Rundtur i Marokko og

en uke på Costa del Sol, Spania i 1970

tilbake til 1. side

Grete Emblemsvåg

siden er laget 4. juni 2017, endret 2.3.2020



 Malaga_ut_fra_flyet
Vi fløy til Malaga.
Derfra buss og ferge over til Marokko.


 Malaga_ut_fra_flyet
Morocco (Listeni/məˈrɒk/; Arabic: المغرب‎‎ al-Maghrib, lit.
"The West";
 Berber: ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ Lmeɣrib; French: Maroc),
officially known as the
 Kingdom of Morocco
(
Arabic: المملكة المغربية‎‎ al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah, lit.
"The Western Kingdom";
 Berber: ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ
Tageldit n Lmaɣrib
), is a sovereign country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa.
Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged
mountainous interior, large tracts of desert, and a lengthy coastline along the
Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.
Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area
of 446,550 km
2 (172,410 sq mi). Its capital is Rabat, and
the largest city is
 Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Tetouan, Salé, Fes, Agadir,
Meknes
, Oujda, Kenitra, and Nador. A historically
prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of
independence not shared by its neighbours.
Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by
 Idris I
in 789, the country has been ruled by a series of
independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the
 Almoravid and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts
of
 Iberia and Northwestern Africa. Marinid and Saadi
dynasties continued the struggle against foreign
domination, and Morocco remained the only North
African country to avoid
 Ottoman occupation.
The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized
power in 1666. In 1912 Morocco was divided  into
 French and Spanish
protectorates, with an
 international zone in Tangier,
and regained its independence in 1956.
Moroccan culture is a blend of Arab,
indigenous Berber
, Sub-Saharan African, and European
influences.

Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of
Western Sahara
as its Southern Provinces. Morocco
annexed the territory in 1975, leading to a
 guerrilla
 war
 with indigenous forces until a cease-fire in 1991.
Peace processes
 have thus far failed to break the
political deadlock.

Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected
parliament.
The
 King of Morocco holds vast executive and l
egislative powers, especially over the
 military, foreign
policy and religious affairs.

Executive power
 is exercised by the government, while
legislative power
 is vested in both the government and
the two chambers of parliament, the
 Assembly of
Representatives
 and the Assembly of Councillors.
The king can issue decrees called
 dahirs which have the
force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after
consulting the
 Prime Minister and the president of the
Constitutional court.

Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official
languages are
 Arabic and Tamazight. The Moroccan
dialect
, referred to as Darija, and French are also
widely spoken.
Morocco is a member of the
 Arab League, the Union for
the Mediterranean
, and the African Union. It has the
fifth largest economy of Africa
.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morocco
Moroccan Flag Meaning:
Green and red are traditional colors of Islam, which is
Morocco's official religion. Red is also the color of the
reigning Moroccan dynasty. The Seal of Solomon
represents the link between God and the nation.

Moroccan Flag History:
The Moroccan flag was adopted on November 17, 1915.
Morocco gained independence from France on March 2,
1956.
The 'Seal of Solomon' was added to the red flag,
previously used by the reigning Moroccan dynasty since
the 17th century, to differentiate Morocco's flag from
similar red flags of other nations.

Interesting Moroccan Flag Facts:
The Moroccan flag remained unchanged when the
sultanate of Morocco was restored by the two colonial
rulers of France and Spain, and independence was
granted in 1956. A year later, the sultan became a
king and Morocco became a kingdom. 

http://www.worldflags101.com/m/morocco-flag.aspx

 
  
Bilde fra: https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marokkos_flagg

 Marokko_Tetuan
Det kongelige palass i Tetuan i Marokko

Tétouan (from the Berber ⵜⵉⵟⵟⴰⵡⵉⵏ Tiṭṭawin, Arabic: تطوان‎‎,
Spanish: Tetuán, French: Tétouan) is a city in northern
Morocco. The Berber name means literally "the eyes" and
figuratively  "the water springs".

 Hus_med_storkereder_Marokko
I denne byen var det storkereir på hvert eneste hustak.
Tétouan is one of the two major ports of Morocco on the Mediterranean Sea. It lies a few miles south of
the
 Strait of Gibraltar, and about 40 mi (60 km) E.S.E. of
Tangier
.
In 2014 the city had 463,968 inhabitants (census figure).
Tétouan's civil airport
 Sania Ramel Airport is located
 6 km to the east.

In 1913 Tétouan became the capital of the Spanish
protectorate of Morocco
, which was governed by the Jalifa
 
(Moroccan prince, serving as Viceroy for the
Sultan), and the Spanish "
Alto Comisario" accredited to
him. It remained such a capital until 1956, when
Morocco regained its full independence.


Arabic
 is the official language,the city has its own dialect,
a particular citadin variant of non-Hilalian Arabic which
is distinct from
 Jebli Arabic. However, Jebli Arabic is
predominant since people from the neighboring rural areas
settled in the city during the 20th century rural flights.

The use of
 Spanish and French is still widespread especially
by the businessmen and intellectual elites due to past
colonial ties and geographic location to Europe.
The majority religion is
 Islam; small Christian and Jewish

communities also exist. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C3%A9touan


 Marokko_Fez
Fes’ Royal Palace, or the Dar el-Makhzen,
unfortunately, is not open to the public, but the
outside is still worth a visit. The 7 golden gates
that mark the entrance to the palace can only
leave you imagining how grand it is inside.
These famous, beautiful brass doors with matching
knockers are covered with intricate patterns
and grace the covers of many Morocco travel books.
The current King of Morocco uses the palace when
he visits Fes. It has stunning gardens, mosques,
beautifully painted ceilings, and an ancient school
for Koranic studies, or Madrassa, dating back to
the 14th century. Maybe one day they’ll open it to
the public.

http://localadventurer.com/famous-doors-palais-royale-fes/

 Marokko_Fez
Utsikt over byen Fez


Founded in the 9th century and home to the oldest university
in the world, Fez reached its height in the 13th–14th
centuries under the Marinids, when it replaced Marrakesh as
the capital of the kingdom. The urban fabric and the principal
monuments in the medina – madrasas, fondouks
, palaces,
residences, mosques and fountains - date from this period.
Although the political capital of Morocco was transferred
to Rabat in 1912, Fez has retained its status as the country's
cultural and spiritual centre.

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/170


 Marokko

 Marokko

 Marokko

 Marokko

 Marokko_Marrakesh
Med hestedrosje og lokal guide til medinaen i Marrakech

Founded in 1070–72 by the Almoravids, Marrakesh
remained a political, economic and cultural centre
for a long period.
Its influence was felt throughout the western Muslim
world, from North Africa to Andalusia. It has several
impressive monuments dating from that period: the
Koutoubiya Mosque, the Kasbah, the battlements,
monumental doors, gardens, etc.
Later architectural jewels include the Bandiâ Palace,
the Ben Youssef Madrasa
, the Saadian Tombs, several
great residences and Place Jamaâ El Fna, a veritable
open-air theatre.

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/331

 Marokko_Marrakesh



There are few more pleasurable ways to spend time in
Marrakech than wandering around the seemingly endless
maze of markets in the Medina. The area of the Medina,
just north of the Jemaa El Fna, is commercial – at least in
its more central areas – with a fibrous network of souks.
Beginning on the north edge, the souks comprise alleyway
upon alleyway of tiny retail cubicles.
The further in you venture the more interesting they
become.

http://www.timeout.com/city-guides/20-great-things-to-do-in-marrakech/

 Marokko_Marrakesh
Det ble født en ny prins i Marokko i juni 1970.
Dette ble feiret med hesteshow


 
Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco, also known as

Prince Moulay Rachid ben al-Hassan
, GCVO,
(
Arabic: 
الأمير مولاي رشيد بن الحسن‎‎) was born on
20 June 1970 in
 Rabat as the youngest male child
of the late
King Hassan II and his second wife, Lalla
Latifa Hammou
.
He holds a
 doctorate in international politics and
serves Morocco as a diplomat. He is currently second
in the line of succession to the
 Moroccan throne
.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Moulay_Rachid_of_Morocco


 Marokka_Casablanca
Punktering.
Sjåføren måtte jobbe, mens vi fikk litt ekstra tid på
Miami Beach i Casablanca.


 Marokka_Casablanca

 Marokka_Casablanca
Casablanca
Located on the Atlantic coastline
The long sandy beaches of Casablanca are dotted
with
resorts and hotels. The majority of the beaches
are geared
up for tourist trade and offer a range of
facilities and
water sports.

http://www.morocco.com/area-guide/beaches/



 Marokko_hotel-Balima_Rabat
The Balima hotel has on its premises a restaurant that
offers beautiful views. The Foodies get to enjoy both
international and traditional Moroccan delicacies.
The hotel bar offers a range of drinks, right from
cocktails to soft drinks.
Every day you can gorge on different dishes cooked in
various styles. 
http://www.hotelsmorocco.eu/rabat/balima-hotel-rabat/


 Marokko_hotel-Balima_Rabat
Frokost på hotel Balima i Rabat

Right:
The glittering Mausoleum of King Mohammed V
lies in state on the very place where, upon his return from
exile in Madagascar, he gathered thousands of Moroccans
together to thank God for giving independence to their
country.

 Marokko_Rabat_mausoleum
The opulent tomb chamber is resplendently decorated, with
zellige tilework covering the walls around the grand marble
tomb. It's a showcase of Moroccan traditional design.
Non-Muslims cannot enter the adjoining mosque but are
able to view the mausoleum's tomb chamber from above,
as long as they are dressed respectfully
(shoulders and knees covered). 

http://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions-/rabat-mar-rs-rab.htm


 Marokko_Rabat_palass
Royal Palace i Rabat

 Marokko_Rabat
Royal Palace i Rabat

Since the reign of
 sultan Muhammad ibn Abdallah, the
Alaouite
 sultans and kings have maintained a
palace in Rabat.

The current building was built in 1864, to replace the
older palace, by
 Muhammad IV. Morocco had been
formerly
 under the control of the French since 1912,
and they wanted the sultan to be largely stationed in
one place, near their own administrative headquarters,
in order to show his acceptance of the new regime.

Although kings had many residences at their disposal, when
independence was declared in 1955, they chose to keep the
Dâr-al-Makhzen palace as the main palace of the monarch.

Some monarchs, particularly Muhammad V, preferred the
smaller and relatively secluded palace of Dar es Salaam,
further out of centre of the city, maintaining the
Dâr-al-Makhzen as their official and administrative
residence.
Several important events in the lives of a number
of Moroccan royals have taken place in the palace,
including
 Hassan II in 1929 and the marriage ceremony of
Mohammed VI and
Salma Bennani 
in 2002.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dar_al-Makhzen_(Rabat)


 Marokko
Å ri på en kamel er ikke så lett.


Kamelen er et av verdens viktigste husdyr.
Den brukes som lastedyr i Sør-Russland og hele Asia,
er utholdende og sterk, og kan bære omkring 250 kg.
Kjøttet spises, av melken får man smør og ost.
Huden er fast og god og brukes som lær.
Hårene er meget anvendelige til tøyveving.
Gjødselen samles opp og brukes til brensel.

https://snl.no/kamel

 Middelhavet_Gibraltar
Gibraltar (/dʒɪˈbrɔːltər/ ji-BRAWL-tər, /dʒᵻˈbrɒltər/
jə-BROL-tər or other permutations; Spanish pronunciation:
[xiβɾalˈtaɾ]) is a British Overseas Territory located on the
southern end of the Iberian Peninsula. It has an area
of 6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi) and shares its northern border with
Spain.
The Rock of Gibraltar is the major landmark of the region.
At its foot is a densely populated city area, home to over 30,000 Gibraltarians and other nationalities.

An Anglo-Dutch force captured Gibraltar from Spain in
1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of the Habsburg claim to the Spanish throne.
The territory was subsequently ceded to Great Britain "in perpetuity" under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.
During World War II it was an important base for the Royal
Navy as it controlled the entrance and exit to the
Mediterranean Sea, which is only eight miles (13 km) wide
at this naval "choke point" and remains strategically
important to this day with half the world's seaborne
trade passing through the strait.
Today Gibraltar's economy is based largely on tourism,
online gambling, financial services, and cargo ship refuelling
services.

The sovereignty of Gibraltar is a major point of contention
in Anglo-Spanish relations as Spain asserts a claim to the
territory. Gibraltarians overwhelmingly rejected proposals
for Spanish sovereignty in a 1967 referendum and again in
2002, neither of which have gained UN recognition.
Under the Gibraltar constitution of 2006, Gibraltar governs
its own affairs, though some powers, such as defence and
foreign relations, remain the responsibility of the British
government.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibraltar
---------------------------------------------------------------------
Etter en uke i Marokko tok vi ferga tilbake til
Spania og Costa del Sol.

Nå skulle vi ha en ukes badeferie
før vi dro tilbake til hverdagen igjen.

---------------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Vi bodde på hotel Stella Polaris i Torreblanca,
et nytt og fint hotell rett ved stranda.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

     
Bilde fra: https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanias_flagg
Flagget
The current design dates from December 18, 1981.
The basic shields of the old Spanish kingdoms and the

Pillars of Hercules
 are retained, but a crown is prominently
displayed to honour the role of the monarchy in the
modern Spanish state.
The red and gold colours are traditional
but have no official symbolic interpretation.

Whitney Smith  https://www.britannica.com/topic/flag-of-Spain

Come to Malaga and its Costa del Sol, to discover a
surprising paradise, some of
 the best beaches in Spain
and a cultural and leisure offering to suit all tastes.
Visit its charming
 white towns and villages
, discover
its natural surroundings and gastronomy.

Discover its history through its cultural heritage,
and take part in its customs and traditions.
Live an unforgettable experience on the Costa del Sol,
be it as part of a family, with friends,
on your own or as part of a business trip.

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_hotel_Stellapolaris
Stranda med hotellet i bakgrunnen

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_hotel_Stellapolaris
Mor på basengkanten til ære for fotografen.
Vi bader heller i sjøen.


 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_hotel_Stellapolaris

Utsikten fra hotellrommet vårt.

Til høyre slapper mor av på balkongen.


 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_hotel_Stellapolaris

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_hotel_Stellapolaris

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_Torreblanca
En vanlig dag på stranda

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_Torreblanca
Litt handling blir det også

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_Nerja
Det ble bare en utflukt på Costa del Sol.
Vi hadde opplevd så mye i Marokko,
så nå var det deilig å slappe av.
Men her er vi i Nerja.
Vi var i grottene og en liten tur i Nerja by.


The famous Nerja Caves are found in Maro, a district of Nerja
(Málaga). They were discovered on the 12th of January 1959
by a group of young locals who were on a late-night walk
searching for bats. The Nerja Caves are the perfect place to
relive a bit of Nerja’s past. The caves in Nerja have been classed
as a “Good of Cultural Interest”, a form of heritage register in
Spain.
In the Nerja Caves, you and your family will enjoy a 45-minute
excursion of one of the most important caves in the World.
Here you will find the oldest work of art known to man and also
some of the largest rock formations around.
In the Nerja Caves there exist 3 galleries, as far as we know.
The public gallery, the high gallery, and the new gallery,
though at this moment only the public gallery is open to
tourists. (2.3.2020)

https://www.nerja-turismo.com/en/nerja-caves/
Se også: Spania_2016


Nerja
is a populat coastal resort town some 50 kilometres
east of Málaga city conected by the A-7 coastal highway.
It marks the eastern limit of Málaga provine's Costa del Sol.
Once a sleepy fishing village, the town now has a resident
population of over 25,000.

http://www.andalucia.com/nerja/home.htm

 Spania_Costa-del-Sol_flyet_hjem

Ferien er slutt. Tilbake til jobb.

Til høyre er det vi handlet i Marokko og Spania.

 handling_Spania_og_Marokko

 utgang bak


Til venstre kommer mor (Selma) og Jan Erik ut av flyet.
 Jeg tror det er på Costa del Sol.


Welcome to Malaga and Costa del Sol

Coming to Málaga and Costa del Sol means finding
beautiful landscapes, fabulous beaches, delicious food,
interesting customs and traditions.
It means discovering a rich cultural heritage,
amazing coastal areas, and charming white
hinterland villages. It is unveiling marvellous secrets
 that will make your stay unforgettable.

Come visit us!

http://www.visitcostadelsol.com/

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