from the Abencerrajes knights.   
http://www.alhambradegranada.org/en/info/placesandspots/halloftheabencerrajes.asp


 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazarie

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Palacio-Nazaries
The Nasrid Palaca

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_fra_Generalife
Alhambra fra Generalife

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Generalife

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Generalife
Generalife
Leisure villa of the sultans of Granada, surrounded by orchards and gardens, the latter
created recently, together with the amphitheatre at the entrance, which every year is
the setting for some of the shows of the Music and Dance Festival.
The name, of doubtful origin, seems to come from the Arabic Yanat- al- Arif or Garden
of the Architect, in a clear poetical-religious symbolism that refers to God, Allah, as an
architect, the creator of the universe.
It is worthwhile climbing the Water Staircase, especially in summer, to let the clear,
cold water, which runs down the banisters, slip through your fingers.

http://www.alhambra.org/eng/index.asp?secc=/alhambra/history_alhambra/generalife

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Alcazaba
Alcazaba

 Spania_Granada_Alhambra_Alcazaba.
Alcazaba
Alcazaba

The fortified military complex. The first Arab constructions date from the
Caliph period, possibly on the remains of a Roman fortification. In the
eleventh century the Ziries extended the area when Granada became the
capital of one of the Taifas [small independent kingdoms]. Nevertheless,
the main constructions date from the Nasrid period, the thirteenth to fifteenth
centuries. The complex also includes some Christian additions, such as the
round Torre del Cubo [Cube Tower].

This area contains the famous Torre de la Vela, a watchtower that has an
unbeatable view of the city, the Vega [fertile plain] and the Sierra Nevada
mountains. The soldiers' houses have disappeared, and the dungeons are
closed, but you can walk along some towers, the rampart and parapet walks
and see the remains of the baths, silo, cisterns, etc.
http://www.alhambra.org/eng/index.asp?secc=/alhambra/history_alhambra/alcazaba

 Spania_Granada_fra_Alhambra
Alcazaba
Spania_Granada_Puerta_de_Bibramba
The gate was located in the stretch of wall
of the medina of Granada until the last
quarter of the 19th century, and between
1873 and 1884 the process of demolition
began. It gave access to the square of the
 same name which was the centre point
of Nasrid Granada which spread around it.
It was mainly mud built, with certain
formal and structural elements made of
stone.

This is popularly known as the
gate of Bibrrambla,
Bab al-Ramla in Arabic or
gate of Arenal
, (sand)
names that it adopted according
to the place
where it was originally located. 
Another name is also
Arch of the Ears (Arco de las Orejas),
a supposed name,
 because malefactors executed by
law were exhibited under it. 

http://www.alhambra-patronato.es/
index.php/Puerta-de-
Bibarrambla/1620+M5d637b1e38d/0/

Spania_Granada
8. mars demonstrasjon i Granada

International Women's Day (March 8)
is a global day celebrating the social,
economic, cultural and political
achievements of women.
The day also marks a call to action
for accelerating gender parity.
 
https://www.internationalwomensday.com/About


 Spania_Granada_mot_Alhambra
Fra sentrum av Granada ser vi opp mot Alhambra

Granada was first settled by native tribes in the prehistoric period, and was known
as Ilbyr. When the Romans colonised southern Spain, they built their own city here
and called it Illibris. The Arabs, invading the peninsula in the 8th century, gave it its
current name of Granada. It was the last Muslim city to fall to the Christians in 1492,
at the hands of Queen Isabel of Castile and her husband Ferdinand of Aragon.

One of the most brilliant jewels of universal architecture is the Alhambra, a series of
palaces and gardens built under the Nazari Dynasty in the 14th C.
This mighty compound of buildings – including the summer palace called
Generalife, with its fountains and gardens - stands at the foot of Spain's
highest mountain range, the Sierra Nevada, and overlooks the city below and the
fertile plain of Granada.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/granada.htm

Onsdag 9. mars 2016

Været: Opp til 18 grader, fortsatt litt kald vind, for det meste sol.

Dagen startet med et besøk i Carmen-Thyssen museet.
Ellers hadde vi en rolig dag.
Mye av dagen var vi på stranda

 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Spania_Malaga_Carmen-Thyssen_
Spania_Malaga_Carmen-Thyssen

Eduardo Zamacois y Zabala (2 July 1841 – 12 January 1871)[1][2] was a Spanish academic
painter who was born in Bilbao, Spain on 2 July 1841. He moved to Madrid in 1859,
where he enrolled in the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando and studied with
Federico de Madrazo. In 1860, he studied in Paris with Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier
(1815–1891). He achieved success at the
Paris Salon of 1867 with Buffon au 16e siècle. On 18 November 1865 in Paris, he married
Marie Louise Perrin. They had two children, born in Louveciennes: a boy named Miguel (1866)
and a girl named Maria Helena (1871), who married the French painter Jean Alfred Marioton.

Zamacois y Zabala is associated with both classicism and anti-clerical art. He is
known to have employed the Swiss painter Edouard Castres (1838–1902) as
his assistant. He died in Madrid in 1871 at the age of 29. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eduardo_Zamacois_y_Zabala

 Spania_Malaga_Bompidosenteret

THE POMPIDOU CENTRE MALAGA


Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza,
one of the world's foremost art
collectors, now has her own
eponymous museum in
Malaga, which opened in March 2011.
The paintings are from her personal
collection, amassed over the past
30 years.

The permanent collection consists of
230 works, mainly by 19th-century
Spanish artists, with most of the subject
matter being, unsurprisingly, Andalucia: Cordoba, Malaga, Sevilla.
The most famous painters whose
works feature in this collection are
Zurbaran, Sorolla, Zuloaga, and Romero
Torres.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/
malaga/museums/thyssen.htm
Spania_Malaga
The Pompidou Centre
by Fiona Flores Watson & Michelle Chaplow

Opened on 28 March 2015, the Pop-Up Pompidou is housed in El Cubo, a cuboid
glass structure in Malaga port, and buildings next to it. It received 76 thousand
visitors in the first three months.

The 6000m2 centre has 80 works, with two or three annual exhibitions lasting
3-6 months during the next five years.

Divided into seven sections: metamorphoses, the body in pieces, the political body,
self-portraits, man without a face, the workshop of Brancusi, and a final section
dedicated to the architecture of the first Pompidou Centre, in Paris.
http://www.andalucia.com/malaga/pompidou-centre.htm
Spania_Malaga
Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Litt kaldt i vannet, men likevel en
deilig svømmetur.


Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Litt trening må til på en ellers rolig dag
Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Andre nyter rosevin på stranda.

Torsdag 10. mars 2016

Ut på tur igjen.
Denne gang til Ronda, en busstur på nesten 2 timer. Også denne veien gikk
gjennom innlandet bak kysten, men også her var det mye fint å se.
Bussavgang kl 0930.

Retur til Malaga med toget. Toget kjører mye nede i en "grøft",
men likevel var det mye å se.

Spania_Malaga
Ronda ligger på en høyslette ca 750 m.o.h.
litt innover i landet fra Solkysten og har
rundt 35000 innbyggere.  Byen ble
opprinnelig grunnlagt av romerne
under den andre punerkrigen.  Som
resten av Spania ble den imidlertid
erobret av araberne på 700-tallet. 
I hele den islamske perioden var den
en viktig by noe som betydde at muslimene
 satte sitt preg på arkitekturen i byen. 
I 1485 ble Ronda gjenerobret av de kristne,
og det ble bygget nye bydeler basert på
andre arkitektoniske prinsipper. 
http://www.reisemagazinet.no/ronda-spania/


 Spania_Ronda
Grete i Ronda

 Spania_Ronda

It’s accepted that Ernest Hemingway set much of his seminal novel on the Spanish
Civil War, ‘For Whom the Bell Tolls,’ in the photogenic white hill town ofRonda. Strolling
 the narrow streets of this popular Andalusian tourist destination it’s difficult to
 comprehend Ronda’s turbulent 2,000 year saga. Yet experiencing its historic beauty,
set on craggy cliffs at over 2,000 feet elevation in southern Spain’s Serranía de Ronda
mountains, it is easy to comprehend why Ronda has been a favored summer getaway
for centuries.
Founded by Romans at the time of Julius Caesar, Ronda’s position straddling 300 foot
cliffs carved out by the Guadalevin River with panoramic views of the mountains gave
the city strategic importance. Unfortunately for the population over the millenniums,
this made the city a target for conquerors from the Moors to Francisco Franco.

Spania_Ronda
Ronda is where modern
bullfighting began.
As a result, the Ronda bullring
is held in very high regard among
aficionados.
However, with Ronda
tucked away in the mountains,
its bullring is not that accessible
for genuine bullfighting fans.
Perhaps to preserve Ronda's
status as the genuine
home of bullfighting and not a
tourist trap, there are very few
fights actually staged in Ronda. 
http://gospain.about.com/od/
bullfightinginspain/qt/Rondabullfight.htm

Yet its beauty and serenity in peacetime drew such prominent 19th and 20th
century romantics and artists as Washington Irving, Hemingway, Rainer
Maria Rilke and Orson Wells, whose ashes were buried in 1985 on the
nearby farm of his friend, the bullfighter Antonio Ordoñez.

Devotees of Spain’s national sport, Hemingway and Wells were equally
attracted to Ronda because of its storied role in the creation of modern
bullfighting. In the late 1700s, Pedro Romero, third generation of an innovative
family of matadors, created the drama that both inspires devotees and enrages
detractors of bullfighting. Prior to Pedro, the matador rode a horse while in the
ring. Pedro dispensed with the horse and challenged the bull at ground level.
Built in 1784, the Plaza de toros de Ronda, Spain’s oldest bullfighting ring,
hosts the annual September Feria Goyesca celebrating this legendary sport.
http://www.examiner.com/article/discover-the-ronda-ernest-hemingway-loved

 Spania_Ronda
Puente Nuevo, Ronda
Gate i Ronda
Spania_Ronda
Hovedattraksjonen i Ronda er imidlertid Puente Nuevo (den nye broen) som
forbinder La Ciudad med den nyere bydelen El Mercadillo. 
Veldig ny er broen riktignok ikke for den ble ferdigstilt allerede i 1793. 
Men et imponerende byggverk er den utvilsomt med en høyde på 120 meter
over juvet som deler Ronda i to deler.
Under den spanske borgerkrigen hendte det at republikanerne kastet fanger ned i
kløften, noe som blant annet er beskrevet i Ernest Hemingways
roman «Klokkene ringer for deg«. 
Fra La Ciudad er det en sti hvor man kan gå ned og beskue broen
og byen nedenfra.   http://www.reisemagazinet.no/ronda-spania/

Spania_Ronda_Puente-Nuevo

The Guadalevín River is a tributary
of the Guadiaro River in Málaga, Andalusia, Spain.
Its gorge divides the city of Ronda
where it is spanned by three bridges,
Puente Nuevo, Puente Viejo and
Puente Romano.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guadalev%C3%ADn



 Spania_Ronda

 Spania_Ronda_Puente-Nuevo

 Spania_Ronda
En rest av den gamle bymuren

 Spania_Ronda
Puerta del Viento
Wind door is part of the west side of the city walls of Ronda , located in the town
of the same name, province of Malaga.


 Spania_Ronda
Vi gikk helt ned i dalbunnen nedenfor Ronda.
Spania_Ronda_bar_Sancez
Lunsj på bar Sancez som ligger
like innenfor La Puerta Almocabar

La Puerta de Almocabar y sus
murallas separan el Barrio de
San Francisco de el de la Ciudad,
dando acceso a la alcazaba y a
la ciudad.

Fue construida en el siglo XIII,
esta completamente restaurada,
el conjunto consta de tres puertas,
con tres arcos en forma de
herraduras entre dos torres con
forma semicircular,
(posiblemente fueron las torres
asignadas a la guardia). Su nombre
procede del árabe al-maqabi, que
significa cementerio, ya que se
encuentra cerca del antiguo
cementerio musulmán. Fueron
reestructuradas durante el
período de Carlos V.
http://malagapedia.wikanda.
es/wiki/Puerta_de_Almoc%C3%A1bar_
(Ronda)

Spania_Ronda_Calle-Espritu-Santo
Spania_Ronda_Paseo-Chefchauen
Gatenavn i Ronda
Spania_Ronda_Puente-Viejo
Ponte Viejo
Ponte Viejo
Built in the 16th century, possibly on
remnants of an earlier bridge, this
was the one navigable link between
Mercadillo and La Ciudad until the
completion of the Puente Nuevo
centuries later. Cars still need good
gears and drivers with steely nerves
to take the steep hairpin bend on the
way up to the cuesta de Santo
Domingo.
The gate above the bridge, the Arco de
Felipe V, from the same era, would
have been the only entrance to
La Ciudad
from this end of the town, making it a
key defence. The balconied niches on
the bridge itself were introduced as
part of an 18th century renovation.
http://www.andalucia.com/ronda/
puenteviejo.htm


 Spania_Chorro_Caminito-del-Rey
Caminito del Rey i Chorro. Vi så den bare fra toget på vei tilbake til Malaga.

El Caminito del Rey (English: The King's little pathway) is a walkway, pinned along
the steep walls of a narrow gorge in El Chorro, near Ardales in the province of Málaga,
Spain. The name is often shortened to Camino del Rey (English:
King's pathway). The walkway had fallen into disrepair and was partially closed
for over a decade. After four years of extensive repairs and renovations, the
walkway re-opened in 2015. It has been known in the past as the "world's most
dangerous walkway" following five deaths in 1999 and 2000

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caminito_del_Rey
Spania_Malaga_Maria_Zambrano
Jernbanestasjonen i Malaga,
Maria Zambrano

Spania_Malaga_bakeri
Bakeri i Malaga

Tog Malaga til Ronda (Vi tok turen motsatt vei)

Som passasjer er det all grunn til å følge med ut av vinduet på store deler av
den to timer lange turen til Ronda. Det begynner å gå oppover ganske
umiddelbart etter at vi forlater Malagas drabantbyer, og i løpet av en drøy
halvtime er toget på stasjonen El Chorro, som er et utgangspunkt for gåturer
i fjellene.
Du får også se litt av den spektakulære naturen i dette området, med høye
bratte fjell og dype daler, men dessverre går mye av strekningen i tunnel.
Du bør likevel holde øynene åpne, for i de sekundene man er ute i dagslys
er det spektakulær utsikt!

http://www.erdetmulig.no/edm1287.php
Fredag 11. mars 2016

Enda en dag vi skulle rise ut fra Malaga.
Denne gang til Nerja som er kjent for de store grottene.  
Byen har også fine strender.
Turen gikk med buss. Veien fulgte kysten hele veien. Mye å se
her også.

Været: sol, 17 grader og lite vind

Spania_Andalucia_Aquila
Foto Michelle Chaplow.
Bildet fra http://www.andalucia.com/nerja/eagle-aqueduct.htm


 Spania_Malaga_Nerja_snefjell

Nysnø på fjellet. Bildet er tatt fra bussen mellom Malaga og Nerja.

Til venstre:
Acueducto del Águila (Eagle Aqueduct), also known as Puente del Águila
(Eagle Bridge), is regarded across the region as "an historic jewel of
Spanish architecture". It was built in the 19th century and has been used continuously
since - today the local community uses it to irrigate farmland.


Akveduktet ligger i nærheten av Nerja
Spania_Nerja_grottene
Fra grottene i Nerja

Las Cuevas de Nerja (the Caves of Nerja)
are a series of naturally formed caves
and caverns in the hills of Maro, 4km
North-East of Nerja, some of which
have taken up to two million years
to form.
The caves contain the widest naturally-
formed column in the world, at 32m
high and 13x7m at its base. Formed
by the merging of a stalagmite and
stalactite, it has held the Guinness
World Record since 1989. The caves
also famously host the annual Nerja
International Festival of Music and
Dance. A visit to these caves is a truly
unique experience. In 2010 the caves
were the most visited attraction in
Málaga province.

The site is steeped in both geological
and archaeological interest; cave
paintings depict images of goats,
horses, deer, seals and birds, drawn
using red and black pigments. The
images have been dated between
at 25,000 and 3,600 B.C. 

http://www.andalucia.com/nerja/
caves.htm


 Spania_Nerja
Spania_Nerja

Nerja boasts 16 kilometres
of beaches with powdery sand and
sparkling clear water.
All major water sports are
available here, including water
skiing, scuba diving and sailing.

Flanked by a dramatic mountain
range, Sierra Almijara, to the east,
the town has, fortunately, managed
to avoid being blighted by the
concrete high-rise scenario which
has been the inevitable result of the
tourist boom in some of the
coastal resorts.

The old quarter of the town is still virtually unchanged with narrow,
winding streets, whitewashed houses with wrought iron terraces
overflowing with geraniums, on which a canary can sometimes be
heard singing..
.
http://www.andalucia.com/nerja/home.htm


 Spania_Nerja_Playa_Torrecilla
Strand i Nerja
Spania_Nerja_Playa_Torrecilla
Spania_Nerja
The Beaches of Nerja are one of the
towns´s biggest assets, the crystal clear
waters and rocky outcrops the pepper
the coastline make it a haven for snorkelling
and scuba diving. The steep cliffsides offer
breath taking views; of course none as
spectacular as that of the Balcon de Europa.
The shape of the coves mean the waters are tranquil and the beaches protected from
harsh winds.
Restaurants, kiosks and chiringuitos
 scattered along the shoreline ensure
 that the beaches of 
Nerja are unmissable
and well catered; a haven for both tourists
and locals.
http://www.andalucia.com/nerja/beaches.htm


 Spania_Nerja_Playa_Torrecilla
Grete i Nerja

 Spania_Nerja_piggetre
Ceiba chodatii. Bildet er tatt utenfor grottene i Nerja

 Spania_Malaga_piggetre
Samme sort tre fotografert i Malaga.
Her sto det hva slags tre det var. Ceiba Chodatii

Lørdag 12. mars 2016

Enda en dag ut av Malaga, denne gang til Mijas.
Det var ikke så lang tur fra Malaga,
men turen gikk med lokalbuss og brukte veldig lang tid, fordi "alle" skulle
til Mijas den dagen, spesielt pensjonister.

Været: fint vær

 Spania_Mijas

 Spania_Mijas
Spania_Mijas
Spania_Mijas
Utstillingsvinduer hos bakere i Mijas
One of the jewels of the Costa del Sol is the beautiful little village of
Mijas
, which nestles comfortably in the mountainside at 428 meters
above sea
level; it is a superb choice for either holiday or full time living. Of the
7,500 population, there are so many foreign and English speaking
residents in and around the pueblo that the Town Hall has a very h
elpful Foreigner's Department, which caters for the many needs of
those who do not speak Spanish. 
http://www.andalucia.com/mijas/pueblo.htm

 Spania_Mijas
Grete beundrer utsikten over Costa del Sol

 Spania_Mijas
Torget i Mijas

 Spania_Mijas_torget_flamenco

Flamenco history has only been documented for the past two hundred years or
so, and anything before this time is open to debate and speculation.

Much of what we know from before this time comes from stories and legends
that have been passed down through family dynasties, in a similar way to the
flamenco song itself.   http://www.andalucia.com/flamenco/history.htm

Spania_Mijas

Flamenco:

One thing we can be sure of is that
flamenco in
its original form was
only voice, a primitive
cry or chant accompanied only by
the rhythm which would be beaten
out on the floor by a
wooden staff or cane.

These styles are known as Palo Secos,
or dry styles, and they are the oldest
forms of song known today.
http://www.andalucia.com/flamenco/
history.htm

Spania_Mijas


 Spania_Mijas
Spania_Mijas
Lunsj på plassen utenfor kirken.
Cafeteria la Muralla

Spania_Mijas
og så litt trim etter maten


 Spania_Mijas


Under til høyre: (to the right, below:) Santuario de la Virgin de la Pena
The shrine of Our Lady the Virgin of the Rock was excavated in the rocks
by a Carmelite monk in the second half of the seventeenth century.
The legend says that the virgin appeared between the walls of the old
castle in 1586 were it remained hidden during the 8 centuries of the
muslim domination of the Spain.
After the conquest by the Catholic Kings of the last strongholds of Granada,
Spania_Mijas
Spania_Mijas
"La Imaculada Concepción" or
The Immaculate Conception


the capital of the Nazari Kingdom legends and stories about appearances
of the virgin multiplied in all areas of Andalusia in southern Spain.

According to the legend Juan and Asunción, two young shepherds who were
taking care of their herd, saw a white dove on the tower of the Castillo
which transfigured into the virgin and notified the hiding place to the
local authorities of Mijas. This discovery was made just before the
Corpus Cristi festivity. Such occurrences and stories represented a
return to Christianity of the areas conquered by the Muslims. Mijas
was totally depopulated of Muslims, because they never surrendered
and were turned into slaves and expelled from their homes.
These visions meant the religious consecration
of the victor. -
See more at:
http://discovermijas.com/monuments/the-virgen-de-la-pena/#sthash.VPQVI9jK.dpuf

 Spania_Mijas_Santuario_de_la_Virgin_de_la_Pena
"La Imaculada Concepción" or The Immaculate Conception. It existed before 1492.
It was ordered to be built in 1541-65 on the site of the ruins of the ancient Moorish
 castle, and one of the castle's towers was used as a bell tower. It was not finished
until 1631. It was restored in 1991-92 and then they found a series of frescos of
the Apostles which date back to ca 1632.
 
https://www.virtualtourist.com/travel/Europe/Spain/Andalucia/Mijas-261102/Things_
To_Do-Mijas-Iglesia_de_Immaculate_Conception-BR-1.html


 Spania_Mijas_Santuario-de-la-virgin-de-la-Pena
Santuario de la Virgin de la Pena


 Spania_Mijas_byen
Mijas
Spania_Mijas
Grete tar seg en ridetur
Spania_Mijas
Mijas svar på huset under
helleren i Jøssingfjord.


Spania_Mijas
Besøket i Mijas ble avsluttet med
kaffe og kaker på et konditori.
El Teatro Romano is the oldest monument in Málaga City; it is situated in the cultural
heart of Málaga city, at the foot of the famous Alcazaba fortress. It is one of the only
Ancient ruins left in Málaga after the outwardly Republican city was bombed by
Nationalist sympathizers - the Italian army during the Civil war, and one of the only
remaining Roman ruins in Andalucía after centuries of warfare, and construction.
The site is accompanied by the Centro de Interpretación (visitors centre) which
teaches visitors about the history of the ruins and its subsequent excavation
(bildet til høyre) http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/teatro-romano.htm

 Spania_Malaga_romersk_teater
Det romerske teater i Malaga

 Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba
Alcazaba i Malaga

 Spania_Malaga_Alcazaba
Gateløp i Malaga. Deltakerne løp opp til Gibralfaro (116 moh)
og ned igjen

Søndag 13. mars 2016

Værmelding: Pent vær, lite vind, ca 16 grader.

Ingen bestemte planer for dagen.
Bare rusle rundt i byen og slappe av.

Katedralen i Malaga lå like ved hotellet og vi gikk
dit for å se mer på den.
Etterpå tenkte vi å besøke museet Santa Semana,
siden det nærmet seg påske.
Men det ble ikke noe besøk der likevel.

Grete tok med badetøy siden det var meldt fint vær.
Spania_Malaga_Pieta
Først var vi på et nytt besøk i
Katedralen La Manquita.
Spania_Malaga_Pieta

 Spania_Malaga_Katedralen
Katedralen La Manquita
Spania_Malaga_easter
Bare en uke igjen til påske og
påskeforberedelsene er i gang i
alle byens kirker.

Spania_Malaga_easter
Iglesia de San Agustin

 
Spania_Malaga_Iglesia_de_San_Augustin
Iglesia de San Agustin
16th Century. Located in the old
Calle de los Caballeros, now called
Calle San Agustín, this building has
three parts: church, school and
monks' residence. The church's
beautiful courtyard is next to the
Museo Picasso Málaga (Málaga's
Picasso Museum), on one of the
streets that best preserves its
original structure.
 
The church has three naves, the
central one being covered by a
barrel vault and lunettes set off by
mouldings. The church is very
bright because of the alternating
spans in the arches that rest on
Corinthian pilasters thought to be
in the style of José Martín de
Aldehuela.  
http://www.malagaturismo.com/en/tourist-resources
/detail/convento-de-san-agustin-church/247

Spania_Malaga
De lå et stort cruiseskip i havna.
De ville vi se nærmere på.

På veien var vi innom en
restauranten Kaleido
og kjøpte is, og noe å drikke til
den
.


 Spania_Malaga
Kurs i seiling

 Spania_Malaga_Ventura
Grete foran cruiseskipet Ventura
Ventura in numbers 
116,017 Tons | 3,078 Guests | 1,205 Crew


 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Så gikk vi til stranda. På tide med litt bading og soling.

 Spania_Malaga_Ventura_og_strandliv
Det var en fin, varm søndag ettermiddag og ganske mange hadde
funnet veien ned til stranda.

Mandag 14. mars 2014

Værmeldingen sa at det skulle skye til.
Det gjorde det heldigvis ikke,
men lufta ble litt kjøligere enn dagen før.
Vi hadde ikke bestemte planer for dagen, men det ble til at
vi tok en tur til opp til Gibralfaro.
Etterpå gikk vi ned på stranda igjen.

                   Spania_Malaga_ciudad_genial
Spania_Malaga_Calle-Don-Juan-de-Malaga

Malagas smaleste gate?
Spania_Malaga_Calle-Don-Juan-de-Malaga

Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro_116moh

Så høyt kommer man med bil og
buss.

Spania_Malaga_Monte_Gibralfaro_sykkelstativ
Med sykkel eller til fots kommer man
noen meter høyere.

Norwegian Epic: lengde 327,49 m, bredde 40,54 m, fart 22 knop,
passasjerer 4100 og et mannskap på 1708

 

 Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro_utsikt_mot_havna
Utsikten er fin. Dagens cruiseskip er Norwegian Epic.

 Spania_Malaga_Monte_Gibralfaro
Mount Gibralfaro, Spanish:
Monte Gibralfaro, is a hill located
in Málaga in southeast Spain.
It is a 130 m high foothill of the
Montes de Málaga,
part of the Cordillera Penibética.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibralfaro
Spania_Malaga_Monte_Gibralfaro
Karl Martin er på vei ned igjen fra
toppen av Monte Gibralfaro

Tyrefekterarenaen
La Malagueta itself was built in 1874, by the architect Joaquín Rucoba.
The first fight took place on 11th June 1876, and the matadors who fought were
Rafael Molina, Antonio Carmona, Luque El Gordito, and Manuel Rodriguez.
A century later in 1976 the site was declared an Historic Artistic Monument,
and in 1981, it was declared an Official Site of Cultural Interest.
http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/plaza-de-toros.htm

 Spania_Malaga_Monte_Gibralfaro
Skog på Monte Gibralfaro
Spania_Malaga_Grete
Spania_Malaga_Gibralfaro
Vi var en tur inne på Castillo de Gibralfaro også.

 Spania_Malaga_ukjent_sti_Gibralfaro
Vi fant en lite brukt sti ned fra Gibralfaro. Vi regna med at den førte
ned til byen. Stien ble smalere og smalere, men vi kom ned.

Den ukjente stien førte ned
til en kirkegård.
Kirkegården fotograferes
av Grete.
Denne gangen fra utsiden
av gjerdet.

Spania_Malaga_Grete_fotograferer

English Cemetery

When William Mark arrived in Malaga in 1816 to take up his post as British Consul,
he was astonished and horrified to learn that in Spain burial in consecrated ground
was reserved exclusively for Catholics. Protestants were buried without rites and in
Malaga the burials were bizarre. 
http://www.andalucia.com/cities/malaga/english-cemetery/cemetery-history.htm
The English Cemetery in Malaga is the oldest Protestant cemetery on mainland Spain.
Established in January 1831 at the behest of the then British Consul, William Mark
who successfully appealed to the Governor for a piece of land on which to provide
British subjects of the protestant faith with a decent burial.

http://www.significantcemeteries.org/2013/07/the-english-cemetry-malaga-spain.html
Spania_Malaga_paella
Paella på Chiringuito Tropicana,
Malagueta

Spania_Malaga_hindugud


 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
A little history of Spanish Paella. It originates from a region of Spain called
Valencia, which is in Eastern Spain. These days paella can be found in most
Western countries, from the Americas to Europe, and it is especially popular in
Spain. The recipe has expanded over the years, and now many different
varieties of paella are passed off as authentic.
The most commonly accepted story of paella’s origins is that servants would take
the leftovers from Moorish royal banquets and cook it up over open fires into
delicious dishes they would take home to their families. The word “paella” may
come from the Arab word “baqiyah”, which means “leftovers”. However,
another speculation is that the word “paella” is derived from a Latin word
“patella”, which was a flat plate used for religious offerings made to gods. One thing
we know for sure is that paella gained popularity in the mid-nineteen hundreds
when paella became a popular dish served to laborers. The workers would
gather midday, combine leftovers with rice, and cook over an open fire. It is
believed that most paella dishes at the time consisted of snails and whatever
vegetables the workers could scrounge up, and meats like chicken or rabbit
were only added for special occasions. 

http://www.thehungrycuban.com/the-history-of-spanish-paella/

 Spania_Malaga_Malagueta
Grete leker seg på stranda
Spania_Malaga_ettermiddag_i_havna
Det går mot kveld i havna
Spania_Malaga_amaretto
Dette var den siste kvelden vår i
Malaga. I hvertfall for denne gang.
Neste morgen skulle vi reise
videre til Cordoba.

Vi tok avskjed med havna med
et glass amaretto.
The name amaretto originated as a diminutive of the Italian word amaro,
meaning "bitter",
which references the distinctive flavour lent by the mandorla
amara (the bitter almond) or
by the drupe kernel. However, the bitterness is not
unpalatable, and sweeteners—and

sometimes sweet almonds—enhance the flavour in the final products.
Thus one can
interpret the liqueur's name as a description of the taste as
"a little bitter".
  Conflation of amaro ("bitter") and amore ("love") has led to
associations  with romance.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amaretto
Tirsdag 15. mars 2016

Etter ti netter i Malaga var det tid for å flytte nordover.
Vi tok tog til Cordoba. Der skulle vi være to netter.


Togturen til Cordoba tar ca 1 time.

Fra jernbanestasjonen i Cordoba til hotel Eurostar Palace
var det bare 700 meter, så den strekningen gikk vi.
Ut fra stasjonen tok vi feil vei, så for oss ble det noe lenger.


Vi kom så tidlig til Cordoba at vi rakk å se litt av bymuren, Alcazar
de los Reyes Cristianos, Puente Romano og Torre de la Calahorra i
løpet av dagen.


 Spania_Madrid_Mari-Zambrano
Det nærmeste vi kommer Orientexpressen.
Cafeen er på Maria Zambrano, jernbanestasjonen i Malaga
.

 Spania_Cordoba_bymuren
Cordoba will forever bear the imprint which its Roman, Moorish and Christian rulers
left on the city, adapting its streets to its city walls. The Romans proved to be the most
influencial, and their layout of the main city lasts to this day. Their walls were
maintained by the Moors and later Christian rulers. Extensive portions of these
walls still stand today. Below is a map of this historic walled city, followed by an
article describing the history of Cordoba and its walls:

http://www.infocordoba.com/spain/andalusia/cordoba/city_walls.htm#roman
Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos

The Alcazar (of the Christian Kings)
features a castle its delightful
gardens and a moorish bathhouse.
This is a very popular monument.

A Muslim Alcazar once stood where the
Episcopal Palace is today - this building
was reformed in the Baroque period
and was recently reconditioned in
order to house the Diocesan Museum.
Alongside this museum,
the Exhibition Palace occupied what
used to be the Church of San Jacinto
and the Hospital of San Sebastian,
an outstanding construction
opposite the Mosque featuring a
portico that stands out among the
Gothic jewels in Cordoba.
Inside, in the
Romero de Torres hall,

Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos
one can admire interesting 16th century frescoes.

Despite originating from the Christian era, these gardens are typically Moorish in 
design with ponds, fountains and aromatic plants. Adjacent to the gardens are the 
Royal Stables which extend to encompass the Gardens of the 
Campo Santo de los Márties.

The castle is almost a perfect square in plan of 4.100 square metres. It was 
rebuilt in 1327 by King Alfonso XI. His aim was to bring European Gothic 
architecture to the town. The castle walls connect the four (now three) 
corner towers by walkways or allures protected by battlements with prism shaped 
blocks.  http://www.andalucia.com/cities/cordoba/alcazar.htm


 Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos
Alcazar de los Reyos Cristianos

 Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos
This work —one of the most important of the Roman Empire— represents a love scene
inspired by the Hellenistic poem "The Cyclops". It is a mythological work that served as
an inspiration to the Cordoban poet and dramatist Luis de Góngora y Argote to write
the fable "Polyphemus and Galatea".
http://www.alcazardelosreyescristianos.cordoba.es/?id=640&lang=3

 Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos
The gardens of the Alcázar stand on the site of the former vegetable gardens of the
Alcázar, which were surrounded by the walls of the fortress. They were supplied with
water from the river via a complex irrigation system.

http://www.alcazardelosreyescristianos.cordoba.es/?id=601




Christopher Columbus wins the Spanish monarchs' support


After years of waiting, and with the help of a former official of Isabel and monk
from La Rábida monastery, he was able to gain another hearing in 1491 with
Isabel's royal commission in Santa Fe, outside the besieged Granada. They
considered his project once more, and once more it was rejected. Columbus set
out again for Cordoba, from whence he planned to travel north to make an appeal
to the king of France.


 Spania_Cordoba_Alcazar-de-los-Reyes-Christianos

 Christopher Columbus wins the Spanish monarchs' support

Luckily for Columbus (and for the Spanish monarchs), the shrewd King Ferdinand
intervened, causing a last-minute about-face which sent messengers scrambling after
Columbus to bring him back to court. They didn't think Columbus would come back
alive from his expedition, but they certainly didn't want to lose out on the benefits if
he did. Perhaps their lack of faith in the voyage was why they granted him 10% of
the profits, noble status and hereditary governorship of the new territories to him
and his descendants if he succeeded.

Columbus pays one last visit to family in Cordoba before his historic voyage

April 17, 1492 Ferdinand and Isabel signed the formal agreement with Columbus, who
left Granada in May. On his way to the Huelva coast, where he would outfit his expedition,
he passed through Cordoba to see Beatriz and his son Hernando, then 5. No doubt he
wondered if it would be the last time he saw them. Three months later, on
August 3, his expedition set out from Palos on the Niña, Pinta and Santa Maria
and sailed into the unknown.

Spania_Cordoba_delfinfontene
På plassen med statuen av
engelen
Gabriel og
Puerta Puente står denne
skulpturen av
en gutt på en delfin.
The Tower of La Calahorra rises up at the south of the Roman bridge, the far end
from the city centre. It is a fortified gate originally built by the Moors (Almohads)
and extensively restored by King Enrique II of Castile in 1369 to defend the city
from attack by his brotherPedro I the Cruel from the South. It was origionally an
arched gate between two towers. Enrique II added a third cylindrical shaped
tower connecting the outer two.

In the 18th century it was used as a prison and in the 19th century it was a girls
school. The tower was declared a national monument in 1931. the restoration of
the tower and the Romain bridge and the surrounding area in 2007 was awarded
the EU prize for cultural heratige "Europa Nostra" in 2014. 

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/cordoba/calahorra.htm

 Spania_Cordoba
Puente Romano. På den andre siden av broa ligger Torre de la Calahorra.

 Spania_Cordoba

The Roman bridge which, according to the Arab geographer, Al-drisi 'surpasses all
other bridges in beauty and solidity', reflects little of its Roman roots, owing to
frequent reconstruction over many decades. In the centre of the eastern side's stone
handrails there is a little shrine to St Raphael, at whose feet the devout burn candles.

It is, of course, unlikely that much of the original structure stands. The present
structure is a medieval reconstruction, though the 19th-century cobbled paving
does give a Roman feel. There is an irregular pattern to the 16 arches in size and
abutment protections.   http://www.andalucia.com/cities/cordoba/romanbridge.htm

Spania_Cordoba_Torre-del-la-Calahorra_la-musica
Spania_Cordoba_Torre-del-la-Calahorra
It currently houses the Museo
Vivo de Al-Andaluz . This
fascinating museum
is particularly educational with
audio visual presentations which vividly
depict how life was in
Cordoba around the 10th
 Century AD when three cultures
lived side by side Christianity,
Muslim and Judaism.

Spania_Cordoba_Torre-del-la-Calahorra_la-musica
There is a scale model of the
Mosque as it was ini Mooris times before
the cathedral was constructed.

http://www.andalucia.com/cities/cordoba
/calahorra.htm


 Spania_Cordoba_Torre-del-la-Calahorra
Visitors are also able to go on the roof for a spectacular view of the mosque
and the city.

Spania_Cordoba_katedralen
En dør inn til Mezquita

Vi var en tur inn i hagen
utenfor katedralmoskeen. 
Det var blitt langt
på dagen, og vi regnet med å
bruke litt tid inne i Mezquita.

Dessuten hadde vi
allerede sett mye i Cordoba og
trengte å fordøye inntrykkene
før et besøk i Mezquita.

Derfor gikk vi ikke inn denne
ettermiddagen.

Onsdag 16. mars 2016

 Spania_Cordoba_fra_hotellet
Utsikt fra rommet vårt på hotel Eurostar Palace. Vi bodde midt i en
stor rundkjøring, men hotellet var godt isolert og vi var ikke plaget av
trafikkstøy

Spania_Cordoba
Spania_Cordoba
Badet på hotel Eurostar Palace
Spania_Cordoba
Cordoba was founded by the
Romans and due to its strategic
importance as the highest
navigable point of the Guadalquivir
River, it became a port city of great
importance, used for shipping
Spanish olive oil, wine and
wheat back to Ancient Rome.
The Romans built the mighty bridge
crossing the river, now called "El
Puente Romano". But Cordoba's
hour of greatest glory was when it
became the capital of the Moorish
kingdom of El-Andalus, and this was
when work began on the Great
Mosque, or "Mezquita", which – after
several centuries of additions and
enlargements – became one of the
largest in all of Islam.


When the city was reconquered
by the Christians in 1236, the new
rulers of the city were so awed by its beauty that they left it standing, building their
cathedral in the midst of its rows of arches and columns, and creating the extraordinary
church-mosque we see today.
As well as the unique mosque-cathedral, Cordoba's treasures include the Alcazar, or Fortress, built by the Christians in 1328; the Calahorra Fort,
originally built by the Arabs, which guards the Roman Bridge, on the far side of
the river from the Mezquita, and the ancient Jewish Synagogue, now a museum.
Cordoba's medieval quarter, once the home of the Jewish community, is called
"La Judería" (The Jewry), a labyrinth of winding, narrow streets, shady flower-filled
courtyards and picturesque squares such as La Plaza del Potro.
In early May, homeowners proudly festoon their patios with flowers to compete for the
city's "most beautiful courtyard" contest
http://www.andalucia.com/cities/cordoba.htm
The Synagogue, situated in the
heart of the Jewish Quarter of
Cordoba, is unique in Andalusia
and one of the three best preserved
Medieval synagogues in the whole
of Spain. According to the
inscriptions found in the building,
it was built between the years
1314 and 1315, and was in
constant useright up until the
Jews were finally expelled from
Spain. A small courtyard leads
to a narrow entrance hall. 
On the right, a staircase leads to
the women's area and in front
lies the main hall, which is
rectangular in shape and
decorated with Mudejar-style
plant motifs. The wall supporting
the women's tribune has three
arches with exquisite decorative
plasterwork.
The Jews were
expelled in 1492, and afterwards,
the building was used first as a
hospital, then as the Hermitage
of San Crispin and finally, an
infants' school. It was declared a
National Monument at the end of
the 19th century. 

http://english.turismodecordoba.org/seccion
/synagogue

Spania_Cordoba_la-Sinagoga


Spania_Cordoba_la-Sinagoga


 Spania_Cordoba

 Spania_Cordoba

Patio de los Naranjos

This lovely courtyard, with its
orange, palm and cypress trees
and fountains, forms the entrance
to the Mezquita.
It was formerly the site of ritual
ablutions before prayer in the
mosque. Its most impressive
entrance is the Puerta del
Perdón, a 14th-century Mudéjar
archway in the base of the bell
tower. The ticket office is just
inside here.

Read more: http://www.lonelyplanet.
com/spain/andalucia/cordoba/sights/
religious/mezquita#ixzz49gLOc5hE
Spania_Cordoba_la-Mezquita


 Spania_Cordoba_la-Mezquita
Mezquita

The Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba is the most important monument
of all the Western Islamic world, and one of the most amazing in
 the world. The evolution of the “Omeya” style in Spain is resumed
in the history of the Mosque of Cordoba, as well as other styles
such as the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque of the Christian
architecture.

It seems as if the place that the Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba
occupies nowadays was dedicated, from ancient times, to the
cult of different divinities. In this same place, and during the
Visigoth occupation, another building was constructed, the
“San Vicente” Basilic. On top of this basilic and after paying
half of the site, the primitive Mosque was


http://www.catedraldecordoba.es/
Elmonumento.asp?idp=7&pag=1
Spania_Cordoba_la-Mezquita
Spania_Cordoba_la-Mezquita
Mezquita
  • The Mezquita Cathedral is one of a
    kind and a unique place for Muslims
    as well as Christians.
  • The construction of the Mosque
    began in 786 A.D. and enlargements
    were carried out by four different
    Umayyad Rulers.
  • It is made up of a courtyard
    and a prayer hall, divided into
    nineteen naves running lengthwise.
  • Since its beginnings, the Mosque
    has been the biggest building of
    its kind in the western Muslim world.
  • This building had not only religious
    but also social, cultural
    and political manifestations.
  • The first Eucharistic ceremony of the
    Dedication of the Catedral was celebrated in 1236.
  • The construction of Main Chapel,
    transept and Choir was initiated in 1523.
  • It was built in Renaissance style and was
    designed by the architects Hernán Ruiz I,
    II and III, Diego de Praves and Juan de Ochoa.
  • The impressive choir stalls around the
    High Altar were designed by Duque Cornejo.
  • On both sides of the temple a number of
    Chapels are located, which were built to
    satisfy the desire of fervent Catholics to
    be buried in the Cathedral.
  • http://www.catedraldecordoba.es/
  • Elmonumento.asp?idp=7&pag=1

Spania_Cordoba_la-Mezguita

Today, Mihrabs vary in size, are
usually ornately decorated and
often designed to give the
impression of an arched doorway
or a passage to Mecca.

In exceptional cases, the mihrab
does not follow the qibla
direction. One example is the
Mezquita of Córdoba, Spain
that points south instead of
southeast. Among the
proposed explanations, there
is the localization
of theancient Roman cardo
street besides the old temple
the Mezquitawas built upon.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Mihrab


 Spania_Cordoba_varetransport
Varetransport i gamlebyen

 Spania_Cordoba_tempel
Next to the Town Hall of Cordoba stands the only Roman temple in Cordoba for
which we have archaeological evidence. The sheer size of the building is remarkable:
it was dedicated to the cult of the Emperor, and along with the Circus Maximus,
formed part of the Provincial Forum. It originally stood on a raised podium and had
six free-standing Corinthian columns in the entrance. In front of this was the ara
or altar. The present reconstruction was carried out by the architect Félix Hernández,
and has left Cordoba yet another reminder of the splendour of the city in Roman
times. Some of the original pieces from the museum are on display in the
Archaeological Museum or in unusual but attractive places dotted around
the city, like the fluted column lying in Plaza de la Doblas.

http://english.turismodecordoba.org/seccion/roman-temple
Torsdag 17. mars 2016

Farvel til Cordoba. Madrid neste stopp.
Reisen tok i underkant av to timer med tog.
Farten var neste 300km/t det meste av veien og det var en meget
behagelig reise.


Vi var fullstendig ukjente i Madrid, og derfor tok vi taxi fra stasjonen
til hotellet.
Hotel Avenida Gran via var et mye enklere hotell enn det
vi kom fra, men helt ok.

Avenida Gran Via (Storgata) som er en av hovedgatene i byen var bare
50 meter unna. Det gjelder å bo sentralt.


Etter innsjekking på hotellet gikk vi ut for å gjøre oss kjente i nærområdet.

Fra hotellet var det gangavstand til Puerta del Sol, Plaza Mayor,
Palacio Real og mange stor butikker og kjøpesentre.


 Spania_Cordoba_farvel_Eurostar
Vi går fra hotel Eurostar Palace

 Spania_Madrid
Plaza Oriente og Palacio Real

Visitors to Spain's capital city are often puzzled to discover that the Plaza de Oriente
is located in the west of Madrid, while its name suggests an eastern setting.
However, it lies on the east side of the Palacio Real, and that is why it is so named.

Juan Bautista Sachetti, who designed the Palacio Real, had plans to build a large
square in front of the palace in the 18th century. However, the plans were not
realised until King Joseph I, Napoleon Bonaparte's brother, ruled Spain from
1808 to 1813. The unplanned scrabble of houses then occupying the eastern side
of the palace, some 56 in total, which included a church and several convents, as
well as a library, were cleared for the project.

Taking centre stage of Plaza de Oriente is a huge statue of Felipe IV astride a horse
that was modelled from an art piece by Veláquez. It stands on a large pedestal and
is indeed a striking sculpture.

http://www.gomadrid.com/sights/plaza-de-oriente.html



 Spania_Madrid_Catedral-de-la-Almudena
Santa Maria la Real de Almudena

The principle church of the Diocese of Madrid, the Catedral de Santa María la
Real de la Almudena, is a relatively modern building, started in 1883 and not completed
until 1993. Remarkable as it may seem, the delay until such recent
times in the building of a cathedral in the capital can largely be attributed to
the fact that Madrid was part of the Archdiocese ofToledo, which was reluctant
 to relinquish it.

Plans for the building were, however, progressed when Pope Leo XIII separated
the capital from Toledo in the creation of the Diocese of Madrid-Alcalá. Until the current
building was completed, the Cathedral was temporarily housed in the
Jesuit College church of San Isidro. Alumeda was finally consecrated in 1993 by
Pope John Paul II, and remains the only Spanish cathedral to have been
 consecrated by a Pope. http://www.gomadrid.com/sights/catedral-almudena.html


 Spania_Madrid_Plaza-Mayor
Plaza Mayor

The Plaza Mayor is Madrid's main square. It is located right in the centre of
the city, just a few minutes walk from the Puerta del Sol.

Despite the rather high prices charged by the restaurants and cafés under
the arches that skirt the square, this is still a marvellous place to sit out, try
some good Spanish wine, sample some tasty tapas and watch the passers-by.
http://www.gomadrid.com/sights/plaza-mayor.html


 Spania_Madrid_hotel-Avenida
Gata Mesonero Romanos med hotell Avenida som vi bodde på.

Puerta del Sol
This is Madrid's most famous and most central square, located just a short walk
from the Plaza Mayor. Originally it was the site of one of the city's gates, which
faced the east and was adorned with an image of the sun, hence the square's name. 

The square is actually almost semi-circular in shape and owes its current form
to the major renovation work carried out between 1854 and 1860.

http://www.gomadrid.com/sights/puerta-del-sol.html
Spania_Spania_Madrid_Puerto_Sol
Spania_Spania_Madrid_Puerto_Sol
Kveld på Puerta del Sol.
Om kvelden kom alle gateselgerne fra.
Livlig salg av sko og vesker bl.a.



 Spania_Spania_Madrid_Puerto_Sol
Karl Martin ser på veskeselgerne.

Madrid (/məˈdrɪd/, Spanish: [maˈðɾið], locally: [maˈðɾiθ, -ˈðɾi]) is the capital of Spain,
and the largest municipality of the Community of Madrid. The population of the city
is almost 3.2 million with a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.5 million.
It is the third-largest city in the
European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan area is the third-largest
in the European Union after London andParis. Located in south-western Europe, the city
spans a total of 604.3 km2 (233.3 sq mi).

The city is located on the Manzanares in the centre of both the country and the Community of
Madrid (which comprises the city of Madrid, its conurbation and extended suburbs and villages);
this community is bordered by the autonomous communities of Castile and León and
Castile-La Mancha.
As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch,
Madrid is also the political, economic and cultural centre of Spain.

The first documented reference of the city originates in Andalusan times as the
 Arabic مجريط Majrīṭ (AFI [maʤriːtˁ]), which was retained in Medieval Spanish as
Magerit ([maʤeˈɾit]). A wider number of theories
have been formulated on possible earlier origins.

According to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor (son of King Tyrrhenius
of Tuscany and Mantua) and was named "Metragirta" or "Mantua Carpetana".
Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria" ("land of bears" in Latin),
because of the many bears that were to be found in
the nearby forests, which, together with the strawberry tree (Spanish madroño), h
ave been the emblem of the city from the Middle Ages

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrid

 Spania_Madrid
Spekeskinkebutikk
Fredag 18. mars 2016

Vi reiste med Madrid City Tour på sightseeing i Madrid.
Første stedet vi gikk av var ved det kongelige slott.
Det var åpent for publikum denne dagen.



The Royal Palace (Palacio Real in Spanish) is not the official residence of his
Majesty the King of Spain, but rather where state ceremonies, official banquets and
other state functions take place. The King lives inZarzuela Palace, which is just outside
of Madrid.

The current Royal Palace, was built on the site of the old Alcázar which was destroyed
by fire on Christmas Eve 1734. King Felipe V decided to build a palace for his Borbon
dynasty. The Italian Filippo Juvara was selected to design the new palace and his plans
were to create a grand palace along the lines of France's Versailles. All construction was
vaulted in stone and brick, not wood, so that any fire could destroy it. 

The works were carried out between 1738 and 1755, Carlos III established his
residence there in 1764.  
http://www.madridtourist.info/royal_palace.html

 Spania_Madrid_Palacio-Real
Grete på slottsplassen
Spania_Madrid_Palacio-Real
Slottsplassen
Spania_Madrid_Palacio-Real
Inne på slottet

Fra slottet tok vi bussen til Prado-museet.
Vi var ikke inne der, men fortsatte til den botaniske hagen.
Det var litt for tidlig på året, ikke så mye blomster enda.


The Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid is an 8-hectare botanical garden located at
Murillo Square, in front of the 
Prado Museum. 

The garden was founded on 1755, by King Ferdinand VI, and installed in the Orchard of
Migas Calientes, near what today is called Puerta de Hierro, on the banks of the
Manzanares River. It contained more than 2,000 plants.

Spania_Madrid_Botanisk_Hage_Stubing.
Spania_Madrid_Botanisk_Hage_Stubing
I botanisk hage var det en
utstilling av
glassprodukter med motiv av
forskjellige planter.

In 1774 King Charles III ordered the garden moved to its current location, with
design by architects Francesco Sabatini and Juan Villanueva that organized
the garden into three tiered terraces, arranging plants according to the method of
Linnaeus. Its mission was not only to exhibit plants, but also to teach botany, promote
expeditions for the discovery of new plant species and classify them. 
http://www.madridtourist.info/botanical_garden.html
Fra Botanisk Hage gikk vi til Retiroparken
 Spania_Madrid_Retiroparken
Close to the northern entrance of the park is a large artificial lake, the Retiro Pond.
Next to it is the monument to King Alfonso XII, featuring a semicircular colonnade
and an equestrian statue of the monarch on the top of a tall central core.

http://www.madridtourist.info/buen_retiro_park.html

The Buen Retiro Park ("Park of the Pleasant Retreat", in english) is the first
biggest park of Madrid city. It has 1.4 km2 (350 acres) at the edge of the
city center. The park belonged to the Spanish Monarchy until the late 19th
century, when it became a public park. It's a magnificent park, filled with
beautiful sculpture and monuments, galleries, a peaceful lake and host to a
variety of events. 

History of the park:

The park was born in 1630-1640, when Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of
Olivares, gave the king Philip IV several tracts of land in the vicinity for
the Court's recreational use.

Philip V (1700–1746) ordered the creation of a parterre, the only French-style
garden in the complex. During the reign of Ferdinand VI, Buen Retiro was
the setting for magnificent Italian operas. Charles III (1759–1788) saw to the
beautification of its perimeter, replacing the old walls with elegant
wrought-iron railings. Juan de Villanueva's Astronomical Observatory was
built during the reign of Charles IV (1788–1808).

http://www.madridtourist.info/buen_retiro_park.html
Så gikk vi på sightseeingbussen igjen
Spania_Madrid_Santiago-Bernabeu
The Santiago Bernabéu Football Stadium
is Real Madrid's home ground. It is a
UEFA-classified Elite Stadium, awarded
the top 5-star status in 2007.


The works started on a bare patch of ground
 on October 27th, 1944. The inauguration of
the stadium, then called Chamartín Stadium
(because it's located in Chamartín district),
took place on 14 December 1947. 

Eight years later on January 4th, 1955,
Real Madrid changed the name of the stadium
to its current name in honor of Santiago
Bernabéu, the club's president at the time.

http://www.madridtourist.info/bernabeu_stadium.html


 Spania_Madrid_b-bike
Nytt framkomstmiddel

 Spania_Madrid_lion
The Cibeles Square is found at the intersection of Alcala Street (which crosses from
west to east), the Paseo de Recoletos (heading north to link up with the Paseo de la
Castellana) and the Paseo del Prado(south, towards the fountain of Neptune).
This place, one of the most symbolic of the capital, divides the district boundaries
Centro, Retiro and Salamanca. 

In the center of square, is situated the famous fountain of Cibeles, sculpted in 1782,
from a design by Ventura Rodríguez. It is a neo-classical complex of marble sculpture
that has become an iconic symbol for the city of Madrid. 

The fountain of Cibeles has been adopted by the Football Club Real Madrid, whose
fans use the area to celebrate its triumphs in competitions. 

Each of the four corners of the square is dominated by landmark buildings,
built during the late 18th and early 20th centuries.
  http://www.madridtourist.info/
cibeles_square.html


 Spania_Madrid_kong-Carlos-porten
 
The "Alcalá Gate" (in Spanish, La Puerta de Alcalá) soon became one of Madrid's
symbols and it is one of the most well-known monuments. It is now classified as a
National Monument. 


It is a Neo-classical granite monument in the Plaza de la Independencia square.
It stands near the city center and several meters away from the main entrance to the
Buen Retiro Park. The square is bisected by Alcalá Street, although the street itself
doesn't cross through the monument. 


It was designed by Italian architect Francesco Sabatini in 1764 (with the King
Charles III).

Charles III ordered it to be built in the city wall, which marked the eastern boundary.
http://www.madridtourist.info/alcala_gate.html
Lørdag 19. mars 2016

Mesteparten av dagen var vi i Pradomuseet.
Det ble tid til et besøk i Thyssen-Bornemisza-museet også.
Spania_Madrid_Gran-Via_metrostasjon
The Madrid Metro (Spanish: Metro de
Madrid) is a metro system serving the city
of Madrid, capital of Spain. The system is
the 8th longest metro in the world, though
Madrid is approximately the fiftieth most
populous metropolitan area in the world.

Its fast growth in the last 20 years
has also put it among the fastest
growing networks in the world,
rivalling many Asian metros
such as the Shanghai Metro,
Guangzhou Metro, Beijing Subway
or the Delhi Metro. Unlike normal
Spanish road and rail traffic, which
uses right hand drive, Madrid Metro
trains use left-hand running on all
lines for historical reasons.
The Madrid Metro operates every
day from 6 am until 1:30 am
.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrid_Metro

Spania_Madrid_Prado
Litt kø var det, men det gikk fort unna.
Prado

The building that today houses the Museo Nacional del Prado was
designed by architect Juan de Villanueva in 1785. It was constructed
to house the Natural History Cabinet, by orders of King Charles III.
However, the building's final purpose - as the new Royal Museum of
Paintings and Sculptures - was the decision of the monarch's grandson,
King Ferdinand VII, encouraged by his wife Queen Maria Isabel de Braganza.
The Royal Museum, soon quickly renamed the National
Museum of Paintings and Sculptures and subsequently the Museo
Nacional del Prado, opened to the public for the first time in
November 1819.
https://www.museodelprado.es/en/museum
Spania_Madrid_Prado_Jomfruen-fra-Granada
Spania_Madrid_Prado_Jomfruen-fra-Granada
Vi har fotografert en reklameplakat,
ikke orginalbildet.


Created in 1988, the Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection Foundation
pioneered a new formula for the private management of public
assets in Spain, and its efficacy has been apparent ever since the
museum opened its doors in October 1992.
http://www.museothyssen.org/en/thyssen/acerca_del_museo
Spania_Madrid_Thyssen_the-grey-house_Chagall
Spania_Madrid_Thyssen_the-grey-house_Chagall


I butikken på Thyssen-Bornemisza solgte de sykkelvesker med motiv fra kjente
malere.
Det hadde vært gøy å kjøre rundt med SKRIK-sykkelveske, men prisen var for høy.

 Spania_Madrid_Thyssen_sykkel_med_Skriksykkelveske
Søndag 20. mars 2016

Dette skulle ha vært hjemreisedagen. Men sånn ble det likevel ikke.

Flyet vært skulle gå om ettermiddagen, så vi hadde ganske god tid.
Derfor tok vi en tur ned til Puerta del Sol
der vi kom over et historisk tablå,
opprørske bønder mot øvrigheten
.

Etterpå tok vi taxi ut til flyplassen.

                                             Spania_Madrid_Puerta-del-Sol

 Spania_Madrid_Puerta-del-Sol_kamper
Spania_Madrid_Puerta-del-Sol_bear_og_strawberry
The Puerta del Sol is also the location
of the most famous symbol of Madrid:
a 20 ton statue of a bear eating fruits
from a tree.

Spania_Madrid_Puerta-del-Sol
The official name of the statue is 'El Oso
y El Madroño'. According to legend the
original name of the city was "Ursaria"
("land of bears" in Latin), due to the
high number of these animals that were
found in the adjacent forests, which,
together with the arbutus ("madroño"
in Spanish), have been the emblem or
symbol (The Bear and the Strawberry
Tree) of the city from the Middle Ages.
http://www.madridtourist.info/puerta_del_sol.html

At Madrid Marriott Auditorium Hotel & Conference Center, located really close to the
Adolfo Suarez Madrid – Barajas Airport and Ifema Fair, you will find the perfect balance
between Business and Travel experience. A place with large and different spaces to celebrate
events and conferences thanks to the 56 pillar-free and the more than 15.000sq as well as the
Auditorium for up to 2000 people. Everything accompanied by an innovation and style
necessaries to enjoy the unforgettable experience of travel. Besides the hotel has been
renovated all the 869 rooms as well as the food & beverage areas with the Champion´s
Bar, Greatroom, Atrium Bar and a la carte restaurant called Kalma.

The new largest Marriott Hotel in Europe is a place where you will celebrate successfully
any kind of event thanks to the magic and inspiration that all spaces transmit, accessible
for all kind of exhibition materials, included vehicles as well as parking service with 1000 parking places and the free Wifi connection, shuttle, fitness center and indoor/outdoor swimming pool.
http://blog.hotelauditoriummadrid.com/en/home/
Spania_Spania_Madrid_flyplasskaos
Ved den oppgitte tiden for
ombordstigning kom meldingen om
at flyvningen til Oslo var kansellert
på grun av flygelederstreiken
i Frankrike

Spania_Spania_Madrid_hotellbuss
Vi måtte hente bagasjen vår, og vi ble
losa til en buss som tok oss til hotel
Auditorium.




Industrial action being taken by French air traffic controllers is already having a knock-on
effect in the UK as flights out of British airports were cancelled on Sunday. The strike is
planned for the next three days and is taking place against a cap on recruitment and
lack of investment in systems used by air traffic controllers.

EasyJet said that 82 of its flights on Sunday had been cancelled, 32 of which had been
scheduled to take off from UK airports. Not only flights heading into France are being
affected but other that were to fly through French airspace are being rerouted too.
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/flights-delayed-cancelled-french-air-traffic-controllers-start-3-day-strike-1550616

 Spania_Madrid_hotel_Auditorium
Hotel Auditorium


 Spania_Madrid_hotel_Auditorium
Hotel Auditorium
Mandag 21. mars 2016

Det var påskeuka, og fulle fly.
Til slutt fikk vi billetter med Air Brüssel,
via Brüssel til Oslo tirsdag 22. mars.

Mandagen tok vi en tur inn til Madrid.
Spania_Madrid_Plaza-Mayor
Spania_Madrid_Plaza-Mayor


 Spania_Madrid_Plaza-Mayor
Casa de la Panadería
The present building of the Casa de la
Panadería
stands at number 27 on the
north side of Madrid's
Plaza Mayor, just behind the central
statue of Felipe III. The original building
was a wooden construction designed
by Juan Gomez de Mora
and completed in 1619. It was destroyed
by fire in 1670 and was rebuilt by
Thomas Roman.
Claudio Coello and Jose Jimenez
Donoso were responsible for the
façade frescoes and interior
decoration.
Spania_Madrid_Plaza-Mayor
In 1790 there was another fire in the plaza. Juan de Villanueva was then
responsible for the reconstruction of the building. Today's structure is
mainly that design, but it has undergone several refurbishments since,
notably in 1880 under the direction of Joaquin Maria de la Vega.

In 1914 Enrique Guijo was commissioned to do decorative paintings on the
façade. By 1988 the decoration had deteriorated so much that the Madrid
City Council held a competition to find an artist to restore the façade.
A number of artists were invited to compete including Sigfrido
Begué Martin, Carlos Franco and Guillermo Pérez Villalta.
Carlos Franco was chosen for the task and the work was completed in 1992.  
http://www.gomadrid.com/sights/casa-de-la-panaderia.html
Spania_Madrid_Mercado-de-san-Miguel
The Mercado de San Miguel is an
historic and monumental market
infused with literary
retrospect located in the heart of
Madrid’s old quarter, an area with
genuine personality and
endless shopping, cultural and
entertainment options.
They are now writing a new page
in their history with the aim of
convening the finest shopkeepers,
professionals, experts and
enthusiasts in their respective
specialities.
The Mercado de San Miguel aims to become a Centre for Culinary Culture, where the
product is the key, together with the active presence of food- and gastronomy-related
functions and events. A meeting place for the consumer and the professional,
the gourmand, and those seeking information and counsel. A place where we can
continue to do our daily shopping, as well as participate in activities,
sample the products we are taking home with us, or simply drop in for a drink and
a bite to eat. A traditional market with all of the current-day advantages.
http://www.mercadodesanmiguel.es/en/the-market/

 Spania_Madrid_Mercado-de-san-Miguel
Mercado de San Miguel

 Spania_Madrid
Hus på Plaza de San Miguel
Spania_Madrid_Principe-de-Vergara_metro
Grete på Principe de Vergara
metrostasjon

Vi hadde tenkt å reise tilbake
til hotellet med offentlig
transport. Det vil si to
strekninger
med metro og så det siste
stykke
med buss.
Vi fant bussterminalen.
Den var stor, og akkurat da
kom det en voldsom regnbyge.
Så vi smatt inn i en taxi og
kjørte til hotellet.

Tirsdag 22. mars 2016

Vi skulle reist hjem, men kom ikke hjem nå heller pga dette:

A series of deadly explosions rocked Brussels on Tuesday, targeting
theBelgian capital's main airport and metro system.

Belgian officials said the bombings at Zaventem airport and the
Maelbeek metro station killed at least 34 people and injured more
than 230, according to reports. Officials raised the city's terror
threat level and shut down public transit after the blasts.

Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel called Tuesday a dark
moment for the country.
http://www.cnbc.com/2016/03/22/several-injured-after-explosions-at-brussels-airport-report.html

 Spania_Madrid_flyplassen_ombooking
Kø for ombooking. Og intervju med en fra Brüssel Airlines. 
Vi fikk billetter til samme  rute på torsdag.
Da skulle flyplassen i Brüssel være åpen igjen mente de.


Onsdag 23. mars 2016

Toledo, en gang Spanias hovedstad, ligger bare ca 1/2 time med tog
fra Madrid, så vi tok en tur dit.

Toledo var tydeligvis et populært reisemål. Det gikk tog dit hver time.
Det var ikke plass til oss på de to første, så det ble lenge å vente på
stasjonen i Madrid.

 Madrid_Estacion-de-Atocha
Madrid Atocha (Spanish: Estación de Madrid Atocha, also named Madrid
Puerta de Atocha) is the largest railway station in Madrid. It is the primary
station serving commuter trains (Cercanías), intercity and regional trains
from the south, and the AVE high speed
trains from Barcelona (Catalonia), Zaragoza (Aragon), Seville (Andalusia) and Valencia
(Levante Region). These train services are run by the Spanish
national rail company, Renfe.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrid_Atocha_railway_station


Spania_Madrid_Estacion-de-Atocha_skilpadder
Spania_Toledo

The Toledo railway station
 is a railway station in Toledo,
Spain, which was designed by
architect Narciso Clavería
y de Palacios in the
Neo-Mudéjar style.

The railway reached Toledo
in 1858.

The present station opened in 1919 or 1920, replacing the original station which
was of functional design.
The central section is flanked by two side naves,
one of which is adjacent to the clock tower, which imitates the style of
Toledo church towers.

The station has been declared a Property of Cultural Interest and classified as
a monument. It was restored in the twenty-first century in connection with the
inauguration of a high-speed service to Madrid in 2005.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toledo_railway_station

 Spania_Toledo
Toledo jernbanestasjon

 Spania_Toledo
Elva Tajo ved Toledo

The Tagus (Spanish: Tajo [ˈtaxo]; Portuguese: Tejo [ˈtɛʒu];
Latin: Tagus; Ancient Greek: Τάγος Tagos) is the longest river on the
Iberian Peninsula. It is 1,038 km (645 mi) long, 716 km (445 mi) in
Spain, 47 km (29 mi) along the border between Portugal and Spain
and 275 km (171 mi) in Portugal, where it empties into the Atlantic
Ocean near Lisbon.
It drains an area of 80,100 square kilometers (30,927 sq mi)
 (the second largest in the Iberian peninsula after the Douro).
The Tagus is highly utilized for most of its course.
Several dams and diversions supply drinking water to most of central
Spain, including Madrid, and Portugal, while dozens of hydroelectric
stations create power. Between dams it follows a very constricted
course, but after Almourol it enters a vast alluvial valley prone
to flooding. At its mouth is a large estuary on which the port city of
Lisbon is situated.

The source of the Tagus is the Fuente de García, in the Frías de
Albarracín municipal term, Montes Universales, Sistema Ibérico,
Sierra de Albarracín Comarca. All its major tributaries enter the
Tagus from the right (north) bank. The main cities it passes through are Aranjuez, Toledo, Talavera de la Reina and Alcántara in Spain,
and Abrantes,
Santarém, Almada and Lisbon in Portugal. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagus

Toledo (Spanish: [toˈleðo]) is a municipality located in central Spain, 70 km south
of Madrid. It is the capital of the province of Toledo and the autonomous
community of Castile–La Mancha. It was declared a World Heritage Site by
UNESCO in 1986 for its extensive cultural and monumental heritage and historical
co-existence of Christian, Muslim and Jewish cultures.

Toledo is known as the "Imperial City" for having been the main venue of the court
of Charles I, and as the "City of the Three Cultures", having been influenced by a
historical co-existence of Christians, Muslims andJews. In 1085, the city fell to
Alfonso VI of Castile as the first major city in the Christian Reconquista.
Toledo has a history in the production of bladed weapons, which are now
popular souvenirs of the city.

People who were born or have lived in Toledo include Brunhilda of Austrasia, Al-Zarqali,
Garcilaso de la Vega, Eleanor of Toledo, Alfonso X and
El Greco. It was also the place of important historic events such as theVisigothic
Councils of Toledo. As of 2015, the city has a population of 83,226[1] and an area
of 232.1 km2 (89.6 sq mi).
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toledo,_Spain

 Spania_Toledo
Toledo med Katedralen og Alcazar

PUERTA NUEVA

DE BISAGRA

Spania_Toledo
Of Arab origin, it was rebuilt by
Alonso de Covarrubias in
Renaissance-style, back in the
16th century. It has two sides.
The one that faces the city opens
up with a semicircular arch,
flanked by two square towers
with roofs and decorated with
the coat of arms of Charles I.

The outer side has an arch that bears the city's coat of arms.
This arch is flanked by two huge circular towers
.
http://www.spain.info/en/que-quieres/arte/monumentos/toledo/puerta_nueva_de_bisagra.html
to the right:

Puerta del Sol is a city gate of Toledo, Spain, built in the late 14th century by the
Knights Hospitaller.

The medallion above the arch of the gate depicts the ordination of the Visigothic
Ildephonsus, Toledo's patron saint. The name of the gate comes from the sun and
the moon that were once painted on either side of this medallion.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puerta_del_Sol,_Toledo




 Spania_Toledo
Puerta del Sol
Lunsj innenfor murene.
Vi spiste bacalao.
Spania_Toledo
Get lost. Take some time to lose yourself in Toledo's medieval streets. The
city is surrounded by the River Tajo on three sides and two medieval walls
on the fourth side. The old city is relatively small and can be crossed in
45 minutes, so you are never too far from the center. When you want to
head back, just head uphill and you are virtually guaranteed to end up at
the main plaza, Plaza de Zocodover. There is a "Land Train" operating from
the centre of the town. A good way to look around, particularly if you can't
walk too far.

 Spania_Toledo
Spania_Toledo_Garcilaso-de-la-Vega
(Toledo, 1501? - Niza, 1536) Poeta
renacentista español. Perteneciente a
una noble familia castellana, Garcilaso
de la Vega participó ya desde muy joven
en las intrigas políticas de Castilla.

http://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/g/
garcilaso.htm

Spania_Toledo_leyendas-Toledanas

Etter maskinoversttelse:
Den franske kapteinen ønsket å
stjele et kyss fra leppene til Elvira
de Castaneda. Øyeblikkelig falt
hansken til jarlen over hodet
hans.


CATEDRAL

DE TOLEDO


Spania_Toledo_Katedralen
Spania_Toledo_Katedralen

The temple was actually built on top of a Muslim mosque, and before that it had
been a church in the sixth century during the reign of the Visigoth King Recaredo.
King San Fernando and the archbishop began building the new church in 1226.
The fifteen chapels of the ambulatory were subsequently completed. In the year
1300 the transept nave was completed, although work continued on the church
for the next two centuries. The church has five naves and measures 120 metres
long and 59 metres wide. The roof is supported by 88 columns. The
polychromatic stained glass windows date back to the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth
centuries. The altarpiece in the main chapel has five sections, depicting scenes
from the New Testament, along with life-sized polychromatic sculptures made
of gilded wood.
It was commissioned by Cardinal Cisneros and made between 1497 and 1504.
The fifteenth century Santiago Chapel, has a flamboyant Gothic style and houses
the sarcophagi of Alvaro de Luna and his wife Juana de Pimentel.
The impressive choir is considered as one of the grandest in all
Christendom.
The grille that surrounds the choir is by Domingo de Cespedes.
The lower choir stalls were begun in the fifteenth century
depicting scenes of the surrender of cities and fortresses up
until the conquest of Granada. The upper choir stalls are made
up of 72 ceremonial chairs that were designed by Alonso de
Berruguete and Felipe Vigarni, in the sixteenth century.
The so called 'Ochavo' is a large sumptuous room from the
sixteenth century dedicated to the martyrs and witnesses of Christ,
housing invaluable works of art, such as the reliquary of San Luis,
a bust of St. John the Baptist and the cross of Cardinal Mendoza.
It is possible to view works by Lucas Jordan and el Greco in the
main sacristy.
http://www.spain.info/en/que-quieres/arte/monumentos/toledo/catedral_de_toledo.html

 Spania_Toledo

 Spania_Toledo
El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) was born around 1541 in Crete, which
was then part of the Republic of Venice. In his mid-twenties, he traveled to
Venice and studied under Titian, who was the most renowned painter of his
day. Around age 35, he moved to Toledo, Spain, where he lived and worked for
the rest of his life, producing his best-known paintings. His works from this
period are seen as precursors of both Expressionism and Cubism. He is
remembered chiefly for his elongated, tortured figures, often religious in
nature, the style of which baffled his contemporaries but helped establish his reputation in the years to come.
In Toledo, El Greco met Diego de Castilla, the dean of the Toledo Cathedral,
who commissioned El Greco to paint a group of works for the altar of the
church of Santo Domingo el Antiguo (such as The Trinity and The Assumption
of the Virgin, both 1579). Castilla also facilitated the commission of The
Disrobing of Christ (1579), and these paintings would become some of
El Greco’s most accomplished masterworks. (Unfortunately, the price
El Greco demanded for The Disrobing of Christ led to a dispute, and he
never received another comparable commission from Castilla again.)
 
http://www.biography.com/people/el-greco-9319123#finding-a-foothold-toledo-spain

 Spania_Toledo_katedralen_el-Greco
Malerier av El Greco (i Katedralen i Toledo)

 Spania_Toledo_Puente-de-Alcantara
Left:

On the highest hill of the city, at 548 m, the solitary rectangular
mass of the Alcázar dominates the horizon. It is one of the few
buildings outside of the city. The remains of earlier structures
indicate that it has always been a fortified location, since the days
of the Roman Praetorian and the defence of the Muslim fortress.

The present building was ordered to be built by emperor
Carlos V as a royal residence.
To do this, the previous medieval castle was almost completely
destroyed, although on the East facade there still remain
battlement structures. Each facade of the building shows the
artistic time in which it was constructed within the different
stages of the Spanish Renaissance.
http://www.toledo-turismo.com/zh/alc%C3%A1zar_241

 Spania_Toledo_Puente-de-Alcantara
Puente de Alcantara

Roman in origin and reconstructed during the Almanzor period. One of the entrances
to thetown.

During the Middle Ages merchandise and people went through this entrance to keep
control of who came into the town. On the eastern side there is a fortified entrance
crenelated with a half moon arch with another horseshoe arch inside. There is also
a statue of San Idelfonso and the coat of arms of the Catholic Monarchs.

Construction:Bridge

Artistic period:Gothic

Historic period:13th century

http://www.spain.info/en/que-quieres/arte/monumentos/toledo/puente_de_alcantara.html

 Spania_Toledo_Puente-de-Alcantara
Spania_Toledo_Puente-de-Alcantara
Karl Martin på
Puente de Alcantara

Vi var omboket til et fly via Brüssel på torsdag 24.3.
Da regnet de med at flyplassen skulle være åpen igjen. Dette var nok litt
optimistisk.Flyplassen ble ikke åpnet før 1.5
Vi fikk ordnet nye billetter med KLM til København via Amsterdam,
og fra København til
Oslo med SAS

Torsdag 24. mars 2016

Det hadde vært en fin Spaniatur, men likevel;
det var godt at vi endelig kom oss ombord på et fly på vei hjem.

Alt gikk etter ruta. Men det ble likevel en lang reise på grunn av lang
ventetid på Kastrup, København.
Heldigvis rakk vi flytoget fra Gardemoen
før de sluttet å gå for natta. Men det siste stykke hjem (Asker-Slemmestad)
måtte vi ta med taxi. Siste buss hadde gått.


Men alt i alt, til tross for forsinkelser, det var en fin tur!

 Spania_Madrid
Tekst: Grete og Karl Martin
Bilder: Karl Martin og Grete