Rundtur i Marokko og

en uke på Costa del Sol, Spania i 1970

tilbake til 1. side

Grete Emblemsvåg

siden er laget 4. juni 2017


 Malaga_ut_fra_flyet
Vi fløy til Malaga.
Derfra buss og ferge over til Marokko.


 Malaga_ut_fra_flyet
Morocco (Listeni/məˈrɒk/; Arabic: المغرب‎‎ al-Maghrib, lit. "The West"; Berber: ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ Lmeɣrib; French: Maroc), officially known as
the
 Kingdom of Morocco
(
Arabic: المملكة المغربية‎‎ al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah, lit. "The Western Kingdom"; Berber: ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ Tageldit n Lmaɣrib),
is a sovereign country located in the
 Maghreb region of North Africa.
Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged mountainous
interior, large tracts of desert, and a lengthy coastline along the

Atlantic Ocean
 and Mediterranean Sea.
Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of 446,550 km2 (172,410 sq mi). Its capital is Rabat, and the largest
city is
 Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Tetouan, Salé, Fes, Agadir, Meknes,
Oujda
, Kenitra, and Nador. A historically prominent regional power,
Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours.
Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by
 Idris I in 789, the
country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching
its zenith under the
 Almoravid and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts
of
 Iberia and Northwestern Africa. Marinid and Saadi dynasties
continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco
remained the only North African country to avoid
 Ottoman
occupation.

The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in
1666. In 1912 Morocco was divided into
 French and Spanish
protectorates, with an
 international zone in Tangier, and regained
its independence in 1956.

Moroccan culture is a blend of
 Arab,
indigenous Berber
, Sub-Saharan African, and European influences.
Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara
as its
 Southern Provinces. Morocco annexed the territory in 1975,
leading to a
 guerrilla war with indigenous forces until a
cease-fire in 1991.
 Peace processes have thus far failed to break
the political deadlock.

Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament.
The
 King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers,
especially over the
 military, foreign policy and religious affairs.
Executive power
 is exercised by the government, while legislative
power
 is vested in both the government and the two chambers of
parliament, the
 Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly
of Councillors
. The king can issue decrees called dahirs which
have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after
consulting the
 Prime Minister and the president of the
Constitutional court.

Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official
languages are
 Arabic and Tamazight. The Moroccan dialect,
referred to as
 Darija, and French are also widely spoken.
Morocco is a member of the
 Arab League, the Union for the
Mediterranean
, and the African Union. It has the fifth largest
economy of Africa
. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morocco
Moroccan Flag Meaning:
Green and red are traditional colors of Islam, which is Morocco's
official religion. Red is also the color of the reigning Moroccan
dynasty. The Seal of Solomon represents the link between
God and the nation.

Moroccan Flag History:
The Moroccan flag was adopted on November 17, 1915.
Morocco gained independence from France on March 2, 1956.
The 'Seal of Solomon' was added to the red flag, previously used
by the reigning Moroccan dynasty since the 17th century, to
differentiate Morocco's flag from similar red flags of other nations.

Interesting Moroccan Flag Facts:
The Moroccan flag remained unchanged when the sultanate of
Morocco was restored by the two colonial rulers of France and
Spain, and independence was granted in 1956. A year later,
the sultan became a king and Morocco became a kingdom.  http://www.worldflags101.com/m/morocco-flag.aspx


 Marokko_Tetuan
Det kongelige palass i Tetuan i Marokko


Tétouan (from the Berber ⵜⵉⵟⵟⴰⵡⵉⵏ Tiṭṭawin, Arabic: تطوان‎‎,
Spanish: Tetuán, French: Tétouan) is a city in northern Morocco.
The Berber name means literally "the eyes" and figuratively
"the water springs".

 Hus_med_storkereder_Marokko
I denne byen var det storkereir på hvert eneste hustak.

Tétouan is one of the two major ports of
Morocco on the
 Mediterranean Sea. It lies a few miles south of
the
 Strait of Gibraltar, and about 40 mi (60 km) E.S.E. of Tangier.
In 2014 the city had 463,968 inhabitants (census figure). Tétouan's civil airport
 Sania Ramel Airport is located 6 km to the east.
In 1913 Tétouan became the capital of the Spanish protectorate of
Morocco
, which was governed by the Jalifa (Moroccan prince,
serving as Viceroy for the Sultan), and the Spanish "
Alto Comisario"
accredited to him. It remained such a capital until 1956, when Morocco
regained its full independence.


Arabic
 is the official language,the city has its own dialect, a particular citadin variant of non-Hilalian Arabic which is distinct
from
 Jebli Arabic. However, Jebli Arabic is predominant since
people from the neighboring rural areas settled in the city during
the 20th century rural flights.
[5] The use of Spanish and French
is still widespread especially by the businessmen and intellectual
elites due to past colonial ties and geographic location to Europe.
The majority religion is
 Islam; small Christian and Jewish
communities also exist.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C3%A9touan

 Marokko_Fez
Fez

Fes’ Royal Palace, or the Dar el-Makhzen, unfortunately,
is not open to the public, but the outside is still worth a
visit. The 7 golden gates that mark the entrance to the
palace can only leave you imagining how grand it is
inside. These famous, beautiful brass doors with matching
knockers are covered with intricate patterns and grace
the covers of many Morocco travel books.
The current King of Morocco uses the palace when he
visits Fes. It has stunning gardens, mosques, beautifully
painted ceilings, and an ancient school for Koranic
studies, or Madrassa, dating back to the 14th century.
Maybe one day they’ll open it to the public.
http://localadventurer.com/famous-doors-palais-royale-fes/

 Marokko_Fez
Utsikt over byen Fez


Founded in the 9th century and home to the oldest university
in the world, Fez reached its height in the 13th–14th
centuries under the Marinids, when it replaced Marrakesh as
the capital of the kingdom. The urban fabric and the principal
monuments in the medina – madrasas, fondouks
, palaces,
residences, mosques and fountains - date from this period.
Although the political capital of Morocco was transferred
to Rabat in 1912, Fez has retained its status as the country's
cultural and spiritual centre.
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/170


 Marokko

 Marokko

 Marokko

 Marokko

 Marokko_Marrakesh
Med hestedrosje og lokal guide til medinaen i Marrakech

Founded in 1070–72 by the Almoravids, Marrakesh remained
a political, economic and cultural centre for a long period.
Its influence was felt throughout the western Muslim world,
from North Africa to Andalusia. It has several impressive
monuments dating from that period: the Koutoubiya Mosque,
the Kasbah, the battlements, monumental doors, gardens, etc.
Later architectural jewels include the Bandiâ Palace, the Ben Youssef Madrasa
, the Saadian Tombs, several great residences
and Place Jamaâ El Fna, a veritable open-air theatre.
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/331

 Marokko_Marrakesh



There are few more pleasurable ways to spend time in
Marrakech than wandering around the seemingly endless
maze of markets in the Medina. The area of the Medina, just
north of the Jemaa El Fna, is commercial – at least in its
more central areas – with a fibrous network of souks.
Beginning on the north edge, the souks comprise alleyway
upon alleyway of tiny retail cubicles.
The further in you venture the more interesting they become.
http://www.timeout.com/city-guides/20-great-things-to-do-in-marrakech/

 Marokko_Marrakesh
Det ble født en ny prins i Marokko i juni 1970.
Dette ble feiret med hesteshow


 
Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco, also known as
 Prince
Moulay Rachid ben al-Hassan
, GCVO,
(
Arabic: الأمير مولاي رشيد بن الحسن‎‎) was born on 20 June 1970
in
 Rabat as the youngest male child of the late
King Hassan II
 and his second wife, Lalla Latifa Hammou.
He holds a
 doctorate in international politics and serves
Morocco as a diplomat. He is currently second in the line
of succession to the
 Moroccan throne.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Moulay_Rachid_of_Morocco


 Marokka_Casablanca
Punktering.
Sjåføren måtte jobbe, mens vi fikk litt ekstra tid på
Miami Beach i Casablanca.


 Marokka_Casablanca

 Marokka_Casablanca
Casablanca
Located on the Atlantic coastline
The long sandy beaches of Casablanca are dotted with
resorts and hotels. The majority of the beaches are geared
up for tourist trade and offer a range of facilities and
water sports. http://www.morocco.com/area-guide/beaches/




 Marokko_hotel-Balima_Rabat

The Balima hotel has on its premises a restaurant that offers
beautiful views. The Foodies get to enjoy both international
and traditional Moroccan delicacies. The hotel bar offers a
range of drinks, right from cocktails to soft drinks.
Every day you can gorge on different dishes cooked in various styles.  http://www.hotelsmorocco.eu/rabat/balima-hotel-rabat/


 Marokko_hotel-Balima_Rabat
Frokost på hotel Balima i Rabat

 Marokko_Rabat_mausoleum
The glittering Mausoleum of King Mohammed V lies in state
on the very place where, upon his return from exile in
Madagascar, he gathered thousands of Moroccans together to
thank God for giving independence to their country.
The opulent tomb chamber is resplendently decorated, with
zellige tilework covering the walls around the grand marble
tomb. It's a showcase of Moroccan traditional design.
Non-Muslims cannot enter the adjoining mosque but are
able to view the mausoleum's tomb chamber from above,
as long as they are dressed respectfully
(shoulders and knees covered). 
http://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions-/rabat-mar-rs-rab.htm


 Marokko_Rabat_palass
Royal Palace i Rabat

 Marokko_Rabat
Royal Palace i Rabat
Since the reign of sultan Muhammad ibn Abdallah, the
Alaouite
 sultans and kings have maintained a palace in Rabat.
The current building was built in 1864, to replace the older
palace, by
 Muhammad IV. Morocco had been formerly under
the control
 of the French since 1912, and they wanted the
sultan to be largely stationed in one place, near their own administrative headquarters, in order to show his acceptance
of the new regime.

Although kings had many residences at their disposal, when
independence was declared in 1955, they chose to keep the
Dâr-al-Makhzen palace as the main palace of the monarch.

Some monarchs, particularly Muhammad V, preferred the
smaller and relatively secluded palace of Dar es Salaam,
further out of centre of the city, maintaining the
Dâr-al-Makhzen as their official and administrative residence.

Several important events in the lives of a number of Moroccan
royals have taken place in the palace, including
 Hassan II in
1929
and the marriage ceremony of Mohammed VI and
Salma Bennani
 in 2002. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dar_al-Makhzen_(Rabat)

 Marokko
Å ri på en kamel er ikke så lett.


Kamelen er et av verdens viktigste husdyr.
Den brukes som lastedyr i Sør-Russland og hele Asia,
er utholdende og sterk, og kan bære omkring 250 kg.
Kjøttet spises, av melken får man smør og ost.
Huden er fast og god og brukes som lær.
Hårene er meget anvendelige til tøyveving.
Gjødselen samles opp og brukes til brensel.
https://snl.no/kamel

 Middelhavet_Gibraltar
Gibraltar (/dʒɪˈbrɔːltər/ ji-BRAWL-tər, /dʒᵻˈbrɒltər/ jə-BROL-tər or other permutations; Spanish pronunciation: [xiβɾalˈtaɾ]) is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula. It has an
area of 6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi) and shares its northern border with Spain.
The Rock of Gibraltar is the major landmark of the region. At its foot is
a densely populated city area, home to over 30,000 Gibraltarians and
other nationalities.

An Anglo-Dutch force captured Gibraltar from Spain in 1704 during the
War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of the Habsburg claim to the
Spanish throne. The territory was subsequently ceded to Great Britain
"in perpetuity" under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.
During World War II it was an important base for the Royal Navy as it
controlled the entrance and exit to the Mediterranean Sea, which is only
eight miles (13 km) wide at this naval "choke point" and remains
strategically important to this day with half the world's seaborne
trade passing through the strait.
Today Gibraltar's economy is based largely on tourism, online
gambling, financial services, and cargo ship refuelling services.

The sovereignty of Gibraltar is a major point of contention in
Anglo-Spanish relations as Spain asserts a claim to the territory.
Gibraltarians overwhelmingly rejected proposals for Spanish
sovereignty in a 1967 referendum and again in 2002, neither of which
have gained UN recognition. Under the Gibraltar constitution of
2006, Gibraltar governs its own affairs, though some powers, such
as defence and foreign relations, remain the responsibility of the British government.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibraltar
---------------------------------------------------------------------
Etter en uke i Marokko tok vi ferga tilbake til
Spania og Costa del Sol.
Nå skulle vi ha en ukes badeferie
før vi dro tilbake til hverdagen igjen.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
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Vi bodde på hotel Stella Polaris i Torreblanca,
et nytt og fint hotell rett ved stranda.

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      [Flag]

The current design dates from December 18, 1981.
The basic shields of the old Spanish kingdoms and the

Pillars of Hercules
 are retained, but a crown is prominently displayed to honour the role of the monarchy in the modern Spanish state. The red and gold colours are traditional
but have no official symbolic interpretation.

Whitney Smith  https://www.britannica.com/topic/flag-of-Spain


Come to Malaga and its Costa del Sol, to discover a
surprising paradise, some of
 the best beaches in Spain and a
cultural and leisure offering to suit all tastes.
Visit its charming
 white towns and villages, discover its
natural surroundings and gastronomy.
Discover its history through its cultural heritage,
and take part in its customs and traditions.
Live an unforgettable experience on the Costa del Sol,
be it as part of a family, with friends,
on your own or as part of a business trip.

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_hotel_Stellapolaris
Stranda med hotellet i bakgrunnen

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_hotel_Stellapolaris
Mor på basengkanten til ære for fotografen.
Vi bader heller i sjøen.


 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_hotel_Stellapolaris

Utsikten fra hotellrommet vårt.

Yil høyre slapper mor av på balkongen.

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_hotel_Stellapolaris

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_hotel_Stellapolaris

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_Torreblanca
En vanlig dag på stranda

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_Torreblanca
Litt handling blir det også

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_Nerja
Det ble bare en utflukt på Costa del Sol.
Vi hadde opplevd så mye i Marokko, så nå var det deilig å
slappe av.
Men her er vi i Nerja. Vi var i grottene og en liten tur i Nerja by.

The magnificent Nerja Caves  Cuevas de Nerja – are a series of huge
caverns stretching for almost five kilometres and home to the world’s
largest stalagmite, a 32 metre high column measuring 13 metres by
7 metres at its base.

There are three Galleries – Show Gallery, Upper Gallery and
New Gallery – with each gallery containing a number of Halls.

The Upper Gallery and New Gallery contain many of the prehistoric
cave paintings, but tourist access to these areas is limited to special
group
s.  http://www.thenerjacaves.com/
Se også: Spania_2016


Nerja
is a populat coastal resort town some 50 kilometres
east of Málaga city conected by the A-7 coastal highway.
It marks the eastern limit of Málaga provine's Costa del Sol.
Once a sleepy fishing village, the town now has a resident
population of over 25,000.
http://www.andalucia.com/nerja/home.htm

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_flyet_hjem

Ferien er slutt. Tilbake til jobb.

 handling_Spania_og_Marokko