Monastir i Tunisia 1973

tilbake til 1. side

Grete Emblemsvåg

Siden er laget 7. juni 2017

The flag of Tunisia
is one of the world’s oldest flags.
Tunisia’s flag was adopted on July 3, 1959.
The flag is very similar to the original naval flag of the
kingdom of Tunis that was used by Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud,
the monarch of Tunis in the 1830’s.

One visual difference between the two flags is a more
narrowed crescent than in the current flag of Tunisia.
The flag of the Ottoman Navy, which was used 1793-1844,
also had a red background but had an eight pointed cluster
type star and a moon while the current flag has a
five-pointed star.

The flag of Tunisia has a description that is an exercise in
symbolism and history. The flag itself is bright red.
There is a white disc, or circle, that is in the middle of the
flag. This disc holds both a crescent and a star.

  tunisia flag
Red, the color of the flag, is a traditional color that
symbolizes Islam. It also is symbolic of the resistance
against the Turkish supremacy. Red was the color the
Ottoman Empire used who ruled Tunisia from 16th
century to 1881.

Mor utenfor hotel Esplanade i Monastir.

Monastir, also called Mīstīr (Arabic: مـنسـتير‎‎ About this sound Monāstīr / Mīstīr,
from the
 Greek μοναστήριον "hermit's cell, monastery"), is a city
on the central coast of
 Tunisia, in the Sahel area, It is 20 kilometres
(12 miles) south of
 Sousse and 162 kilometres (101 miles) south of
. Traditionally a fishing port, Monastir is now a major tourist
resort. Its population is about 93,306. It is the capital of

Utsikten fra rommet mor og jeg hadde.

Utsikten fra rommet til Jan Erik

Fin badestrand rett nedenfor hotellet.



De lokale gutta tøffer seg for turistene



Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam" or "Ceterum autem
censeo Carthaginem esse delendam
" (English: "Furthermore,
(moreover) I consider that Carthage must be destroyed") often
abbreviated to "
Ceterum censeo", "Carthago delenda est", or
Delenda est Carthago" (English: "Carthage must be destroyed")
is a
 Latin oratorical phrase of the Roman Republic in the 2nd
Century BC prior to the
 Third Punic War against Carthage, b
y the party advocating destruction of Rome's ancient rival
Carthage, which was thought to be rebuilding its capacity
for further warfare. The phrase is associated with the Roman
 Cato the Elder, who is said to have used it as the
conclusion to all his speeches.
Although the Romans were successful in the first two Punic Wars,
as they vied for dominance with the seafaring Phoenician city-state
of Carthage in North Africa (modern day Tunisia), they suffered a
number of humiliations and damaging reverses in the course of these
engagements, especially at the Battle of Cannae (216 BC). This grew
into an attitude of seeking vengeance and total victory, which was
expressed by these phrases. The city of Carthage was indeed finally
razed by the Roman general Scipio Aemilianus after the Third Battle of Carthage in 146 BC, and its entire remaining population was sold into
slavery. It thus never again posed a threat to Rome—at least until
taken over by the Vandals, who looted Rome in 455. The modern
legend that the city was sown with salt reflects the perceived
savagery of its destruction.


Hôtel du Lac in Tunis was built in the 1960s by the Lake of Tunis.
The ten-story building is unique with its distinctive architecture and
concrete construction, an icon of brutalist architecture. By
protruding each floor at both ends to a respective room width, this
design concept resulted a building that has a top level twice as
wide than its ground level.

Tunis (Arabic: تونس‎‎ About this sound Tūnis) is the capital and the largest city of
. The greater metropolitan area of Tunis, often referred to
 Grand Tunis, has some 2,700,000 inhabitants.
Situated on a large Mediterranean Sea gulf (the Gulf of Tunis),
behind the
 Lake of Tunis and the port of La Goulette (Ḥalq il-Wād),
the city extends along the coastal plain and the hills that
surround it. At its core lies its ancient
 medina, a
World Heritage Site
East of the medina through the Sea Gate (also known as the
 Bab el
 and the Porte de France) begins the modern city, or Ville
Nouvelle, traversed by the grand
 Avenue Habib Bourguiba
(often referred to by popular press and travel guides as
"the Tunisian
where the colonial-era buildings provide a clear contrast to
smaller, older structures. Further away by the sea lie the suburbs
 Carthage, La Marsa, and Sidi Bou Said. As the capital city of
the country, Tunis is the focus of Tunisian political and
administrative life; it is also the centre of the country's commercial
activity. The expansion of the Tunisian economy in recent decades
is reflected in the booming development of the outer city where one
can see clearly the social challenges brought about by rapid
modernization in Tunisia.







The Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى‎‎, aṣ-ṣaḥrāʾ al-kubrā ,
'the Greatest Desert') is the largest
 hot desert and the third largest
desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. Its area
of 9,200,000 square kilometres (3,600,000 sq mi)
comparable to the area of the
 United States.
The desert comprises much of North Africa, excluding the fertile
region on the
 Mediterranean Sea coast, the Atlas Mountains of the
, and the Nile Valley in Egypt and Sudan. It stretches from
 Red Sea in the east and the Mediterranean in the north to the
Atlantic Ocean
 in the west, where the landscape gradually changes
from desert to coastal plains. To the south, it is bounded by the
a belt of
 semi-arid tropical savanna around the Niger River valley
and the
 Sudan Region of Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Sahara is mainly rocky hamada (stone plateaus), Ergs
(sand seas - large areas covered with sand
 dunes) form only a minor
part, but many of the
 sand dunes are over 180 metres (590 ft) high.
 or rare rainfall shape the desert features: sand dunes, dune
fields, sand seas, stone plateaus, gravel plains (
reg), dry valleys
wadi), dry lakes (oued), and salt flats (shatt or chott)  Unusual
landforms include the
 Richat Structure in Mauritania.
Several deeply dissected mountains, many volcanic, rise from
the desert, including the
 Aïr Mountains, Ahaggar Mountains,
Saharan Atlas, Tibesti Mountains, Adrar des Iforas, and the
Red Sea hills. The highest peak in the Sahara is
 Emi Koussi,
 shield volcano in the Tibesti range of northern Chad.

Veien gjennom Sahara

Bare 58 km fra Algerie

Kamelene er på plass

Salg av "ørkenroser"
Desert rose (Ørkenrose) is the colloquial name given to rose-like
formations of crystal clusters of
 gypsum or baryte which include
abundant sand grains.
The 'petals' are crystals flattened on the c crystallographic axis, fanning open in radiating flattened
crystal clusters.

The rosette crystal habit tends to occur when the crystals form
in arid sandy conditions,
such as the evaporation of a shallow
salt basin. The crystals form a circular array of flat plates,
giving the rock a shape similar to a
 rose blossom. 
Gypsum roses usually have better defined, sharper edges
than baryte roses.
 Celestine and other bladed evaporite minerals
may also form rosette clusters.
They can appear either as a single
rose-like bloom or as clusters of blooms, with most sizes ranging from
 pea sized to 4 inches (10 cm) in diameter.
The ambient sand that is incorporated into the crystal structure,
or otherwise encrusts the crystals, varies with the local
environment. If
 iron oxides are present, the rosettes take
on a rusty tone.

The desert rose may also be known by the names:
sand rose, rose rock,
 selenite rose, gypsum rose and
baryte (barite) rose.

En oase


The archaeological site of Sbeitla is an archaeological site in
, in north-central Tunisia. It represents the Roman ruins
 Sufetula, and contains the best preserved Roman forum temples
in Tunisia. It was excavated and restored between 1906 and 1921.

The city was founded, if not already in existence, during the reign of Emperor Vespasian. Sufetula was the theatre of the great confrontation between Byzantines and Arabs in 647, setting the stage for the later
Muslim conquest of the diocese of Sufetula and further conquests in
southern Europe.

Vi er tilbake i Monastir etter ørkenturen.
I bakgrunnen sees Le Ribat

Le ribat de Monastir 
(arabe : رباط المنستير) est une imposante forteresse tunisienne située au bord de la mer
, dans la ville de Monastir.
Considéré comme le ribat le plus ancien et le plus important
 Maghreb1, il est regardé comme le monument phare de Monastir.



En kopp kaffe i skyggen på hotellet er
godt etter varmen i Sahara.

Tunisia (Arabic: تونس‎‎ About this sound Tūnis; Berber: ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; French: Tunisie),
officially the
 Tunisian Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية التونسية‎‎ About this
al-Jumhūrīya at-Tūnisīya; Berber: ⵜⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰ ⵏ ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ) is a country
 North Africa, covering 165,000 square kilometres (64,000 square
miles). Its northernmost point,
 Cape Angela, is the northernmost
point on the African continent. It is bordered by
 Algeria to the
west and southwest,
 Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean
 to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be
just under 11 million in 2014.
[11] Tunisia's name is derived from
its capital city,
 Tunis, which is located on Tunisia's northeast coast.
Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas
 and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert.
Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil.
Its 1,300 kilometres (810 miles) of coastline includes the
African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the

Mediterranean Basin
 and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, features the African mainland's
second and third nearest points to Europe after