Malaga en sen kveld i regn. Det var lørdagskveld og mye folk på byen.
Selv om det ikke var mer enn omkring 15 grader, ble det varmt i
bakken opp til Gibralfaro.
Utsikt over Malaga fra et utsiktspunkt på veien opp. Bak høyhusa ligger
Bortenfor stranda er havna. Den store båten er ei ferga over til Afrika.
You will find the Main Tower (Torre Mayor), 17 metres high, the Phoenician
well and the baths in this section. The Airón well was dug in solid rock to a
depth of 40 meters.
The lower part, or courtyard, held the troop barracks and stables.
The watchtower or White Tower (Torre Blanca), facing the North East, is
one of the most visible ones and inside you will find a water tank,
auxiliary buildings and storerooms.
Så gikk vi videre til stranda. Vi hadde ikke med badetøy, så noe bad ble det ikke.
LA MALAGUETAThis is a very large man made beach, it is accessed via the Pablo Picasso promenade
whose bars and restaurants are busy day and night. It has a view of the fishing area
where you can see the fisherman untangling their nets.
Grete tester badetemperaturen.
Karl Martin slapper av i den varme sanda.
There are a number of Chiringuitos offering a selection of drinks and Tapas.
Facilities include: disabled access, warning advice, hire of sunbeds and
parasols, parking, public telephone, showers, W.C and a children´s play area.
This beach is the closest to the city centre located to the east of the port.
Det var ikke den store dagen for dem som leier ut solsenger.
Været var fint, men vinden var litt for kald.
The lighthouse is La Farola, one of the most famous and historic of Spanish"La Farola Lighthouse id the work of Pery y Guzmán. Its construction was
lighthouses. There is a small information board by the side of it, which I shall
quote verbatim -
completed in 1817, being located at that time at the entrance to Malaga Port.
It stands 38 meters above the sea and its light theoretically reaches as far as
25 miles, with 3 + 1 flashes every twenty seconds.
På veien fra stranda og tilbake til sentrum kom vi forbi en kunstutstilling.
Kunstneren er Andres Serna.
in Malaga port, near the city centre. Billed as Europe's largest itinerant ferris
wheel, it opened in September 2015 and will be in situ until September 2016, or
possibly longer if the contract is extended again.
Vi begynte dagen med å hente billettene til Alhambra i Granada.
Dit skulle vi neste dag.
Vi var også innom turistinformasjonen for å få rutetabeller til buss og tog.
Det var flere byer i nærheten vi skulle besøke i løpet av ferien.
Været: opp til 13 grader, vind opp til 8 m/s.
En kort, men kraftig regnskur om formiddagen og en om kvelden.
Vi hadde tenkt å begynne dagenmed et besøk i Carmen-Thyssen museet.
Men museer har ofte stengt mandager, og sånn var det her også.
The Guadalmedina (from the Arabic wādi, “river” + medina, "city";
River of the City) is a river that runs through the city of Málaga, Spain.
Historically, it has played an important role in the city's history, and has
divided the city into two halves. The city’s historic center is located on its
It is a river subject to high seasonal variations and has five well defined
tributaries which have their sources in the Montes de Málaga range, the
Arroyo de las Vacas, Arroyo Chaperas, Arroyo Humaina, Arroyo Hondo and
Arroyo de Los Frailes. All of these rivers are dry most of the year.
Located in the mountains, the Limonero Dam on the Guadalmedina
provides water for the area.
|Vi gikk en tur
bortom elva som renner gjennom byen.
Det var ikke mye vann der nå.
|Så fortsatte vi til Alcazaba, den gamle borgen i Malaga.|
Pablo Picasso was born in Spain in 1881, and was raised there before going on to spend most of his adult life working as an artist in France. Throughout the long course of his career, he created more than 20,000 paintings, drawings, sculptures, ceramics and other items such as costumes and theater sets.
He is universally renowned as one of the most influential and celebrated
artists of the twentieth century.
Tirsdag den 8. var avsatt til en tur til Alhambra i Granada.
Billettene var kjøpt inn på internett. Det var begrensa hvor mange
som slapp inn hver dag. Det gjaldt særlig Palacios Nazaries,
Bussen til Granada tok litt over to timer, men det var interessant å se innlandet også,
små hvite byer, olivenskoger etc.
Fra bussterminalen tok vi taxi opp
til Alhambra. Alternativet var tre forskjellige busser. Det er ikke så enkelt med flere
bussbytter når man er helt ukjent på stedet.
Vi hadde billetter til kl 14. Klokka 12 30 var vi framme. Så vi rakk både å
spise lunsj og å se oss litt om i området før vi slapp inn på Alhambra.
Heldigvis var været fint, selm om det fortsatt var litt kald vind.
Det lå nysnø i fjellene rundt byen.
Sierra Nevada fra Granada
Vi slapp ikke inn på Alhambra før klokka 1400, men litt kunne vi se selv
Alhambra utenfor murene
|The name Alhambra
comes from an Arabic root which means
"red or crimson castle", perhaps due to the hue of the towers and walls that
surround the entire hill of La Sabica which by starlight is silver but by
sunlight is transformed into gold. But there is another more poetic version,
evoked by the Moslem analysts who speak of the construction of the Alhambra
fortress "by the light of torches", the reflections of which gave the walls their
particular coloration. Created originally for military purposes, the Alhambra
was an "alcazaba" (fortress), an "alcázar" (palace) and a small "medina" (city),
all in one. This triple character helps to explain many distinctive features of the
There is no reference to the Alhambra as being a residence of kings until the
13th century, even though the fortress had existed since the 9th century. The
first kings of Granada, the Zirites, had their castles and palaces on the hill of
the Albaicin, and nothing remains of them. The Nasrites were probably the
emirs who built the Alhambra, starting in 1238.
The founder of the dynasty, Muhammed Al-Ahmar, began with the restoration
of the old fortress. His work was completed by his son Muhammed II, whose immediate successors continued with the repairs. The construction of the
palaces (called Casa Real Vieja, "old Royal House or Palace") dates back to the
14th century and is the work of two great kings: Yusuf I and Muhammed V.
To the first we owe, among others, the "Cuarto de Comares" (Chamber of
Comares), the "Puerta de la Justicia" (Gate of Justice), the Baths and some
towers. His son, Muhammed V, completed the beautification of the palaces
with the "Cuarto de los Leones" (Chamber of the Lions), as well as other
rooms and fortifications.
Til venstre: Carlos V Palace
The construction of the Carlos V Palace was a consequence of the need to
have a place with all the comforts of that time for the Emperor and his
family, since the "Alcazar", which was his summer residence, did not
cover his needs.
Carlos V Palace
The building, cut-stone-made, has a square shape and it is 63 meters long
by 17,40 meters high at the main façades, with an inscribed circular shaped
courtyard in its interior, which resulted in a different, strange and unique floor
plan (never before such a building had been constructed), of very difficult use.
Til høyre (to the right):
The Court of the Myrtles (Patio de los Arrayanes) has received different names
throughout time. Its current name is due to the myrtle bushes that surround
the central pond and the bright green colour of which contrasts with the
white marble of the patio. It was also called the Patio of the Pond or the
Reservoir (Patio del Estanque o de la Alberca) because of the central pond,
which is 34 metres long and 7,10 meters wide.
The pond divides the patio and receives its water from two fountains (one at
each end of the pond). There are chambers on both sides of the patio and
several porticoes on the shorter sides of it. These porticoes rest on columns
with cubic capitals, which have seven semicircular arches decorated with
fretwork rhombuses and inscriptions praising God.
The central arch is greater than the other six and has solid scallops decorated
with stylised vegetal forms and capitals of mocarabes.
Palace of the Lions
The Nasrid Palaca
Alhambra fra Generalife
It occupied the slopes of the Hill of the Sun (Cerro del Sol), from which there
is a complete view over the city and the valleys of the rivers Genil and Darro.
There are different interpretations of the meaning of its name: the Governor's Garden, the Architect's (alarife) Garden, the Vegetable Garden of the Gypsy
Festivity Organiser, etc. The Generalife became a leisure place for the kings of Granada when they wanted to get away from the official affairs of the palace.
was built in the 13th century and it was redecorated
by the king
Abu I-Walid Isma'il (1313-1324), as it is explained by an inscription
that dates from 1319. This means that the Generalife was built before
the Comares Palace. In spite of it being very close to the Alhambra
and the close relationship between the two complexes, it is considered
to be outside the city. A rebellion against Mohammed V even broke
out in the Alhambra while he was in the Generalife.
The Alcazaba, a fortress, is one of the oldest part of the Alhambra, as is the
case of the Vermilion Towers (Torres Bermejas). It is thought that before it
was built and before the Muslims arrived to Granada, there were already
several constructions in the same area. The first historical reference to the
existence of the Alcazaba dates from the 9th century and it is believed that
it was then built by Sawwar ben Hamdun during the fights between
Muslims and muwalladins [Christians who converted to the Islam and
lived among the Muslims].
The current complex was built by Mohammed I, who constructed the
ramparts around the previous castle, defences and three new towers:
The Broken Tower (Torre Quebrada), the Keep (Torre del Homenaje)
and the Watch Tower (Torre de la Vela). As a consequence, the Alcazaba
became a real fortress, where the king established the royal residence.
His son Mohammed II also had his residence in the Alcazaba, until the
palaces were finished. From then on, the Alcazaba was only used as a
fortress for military purposes.
Fra sentrum av Granada ser vi opp mot Alhambra
Granada was first settled by native tribes in the prehistoric period, and was
known as Ilbyr. When the Romans colonised southern Spain, they built their
own city here and called it Illibris. The Arabs, invading the peninsula in the
8th century, gave it its current name of Granada. It was the last Muslim city
to fall to the Christians in 1492, at the hands of Queen Isabel of Castile and
her husband Ferdinand of Aragon.
One of the most brilliant jewels of universal architecture is the Alhambra,
a series of palaces and gardens built under the Nazari Dynasty in the 14th C.
This mighty compound of buildings – including the summer palace called
Generalife, with its fountains and gardens - stands at the foot of Spain's
highest mountain range, the Sierra Nevada, and overlooks the city below
and the fertile plain of Granada.
|Onsdag 9. mars
Været: Opp til 18 grader, fortsatt litt kald vind, for det meste sol.
Dagen startet med et besøk i Carmen-Thyssen museet.
Ellers hadde vi en rolig dag.
Mye av dagen var vi på stranda
Eduardo Zamacois y Zabala (2 July 1841 – 12 January 1871) was a Spanish
academic painter who was born in Bilbao, Spain on 2 July 1841. He moved to
Madrid in 1859, where he enrolled in the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San
Fernando and studied with Federico de Madrazo.
In 1860, he studied in Paris with Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier (1815–1891).
He achieved success at the Paris Salon of 1867 with Buffon au 16e siècle.
On 18 November 1865 in Paris, he married Marie Louise Perrin. They had two
children, born in Louveciennes: a boy named Miguel (1866) and a girl named
Maria Helena (1871), who married the French painter Jean Alfred Marioton.
Zamacois y Zabala is associated with both classicism and anti-clerical art. He is
known to have employed the Swiss painter Edouard Castres (1838–1902) as
his assistant. He died in Madrid in 1871 at the age of 29.
THE POMPIDOU CENTRE MALAGAThe Pompidou Centre
by Fiona Flores Watson & Michelle Chaplow
Opened on 28 March 2015, the Pop-Up Pompidou is housed in El Cubo, a
cuboid glass structure in Malaga port, and buildings next to it.
It received 76 thousand visitors in the first three months.
The 6000m2 centre has 80 works, with two or three annual exhibitions lasting
3-6 months during the next five years.
Divided into seven sections: metamorphoses, the body in pieces, the political body,
self-portraits, man without a face, the workshop of Brancusi, and a final section
dedicated to the architecture of the first Pompidou Centre, in Paris.
|Torsdag 10. mars
Ut på tur igjen.
Denne gang til Ronda, en busstur på nesten 2 timer. Også denne veien gikk
gjennom innlandet bak kysten, men også her var det mye fint å se.
Bussavgang kl 0930.
Retur til Malaga med toget. Toget kjører mye nede i en "grøft",
men likevel var det mye å se.
Grete i Ronda
Ronda er en liten by i det sørlige Spania som tilhører provinsen Málaga i
den autonome regionen Andalucía. Den er en av Spanias eldste byer, og den
regnes som tyrefektingens vugge.
Fra Ronda til Málaga by, er det cirka 100 km, og byen ligger på en høyslette
på cirka 750 moh. Byen blir delt i to av en canyon: den 120 meter dype
kløften El Tajo («Hugget») med en tilhørende liten elv, skiller
den eldre, mauriske bydelen La Ciudad fra den yngre El Mercadillo.
Det finnes 3 broer over denne kløften, Puente Nuevo fra 1793, Puente Viejo
(Puente de la Mina) fra 1616 og Puente árabe (Puente de San Miguel) fra romertiden. Puente Nuevo er vakker og utsikten over kløften er
spektakulær. Dette er den viktigste grunnen til at Ronda er en svært populær
turistby på alle tider av året. Både Ernest Hemingway og Orson Welles
tilbrakte i sin tid store tidsperioder i denne byen, noe som også er med
på å trekke turister hit.
I Ronda finner man også den eldste tyrefekterarena i Spania som fortsatt
er i bruk. Dens navn er Plaza de Toros, og ble bygget i neoklassisk stil i
1784 av arkitekten José Martin de Aldehuela som også designet broen
Despite being a growing town, Ronda retains much of its historic charm, particularly
its old town. It is famous worldwide for its dramatic escarpments and views, and for
the deep El Tajo gorge that carries the rio Guadalevín through its centre. Visitors make
a beeline for the 18th century Puente Nuevo 'new' bridge, which straddles the 100m
chasm below, before taking in the views from the Alameda out over the Serranía de
Across the bridge, where an elegant cloistered 16th century convent is now an art
museum, old Ronda, La Ciudad, sidewinds off into cobbled streets hemmed by
handsome town mansions, some still occupied by Ronda's titled families.
The Casa de Don Bosco is one such, its interior patio long ago roofed in glass against
Ronda's harsh winters. Its small, almost folly-like gardens lose out, however, to the
true star, a few minutes' walk to the furthest end of the Ciudad, the Palacio Mondragón.
Clumsily modernised in parts during the 1960s, this still has working vestiges of the
exquisite miniature water gardens dating from its time as a Moorish palace during
Ronda's brief reign as a minor Caliphate under Córdoba in the 12th century.
Puente Nuevo, Ronda
forbinder La Ciudad med den nyere bydelen El Mercadillo.
Veldig ny er broen riktignok ikke for den ble ferdigstilt allerede i 1793.
Men et imponerende byggverk er den utvilsomt med en høyde på 120 meter
over juvet som deler Ronda i to deler.
Under den spanske borgerkrigen hendte det at republikanerne kastet fanger
ned i kløften, noe som blant annet er beskrevet i Ernest Hemingways
roman «Klokkene ringer for deg«.
Fra La Ciudad er det en sti hvor man kan gå ned og beskue broen
og byen nedenfra.
En rest av den gamle bymuren
Puerta del Viento
Wind door is part of the west side of the city walls of Ronda , located in the
town of the same name, province of Malaga.
Vi gikk helt ned i dalbunnen nedenfor Ronda.
Caminito del Rey i Chorro. Vi så den bare fra toget på vei tilbake til Malaga.
El Caminito del Rey (English: The King's little pathway) is a walkway, pinned
along the steep walls of a narrow gorge in El Chorro, near Ardales in the
province of Málaga, Spain. The name is often shortened to Camino del Rey
(English: King's pathway). The walkway had fallen into disrepair and was
partially closed for over a decade. After four years of extensive repairs and
renovations, the walkway re-opened in 2015. It has been known in the past
as the "world's most dangerous walkway" following five deaths in 1999 and
Malaga til Ronda (Vi tok turen motsatt vei)
Som passasjer er det all grunn til å følge med ut av vinduet på store deler av
den to timer lange turen til Ronda. Det begynner å gå oppover ganske
umiddelbart etter at vi forlater Malagas drabantbyer, og i løpet av en drøy
halvtime er toget på stasjonen El Chorro, som er et utgangspunkt for gåturer
Du får også se litt av den spektakulære naturen i dette området, med høye
bratte fjell og dype daler, men dessverre går mye av strekningen i tunnel.
Du bør likevel holde øynene åpne, for i de sekundene man er ute i dagslys
er det spektakulær utsikt!
|Fredag 11. mars
Enda en dag vi skulle rise ut fra Malaga.
Denne gang til Nerja som er kjent for de store grottene.
Byen har også fine strender.
Turen gikk med buss. Veien fulgte kysten hele veien. Mye å se
Været: sol, 17 grader og lite vind
Foto Michelle Chaplow.
Bildet fra http://www.andalucia.com/nerja/eagle-aqueduct.htm
Nysnø på fjellet. Bildet er tatt fra bussen mellom Malaga og Nerja.
Acueducto del Águila (Eagle Aqueduct), also known as Puente del Águila
(Eagle Bridge), is regarded across the region as "an historic jewel of
Spanish architecture". It was built in the 19th century and has been used continuously
since - today the local community uses it to irrigate farmland.
Akveduktet ligger i nærheten av Nerja
The site is steeped in both geological and archaeological interest; cave paintings
depict images of goats, horses, deer, seals and birds, drawn using red and black
pigments. The images have been dated between at 25,000 and 3,600 B.C.
winding streets, whitewashed houses with wrought iron terraces
overflowing with geraniums, on which a canary can sometimes be
Strand i Nerja
Grete i Nerja
Ceiba chodatii. Bildet er tatt utenfor grottene i Nerja
Samme sort tre fotografert i Malaga.
Her sto det hva slags tre det var. Ceiba Chodatii
|Lørdag 12. mars
Enda en dag ut av Malaga, denne gang til Mijas.
Det var ikke så lang tur fra Malaga,
men turen gikk med lokalbuss og brukte veldig lang tid, fordi "alle" skulle
til Mijas den dagen, spesielt pensjonister.
Været: fint vær
Mijas, which nestles comfortably in the mountainside at 428 meters
level; it is a superb choice for either holiday or full time living. Of the
7,500 population, there are so many foreign and English speaking
residents in and around the pueblo that the Town Hall has a very h
elpful Foreigner's Department, which caters for the many needs of
those who do not speak Spanish.
Grete beundrer utsikten over Costa del Sol
Torget i Mijas
Flamenco history has only been documented for the past two hundred years
or so, and anything before this time is open to debate and speculation.
Much of what we know from before this time comes from stories and legends
that have been passed down through family dynasties, in a similar way to the
flamenco song itself.
Under til høyre: (to the right, below:) Santuario de la Virgin de la Pena
The shrine of Our Lady the Virgin of the Rock was excavated in the rocks
by a Carmelite monk in the second half of the seventeenth century.
The legend says that the virgin appeared between the walls of the old
castle in 1586 were it remained hidden during the 8 centuries of the
muslim domination of the Spain.
After the conquest by the Catholic Kings of the last strongholds of Granada,
La Ermita de la Virgen de la Peña de Mijas is a monastery and Catholic holy site in
Mijas, Malaga province, Spain. It was excavated in the rock around 1548 by
Mercedarian friars. According to tradition, Marian apparitions began in 1586, when two
children, Juan and Asuncion Bernal Linaire, are credited with having a vision of Mary
above the church. According to the tradition, they saw a white dove on the tower of the
Castillo which transfigured into the virgin and notified their father, who reported the hiding
place to the local church authorities of Mijas.
After the conquest of Andalusia by the Crown of Castile, legends and reports of Marian
The Virgen de la Peña is the patron
saint of Mijas
The Immaculate Conception Church began to be built in the second half of the
16th century and was finished in 1631, with three naves and a chapel under
which there is a burial crypt. Later they went adding new parts to the church
such as another Baroque chapel with its crypt.
The church was built adjoining the “Torre de la Vela” tower, which became its
bell tower. This tower was built in the mid-sixteenth century as a shelter to
the Mijas villagers in case of an attack. In 1992 reform works were carried
out and it was then that the 8 apostles paintings were discovered on the
columns of the church, these paintings dated back to 1632.
Santuario de la Virgin de la Pena
It is one of the only Ancient ruins left in Málaga after the outwardly Republican
city was bombed by Nationalist sympathizers - the Italian army during the Civil
war, and one of the only remaining Roman ruins in Andalucía after centuries of warfare, and construction.
The site is accompanied by the Centro de Interpretación (visitors centre) which
teaches visitors about the history of the ruins and its subsequent excavation
(bildet til høyre)
Det romerske teater i Malaga
Alcazaba i Malaga
Gateløp i Malaga. Deltakerne løp opp til Gibralfaro (116 moh) og ned igjen
|Søndag 13. mars
Værmelding: Pent vær, lite vind, ca 16 grader.
Ingen bestemte planer for dagen.
Bare rusle rundt i byen og slappe av.
Katedralen i Malaga lå like ved hotellet og vi gikk
dit for å se mer på den.
Etterpå tenkte vi å besøke museet Santa Semana,
siden det nærmet seg påske.
Men det ble ikke noe besøk der likevel.
Grete tok med badetøy siden det var meldt fint vær.
Katedralen La Manquita
Kurs i seiling
Grete foran cruiseskipet Ventura
Ventura in numbers
116,017 Tons | 3,078 Guests | 1,205 Crew
Så gikk vi til stranda. På tide med litt bading og soling.
Det var en fin, varm søndag ettermiddag og ganske mange hadde
funnet veien ned til stranda.
|Mandag 14. mars
Værmeldingen sa at det skulle skye til.
Det gjorde det heldigvis ikke,
men lufta ble litt kjøligere enn dagen før.
Vi hadde ikke bestemte planer for dagen, men det ble til at
vi tok en tur til opp til Gibralfaro.
Etterpå gikk vi ned på stranda igjen.
passasjerer 4100 og et mannskap på 1708
Utsikten er fin. Dagens cruiseskip er Norwegian Epic.
La Malagueta itself was built in 1874, by the architect Joaquín Rucoba.
The first fight took place on 11th June 1876, and the matadors who fought were
Rafael Molina, Antonio Carmona, Luque El Gordito, and Manuel Rodriguez.
A century later in 1976 the site was declared an Historic Artistic Monument,
and in 1981, it was declared an Official Site of Cultural Interest.
Skog på Monte Gibralfaro
Vi fant en lite brukt sti ned fra Gibralfaro. Vi regna med at den førte
ned til byen. Stien ble smalere og smalere, men vi kom ned.
When William Mark arrived in Malaga in 1816 to take up his post as British Consul,
he was astonished and horrified to learn that in Spain burial in consecrated ground
was reserved exclusively for Catholics. Protestants were buried without rites and in
Malaga the burials were bizarre.
The English Cemetery in Malaga is the oldest Protestant cemetery on mainland Spain.Established in January 1831 at the behest of the then British Consul, William Mark
who successfully appealed to the Governor for a piece of land on which to provide
British subjects of the protestant faith with a decent burial.
was originally farmers' and farm labourers' food, cooked
workers over a wood fire for the lunchtime meal. It was made with rice,
plus whatever was to hand around the rice fields and countryside:
tomatoes, onions and snails, with a few beans added for flavour and
texture. Rabbit or duck might also have been added, and for special
occasions, chicken plus a touch of saffron for an extra special colour and
flavour. Paella was also traditionally eaten straight from the pan in which
it was cooked with each person using his own wooden spoon.
Little by little, as 'Valencian rice' became more widely available, paella
recipes were adapted with new variations appearing. With Valencia
being on the coast, it is no surprise that various types of seafood crept
into the recipes over the generations. Now paella is the generic name of
200 or so distinctive rice dishes or ‘arroces’ from the Valencia region let
alone other parts of Spain and the rest of the world. To this day a "true"
Paella Valenciana has no seafood but a mixture of chicken, rabbit and
snails with green and white beans.
Grete leker seg på stranda
Det går mot kveld i havna
meaning "bitter", which references the distinctive flavour lent by the mandorla
amara (the bitter almond) or by the drupe kernel. However, the bitterness is not
unpalatable, and sweeteners—and
sometimes sweet almonds—enhance the flavour in the final products.
Thus one can interpret the liqueur's name as a description of the taste as
"a little bitter". Conflation of amaro ("bitter") and amore ("love") has led to
associations with romance.
|Tirsdag 15. mars
Etter ti netter i Malaga var det tid for å flytte nordover.
Vi tok tog til Cordoba. Der skulle vi være to netter.
Togturen til Cordoba tar ca 1 time.
Fra jernbanestasjonen i Cordoba til hotel Eurostar Palace
var det bare 700 meter, så den strekningen gikk vi.
Ut fra stasjonen tok vi feil vei, så for oss ble det noe lenger.
Vi kom så tidlig til Cordoba at vi rakk å se litt av bymuren, Alcazar
de los Reyes Cristianos, Puente Romano og Torre de la Calahorra i
løpet av dagen.
Det nærmeste vi kommer Orientexpressen.
Cafeen er på Maria Zambrano, jernbanestasjonen i Malaga.
Cordoba will forever bear the imprint which its Roman, Moorish and Christian
rulers left on the city, adapting its streets to its city walls. The Romans proved
to be the most influencial, and their layout of the main city lasts to this day.
Their walls were maintained by the Moors and later Christian rulers.
Extensive portions of these walls still stand today. Below is a map of this
historic walled city, followed by an article describing the history of Cordoba
and its walls:
of San Jacinto and the Hospital ofSan Sebastian, an outstanding construction
opposite the Mosque featuring a portico that stands out among the Gothic jewels in
Inside, in the Romero de Torres hall,one can admire interesting 16th century frescoes.
Despite originating from the Christian era, these gardens are typically Moorish in
design with ponds, fountains and aromatic plants. Adjacent to the gardens are the
Royal Stables which extend to encompass the Gardens of the
Campo Santo de los Márties.
The castle is almost a perfect square in plan of 4.100 square metres. It was rebuilt
in 1327 by King Alfonso XI. His aim was to bring European Gothic architecture to
the town. The castle walls connect the four (now three) corner towers by walkways
or allures protected by battlements with prism shaped blocks.
Alcazar de los Reyos Cristianos
This work —one of the most important of the Roman Empire— represents a
love scene inspired by the Hellenistic poem "The Cyclops". It is a mythological
work that served as an inspiration to the Cordoban poet and dramatist
Luis de Góngora y Argote to write the fable "Polyphemus and Galatea".
The gardens of the Alcázar stand on the site of the former vegetable gardens
of the Alcázar, which were surrounded by the walls of the fortress. They were supplied with water from the river via a complex irrigation system.
Christopher Columbus wins the Spanish monarchs' support
After years of waiting, and with the help of a former official of Isabel and monk
from La Rábida monastery, he was able to gain another hearing in 1491 with
Isabel's royal commission in Santa Fe, outside the besieged Granada. They
considered his project once more, and once more it was rejected. Columbus set
out again for Cordoba, from whence he planned to travel north to make an appeal
to the king of France.
Christopher Columbus wins the Spanish monarchs' support
Luckily for Columbus
(and for the Spanish monarchs), the shrewd King
Columbus pays one last visit to family in Cordoba before his historic voyage
April 17, 1492
Ferdinand and Isabel signed the formal agreement
from the city centre. It is a fortified gate originally built by the Moors (Almohads)
and extensively restored by King Enrique II of Castile in 1369 to defend the city
from attack by his brotherPedro I the Cruel from the South. It was origionally an
arched gate between two towers. Enrique II added a third cylindrical shaped
tower connecting the outer two.
In the 18th century it was used as a prison and in the 19th century it was a girls
school. The tower was declared a national monument in 1931. the restoration of
the tower and the Romain bridge and the surrounding area in 2007 was awarded
the EU prize for cultural heratige "Europa Nostra" in 2014.
Puente Romano. På den andre siden av broa ligger Torre de la Calahorra.
The Roman bridge which, according to the Arab geographer, Al-drisi 'surpasses
all other bridges in beauty and solidity', reflects little of its Roman roots, owing
to frequent reconstruction over many decades. In the centre of the eastern side's stone handrails there is a little shrine to St Raphael, at whose feet the
devout burn candles.
It is, of course, unlikely that much of the original structure stands. The present
structure is a medieval reconstruction, though the 19th-century cobbled paving
does give a Roman feel. There is an irregular pattern to the 16 arches in size
and abutment protections.
Visitors are also able to go on the roof for a spectacular view of the mosque
and the city.
|Onsdag 16. mars
Utsikt fra rommet vårt på hotel Eurostar Palace. Vi bodde midt i en
stor rundkjøring, men hotellet var godt isolert og vi var ikke plaget av
rulers of the city were so awed by its beauty that they left it standing, building
their cathedral in the midst of its rows of arches and columns, and creating the extraordinary church-mosque we see today.As well as the unique
mosque-cathedral, Cordoba's treasures include the Alcazar, or Fortress,
built by the Christians in 1328; the Calahorra Fort, originally built by the
Arabs, which guards the Roman Bridge, on the far side of the river from the Mezquita, and the ancient Jewish Synagogue, now a museum.
Cordoba's medieval quarter, once the home of the Jewish community, is called
"La Judería" (The Jewry), a labyrinth of winding, narrow streets, shady
flower-filled courtyards and picturesque squares such as La Plaza del Potro.
In early May, homeowners proudly festoon their patios with
flowers to compete for the city's "most beautiful courtyard" contest
hospital, then as the Hermitage of San Crispin and finally, an infants’ school.
It was declared a National Monument at the end of the 19th century.
The Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba is the most important monument
of all the Western Islamic world, and one of the most amazing in the world.
The evolution of the “Omeya” style in Spain is resumed in the history of the
Mosque of Cordoba, as well as other styles such as the Gothic,
Renaissance and Baroque of the Christian architecture.
It seems as if the place that the Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba occupies
nowadays was dedicated, from ancient times, to the cult of different
divinities. In this same place, and during the Visigoth occupation,
another building was constructed, the “San Vicente” Basilic.
Varetransport i gamlebyen
Next to the Town Hall of Cordoba stands the only Roman temple in Cordoba
for which we have archaeological evidence. The sheer size of the building is
remarkable: it was dedicated to the cult of the Emperor, and along with the
Circus Maximus, formed part of the Provincial Forum. It originally stood on a
raised podium and had six free-standing Corinthian columns in the entrance.
In front of this was the ara or altar. The present reconstruction was carried
out by the architect Félix Hernández, and has left Cordoba yet another
reminder of the splendour of the city in Roman times. Some of the original
pieces from the museum are on display in the Archaeological Museum or in
unusual but attractive places dotted around the city, like the fluted column
lying in Plaza de la Doblas.
|Torsdag 17. mars
Farvel til Cordoba. Madrid neste stopp.
Reisen tok i underkant av to timer med tog.
Farten var neste 300km/t det meste av veien og det var en meget
Vi var fullstendig ukjente i Madrid, og derfor tok vi taxi fra stasjonen
til hotellet. Hotel Avenida Gran via var et mye enklere hotell enn det
vi kom fra, men helt ok.
Avenida Gran Via (Storgata) som er en av hovedgatene i byen var bare
50 meter unna. Det gjelder å bo sentralt.
Etter innsjekking på hotellet gikk vi ut for å gjøre oss kjente i nærområdet.
Fra hotellet var det gangavstand til Puerta del Sol, Plaza Mayor,
Palacio Real og mange stor butikker og kjøpesentre.
More about Madrid here: 33 things to do in Madrid
Vi går fra hotel Eurostar Palace
Plaza Oriente og Palacio Real
Visitors to Spain's capital city are
often puzzled to discover that the Plaza de
Juan Bautista Sachetti, who designed
the Palacio Real, had plans to build a
Taking centre stage of Plaza de
Oriente is a huge statue of Felipe IV astride a
Santa Maria la Real de Almudena
The principle church of the Diocese
of Madrid, the Catedral de Santa María la
the capital from Toledo in the creation of the Diocese of Madrid-Alcalá.
Until the current building was completed, the Cathedral was temporarily
housed in the Jesuit College church of San Isidro. Alumeda was finally
consecrated in 1993 by Pope John Paul II, and remains the only Spanish
cathedral to have been consecrated by a Pope.
The Plaza Mayor is Madrid's main
square. It is located right in the centre of
the arches that skirt the square, this is still a marvellous place to sit out, try
some good Spanish wine, sample some tasty tapas and watch the passers-by.
Gata Mesonero Romanos med hotell Avenida som vi bodde på.
Puerta del Sol
This is Madrid's most famous and most central square, located just a short walk
from the Plaza Mayor. Originally it was the site of one of the city's gates, which
faced the east and was adorned with an image of the sun, hence the square's name.
The square is actually almost semi-circular in shape and owes its current form
to the major renovation work carried out between 1854 and 1860.
Karl Martin ser på veskeselgerne.
| Madrid (/məˈdrɪd/, Spanish: [maˈðɾið], locally: [maˈðɾiθ,
-ˈðɾi]) is the capital of Spain, and the
largest municipality of the Community
The population of the city is almost 3.2 million with a metropolitan area
population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the
European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan area is the
third-largest in the European Union after London andParis. Located in
south-western Europe, the city spans a total of 604.3 km2 (233.3 sq mi).
The city is located on the Manzanares in the centre of both the country and the Community of Madrid (which comprises the city of Madrid, its
conurbation and extended suburbs and villages); this community is bordered
by the autonomous communities of Castile and León and Castile-La Mancha.
As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is also the political, economic and cultural centre of Spain.
The first documented reference of the city originates in Andalusan times as
the Arabic مجريط Majrīṭ (AFI [maʤriːtˁ]), which was retained in Medieval
Spanish as Magerit ([maʤeˈɾit]). A wider number of theories have been
formulated on possible earlier origins.
According to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor (son of King
Tyrrhenius of Tuscany and Mantua) and was named "Metragirta" or
"Mantua Carpetana". Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria" ("land of bears" in Latin), because of the many bears that were to be
found in the nearby forests, which, together with the strawberry-tree (Spanish madroño), have been the emblem of the city
from the Middle Ages
|Fredag 18. mars
Vi reiste med Madrid City Tour på sightseeing i Madrid.
Første stedet vi gikk av var ved det kongelige slott.
Det var åpent for publikum denne dagen.
The Royal Palace (Palacio Real in Spanish) is not the official residence of his
Majesty the King of Spain, but rather where state ceremonies, official banquets
and other state functions take place. The King lives inZarzuela Palace, which
is just outside of Madrid.
The current Royal Palace, was built on the site of the old Alcázar which was destroyed by fire on Christmas Eve 1734. King Felipe V decided to build a
palace for his Borbon dynasty. The Italian Filippo Juvara was selected to
design the new palace and his plans were to create a grand palace along the
lines of France's Versailles. All construction was vaulted in stone and brick,
not wood, so that any fire could destroy it.
The works were carried out between 1738 and 1755, Carlos III established
his residence there in 1764.
Grete på slottsplassen
Fra slottet tok vi bussen til Prado-museet.
Vi var ikke inne der, men fortsatte til den botaniske hagen.
Det var litt for tidlig på året, ikke så mye blomster enda.
The Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid is an 8-hectare botanical garden
located at Murillo Square, in front of the Prado Museum.
The garden was founded on 1755, by King Ferdinand VI, and installed in
the Orchard of Migas Calientes, near what today is called Puerta de Hierro,
on the banks of the Manzanares River. It contained more than 2,000 plants.
design by architects Francesco Sabatini and Juan Villanueva that organized
the garden into three tiered terraces, arranging plants according to the method
of Linnaeus. Its mission was not only to exhibit plants, but also to teach botany,
promote expeditions for the discovery of new plant species and classify them.
|Fra Botanisk Hage
gikk vi til Retiroparken
Close to the northern entrance of the park is a large artificial lake, the
Retiro Pond. Next to it is the monument to King Alfonso XII, featuring a
semicircular colonnade and an equestrian statue of the monarch on the top
of a tall central core.
The Buen Retiro Park ("Park of the Pleasant Retreat", in english) is the first
biggest park of Madrid city. It has 1.4 km2 (350 acres) at the edge of the
city center. The park belonged to the Spanish Monarchy until the late 19th
century, when it became a public park. It's a magnificent park, filled with
beautiful sculpture and monuments, galleries, a peaceful lake and host to a
variety of events.
History of the park:
The park was born in 1630-1640, when Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of
Olivares, gave the king Philip IV several tracts of land in the vicinity for
the Court's recreational use.
Philip V (1700–1746) ordered the creation of a parterre, the only French-style
garden in the complex. During the reign of Ferdinand VI, Buen Retiro was
the setting for magnificent Italian operas. Charles III (1759–1788) saw to the
beautification of its perimeter, replacing the old walls with elegant
wrought-iron railings. Juan de Villanueva's Astronomical Observatory was
built during the reign of Charles IV (1788–1808).
|Så gikk vi på
The Cibeles Square is found at the intersection of Alcala Street (which crosses
from west to east), the Paseo de Recoletos (heading north to link up with the
Paseo de la Castellana) and the Paseo del Prado(south, towards the fountain
This place, one of the most symbolic of the capital, divides the distric
boundaries Centro, Retiro and Salamanca.
In the center of square, is situated the famous fountain of Cibeles, sculpted in
1782, from a design by Ventura Rodríguez. It is a neo-classical complex of
marble sculpture that has become an iconic symbol for the city of Madrid.
The fountain of Cibeles has been adopted by the Football Club Real Madrid,
whose fans use the area to celebrate its triumphs in competitions.
Each of the four corners of the square is dominated by landmark buildings,
built during the late 18th and early 20th centuries.
The "Alcalá Gate" (in Spanish, La Puerta de Alcalá) soon became one of
Madrid's symbols and it is one of the most well-known monuments. It is now
classified as a
It is a Neo-classical granite monument in the Plaza de la Independencia square.
It stands near the city center and several meters away from the main entrance
to the Buen Retiro Park. The square is bisected by Alcalá Street, although the
street itself doesn't cross through the monument.
It was designed by Italian architect Francesco Sabatini in 1764 (with the King
Charles III).Charles III ordered it to be built in the city wall, which marked the
|Lørdag 19. mars 2016
Mesteparten av dagen var vi i Pradomuseet.
Det ble tid til et besøk i Thyssen-Bornemisza-museet også.
Litt kø var det, men det gikk fort unna.
The building that today houses the Museo Nacional del Prado was
designed by architect Juan de Villanueva in 1785. It was constructed
to house the Natural History Cabinet, by orders of King Charles III.
However, the building's final purpose - as the new Royal Museum of
Paintings and Sculptures - was the decision of the monarch's grandson,
King Ferdinand VII, encouraged by his wife Queen Maria Isabel de Braganza.
The Royal Museum, soon quickly renamed the National
Museum of Paintings and Sculptures and subsequently the Museo
Nacional del Prado, opened to the public for the first time in
Created in 1988, the Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection Foundation
pioneered a new formula for the private management of public
assets in Spain, and its efficacy has been apparent ever since the
museum opened its doors in October 1992.
I butikken på Thyssen-Bornemisza solgte de sykkelvesker med motiv fra
Det hadde vært gøy å kjøre rundt med SKRIK-sykkelveske,
men prisen var for høy.
|Søndag 20. mars
Dette skulle ha vært hjemreisedagen. Men sånn ble det likevel ikke.
Flyet vært skulle gå om ettermiddagen, så vi hadde ganske god tid.
Derfor tok vi en tur ned til Puerta del Sol der vi kom over et historisk tablå,
opprørske bønder mot øvrigheten.
Etterpå tok vi taxi ut til flyplassen.
At Madrid Marriott Auditorium Hotel & Conference Center, located really
close to the Adolfo Suarez Madrid – Barajas Airport and Ifema Fair, you will
find the perfect balance between Business and Travel experience.
A place with large and different spaces to celebrate events and conferences thanks to the 56 pillar-free and the more than 15.000sq as well as the Auditorium for up
to 2000 people. Everything accompanied by an innovation and style necessaries
to enjoy the unforgettable experience of travel. Besides the hotel has been
renovated all the 869 rooms as well as the food & beverage areas with the Champion´s Bar, Greatroom, Atrium Bar and a la carte restaurant called Kalma.
The new largest Marriott Hotel in Europe is a place where you will celebrate successfully any kind of event thanks to the magic and inspiration that all spaces transmit, accessible for all kind of exhibition materials, included vehicles as well
as parking service with 1000 parking places and the free Wifi connection,
shuttle, fitness center and indoor/outdoor swimming pool.
EasyJet said that 82 of its flights on Sunday had been cancelled, 32 of which had been
scheduled to take off from UK airports. Not only flights heading into France are being
affected but other that were to fly through French airspace are being rerouted too.
|Mandag 21. mars
Det var påskeuka, og fulle fly.
Til slutt fikk vi billetter med Air Brüssel,
via Brüssel til Oslo tirsdag 22. mars.
Mandagen tok vi en tur inn til Madrid.
The present building of the Casa de la Panadería stands at number 27 on
the north side of Madrid's Plaza Mayor, just behind the central statue of
Felipe III. The original building was a wooden construction designed by Juan
Gomez de Mora and completed in 1619.
refurbishments since, notably in 1880 under the direction of Joaquin Maria de la
In 1914 Enrique Guijo was commissioned to do decorative paintings on the
façade. By 1988 the decoration had deteriorated so much that the Madrid
City Council held a competition to find an artist to restore the façade.
A number of artists were invited to compete including Sigfrido
Begué Martin, Carlos Franco and Guillermo Pérez Villalta.
Carlos Franco was chosen for the task and the work was completed in 1992.
Mercado de San Miguel
Hus på Plaza de San Miguel
|Tirsdag 22. mars
Vi skulle reist hjem, men kom ikke hjem nå heller pga dette:
A series of deadly explosions
rocked Brussels on Tuesday, targeting
Belgian officials said the bombings
at Zaventem airport and the
moment for the country.
Kø for ombooking. Og intervju med en fra Brüssel Airlines.
Vi fikk billetter til samme rute på torsdag.
Da skulle flyplassen i Brüssel være åpen igjen mente de.
|Onsdag 23. mars
Toledo, en gang Spanias hovedstad, ligger bare ca 1/2 time med tog
fra Madrid, så vi tok en tur dit.
Toledo var tydeligvis et populært reisemål. Det gikk tog dit hver time.
Det var ikke plass til oss på de to første, så det ble lenge å vente på
stasjonen i Madrid.
Atocha (Spanish: Estación de Madrid Atocha,
also named Madrid
Puerta de Atocha) is the largest railway station in Madrid. It is the primary
station serving commuter trains (Cercanías), intercity and regional trains
from the south, and the AVE high speed
trains from Barcelona (Catalonia), Zaragoza (Aragon), Seville (Andalusia) and
Valencia (Levante Region). These train services are run by the Spanish
national rail company, Renfe.
was of functional design. The central section is flanked by two side naves,
one of which is adjacent to the clock tower, which imitates the style of
Toledo church towers.
The station has been declared a Property of Cultural Interest and classified as
a monument. It was restored in the twenty-first century in connection with the
inauguration of a high-speed service to Madrid in 2005.
Elva Tajo ved Toledo
The Tagus (Spanish: Tajo [ˈtaxo]; Portuguese: Tejo [ˈtɛʒu]; Latin: Tagus;
Ancient Greek: Τάγος Tagos) is the longest river on the Iberian Peninsula.
It is 1,038 km (645 mi) long, 716 km (445 mi) in Spain, 47 km (29 mi)
along the border between Portugal and Spain and 275 km (171 mi) in
Portugal, where it empties into the Atlantic Ocean near Lisbon.
It drains an area of 80,100 square kilometers (30,927 sq mi)(the second
largest in the Iberian peninsula after the Douro). The Tagus is highly utilized
for most of its course. Several dams and diversions supply drinking water to
most of central Spain, including Madrid, and Portugal, while dozens of
hydroelectric stations create power. Between dams it follows a very constricted
course, but after Almourol it enters a vast alluvial valley prone to flooding.
At its mouth is a large estuary on which the port city of Lisbon is situated.
The source of the Tagus is the Fuente de García, in the Frías de Albarracín
municipal term, Montes Universales, Sistema Ibérico, Sierra de Albarracín
Comarca. All its major tributaries enter the Tagus from the right (north) bank.
The main cities it passes through are Aranjuez, Toledo, Talavera de la Reina and
Alcántara in Spain, and Abrantes, Santarém, Almada and Lisbon in Portugal.
Toledo (Spanish: [toˈleðo]) is a municipality located in central Spain, 70 km
south of Madrid. It is the capital of the province of Toledo and the autonomous
community of Castile–La Mancha. It was declared a World Heritage Site by
UNESCO in 1986 for its extensive cultural and monumental heritage and
historical co-existence of Christian, Muslim and Jewish cultures.
Toledo is known as the "Imperial City" for having been the main venue of the
court of Charles I, and as the "City of the Three Cultures", having been
influenced by a historical co-existence of Christians, Muslims andJews.
In 1085, the city fell to Alfonso VI of Castile as the first major city in the Christian Reconquista.
Toledo has a history in the production of bladed weapons, which are now
popular souvenirs of the city. People who were born or have lived in Toledo include Brunhilda of Austrasia, Al-Zarqali, Garcilaso de la Vega, Eleanor of Toledo, Alfonso X and El Greco. It was also the place of important historic
events such as theVisigothic Councils of Toledo. As of 2015, the city has a
opulation of 83,226 and an area of 232.1 km2 (89.6 sq mi).
Toledo med Katedralen og Alcazar
|Of Arab origin, it was rebuilt
Alonso de Covarrubias in
Renaissance-style, back in the
16th century. It has two sides.
The one that faces the city opens
up with a semicircular arch,
flanked by two square towers
with roofs and decorated with
the coat of arms of Charles I.
The outer side has an
arch that bears the city's coat of arms.
This arch is flanked by two huge circular towers.
to the right:
Puerta del Sol is a city gate of Toledo, Spain, built in the late 14th century by the
Vi spiste bacalao.
(Toledo, 1501? - Niza, 1536) Poeta
renacentista español. Perteneciente a
una noble familia castellana, Garcilaso
de la Vega participó ya desde muy joven
en las intrigas políticas de Castilla.
Den franske kapteinen ønsket å
stjele et kyss fra leppene til Elvira
de Castaneda. Øyeblikkelig falt
hansken til jarlen over hodet
highest hill of the city, at 548 m, the solitary
mass of the Alcázar dominates the horizon. It is one of the few
buildings outside of the city. The remains of earlier structures
indicate that it has always been a fortified location, since the days
of the Roman Praetorian and the defence of the Muslim fortress.
Puente de Alcantara